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Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
Esp theories of learning
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Esp theories of learning

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Transcript

  • 1. Theories of Learning
  • 2. Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.
    Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.
    (Chinese Proverb)
  • 3. The structure and process of the Mind
    VS
    the analysis
    of the nature
  • 4.
  • 5. The History of Theories
    • Comenius’ studies
    • 6. The Direct Method
    • 7. No Coherent theory… till the 20th century
  • Behaviourism: learning as habit formation
    Based on the work of Pavlov and Skinner
    Proved the Audiolingual Method
    Principles
    Never
    translate
    Errors – corrected immediately
    Follow the sequence hear – speak – read- write
    Frequent repetition
    Drills
  • 8. Mentalism:
    thinking as rule-governed activity
    The failure of the Behaviourism:
  • 9. Forming
    habits
    VS
    Acquiring
    rules
  • 10. Cognitive code:
    learners as thinking beings
  • 11. The learner
    a passive receiver of information
    (the behaviourist theory)
    an active processor of information
    (the cognitive theory)
  • 12. The problem-solving task
    is the basic teaching technique
  • 13. Sources
    aimed at teaching reading strategies
    are developed
  • 14. Learners are at the centre of the learning process
  • 15. The cognitive theory
  • 16.
  • 17. Learning
    (a conscious process)
    Acquisition
    (an unconscious process)
  • 18. A model for learning
  • 19. network
    connections
  • 20. A need to acquire knowledge is a necessary factor but the learner should enjoy the process of acquisition!
  • 21. Conclusion
    Eclectic approach:
    • Don`t base any approach too narrowly on one theory;
    • 22. Take useful points in each theory;
    • 23. Trust in the evidence of your own teaching experience;
    Theories of learning and language descriptions are not casually linked;
  • 24. Thank you
    for your Attention!
  • ×