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Esp theories of learning
 

Esp theories of learning

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    Esp theories of learning Esp theories of learning Presentation Transcript

    • Theories of Learning
    • Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.
      Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.
      (Chinese Proverb)
    • The structure and process of the Mind
      VS
      the analysis
      of the nature
    • The History of Theories
      • Comenius’ studies
      • The Direct Method
      • No Coherent theory… till the 20th century
  • Behaviourism: learning as habit formation
    Based on the work of Pavlov and Skinner
    Proved the Audiolingual Method
    Principles
    Never
    translate
    Errors – corrected immediately
    Follow the sequence hear – speak – read- write
    Frequent repetition
    Drills
  • Mentalism:
    thinking as rule-governed activity
    The failure of the Behaviourism:
  • Forming
    habits
    VS
    Acquiring
    rules
  • Cognitive code:
    learners as thinking beings
  • The learner
    a passive receiver of information
    (the behaviourist theory)
    an active processor of information
    (the cognitive theory)
  • The problem-solving task
    is the basic teaching technique
  • Sources
    aimed at teaching reading strategies
    are developed
  • Learners are at the centre of the learning process
  • The cognitive theory
  • Learning
    (a conscious process)
    Acquisition
    (an unconscious process)
  • A model for learning
  • network
    connections
  • A need to acquire knowledge is a necessary factor but the learner should enjoy the process of acquisition!
  • Conclusion
    Eclectic approach:
    • Don`t base any approach too narrowly on one theory;
    • Take useful points in each theory;
    • Trust in the evidence of your own teaching experience;
    Theories of learning and language descriptions are not casually linked;
  • Thank you
    for your Attention!