ObjeCtive: to determine the prevalence of obstetric admission in 17 intensive care units in Colombia.
Design: an observational, cross-sectional (one-day point) prevalence study in 17 intensive care units in referral hospitals at 6 major cities of Colombia. Participants: critical care obstetric patients hospitalized at study centers in March 24, 2011. Intervention and variables of interest: to determine the prevalence of obstetric admissions and some characteristics such as age, main diagnosis and pregnancy status at the time of ICU admission.
Results: there were 27/214 pregnant or postpartum critically ill patients hospitalized during One-day point prevalence (9.3%). The mean age was 27 ± 7.2 years, with a gestational age of 31.8 ± 7.5 weeks. 70.4% of all ICU admissions were secondary to a direct complication of pregnancy and the most common admission diagnosis was severe preeclampsia, followed by hemorrhagic shock. Median length of stay in ICU was 2 (range 1 to 15) days.
COnClusiOn: the estimated proportion of obstetric admission in the country is higher than reported in other studies. Hypertensive disorders are the leading cause of admission to intensive care units in Colombia. A prospective longitudinal study is required to estimate a period prevalence of obstetric patients in ICU.