Madagascar. Scalin up micro-irrigation
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Madagascar. Scalin up micro-irrigation. Andriamanalina Raharinjatovo Fenomanantsoa, Project coordinator, Agriculturalists and Veterinaries without Frontiers. Furthering water cooperation in rural......

Madagascar. Scalin up micro-irrigation. Andriamanalina Raharinjatovo Fenomanantsoa, Project coordinator, Agriculturalists and Veterinaries without Frontiers. Furthering water cooperation in rural areas. Making it happen! International Annual UN-Water Zaragoza Conference 2012/2013. Preparing for the 2013 International Year. Water Cooperation: Making it Happen! 8-10 January 2013

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  • 1. Madagascar3rd world bigger Island (587 000 km2)Member of SADC, COMESA and COI22 millions of habitants - 3 millions of agricultural households (rural)Agricultural sector : 26 % GDP in 2011 vs 36 % in 2005Important rural poverty/food insecurity due to the lack of policies of frameworks Important water waste in agriculture (manual watering : 22m3/100 sqm – 40 to 80 m3/household/year – vegetable) despite the growing water pressure and water conflicts at local/national
  • 2. Scampis (2009 – 2012) - Implementation by AVSF NGOStrategy : creation and strengthening of supply chain of materials adapted to the local context MANUFACTURER S3 1 TechnicalPartnership Accompaniment of RETAILERS partnershipMINISTRIES/REGIONS Strategy marketigMEDIA COMMERCIALAgricultural Services TECHNICIANSCenterProgram/projects,NGO , Farmers Ass. • warness/marketing • Technical assistanceContract Farming  Technical supportCompanies 2Subsidy policy BENEFICIARIES DEMONSTRATION Training PLOTS exchanges
  • 3.  3 manufacturers + 60 retailers + 120 technicians  10 000 families (4 500 with other IFAD projects):  110 000 m3, water & 270 000 € income  A growing interest and commitment of actors  13 regions/22 concerned Time and energy saved for other activities (+ education) Ability of extension of cultivated land and reduction of the welding time and risk of decapitalization Most nutrition quality and reduction of vulnerability to disease.
  • 4. Partnership with Lecofruit Contract farming Company : supplying inputs and technical support for small farmers11 000 small farmers x 5 Contracts (100 sqm)/year : 55 000 sqm/year : 5 000 T green bean to EuropeTraining team by Scampis and successful test of MISDecision : integration MIS in production process : 1 000 farmers in 2011, 2 000 to 3 000/year 11 000 farmers x 3 cycles :100 sqm : 380 000 m3 water saved/year + Most equity Lecofruit – farmers Sustainable access of means and market (farmers)
  • 5. Main issues/challenges Autonomy of the supply chain by Scaling Up Demand increasing Suppliers reinforced Critical mass of users (150 000 HH – 4 000 x 103 m3 water/year if only 100 sqm/HH)Strategy :Support of supply chain (marketing and D & R)Insertion SMI of food security, improvement of income and Natural Resources ManagementInstitutionalization of SMI (Water Policy, Agricultural Sector
  • 6. Exemple du petit pompage « à moindre coût »En 2010 : Pompe aspirante fabriquéelocalement :(+) profondeur max d’aspiration : 8 m(+) débit : 2 500 – 3 000 litres/heure(-) poids plus faible : 11,5 – 12 kg(-) cylindre en PVC + caoutchouc fondu - pas de rouille - plus de résistance aux chocs - remplacement de la chemise (PVC) par l’utilisateur lui-même(-) prix/producteur (+tuyau):192 000 Ar(-) pièce de rechange locale
  • 7. Merci de votre attention!