Esp theories of learning
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Esp theories of learning Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Theories of Learning
  • 2. Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.
    Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.
    (Chinese Proverb)
  • 3. The structure and process of the Mind
    VS
    the analysis
    of the nature
  • 4.
  • 5. The History of Theories
    • Comenius’ studies
    • 6. The Direct Method
    • 7. No Coherent theory… till the 20th century
  • Behaviourism: learning as habit formation
    Based on the work of Pavlov and Skinner
    Proved the Audiolingual Method
    Principles
    Never
    translate
    Errors – corrected immediately
    Follow the sequence hear – speak – read- write
    Frequent repetition
    Drills
  • 8. Mentalism:
    thinking as rule-governed activity
    The failure of the Behaviourism:
  • 9. Forming
    habits
    VS
    Acquiring
    rules
  • 10. Cognitive code:
    learners as thinking beings
  • 11. The learner
    a passive receiver of information
    (the behaviourist theory)
    an active processor of information
    (the cognitive theory)
  • 12. The problem-solving task
    is the basic teaching technique
  • 13. Sources
    aimed at teaching reading strategies
    are developed
  • 14. Learners are at the centre of the learning process
  • 15. The cognitive theory
  • 16.
  • 17. Learning
    (a conscious process)
    Acquisition
    (an unconscious process)
  • 18. A model for learning
  • 19. network
    connections
  • 20. A need to acquire knowledge is a necessary factor but the learner should enjoy the process of acquisition!
  • 21. Conclusion
    Eclectic approach:
    • Don`t base any approach too narrowly on one theory;
    • 22. Take useful points in each theory;
    • 23. Trust in the evidence of your own teaching experience;
    Theories of learning and language descriptions are not casually linked;
  • 24. Thank you
    for your Attention!