Historia de
Mexico I
2º Semestre Bachillerato General
Preparado por C.P.A. Moisés Francisco Hernández Cobos
Bloques Tematicos
• Bloque I. Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el
estudio de la Historia.
–
–
–
–

Historia, teoría de la Historia, his...
• Bloque II. Escuelas de interpretación histórica.
– Identifica y compara las siguientes escuelas de
interpretación histór...
• Bloque III. Poblamiento de América.
– Teorías acerca del poblamiento de América.
• Las científicas: la del origen único ...
• Bloque IV. Procesos del desarrollo cultural de las
sociedades del México antiguo.
–
–
–
–

La etapa lítica y sus período...
• Bloque V. La conquista de México.
– El descubrimiento de América.
– La política colonialista de España y Portugal.
– Eta...
• Bloque VII. Proceso de la Guerra
Independencia.
– Guerra de Independencia de México.

de

• Factores externos e internos...
Historia de México
1
Bloque I. Categorías
teórico-metodológicas
para el estudio de la
Historia.
Historia, teoria de la
historia, historiografia
Teoría de la Historia
• Es el conjunto de las
corrientes que a través del
tiempo
han
pretendido
explicar el devenir de ést...
Teoría de la Historia
• En la mayoría de ocasiones las
teorías de la historia formulan
los principios generales según
los ...
Teoría de la Historia
• Cuando San Agustín
elaboró su teodicea de la
historia afirmaba que
toda la historia de la
humanida...
Teoría de la Historia
• Trece
siglos
más
tarde, Montesquieu, en L’
esprit des lois, buscaba en
los factores geográficos –y...
Teoría de la Historia
• Y cuando en el siglo
XIX, Marx se desmarcaba
de las teorías universalistas
y metafísicas y enuncia...
Teoría de la Historia
• Marrou, sin embargo, entiende
por teoría la posición que
consciente
o
inconscientemente adopta el
...
Historiografía
• Es la historia
historia escrita.

de

la

• Todos los aspectos de la
realidad han evolucionado
a través d...
Historiografía
• Definición del Diccionario de
la REA:
– (De historiógrafo).
– 1. f. Arte de escribir la historia.
– 2. f....
Historiografía
• Investiga
el
proceso
que
se utiliza para
escribir
la
Historia
(metodología).
Polisemia de la historia
Carácter polisémico de la Historia
• La polisemia representa
la
pluralidad
de
significados de una
palabra.

• De ahí que e...
Definiciones de Historia
„ “La reunión de todo el
conocimiento humano a
través del tiempo”
„ “Es
una
forma
de
controlar el...
Definiciones de Historia
• “La
historia, Sancho, emula el
tiempo, es depósito de las
acciones, testigo de lo
pasado, ejemp...
Definiciones de Historia
• “La Historia es la hazaña de
la libertad, y la libertad, la
hazaña de la historia”
– Benedetto ...
Definiciones de Historia
• “La Historia es el testigo de
los tiempos, la luz de la
verdad, la vida de la
memoria, la escue...
Definiciones de Historia
• Por su carácter universal, la
historia está relacionada con
todos los aspectos del
conocimiento...
Herodoto (484 – 425 a.C.)
• Reconocido como “el padre
de la historia”
• Su obra estaba escrita en
dialecto jónico, y más t...
Herodoto (484 – 425 a.C.)
• Calíope, Clío, Talía, Euterpe, Ter
psícore, Melpómene, Erato, Uran
ia y Polimnia. Todas ellas,...
Historia como
realidad
Historia como realidad

Cuando la forma de trabajo de historia
dejó de ser la crónica y se convirtió en
ciencia social, su...
Historia como realidad

Batalla de
Tampico, 1829

La historia estudia y
analiza los hechos
históricos.
Un hecho es algo
qu...
Historia como realidad
La historia necesita de una
metodología
heurística
para
localizar
sus
fuentes,
catalogarlas
y
verif...
Historia como realidad
Lo que no hace la
Historia:
No
predice
el
futuro,
ni
lo
estudia,
ni
lo
adivina.
No
admite
elucubrac...
Categorias
historicas de
espacio, tiempo, es
tructura, duracion
y coyuntura
Para el estudio
de la historia se
toman en cuenta
diversos factores
que
se
concatenan
y
nos presentan el
marco
contextual
...
Espacio
El
espacio,
es
la
extensión
precisa
y
rigurosa
que
se
encuentra dentro y fuera
del
medio
terrestres,
donde
se
llev...
El tiempo para la historia puede ser el inicio
y el fin de algún proceso o momento
histórico.
Según Fernand Braudel existe...
Estructura
Estructura
viene
del latín structūra
que significa orden
y/o acomodamiento
de
diversos
fragmentos dentro
de una...
Duración
Corresponde la duración al tiempo que
dura algo, o al que transcurre entre el
inicio y el final de un proceso.
Se...
Coyuntura

Es lo opuesto a lo estructural, no es
permanente; es dinámico y continuo, ya que
solo se encuentra en un períod...
Actores y
fuentes de la
historia
Historia de Mexico I
Actores de la Historia
• La Historia es la Historia del ser
humano, por ello él es el principal
actor,
pero
también
existe...
Actores de la Historia
• Los
actores
colectivos,
puede
decirse que son los
indígenas que se aliaron
a los españoles, las
d...
Fuentes de la Historia
• Son el material del que parte la
investigación histórica y están
representadas por toda clase de
...
Fuentes de la Historia
• Primarias
directas.Escritas,
como
son:
documentos de archivos de los
personajes;
escritos
en
bibl...
Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia
• Matemáticas.- (del latín mathematĭca, y
éste del griego μαθηματικά, derivado de
μάθημ...
Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia
• Diplomática.- Sirve para determinar
autenticidad de los documentos.

la

• Paleografí...
Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia
• Cartografía.- (del griego chartis = mapa y
graphein = escrito). Nos muestra la forma ...
Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia
• Política.- del griego πολιτικος (pronunciación
figurada:
politikós, «ciudadano», «civ...
Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia
• Antropología.(del
griego
άνθρωπος
anthropos,
'hombre
´(humano)',
y
λογος, logos, 'con...
Historia de
México I
Las divisiones de
la Historia
• Edad antigua Comienza con el
surgimiento de la escritura y
termina con la caída del Imperio
Romano de Occidente en el añ...
• Edad media Comienza en el año
476 d. C. y termina con la invasión
de Constantinopla por los turcos
en el año 1453 d. C.
...
• Edad moderna Comprende del
año 1453 d. C. hasta el año
1789, inicio de la Revolución
Francesa.
• Edad contemporánea Comprende
del el año 1789, inicio de la
Revolución
Francesa
hasta
nuestros días.
Historia Universal
• Es el conjunto de acontecimientos
que muestran el desarrollo de la
humanidad.
• La historia universal...
Historia Nacional
• Es la historia en que se distingue a
las historias particulares de cada
país,
seleccionando
los
aconte...
Microhistoria
• Es el conjunto de narraciones que
se
refieren
a
pequeñas
localidades, de ahí que incluso se
originen como ...
Bibliohemerografía
• Flores Rangel, Juan José (2010); Historia de México 1; 1ª
edición, Cengage Learning, México
• Campa H...
Historia de México I: Bloque I.- Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia
Historia de México I: Bloque I.- Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia
Historia de México I: Bloque I.- Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia
Historia de México I: Bloque I.- Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia
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Historia de México I: Bloque I.- Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia

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  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Historia de México I: Bloque I.- Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia

    1. 1. Historia de Mexico I 2º Semestre Bachillerato General Preparado por C.P.A. Moisés Francisco Hernández Cobos
    2. 2. Bloques Tematicos
    3. 3. • Bloque I. Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia. – – – – Historia, teoría de la Historia, historiografía. Polisemia de la Historia. Historia como realidad. Categorías históricas espacio, tiempo, estructura, duración, coyuntura. – Actores de la Historia. – Fuentes de la Historia . de:
    4. 4. • Bloque II. Escuelas de interpretación histórica. – Identifica y compara las siguientes escuelas de interpretación histórica: • Escuela positivista, • Escuela historicista, • Escuela marxista, • Escuela de los Annales.
    5. 5. • Bloque III. Poblamiento de América. – Teorías acerca del poblamiento de América. • Las científicas: la del origen único y la del origen múltiple. • Las no científicas: mitos y leyendas, origen autóctono y origen africano.
    6. 6. • Bloque IV. Procesos del desarrollo cultural de las sociedades del México antiguo. – – – – La etapa lítica y sus períodos. Áreas geográficas del México Antiguo. Los horizontes culturales de Mesoamérica. Las principales características: espaciales, temporales, sociales, políticas, económicas, relig iosas y culturales de las sociedades del México Antiguo, tales como: • Oasisamérica. • Aridoamérica.
    7. 7. • Bloque V. La conquista de México. – El descubrimiento de América. – La política colonialista de España y Portugal. – Etapas de la Conquista Material y Espiritual . • Bloque VI. La vida en México durante el virreinato. – La organización política de la Nueva España y la función de sus principales Instituciones. – La división territorial de la nueva España en sus inicios. (Reinos-Provincias) y al finalizar el periodo (GobiernosIntendencias). – Organización social de la Nueva España
    8. 8. • Bloque VII. Proceso de la Guerra Independencia. – Guerra de Independencia de México. de • Factores externos e internos de la Guerra de Independencia de México. • Inicio de la Guerra de Independencia. • Organización de la Guerra de Independencia. • Resistencia en la Guerra de Independencia. • Consumación de la Guerra de Independencia.
    9. 9. Historia de México 1 Bloque I. Categorías teórico-metodológicas para el estudio de la Historia.
    10. 10. Historia, teoria de la historia, historiografia
    11. 11. Teoría de la Historia • Es el conjunto de las corrientes que a través del tiempo han pretendido explicar el devenir de éste. • La Historia se caracteriza por ofrecer una interpretación (hermenéutica) de los hechos históricos. • También se le conoce como Historiología.
    12. 12. Teoría de la Historia • En la mayoría de ocasiones las teorías de la historia formulan los principios generales según los cuales se pretende explicar toda la evolución de la humanidad, sus cambios y transformaciones, sus avances, retrocesos o estancamientos: la búsqueda de unas leyes últimas por las cuales se rige el desarrollo histórico.
    13. 13. Teoría de la Historia • Cuando San Agustín elaboró su teodicea de la historia afirmaba que toda la historia de la humanidad era el efecto directo de una sola causa: la voluntad divina.
    14. 14. Teoría de la Historia • Trece siglos más tarde, Montesquieu, en L’ esprit des lois, buscaba en los factores geográficos –y especialmente en el climalas razones que determinaban las evoluciones sociales, aunque ya situaba la historia en un nivel estrictamente humano.
    15. 15. Teoría de la Historia • Y cuando en el siglo XIX, Marx se desmarcaba de las teorías universalistas y metafísicas y enunciaba el principio según el cual «toda la historia de la humanidad hasta nuestros días es la historia de la lucha de clases», situaba en el terreno de las relaciones sociales la casuística fundamental de la evolución social.
    16. 16. Teoría de la Historia • Marrou, sin embargo, entiende por teoría la posición que consciente o inconscientemente adopta el historiador con respecto al pasado: elección y delimitación del tema, cuestiones planteadas, conceptos a que se recurre y, principalmente, tipos de relaciones, sistemas de interpretación, valor relativo que a cada uno se le adjudica.
    17. 17. Historiografía • Es la historia historia escrita. de la • Todos los aspectos de la realidad han evolucionado a través del tiempo, la historia misma también tiene historia.
    18. 18. Historiografía • Definición del Diccionario de la REA: – (De historiógrafo). – 1. f. Arte de escribir la historia. – 2. f. Estudio bibliográfico y crítico de los escritos sobre historia y sus fuentes, y de los autores que han tratado de estas materias. – 3. f. Conjunto de obras o estudios de carácter histórico.
    19. 19. Historiografía • Investiga el proceso que se utiliza para escribir la Historia (metodología).
    20. 20. Polisemia de la historia
    21. 21. Carácter polisémico de la Historia • La polisemia representa la pluralidad de significados de una palabra. • De ahí que el carácter polisémico de la historia corresponda a la enorme variedad de significados que posee el concepto.
    22. 22. Definiciones de Historia „ “La reunión de todo el conocimiento humano a través del tiempo” „ “Es una forma de controlar el tiempo. Porque hace presente lo que ya no existe” ‟ Juan José Flores Rangel
    23. 23. Definiciones de Historia • “La historia, Sancho, emula el tiempo, es depósito de las acciones, testigo de lo pasado, ejemplo y aviso de lo presente y advertencia del porvenir” – Don Quijote de la Mancha
    24. 24. Definiciones de Historia • “La Historia es la hazaña de la libertad, y la libertad, la hazaña de la historia” – Benedetto Croce „ “La Historia es la ciencia de los hechos” ‟ Definición Renacimiento del
    25. 25. Definiciones de Historia • “La Historia es el testigo de los tiempos, la luz de la verdad, la vida de la memoria, la escuela de la vida, mensajera de la antigüedad” • “La Historia es maestra de la vida” – Marco Tulio Cicerón la
    26. 26. Definiciones de Historia • Por su carácter universal, la historia está relacionada con todos los aspectos del conocimiento y la realidad; el papa León XIII, creador del pensamiento social de la iglesia romana, señaló: “La Historia de la Iglesia debe enseñarse con probidad; Dios no necesita mentiras”.
    27. 27. Herodoto (484 – 425 a.C.) • Reconocido como “el padre de la historia” • Su obra estaba escrita en dialecto jónico, y más tarde fue dividida por los gramáticos de Alejandría en nueve libros que tomaron el nombre de las nueve musas de la mitología griega:
    28. 28. Herodoto (484 – 425 a.C.) • Calíope, Clío, Talía, Euterpe, Ter psícore, Melpómene, Erato, Uran ia y Polimnia. Todas ellas, hijas de Zeus y Mnemoside. Estas musas eran consideradas como las protectoras de las artes, la memoria y la astronomía. • Su obra simplemente se llamó Historiae, cuyo nombre deriva de la palabra griega investigación o búsqueda.
    29. 29. Historia como realidad
    30. 30. Historia como realidad Cuando la forma de trabajo de historia dejó de ser la crónica y se convirtió en ciencia social, surgió una interrogante: ¿qué es la realidad?
    31. 31. Historia como realidad Batalla de Tampico, 1829 La historia estudia y analiza los hechos históricos. Un hecho es algo que tiene existencia física y social concreta y puede ser observado directamente por los sentidos.
    32. 32. Historia como realidad La historia necesita de una metodología heurística para localizar sus fuentes, catalogarlas y verificarlas. Una vez que se encuentran las fuentes, se debe comprobar su credibilidad.
    33. 33. Historia como realidad Lo que no hace la Historia: No predice el futuro, ni lo estudia, ni lo adivina. No admite elucubraciones. ¿Qué hubiera pasado si…?
    34. 34. Categorias historicas de espacio, tiempo, es tructura, duracion y coyuntura
    35. 35. Para el estudio de la historia se toman en cuenta diversos factores que se concatenan y nos presentan el marco contextual del hecho histórico a estudiar.
    36. 36. Espacio El espacio, es la extensión precisa y rigurosa que se encuentra dentro y fuera del medio terrestres, donde se llevan a cabo los acontecimientos físicos del universo y también donde se desarrollan los eventos históricos.
    37. 37. El tiempo para la historia puede ser el inicio y el fin de algún proceso o momento histórico. Según Fernand Braudel existen tres categorías históricas para describir el tiempo: tiempo corto, tiempo medio y tiempo largo.
    38. 38. Estructura Estructura viene del latín structūra que significa orden y/o acomodamiento de diversos fragmentos dentro de una totalidad. La realidad histórica tiene un orden.
    39. 39. Duración Corresponde la duración al tiempo que dura algo, o al que transcurre entre el inicio y el final de un proceso. Se representa mediante líneas de tiempo.
    40. 40. Coyuntura Es lo opuesto a lo estructural, no es permanente; es dinámico y continuo, ya que solo se encuentra en un período de tiempo corto o de transición a otro tiempo.
    41. 41. Actores y fuentes de la historia Historia de Mexico I
    42. 42. Actores de la Historia • La Historia es la Historia del ser humano, por ello él es el principal actor, pero también existen procesos, las coyunturas que se concretan en un hecho. • Actor individual, v.gr. Cuauhtémoc y Hernán Cortés, ambos representan momentos clave en el proceso que llevó a cabo la conquista.
    43. 43. Actores de la Historia • Los actores colectivos, puede decirse que son los indígenas que se aliaron a los españoles, las deidades mexicas y la Trinidad. • La conjunción de actores individuales y colectivos muestra el devenir histórico.
    44. 44. Fuentes de la Historia • Son el material del que parte la investigación histórica y están representadas por toda clase de evidencias que pueden utilizarse para conocer, analizar y comprender lo que ha ocurrido en el pasado.
    45. 45. Fuentes de la Historia • Primarias directas.Escritas, como son: documentos de archivos de los personajes; escritos en bibliotecas, manuscritos, etc. Fuentes de la Historia • Secundarias o indirectas.Testimonios escritos, verbales o con imágenes que no incluyen información de quienes estuvieron involucrados en el hecho.
    46. 46. Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia • Matemáticas.- (del latín mathematĭca, y éste del griego μαθηματικά, derivado de μάθημα, conocimiento). Sirven para realizar cálculos en una investigación histórica. • Geografía.- (del griego γεωγραφία geographia, lit. «descripción o representación gráfica de la Tierra»). Nos ayuda a identificar la localización del sitio donde ocurrió un acontecimiento.
    47. 47. Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia • Diplomática.- Sirve para determinar autenticidad de los documentos. la • Paleografía.(del idioma griego palaio, antiguo, y graphía, escritura); determina la forma en que se escribió en cada época. • Grafología.- Señala los personalidad del individuo. rasgos de la
    48. 48. Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia • Cartografía.- (del griego chartis = mapa y graphein = escrito). Nos muestra la forma en que ha ido evolucionando la percepción del hombre en relación con diversos lugares. • Numismática.- Es de utilidad para determinar las características de las monedas en el tiempo. • Derecho.- Sirve para explicar las características de las leyes con el devenir de las épocas.
    49. 49. Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia • Política.- del griego πολιτικος (pronunciación figurada: politikós, «ciudadano», «civil», «relativo al ordenamiento de la ciudad»), es la actividad humana que tiende a gobernar o dirigir la acción del estado en beneficio de la sociedad. • Arqueología.- (del griego ἀρχαίος 'viejo' o 'antiguo', y λόγος 'estudio'), es fundamental para conocer las caraterísticas de los complejos culturales, construcciones, utensilios, herramient as y cualquier vestigio de las diversas
    50. 50. Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia • Antropología.(del griego άνθρωπος anthropos, 'hombre ´(humano)', y λογος, logos, 'conocimiento'), es indispensable para conocer las características del ser humano a través de los tiempos. • Dinámica Social.- Es el estudio de la evolución de la sociedad a través del tiempo.
    51. 51. Historia de México I Las divisiones de la Historia
    52. 52. • Edad antigua Comienza con el surgimiento de la escritura y termina con la caída del Imperio Romano de Occidente en el año 476 d. C – – – – Edad Antigua de la Piedra. Edad Media de la Piedra. Edad Nueva de la Piedra Edad de los metales.
    53. 53. • Edad media Comienza en el año 476 d. C. y termina con la invasión de Constantinopla por los turcos en el año 1453 d. C. – Alta Edad Media. – Baja Edad Media
    54. 54. • Edad moderna Comprende del año 1453 d. C. hasta el año 1789, inicio de la Revolución Francesa.
    55. 55. • Edad contemporánea Comprende del el año 1789, inicio de la Revolución Francesa hasta nuestros días.
    56. 56. Historia Universal • Es el conjunto de acontecimientos que muestran el desarrollo de la humanidad. • La historia universal es el conjunto de hechos y procesos que se han desarrollado en el entorno del ser humano, desde la aparición del Homo Sapiens hasta la actualidad.
    57. 57. Historia Nacional • Es la historia en que se distingue a las historias particulares de cada país, seleccionando los acontecimientos fundamentales para comprender las transformaciones que han hecho posible la existencia de cada nación.
    58. 58. Microhistoria • Es el conjunto de narraciones que se refieren a pequeñas localidades, de ahí que incluso se originen como leyendas que se mezclan con acontecimientos y, finalmente, pasan a formar parte de la historia nacional.
    59. 59. Bibliohemerografía • Flores Rangel, Juan José (2010); Historia de México 1; 1ª edición, Cengage Learning, México • Campa Hernández, Francisco José (2012). Historia de México I. Desarrolla competencias. Primera edición. México: ST Editorial. • Silva Ortiz, Luz María (2011). Historia de México I. Desarrolla competencias. Primera edición. México: ST Editorial. • http://hablemosdehistoria.com/archivos/historia-e-historiasteoria-de-la-historia/ • http://www.nodo50.org/arevolucionaria/articulos2/Herodoto.ht m

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