Com Foligno Umbria Earthquake sept 1997
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Com Foligno Umbria Earthquake sept 1997

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Brief description of the activities of COM-Foligno during the earthquake of september 1997 in Umbria ITALY

Brief description of the activities of COM-Foligno during the earthquake of september 1997 in Umbria ITALY

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Com Foligno Umbria Earthquake sept 1997 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties Workshop Safety-Chain Rotterdam, 8-9 November 1999 A case study - The 1997 Earthquake in Central Italy Giuseppe Romano & Gianmario Gnecchi
  • 2. C.O.M. Foligno A brief history about the management style adopted in the emergency following the earthquake in 1997 G. Romano G. Gnecchi
  • 3.
    • The 26 th of september 1997 an earthquake with two major shakes has devastated large areas of the Regions Umbria and Marche in Central Italy: - at 02:33 ( magnitude 5.5, VIII° degree M.C.S. ) - at 11:40 ( magnitude 5.8, VIII°-IX° degree M.C.S. )
    The event
  • 4.
    • The rescue of victims and assistance to the population trying to save as much persons as possible
    • The immediate sheltering , protection and feeding of the population
    • The control of the operativity and functionality of infrastructures and “essential services” with first urgent interventions
    The main objectives were:
    • The stabilization of dangerous buildings and the control of efficiency of the civil buildings
    • The realization of temporary villages with mobile prefab homes
    • The safety and the security in the temporary villages (heating systems, electric appliances, traffic control, checks for undesidered persons)
    • The recovery of the material used as first response (tents, caravans)
    • The progressive return to the normal activities: social / economical / productive
  • 5. The national Chain of Command in big emergencies National Level Regional / Provincial Level Local Level
  • 6. The C.O.M. of Foligno in 1997 organized in compliancewith the civil protection guideline called “ Augustus”
  • 7. C.O.M. - Management
    • Operation Center: main entrance/parking
    Foligno 1997
  • 8.
    • Operation Center: Multi Agency Room
    C.O.M. - Management Foligno 1997
  • 9.
    • Operation Center: Director/Chief Office
    C.O.M. - Management Foligno 1997
  • 10. The “numbers” of the Foligno’sCOM
    • 12 Municipalities
    • 90.000 inhabitants
    • 14.000 evacuees hosted in the temporary villages/areas
    • 111 sheltering areas with tents and/or roulottes
    • 14 full operating “camp kitchen”
    • 11 base-camps of the different emergency organizations
    • 60 temporary villages with prefab homes
    Foligno 1997
  • 11. C.O.M. Strategic activity in Foligno
    • General Strategy : To operate mainly in a role of support and coordination of the Majors
    • Operational Activities : by mean of the Multiagency Operational Room
    • Management Activities : with the technical and administrative staff and the 13 Funcions
  • 12. C.O.M. - Resources
    • National Fire Corp: Nocera Umbra Base Camp
    Foligno 1997
  • 13.
    • National Fire Corp: Polylogistic Fire Truck
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 14.
    • National Fire Corp: Polylogistic Fire Truck
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 15. C.O.M. - Resources National Fire Corp: Foligno Base Camp Foligno 1997
  • 16.
    • National Fire Corp: Foligno Base Camp
    • Helicopters’ Mobile Hangar
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 17.
    • National Fire Corp: Foligno Base Camp
    • Helicopters’ Mobile Hangar
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 18.
    • National Fire Corp: Foligno Base Camp Heliport
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 19.
    • Red Cross: Foligno Base Camp
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 20.
    • Red Cross: Colfiorito Base Camp
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 21.
    • Red Cross: Mobile Hospital
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 22.
    • Volunteers
    C.O.M. - Resources Foligno 1997
  • 23. C.O.M. - Operations
    • MITIGATION: Building Stabilization
    Foligno 1997
  • 24. C.O.M. - Operations
    • MITIGATION: Building Stabilization
    Foligno 1997
  • 25. C.O.M. - Assistance
    • First recovery in tents or caravans
    Foligno 1997
  • 26. C.O.M. - Assistance
    • First recovery in tents or caravans
    Foligno 1997
  • 27. C.O.M. - Assistance
    • Temporary villages in prefab homes
    Foligno 1997
  • 28. C.O.M. - Assistance Temporary sheltering in prefab homes Foligno 1997
  • 29. C.O.M. - Assistance
    • Temporary sheltering in prefab homes
    Foligno 1997
  • 30. C.O.M. - Assistance
    • Temporary sheltering in prefab homes
    Foligno 1997
  • 31. C.O.M. - Assistance
    • Temporary sheltering in prefab homes
    Foligno 1997
  • 32.
    • Aspects that caused difficulties in managing the emergency:
    • Continuous shaking that lasted for several months
    • Extension of the territory involved
    • Distribution of popoulation in small villages spread out on the territory
    • Huge amount of storical, cultural and artistical sites and buildings
    • Aspects that helped to reduce the difficutlies in managing the emergency :
    • Few damage to the persons (only 12 deaths)
    • Few damages to animals (very lttle or limited problems in public health and hygiene
    • the network of communications structures with only minor damages (roads, bridges, …)
    • Public utilities services fully operating (electric power, gas, water, telephone and telecommunication
    • Immediate response of the civil protection structures
    • central position of the area compared with the rest of Italy
    • this helped the arrival of the resources.
    • Enough resources still available on site
    Key factors of the earthquake emergency in 1997
  • 33. Thank You for Your kind Attention Giuseppe Romano Gianmario Gnecchi