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Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
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Esp theories of learning

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Transcript

  • 1. Theories of Learning<br />
  • 2. Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.<br />Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime. <br />(Chinese Proverb)<br />
  • 3. The structure and process of the Mind<br />VS<br />the analysis <br />of the nature<br />
  • 4.
  • 5. The History of Theories<br /><ul><li>Comenius’ studies
  • 6. The Direct Method
  • 7. No Coherent theory… till the 20th century</li></li></ul><li>Behaviourism: learning as habit formation<br />Based on the work of Pavlov and Skinner<br />Proved the Audiolingual Method<br />Principles<br />Never<br /> translate<br />Errors – corrected immediately<br />Follow the sequence hear – speak – read- write<br />Frequent repetition<br />Drills<br />
  • 8. Mentalism: <br />thinking as rule-governed activity<br />The failure of the Behaviourism:<br />
  • 9. Forming <br />habits<br />VS<br />Acquiring<br /> rules<br />
  • 10. Cognitive code:<br /> learners as thinking beings<br />
  • 11. The learner<br />a passive receiver of information <br />(the behaviourist theory)<br />an active processor of information <br />(the cognitive theory)<br />
  • 12. The problem-solving task<br /> is the basic teaching technique<br />
  • 13. Sources<br /> aimed at teaching reading strategies<br /> are developed<br />
  • 14. Learners are at the centre of the learning process<br />
  • 15. The cognitive theory<br />
  • 16.
  • 17. Learning<br />(a conscious process)<br />Acquisition<br />(an unconscious process)<br />
  • 18. A model for learning<br />
  • 19. network <br />connections <br />
  • 20. A need to acquire knowledge is a necessary factor but the learner should enjoy the process of acquisition!<br />
  • 21. Conclusion<br />Eclectic approach:<br /><ul><li>Don`t base any approach too narrowly on one theory;
  • 22. Take useful points in each theory;
  • 23. Trust in the evidence of your own teaching experience;</li></ul>Theories of learning and language descriptions are not casually linked;<br />
  • 24. Thank you <br />for your Attention!<br />

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