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Connectors

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  • 1. CONNECTORS<br />Englishconnectors: meaning and use<br />Ana Moral<br />
  • 2. BASIC VOCABULARY<br />Beforewestartwiththelist of connectors, makesureyou are familiar withthefollowingterms:<br /><ul><li> SENTENCE
  • 3. SUBORDINATE CLAUSE
  • 4. NOUN PHRASE</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> SENTENCE (=“oración”)</li></ul>A sentenceis a group of wordswhich has at least a SUBJECT and a VERB, and which can stand onitsown – it can beINDEPENDENT:<br /><ul><li>He called</li></ul>Sb V<br />Allthreeconditionsmustbethere. E.g., ifitcannot stand onitsown, itisnot a sentence:<br /><ul><li>… when he called …
  • 5. … because he called …</li></ul>These are NOT sentences; theycan’t stand alone<br />
  • 6. <ul><li> SUBORDINATE CLAUSE (=“oración subordinada”)</li></ul>A subordinateclauseis a group of wordswhichalsocontain at least a SUBJECT and a VERB, butwhichcannot stand onitsown – itisDEPENDENT.<br /><ul><li> … because he called</li></ul>connectorSb V<br />Itneeds a mainclauseto complete itsmeaning. Itisonly a fragmen of a complexsentence:<br />
  • 7. <ul><li> NOUN PHRASE (=“grupo nominal”)</li></ul>A phrase (= a group of words) whose head is a NOUN, a PRONOUN, or a GERUND acting as a noun. It can beaccompaniedbydeterminers, adjectivesorothermodifiers, and italwaysfunctions as the SUBJECT orthe OBJECT of a sentence:<br /><ul><li>thesewonderfulactors ….</li></ul>determineradjectivenoun (head)<br />NounPhrase (NP)<br />
  • 8. TYPES OF CONNECTORS<br />CONNECTORS OF ADDITION<br />CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST<br />CONNECTORS OF CAUSE AND REASON<br />CONNECTORS OF RESULT<br />CONNECTORS OF PURPOSE<br />CONNECTORS OF TIME AND SEQUENCE<br />CONNECTORS OF SIMILARITY<br />CONNECTORS OF OPINION<br />CONNECTORS EXPRESSING GENERAL STATEMENTS<br />CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A REALITY<br />CONNECTORS TO GIVE EXAMPLES<br />CONNECTORS TO LIST POINTS<br />CONNECTORS EXPRESSING CONCLUSION<br />
  • 9. 1. CONNECTORS OF ADDITION(toaddinformationorpointson a topic)<br />
  • 10. 2. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST(to show opposinginformation)<br />
  • 11. CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST(cont.)<br />
  • 12. 3. CONNECTORS OF CAUSE & REASON<br />
  • 13. 4. CONNECTORS OF RESULT<br />
  • 14. 5. CONNECTORS OF PURPOSE(to show finality, intent)<br />
  • 15. 6. CONNECTORS OF TIME & SEQUENCE<br />
  • 16. 6. CONNECTORS OF TIME & SEQUENCE(cont.)<br />
  • 17. 7. CONNECTORS OF SIMILARITY<br />
  • 18. 8. CONNECTORS OF OPINION<br />
  • 19. 9. CONNECTORS INTRODUCING GENERAL STATEMENTS<br />
  • 20. 10. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A REALITY<br />
  • 21. 11. CONNECTORS FOR EXAMPLES<br />
  • 22. 12. CONNECTORS TO LIST POINTS<br />
  • 23. 13. CONNECTORS EXPRESSING A CONCLUSION<br />

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