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Energy and power generation are also linked to water. Industrialized countries have tapped well into their hydropower potential, whilst developing regions have not – as yet…. Over 70% of hydropower potential in Europe has been developed, whilst in Africa, only 5% of it has been developed. The next slide speaks for itself…..
There are many climate change challenges for water management. Understanding the physical scienceChanging rainfall; Leveraged effects on runoff and streamflowTemperature, evaporation and aridity; Impact on groundwater recharge and storage; Dynamics of glacier and snow melt; More frequent “extremes”Social and socio economic dynamicsVariability; Disaster vulnerability; Industry, trade and competitiveness; Food and agriculture, the critical challenge; Investing in reliability; Hydropower opportunities and threats; Ecosystem sacrificesCompounding factors, other driversPopulation growth; Economic development and consumption changeTechnology; Urbanisation and land use change; Climate mitigation strategiesClimate information is an important part of assessing the risks and figuring out how to adapt.
Climate change will affect oceans, coasts, islands, forests, lakes, rivers – many aspects of the environment. Climate change will affect people, and animals. Water is important for so many different aspects of life. The Agriculture, sector, the water supply and sanitation sector, health, education, industry, urban and rural development, transport.. the list is long. As the different sectors look to their adaptation measures, it is important that they look to each other, because of this unique connection that they have. – the medium of water.