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Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)
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Misfortunes in madrid (1890 91)

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  • 1. CHAPTER 17 Misfortunes inMadrid (1890-91)
  • 2. Failure to Get Justice for the Family • Asociacion Hispano- Filipina Sought • Liberal Spanish help newspapers • La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El Resumen, etc. •Secure justice Why? •For oppressed Calamba tenants & family
  • 3. • Rizal’s interview with Minister Fabie – Nothing happened• “To cover the ears, open the purse and fold the arms- this is the Spanish colonial policy.” -El Resumen (a Madrid newspaper)
  • 4. Bad News from Calamba• Letter from Silvestre Ubaldo (Rizal’s brother-in- law) – Copy of ejectment order by Dominicans against Rizal’s father & the Calamba tenants• Saturnina’s letter – Deportation to Mindoro • Paciano Rizal • Antonio Lopez • Silvestre Ubaldo • Teong (Mateo Elejorde) • Dandoy (Rizal’s relative)
  • 5. Bad News from Calamba• Saturnina’s letter – Ejection of their parents from home – Parents living in Narcisa’s house• Blumentritt – Urged Rizal to see Queen Regent Maria Cristina
  • 6. Queen Regent Maria Cristina
  • 7. Death of Panganiban • Jose Maria Panganiban – Co-worker of Rizal in the Propaganda Movement – Bicol hero – Died 27 years old in Barcelona – Feliciano Gonzales Timbang (died in 1889) also died the same day Panganiban did
  • 8. DuelsAntonio Luna • Drunk A. Luna • Frustrated romance w/ Nellie Boustead– Reason for duel: • bad remarks -> Nellie Boustead • which Rizal didn’t like– ABORTED DUEL– Resolution: • Upon soberness of Luna, apologies gave way to resolution • Restored friendship with Rizal
  • 9. RIZAL Felix Resurrecion Hidalgo Pardo de Tavera
  • 10. 1ANTONIO LUNA
  • 11. Duels• Wenceslao E. Retana • Talented Spanish scholar • Press agent of the friars in Spain • Rizal’s bitter enemy of the pen Reason for Rizal’s challenging to duel: • Retana’s article in La Epoca : – Rizal’s family’s and friends’ ejection because of not paying rents DUEL ABORTED • WHY? – Rizal- superior in both pistol and sword Resolution: • written retraction and apology in newspapers by Retana
  • 12. Leonor Rivera’s Infidelity• Teatro Apolo – Rizal lost his gold watch chain w/ locket w/ Leonor Rivera’s picture in it• Letter from Leonor Rivera – (Winter, December 1890) announcement of marriage to an Englishman – Asking for forgiveness
  • 13. Rizal-Del Pilar Rivalry • Marcelo H. Del Pilar – Lawyer-journalist – Gained prestige in Madrird for editorials in La Solidaridad – Purchased La Solidaridad (fortnightly periodical) from Pablo Rianzares – Replaced Graciano Lopez Jaena as editor
  • 14. From left to right:Jose RizalM.H. del PilarMariano Ponce
  • 15. GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA
  • 16. Rizal’s Leadership• Rizal’s Idealism (To win Spanish people’s respect and prestige for the Propaganda Movement) – High standards of… • morality • dignity • spirit of sacrifice – Some Rizal’s supporters  del Pilar’s supporters • WHY? – RIZAL’S IDEALISM’s interference w/ private lives » Women » Wine » Cards
  • 17. • Del Pilar’s editorial policy- contrary to Rizal’s political views• Meeting (January 1,1891): – Aversion of Rizal-del Pilar break-up – Campaign for reform – Responsable (decided by 2/3 vote of Filipino community) • Editorial policy (abandoned: del Pilar opposed) • Directs Filipino community affairs
  • 18. Rizal Turns Down Leadership• Election for Responsable (1st week of Feb. 1891)- – Rizalistas vs. Pilaristas – Rizal leads election’s first 2 days – Mariano Ponce’s appeal  Rizal’s victory (3rd day) – Turned down position  avoid disunity
  • 19. ADIOS MADRID• Rizal saw Madrid for the LAST TIME• Vacation in Biarritz

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