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The most vulnerable areas are Pyrenees, where the increase in the Temperature will be higher that in the whole Catalonia, and coastal zones, specially the Ebro’s Delta, because the increase in the sea level. The main climatic impact is the increase of the temperature and the extreme phenomena of heat waves. The main vulnerable system is water, with an increase in the variability that could hamper the warranty for their different uses Finally in general we have observed that private sector awareness is low so the action of the public sector is of great importance.
The Catalan Strategy identify 63 impacts. Half of them are impacts already observed. As you can see also the strategy identifies impacts not only associated with climate change, but global change. Also the strategy identifies 182 measures. 30 generic and 152 addressed to this 11 sectors and systems analysed.
Transversal: six transversal goals defined on the basis of the diagnosis, which may be regulatory (REG), opportunities for economic, social and environmental development (OPPOR) or for research, development and innovation (RDI). Operational: reducing vulnerability is achieved through two operational goals: generating and transferring the full body of knowledge on adaptation to climate change (KNOWADAPT) and, secondly, increasing the adaptive capacity of the sectors and/or systems analysed (CAPADAPT).
Here you can see some examples of actions. In this case for farming, the strategy identify 6 impacts and 15 measures. It is important to say that of this measures, not all are new measures. The strategy has had the purpose to underline those actions that are being developed, perhaps not with the idea to adapt to climate change, but that are fully coherent with the observed or potential impacts.
One of this examples is the water barrier against sea incursion into the Llobregat aquifer, that it is and excellent climate change adaptation measure front the rise of sea levels an slower recharging of groundwater.
Also in the tourism sector in this case skiing resorts, are facing with a reduction of the days with snow or a reduction in the quality of this snow. This specially important below 1.800 m. So in this case broadening the range of activities linked to the mountain is a good adaptative measure that some resorts are offering.
Another case is the protocols developed to prevent the effects of heat waves, that were put in place in 2004, one year after the big heat wave of 2003, and that has showed its effectiveness last year, with more than one third of August with a heat wave, and with an impact in human lifes far below of 2003.
What is the next step? These steps are 3: First, sector based action plans have to be developed. This sector plans have to prioritize the measure and also include a budget. Second, reporting. For one hand the Catalan Office for Climate Change has to assess technically this action plans and the Intergovernmental Committee on CC has to develop a more political evaluation Finally a technical development, that at this moment is focused trying to develop a set of indicators for effective monitoring the vulnerability of different sectors and systems over time.