Connectors
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  • 1. CONNECTORS
    Englishconnectors: meaning and use
    Ana Moral
  • 2. BASIC VOCABULARY
    Beforewestartwiththelist of connectors, makesureyou are familiar withthefollowingterms:
    • SENTENCE
    • 3. SUBORDINATE CLAUSE
    • 4. NOUN PHRASE
    • SENTENCE (=“oración”)
    A sentenceis a group of wordswhich has at least a SUBJECT and a VERB, and which can stand onitsown – it can beINDEPENDENT:
    • He called
    Sb V
    Allthreeconditionsmustbethere. E.g., ifitcannot stand onitsown, itisnot a sentence:
    • … when he called …
    • 5. … because he called …
    These are NOT sentences; theycan’t stand alone
  • 6.
    • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE (=“oración subordinada”)
    A subordinateclauseis a group of wordswhichalsocontain at least a SUBJECT and a VERB, butwhichcannot stand onitsown – itisDEPENDENT.
    • … because he called
    connectorSb V
    Itneeds a mainclauseto complete itsmeaning. Itisonly a fragmen of a complexsentence:
  • 7.
    • NOUN PHRASE (=“grupo nominal”)
    A phrase (= a group of words) whose head is a NOUN, a PRONOUN, or a GERUND acting as a noun. It can beaccompaniedbydeterminers, adjectivesorothermodifiers, and italwaysfunctions as the SUBJECT orthe OBJECT of a sentence:
    • thesewonderfulactors ….
    determineradjectivenoun (head)
    NounPhrase (NP)
  • 8. TYPES OF CONNECTORS
    CONNECTORS OF ADDITION
    CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST
    CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON
    CONNECTORS OF RESULT
    CONNECTORS OF PURPOSE
    CONNECTORS OF TIME AND SEQUENCE
    CONNECTORS OF SIMILARITY
    CONNECTORS OF OPINION
    CONNECTORS EXPRESSING GENERAL STATEMENTS
    CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A REALITY
    CONNECTORS TO GIVE EXAMPLES
    CONNECTORS TO LIST POINTS
    CONNECTORS EXPRESSING CONCLUSION
  • 9. 1. CONNECTORS OF ADDITION(toaddinformationorpointson a topic)
  • 10. 2. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST(to show opposinginformation)
  • 11. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST(cont.)
  • 12. 3. CONNECTORS OF CAUSE & REASON
  • 13. 4. CONNECTORS OF RESULT
  • 14. 5. CONNECTORS OF PURPOSE(to show finality, intent)
  • 15. 6. CONNECTORS OF TIME & SEQUENCE
  • 16. 6. CONNECTORS OF TIME & SEQUENCE(cont.)
  • 17. 7. CONNECTORS OF SIMILARITY
  • 18. 8. CONNECTORS OF OPINION
  • 19. 9. CONNECTORS INTRODUCING GENERAL STATEMENTS
  • 20. 10. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A REALITY
  • 21. 11. CONNECTORS FOR EXAMPLES
  • 22. 12. CONNECTORS TO LIST POINTS
  • 23. 13. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A CONCLUSION