The similarities and differences between Spanish and English languageIN TERMS OF GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY AND PRONUNCIATION TEACHER: DOLORES DEL ROCIO ORTEGA ANDRADE STUDENT: CARMEN J. BAZURTO PALMA 2011-2012
GrammarSimilarities: Both language have a grammar structure base on the tense. The basic structure of the sentences is the same, but other function change the positions as adjectives: I + like + my friends. ◊ It is a yellow car. S V C Me + gustan + mis amigos. ◊ Eso es un carro amarillo. S V C
GrammarDifferences: For Spanish we identify feminine and masculine article, singular, plural and adjective; but in English we do not have to do that.Spanish: Mi gato es azul.English: The cat is blue.
GrammarDifferences: Spanish have more heavily inflected language than English about verb. Example: ENGLISH SPANISH I run Yo corro You run Tu corres He runs El corre We run Nosotros corremos They run Ellos corren
Vocabulary Similarities: Both share Latin influence. Share some words: sofa, idea, bar and so on. Example I like the sofa. Me gusta el sofa.
VocabularyDifferences: Latin-derived words in English tend to be more formal. Spanish accent give the different meaning of the words.Example: Él es un millonario. (Pronoun) El anillo es feo. (Article)
Vocabulary The meaning of words depend on the position in the sentences. Example: They miss their country. (Verb) Miss Ecuador is tall. (Title)
Pronunciation Spanish has a strong correspondence between the sound of a word and its spelling in English. English phonemes with no equivalent in Spanish. Vowels Consonant/α/ heart /dʒ/ jail/æ/ fat /h/ offer English vowels are 5 and 5 diphthongs./ε/ said /ŋ/sing/I/ here /∫/ fish Spanish vowels are 12 pure vowels and/ɔ/ fall /v/ lover/ʊ/ cook /z/ easy 8 diphthongs./ʌ/ but /ð/ then/ə/ circus /ʒ/ usual/ər/ word/aj/ die/ɔj/ boy/aw/ about
Conclusion Language teachers must analyze these types of interference to teach according the students´ problems and needs.