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Phrasal Verbs
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  • 1. Phrasal Verbs Andrew Ernest Ritz May 8, 2011Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 1 / 138
  • 2. ask out verb –. (1) ask out, invite out, take out – (make a date; ”Has he asked you out yet?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 2 / 138
  • 3. add up verb –1. (4) come, add up, amount – (develop into; ”This idea will never amount to anything”; ”nothing came of his grandiose plans”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 3 / 138
  • 4. back up verb –1. (3) support, back up – (give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to; ”She supported him during the illness”; ”Her children always backed her up”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 4 / 138
  • 5. blow up verb –1. (4) explode, detonate, blow up, set off – (cause to burst with a violent release of energy; ”We exploded the nuclear bomb”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 5 / 138
  • 6. break down verb –1. (3) break down, crush – (make ineffective; ”Martin Luther King tried to break down racial discrimination”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 6 / 138
  • 7. break in verb –1. (2) break in, break – (enter someone’s (virtual or real) property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act; ”Someone broke in while I was on vacation”; ”They broke into my car and stole my radio!”; ”who broke into my account last night?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 7 / 138
  • 8. break up verb –1. (5) disperse, dissipate, dispel, break up, scatter – (to cause to separate and go in different directions; ”She waved her hand and scattered the crowds”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 8 / 138
  • 9. break out verb –1. (4) erupt, break out – (start abruptly; ”After 1989, peace broke out in the former East Bloc”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 9 / 138
  • 10. bring down verb –1. (3) lower, take down, let down, get down, bring down – (move something or somebody to a lower position; ”take down the vase from the shelf”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 10 / 138
  • 11. bring up verb –1. (3) raise, conjure, conjure up, invoke, evoke, stir, call down, arouse, bring up, put forward, call forth – (summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic; ”raise the specter of unemployment”; ”he conjured wild birds in the air”; ”call down the spirits from the mountain”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 11 / 138
  • 12. call back verb –1. (1) recall, call in, call back, withdraw – (cause to be returned; ”recall the defective auto tires”; ”The manufacturer tried to call back the spoilt yoghurt”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 12 / 138
  • 13. call off verb –1. (1) cancel, call off, scratch, scrub – (postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled; ”Call off the engagement”; ”cancel the dinner party”; ”we had to scrub our vacation plans”; ”scratch that meeting–the chair is ill”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 13 / 138
  • 14. call on verb –. (8) call on, turn – (have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to; ”She called on her Representative to help her”; ”She turned to her relatives for help”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 14 / 138
  • 15. call up verb –1. (2) call up, bring forward – (bring forward for consideration; ”The case was called up in court”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 15 / 138
  • 16. calm down verb –1. (4) calm, calm down, cool off, chill out, simmer down, settle down, cool it – (become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation; ”After the fight both men need to cool off.”; ”It took a while after the baby was born for things to settle down again.”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 16 / 138
  • 17. catch up verb –1. (2) catch up – (reach the point where one should be after a delay; ”I caught up on my homework”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 17 / 138
  • 18. check in verb –. (3) check in, sign in – (announce one’s arrival, e.g. at hotels or airports) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 18 / 138
  • 19. check out verb –1. (6) check, check up on, look into, check out, suss out, check over, go over, check into – (examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition; ”check the brakes”; ”Check out the engine”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 19 / 138
  • 20. cheer up verb –1. cheer, cheer up, jolly along, jolly up – (cause (somebody) to feel happier or more cheerful; ”She tried to cheer up the disappointed child when he failed to win the spelling bee”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 20 / 138
  • 21. chip in verb –. contribute, give, chip in, kick in – (contribute to some cause; ”I gave at the office”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 21 / 138
  • 22. clean up verb –1. (8) tidy, tidy up, clean up, neaten, straighten, straighten out, square away – (put (things or places) in order; ”Tidy up your room!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 22 / 138
  • 23. come across verb –1. (3) fall upon, strike, come upon, light upon, chance upon, come across, chance on, happen upon, attain, discover – (find unexpectedly; ”the archeologists chanced upon an old tomb”; ”she struck a goldmine”; ”The hikers finally struck the main path to the lake”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 23 / 138
  • 24. come apart verb –. break, separate, split up, fall apart, come apart – (become separated into pieces or fragments; ”The figurine broke”; ”The freshly baked loaf fell apart”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 24 / 138
  • 25. come down verb –1. (14) descend, fall, go down, come down – (move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way; ”The temperature is going down”; ”The barometer is falling”; ”The curtain fell on the diva”; ”Her hand went up and then fell again”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 25 / 138
  • 26. come forward verb –. (1) come to the fore, step forward, come forward, step up, step to the fore, come out – (make oneself visible; take action; ”Young people should step to the fore and help their peers”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 26 / 138
  • 27. count on verb –. (1) calculate, estimate, reckon, count on, figure, forecast – (judge to be probable) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 27 / 138
  • 28. cross out verb –. cross off, cross out, strike out, strike off, mark – (remove from a list; ”Cross the name of the dead person off the list”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 28 / 138
  • 29. cut back verb –1. (1) cut back, flash back – (return in time; ”the film cut back to an earlier event in the story”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 29 / 138
  • 30. cut down verb –1. (8) reduce, cut down, cut back, trim, trim down, trim back, cut, bring down – (cut down on; make a reduction in; ”reduce your daily fat intake”; ”The employer wants to cut back health benefits”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 30 / 138
  • 31. cut in verb –1. cut in – (allow someone to have a share or profit) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 31 / 138
  • 32. cut off verb –1. (8) interrupt, disrupt, break up, cut off – (make a break in; ”We interrupt the program for the following messages”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 32 / 138
  • 33. cut out verb –1. (2) cut out – (delete or remove; ”Cut out the extra text”; ”cut out the newspaper article”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 33 / 138
  • 34. do up verb –1. do up – (wrap for decorative purposes; ”The gift was done up in pretty red paper”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 34 / 138
  • 35. dress up verb –1. (5) overdress, dress up, fig out, fig up, deck up, gussy up, fancy up, trick up, deck out, trick out, prink, attire, get up, rig out, tog up, tog out – (put on special clothes to appear particularly appealing and attractive; ”She never dresses up, even when she goes to the opera”; ”The young girls were all fancied up for the party”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 35 / 138
  • 36. drop back verb –1. (1) drop back – (take position in the rear, as in a military formation or in the line of scrimmage in football; ”The defender dropped back behind his teammate”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 36 / 138
  • 37. drop in verb –. (1) drop by, drop in, come by – (visit informally and spontaneously; ”We frequently drop by the neighbors’ house for a cup of coffee”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 37 / 138
  • 38. drop off verb –1. (1) drop off – (fall or diminish; ”The number of students in this course dropped off after the first test”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 38 / 138
  • 39. drop out verb –1. (2) drop out, give up, fall by the wayside, drop by the wayside, throw in, throw in the towel, quit, chuck up the sponge – (give up in the face of defeat of lacking hope; admit defeat; ”In the second round, the challenger gave up”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 39 / 138
  • 40. eat out verb –. eat out, dine out – (eat at a restaurant or at somebody else’s home) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 40 / 138
  • 41. end up verb –. (3) finish up, land up, fetch up, end up, wind up, finish – (finally be or do something; ”He ended up marrying his high school sweetheart”; ”he wound up being unemployed and living at home again”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 41 / 138
  • 42. fall apart verb –1. fall apart, go to pieces – (lose one’s emotional or mental composure; ”She fell apart when her only child died”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 42 / 138
  • 43. fall down verb –. fall, fall down – (lose an upright position suddenly; ”The vase fell over and the water spilled onto the table”; ”Her hair fell across her forehead”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 43 / 138
  • 44. fall out verb –1. (1) fall out – (have a breach in relations; ”We fell out over a trivial question”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 44 / 138
  • 45. figure out verb –. (6) solve, work out, figure out, puzzle out, lick, work – (find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of; ”did you solve the problem?”; ”Work out your problems with the boss”; ”this unpleasant situation isn’t going to work itself out”; ”did you get it?”; ”Did you get my meaning?”; ”He could not work the math problem”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 45 / 138
  • 46. fill in verb –1. (4) fill in – (supply with information on a specific topic; ”He filled me in on the latest developments”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 46 / 138
  • 47. fill out verb –1. (5) complete, fill out, fill in, make out – (write all the required information onto a form; ”fill out this questionnaire , please!”; ”make out a form”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 47 / 138
  • 48. fill up verb –1. (2) fill, fill up, make full – (make full, also in a metaphorical sense; ”fill a container”; ”fill the child with pride”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 48 / 138
  • 49. find out verb –1. (33) determine, find, find out, ascertain – (establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study; ”find the product of two numbers”; ”The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 49 / 138
  • 50. get across verb –1. (1) get across, put over – (communicate successfully; ”I couldn’t get across the message”; ”He put over the idea very well”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 50 / 138
  • 51. get along verb –1. (4) do, fare, make out, come, get along – (proceed or get along; ”How is she doing in her new job?”; ”How are you making out in graduate school?”; ”He’s come a long way”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 51 / 138
  • 52. get around verb –1. (4) break, get out, get around – (be released or become known; of news; ”News of her death broke in the morning”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 52 / 138
  • 53. get away verb –1. (8) escape, get away, break loose – (run away from confinement; ”The convicted murderer escaped from a high security prison”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 53 / 138
  • 54. get back verb –1. (4) win back, get back – (recover something or somebody that appeared to be lost; ”We got back the money after we threatened to sue the company”; ”He got back his son from the kidnappers”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 54 / 138
  • 55. get on verb –1. (2) get along with, get on with, get on, get along – (have smooth relations; ”My boss and I get along very well”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 55 / 138
  • 56. get over verb –1. (4) traverse, track, cover, cross, pass over, get over, get across, cut through, cut across – (travel across or pass over; ”The caravan covered almost 100 miles each day”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 56 / 138
  • 57. get together verb –1. (1) assemble, gather, get together – (get people together; ”assemble your colleagues”; ”get together all those who are interested in the project”; ”gather the close family members”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 57 / 138
  • 58. get up verb –1. (15) arise, rise, uprise, get up, stand up – (rise to one’s feet; ”The audience got up and applauded”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 58 / 138
  • 59. give away verb –1. (3) give away – (make a gift of; ”She gave away her antique furniture”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 59 / 138
  • 60. give back verb –. refund, return, repay, give back – (pay back; ”Please refund me my money”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 60 / 138
  • 61. give in verb –1. (5) submit, bow, defer, accede, give in – (yield to another’s wish or opinion; ”The government bowed to the military pressure”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 61 / 138
  • 62. give out verb –1. (1) emit, give out, give off – (give off, send forth, or discharge; as of light, heat, or radiation, vapor, etc.; ”The ozone layer blocks some harmful rays which the sun emits”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 62 / 138
  • 63. give up verb –1. (9) forfeit, give up, throw overboard, waive, forgo, forego – (lose (s.th.) or lose the right to (s.th.) by some error, offense, or crime; ”you’ve forfeited your right to name your successor ”; ”forfeited property”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 63 / 138
  • 64. go after verb –1. (7) chase, chase after, trail, tail, tag, give chase, dog, go after, track – (go after with the intent to catch; ”The policeman chased the mugger down the alley”; ”the dog chased the rabbit”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 64 / 138
  • 65. go against verb –1. (2) violate, go against, break – (fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns; ”This sentence violates the rules of syntax”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 65 / 138
  • 66. go ahead verb –. (6) go ahead, plow ahead – (proceed (with a plan of action); ”He went ahead with the project”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 66 / 138
  • 67. go back verb –1. (4) go back, date back, date from – (belong to an earlier time; ”This story dates back 200 years”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 67 / 138
  • 68. go out verb –1. (21) exit, go out, get out, leave – (move out of or depart from; ”leave the room”; ”the fugitive has left the country”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 68 / 138
  • 69. go over verb –1. (5) review, go over, survey – (hold a review (of troops)) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 69 / 138
  • 70. grow up verb –. (17) grow up – (become an adult) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 70 / 138
  • 71. hand down verb –. (1) hand down – (passed on, as by inheritance; ”This ring was handed down through many generations”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 71 / 138
  • 72. hand out verb –. (5) distribute, give out, hand out, pass out – (give to several people; ”The teacher handed out the exams”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 72 / 138
  • 73. hand over verb –. (5) hand over, fork over, fork out, fork up, turn in, deliver, render – (to surrender someone or something to another; ”the guard delivered the criminal to the police”; ”render up the prisoners”; ”render the town to the enemy”; ”fork over the money”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 73 / 138
  • 74. hang in verb –. (1) persevere, persist, hang in, hang on, hold on – (be persistent, refuse to stop; ”he persisted to call me every night”; ”The child persisted and kept asking questions”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 74 / 138
  • 75. hang on verb –1. (4) append, tag on, tack on, tack, hang on – (fix to; attach; ”append a charm to the necklace”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 75 / 138
  • 76. hang out verb –. hang out – (spend time in a certain location or with certain people; ”She hangs out at the corner cafe”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 76 / 138
  • 77. hang up verb –1. (8) hang up – (put a telephone receiver back in its cradle) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 77 / 138
  • 78. hold back verb –1. (4) check, turn back, arrest, stop, contain, hold back – (hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; ”Arrest the downward trend”; ”Check the growth of communism in South East Asia”; ”Contain the rebel movement”; ”Turn back the tide of communism”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 78 / 138
  • 79. hold on verb –1. (5) grasp, hold on – (hold firmly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 79 / 138
  • 80. hold up verb –1. (4) hold, support, sustain, hold up – (be the physical support of; carry the weight of; ”The beam holds up the roof”; ”He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam”; ”What’s holding that mirror?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 80 / 138
  • 81. keep on verb –. retain, continue, keep, keep on – (allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature; ”We cannot continue several servants any longer”; ”She retains a lawyer”; ”The family’s fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff”; ”Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on”; ”We kept the work going as long as we could”; ”She retained her composure” ; ”this garment retains its shape even after many washings”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 81 / 138
  • 82. keep out verb –1. (3) exclude, keep out, shut out, shut – (prevent from entering; shut out; ”The trees were shutting out all sunlight”; ”This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 82 / 138
  • 83. keep up verb –1. (6) keep up – (maintain a required pace or level; ”He could not keep up and dropped out of the race”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 83 / 138
  • 84. let down verb –1. (7) lower, take down, let down, get down, bring down – (move something or somebody to a lower position; ”take down the vase from the shelf”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 84 / 138
  • 85. let in verb –1. (1) admit, let in, include – (allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, function s, and responsibilities of; ”admit someone to the profession”; ”She was admitted to the New Jersey Bar”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 85 / 138
  • 86. look after verb –. (5) look after – (keep under careful scrutiny; ”Keep an eye on this prisoner!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 86 / 138
  • 87. look for verb –1. (50) search, seek, look for – (try to locate or discover, or try to establish the existence of; ”The police are searching for clues”; ”They are searching for the missing man in the entire county”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 87 / 138
  • 88. look forward verb –. (7) look forward – (expect or hope for; ”I look to hear from you soon”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 88 / 138
  • 89. look into verb –1. (6) investigate, look into – (investigate scientificall y; ”Let’s investigate the syntax of Chinese”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 89 / 138
  • 90. look out verb –1. (7) watch, look out, watch out – (be vigilant, be on the lookout or be careful; ”Watch out for pickpockets!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 90 / 138
  • 91. look up verb –. (8) consult, refer, look up – (seek information from; ”You should consult the dictionary”; ”refer to your notes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 91 / 138
  • 92. make up verb –1. (19) constitute, represent, make up, comprise, be – (form or compose; ”This money is my only income”; ”The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance”; ”These constitute my entire belonging”; ”The children made up the chorus”; ”This sum represents my entire income for a year”; ”These few men comprise his entire army”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 92 / 138
  • 93. mix up verb –1. jumble, confuse, mix up – (assemble without order or sense; ”She jumbles the words when she is supposed to write a sentence”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 93 / 138
  • 94. pass away verb –1. (3) die, decease, perish, go, exit, pass away, expire, pass, kick the bucket, cash in one’s chips, buy the farm, conk, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, choke, croak, snuff it – (pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; ”She died from cancer”; ”The children perished in the fire”; ”The patient went peacefully”; ”The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 94 / 138
  • 95. pass out verb –1. (1) faint, conk, swoon, pass out – (pass out from weakness, physical or emotional distress due to a loss of blood supply to the brain) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 95 / 138
  • 96. pass up verb –1. (1) refuse, reject, pass up, turn down, decline – (refuse to accept; ”He refused my offer of hospitality”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 96 / 138
  • 97. pay back verb –1. reward, repay, pay back – (act or give recompense in recognition of someone’s behavior or actions) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 97 / 138
  • 98. pay for verb –. invite, pay for – (have as a guest; ”I invited them to a restaurant”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 98 / 138
  • 99. pick out verb –1. (4) choose, take, select, pick out – (pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives; ”Take any one of these cards”; ”Choose a good husband for your daughter”; ”She selected a pair of shoes from among the dozen the salesgirl had shown her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 99 / 138
  • 100. point out verb –1. (42) comment, notice, remark, point out – (make or write a comment on; ”he commented the paper of his colleague”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 100 / 138
  • 101. put down verb –1. (6) set down, put down, place down – (cause to sit or seat or be in a settled position or place; ”set down your bags here”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 101 / 138
  • 102. put off verb –1. (1) postpone, prorogue, hold over, put over, table, shelve, set back, defer, remit, put off – (hold back to a later time; ”let’s postpone the exam”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 102 / 138
  • 103. put out verb –1. (2) trouble, put out, inconvenience, disoblige, discommo de, incommode, bother – (to cause inconvenience or discomfort to; ”Sorry to trouble you, but...”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 103 / 138
  • 104. put together verb –. (4) assemble, piece, put together, set up, tack, tack together – (create by putting components or members together; ”She pieced a quilt”; ”He tacked together some verses”; ”They set up a committee”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 104 / 138
  • 105. put up verb –1. (4) post, put up – (place so as to be noticed; ”post a sign”; ”post a warning at the dump”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 105 / 138
  • 106. put on verb –1. (18) wear, put on, get into, don, assume – (put clothing on one’s body; ”What should I wear today?”; ”He put on his best suit for the wedding”; ”The princess donned a long blue dress”; ”The queen assumed the stately robes”; ”He got into his jeans”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 106 / 138
  • 107. run into verb –1. (6) run into, encounter – (be beset by; ”The project ran into numerous financial difficulties”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 107 / 138
  • 108. run over verb –1. (3) run down, run over – (injure or kill by running over, as with a vehicle) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 108 / 138
  • 109. run away verb –1. (12) scat, run, scarper, turn tail, lam, run away, hightail it, bunk, head for the hills, take to the woods, escape, fly the coop, break away – (flee; take to one’s heels; cut and run; ”If you see this man, run!”; ”The burglars escaped before the police showed up”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 109 / 138
  • 110. run out verb –1. (5) run out – (become used up; be exhausted; ”Our supplies finally ran out”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 110 / 138
  • 111. send back verb –. remit, remand, send back – (refer (a matter or legal case) to another committee or authority or court for decision) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 111 / 138
  • 112. set up verb –1. (17) establish, set up, found, launch – (set up or found; ”She set up a literacy program”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 112 / 138
  • 113. show off verb –. (4) flaunt, flash, show off, ostentate, swank – (display proudly; act ostentatiously or pretentiously; ”he showed off his new sports car”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 113 / 138
  • 114. sleep over verb –. sleep over, stay over – (stay overnight; ”The boy’s friends were allowed to sleep over after the birthday party”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 114 / 138
  • 115. sort out verb –1. (3) classify, class, sort, assort, sort out, separate – (arrange or order by classes or categories; ”How would you classify these pottery shards–are they prehistoric?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 115 / 138
  • 116. stick to verb –1. (4) adhere, hold fast, bond, bind, stick, stick to – (stick to firmly; ”Will this wallpaper adhere to the wall?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 116 / 138
  • 117. switch off verb –. (2) switch off, cut, turn off, turn out – (cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch; ”Turn off the stereo, please”; ”cut the engine”; ”turn out the lights”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 117 / 138
  • 118. switch on verb –. (5) switch on, turn on – (cause to operate by flipping a switch; ”switch on the light”; ”turn on the stereo”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 118 / 138
  • 119. take after verb –1. take after – (be similar to a relative; ”She takes after her father!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 119 / 138
  • 120. take apart verb –1. (1) disassemble, dismantle, take apart, break up, break apart – (take apart into its constituent pieces) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 120 / 138
  • 121. take back verb –1. (5) return, take back, bring back – (bring back to the point of departure) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 121 / 138
  • 122. take off verb –1. (15) depart, part, start, start out, set forth, set off, set out, take off – (leave; ”The family took off for Florida”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 122 / 138
  • 123. take out verb –1. (7) take out, move out, remove – (cause to leave; ”The teacher took the children out of the classroom”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 123 / 138
  • 124. tear up verb –. shred, tear up, rip up – (tear into shreds) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 124 / 138
  • 125. think back verb –. (2) remember, think back – (recapture the past; indulge in memories; ”he remembered how he used to pick flowers”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 125 / 138
  • 126. think over verb –. (3) chew over, think over, meditate, ponder, excogitate, contemplate, muse, reflect, mull, mull over, ruminate, speculate – (reflect deeply on a subject; ”I mulled over the events of the afternoon”; ”philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years”; ”The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 126 / 138
  • 127. throw away verb –1. (5) discard, fling, toss, toss out, toss away, chuck out, cast aside, dispose, throw out, cast out, throw away, cast away, put away – (throw or cast away; ”Put away your worries”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 127 / 138
  • 128. turn down verb –1. (5) refuse, reject, pass up, turn down, decline – (refuse to accept; ”He refused my offer of hospitality”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 128 / 138
  • 129. turn off verb –1. (8) switch off, cut, turn off, turn out – (cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch; ”Turn off the stereo, please”; ”cut the engine”; ”turn out the lights”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 129 / 138
  • 130. turn on verb –1. (12) switch on, turn on – (cause to operate by flipping a switch; ”switch on the light”; ”turn on the stereo”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 130 / 138
  • 131. turn up verb –1. (8) come on, come out, turn up, surface, show up – (appear or become visible; make a showing; ”She turned up at the funeral”; ”I hope the list key is going to surface again”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 131 / 138
  • 132. try on verb –. (1) try on, try – (put on a garment in order to see whether it fits and looks nice; ”Try on this sweater to see how it looks”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 132 / 138
  • 133. try out verb –1. (8) test, prove, try, try out, examine, essay – (put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; ”This approach has been tried with good results”; ”Test this recipe”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 133 / 138
  • 134. use up verb –1. (3) consume, eat up, use up, eat, deplete, exhaust, run through, wipe out – (use up (resources or materials); ”this car consumes a lot of gas”; ”We exhausted our savings”; ”They run through 20 bottles of wine a week”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 134 / 138
  • 135. wake up verb –1. (8) awaken, wake, waken, rouse, wake up, arouse – (cause to become awake or conscious; ”He was roused by the drunken men in the street”; ”Please wake me at 6 AM.”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 135 / 138
  • 136. warm up verb –1. (2) warm up – (run until the normal working temperature is reached; ”We warmed up the car for a few minutes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 136 / 138
  • 137. wear off verb –1. (1) wear, wear off, wear out, wear down, wear thin – (deteriorate through use or stress; ”The constant friction wore out the cloth”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 137 / 138
  • 138. work out verb –1. (16) work out, work up – (come up with; ”His colleagues worked out his interesting idea”; ”We worked up an ad for our client”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Phrasal Verbs May 8, 2011 138 / 138