El curso Las Competencias Comunicativas de la Lengua Inglesa, BASIC ENGLISH 3, fue elaborado porla Facultad de Estudios Su...
CONTENTS           SOCIAL PRACTICES AND COMMUNICATIVE AIMS PER UNIT           UNIT 1	          WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DO? ...
WRAP IT UP	                                        39         I. ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURES              39         II. E-M...
IX.	 CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER               88         X.	 ERROR IDENTIFICATION               89              LANGUAGE REVIEW U...
EXTRA ACTIVITIES                                     134UNIT 1                                               134         I...
SOCIAL PRACTICES AND COMMUNICATIVE AIMS PER UNIT                              UNIT 1 WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DO?           ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3UNIT 1                    WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DO?WHAT IT’S ABOUT (COMMUNICATIVE AIMS)•	         Talk, as...
BASIC ENGLISH 3   Juan:     Not exactly. Would you like to go to Mixquic and see the traditional celebration?   Alice:    ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3      II.    MULTIPLE CHOICEA. Choose the correct answer to complete the conversation.Alice and Nancy are a...
BASIC ENGLISH 3         III.        SENTENCE COMPLETION   Use the words in the box to complete the sentences.             ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                                   A                                                 B      7.   Is he an a...
BASIC ENGLISH 3          VI.      DAYS AND MONTHS   A. Match the abbreviations with the correct day or      B. Now, write ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3      VII.    SEASONSFill in the blanks with the month that corresponds to the season.Spring begins on ____...
BASIC ENGLISH 3   TRY IT OUT         I.    PRONUNCIATION   Remember that in English there are two general categories of wo...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                                     THINK                                     Can you complete the sentenc...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                       Follow the examples.    When                 is (Carmen,the food fest)?             ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3A. Accept an invitation.Student 1:Would you like toDo you want to              listen to a Jazz concert on ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3         V.     COMING EVENTS   Listen to the announcements about the coming events at school. Complete the...
BASIC ENGLISH 3fruits, ‘’pan de muerto’’ ( (16) ____________ for the dead), sugar skulls, and the (17)____________ foods o...
BASIC ENGLISH 3   A. Short answers to “yes-no” questions.   With a partner, make up “yes-no” questions and answer with sho...
BASIC ENGLISH 3      VIII.        LANGUAGE ABBREVIATIONSWhen people text or e-mail, they frequently use abbreviations. Wor...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                     PROVERB         Marry in haste, repent at leisure.                                    ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                                 YOU                PARTNER               RICARDO                   IRMACoo...
BASIC ENGLISH 3   POLISH IT UP         I.    PREPOSITIONS OF TIME AND PLACE   Remember that the prepositions in, on and at...
BASIC ENGLISH 3A. Fill in the blanks writing the correct number to       B. Complete the paragraphs using the prepositions...
BASIC ENGLISH 3          II.       PRONUNCIATION: CAN VS. CAN’T                           In spoken English, the sound /a/...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                   D.                                     Go around the classroom and ask your classmates q...
BASIC ENGLISH 3         IV.     “WH” QUESTIONS OR INFORMATION QUESTIONS                       Remember that this kind of q...
BASIC ENGLISH 3         B. With a classmate, ask and answer questions about your everyday life.                      You c...
BASIC ENGLISH 3          V.       WORD ORDER   Put the words in the correct order to form sentences or questions.         ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                                            VI.      DATES                                                 ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3         VII.     VERB FORMS   A. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb. This is a conversat...
BASIC ENGLISH 3PROVERB A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.                                                      I don...
BASIC ENGLISH 3         VIII.       VIEWING, READING AND RESPONDING   A. Read the following text:                         ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3A. Which paragraph gives you information about the following topics?                                      T...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                      D. What can you do well?                      There are a lot of things that you can ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3WRAP IT UP      I.    ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURESA. Match the activity on the left with the procedure on the ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3   B.	   Arrange the procedures for the activities mentioned in the correct order.                         ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3C. Now, write a paragraph for each recipe, using the time sequence words: first, next, then, after      tha...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                                                             3. “before New Year’s Eve” means:   1. “I urge...
BASIC ENGLISH 3          a)	      like to read the newspaper                        a)	      they are kind of difficult  1...
BASIC ENGLISH 3                                                 NOTE:                                          We begin wr...
BASIC ENGLISH 3      IV.     ALICE’S SCHEDULEA. Alice has a busy schedule this week. Work with a partner. Student (A) look...
BASIC ENGLISH 3   B. Write ten questions referring to Schedules 1 and 2, using the question words Where? What time? When? ...
BASIC ENGLISH 3E. Write 5 sentences using information about what you do on your weekends.1.	______________________________...
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
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Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
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Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
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Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III
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Las competencias comunicativas de la lengua ingles III

  1. 1. El curso Las Competencias Comunicativas de la Lengua Inglesa, BASIC ENGLISH 3, fue elaborado porla Facultad de Estudios Superiores Acatlán de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, con la asesoríade la Dirección General de Formación Continua de Maestros en Servicio, de la Subsecretaría de EducaciónBásica de la Secretaría de Educación Pública. SECRETARÍA DE EDUCACIÓN PÚBLICA FACULTAD DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES ACATLÁN Mtro. Alonso Lujambio Irazábal UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÓNOMA Secretario de Educación Pública DE MÉXICO Mtro. José Fernando González Sánchez Subsecretario de Educación Básica Dr. José Alejandro Salcedo Aquino Lic. Leticia Gutiérrez Corona Director Directora General de Formación Dr. Darío Rivera Vargas Continua de Maestros en Servicio Secretario General Dra. Jessica Baños Poo Mtra. María Cristina Hernández Morales Directora de Desarrollo Académico Coordinadora del Centro de Enseñanza de Idiomas Lic. Erika Jiménez Baños Jefa del Departamento de Inglés Coordinación General Lic. Leticia Gutiérrez Corona Mtra. María Cristina Hernández Morales Coordinación Académica Dra. Jessica Baños Poo Lic. Erika Jiménez Baños Mtra. Claudia Flores Moreno Mtra. Elvia Franco García Mtra. Ana Laura Villa Blanco Lic. Ma. Cristina Borja Tavizón Autores Mtra. Elvia Franco García Lic. Ma. Cristina Borja Tavizón Colaboradores Profa. Gilda Terán Ramírez Revisión Técnica Lic. Eduardo Almeida Del Castillo Mtra. E. Joy Holloway Creed Lic. José de Jesús Galván Muñoz Mtra. María del Rosario Hernández Coló Mtra. E. Joy Holloway Creed Diseño de Gráfico María Fernanda Escobar Limón Oscar Villela Vargas Voces de las Grabaciones Erick Medrano Ramírez Mtra. María Cristina Hernández Morales Mtra. E. Joy Holloway Creed Lic. Erika Jiménez Baños Colaboración en Diseño Lic. Claudia Gutiérrez Redondo Mtra. Elvia Franco García Lic. Humberto Cárdenas Tarrasa Lic. Ma. Cristina Borja Tavizón Lic. Luis Manuel Tapia RiveraEste programa es de carácter público, no es patrocinado ni promovido por partido político alguno y sus recursos provienende los impuestos que pagan los contribuyentes. Está prohibido el uso de este programa con fines políticos, electorales, delucro y otros distintos a los establecidos. Quien haga uso indebido de los recursos de este programa deberá ser sanciona-do de acuerdo con la ley aplicable y ante la autoridad competente.D.R.© Secretaría de Educación Pública, 2011Argentina 28, Colonia Centro,06020, México, D.F
  2. 2. CONTENTS SOCIAL PRACTICES AND COMMUNICATIVE AIMS PER UNIT UNIT 1 WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DO? 9 WHAT IT’S ABOUT (COMMUNICATIVE AIMS) 9 WORK IT OUT 10 I. RIGHT OR WRONG 10 II. MULTIPLE CHOICE 11 III. SENTENCE COMPLETION 12 IV. SHORT ANSWERS 12 V. FILL IN THE BLANKS 13 VI. DAYS AND MONTHS 14 VII. SEASON DATES 15 TRY IT OUT 16 I. PRONUNCIATION 16 II. DATES TO REMEMBER 16 III. FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER BULLETIN BOARD 17 IV. CULTURAL CENTER BULLETIN BOARD 18 V. COMING EVENTS 20 VI. FILL IN THE BLANKS 20 VII. SCHOOL DIRECTORY 21 VIII.LANGUAGE ABBREVIATIONS 23 IX. FREQUENCY 24 POLISH IT UP 26 I. PREPOSITIONS OF TIME AND PLACE 26 II. PRONUNCIATION: CAN VS. CAN’T 28 III. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 29 IV. “WH” QUESTIONS OR INFORMATION QUESTIONS 30 V. WORD ORDER 32 VI. DATES 33 VII. VERB FORMS 34 VIII. VIEWING, READING AND RESPONDING 36
  3. 3. WRAP IT UP 39 I. ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURES 39 II. E-M@IL 41 III. LETTER 42 IV. ALICE’S SCHEDULE 45 V. CLOZE 47 VI. MY SCHEDULE 48 VII. OFFICIAL SCHOOL CALENDAR 49 VIII.ERROR IDENTIFICATION 49 LANGUAGE REVIEW UNIT I 51 VOCABULARY 52UNIT 2 HOW WAS YOUR VACATION? 53WHAT IT’S ABOUT (COMMUNICATIVE AIMS) 53WORK IT OUT 54 I. RIGHT OR WRONG 55 II. MATCHING 55 III. QUESTION WORDS 56 IV. VERB TENSES 56 V. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE QUIZ 57 VI. PREPOSITIONS AND CONNECTORS 60TRY IT OUT 62 I. PRONUNCIATION 62 II. FAMOUS PERSONAGES 64 III. INFORMATION GAP ACTIVITY 65 IV. QUESTIONS IN PAST – YESTERDAY 67 V. SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES 67 VI. WORD COMPLETION 69 VII. REDUCED FORMS 69POLISH IT UP 71 I. PAST TENSE (REGULAR VERBS) 71 II. PAST TENSE (IRREGULAR VERBS) 72 III. COMPARISONS 75 IV. SUPERLATIVES 77 V. WORD ORDER 78 VI. VIEWING, READING AND RESPONDING 79WRAP IT UP 82 I. WHO AM I? 82 II. FIND SOMEONE WHO 82 III. DICTATION 83 IV. BIOGRAPHY 83 V. A FAMOUS MEXICAN 85 VI. PAST VS. PRESENT 85 VII. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 86 VIII.COMPARISONS 87
  4. 4. IX. CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER 88 X. ERROR IDENTIFICATION 89 LANGUAGE REVIEW UNIT 2 90 VOCABULARY 91UNIT 3 WHAT DO YOU NEED? 92WHAT IT’S ABOUT (COMMUNICATIVE AIMS) 92WORK IT OUT 94 I. RIGHT OR WRONG 94 II. MULTIPLE CHOICE 94 III. MATCHING 95 IV. PAST OR PRESENT 96 V. COMPLAINT (: OR COMPLIMENT :) 96 VI. MATCHING 97 VII. COMBINATION WORDS 98 VIII.VIEWING, READING AND RESPONDING 99TRY IT OUT 102 I. PRONUNCIATION 102 II. SOME / ANY (ORAL PRACTICE) 102 III. DIALOGUE PRACTICE 104 IV. AT THE MARKET 107 V. DICTATION 107 VI. PARAGRAPH COMPLETION 108 VII. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 108 VIII.ORAL PRACTICE 110POLISH IT UP 111 I. SOME VS. ANY 112 II. HOW MUCH?. 112 III. PAST QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 114 IV. WORD ORDER 115 V. WORD FORMATION 116 VI. FAVORS 116 VII. VIEWING, READING AND RESPONDING 118WRAP IT UP 121 I. MEMORY GAME 121 II. HIDDEN WORDS 121 III. WORD ORDER 122 IV. PICTURE STORY 122 V. ERROR IDENTIFICATION 125 VI. CAMPING OUT 126 VII. DICTATION 127 VIII.PLANNING 127 IX. ITOLIONI’S OR CHATO’S 129 LANGUAGE REVIEW UNIT 3 132 VOCABULARY 133
  5. 5. EXTRA ACTIVITIES 134UNIT 1 134 I. HALLOWEEN IN THE UNITED STATES VS. THE DAY OF THE DEAD AND ALL SAINTS’ DAY IN MÉXICOUNIT 2 136 II. CHRISTMAS CELEBRATIONS ALL OVER THE WORLDUNIT 3 138 III. HOW DO YOU CELEBRATE YOUR BIRTHDAY?APPENDICES ABC 140APPENDIX A 140 A1. ORDINAL NUMBERS 140 A2. COUNT / NONCOUNT NOUNS 140 A3. THERE IS / THERE ARE 141 A4. QUANTITY EXPRESSIONS: A LOT OF / MANY/ MUCH 142 A5. COMPARISONS 143 A6. SUPERLATIVES 144 A7. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS 144APPENDIX B 145 B1. REGULAR VERBS IN THE PAST TENSE 145 B2. IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PAST TENSE 147 B3. MODAL AUXILIARIES 150 B4. USES OF THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS 151 TENSE (BE + VERB + -ING) B5. FUTURE 152 153APPENDIX C PRONUNCIATION 153 C1. THE ALPHABET 153 C2. PRONUNCIATION 153 C3. PRONUNCIATION CHART 154 TAPESCRIPTS
  6. 6. SOCIAL PRACTICES AND COMMUNICATIVE AIMS PER UNIT UNIT 1 WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DO? SOCIAL PRACTICES COMMUNICATIVE AIMS• Establish and maintain social contacts. • Talk, ask about, and make arrangements to do something.• Exchange personal information. • Talk and ask about holidays, customs and dates in general.• Understand and give information in past situations. • Ask and answer “yes/no” questions about the past.• Exchange personal information. • Talk about things you can or can’t do. • Talk about things you have to do. UNIT 2 HOW WAS YOUR VACATION? SOCIAL PRACTICES COMMUNICATIVE AIMS• Exchange personal information. • Ask and talk about your past.• Exchange non-personal information. • Make comparisons and use superlatives . • Talk about similarities and differences using the present and the past tenses. UNIT 3 WHAT DO YOU NEED? SOCIAL PRACTICES COMMUNICATIVE AIMS• Exchange personal information. • Ask for and give or offer services.• Exchange non-personal information. • Complain about service.• Establish and maintain social contacts. • Apologize.• Understand and give information in past situations. • Ask and talk about past events.
  7. 7. BASIC ENGLISH 3UNIT 1 WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DO?WHAT IT’S ABOUT (COMMUNICATIVE AIMS)• Talk, ask about, and make arrangements to do something.• Talk and ask about holidays, customs and dates in general.• Ask and answer “yes/no” questions about the past.• Talk about things you can or can’t do.• Talk about things you have to do. 1.1 Listen and readIt’s Monday, October 31st Juan and Alice are talking at the Language Center. Juan: You’re new here, aren’t you, Alice? Alice: Yeah. This is my first semester at the Language Center. I come from the USA. Juan: Do you study Spanish? Alice: Yes, I do. I want to be a Spanish teacher. How about you, Juan? Juan: I am an elementary school teacher, and I study English and French, too. I like languages very much. Alice: Me too. I am in my 3rd semester of Spanish. Juan: Professor Garrido is your teacher, isn’t he? Alice: Yes, he is. I’m kind of worried about that. Do you know him? Juan: Yes, I do! He is terrific. He was my Spanish Literature teacher. Alice: Isn’t he very strict? Juan: Well yes, he is strict, but he is an excellent teacher. Let’s sit down and talk about his class. Alice: I can’t right now because I have a class, but we can get together tomorrow. Juan: Tomorrow’s November 1st; it’s a holiday. Alice: What do you celebrate? Juan: We celebrate the Day of the Dead. It’s an important Mexican tradition. Alice: Day of the Dead? You mean like Halloween? 9
  8. 8. BASIC ENGLISH 3 Juan: Not exactly. Would you like to go to Mixquic and see the traditional celebration? Alice: That sounds interesting! Juan: Let’s meet here tomorrow afternoon, and I can tell you about Professor Garrido’s course on the way there. Alice: OK. Is 4 o’clock all right? Juan: Sure. Here’s my cell number, in case you can’t get here on time: 044 55 5553-2189. Oh… don’t forget to bring a sweater; it´s cold there in the fall. Alice: Don’t worry. I’ll be on time. See you tomorrow at 4 o’clock. Juan: Okay, bye! WORK IT OUT I. RIGHT OR WRONG A. After listening and reading the conversation, decide if the statements are RIGHT OR WRONG. Mark with an X. RIGHT WRONG 1. Alice isn’t from Mexico. ______ ______ 2. Juan is from the States. ______ ______ 3. Juan teaches languages. ______ ______ 4. Alice is a teacher. ______ ______ 5. Professor Garrido was Juan’s teacher, too. ______ ______ 6. Professor Garrido is really bad. ______ ______ 7. Alice invites Juan to celebrate Halloween. ______ ______ 8. The celebration is probably in the evening. ______ ______ 9. In Mexico, it’s warm at night in the fall. ______ ______ 10. Halloween is the same as the Day of the Dead. ______ ______ B. Now, practice the same conversation with a partner. 10
  9. 9. BASIC ENGLISH 3 II. MULTIPLE CHOICEA. Choose the correct answer to complete the conversation.Alice and Nancy are at the Language Center on Thursday, November 3rd. They are talking about their holidayimpressions. Nancy: Did you have a nice holiday? 1.Alice: a) Oh, yes. It was great. b) It was in Mexico. c) Yes, it was. Nancy: Did you go to Mixquic with Juan? 2.Alice: a) No, he didn’t. He was sick. b) Yes. I did. It was a really interesting experience. c) It was fantastic!.Nancy: Is the Day of the Dead the same as Halloween in the States? 3.Alice: a) Yes, it was really interesting. b) No, they aren’t. They went to a party instead. c) Not really. There were no costumes or “trick or treating”.Nancy: Do you like Halloween? 4.Alice: a) Yes, I do. Especially costume parties and pumpkin! b) That sounds interesting. Maybe I can go next year. c) I didn’t like it. It was a terrible movie. Oh…today is Thursday, isn’t it? I have a class at 11.Nancy: 5.Alice: Me too. By the way, do we have to enroll for next semester after Christmas vacation? a) No, I can’t. I have to go to the dentist. b) No, we don’t. I think December 10th is the enrollment. c) No, I don’t. I can check it on the Internet.Nancy: 6.Alice: Oh…isn’t December 10th the date the OFUNAM performs at the Language Center? a) You’re all right, b) You’re fine, c) Yes, it is, … but the concert is at 8 p.m., after we enroll. We have to buy our tickets soon, don’t we?Nancy: Alice: Yeah, let’s buy them next week. And let’s invite Juan! Sure, that’s a great idea!. B. 1.2 Listen and check your answers. 11
  10. 10. BASIC ENGLISH 3 III. SENTENCE COMPLETION Use the words in the box to complete the sentences. on November 1st at 8:00 on Tuesday in December in the fall at 11:00 1. People in Mexico celebrate the Day of the Dead . 2. The weather in Mexico City is cool . 3. Juan and Alice were in Mixquic . 4. Nancy and Alice have a class . 5. The OFUNAM performs at the Language Center . 6. The concert starts . NOTE: Remember how to use the prepositions IN – ON – AT to talk about time, seasons, days and dates: IN ON AT April / June Monday / 8 o’clock the summer / spring / Thursday midnight / noon 2010 June 24th IV. SHORT ANSWERS Match columns A and B. A B 1. Can you speak French? ____ a) I do too. 2. I love Shakespeare. ____ b) No, he isn’t. He’s a lawyer. 3. Can you meet me tomorrow? ____ c) Yes, I did. 4. Let´s have something to eat. ____ d) Yes, I usually do. 5. Does she have a car? ____ e) No, they don’t. 6. Did you teach English last semester? ____ f) No, I can’t. I have a class. 12
  11. 11. BASIC ENGLISH 3 A B 7. Is he an architect? ____ g) Yes, I am. I’m from Detroit. 8. Do you always read the newspaper? ____ h) Yes, I can. 9. Do they live in an apartment? ____ i) Sure, I’m hungry. 10. You’re American, aren’t you? ____ j) No, she doesn’t. V. FILL IN THE BLANKSUse the words in the box to fill in the blanks with a short answer. you he (2) she (2) it (2) they (2) there are doesn´t are wasn’t weren’t do does did can is 1. Does Alice study English? Yes, 2. Are Juan and Alice friends? Yes, 3. Did Juan study Spanish Literature? Yes, 4. Was Professor Garrido’s class boring? No, 5. Does Alice have to enroll for next semester in January? No, 6. Is the weather cool in Mexico in the fall? Yes, 7. Do Nancy and Alice have a class at 11:00? Yes, 8. Were there jack-o-lanterns in Mixquic? No, 9. Can Juan use a computer? Yes, 10. Am I correct? Yes,RHYME Friday night’s dream, On the Saturday told, Is sure to come true. Be it never so old. 1.3 Listen 13
  12. 12. BASIC ENGLISH 3 VI. DAYS AND MONTHS A. Match the abbreviations with the correct day or B. Now, write the days of the week and the months of month. the year in the correct order. Days of the week DAYS 1. Tues. ____ a) Sunday 2. Wed. ____ b) Saturday 3. Thurs. ____ c) Tuesday 4. Sun. ____ d) Wednesday 5. Sat. ____ e) Monday 6. Mon. ____ f) Thursday 7. Fri. ____g) Friday MONTHS 8. Feb. ____ h) January Months of the year 9. Apr. ____ i) March 10. Jan. ____ j) October 11. Dec. ____ k) February 12. July* ____ l) November 13. June* ____m) September 14. Nov. ____ n) April 15. Mar. ____ o) June 16. Sept. ____ p) July 17. Aug. ____ q) December NOTE: • Remember to write the days of the week and the months of the year with capital letters. • *May, June and July are not usually abbreviated. • In contrast, seasons are never written with capital letters. 14
  13. 13. BASIC ENGLISH 3 VII. SEASONSFill in the blanks with the month that corresponds to the season.Spring begins on ________________ 21st, and ends on ____________________ 20th.Summer begins on ______________ 21st, and ends on ____________________ 20th.Autumn (fall) begins on ___________ 21st, and ends on ____________________ 20th.Winter begins on ________________ 21st, and ends on ____________________ 20th. NOTE: Remember that the order of numbers in dates in English is different. For example: 5 / 1 / 11 means May 1st, 2011 Also, when saying the dates orally, you must use ordinal numbers. PROVERB A friend in need is a friend indeed. Every time Betty had a problem, Sophie was always by her side. That’s when she understood that “a friend in need is a friend indeed”.RHYME Shoe a little horse, Shoe a little mare, But let the little colt, Go bare, bare, bare. 1.4 Listen 15
  14. 14. BASIC ENGLISH 3 TRY IT OUT I. PRONUNCIATION Remember that in English there are two general categories of words: content words and function words. In spoken English, content words are stressed and function words are often reduced. Listen to the following sentences and repeat them. Underline the content words. 1. Let’s go to the library with him after lunch. 2. Do you want to have lunch with us after class? 3. Can you pick us up at the bookstore tomorrow? 4. Juan can’t photocopy the papers because he has to go to his Japanese class. 5. You’re an English teacher, aren’t you? 6. Mary is about to have a breakdown because she has an exam today. 7. I’m excited because I am going to travel to Canada in the winter. 8. Please, don’t answer your phone in my class. 9. We will hand in the final paper on Thursday. 10. Did you attend the lecture last week? 1.5 Listen II. DATES TO REMEMBER With a partner, ask and answer questions about holidays, birthdays and other important events. Follow the example. When’s Christmas Day? It’s on When’s Independence Day? It’s on When’s your favorite cousin’s birthday? It’s on When’s your final exam? It`s in / on Ask and answer some other questions. 16
  15. 15. BASIC ENGLISH 3 THINK Can you complete the sentences with “in” or “on”? April’s Fool is _____ April. It’s _____ April 1st. It’s _____ the spring. In Mexico, it’s celebrated ______ December 28th. III. FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER BULLETIN BOARD Don’t miss CARMEN OPERA Coming soon to the FLC in Three Acts 1 night only November 8th, 7:30 p.m. Buy tickets in advance. Library hours Open: 9 am - 8 pm Closed: Sundays & holidaysAsk and answer questions about the information on the bulletin board with one or two other students. 17
  16. 16. BASIC ENGLISH 3 Follow the examples. When is (Carmen,the food fest)? on November 8th. Where can you (get a pen, print your papers)? It’s in December. What time is (the bookstore, the library) open? at 2 p.m. Every single day. Every Friday. From 3 p.m .to 6 p.m. IV. CULTURAL CENTER BULLETIN BOARD In room 1009. Look at this bulletin board with a partner. Make arrangements to do something together. Accept and / or refuse the invitation. Musical “Beauty and the t Environm cer Beast” e z con Movie F ntal Jaz estival Cultural Center 9th 1 week o ber 2 January 8th, 15th, 22nd, 29th f mo vies for .N ovem . 8:30 p.m. nature lo vers Mon 6 p.m sion February is Admission 6th to 10 adm 1 to 3 p.m th Free $100 (teachers and students) . $200 (public) Piñata Making Photograph exhibition rform ing Workshop t pe sic Balle Ju liet” eo and “Landscapes of the Clas Cultural Center world” “Rom December ky ikovs Fridays: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. . Tcha . Silvestre Revueltas Show iotr I .m Ask for necessary material. By P riday 8 p um Room F Aud itori Dec. 2010 to March 2011 Main ets $200 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tick 18
  17. 17. BASIC ENGLISH 3A. Accept an invitation.Student 1:Would you like toDo you want to listen to a Jazz concert on November 29th?Can you Let’s go to a Jazz concert on November 29th.Student 2: Of course! Sure. It sounds great! Okay.B. Refuse an invitation.Student 1:Why don’t weShall we attend the photograph exhibition?What if we Let’s go to the photograph exhibitionStudent 2:Oh, gee! I (just) can’t, study for an exam.I’m (terribly) sorry, but I have to attend the photograph exhibition. help Alice with her homework. What if we study for the exam instead? Note: Sentences with “Let’s” are not questions. They are suggestions. 19
  18. 18. BASIC ENGLISH 3 V. COMING EVENTS Listen to the announcements about the coming events at school. Complete the chart and compare your answers with a partner. EVENT OR ACTIVITY PLACE DAY / TIME COST 1. 2. 3. 1.6 Listen VI. FILL IN THE BLANKS A. Listen to the text and fill in the blank spaces with the word or words you hear. Mixquic: the Day of the Dead and All Saints’ Day in Mexico In Mexico on the first two days of November, the dead are remembered in (1)___________special celebration which is one (2)_____________most hallowed traditions (3)_____________ Mexican culture. (4) _____________, a series of unique events are held in several (5)_______________ of the country to commemorate (6)______________ members who have passed away. In the area of Tlahuac, (7)_____________ instance, the little town of Mixquic holds (8)____________most outstanding and emotional celebrations on the (9)_________________ Dead. Preparation for the festivity (10)____________ towards the end of October, (11)____________ the relatives of the dead work on the (11)_____________ offerings they will give to the souls (13)___________ departed. By the first of November, the altars at the former (14)____________ of the dead will display images of patron saints, photographs of (15)___________ in the family who are dead, flowers, 20
  19. 19. BASIC ENGLISH 3fruits, ‘’pan de muerto’’ ( (16) ____________ for the dead), sugar skulls, and the (17)____________ foods ofthe beloved relatives who are now gone. A candle is lit (18) ____________ soul. Then, as the traditionteaches, (19)______________ sun passes through the zenith, all the souls return (20)__________ and totheir old homes, to which (21)______________ guided by the (22)______________ of their favorite dishes.To make their brief (23)_______________ even more pleasant, the souls of (24)_____________ are offeredtoys, while for the elderly (25)______________ ‘’pulque’’ or ‘’aguardiente’’. Taken and adapted from: http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/2826-mixquic-the-day-of- the-dead-and-the-day-of-all-saints-in-mexico. Use this link to get more information. 1.7 Listen VII. SCHOOL DIRECTORYLook at the following directory to be able to do the exercise below. ROOM Library 104 Cafeteria 106 Student Lounge 207 Auditorium 201 OFFICES Director’s Office 300 Business Office 301 Student Office 302 Admissions Office 305 Language Laboratory 304 CLASSROOMS English I 303 English II 306 English III 309 English IV 307 Resource Center 308 21
  20. 20. BASIC ENGLISH 3 A. Short answers to “yes-no” questions. With a partner, make up “yes-no” questions and answer with short answers. Refer to the Directory above. Example: a) Is room 304 the Admissions Office? b) No, it isn’t. a) Is room 306 an English classroom? b) Yes, it is. B. According to the school directory information, answer the questions below. Example: a) What’s room 305? b) It’s the Admissions Office. a) What’s room 303? b) It’s an English classroom. It’s the English classroom. 1. What’s room 201? __________________________________ 2. What’s room 307? __________________________________ 3. What’s room 304? __________________________________ 4. What’s room 309? __________________________________ 5. What’s room 308? __________________________________ C. Short dialogs With a partner and using the directory, make short dialogs. Use ordinal numbers “first, second and third”. Example: a) Where’s the library? b) It’s on the first floor. 22
  21. 21. BASIC ENGLISH 3 VIII. LANGUAGE ABBREVIATIONSWhen people text or e-mail, they frequently use abbreviations. Work with a partner to find out the missinginformation. Student A looks at Part 1; student B looks at Part 2. Remember to spell the letters of theabbreviations.Ask and answer questions like these: a) What does AFAIK mean? b) It means as far as I know. or b) What is ASAP? a) It is as soon as possible. Student A 1. AFAIK __________________________________ ASAP As soon as possible 2. BBL __________________________________ BRB Be right back 3. BTW __________________________________ DIY Do it yourself 4. FYI __________________________________ IDK I don’t know 5. IMO __________________________________ NIM Not in the mood 6. NP __________________________________ OMG Oh, my God Student B 1. ASAP __________________________________ AFAIK As far as I know 2. BRB __________________________________ BBL Be back later 3. DIY __________________________________ BTW By the way 4. IDK __________________________________ FYI For your information 5. NIM __________________________________ IMO In my opinion 6. OMG __________________________________ NP No problem 23
  22. 22. BASIC ENGLISH 3 PROVERB Marry in haste, repent at leisure. My mother told me to think about getting married before accepting the ring. She said, “Marry in haste, repent at leisure!” RHYME I sing, I sing, Donkey, donkey, old and gray, From morn till night; Open your mouth and gently bray; From cares I’m free, Lift your ears and blow your horn, And my heart is light. To wake the world this sleepy morn. 1.8 Listen IX. FREQUENCY 100% 80% ALWAYS 50% USUALLY SOMETIMES 10% HARDLY EVER 0% NEVER A. Fill in the chart writing down the frequency you do these household chores. At the bottom of the chart, add four more common household activities. 24
  23. 23. BASIC ENGLISH 3 YOU PARTNER RICARDO IRMACookClean upGo shoppingWash the clothesWash the carDo the dishesIron the clothesWork in the gardenTake out the garbageWatch TV B. When you finish, interview a partner about his / her activities and write down their answers on the chart. Look at the example: a) How often do you cook? b) Never, but I always clean up.C. Now, listen and fill in the chart for Ricardo and his wife Irma. 1.9 Listen D. Finally, with a partner and using the previous information about Ricardo and Irma, ask and answer questions about them. Follow the examples. (About Irma) a) How often does she cook? b) She always prepares dinner. (About Ricardo) a) How often does he go shopping? b) He never goes shopping. Note: Remember that the frequency adverbs go before most verbs; but they always go after the verb “to be”. Example: a) How often do you cook? b) I never cook. I am always too busy. 25
  24. 24. BASIC ENGLISH 3 POLISH IT UP I. PREPOSITIONS OF TIME AND PLACE Remember that the prepositions in, on and at can be used to indicate time or place. PREPOSITIONS OF TIME Times of the day: in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening. Months: May, June, July, etc. Years: 1999, 2007, 2011, etc. Seasons: the spring/spring, the summer/summer, etc. in Centuries: the 21st century, the 18th century, etc. A period of time: in my life, in my schooldays, etc. A state or condition: I’m in love. With the word “time”: in time. Weekdays: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, on Saturday morning, etc. Dates: November 4th, May 15th, etc. on Specific dates: Christmas, Thanksgiving Day, etc. Specific expressions: on vacation, on holidays, on the weekend/weekends, etc. With the word “time”: on time. Hour: at six o´clock, at half past seven, etc. at Specific expressions: at night, at noon, at dawn, at midday, at lunchtime, and at midnight. PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE Enclosed space or places like rooms, buildings, towns, countries, continents: in in the kitchen, in Paris, in America, etc. Streets and avenues: on Dickson St., on Central Ave., on Plymouth St., etc. on Surfaces or levels: on the ocean, on the table, on the third floor, etc. To mean next to or by an object: at the door. Addresses: at 55 Charles St. at Places in a city/town. We can mean inside or outside a place: at the movies, at the bank, at the mall, etc. Specific expressions as: at home, at school and at work. Note: As you noticed, in English, the prepositions on, in, and at can be used to talk about time or places. In Spanish, most of the time we use the preposition “en”. So, remember to use the proper English prepositions in each case. 26
  25. 25. BASIC ENGLISH 3A. Fill in the blanks writing the correct number to B. Complete the paragraphs using the prepositions complete the expressions. in, on or at. _____the afternoon 1. Suzy lives _____ a small town near _____night Mexico city. She goes to work every day _____the morning and she wakes up _____ 7:30 a.m. _____ _____Monday night the morning, she has breakfast and _____vacation watches the morning news. Suzy and her _____weekends boyfriend usually meet _____ the mall to 1. in _____5:30 eat out. Carlos lives _____ the fifth floor 2. on _____the stadium of a huge apartment near downtown. _____Mexicali He works _____ a big office where he 3. at _____lunchtime designs video games. _____The United States _____work _____my birthday 2. Joseph lives _____ Fayetteville, a small _____the first floor town _____ Arkansas. He and his family _____Germany like relaxing _____ Sunday afternoon after going to the mass. Lindsey is Joseph’s wife, and she loves being _____ the kitchen baking cakes. His daughters are always playing _____ their room. They are a wonderful American family.C. Listen and check the answers you gave. 1.10 ListenD. Complete the sentences using in, on or at in the space provided. 1. Alice’s family lives ________ Texas. 2. Juan lives ________ University Ave. 3. Nancy lives _______ 345 Central Ave. 4. Alice’s birthday is ________ December 20th. 5. Nancy was born ________ 1991. 6. Juan has a class ________7 a.m. 7. They have English classes ________ the new school. 8. The U2 concert is ________ October. 9. My favorite holiday is ________ the summer. 10. How cold is Paris ________ winter? With a classmate, talk about all the things you usually do in each month of the year. Your teacher will ask some of you to present your conversation to the whole class. 27
  26. 26. BASIC ENGLISH 3 II. PRONUNCIATION: CAN VS. CAN’T In spoken English, the sound /a/ in can is very short (unstressed); in contrast, the same sound /a/ in can’t is very long (stressed), and the final –t is not pronounced. So, to distinguish the difference between can or can’t in spoken English, we have to hear how the vowel sound is pronounced. A. Put a check mark (4) on the left of the sentence you hear. o I can go to the concert. o I can’t go to the concert. o She can speak Italian. o She can’t speak Italian. o Can you play chess? o Can’t you play chess? o We can buy the books at the library. o We can’t buy the books at the library. 1.11 Listen B. Listen to the following sentences and decide if they are positive or negative by writing a check mark (4) in the space provided. NUMBER AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE NUMBER AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE 1. 6. 2. 7. 3. 8. 4. 9. 5. 10. 1.12 Listen C. Complete the sentences with can or can’t. Use the information about your own life. I __________________ play basketball very well. I ___________________ play chess. I __________________ cook a meal for ten people. I ___________________ swim. I __________________ speak Japanese quite well. I ___________________ fix computers. I __________________ play the keyboard. I ___________________ program in my computer. I __________________ climb a tree. I ___________________ juggle. 28
  27. 27. BASIC ENGLISH 3 D. Go around the classroom and ask your classmates questions with can. Use the samples given in the previous exercise. Example: a) Can you play basketball? b) Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. Keep a record of the number of classmates that answer with can, and the ones that answer with can’t.E. Use an appropriate form of can (affirmative, negative, or question) followed by a verb from the box. remember / close / speak / borrow / smoke / go / come / talk / understand / 1. I ________ only _____________ a little English. 2. ________ I _____________ your car this afternoon? 3. ________ you _____________ to my party next Saturday night? 4. I ________ _____________ your name. I’m sorry. 5. You _______ ____________ in class if there is a “no smoking” rule. 6. She doesn’t have a lot of money, so she________ _____________ to Las Vegas this year. 7. ________ you _____________ the window? It’s awfully cold in here. 8. Mute people can see, but they ________ _____________. 9. Lady Gaga ________ _____________ very well. She has a beautiful voice. 10. ______ you ______________ the teacher? She speaks too quickly for me. III. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSComplete the sentences or questions using simple present or simple past with the correct form of the verbsgiven.1. She ________ (go) to the movies every Friday. 9. We ________ (have) to study for the exam, but I2. I ____________ (not go) to the party because I didn’t. was really sick. 10. Many people ____________ (not like) to go to3. I ____________ (not watch) TV. I prefer reading work by car. a good book. 11. Mark and Jane ____________ (not be) at the4. What ________ you ________ (do) in the party because they weren’t invited. evenings? 12. ________ (be) he sick yesterday?5. Thomas and Kathy __________ (not do) their 13. ________ you ________ (play) soccer with my homework. They are kind of lazy.6. Leslie ________ (be) always at home after 6 p.m. brother two days ago? Call her up! 14. ________ she ________ (cook) everyday?7. The party ________ (be) extremely boring 15. ________ your granny ________ (take) care of yesterday. Nobody arrived early and I got bored. you while your parents work?8. ________ you ________ (know) how to fix a computer, because I need help. 29
  28. 28. BASIC ENGLISH 3 IV. “WH” QUESTIONS OR INFORMATION QUESTIONS Remember that this kind of questions is the one made with words like: when (time / date), how (manner), who (person), where (place), which (when you choose or talk about one person or thing among others), how often (frequency), how long (duration), what (information about a specific thing), what time (minute, hour), etc. • The way you can order the words in a “WH” question is as follows: Where is your house? The verb “to be” is used as the main verb. What do you like? If the verb “to be” is not used, then we need What does she like? the auxiliary do or does. Note Notice the following: If you ask a question that needs a “yes or no” answer, you don’t use a question word (“WH”). Is this your house? Yes, it is. Do you live in this house? Yes, I do. But, when you use a “Wh” question, you will get information, and not just a yes / no answer. Where do you live? I live in Durango. Which one is your house? It’s the red one. A. Make logical questions or answers according to the information provided. Example: Where do they live? They live in Switzerland. Where do they live? They live in Switzerland. QUESTIONS: ANSWERS: 1._______________________________________? 6: What does Luis do? I usually wake up at 7 o’clock in the morning. _____________________________________ 2._______________________________________? 7: When is your graduation party? I want to go! Mike always goes to Cuernavaca on weekends. _____________________________________ 3._______________________________________? 8. How often do you work out? Ed’s birthday is on November 4th. _____________________________________ 4. _______________________________________? 9: Where does Lorena live? They work at the Anglo teaching English. _____________________________________ 5: _______________________________________? 10. What is your mother like? The play starts at 8 p.m. _____________________________________ 30
  29. 29. BASIC ENGLISH 3 B. With a classmate, ask and answer questions about your everyday life. You can use: Where do you live? Where did you study? Where do you work? How often do you go to parties? • Use more questions and have a nice and interesting conversation. Example: a) How often do you go to the movies? b) I go to the movies every weekend. a) Really? And what kind of movies do you like? Etc. PROVERBIf the shoe fits, wear it. John: Nobody likes people who have bad table manners. Peter: Are you talking about me? John: No! But, if the shoe fits, wear it. 31
  30. 30. BASIC ENGLISH 3 V. WORD ORDER Put the words in the correct order to form sentences or questions. 1. do / watch / how / you / T.V. / often /? _________________________________________________________________ 2. a / can / father / drive / car / your/ ? _________________________________________________________________ 3. to / do/ want / go / Acapulco / you / to / ? _________________________________________________________________ 4. have / study / we / the / to / for / exam / history /. _________________________________________________________________ 5. when / you / did / to / the / last / go / United States / ? _________________________________________________________________ 6. George / plan / I / to / meet / at / the / cafeteria /. _________________________________________________________________ 7. Dr. Almeida / an / teacher / was / excellent /. _________________________________________________________________ 8. Mary / to / does / have / for / enroll / class / aerobics / her / ? _________________________________________________________________ 9. hardly / she / night / watches / at / ever / T.V. __________________________________________________________________ 10. work / when / go / she / does / to / ? __________________________________________________________________ RHYME Twelve pairs hanging high, Twelve knights riding by, Each knight took a pear, And yet left a dozen there. 1.13 Listen 32
  31. 31. BASIC ENGLISH 3 VI. DATES See A – 1 A. With a partner practice saying these dates, then write them out in the spaces provided. 06 / 13 / 1983 = 10 / 05 / 1970 = 04 / 16 / 2005 = 12 / 08 / 1740 = 03 / 03 / 1500 = 10 / 09 / 1978 = 10 / 12 / 1535 = 11 / 04 / 1978 = 06 / 27 / 1980 = 07 / 04 / 1785 = 12 / 19 / 1971=B. Write the correct date of these important celebrations. Look at the example given.When is your mother’s birthday?When is Teacher’s Day?When is Mother’s Day?When is Saint Valentine’s Day?When is Christmas?When is Children’s Day?When do we celebrate Labor Day?When do Mexicans celebrate the Day of the Dead? 33
  32. 32. BASIC ENGLISH 3 VII. VERB FORMS A. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb. This is a conversation between Juan and Nancy taking place in a café. Remember to use do, does or did to form questions or negatives. Hi, Nancy! _________ you _________ (go) to Michoacán with Pedro and Sara for Juan: the Day of the Dead? No, I _________. I _________ _________ (not feel) well on Monday night, so, I Nancy: _________ (not go) with them. I’m sorry you ________ (not go). Michoacán _________ (be) a beautiful Juan: place to visit. My family _________ (live) in Morelia. Really? Well, maybe I can _________ (go) next year. _________ you and Nancy: Alice __________ (have) a nice time in Mixquic? Oh, yeah. It _________ (be) a really interesting experience for both of us. Juan: _________ you _________ (watch) the celebration on TV at home? Nancy: No, I never _________ (watch) TV because I _________ (not have) one. Juan: What _________ you _________ (do) in your free time? Well, I like __________ (play) tennis and sometimes I __________ (play) the Nancy: guitar with friends. Juan: Sara _________ (play) the guitar, _________ (tag question) she? Yes, but she _________ (live) on the other side of the city. It _________ (be) Nancy: difficult for us to get together. Juan: _________ Sara _________ (have) a car? No, and I don’t either. I usually _________ (take) the bus or the subway Nancy: and she _________ (affirmative), too. By the way, _________ you _________ (buy) your tickets for the Juan: Madonna concert in January at Metropolitan Theater? No, but we can _________ (get) them this week if Alice’s parents Nancy: _________ (send) her some money. Juan: Yeah. She has _________ (pay) tuition, board and room, too! That _________ (be) right, but the concert tickets are more important. First Nancy: things first JUAN! B. Now, practice the previous conversation with a classmate. 34
  33. 33. BASIC ENGLISH 3PROVERB A little knowledge is a dangerous thing. I don’t think you know enough about money investment, and a little knowledge can be a dangerous thing. Before investing your money, it would be a good idea to get some advice. No man is an island. You need to go out, make friends and forget your problems. Remember, “No man is an island.” 35
  34. 34. BASIC ENGLISH 3 VIII. VIEWING, READING AND RESPONDING A. Read the following text: “SCHOOL, COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY” (1) In the United States, the word “school” describes any Bachelor’s Degree and graduate degrees such as Master’s place where people learn. You can call a college a “school”. (M.A.) and Ph.D. (doctorate). A university usually offers You can even call a university a “school”. You can use the graduate programs both in professional fields such as word “school” for any English language institute, engineering and in academic subjects such as English graduate program, or secondary (“high”) school. literature. (2) College or university follows after high school, or (5) You can earn a Bachelor’s Degree at either a college or secondary school. A college in the U.S.A. is not a high a university. However, students in the U.S.A. prefer to use school. College and university programs begin in the the word “college” rather than the word “university” when thirteenth year of school, when a student is 17 or 18 years they talk about the four-year undergraduate program and old or older. the Bachelor’s Degree. They say “going to college” and “a college degree” when they talk about undergraduate (3) A two-year or “junior” college offers an Associate programs at either a college or a university. Degree. A four-year college or university offers a Bachelor’s Degree. Programs that offer these degrees (6) Most “colleges” are separate schools. They are not are called “undergraduate” programs or “undergraduate” located in a university. Some colleges are part of a schools. university and are located on the university campus (the “campus” is the school buildings and surrounding area). A (4) A “university” is a group of schools for studies after few colleges offer graduate programs in selected subjects. high school. At least one of these schools is a college Usually, however, it is universities that offer graduate where students receive a Bachelor’s Degree. programs. So, Americans use the word “university” and The other schools in a university are “graduate” (also not “college” when they talk about graduate study. known as “postgraduate”); schools where students receive advanced degrees. Therefore, a university offers both the 36
  35. 35. BASIC ENGLISH 3A. Which paragraph gives you information about the following topics? TOPIC NUMBER OF PARAGRAPH BA degree = college degree = undergraduate degree Universities and graduate schools Junior colleges and undergraduate schools College versus high school Definition of “school” Definition of “campus”B. Can you describe the following concepts using your own words? SCHOOL DESCRIPTION Junior college College University BA degree MA degree Ph.D. CampusC. Decide if the following statements are true or false.The BA program usually takes two years to finish. T FAn elementary school can be called a college. T FA college degree is the same as an undergraduate degree. T FStudents begin college when they are 17 or 18. T FA college doesn’t usually give graduate degrees. T FUniversities can give Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degrees and Doctorates. T F 37
  36. 36. BASIC ENGLISH 3 D. What can you do well? There are a lot of things that you can do well. You know these things so well that you can teach them to other people. Tell a classmate all the things you do well, and ask about the things he / she can do well. Your teacher will ask some of you to present your conversation to the whole class. PROVERB “He who would the daughter win, must with the mother first begin!” A smart move is to give flowers to your girlfriend’s mother, because, he who would the daughter win, must with the mother begin! RHYME Blow, wind, blow! And go, mill go! That the miller may grind his corn; That the baker may take it, And into bread make it, And bring us a loaf in the morn. 1.14 Listen 38
  37. 37. BASIC ENGLISH 3WRAP IT UP I. ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURESA. Match the activity on the left with the procedure on the right. ACTIVITY LETTER PROCEDURE a) First, follow the same steps for sending an e-mail. Then, before clicking the “send” button, click on the “attach files” button. This will show the files you have in the1. Taking a test word processor; choose and click the one you need to send and the “attach” button. The file will appear already attached. Finally, click on the “send” button. ____2. Checking out a book from the b) First, pick up your pencil. Then, follow the instructions and library fill out the form. After you finish, hand in the form. ____ c) First, pick out a book. Next, take it to the person at the3. Writing an e-m@il desk and show your I.D. Two weeks later, return the book. ____ d) First go into your account; write your user’s name and password. Then, check your mail by clicking the inbox section. Once you do this, click on “New”, which is where4. Filling out a form you can compose a new message. Insert the address and the subject of the message. Once you write the message you can click on “send”. ____ e) First, write the date on the top right hand corner. Then, on the left, write “Dear” and the name of the person you are5. Writing a letter writing to, and below that write the message. At the end, sign your name. ____ f) First, write your name, the date and your group number at6. Browsing the Web the top of the paper. Then, look at the exam and follow the instructions. When you finish, hand in your exam. ____ g) First, google information by clicking in the site. Then,7. Sending an attachment file via write the information you want in the space given and click e-mail on “Google search”. This usually gives you at least 300,000 results. You can use any language you want. ____ 39
  38. 38. BASIC ENGLISH 3 B. Arrange the procedures for the activities mentioned in the correct order. How to cook rice ___ Add two cups of rice. ___ Cover the pan. ___ Boil 4 cups of water in a saucepan. ___ Simmer the rice gently for 20 minutes or until the water has been absorbed and the rice is cooked. ___ Boil rice quickly for 2 minutes. How to make scrambled eggs ___ Melt a tablespoon of margarine in a frying pan. ___ Stir the egg mixture until it’s cooked and then, serve. ___ Break 2 eggs in a bowl and mix them with salt, pepper and a little milk. ___ Pour the egg mixture into the frying pan. 40
  39. 39. BASIC ENGLISH 3C. Now, write a paragraph for each recipe, using the time sequence words: first, next, then, after that and finally. HOW TO COOK RICE HOW TO MAKE SCRAMBLED EGGS II. E-M@IL A. Let’s have a conversation! With a classmate, ask and answer the following questions: Do you use the Internet? How often do you write e-mails? What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Net (Internet)? Do you have a Social Net account?B. Read the E-mail Alice sent to her parents; then, complete the sentences below. ahudson@mail.com, rrobinson@mail.com Hi!!! Dear Mom and Dad, I have no time, but I urgently need money. My tuition, room and board are $500. Could you please send it before New Year’s Eve? I’ll send a letter soon. Alice 41
  40. 40. BASIC ENGLISH 3 3. “before New Year’s Eve” means: 1. “I urgently need money” means: a) on December 30th a) Alice doesn’t need money. b) on January 1st b) Alice’s parents need money. c) on December 31st c) Alice needs money immediately. 2. “My tuition, room and board are $500” means: 4. “I’ll send a letter soon” means: a) Alice needs $500 to pay for her school and a) Alice plans to write a letter to her parents accommodations. soon. b) Alice wants to buy a blackboard for her b) Alice wants her parents to write. room. c) Alice’s parents have to send a letter with the c) The university tuition is $500 per semester. money. III. LETTER A. Complete Alice’s letter to her parents with one of the alternatives given below. 42
  41. 41. BASIC ENGLISH 3 a) like to read the newspaper a) they are kind of difficult 1) b) was really busy last week 2) b) we have good teachers c) always get up at 6 o’clock c) I like them a) don’t study a) a nice 3) b) have to study 4) b) holiday c) let’s study c) beautiful a) you can see the Popocateptl a) they are beautiful 5) b) I have to study 6) b) is very good c) there is a lot of smog c) it’s really nice a) I have a friend a) Let’s go on Tuesday 7) b) it was a holiday 8) b) was in Mixquic c) There are places in Mexico c) were there on Nov. 2B. Now complete this letter from Nancy to her parents.C. Write a similar letter to a friend. Write a full description of your daily activities. Include a past event you really enjoyed. 43
  42. 42. BASIC ENGLISH 3 NOTE: We begin writing informal letters with the date on the top right. Then, we greet the person, and we start writing as in a conversation. But, paragraphs and punctuation have to be very well taken care of. Take a good look at where commas are placed: the date, the greeting, and the closing. Take another look at where periods are placed: all of them end a sentence or a combination of sentences that are joined by a connector. D. When you join two complete sentences, you have to use a semi-colon (;) or a comma and a connector. Join the following sentences with punctuation and / or connector. If necessary, use pronouns to avoid redundancy. Example: John likes cars. Mark likes trucks. John likes cars; Mark likes trucks. John likes cars, but Mark likes trucks. Connectors: but (2), and, because, so 1. My house is red. Peter likes my house. 2. I’ll marry David. I love him. 3. I want a sandwich. I don’t want a pizza. 4. I walk. I see. I hear. 5. He’s a good boy. He’ll have a good life. PROVERB Beware of Greeks bearing gifts. You shouldn’t trust everybody. “Beware of Greeks bearing gifts.” 44
  43. 43. BASIC ENGLISH 3 IV. ALICE’S SCHEDULEA. Alice has a busy schedule this week. Work with a partner. Student (A) looks at Schedule 1; Student (B) looks at Schedule 2. Ask and answer questions about Alice’s activities. Follow the example. Example: Student a) What does Alice have to do on Thursday evening? Student b) She has to cook dinner at home.Schedule 1 TIME Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Jog with Nancy Literature class Sculpture class Yoga class 8:30 Morning Sport club Room 9011 Cultural Center GYM 8 a.m. 9 a.m. 11 a.m. Library – look Hand in essay for info with by Afternoon Nancy for final 4 p.m. project 1 p.m. Drinks with Cook dinner at Evening friends @Blue home 6 p.m. bar 9 p.m.Schedule 2 TIME Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Spanish exam Morning 10 a.m. Room 714 Have lunch with Meet Sara to Write essay on Rich Afternoon talk to Professor Russian Culture downtown Redgrave and Customs 2 p.m. Lecture on Fine Arts Palace Celebrate dynamics in “Austrian Arthur’s B’day Evening language Children Choir” The Martini Pub teaching 7 30 p.m. 9 30 p.m. 5 p.m. 45
  44. 44. BASIC ENGLISH 3 B. Write ten questions referring to Schedules 1 and 2, using the question words Where? What time? When? Also use the expression “have to”. Example: Where does Alice have to go on Monday morning? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. C. Now look at Alice’s weekend schedule. Work with a classmate, and use the chart to ask and answer questions about what Alice does on weekends. Example: a) Does Alice get up early on Saturday mornings? b) Yes, she sometimes gets up early on Saturday mornings. Always = A Usually = U Sometimes = S Hardly ever = H Never = N goes to goes out gets up goes to watches goes to goes to goes to plays works Time early bed late TV a movie a play a concert tennis the with studies out library friends Mornings S N H A Afternoons U A H Evenings A A N Mornings N U H U U Afternoons S N H Evenings S D. Talk with a classmate about what you both do on your weekends. Your teacher will ask some of you to present your conversation to the whole class. 46
  45. 45. BASIC ENGLISH 3E. Write 5 sentences using information about what you do on your weekends.1. ____________________________________________________________2. ____________________________________________________________3. ____________________________________________________________4. ____________________________________________________________5. ____________________________________________________________ V. CLOZEA. Complete the text about Halloween with words from the box. people receive masks now house shout do play on protect word first see a Around Halloween, jack-o’-lanterns and pictures of witches and ghosts begin to appear in windows of the houses. (1) _________ . Halloween night; you can (2) ______________ children wearing costumes and (3) _______ going from house to (4) _________. They knock on doors, (5) __________“Trick or Treat 

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