Diccionario para ingenieros
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Diccionario para ingenieros Document Transcript

  • 1. D IC C IO N A R IO para INGENIEROS Free Libros.cESPAÑOL* INGLES/INGLES • ESPAÑOL Li is A. Rom* www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 2. Diccionario para Ingenieros J. C. GUERRA BECHTEL L . A . R . PSQS FECHA: ✓ / ESPAÑOL-INGLÉS E INGLÉS-ESPAÑOL Louis A. Robb Miembro de LA SOCIEDAD AMERICANA DE INGENIEROS CIVILES SEGUNDA EDICIÓN MÉXICO, 1997COMPAÑÍA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. DE C.Y. MÉXICO www.FreeLibros.com
  • 3. Título original:ENGINEERS DICTIONARYSPANISH-ENGLISH AND ENGLISH-SPANISHEdición autorizada por:John Wiley and Sons, Inc.Copyright © by John Wiley and Sons, Inc.Diccionario para ingenieros: Español-Inglés e Inglés-EspañolDerechos reservados respecto a la edición en español:© 1956. COM PAÑÍA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. de C.V.Renacimiento 180, Colonia San Juan Tlihuaca,Delegación Azcapotzalco, Código Postal 02400, M éxico, D.F.Diseño de portada:Selene Corona VallejoMiembro de la Cámara Nacional de la Industria EditorialRegistro núm. 43ISBN 968-26-1118-0 (Segunda edición, cambio de portada)ISBN 968-26-0894-5 (Primera edición)Queda prohibida la reproducción o transmisión total o parcial del contede la presente obra en cualesquiera formas, sean electrónicas o mecársin el consentimiento previo y por escrito del editor.Impreso en M éxicoPrinted in M éxicoPrim era edición: 1956Cuadragésima quinta reimpresión: 1996Segunda edición: 1997 Esta obra se terminó de imprimir en junio de 1997 en los talleres de Litogràfica INGRAMEX, S.A. de C.V. Centeno No. 162 Local 1, Col. Granjas Esmeralda C.P. 09810, México, D.F. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 4. PREFACIO Cuando los originales del Engineers’ Dictionary quedaron listos en 1943, lasegunda guerra mundial estaba en su apogeo y esto llevó a la casa editora y alautor a convenir de que el libro no debía exceder de unas cuatrocientas cincuentapáginas. Algún material debió ser retirado y aunque el libro resultante tratabadetenidamente de ingeniería civil, no pudo contener muchos términos usados enotras ramas de la ingeniería. Poco tiempo después de su publicación yo me retiré del trabajo activo deingeniería y desde entonces he tenido amplias oportunidades para dedicarme a lacompilación de un diccionario más extenso. El material que debió ser retiradose ha agregado ahora y se ha estudiado una gran cantidad de material nuevo.He consultado con muchos amigos de la América Latina y en cada viaje he traídoconmigo publicaciones técnicas de diversas clases como fuente de términosespañoles. Constantemente he escudriñado las revistas de ingeniería y loslibros nuevos publicados en ambos idiomas. El campo de acción sigue siendo la ingeniería y las referencias frecuentes a laquímica, la geología o la metalurgia no significan que estas materias estén total­mente abarcadas en este libro. Cada una de ellas necesitaría un volumen aparte.Los términos incluidos de estas u otras materias son aquellos regularmenterequeridos en un trabajo o estudio de ingeniería. Igual criterio se ha seguido en la selección de algunos pocos términos de finanzas, seguros y transportes. Al ampliar la obra mis principales propósitos han sido los siguientes: Abarcar la ingeniería eléctrica y mecánica en manera mucho más amplia.La radio que no se mencionó para nada en la primera edición ha recibido cuida­doso estudio. Se han incluido términos importantes de la televisión. Poner al día todos los ramos de la ingeniería civil. Se ha dado especial atencióna la mecánica de los suelos, a la fotogrametría y al proyecto y construcción deaeropuertos. Incluir los términos más importantes correspondientes a minería, arquitecturanaval, explotación forestal, industria azucarera y campos petrolíferos. Una nueva adición es la indicación de género de los substantivos en español. El objeto de un diccionario técnico es proporcionar información que no seencuentra en otra parte. Se supone que el diccionario de Webster incluye todasy cada una de las palabras del idioma inglés, aún las más técnicas, pero no abarcalas frases que figuran en glosarios oficiales de las sociedades de ingeniería.Muchas de las palabras de este libro se encuentran también en los mejoresdiccionarios generales inglés-español. Buttress se encuentra en cualquiera deellos, igualmente que thread, pero no buttress thread. Aguja y también infernalse encuentran, pero no aguja infernal. La mayoría de mis esfuerzos se han vii www.FreeLibros.com
  • 5. viii V PREFACIOconcentrado en el registro dé significados o equivalentes de locuciones que nopueden expresarse con una sola palabra. La nomenclatura de piezas de maquinaria requiere un constante uso de buencriterio. Cada fabricante tiene su propia lista de piezas para cada máquinay algunas máquinas constan de tantas que llegan al millar. Las partes principalesde una máquina deben enumerarse y con ellas, fuera de los términos comocojinete, leva, tornillo, resorte, rodillo y válvula, deben identificarse con unnombre la gran mayoría de las piezas componentes. A pesar de algunos consejos adversos recibidos, yo creo todavía que lasdefiniciones están fuera de lugar en un diccionario técnico bilingüe. El interesadoque busca en un libro como éste el término slvp-ring motor quiere encontrar elequivalente aceptado en español y no una descripción del motor. Las de­finiciones aumentarían mucho el volumen del libro. La práctica seguida hasido la de definir un término solamente al carecer de un equivalente satisfactorioy en algunos casos para evitar ambigüedades. Es obvio que existen en este libro muchas palabras, tanto en español comoen inglés, que tienen otros significados además de los anotados. Se han omitidolos significados no técnicos, así como aquellos que pertenecen a la botánica,zoología y otras ciencias de interés muy relativo para el ingeniero. Algunos de los términos de la obra original han sido criticados llamándolos“ mal español” . Un crítico me ha dicho que la incorporación de tales términosa un diccionario tiende a perpetuarlos y a perjudicar el idioma. M i punto devista es que la exactitud de los términos técnicos en cualquier idioma es esta­blecida por los técnicos que los crean y los usan, y la tarea del compilador deldiccionario es la de registrar su uso. En esta obra se trata de dar a los técnicosde habla inglesa de la América del Norte la terminología de ingeniería usada enlos países de habla española de América y viceversa. Términos tomados depublicaciones oficiales, de especificaciones de ingenieros y de libros de texto seconsideran expresiones usadas y “ aceptadas” . Para muchos miles de términosen inglés no hay equivalente en “ buen español” si se sigue el criterio de la RealAcademia. Esta es la razón de la diferencia entre unos 125,000 términos enel diccionario de la Academia y de unos 500,000 en el de Webster. Los equivalentes en español de marcas de fábrica o de comercio en ingléspresentan un problema. La simple aseveración de que estos nombres no puedentraducirse no soluciona el problema, porque muchas traducciones son de usocorriente en los países de habla española. Muchos de estos términos ya se hanincorporado a otros diccionarios en español o en español-inglés. Hay propietariosde marcas de fábrica o comercio quienes han creado expresamente equivalentesen español P»ra usarlos en su propaganda. Y o he seguido la práctica de incluirtodo término de esta clase que he encontrado en buen uso técnico. Debe notarseque muchos términos en-inglés de esta clase se han hecho tan conocidos que conla sanción de Webster regularmente se escriben sin mayúscula. Para la mayoríade estos términos hay equivalentes en español igualmente bien establecidos. Muchos amigos que me proporcionaron consejos en la preparación de laobra original me han ayudado de nuevo. Estoy particularmente agradecido alseñor George C. Bunker con quien he pasado muchas horas en Caracas. Ademásde concederme amplio tiempo, me presentó a ingenieros venezolanos de quienesobtuve material de gran valor. Para muchos términos de ingeniería sanitaria. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 6. PREFACIO ixtanto en inglés como en español, tengo que agradecer al señor Edmund B.Besselievre de la Dorr Company y al señor Tomás R. Yglesias de la ciudad deMéxico. El señor Juan de Dios Tejada de la Habana me facilitó su consejoexperto en muchas cosas. El vocabulario de exploración geofísica tanto eninglés como en español me fué suministrado por ingenieros de la Socony VacuumOil Company. L. A. R .Nueva YorkSeptiembre, 1949 www.FreeLibros.com
  • 7. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 8. PREFACE Under the war conditions of 1943, when the original Engineers’ Dictionarywas in preparation, publisher and author agreed that the book ought to be keptdown to about 450 pages. Some material had to be laid aside, and although theresulting book dealt thoroughly with civil engineering, it could not go very farwith the terms of other fields. Shortly after publication of the original book I retired from active work andhave since found ample time to devote to the compilation of a much more com­prehensive dictionary. The items formerly laid aside have been worked in anda mass of new material has been studied. I have consulted many friends inLatin America and from each trip have brought back technical publications ofmany kinds to be worked over for my Spanish terms. I have constantly combedthe engineering periodicals and the newest books in both languages. M y field is still engineering. Frequent references to chemistry, geology, ormetallurgy do not mean that these subjects are covered. Each of them wouldneed a volume of its own. Terms of these and other sciences here included arethose which are regularly npeded in connection with engineering work. Thesame criterion has governed the selection of a very few of the terms of finance,insurance, and transportation. In enlarging the book my principal objectives have been three: 1. T o cover electrical and mechanical engineering much more thoroughly.Radio, of which the first edition had nothing, has been given thorough study.Important terms of television have been included. 2. T o bring all branches of civil engineering up to date. Special attentionhas been given to photogrammetry, soil mechanics, and airport construction. 3. T o include the important terms peculiar to mining, shipbuilding, logging,sugar milling, and oil-field operations. A new feature is the notation of gender with all Spanish nouns. The purpose of a technical dictionary is to furnish information not foundelsewhere. Webster’s is supposed to include every word in the English languageno matter how technical, but it does not cover the phrases that are listed inofficial glossaries of the engineering societies. M any of the words in this bookwill be found also in the best English-Spanish general dictionaries. Broad isfound anywhere and so is irrigation, but not broad irrigation. Buttress is foundand so is thread, but they cannot be combined into an equivalent for buttressthread. M ost of my effort has gone into pinning down the phrases. The listing of machine parts calls for the constant use of judgment. Everymanufacturer has his own list of parts for each machine, and some machineshave parts running into the thousands. The principal members of a machine xi www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 9. xii PREFACEmust be listed, and tfith these, plus terms like bearing, cam, bolt, spring, roller,and valve, equivalents of the vast riiajority of part names may be written easily. In spite of some advice to the contrary I still believe that definitions are outof place in a two-language technical dictionary. The user who turns to slip-ring motor in a book such as this wants the accepted Spanish equivalents of thatterm and is not looking for a description of a slip-ring motor. Definitions wouldadd greatly to the book’s bulk. M y practice has been to define a term only indefault of a satisfactory equivalent or occasionally to avoid ambiguity. Obviously there are many words here, both Spanish and English, that havemeanings other than those given. Nontechnical meanings have usually beenignored, as have those which belong to botany, zoology, or other sciences that,do not concern the engineer. Some of the terms in the original book have been criticized as “ bad Spanish.”One critic tells me that the listing of such terms in any dictionary tends toperpetuate them and does an injury to the language. M y own view is thatthe correctness of technical terms in any language is established by the technicalmen who create them and use them, and the job of the dictionary maker is torecord this usage, This book aims to give the North American technical manthe accepted engineering terminology of Spanish America, and vice versa.Terms taken from official publications, from engineers’ specifications, and fromtextbooks are “ accepted” terms. For many thousands of English technicalterms there are no “ good Spanish1 equivalents, if the Royal Academy is to be ’the criterion. This is the principal reason for the difference between some125,000 entries in the Academy dictionary and 500,000 in Webster’s. Spanish equivalents of English trade names are a problem. The simplestatement that proprietary names cannot be translated does not cover the situa­tion because they are regularly being translated in Spanish-speaking countries.M ány such terms have already appeared in other dictionaries, both straight Spanish and English-Spanish. There are owners of English trade names who have deliberately created Spanish equivalents for use in their advertising. M y rule has been to include every term of this kind that I have found in good technical use. It is to be noted also that there are a great many trade names in English that have become so well known that, with Webster’s approval, they are regularly written without the capital letter. For most of the terms in this class there are Spanish equivalents equally well established. M any friends who advised with me in the preparation of the original book have again been helpful. I am particularly grateful to Mr. George C. Bunker with whom I have spent many hours in Caracas. Besides giving freely of his own time he introduced me to Venezuelan engineers from whom I obtained material of great value. For terms of sanitary engineering, both in English and in Spanish, I have to thank Mr. Edmund B. Besselievre of the Dorr Co. and M r. Tomás R . Yglesias of Mexico City. Señor Juan de Dios Tejada of Havana gave me his expert advice on many questions. The vocabulary of geophysical exploration, both English and Spanish, was furnished by engineers of the Socony Vacuum Oil Co. L. A. R. New York September, 1949 www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 10. ABREVIATURASA Argentina Ec Ecuador Par ParaguayAC América Central Es España Pe PerúB Bolivia Eü Estados Unidos PR Puerto RicoC Cuba F Filipinas RD República DominicanaCol Colombia M México U UruguayCh Chile Pan Panamá. V Venezuelaa adjetivo ds dique seco loco locomotoraaa acondicionamiento ec equipo de construc­ lu lubricación del aire ción m masculinoadv adverbio ed edificio mad maderaag agregados ef explotación forestal mam mamposteríaais aislamiento eléc eléctrico maq maquinariaal alcantarillado em elaboración de mat matemáticaan arquitectura naval maderas mee mecánicoap aeropuerto en engranaje med medidaarq arquitectura es escalera met metalurgiaas aserradero est estructural mg motor de gasolinaase ascensor exc excavación mh máquina-herramientaauto automóvil / femenino min mineríaaz ingenio de azúcar fe ferrocarril miner mineralogía, cristalo­bm bomba fin finanzas grafíaca camino fma fotogrametría mo moldajecab cable for ingeniería forestal mot motor eléctricocal caldera ft ferretería mr mareacarp carpintería fund fundición mrl meteorologíacb caballete geof geofísico ms mecánica de sueloscf calefacción geog geografía mtl materialen construcción naval geol geología, petrografía mv máquina de vaporco camión gr grúa mz mezcladoracom comercial her herrería náut náuticocono concreto herr herramienta nav navegacióncons construcción hid hidráulica of oficinacont contabilidad il ingeniería de ilumi­ op obras portuariasct cemento nación or orugascú cúbico inst instrumento ot obras de tierracuch cucharón irr irrigación pa purificación de aguacv cablevía is ingeniería sanitaria pav pavimentaciónch chapería kilo kilogramo (s) pb plomeríadac disposición del agua lab laboratorio pet petróleo de cloacas lad enladrillado Pi pilotajedi Diesel leg legal pint pinturadiám diámetro lev levantamiento pl paladib dibujo lib libra(s) pr preposición xiii www.FreeLibros.com
  • 11. xiv A B R E V IA T U R A Spte puente s substantivo tub tuberíapulg pulgada (s) seg seguro tún túnelquim quím ica si sierra turb turbinar río sol soldadura tv televisiónra radio sx sondeo de exploración V verbore remache te tractor vá válvularef refuerzos tei teléfono, telégrafo ve ventilaciónrfg refrigeración to techo vi vidriorfr refractarios top topografía v oi voladuraroc rociador autom ático tr transportaciónrs rosca ts tablestacado www.FreeLibros.com
  • 12. ABBREVIATIONSA Argentina DR Dominican Republic Ph PhilippinesB Bolivia Ec Ecuador PR Puerto RicoC Cuba M Mexico Sp SpainCA Central America Pan Panama U UruguayCh Chile Par Paraguay US United StatesCol Colombia Pe Peru V Venezuelaa adjective eng engine mech mechanicalac air conditioning exc excavation met metallurgyact accounting F Fahrenheit mi mileadv adverb fdy foundry min miningag ’ aggregates fin financial miner mineralogy, crystal­ap airport fo forms lographyar architecture for forestry mot motorauto automobile gal gallon (s) mrl meteorologybdg bridge ge gàsoline engine mt machine toolsbl blasting geog geography mtl materialbldg building geol geology,petrography mx mixerbo boiler geop geophysical n nounbs blacksmithing gi girder na naval architecturebu bucket gl glass naut nauticalbw brickwork ht heating (building) nav navigationcab cable hw hardware of officecarp carpentry hyd hydraulics piping Pce construction equip­ il illuminating engi­ pav paving ment neering pb plumbingchém chemistry in. inch (es) pet petroleumci cast iron ini insulation piling Picm centimeter (s) ins insurance pmy photogrammetrycom commercial inst instrument pr prepositionconc concrete irr irrigation pt paintingcons construction kilo kilogram (s) pu pumper crawler lab laboratory pw port worksct cement lb pound (s) qt quart(s)cu cubic Ibr lumber r rivercy cableway leg legal ra radiodd dry dock lg logging rd roadde derrick loco locomotive re rivetdi Diesel lu lubrication reinf reinforcing steeldiam diameter m meter (s) rf roofdwg drafting machy machinery rfg refrigerationea earthwork mas masonry rfr refractorieselee electrical math mathematics rr railroadelev elevator meas measure sa sawmill www.FreeLibros.com
  • 13. xvi A B B R E V IA TIO N Ssb shipbuilding su sugar mill tu trusssd sewage disposal surv surveying tun tunnelse steam engine sw sewerage turb turbinesec second (s) t tool tv ! televisionsen sanitary engineering tb test boring V 1 verbsh shovel tc tractor va valvesk autom atic sprinkler tel telephone, telegraph ve ventilationsm soil mechanics th thread w weldingsml sheet m etal ti tide wp water purificationsp sheet piling tk truck wr wire ropesq square tl trestle ww w oodw orkingst stair top topography str structural tr transportation www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 14. ESPAÑOL-INGLÉS www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 15. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 16. ababán 3 aboquilladoababán m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). ----- de refrangibilidad, chromatic aberration.abacá m, Manila hemp. abertura/, an opening, aperture; open country •ábacom , (ar) abacus; (min) washtrough, buddle; between mountains; cove, small bay. (conc bldg)(M ) drop panel; (A) graph, -----de chispa (eléc), spark gap. chart, nomograph, ----- de dosificación (di), metering passage.abajadero m, downgrade. ----- de la raíz (sol), root opening.abajador m (min) (Es) (M ), tool boy, tool carrier, -----libre, clear span, net opening.abajar, to lower, let down; to fall, descend, aberturas de aligeramiento (cn), lightening holes.abajo adv, down, below, under, abete m (mad), fir, deal.abalanzar, to balance. abetinote m, rosin.abalizar, to buoy; to place beacons; abalizarse abeto m, fir, spruce, hemlock. (náut), to take bearings, -----balsámico, balsam fir.abamperio m (eléc), abampere. ----- bianco, white fir, white spruce.abancalar, to terrace, bench, ----- Douglas, Douglas fir, Oregon pine, red fir,abanderado m (lev), flagman. yellow fir.-----delantero, head flagman. -— negro, black spruce; black hemlock.■-----trasero, back flagman. -----rojo, red fir, Douglas fir, Oregon pine, redabanderar, to register a vessel, spruce.abanico m, fan; anything fan-shaped; small der­ abetunar, to coat or impregnate with pitch, rick or crane; (rr)(C)(PH ) switch target. abey m, jacaranda (and other tropical hard­1 aluvial (r), alluvial fan.— woods),-----de deyección (geol), debris cone. abfaradio m (eléc), abfarad.----- eductor, exhaust fan. abhenrio m (eléc), abhenry.abaniqueo m (auto), shimmy, abierto, open.abarbetar, (naut) to lash, stop; (cab) to serve, abigarrado, (miner) variegated, mottled (soil), seize. abisagrar, to hinge,abarcón m (Es), clamp, cramp, anchor; iron ring, abisal (geol), abyssal,abarloar (náut), to berth, dock, bring alongside, abiselar, to bevel, chamfer,abarquillamiento m (est), crippling, abismal m t shingle nail, clasp nail; a (geol) abys­abarquillar, to warp, curl; abarquillarse, to sal, abysmal. buckle, warp, ----- de tejar, slating nail.abarrancar, to form gullies; abarrancarse, to abismo m (geol), abyss, run aground, abitaque m, a timber; joist,abarrotar, (cons) to place a waler or strongback; abitar, to make fast on a bitt. (naut) to batten; to stow (cargo), abitón m (náut), bitt.abarrotes m, dunnage, abladera / , howel, cooper’s adz.abastar, to furnish, supply, ablandador m (m et)(agua), softener,abastecedor m, supplier, ablandar, to soften; to temper (mortar); ablan­abastecer, to furnish, supply, darse, to soften, become soft,abastecimiento m, supply, furnishing. ablandecer, to soften,-----de agua, water supply. abmho (eléc), abmho.-----de combustible, fueling. abocardado, countersunk; bellmouthed,abastecimientos, abastos m, supplies, abocardador (m) de tubos (cal), tube expander,abasto de agua, water supply, abocardar, to splay; to countersink; to counter­abatanador m (M ), wooden maul, bore.abatible, descending; collapsible, abocardo m, countersink, countersinking drill.abatidero m (Es), drain, gully, gutter, -----de cabeza chata, flathead countersink.abatimiento m, lowering; (str) disassembling; -----de fondo plano, (t) counterbore. (bldg) demolition; (conc) slump; (naut) -----tipo caracol, snail-head countersink. leeway; (machy) disassembly, teardown; -----tipo rosa, rosehead countersink. batter, rake; (pu)(M ) drawdown, abocinado, bellmouthed,abatir, to lower; to knock down, disassemble; to abocinador m, flarer, flaring tool. demolish, raze; (naut) to make leeway; to -----de tubos (cal), tube expander. batter, rake, slope, abocinar, to flare, form with a bellmouth.abculombio m (eléc), abcoulomb. abohmio m (eléc), abohm.abecedario (m) de estarcir, stencil for lettering, abolladura / , dent,abecedario para marcar, marking stamp, abollar, to dent.abedul m (mad), birch, abombar, to crown, arch, camber; abombarse,abelita/, abelite (explosive), to buckle; to warp, bulge; (rd) to mush­aberración /, aberration. room.-----cromática lateral (fma), lateral chromatic abonado, abonada s, subscriber, customer, con­ aberration. sumer (electric current); (rr) commuter,-----cromática longitudinal (fma), longitudinal abonar, to fertilize; (act) to credit, chromatic aberration. abonaré m (com), note,-----de coma (fma), coma. abono m, fertilizer; (rr) commutation,----- de esfericidad, spherical aberration. aboquillado, bellmouthed. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 17. aboquillar 4 acarreoaboquillar, to splay. abronzado m (m in)(M ), name applied to severalabordaje m, abordo wi, fouling of tw o vessels, different ores of copper, collision. absaroquita / (geol), absarokite.abordar (náut), to make a port; to berth at a abscisa / (mat), abscissa, dock; to foul (another vessel), absoluto, absolute (all senses),abovedado m, crown of a road, absorbechoque m, shock absorber,abovedadora / , road shaper, subgrader, absorbedero m (Es), leaching cesspool; sewerabovedar, to arch, vault, crown, catch basin,aboyar, to buoy. absorbedor m, absorbedora / , absorber,abra/, (top) gap, pass; (geog) cove; (min)(geol) absorbedor de choque, shock absorber, fissure; (Col) window sash; (surv) clearing absorbencia / , absorption; absorbency; absorp­ for line of sight, tivity.abrasi&n/, abrasion, (hyd) scour, ----- especifica, specific absorptive index.abrasivo m a, abrasive. absorbente m, absorbent; a absorbent, absorp­-----de acero, crushed steel. tive.abrazadera / , clamp, clip; clevis; cleat; keeper absorber, to absorb; (chem) to occlude, (lock ); (reinf) (Pe) column hoop. absorbible, absorbable,----- antideslizante, (rr) anticreeper; (elec) grade absorciómetro m, absorptiometer. clamp. absorción / (hid) (eléc) (quim), absorption.-----contrafuga (pet), leak clamp. ----- atmosférica (ra), atmospheric absorption.-----de anclaje, rail clamp (crane); (elec) strain ----- del suelo (ra), ground absorption. clamp. absorsor m (A ), absorber.----- de ballesta (auto), spring shackle. abuinche m (Col), kind of machete.-----del cabezal (torno), headstock clamp. abulonar (A), to bolt.-----de carril (fc), rail brace; rail clip. abultar, to bulk, swell.-----de compresión, pinchcock. abvoltio m (eléc), abvolt.• de contacto (sol), contact jaw. — acabado to, finish (surface); finishing coat.-----de la coraza (eléc), armor clamp. ----- a frota mecánica (conc), machine finish.----- de la excéntrica (m v), eccentric strap. ----- brillante, glossy finish.-----de guardacarril (fc), guardrail brace. ----- en frío, cold-finished.-----de hincar (pet), drive clamp. ----- ligado (conc), bonded finish.-----de masa (eléc), ground clamp. ----- mate, flat or dull finish.----- de porcelana (eléc), porcelain cleat. ----- satinado o semimate (ft), satin finish.----- de reparación, repair clamp. acabadora / , finishing machine; finishing tool.----- de servicio (tu b), service clamp. -----de frota (ca), float finisher.• ■de silla (tub), saddle clamp. — ) ----- de subrasante (ca), subgrade planer. -----de taladrar, (p) drilling crow; (str) old man. acabadora-pisonadora (ca), tamping finisher, -----para cable, cable clip. acabar, to finish (all senses), -----para caño, pipe clamp; (A) hose band. acafelar (E s)(Col), to plaster; to wall up a door -----para manguera, hose band or clamp. or window. -----para retenida, guy clamp or clip. acajú m (C) (PH) (R D ) (M ), name applied to var­ -----para viga I, beam clamp. ious trees yielding construction lumber, -----terminal (eléc), dead-end clamp. acalabrotado, cable-laid (rope), hawser-laid; -----universal (mo), Universal clamp (trade­ (elec cab) rope-laid, mark). acamado, on the flat; horizontal, abrazadera-aislador, cleat insulator, acampanado, bellmouthed, bell-shaped, abrazar, to clamp, clip. acampanar, to flare, splay, abrebrechas m (ec), trailbuilder, Gradebuilder, acampar, to cam p; to build a camp, Bullgrader. ácana to / , a West Indian construction timber, abrehoyo m (pet), reamer, hole opener, acanalado, corrugated, fluted, grooved, troughed. abretrochas m (ec), trailbuilder. acanalador m, channeling machine; groover; rab­ abretubos m, (pet) pipe swage; (bo)(M ) tube bet plane. expander. acanaladora / , channeling machine, quarrying -----de rodillos, roller swage. machine; (t) crease, abrevar, to water (horses); to wet down a wall acanaladura / , groove, channel; (ar) flute; (elec) before stuccoing; (pu) to prime, raceway, gutter, abreveredas m (ec), trailbuilder. acanalar, to groove, channel, corrugate, flute; to abridor (m) de llantas (auto)(M ), tire spreader, canalize, abridura/ (m in)(M ), enlargement of a gallery, acantilado m, cliff; a steep, abrigo m, protection, cover; windbreak; harbor; acantita/, acanthite (silver ore), (min) width of a vein of ore. acaparar (com ), to monopolize, corner, control, abrir, to open, unlock, unfasten, acarreadizo, portable; shifting (sand), abrojos m (náut), reef, hidden rocks, acarreador to (tr), carrier. abromado, honeycombed b y the teredo, worm- acarrear, to haul, transport, cart, carry, convey, eaten. acarreo m, hauling, cartage, transportation, haul. abromarse, to become worm-eaten. ----- extra (ot), overhaul. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 18. acarreo aceite -----fluvial, silt, alluvium; river transportation; -----tipó de perilla, ball-pattern handrail fittings. river drift. accidentado, (top) hilly, broken; (Sp)(A)(Ch) ■ fluvioglacial (geol), fluvioglacial drift. ---- injured in an accident,----- hidráulico, sluicing, hydraulicking. accidental (mat) (física), accidental,----- libre (ot), free haul. accidente ra, accidént. acarreos, material carried by a stream, bed load; accidentes geológicos, geologic structural pro* (geol) drift; (min) float ore. jections.-----del escurrimiento (hid), silt runoff. accidentes topográficos o del terreno, hills and-----de glaciar, glacial drift. valleys, acarreto ra (M )(P R ), cartage, hauling, acción/, action. acartelado, bracketed, cantilever, corbeled, -----de anillo (ms), ring action. acartelamiento ra, knee brace; corbel, oversailing, -----disparadora (ra), trigger action. acastillaje ra (cn), freeboard; upper works, -----rápida, de, quick-acting. acceladorra (is), Accelator (trademark), -----simple, de, single-acting. accelofiltro ra (dac), Accelofilter (trademark), acciones, shares of stock. accesibilidad / , accessibility, -----ordinarias, common stock. accesible, accessible, -----preferidas o privilegiadas, preferred stock. acceso m, an approach; access. accionado, driven, actuated, operated.-----dirigido desde tierra (ap), ground-controllod -----a vapor, steam-driven. approach. -----eléctricamente, motor-driven.accesorio ra, fitting, attachment, appurtenancc; -----por correa, belt-driven. a accessory. ----- por engranajes, gear-driven.-----cargador (ec), loader attachment. accionamiento ra, operation, drive.-----de acceso (elóc), access fitting. -----a mano, hand operation.------ do barrenar (em), boring attachment. -----por banda, belt drive.----- de cruce inferior (el6c), crossunder fitting. -----por cadena, chain drive. ■ de dos vías (tub)(C ), Y branch. ---- -----por tornillo sin fin, worm drive.-----de escoplear (em), mortising attachment. accionar, to drive, actuate, operate.----- para fresar (torno), milling attachment. accionista ra /, stockholder.----- solar (tránsito), solar attachment. acebo ra (mad), holly.accesorios, fittings, accessories. acebollada (mad), showing shakes.----- abocinados (tub), flare fittings. acebolladura/ (mad), shake.-----de brida (tub), flanged fittings. aceitado ra, oiling, lubrication.-----de bronce (vá), brass trimmings. aceitador ra, oiler (m an); oil cup, lubricator.-----de cadena, chain attachments. -----a presión, force-feed lubricator.-----de caldera, boiler fittings. -----cuentagotas, sight-feed lubricator.-----de cañería, pipe fittings. -----de línea (perforadora), air-line oiler.----- de circulación (tub), circulating- boiler fit­ aceitaje m, oiling, lubrication, tings. aceitar, to oil, lubricate,-----de compresión (tub), compression fittings. aceite ra, oil.-----de conducto (elóc), conduit fittings. -----aislante, insulating oil.-----de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep fittings. -----antracénico, anthracene oil.-----de grua, derrick fittings or irons. -----bruto, crude oil; oil in bulk.----- de inserción (conc), inserts. ----- cocido (pint), boiled or drying oil.----- de norma (auto), standard equipment. -----combustible, fuel or furnace oil.-----de orejas (tub), drop fittings, -----crudo, raw oil; crude oil.■ de pie (tub), base fittings. ---- -----de alquitrán, tar oil.-----de reborde (tub), beaded or banded fittings. -----de alumbrado, illuminating oil, kerosene.----- de sección completa (tub), full-flow fittings. ----- de azufre, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid.-----de tornillo (tub), screwed or threaded fittings. -----de ballena, train or whale oil.-----de torno, lathe attachments. -----de calefacción, furnace oil.-----de tractor, tractor equipment. -----de carbón, kerosene, coal oil.-----de tubería, pipe fittings. -----de cárter (auto), crankcase oil.-----de unión (tub), union fittings. -----de castor (lu), castor oil.-----de via (fc), track accessories. -----de colza, rape or colza oil.-----de voladura, blasting accessories. -----de creosota, creosote oil, dead oil.-----drenables (tub), drainage fittings. -----de engrase, lubricating oil.■ embridados (tub), flanged fittings. ---- -----de esperma de ballena, sperm oil.-----para árbol de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas- -----de esquisto, shale or schist oil. tree fittings. -----de grasa de cerdo (A), lard oil.-----para cable, cable attachments or fittings or -----de homo, furnace or fuel oil. accessories. -----de lámpara (M ), kerosene.-----partidos (eléc), split fittings. -----de linaza o de lino, linseed oil.-----pendientes (tub), drop fittings. -----de linaza blanqueado, bleached oil.-----soldables (tub), welding fittings; solder-joint -----de maíz, corn oil. fittings. -----de manteca, lard oil. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 19. 6 aceroaceite-----de nabina, rape oil. aceña / (Es), water wheel; water-power mill,----- de palo, tung or China wood oil. acepilladora / , planer, surfacer.----- de perilla, perilla oil. ----- cerrada, closed planer.-----de pescado, train or fish or menhaden oil. ----- de banco, bench planer.-----de ricino, castor or rincinus oil. ----- de engranaje recto, spur-geared planer.— de taladrar, drilling oil. — ----- de engranajes cónicos, bevel-gear planer.-— de trementina, oil of turpentine.^ ----- de herramienta móvil, traveling-head planer.----- de vitriolo, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid. ----- de lado abierto, openside planer.----- esencial, essential or volatile oil. ----- de tornillo sin fin, worm-geared planer.----- fluidificante (ca), flux oil. ----- limadora, shaping planer.----- graso, fatty oil. ----- para curvas, radius planer.-----imprimador (ca), priming oil. ----- vertical, wall or vertical planer.-----isolante (Ec), insulating oil. acepilladura / , planing.-----lampante (Es), light oil; kerosene. acepilladuras, wood shavings, cuttings, turnings,-----lubricante de motor, motor oil. acepillar, to plane, dress, face, mill; to brush,-----mate (pint), flatting oil. aceptación / (com), acceptance.-----1 mineral, mineral oil, petroleum. -----libre, clean or general acceptance.■-----mineral de foca, mineral seal oil. aceptador m, aceptante (com ), acceptor.-----mineral de manteca, mineral lard oil. aceptar, to accept.-----muerto, dead or creosote oil. aceptor m (quim)(ra), acceptor.-----para máquinas, machine or engine oil. acequia/, irrigation ditch, canal; (Pe) brook.----- para temple (met), quenching oil. — derivada, branch canal.-----quemado (auto) (C ), crankcase oil. ----- evacuadora, return ditch.----- secante (pint), boiled or drying oil. ----- madre o maestra o troncal, main canal.-----soluble, soluble or cutting oil. acequiador m, irrigation workman, ditch digger,-----volátil, volatile or essential oil. acequiaje m, irrigation dues,-— vulcanizado, factice, vulcanized oil. acequiar, to ditch. aceitera/, oiler, oilcan; oil cup. acequiero m (irr), canal tender, ditch-mainte- -----a presión, squirt can. nance man. -----con gota visible, sight-feed oil cup. ácer m, maple. -----cónica, pyramid oiler. acera/, sidewalk, footwalk; (Sp) face of a wall. -----de linea, air-line oiler (drill). ■ •de transporte, moving sidewalk, — -----de mecha, wick oiler. aceración (/) superficial (met), chilling, -----de resorte, oil gun. acerar, (met) to chill, harden; (mas) to face with -----ferrocarrilera, railroad oiler. stone; (Col) to stucco; to lay a sidewalk, aceitería / , oil house. acería / , steel mill, aceitero m, oiler (m an); a Cuban hardwood. acero m, steel. aceitSero (M ), oil-bearing. -----al carbono, carbon steel. aceitillo m (P R ), a hardwood. — al cobre, copper-bearing steel. aceitón m, (lu) olive oil. -----al hogar abierto, open-hearth steel. aceitosidad / , lubricity. -----al manganeso, manganese steel. aceitoso, oily. ----- al níquel, nickel steel. aceleración / , acceleration. ----- Bessemer, Bessemer steel. -----casual (fm a), random acceleration. ■-----cementado, casehardened or blister steel. -----de entrada (hid), entrance acceleration. ----- cobaltocromo, cobalt-chrome steel. -----de gravedad, acceleration of gravity. -----colado, cast steel. - — negativa, deceleration, negative acceleration, ----- colado de crisol, crucible cast steel. retardation. ----- cromado, chromium steel. acelerador m, (auto) (chem) (mas) (sk) (pmy) ac­ — cromoniquel, chrome-nickel steel. celerator; (met) energizer. ------ cromovanadio, chrome-vanadium steel. ----- de fraguado, accelerator of cement setting. ----- de aleación pobre, low-alloy steel. -----de mano (auto), hand throttle. ----- de aleación rica, high-alloy steel. -----de pedal (auto), foot accelerator. -----de alta velocidad, high-speed steel. -----de reacción (quim ), catalyst, accelerator. ----- de alto carbono, high-carbon steel. -----de taladrado, drill speeder. ----- de arado superior, improyed plow steel. acelerante m (quim ), accelerante. ----- de construcción, structural steel. acelerar, to accelerate. ----- de crisol, crucible steel. acelerógrafo m, accelerograph (earthquake), ----- de fácil tallado, free-cutting steel. acelerograma m, accelerogram, -----de herramientas, tool steel. acelerómetro m, accelerometer. ----- de horno eléctrico, electric steel. -----integrador, integrating accelerometer. ----- de liga, alloy -steel. -----registrador, recording accelerometer. -----de lingote o de tochos, billet or new-billet acendrar, to refine. steel. acéntrico,i acentric, -----: de nitruración, nitrided steel. acentuación / (ra), accentuation, ----- de textura orientada, grain-oriented steel acentuador m (ra), accentuator. ----- desplegado, expanded steel (pole). www.FreeLibros.com
  • 20. acero 7 acope -----dulce, mild or soft or low-carbon steel, (sb) -----asumido, assumed azimuth. flange steel. -----de atrás, back azimuth. ----- empavonado, blue steel. -----de cuadrícula, grid azimuth. •----encerrado, rimmed steel. - -----de frente, forward azimuth. ----- encobrado, copper-bearing steel. -----terrestre (fm a), ground azimuth. ----- fundido, cast steel. ----- verdadero, true azimuth. ----- harveyizado, Harveyized steel. acimutal, azimuthal, ----- inmanchable o inoxidable, stainless or rust­ acitara/, partition wall; curtain walL less steel. aclarador m, clarifier. -----intermedio, medium steel. aclarar, to clarify, ----- manganésico, manganese steel. aclástico, aclasto, aclastic (optics),----- mediano, medium or medium-carbon steel. acle m (F), a construction lumber,----- moldeado, cast steel. aclimatar, to acclimatize,----- muerto, killed steel. aclínico, aclinic.----- para nitruracion, nitriding steel, nitralloy. a cm ita / (miner), acmite (pyroxene),----- perfilado, structural shapes, rolled steel sec­ acó m (V ), a construction lumber, tions. acodadera /, stonecutter’s chisel,-----rápido, high-speed steel. acodado to, a bend; a bent to an angle.-----relaminado, rerolled steel. -----abierto (tub), eighth bend.-----semimuerto, semikilled steel. -----recto (tub), quarter bend.----- Siemens-Martin, open-hearth steel. acodalamiento m, shoring, trench bracing,----- suave, soft or mild or low-carbon steel. acodalar, to shore, brace; acodalarse, to jam.----- tapado, capped steel. acodamiento m, bend, elbow; shoring, trencb-----ultrarrápido, high-speed steel. bracing.acerocromo m, chromium steel, acodar, to bend; to shore, brace; to square upaceroniquel m, nickel steel, (surv) to offset,acerrojar, to bolt (door); (str) (C) to bolt, acodillado, bent to an angle; (str) crimped,acetaldehido m (lab), acetaldehyde. acodilladora/ (cn), joggling machine,acetato m, acetate. acodillar, to bend to an angle; acodillarse, to-----butilico, butyl acetate. jackknife.----- cúprico, cupric or copper acetate. acojinar, to cushion.----- de alfa-naftilamina, alpha-naphthylamine acolchado, n riprap, apron, hearth; a (cab) acetate. strand-laid,-----de uranio o de uranilo, uranyl acetate. acolchar, to cushion; to lay (rope),acético, acetic, acolchonar, to cushion,acetilénico, acetylenic. acollador to, calker; calking tool,acetileno m, acetylene. acollar, to calk with oakum,acetiluro de cobre, copper or cuprous acetylide. acombar, to warp, buckle,acetina f t acetin. acometer, (p) (sw) (min) to branch,acetol m, acetol, acetyl carbinol. acom etida/, (p)(sw) house connection; branch.acetona / , acetone, dimethyl ketone. -----de cable, electric service connection.aciberar, to grind, pulverize. acometimiento to, house connection,acíclico (eléc), acyclic. acomodado a imano, hand-placed (rock fill),aciculita / , needle ore, aikinite. acomodamiento to (cab) (M ), lay.aciche m, paver’s hammer. acomodar, to place, arrange, fit in.acidez / , acidity. acomodo to, (V) assembly, framing,acidiñcar, to acidify, (pet) to acidize, acompañado to (Col), conduit, pipe trench,acidimetro m, acidimeter. acompañar, (Ch) to fill holes in a wall, to chinkácido m a, acid. aconcharse, to run aground; (Ch) to deposit----- acético glacial, glacial acetic acid. sediment,----- bórico, boric or boracic or orthoboric acid. acondicionador to (aa) (dac) (pa) (pet), condi­----- carbólico, carbolic acid, phenol. tioner.----- carbónico, carbonic acid. -----de agua, water softener or conditioner.-----clorhídrico o hidroclórico, hydrochloric or -----de cienos (dac), sludge conditioner. muriatic acid. -----de lodo (pet), mud conditioner.----- de acumulador, battery acid. -----de radiación o de tubos (aa), surface-type----- fénico, carbolic acid, phenol. conditioner.----- hidriódico, hydriodic acid, hydrogen iodide. -----de rocío (aa), spray-type conditioner.-----lodoso (pet), sludge acid. -----enterizo o unitario (aa), unit conditioner.----- nitrohidroclórico o nitromuriático, nitrohy- acondicionamiento to, conditioning, drochloric acid, aqua regia. acondicionar, to condition; to repair, overhaul,-----sulfúrico, sulphuric acid, oil of vitriol. acopación/ (mad), cupping,-----tánico, tannic acid, tannin. acopado, hollowed out, cupped, cup-shaped,ácidos grasos, fatty acids, acopar, to cup, hollow out; (min) to batter (sidsacidular, to acidulate, (pet) to acidize, timbers).acimut m, azimuth. acope to (min), Jbatter of side timbers. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 21. acopiar 8 acuamotoiacopiar, to store, stock, ----- semirras (tub), semiflush joint.acopio to, storage, (hyd) pondage . ----- sin rosea, threadless coupling.-----de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage. -----universal, universal joint.-----en las riberas (hid), bank storage. acoplar, to couple, join, connect, hook up.-----muerto, dead storage. acople to (A), acoplo to (C), a coupling,-----para uso (hid), conservation storage. acorazado a, armored; enclosed; (elec) ironclad,acoplado to, (A) trailer; (U) tow of barges. acorchado, lined with cork,-----directamente, direct-connected. acordamiento m, pieza de, transition piece,acoplador m, a coupling, coupler. acordar, to make level or flush; (ra) to tune,-----ajustable (ra), loose coupler. acordelar, to lay out with a chalk line,-----de union (tub), union coupling acordonado, cord (tire),acopladura/, coupling, joint, connection, acordonar (ca)(C h)(U ), to windrow,acoplamiento m, coupling, splice, joint, connec­ acortar, to shorten; acortarse, to contract, shrink, tion; (A) clutch; (carp) accouplement. shorten,-----a bayoneta, bayonet coupling. acorvar, to bend,-----al ras, flush joint. acostarse, to get out of plumb,-----cadena (ra)(A), link coupling. acostillado, ribbed.-----capacitivo (ra), capacitive or electrostatic acotación / , elevation or dimension marked on a coupling. plan; boundary mark or monument; (C)-----cerrado (ra), close coupling. elevation.-----cónico, cone coupling. acotamiento to, setting boundary monuments; -----corriente (tub), standard coupling. dimensioning; (M ) shoulder of a road, -----crítico (ra), critical or optimum coupling. acotar, to mark elevations, dimension; (surv) to -----de ajuste, flexible coupling. mark out, set monuments, ----- de bobina de reactancia (ra), choke coupling. acotillo to, sledge, striking hammer, -----de bridas (maq), flange coupling. acre to, acre. • de casquillos de caucho, rubber-bushing —- acrecencia/, acrecimiento m (geol)(for), accre­ coupling. tion. -----de compresión, compression coupling. acreedor to, creditor, -----de dilatación, expansion joint. acrepié to, apre-foot. -----de disco flexible, flexible-disk coupling. acrepulgada / , acre-inch, -----de doble cono, double-cone coupling. acribar, to screen, sift, -----de engranajes fijos, fixed-gear coupling. acribillar, to perforate, riddle, -----de garras, clutch or jaw or claw coupling. acrisolar, to assay; to refine, -----de inserción (tub), inserted joint. acromático, achromatic, -----de manguito, sleeve coupling. aerómetro m, oleometer, aerometer, ----- de pestaña, flange coupling. acta / , memorandum of action signed b y parties -----de planchitas empaquetadas, eushioned-plate thereto, coupling. actas, minutes of a meeting, -----de reacción (ra), choke coupling. actinico, actinic, -----de resistencia (ra), resistance coupling. actinio to (quim), actinium, -----de rosea (tub), screwed or threaded joint. actinismo to, actinism, -----de rosca escalonada (tub), step-thread joint. actinodieléctrico, actinodielectric. -----de Sellers, cone or Sellers coupling. actinoelectricidad / , actinoelectricity. -----débil (ra), weak or loose coupling. actinofónico, actinophonic. -----dentado, clutch or jaw coupling. actinografía / , actinography. -----electromagnético, magnetic clutch. actinógrafo to, actinograph. -----en cascada (eléc), cascade connection. actinograma to, actinogram. -----entreválvula (ra), intervalve coupling. actinolita, actinota / (miner), actinolite (amphi- -----eslabón (ra)(A), link coupling. bole). -----jstrecho (eléc), close or tight coupling. actinologia / , actinology. -----flexible a correa, belt-type or flexible-band actinometría/, actinometry. coupling. actinométrico, actinometrie. -----Heriblt) de ajuste doble, doubler-slider cou­ actinómetro to, actinometer. pling. actinomicetales (is), Actinomycetales. -----flojo (ra)(Es), weak or loose coupling. activable (is), activable. -----fluido (auto)(A), fluid drive. activador to (quim), activator, promoter. -----hidráulico, fluid drive. activar, to activate. -----impulsor, impulse coupling. activo m, assets; a (chem) active. -----intervalvular (ra), intervalve coupling. ----- circulante, working capital, liquid assets. -----óptimo (ra), optimum or critical coupling. ----- invisible, good will. -----por impedancia (ra), impedance coupling. actuador to, actuator, -----por resistencia-capacidad (ra), resistance- actuante m (Es), actuator, capacitance coupling. actuar, to actuate, drive, operate, -----recalcado interior (tub), internal upset joint. acuagel to (pet), aquagel. -----resistivo (ra), resistive or resistance coupling. acuamotor m (Es), hydraulic ram. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 22. acuarela 9 aditivo acuarela / , water color, wash drawing, adala f, dale, spout, trough. acuático, aquatic . -----de bomba, pump dale. acuatizaje m (ap), landing on the water, adamantino (miner), adamantine, acueducto ro, aqueduct, conduit, flume; water adam elita/ (geol), adamelite, plagioclase-granite system, waterworks, adaptador m, (mech)(ra) adapter; (p) transition ácueo, aqueous. piece, fitting. ácueoglacial (geol), aqueoglacial. -----de antena (ra), antenna adapter or elimina­ ácueoígneo (gool), aqueoigneous. tor. acuerdar, to lay out with a chalk line, -----de onda (ra), wave adapter. acuerdo m, agreement; resolution, decree, -----de válvula (ra), valve adapter. acuerdo, pieza de (tub), fitting; transition piece, -----para tubería (pet), casing adapter. acuicierre m, acuiclusa / , aquiclude (geohydrol- adaptar, to fit. og¿). adaraja/, bondstone; (conc) bonding key; tooth­ acuifero, water-bearing, ing. acuifuga/, aquifuge (geohydrology), adelantador (m) de fases (eléc), phase advancer, acumulación / , accumulation; (geoi) accretions, adelantar, to advance (all senses), acumulador m, (mech) accumulator; (elec) stor- adelante, ahead; forward. ^ aga battery or cell; (ac) cumulator. adelanto ro, progress; advance payment; (se) ácido de plomo, lead acid or lead-lead acid (geop) lead, cell. adelgazador m (pint), thinner. x -----compensador, floating battery. adelgazar, to make thin; to taper, skive; to do alta gravedad, high-gravity battery. soften (water); to thin (paint); to cut■----de baja gravedad, low-gravity battery. - back (asphalt), -----de hierro-níquel, nickel-iron or Edison stor­ adema / (min), shore, prop, age .battery. ademado ro, timbering, bracing, shoring; (M) -----de plomo-cinc, lead-zinc cell. well casing. -----de vapor, steam accumulator. -----de cajón, cribwork. empastado (eléc), pasted battery. ademador ro, timberman, shorer. -----flotante, floating battery. ademadora /, ax used in mine timbering,-----hidráulico, hydraulic accumulator. ademar, to shore, timber,-----hidroneumático, hydropneumatic accumu­ ademe m (min), strut, shore. lator. -----de prestado, temporary timbering.-----Plante, Planté battery. adentar, to tooth,acumuladorista m (M ), battery-maintenance adentelladura/, toothing. man. adentellar, to tooth; (conc) to form bondingacumulativo, cumulative, keys,acuñador {m) de balasto (fc), ballast tamper, adentro adv, inside.acuñamiento m (geol), thinning out of a vein, aderezadora /, (mech) dresser; buzz planer,acuñar, to wedge, choclc, key; to jam ; to tamp aderezar, to fit out, rig, equip; to dress, rectify (ties); acuñarse, to jam. aderezo ro, dressing (belt, etc.).acuoso, aqueous, adeudar (cont), to debit,acuosoluble, soluble in water, adherencia /, adhesion, bond,acuotubular (cal), watertube. adherente, adhesive,acústica/, acoustics, adherirse, to adhere, cohere,acústico, acoustic, adhesión/, adhesion, bond; (w) freezing,acutángulo, acute-angled, adhesivo, adhesive,achaflanar, to bevel, chamfer, splay, adiabático, adiabatic,acharolar, to japan; to varnish, adiactxnico, adiactinic.achatador m (her), flatter, adiatérmico, adiathermic.achatar, to flatten, a dición/, addition,achicador m, bailer. adicionante m (conc)(M ), admixture,-----de lodo (pet), mud socket. adicional ro (conc)(A ), admixture,■ de sótanos, cellar drainer,— a d in ola / (geol), ¿tdinole.achicadura / , unwatering, bailing, drainage, adintelar (Col), to place a lintel, draining. aditamento ro, a fitting, attachment, accessoryachicar, to unwater, bail out, drain, (auto) equipment; (conc)(Col) insert.achifionado (min)(Ch), sloping, -----de muela (torno), grinding attachment.achiguar (A)(Ch), to bulge, buckle, -----de taladrar (em), boring attachment.achique m, unwatering, bailing, draining, -----para fresar (torno), milling attachment.acholole m (irr)(M ), excess water that runs off. aditamentosachololear (irr)(M ), to run off (excess water), -----de cadena, chain attachments.acliololera / (irr)(M ), ditch to collect excess -----de tractor, tractor equipment. water. -----de tubería (Col), pipe fittings.achurada/ (dib)(M ), hatching, aditivo ro, additive; (elec) addition agent; aachurar (dib)(M ), to hatch, additive.ad valórem, ad valorem. -----de combustible, fuel dope. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 23. 10 aeroplanoaditivo-----polvo (conc), powdered admixture en . ----- de cono múltiple, multicone aerator.adjudicar, to award, let (contract), ----- de com ente descendente, downdraft aera­adjudicatario to, successful bidder, tor.administración / , administration, management; ----- de escobilla, brush aerator. manager’s office; headquarters. ----- de paletas, paddle aerator.• delegada, agency form of contract, cost plus.— -----de placas deflectoras, baffle-plate aerator.----- judicial, receivership. aerear, to aerate,administrador m, manager. aéreo, aerial,-----auxiliar, assistant manager. aerífero, containing air.-----de obras, construction manager. aerificar, to aerify,-----interino, acting manager. aeriforme, aeriform,-----judicial, receiver. aeroacetilénica, air-acetylene (welding),adm isión/, (eng) admission, intake. aeroacondicionamiento m (A ), air conditioning,-----total (turb), full admission. aeroaltemador to (U), alternator driven b y aadmitancia / (eléc), admittance. windmill,-----de entrada (ra), input admittance. aerobacter (is), aerobacter.-----electródica (ra), electrode admittance. aerobase / , air base, aviation base, adobar, to apply dressing (belt, etc.). aeróbico, aerobic, adobe m, adobe, mud construction; unburned aerobio to, aerobe, brick; kind of loess; (bl) mudcap. a erob iosis/ (is), aerobiosis. adobera/, mold for adobe brick; adobe brickyard, aerocart&grafo to (fma), aerocartograph; aerial adobería / , adobe brickyard, photographic surveyor, adobo to, belt dressing; cable compound, aerocreto, aeroconcreto to (Col), (conc) Aero- adobón m, (Ch) one pour of adobe wall; (V) crete (trademark), large brick, aerocroquis m (fma), mosaic, adoquín m, stone paving block. aerodinám ica/, aerodynamics, -----de asfalto, asphalt block. aerodinamicista, aerodynamicist. -----de madera, wood paving block. aerodinámico, streamlined; aerodynamic, adoquinado m, block paving. aeródromo to, airport. ----- granítico, granite-block paving. aeroeléctrica, planta (M ), wind-driven generat­ adoquinador to, paver, ing plant. adoquinar, to pave with blocks, aeroembolismo m (A), the bends, caisson disease, adosar, to abut against, back up to. aeroexpreso to (tr), air express, adovelado (arco), built of voussoirs. aeroeyector to (hid) (Es), air lift, adrales m, sideboards or racks of a truck. aerofaro to, airway beacon, -----sobresalientes, flareboards. aerofiltración / , aerofiltration. adrizar (náut), to trim, right, aerofiltro m, aerofilter. adsorbedor to (aa), adsorber, aerófono to, aerophone, adsorbente, adsorbent, aerófora / (min), aerophore. adsorber, to adsorb, aerofotografia / , aerial photography, aeropho- adsorción, adsorption, tographj^. aduana / , customhouse. aerofotogràfico, aerophotographic. aduanar, to enter in the customhouse; to pay aerofotograma to, aerial photogram, duty; to put in bond, aerofotogrametria / , aerial photogrammetry, aduanero m, customs official, aerosurveying. aduja / , coil (rope). aerofotogramétrico, aerophotogrammetric. adujadas /, coils, aerofototopografia /, topography b y aerial pho­ adujar, to coil. tography, adulzar, to soften (metals or water), aerogasolina / , aviation gasoline, advección / , advection. aerógeno a, aerogenic. advectivo, advective. aerógenos m (is), aerogenes. adyacente (mat), adjacent, contiguous, aerografia /, aerography. aeración/, aeration. aerogràfico, aerographic. -----de dos etapas, two-stage aeration. aerógrafo m (ra), aerograph, -----graduada (dac), tapered aeration. aerograma to, aerogram; (pmy) aerial mosaic, -----por vertedero, weir aeration. aerohidrodinámico, aerohydrodynamic. aerar, to aerate, aerolita /, aerolite (aluminum alloy), aereador m, aerator. aeromagnético, aeromagnetic. -----a difusión, diffusion aerator. aeromecánica /, aeromechanics, -----a rocío, spray aerator. aeromecánico, aeromechanical. -----a salpicadura, splash aerator. aerometria / , aerometry. -----de aspiración mecánica, forced-draft aerator. aerómetro to, aerometer, -----de batea de coque, coke-tray aerator. aeromotor to, aeromotor; (Sp)(U) windmill, ------ de boquilla, nozzle aerator. aeronafta / , aviation gasoline, -----de cascadas o de escalones, cascade or step aeronivelación/ (A), aerial leveling, aerator. aeroplano m, airplane. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 24. aeropoligonación 11 agente aeropoligonación / (fma), aerial traversing, -----de flotador, float gage. aeroproyección/ (fma), aeroprojection . -----de gancho, hook gage. aeroproyector m (fma), aeroprojector. ------ de resalto, standing-wave flume. aeropuerto m, airport. -----registrador, recording gage. ----- aduanero, airport of entry. aforar, to measure; (r) to gage; to appraise, ----- de control, control airport. aforo m, (r) gaging, measurement; appraisal;----- de enlace, feeder airpprt. classification (freight). -----de todo tiempo, all-weather airport. ----- americano (A), American wire gage.----- marítimo, seaplane base, marine airport. -----con disolución salina (hid), salt-dilution aeropulverizador m, compressed-air atomizer, method of gaging. aerosimplex (fma), aerosimplex. ----- de Birmingham (A), Birmingham wire gace. aerosol m (aa), aerosol, -— por flotadores (hid), float gaging. aerostática / , aerostatics, ----- por inercia-presión (hid), inertia-pressure aerostático, aerostatic, method of gaging. aerotécnico, aerotechnical. -----por molinete (hid), current-meter gaging. aerotopógrafo m (fma), aerotopograph. ----- por velocidad de sal (hid), salt-velocity aerotransporte m, air transport, method of gaging.aerotriangulación / , aerial triangulation, aerotri- -----químico (hid), chemical gaging, salt-dilution angulation. method.aerovía/, airway. aforrar, to line, sheathe; (fo) to lag; (cab) to----- de cable, aerial tramway. serve.afallamiento m (geol)(M ), faulting, aforro m, lining, sheathing, lagging; (cab) serv­afanita/ (geol), aphanite. ing.afanítico, aphanitic. aftita/, aphtit (alloy).afeitanar,,to cut off rivetheads. aftitalita / (miner), aphthitalite, glaserite, arca/-aferrar, to bind with iron clamps; to grapple; to nite. anchor, moor; aferrarse (maq), to seize, agar m (lab), agar. freeze, -----de bilis, bile agar.afianzador m, fastener. -----nutritivo, nutrient agar.afianzar, to tie, make fast; to bond (employee), agar-agar, agar-agar.afiladera / , sharpener, whetstone, agargantado (Es), grooved.afilado, (t) sharp. agarrabolsas / (fc), mailbag catcher, mail crane.-----a máquina (herr), machine-dressed. agarradera/, handle, grip, haft; clamp.afilador irri) de barrenas, drill sharpener. ----- D, D handle (shovel); spade handle (decafiladora (/) de brocas, bit grinder. switch).afilar, to sharpen, whet, grind. -----de cinta (lev), tape grip.afilón m, sharpening stone. ----- de pistola, pistol grip.afinación/, affination; finishing; refining. ----- de puerta, door pull.afinado m, finish (surface). -----de serrucho, saw pad.afinadora/, (rd) finisher; surfacer. ----- de ventana, sash lift.afinar, to finish; to refine; to regulate, adjust. agarradero m, clamp; handle, grip; (naut) an­afinidad / (quim), affinity. choring ground.----- electrónica, electron affinity. ----- de cable, cable clip.afino m, refining; (met) fining, ----- de puerta, doorknob; door pull.afirmadero m (Ch), strut, shore, agarrador m, handle, grip; (re) passer; (lg) dog­afirmado m, road surfacing, pavement; (V) road­ ger. bed. ----- de riel (herr fc ), gripper.afirmar, to make fast; (ea) to compact; (rd) to ----- de tensión (lev), tension handle (for tape). pave. -----de tubo (pet), tubing catcher.aflojar, to loosen, slack; aflojarse, to get loose, agarradora / (ef), skidding grab, work loose, loosen up, start, agarradurmientes m (fc)(M ), tie tongs,afloramiento m, outcrop; (conc) (A) bleeding, agarrar, to grip, grapple; agarrarse (maq), toaflorar, to crop out, outcrop; to emerge (ground seize, freeze, drag (brake), water). agarratubos m (pet), tubing catcher,afluencia / (hid), runoff, inflow. agarre m, (re) (mech) grip,afluente m a, tributary. agarrotar (ef), to choke.afluir, to flow in. agencia (/) de colocaciones, employment agency,aflujo m, inflow, runoff; afflux. labor exchange,afolador m, calking iron, calking chisel; calker. agente m, agent.afolar (cal), to calk. ----- catalítico, catalytic agent.afondar, afondarse (náut), to sink. -----comprador, purchasing agent.aforador m, stream gage; gager; appraiser. -----de aduana (C), customhouse broker.----- de aduana, customs appraiser. -----de carga (fc), freight agent.•----de alambre y pesa, wire-weight gage.- -----de equipajes (fc), baggage agent.----- de cadena, chain gage. -----de via (fc) (A ), roadmaster, supervisor.-----de cinta, tape gage. -----expedidor, forwarding agent. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 25. agente 12 aguas----- meteórico, atmospheric agency . ----- de complemento (cal), make-up water.-----químico, chemical agent. ----- de consolidación (ms), water of compaction.-----reductor (quím), reducer, reducing agent. ----- de constitución (quím ), water of constitution.agitador m, agitator, mixer. ----- de elaboración, process water, (conc) mixing----- de chorro, jet agitator. water.agitar, to agitate, stir. ----- de enjuague (M ), (wp) wash water.aglom eración/, agglomeration. ----- de expulsión (geol) (A), water of compaction.aglomerado m, (geol) agglomerate; coal briquet. ----- de fondo (pet), bottom water.aglomerante m, binder, matrix. ----- de formación (geol)(A), connate water.----- para machos (fund), core binder. ----- de gravedad (irr)(ms), gravitational oraglomerar, to agglomerate, gravity or free water.aglutinador m, binder, cementing material, ----- de hidratación (quím), water of hydration.aglutinante m, cementing material; (elec) binder, ----- de imbibición (irr), water of absorption or aglutinar, to agglutinate; to cement, bind; of imbibition. aglutinarse, to cake, ----- de lavado (filtro), wash water. agojía / (min), drain, ----- de noria (M ), well water. agojo m, a Philippine lumber, ----- de pie, spring water. agolparse (M ), to jam. — - de reemplazo o de rellenar (cal), make-up agónico, agonic, water. agotador m, exhauster. ----- de salida, tail water (powerhouse). agotamiento m, depletion; exhaustion; drainage; ----- de tormenta, storm water. running down. ----- delgada, soft water. -----de metales, fatigue of metals. ----- dulce, fresh water; (su) sweet water. agotar, to drain, unwater, evacuate; to exhaust, ----- estancada, standing or stagnant water. run down, ----- freática, ground or suspended water. agradación/ (geol), aggradation, ----- freática a gravedad (irr), gravity ground agramilar, to mark with a marking gage, to mark water. out. ----- freática afluente, influent ground water. agrandahoyos m (pet), reamer, hole enlarger, ----- freática efluente, effluent ground water. agregado m, (conc) (rd) (geol) aggregate, road ----- fuerte, aqua fortis, nitric acid. metal. ----- gorda o gruesa, hard or brackish water. -----coloidal (pet), admixture. ----- libre (ms) (irr), free water. -----en polvo (conc), powdered admixture. ----- llovediza o llovida o pluvial, rain water. -----escalonado o graduado, graded aggregate. ----- muerta, still or stagnant water; slack water. -----grueso, coarse aggregate. ----- pelicular (ms), pellicular water. -----premezclado (conc), premixed aggregate. ----- pluvial de albañal, storm sewage. -----tal como sale, run-of-bank aggregate. ----- potable, drinking or potable water; domestic agregados (mee) (A), attachments, accessories, water supply. agremiado m, union man; a unionized, — regia, aqua regia, nitrohydrochloric acid. agremiar, to unionize. ■ ■singenética (geol) (A), connate water. — agrietamiento m, (geol) jointing; (lbr) checking, ----- solidificada (ms), solidified water. agrietarse, to crack, (lbr) to check, ----- subálvea, water in the bed of a stream. agrillétar, to fasten with a shackle, —— subterránea adherida, attached ground agrimensor m, surveyor, land surveyor. water. -----de minas, mine surveyor. -----subterránea aislada, perched ground water. agrimensura / , land surveying, ----- subterránea endicada (A), perched ground agrio, brittle; harsh; sour. water. -----al frío (met), cold-short. ----- subterránea fijada (A), attached ground agrónomo m, agricultural engineer, agronomist, water. agramador m (pa), flocculator, floe former, -----subyacente (pet), bottom or edge water. agrupación/ , grouping, banking; (ra) ganging, —r- superior (pet), top water. agrupar, to group, bank, ----- surgidora o surtidora, artesian water. agu a/, water. ----- vadosa (geol) (A ), vadose water. basta o bruta, raw or untreated water. ----- viva, running or flowing water. blanda, soft water. aguas capilar (ms)(irr), capillary water. -----abajo, downstream. -— connata (geol), connate or fossil water. ----- altas, high water. -----corriente, running or flowing water; water- -----aprovechables, water resources. distribution system. ----- arriba, upstream. —— erada, raw or unfiltered water; hard water. -----bajas, low water. dé albañal, sewage. -----blancas (Es)(A )(Pe), storm-water drainage. de alimentación (cal), feed water. -----broncas (M ), flood waters. de cal, limewater. -----caseras (Es)(Pe), domestic sewage. de cantera, quarry water. -----cloacales combinadas, combined sewage. de cohesión (ms), cohesive water. -----cloacales de infiltración, ground or infiltra­ — de cola, glue water. tion water. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 26. aguas 13 agujero -----cloacales industriales, industrial or trade (herr), sharpening, aguce to wastes. agudeza /, sharpness, -----cloacales pluviales, storm sewage. agudizar, to sharpen, -----cloacales sanitarias, sanitary or house or agudo, sharp, acute; sharp (curve), domestic sewage. agüera / , irrigation ditch, ■ cloacales separadas, separate sewage. ---- aguiero m (Es), round shoring timber, ----- corrientes (A), municipal water supply. aguilón m, (de) boom, jib , mast arm; (rf) ----- de cabecera (PR), (r) headwaters. beveled tile at hip or valley; (rf) diagonal ----- de fregadero (al), sink water. horizontal tie. ----- de retroceso (P R ), tail water (powerhouse). -----acodado, gooseneck boom. ------ estiales, low water. -----activo, live boom. -----excluidas (Pe), sewage. ----- de grúa, crane boom ; derrick boom. -----fecales, sewage, sanitary sewage. ----- de pala, shovel boom. -----industriales, industrial wastes or sewage. -----para carga pesada (cn), heavy-lift or jurabo ----- inmundas, sewage. boom. ----- juveniles (geol), juvenile waters. -----para pala de cable de arrastre, dragline meteóricas, rain or storm water; meteoric boom. waters. aguja / , needle; (rr) switch point; (hyd) needle mínimas, low water. beam; (carp) brad, finishing nail; (inst) -----negras, sewage, domestic or house sewage. hand, needle; (cons) shore, spreader; (min) pluviales, rainfall. small branch vein; (surv) marking pin, -----rejuvenecidas (geol), rejuvenated water. arrow; (fo) spreader. ■ residuales domiciliarias, house or domestic >— -----aérea, aerial frog (trolley wire). sewage. ------ de agrimensor, surveyor’s marking pin, -----residuales industriales, industrial wastes. arrow. ■----servidas, sewage. - -----de brújula, compass needle. servidas caseras, house sewage. -----de cadeneo (lev), marking pin, arrow. someras (A), surface water. -----de cambio o de carril o de chucho (fc) suspendidas, suspended water. switch point or blade. telúricas (A ), ground or well water. -----de carril cortado (fc)(Es), stub switch. ■ vertientes (hid), runoff, — -----de Gillmore (lab), Gillmore needle. aguabresa / (Es), soil pipe, -----de inclinación, dipping needle. aguacero m, heavy shower, downpour, cloud­ ----- de manómetro, hand of a pressure gage. burst. -----de marcar, scriber. -----presumido (hid), design storm, assumed rain­ ■ -----de marear, mariner’s compass. fall. -----de medición, (surv) tally pin, arrow; (ge) aguachinar (Es), to saturate (soil). metering pin. aguada / , water station; flood; (pt) kalsomine; -----de pared (cd), needle. (CA) watering trough, -----de plasticidad (ms), plasticity needle. aguadero m, water station, -----de polvorero, blasting needle. aguador to, waterboy, water carrier, ----- de velero, sail needle. aguaducho m, conduit; flood, ----- de Vicat (lab), Vicat needle. aguaje m, tiderace; tidal wave; hydraulic bore; - — descarriladora (fc), derail switch. (C)(Ec) heavy shower; (M) well; (M) -----dosificadora, metering pin (carburetor). watering trough; (M) cistern, -----imanada, magnetic needle. agualotal rri (AC), bog, swamp, ----- indicadora, (eng) bouncing pin.aguallita/ (Pe), shallow water, ----- infernal, plug and feathers, wedge and shims.agualluvia / , rain water, -----para marcar, center punch.aguamanil m, washbasin, -----trazadora (planimetro), tracing point.aguanieve/, sleet. agujas, (min) (Sp) poling boards.aguantador to (re), dolly; bucker-up. -----de arrastre (fc), trailing-point switch.aguantar, to resist, support; (re) to buck up. -----de encuentro o en contrapunta (fc), facing-aguantatubos m (pet), pipe hook, point switch.aguante m (mec), endurance, strength. — 1 de resorte (fc), spring switch.----- al calor, heat endurance. -----enclavadas (fc), interlocked switch.aguañón to, hydraulic engineer, -----verticales (hid), needle beams.aguar, to water, dilute; aguarse, to be drowned agujal m (Col), hole in a wall left by form bolt or out. spreader,aguarrás to, turpentine. agujereador to, drill.----- mineral, turpentine substitute. -----de banco, bench drill.aguatal to (E c), pool; swamp. -----de columna, post drill.aguatero to (A), water cart; water carrier. agujereadora/ , punch; drill, boring machine,aguatocha /, pump. agujerear, to bore, drill, perforate; agujerearse,aguatorre /, water tower. to form a pipe (earth dam ); to form holes,aguay, aguai m, an Argentine hardwood. agujero to, hole.aguazal m, swamp, bog, marsh. -----aceitero (A), oilhole. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 27. 14 ajustadoragujero----- blind hole ciego, . ahusamiento m, taper, de acceso, handhole, manhole. ahusar, to taper, skive; to batter,- — de culebra (vol), snake hole. ailsita / (geol), ailsyte (microgranite), de engrase, oilhole. aire m, air.- de hombre, manhole (boiler, tank, etc; not ----- a presión (M ), compressed air. used for street manholes). ----- arrastrado, entrained air.-----de inyección, grout hole. ----- comprimido, compressed air.-----de lubricaciSn, oilhole. -----detonante, firedamp. ---- de mano, handhole. -----libre, al, outdoors. ---- de muestreo (is), sampling hatch. ----- libre por minuto, free air per minute (com­ de nudo, knothole. pressor) . de paso, manhole (tank, etc.). airear, to aerate; to ventilate, de perno, bolthole. aislación/, insulation; (A) waterproofing. de prueba, test hole. -----de humedad, dampproofing.-f— de remache, rivet hole. ----- de relleno, fill insulation.• de sonda, drill hole, boring. ---- -----de sonido, soundproofing. -----manual, handhole. ----- reflectora, reflective insulation. -----oblongo, (str) slotted hole. -----térmica, heat insulation. -----para espiga (ais), pinhole. aislado de papel, paper-insulated, -----para pasador (est), pinhole. aislador m, insulator. -----para poste, posthole. -----a botón clavado, nail knob. -----pasante, through hole. ----- abrazador, cleat insulator. -----piloto, pilot hole. ----- corriente, standard-duty insulator. -----por roscar, tapping hole. •-----de amarre, strain insulator. -----sin salida (A), blind hole. ----- de anclaje, terminal strain insulator. agujeros de aliviamiento (cn), lightening holes, -----de botón partido, split-knob insulator. agujeros de guía (m h), guide holes, -----de cadena, string or suspension insulator. agujetero m (mo) (V), through bolt to hold a -----de campana, bell or petticoat insulator. bulkhead, ■-----de caperuza, hood insulator. agujista m (fc), switchman, ----- de carrete, spool insulator. agujón (dib), pricker, -----de derivación múltiple, take-off insulator. agujuela / , brad, finishing nail, -----de espiga, pin insulator. agusanado, worm-eaten, -----de fabricación húmeda, wet-process insula­ aguzadera/, whetstone, tor. aguzador m, drill sharpener. -----de horquilla y macho, clevis-and-tap insula­ -----de lápices, pencil sharpener. tor. aguzadora (/) de pernos, bolt pointer, -----de ojillo y horquilla, eye-and-clevis insulator. aguzar, to sharpen, whet, point; (pet) to dress ----- de perilla, knob insulator. (bit). -----de semianclaje, semistrain insulator. aherrumbrarse, to rust, -----de tres campanas, triple-petticoat insulator. ahilar, to line up, align, -----distanciador o de pie, standoff insulator. ahitar (lev), to set monuments, -----mural, wall insulator tube. ahocinarse (r), to cut a gorge, -----para horquilla, fork-bolt or clevis insulator. ahogadizo, nonfloating, heavier than water, — - para viento, guy-strain insulator. ahogado, submerged, drowned; lacking air for ----- prensado en seco, dry-process insulator. combustion; (M ) embedded, -----seccionador, section insulator. ahogador m (auto) (M ), choke, — - tensor, turnbuckle or strain insulator. ahogar, to submerge, drown, flood (carburetor); -----tipo de niebla, fog-type insulator. (M) to embed; ahogarse, to be submerged; ----- tubular, leading-in insulator, wall insulator (eng) to stall, tube. ahondar, to deepen, dig, sink (shaft), aislamiento m, insulation; isolation; (A) water­ ahonde m, deepening, sinking, proofing. ahorcaperro m, running bowline; hitch, aislante m, insulating material, insulant. ahorcarse, to jam. -----de cambray, cambric insulation. ahorquillado, forked, ----- de ebonita, hard-rubber insulation. ahuecado, hollowed out. -----de pergamino, parchment insulation. ahuecador (m) metálico (ed), metal floor pan. aislar, to insulate, isolate, ahuecamiento m, cavity, void, hoUow. ajarafe m, tableland; flat roof, ahulado m, (CA) waterproof fabric; a rubber- ajomalar, to employ by the day. covered, ajustable, adjustable, ahusado m, taper, (fdy) draft. ajustado, tight, close; fitted; adjusted, -----al revés (herr), back taper, longitudinal ajustador m, machinist, fitter, mechanic; adjust­ relief. ing tool; (mech)(carp) adjuster; (ins) ad­ -----de entrada (herr), entering taper. juster. -----Jamo, Jarno taper. -----a cero (eléc), zero adjuster. -----Morse, Morse taper. -----de banderola, transom operator. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 28. ajustador 15 alambre -----batiente (carp), stop-bead. adjuster de alambique m, a still. de claraboya, skylight operator; transom -----acorazado o de casco, shell still. operator. -----de tubos, pipe or tube still. — de tuercas, nut runner or tightener or setter. ----- de vacío, vacuum still. —— de ventana batiente, easement adjuster, ----- desintegrador (pet), cracking still. ajustadora/, any adjusting device, ----- despojador (pet), stripping still. a justaje m, fitting, adjusting; (A) machining, ----- destufador (pet) (M ), sweetening still. ajustar, to fit, adjust, make true; (surv) to bal­ ----- desulfurador (pet), sweetening still. ance; ajustarse a, to fit into; ajustarse ----- discontinuo, batch still. sobre, to fit over, ----- para redestilación (pet), rerun still. ajuste m, adjustment, fitting, setting; (machy) a alambiquero m, (pet) Stillman; (C) distillery. fit; (C) piecework, small contract. alambor m, bevel cut, splay. ----- a golpe ligero, tapping fit. alambrado m, wiring; wire mesh; wire fence. ----- a inglete, miter joint. -----de botón y tubo, knob and tube wiring. ----- a martillo, driving fit. ----- de festón, festoon wiring. ----- a prueba de vapor, steam fit. — descubierto, exposed or open wiring. ■ ahusado, taper fit. ---- ----- encerrado, concealed wiring. ----- apretado, tight or close fit. alambrador m (A), wire-fence erector, ----- clavado, drive fit. alambraje m, wiring; wire fencing, ----- con holgura, loose fit. alambrar, to wire, ----- corredizo, sliding fit. alambre m, wire. ----- de fase (tv), phasing. a prueba de intemperie (elee), weatherpreer ----- de llave, wrench fit. wire. -----de presión, press fit. agrio o brillante o claro, bright wire, • -----de rotación libre, running fit. bañado de cobre, coppered wire. ■ del trazado, balancing the survey. ---- ----- cargado, live wire. ----- empotrado en caliente, shrink fit. -----cinta, flat wire. ----- escogido, selective fit. cobrizado, copper-clad wire, ----- estrecho, press fit, shrink fit. de aporte (sol), filler wire, ----- forzado, tight or force or press or drive fit. de atar (ref), tie wire. ----- forzado mediano, medium force fit. ----- de campanilla (elèe), bell wire. ----- holgado, loose or free fit. de contacto, trolley or contact wire, ----- libre, easy or light fit. de cuadro indicador (elèe), annunciator wire, ----- por contracción, shrink fit. de disparo (voi), leading wire, ----- preciso, fine fit. de edificación (elèe), building wire, ----- sin holgura, snug or -wringing or tanking or de entrada (elèe), lead-in wire. push or working fit. ----- de espinas, barbed wire. ajustes, (p)(i»achy) fittings, de guardia (elèe), guard or ground wire. ajustero m (.Col), small contractor; pieceworker, ----- de masa (elèe), ground wire. ajustón m (Ec), tight fit. — - de púas, barbed wire. al costado (náut), alongside, -----de puente (voi), bridge wire (in the exploder) ala / , wing (dam or bldg); leg (angle); flange -----de relleno, (wr) filler wire. (I beam ); blade (propeller); leaf of a hinge; -----de soldadura, wire solder; welding wire. leaf of a folding door. -----desnudo, bare wire. -----del corazón (fc), wing rail (frog) -----dulce, soft or annealed wire.----- de mosca (Es), brad; tack. -----enterizo (elèe), solid wire. alabandina, alabandita/ (mineral de manganeso), ----- espigado (A C ), barbed wire. alabandite,. manganblende. -----espinoso (Es), barbed wire. álabe m, (turb) bucket; (turb) gate, vane; (mx) estirado en frío, cold-drawn wire, blade. estirado medio duro, medi un ¡-hard-drawn----- director o del distribuidor (turb), wicket wire. gate, guide vane. forrado de algodón, cotton-covered wire,----- regulable, adjustable blade. forrado de asbesto, asbestos-insulated wire,alabearse, to warp. forrado de caucho, rubber-covered wire,alabeo m, warping, wind; (rd)(V) crown, forrado de plomo, lead-sheathed wire,alacena/ , locker, closet, forrado de vidrio, glass-covered wire.alacrán m, swivel; (Col) clamp, -----fundente, welding wire.aladrar, to plow. ----- fundente de latón, brazing wire.aladrero m (min)(Es), timberman. -----fusible, fuse wire, a wire fuse.aladro m, plow. ----- mejor de lo mejor (elèe), best best (BB)alagadizo, liable to be inundated, wire.alagado m, inundated land, -----nudo, bare wire.alagar, to inundate, swamp, flood; alagarse para artefactos (elèe), fixture wire; appliance (náut) (B), to leak, wire.alagunar (Ch), to inundate, flood, -----pescador (elèe), fish wire.alambicar, to distill. -----piloto (elèe), pilot wire. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 29. alambre 16 alcayata----- reestirar, redrawing wire por . albitana / (cn), apron, stemson; propeller post.-----soldador, welding wire; wire solder. a lb olita / (mam), albolite.-----tejido, wire fabric or netting. albollón m, drain, sewer.-----trefilado, stranded wire. albortante m (M ), lighting post.-----trenzado, braided or stranded wire. albufera / , tidal lagoon.alambrecarril m (A), aerial tramway. albuhera / , pond, reservoir.alambrera / , wire netting. albúm ina/, albumin.alambrón m (m et)(M ), wire rod. albuminoide m, albuminoid. álamo, poplar. albuminoideo a, albuminoid. alamud m, door bolt. alb u m osa/ (is), albumose. a lanita/ (miner), allanite. albura /, sapwood. alar m, eaves; (Col) sidewalk. -----de primavera, springwood. alargadera / , lengthening bar for compass; •--- de verano, summerwood. - lengthening bar for drill; (chem) adapter, alburno m, alburnum, sapwood. alargamiento m, elongation, expansion. alcachofa / (bm), strainer, footvalve and strainer. -----al fallar, ultimate elongation. alcalescencia/ , alcalescence. alargar, to lengthen, extend, elongate; alargarse, alcalescente, alcalescent. to expand, lengthen, stretch, álcali m, alkali. alarife m, mason; builder, -alcalimetría/, alkalimetry, alarma / , alarm. alcalimetro m, alkalimeter. -----de falta de agua (cal), low-water alarm. alcalinidad/, alkalinity, -----de incendio, fire alarm. alcalinizar, to render alkaline, alasquita / (geol), alaskite (granite). alcalino, alkaline, alastrar, to ballast. alcalinotérreo a, alkaline-earth. albañal m, sower, drain; (C) sewage. alcalizador rn (az), liming tank, -----de BiraOjjrelief sewer. alcalizar, to alkalize, render alkaline; (su) to lime, -----de rebose, relief- or overflow sewer. alcance m, reach; range; drift (tackle); (rr) rear- -----derivado, branch or lateral sewer. end collision; (com) balance; (rd) overtak­ -----doméstico o de servicio, house sewer, service ing; (ra) coverage; (ac) blow, throw. connection. ----- de cavadura (pi), digging reach. -----madre, main sewer. ----- de descarga (pi), dumping reach. ■ pluvial, storm sewer. ---- ----- de planeo (ap), gliding range or distance. -----sanitario, sanitary sewer. ----- de la vista (ca), sight or visibility distance. alba&alero m, sewer builder; sewer cleaner, alcancía / (M ), bin, hopper; (min) chute, mill albañear, to do mason work. hole; (conc) tremie. albaSil m, mason, bricklayer. alcantarilla / , culvert; sewer, drain; conduit; -----de cemento, cement mason. (elec)(Sp) cable duct; (M ) basin, cistern. albañilería / , masonry. -----anidable, nestable metal culvert. -----ciclópea, cyclopean concrete. ----- arqueada, arch culvert. -----de piedra bruta, rubble masonry. ----- de alivio, relief sewer. -----de piedra labrada, ashlar masonry. -----de caj&n, box culvert. -----en hileras, ashlar masonry. ----- de chapas múltiples, multiple-plate corru­ -----en seco, dry masonry. gated culvert. albarda / , packsaddle. ----- de descarga, outfall sewer. albardilla / , coping, capstone; small packsaddle; ----- de platabanda (V ), box culvert. (C) riding saddle. -----de pozo, drop-inlet culvert. -----de cumbre (ed), saddle stone. ----- interceptadora, intercepting sewer. albardillado, crowned; troughed. -----maestra, trunk sewer. albardón m, (bldg)(Ca) coping; (hyd)(A) check ----- para ganado (fc), cattle pass, dam; dike; ridge; (M) saddle, -----pluvial, storm-water sewer. albarrada/, mud wall; dry stone wall, -----sanitaria, sanitary sewer. albarradon m, dike, small earth dam. -----visitable (E s), sewer big enough for a man to albayaldar, to coat with white lead, enter. albayalde m, white lead. alcantarillado m, sewerage. -----anaranjado, orange lead, mineral orange. -----separativo, separate system of sewerage. — de plomo, white lead, -----unitario, combined system. -----rojo, red lead. alcantarillaje m, sewage. albedén m, gutter, drain, alcantarillar, to sewer, drain; to build culverts, albedo m (fma), iilbedo. alcanzar, to reach; to overtake, albellón m, .sewer, alcaparrosa /, copperas, alberca / , pool; pond; basin, tank, alcarria /, plateau. alberc&n m, reservoir. alcatifa / , layer of cinders or other filling under albergue m, bunkhouse, barracks, dormitory, floor or roof tiles, alberquero m, tank tender, reservoir custodian, alcayata/, spike; (C) staple; (surv) spad. albina/, salt pool or marsh; (miner) apophyllite. -----de caño, pipe hook, leader hook; gutter spike. albita / (miner), albite (feldspar). ----- de rosea (fc), screw spike. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 30. alcayata 17 alicate*-----vía, track spike de . -----de hélice, propeller blade.alcázar m (an), poop deck, quarter-deck, -----de semáforo (fc), semaphore blade.alce to, raising. -----desviadora (turb), redirecting blade.alcohol m, alcohol; (min) galena. -----directriz o distribuidora (turb), wicket gate,-----amílico, amyl alcohol. guide vane,• desnaturalizado, denatured alcohol, methyl­ ---- aletas de enfriamiento, cooling fins, ated spirit. alevante to (m in)(M ), overhand stope.-----etílico, ethyl or grain alcohol. aleviador m (hid), alleviator,-----metílico, methyl or wood alcohol. alfa-naftol to, alpha-naphthol.• propilico, projjyl alcohol. ---- alfagra / (Es), channel, gorge,alcor to, hill. alfajia /, door or window frame; batten; timberalcornoque m, cork tree. 10 by 14 cm; (Col) roofing board,alcorozado to (ed)(M ), space between beams on alfametilnaftaleno, alfametilnaftalina, alpha- a wall; filling between beams, methyl naphthalene,alcotana/, pick, mattock; stonecutter’s hammer. alfaque to, shoal, bar.-----de dos hachas, asphalt mattock. alfarda / , (carp) light wooden beam, scantling;alcribís m, tuyere. rafter; irrigation dues, a lcu ba/, dome, cupola; vault. alfardar, to join in an irrigation development, alcubilla/, covered reservoir; basin, pond. alfardón to (C ), girder, heavy beam, alcum ita/, Alcumite (alloy) (trademark) alfarería / (V), brick masonry; tilework. alcuza / , oilcan. alfarjar, to wainscot, aldaba /, latch, catch, retainer. alfarje to, wainscot; paneling,----- de candado, hasp. alfarjia, same as alfajia. -----de contraventana, shutter bar. alféizar to, splay of door or window, -----de picaporte, latch hasp. alfiler to (M ), peg, pin. -----de resorte, spring latch. ----- de París (Es), wire nail. -----de seguridad, safety latch. alfilerillo to, finishing nail, brad. ----- dormida, deadlatch. ----- cortado, cut finishing nail. aldabía / , crossbar on a double door; horizontal — de alambre, wire finishing nail. timber against a wall; plate or sill of a alfombrado to (m am)(V), base course, mat. partition, alga / , alga. aldabilla / (ft), hook, latch, algas, algae. a ldoh exosa / (az), aldohexose. algáceo, algal. aleación /, alloy. algaida / , sand dune. -----a base de aluminio, aluminum-base alloy. algarrobo m, carob wood. ■-----cuaternaria, quaternary alloy. álgebra/, algebra. -----de imprenta, type metal. algebraico, algebraic. -----de níquel al plomo, leaded nickel alloy. algecida m, algaecide. -----de punto bajo de fusión, low-melting alloy. algodón m, cotton. -----delta, delta, metal. ----- colodión, collodion cotton. -----no ferrosa, nonferrous alloy ----- de calafateo, calking cotton. aleaje to (U), alloy -----explosivo, guncotton. alear, to alloy. -----mineral (A), slag wool. alecrín m, an Argentine lumber very hard and -----pólvora, guncotton, nitrocotton; cotton pow­ heavy, der. alefriz to (carp), rabbet, -----pólvora nitrado (vol), tonite. alegrador to, reamer, broach, ■-----trenzado (eléc), cotton braid. alegrar, to ream, broach, algoso, full of algae, alejamiento to, receding, separation, alguaza/, hinge. alejamientos y desviaciones (lev)(M ), latitudes alicatado to (C), wall of brick laid on edge, and departures, alicates m, pliers; tongs; pincers. alema /, duty of irrigation water, -----aislados, insulated or electrician’s pliers. alem ontita/ (miner), allemontite, arsenical anti­ -----de ángulo, diagonal pliers. mony. ----- de articulación movible, slip-joint pliers. alerce to, larch, tamarack, hackmatack, ----- de ayustar (cab), splicing tongs. alero to, eaves; (bldg)(dam) wing; (bdg) winig -----de combinación, combination pliers. wall. ----- de corte lateral, side-cutting pliers. alerón to, aileron; damper. ----- de crisol (lab), crucible tongs. alesador m (A ), operator of a drill (shop) ----- de expansión, slip-joint pliers. alesadora /, drill. -----de garganta, open-throat pliers. alesaje m, bore (cylinder). -----de gasista, gas pliers. alesna/, awl. • -----de guardalínea, lineman’s pliers. alesnado, sharp-pointed. -----de punta plana, flat-nose pliers. a le ta /, (mech) lug; fin, gill; leaf (hinge); (mx) -----de punta redonda, roundnose pliers. blade; (turb) vane; (na) quarter. ----- narigudos, long-nose pliers. ■ amortiguadora, damping vane. — -----punzonadores, punch pliers. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 31. alidada 18 almainaalidada / , alidade . alistonar, to lath; to cleat,-----de anteojo, telescope alidade. a lit a / (ct), alite.-----de anteojo fijo, fixed-tube alidade. aliviadero m, spillway, wasteway; sluiceway;-----de explorador, exploration or expedition ali­ weep hole. dade. ----- de agua sobrante (al), storm overflow.-----de geólogo, geological alidade. ----- de crecidas, (r) floodway; (sw) storm over­-----de mirilla, peep-sight alidade. flow.-----de pínulas, open-sight alidade. ----- de cresta libre, open spillway (no gates).-----de topógrafo, engineering alidade. ----- de fondo, sluiceway, undersluice.-----para plancheta, plane-table alidade. -----de lluvia (Es), inlet to a storm sewer.aligación/, tie; bond; alloy. ----- de pozo, shaft spillway.aligerar, to lighten. ----- de seguridad, emergency spillway.alijador ra, lighterman. -----de superficie, wasteway, spillway.alijadora/, lighter; sander. -----lateral, side-channel spillway.alijar, to lighten; to sandpaper. ----- superior (irr), overchute.alije ra, unloading, lightening of a ship. — vertical de arena (ot), sand drain,alijo ra, unloading; (C) locomotive tender. aliviador ra, spillway; relief valve,alimentación / , feed (all senses), feeding. alivianar (PR) (A ), to lighten,■ a sinfín, worm feed. ---- alivio ra, easing, relief.-----al vacío o por aspiración, vacuum feed. ■----de esfuerzos, stress relief. ------con gasto constante (pa), constant-rate feed. -----de expansión, expansion relief.-----de retroceso (ra), feedback. -----de vacío, vacuum relief.-----directa (pa), dry feed, direct feed (chlorine). aljaba (/) de electrodos (sol), electrode carrier.-----en seco (pa), dry feed. aljarafe m, flat roof.-----forzada, force feed. aljez ra, gypsum, plaster of Paris.-----mecánica, power feed; mechanical stoking. aljezar m, gypsum quarry.-----visible (lu), sight feed. aljibe m, pool, tank, cistern; tank barge.alimentado a petróleo (cal), oil-fired, oil-burning, aljofifa /, mop.alimentado por gas, gas-fired, aljofifar, to mop.alimentador m, feeder; feed wire; stoker. aljor ra, gypsum.-----basculante, jog feeder. aljorozado ra (V ), scratch coat of lime and mud.-----con descarga por detrás, rear-cleaning stoker. aljorozar, to plaster; to smooth up.-----de bandeja, tray feeder. alma / , core (dam ); (str) web, stem ( T ) ; (cab)-----de carbón, stoker. center, core; (lbr) heart; drill core; scaffold-----de correa, belt feeder. pole. de criba corrediza, traveling-grizzly feeder. -----calada o de celosía (est), lattice web. de descarga lateral, side-cleaning stoker. -----combada (ts), arched web. de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk feeder. -----de andamio, scaffold pole.-----de dosificación (pa), proportioning feeder. ----- de cáñamo, (wr) hemp center.-----de enlace (eléc), tie feeder. -----de ensayo, test or sample core.-----de hogar, mechanical stoker. -----de riel, web of a rail.-----de parrilla corrediza, traveling-grate stoker. ----- fibrosa, (wr) fiber core. de película (fm a), film-metering device. -----llena (est), solid web, plate web.—— de la red (eléc), network feeder. almacén to, warehouse, storehouse, storeroom;- — de vaciado superior, overfeed stoker. store; magazine (camera). oscilante, reciprocating feeder. -----afianzado, bonded warehouse. pesador, weighing or weigh feeder. -----de agua, cistern, tank.-----sin fin, screw feeder. -----de pólvora, magazine.alimentar, to charge; to feed, almacenador ra, warehouseman,alimento m (mec), feed, feeding, almacenaje ra, storage, warehousing; warehousealindar, to mark boundaries, charges,alinderar (AG), to mark boundaries, almacenamiento m, storage.alineación / , alignment. -----de desbordamiento (hid), valley storage.-----y rasante, line and grade, line and level. -----de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage.alineador ra, aligning tool, -----en las riberas (hid), bank storage.alinear, to line, line up, align, -— momentáneo (hid), instantaneous storage.alisador m, finishing tool; smoothing iron (as­ -----muerto, dead storage. phalt); smoothing blade (road machine); -----para uso (hid), conservation storage. (fdy) sleeker, smoother; (A) reamer, almacenar, to store, stock,alisadora/, surfacing machine; dresser. almacenero, almacenista ra, storekeeper, ware­-----de caminos, road scraper. houseman.alisaduras/, shavings, turnings. almádana, almádena, almádina / , stone hammer,alisar, to plane, face, smooth up, surface, spalling hammer,alisatubos rn (pet), casing scraper. almadía / , raft.alisios ra, trade winds. almagra /, almagre m, red ocher, ruddle,alistador (ra) de tiempo, timekeeper. almaina / , stone hammer. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 32. almanque 19 altoparlantealmanque ( m Col), putlog, ----- nitidez (tv), high definition.almarbatar, to frame (timber), -----polarización, de, high-test (sugar).almártaga /, litharge, ■ -----resistencia a corta edad (ct), high earlyalmatriche m, irrigation ditch, strength.almenado, dentated. -----tarea (C), high duty.alm enara/, (irr) return ditch; (Col) surge tank, ----- volatilidad, de, high-test (gasoline).alm endrilla/, fine coal; fine gravel; (geol) con­ altas (cn), upper works. glomerate of fine stones; small file, -----aguas, high water.almendrón m (Es), conglomerate of large stones, altar to (horno), bridge wall, fire bridge.almidón m, starch. -----de agua, water bridge.-----yodado (is), starch-iodine. -----de humero, flue bridge.almilla / (carp), tenon, altavoz m, loudspeaker,almirez to (lab), mortar. alteración / (geol), alteration, ■ y mano, mortar and pestle. ---- alternación, alternation,almoceda / (Es), water rights; irrigation rate, alternado, alternating,alm ohada/, cushion. alternador to (eléc), alternator. ■ del escobén (cn), hawse bolster. ---- ----- de imanes permanentes, magneto alternator. almohadilla /, pad, cushion. -----de inducido giratorio, revolving-armature -----de apisonar, tamping pad. alternator. ■ de tope, buffer block. ---- • de inductor e inducido fijos, inductor alters — -----filtradora (V ), filter block. nator. almohadillas de freno, brake blocks, -----de inductor giratorio, revolving-field alter­ almohadillas de fricción, (eng) friction blocks, nator. almohadillado to (sol), padding, alternador-transmisor (ra), alternator transmit­ almohadillar, to cushion. ter. almohadón m, lowest voussoir in a semicircular alternador-volante, flywheel alternator, arch. alternancia / (eléc)(A), alternation, alternance. -----de agua, water cushion. alternar las juntas, to break or stagger joints, almohatre to, sal ammoniac. alternativo, (elec) alternating; (eng) reciprocating, almojaya /, putlog; outlooker. alterno, alternating; alternate, alógeno (geol), allogenic, derivative. alternogenerador m (Es), alternating-current alojamiento m (mec), seat, bearing, socket. generator. alosar, to lay tiles. alternomotor m (E s)(A ), alternating-current aloxito to, aloxite (abrasive). motor. alpax to, alpax (alloy) altibajos m, broken or uneven ground, alpende to, tool house. altigrafo m, altigraph, alquilar, to rent; to alkylize. altillano to (C ol), plateau. alquiler to, rent, rental. altillo T , small hill; penthouse, bulkhead; (A) O alquilizar, to alkylize. small addition on top of a one-story build­ alquitarar, to distill. ing; (A) (Col) garret, alquitrán m, tar, pitch. altimetria /, altimetry, running levels, topo­ ■ cortado, cutback tar. ---- graphical survey, -----de carbón, coal tar. altímetro m, altimeter. -----de gas, gas tar, gashouse coal tar. -----de agrimensor, surveying altimeter. •--- de gas de aceite, oil-gas tar. - ■ registrador, recording altimeter, altigraph, — •--- de gas de agua, water-gas tar. - altiplanicie / , plateau, tableland, ■ de hornos de coque, coke-oven tar. ---- altiplanimétrico, topographical, de hulla, coal tar, coal-tar pitch; gas tar; altiplano to, plateau, coke-oven tar. altitud/, altitude, elevation, -----de hulla diluido, coal-tar cutback. alto to, height; hill, elevation; (geol) hanging —- - de leña, Stockholm tar. wall; (bldg) floor, story, upper floor; (rr) -----de madera, pine tar. (auto) a stop; a high. ----- de petróleo, oil tar; petroleum pitch. -----calor, de, high-heat (cement). -----de turba, peat tar. -----carbono, de, high-carbon (steel). -----mineral, asphalt. -----explosivo, high explosive. ■ rebajado, cutback tar. ---- ----- horno, blast furnace. — - vegetal, coal or wood tar. -----rendimiento, high duty. alquitranado to, tarpaulin; application of tar, altos to (A), first floor above the ground, tarring. altoparlante m, loudspeaker. alquitranadora / , tar-spraying machine, ----- a condensador, capacitor loudspeaker. alquitranaje to, tarring, -----de conductor móvil, moving-conductor loud­ alquitranar, to treat with pitch; to coat with tar. speaker. alquitranoso, tarry. -----dinámico, moving-coil or dynamic loud­ alta / (min), hanging wall. speaker. ■ ley, de, high-grade (ore). ---- • -----electromagnético, magnetic-armature loud­ -----multiplicación, de, high-geared. speaker. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 33. altoparlante 20 amarra— electrostático, condenser or electrostatic m (rfr), alundum. alundo loudspeaker, alunita / (miner), alunite, alum rock, altozano small hill m., . aluvial, aluvional, alluvial, altura/, elevation, altitude, height; (hyd) head; aluvión m, alluvial deposit, alluvium; flood of (str) depth; (r) stage. silt; (A) flood, inundation, -----cinética (hid), dynamic head. aluvionamiento m (A), silting up. ----- de aspiración (hid), suction head; suction aluvionario (A), alluvial, lift. álveo m, bed of a river, channel, -----de carga (hid), head. alveolado (M ), honeycombed, ----- de descarga o de impulsión (bm), discharge alza / , rise, lift; shim; (hyd) flashboard, leaf of head. a bear-trap gate; (hyd)(Sp) stop log; (Sp) -----de despejo o de franqueo, clearance height. fulcrum. -----del instrumento o del ojo (lev), height of ----- de tablero basculante (hid), automatic instrument. flashboard, shutter weir, hinged-leaf gate. -----de paso, headroom. -----de la válvula, valve lift. -----de presión (hid), pressure head. alzacarros m, car-lifting device. -----de succión (bm ), suction head. alzacoche m, automobile lift. -----de tiro (aa), draft head. alzada/, (dwg) elevation; face of a building. ----- dinámica (hid), velocity head. ----- extrema, end eiovation. ■----efectiva, (str) effective depth; working depth - alzado m, (ar) elevation; (Sp) superstructure. (gear). ----- de costado, side elevation. -----estática (hid), static head. ----- delantero, front elevation. •--- hidráulica (al), hydraulic grade. - -----en corte, sectional elevation. •---- libre, vertical clearance, clear height, head­ - ----- trasero, rear elevation. room ; freeboard. alzador m, any lifting device,— manométrica total (bm), total head. alzadura/, hoisting, raising,-----metacéntrica (an), metaeentric height. alzaguara/ (Es), spring (water),-----piezométrica (hid), piezometric head. alzaprima/, crowbar, lever, pinch bar.- — útil (est), effective depth. -----de traviesa (fc), nipper. alud m, avalanche, snowslide. alzaprimar, to pry, m ove with a lever,alumbrado m, lighting; a lighted; treated with alzar, to hoist, raise, lift, alum. alzatubos m, pipe jack,-----a tubo de gas, gas-tube lighting. alzaválvula m (auto), tappet,-----de caveto, cove lighting. alzaventana m (auto), window opener,-----de contorno, outline lighting. allanador m (her), a flatter,-----de festón, festoon lighting. allanar, to grade, level; to flatten; (met) to plan­-----reflejado, indirect lighting. ish.-----semiindirecto, semi-indirect lighting. allane m (M ), leveling, grading,alumbrar, to light, illuminate; to treat with allegador m (Es), fire hook, poker, alum; to emerge (ground water), amacizar, to compress; to make solid,alumbre m, alum. amacrático, amacratic (lens),-----crómico, chrome alum. amachambrado (PR )(E s), tongued and grooved,-----de amonio, ammonia alum. amachetar, to chop with a machete,-----para filtros (V), filter alum. amadrinar, to couple, join,-----potásico, potash alum, potassium aluminum amaestrar, (mas) to set grounds; (hw) to master- sulphate, key.alumbrera / , alunite quarry, amainador m (min), man who handles bucket atalúmbrico, containing alum, top of shaft,alúmina / , alumina, aluminum oxide, amainar, to lower, slack off; (min) to land thealuminato m, alumínate. bucket of ore.-----dicálcico (ct), dicalcium alumínate. amaine m, lowering, slacking off.-----sódico (pa), sodium alumínate. amalgama / (met) (miner), amalgam,-----tricálcico (ct), tricalcium aluminate. amalgamador m (met), amalgamator,alumínico, aluminio. amalgamar, to amalgamate,aluminifero, ^containing aluminum, aluminifer- amantillar (gr), to top, peak, luff, ous. amantillo (gr), topping lift, topping or peaking line,aluminio m, aluminum, aluminium, amanzanar (A )(U ), to lay out land in blocks,aluminita / (miner), aluminite (aluminum sul­ amaños m, tools, equipment, outfit, phate), amaraje m, landing on the water (seaplane),aluminizar, to aluminize. amarar, to land on the water,aluminoférrico, aluminoferric. amarillo m a, yellow.alumlnosilicato m, aluminosilicate. ----- benzo (is), benzo yellow.aluminoso, aluminous. ■ -----de cine, zinc yellow (pigment).aluminotermia / (met), aluminothermy, alu- -----de montaña (miner), yellow earth or ocher. minothermics. ..... a m a rra /, tie, lashing; mooring; (C h)(M ) cablealuminotérmico, aluminothermic. clip. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 34. amarra 21 amperímetro-----de aleta (náut), quarter fast. amoldar, to mold, shape,• de bote (náut) ---- , painter . amollar (cab), to slack, ease off.----- de popa (náut), stern fast. amoniacal, ammoniacal.-----de proa (náut), bow or head fast. am oniación/, ammoniation.----- de puerto, mooring. amoníaco m, ammonia.----- de través (náut), breast fast, breast line. -----albuminoideo (is), albuminoid ammonia.amarras para correa, belt hooks or clamps, amoniador m (pa), ammoniator.amarradera / (C ol), mooring Une; sling, ----- de alimentación directa, direct-feed ammo­amarradero to, mooring post; mooring berth, niator.amarraje to, wharfage; (cab) serving, amónico a, ammonium, ammonic.amarrar, to tie, lash, splice, belay, make fast; to amonio to, ammonium. moor; (cab) to serve, seize, amonización / , ammonization, ammonification.amarrazones/ (náut), ground tackle, amontonador m, amontonadora / , stacker, piler.amarre to, tie, splice, lashing; anchorage, moor­ amontonador de carbón, coal trimmer, ing; (conc) (M ) (Pe) bond. amontonar, to pile, pile up.----- a pata de ganso, bridle mooring. ----- el fuego, to bank the fire.amartillar, to hammer, ----- en camellones (ca), to windrow.amasada / (M ), batch of mortar, amordazar, to clamp,amasadero m, pugmill, clay mill, amorfo, amorphous.amasar, to mix (mortar); to puddle (fill); to pug, amortiguación / , deadening; absorbing; (mech) temper, (elec) damping.amasillar, to putty, -----crítica (eléc), critical damping.amatol m, amatol (explosive), -----de las crecidas (r), flood control.amberita/ , amberite (explosive), -----periódica (eléc), periodic damping, under­ ámbito to, ambit, contour. damping.ambulante, traveling (derrick), walking (drag­ amortiguador m, (mech) shock absorber, damper, line), dashpot; (carp) door check; (hyd) stillingameba / , amoeba, pool; (auto) mufBer; (elec) damper; (auto) amelga / (irr), ridge, dike, snubber; (chem) buffer. amelgar, to set boundary monuments; to furrow, -----de chispas, spark arrester. amellar, to notch, -----de choque, shock absorber; bumper. amerar (Es), to seep, percolate, -----de energía, energy absorber; (hyd) stilling amiantista m, asbestos worker, pool, tumble bay. amianto m, asbestos, amianthus, •----de escape, (eng) exhaust head, exhaust - amiba/, amoeba, silencer. amibiano, amibico, amoebic, ----- de los faroles (auto), headlight dimmer. amibicida m a, amoebicide. -----de golpes de agua, water-hammer suppressor. amicrón to (quim), amicron. -----de luz, (auto) dimmer. amida / , amido to, (chem) amide, -----de oleaje (hid), surge suppressor; surge amigdaloide a (geol), amygdaloid, snubber. amilasa / (is), amylase, — de ruido, silencer, muffler. amilo m (quim), amyl, ■ -de sacudidas (auto), harmonic balancer. — aminoácido m (is), amino acid, ----- del sonido, sound absorber.¿-aminodimetilanilina (pa), p-aminodimethyl- — de torsión, torsion damper, aniline. amortiguamiento (m) de sonido, soundproofing, amo to, owner; employer; superintendent, fore­ amortiguar, to cushion, deaden, lessen; to damp; man. to absorb (shocks); (chem) to buffer, amohosarse (A) (C h), to rust, amortización/, amortization, amojonar, to set monuments, amortizar, to amortize; to redeem; to refund, amojosearse (A )(E c), to rust, amovible, removable, demountable, amoladera / , grindstone, grinder, amparar, to protect; (leg) to hold harmless; amolado m, grinding. (min) to satisfy conditions for working a ----- de avance longitudinal, end-feed grinding. claim. ----- de avance normal, in-feed grinding. ampelita/, ampelite (coal), • de avance pasante, through-feed grinding. ---- amper to (Es), ampere, amoladora/, grinder. amper-espira / (Es), ampere-turn. de armazón oscilante, swing-frame grinder. amperaje to, amperage. de asientos de válvulas, valve grinder. ----- de carga, charging rate (battery). ■ ■ banco, bench grinder. — de ----- efectivo, virtual amperes. •-- de brocas, bit grinder. - amperímetro to, ammeter, amperemeter. de espigas, shank grinder (drill). -----calórico (Es), hot-wire ammeter. de pie, floor-stand grinder. -----de abrazadera, cjamp ammeter. de puntas, center-type grinder. -----de alcance múltiple, multirange ammeter. húmeda, wet grinder. ----- de bolsillo, pocket ammeter. ■ sin puntas, centerless grinder. ----- -----de expansión o de hilo caliente, expansion or amolar, to grind, sharpen. hot-wire or thermal ammeter. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 35. amperímetro 22 anchico----- dinamomètrico, dynamometer ammeter . anabergita/ (miner), annabergite, nickel bloom.-----indicador, indicating ammeter. anabólico (is), anabolic.-----para tablero, switchboard-type ammeter. anacarado (miner), pearly (luster).-----registrador, recording ammeter. anaclinal (geol), anaclinal.-----térmico, thermal ammeter, thermoammeter. anaeróbico (is), anaerobic.-----termocupla, thermocouple ammeter. anaerobio m, anaerobe.amperio m, ampere. anaerobiosis / , anaerobiosis.-----internacional, international ampere. anaerogénico (lab), anaerogenic.amperio-hora /, ampere-hour, anaglífico (fma), anaglyphic.amperio-pie to, ampere-foot. anáglifo (fma), anaglyph.amperio-vuelta /, ampere-turn. anaglifoscopio m (fma), anaglyphoscope.amperios-vueltas transversales, cross ampere- analático (óptica), anallatic. turns. analatismo to (lev), anallatism.amperivuelta /, ampere-turn. analcima, analcita / (miner), analcime, analcite.amperòmetro to, ammeter, amperemeter. analcitita / (geol), analcitite, analcimite.-----térmico, thermal or hot-wire ammeter. análisis to /, analysis.ampliación / (fma), enlargement. ----- de cedazo o de tamices, screen or sieve anal­-----angular (fma), angular magnification. ysis.-----del plazo, extension of time (contract). ----- de comprobación, check analysis.ampliadora/, enlarging outfit (photo), ----- de hornada (m et), ladle analysis.ampliar, to enlarge, amplify, extend, —— electrolítico, electroanalysis.amplidina / (ra), amplidyne. ----- inmediato, proximate analysis.amplificación / , (elee) amplification, gain; (op­ ----- ponderal, gravimetric analysis. tics) magnification, amplification. analista m /, analyst,-----de potencia, power amplification. analítico, analytical.-----de tensión, voltage amplification. analizador to, analyst; (mech) analyzer; (ra)-----dinámica (geof), dynamic magnification. analyzer; (tv) scanner.-----multigradual o en cascada, cascade amplifi­ • -----de armónicos (ra), harmonic analyzer. cation. ----- de distorsión (ra), distortion analyzer.-----transportadora (ra), carrier amplification. ----- de ondas (ra), wave analyzer.amplificador to, magnifier; booster; amplifier. ----- de ruidos (ra), noise analyzer. -----á válvula, vacuum-tube amplifier. -----de tambor (tv), drum scanner.-----clase A(AB, B, BC, C) (ra), class-A(AB, B, analizar, to analyze; (tv) to scan, BC, C) amplifier. analogía (/) de la placa, slab analogy,-----de audiofrecuencia (ra), audiofrequency or análogo m, analogue, audio amplifier. anaquel m, shelf.-----de desviación (tv), deflection amplifier. anaranjado de metilo (lab), methyl orange,-----de energía (ra), power amplifier. ancaram ita/ (geol), ankaramite.----- de enfrenamiento, brake booster. ancaratrita/ (geol), ankaratrite. -----de exploración (tv ), scanner amplifier. a n cla/, (naut)(mech) anchor. -----de faja (ra), band-pass amplifier. ----- de asta giratoria, swivel anchor. -----de oratoria (ra) (A ), speech amplifier. -----de campana, mushroom anchor. -----de poder (A), power amplifier. -----de espiar, kedge anchor. -----de realimentación inversa (ra), degenerative .----- de hélice, screw anchor (for guy). or invérse-feedback amplifier. ----- de pared (ed), wall anchor. —— de sonido, loudspeaker. ----- de seta, mushroom anchor. — - equilibrado (ra), push-pull amplifier. ----- de tierra, guy or earth anchor. -----previo (Es) (A ), preamplifier. -----de tornillo, screw anchor. -----realimentado, feedback amplifier. ------de via (fc), anticreeper. ----- reflejo (ra), reflex amplifier. ----- sin cepo, stockless anchor. — - separador (ra), buffer amplifier, ancladero m, anchorage, anchoring ground, amplificar (elèe); to amplify, anclaje to, anchorage; anchoring; anchorage amplitud / (mat) (elèe) (ra), amplitude. charges, ----- de la marea, tidal amplitude; range of the anclar, to anchor, tide. anclote to, anchor, am polla/, blister, bulb, ampoule; (A) lamp bulb. anclotillo m, small anchor, kedge. -----de congelación (ca), frost boil. anco to (min) (Pe), a silver ore. -----de válvula (ra), envelope. ancón to, bay, cove; (PR) small lighter, ampollarse, to blister. anconada/ , large cove, bay. ampolleta / , incandescent lamp : bulb, ampoule, anconaje m (P R ), lighterage, ampolloso (min), porous, containing cavities, áncora/, anchor, amura / (an), bow, fore part of ship. ancoraje to, anchorage, — -bulbosa, clubfoot, bulb bow. ancorar, to anchor, amurada / (an), inside face of the shell plating, ancorería-/, anchor shop, amurallar, to wall; to build into a wall, ancorero to, anchor maker, smurar (A), to embed in a wall. anchico m, an Argentine hardwood. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 36. ancho 23 ángulo ancho ra, width, breadth; . a wide aneroide ra a, aneroid.-----de faja (ra), band width. -----altimétrico, altitude aneroide barometer.-----de vía (fe), gage. -----de topógrafo, surveying aneroid.-----tipo (fc)(M ), standard gage. aneroidógrafo ra, aneroidograph.anchura /, width, breadth. anetadura/ (náut), puddening.anchurón ra (min), chamber, stall, room. anexo ra (M ), addition to a building, ell, wing.andada /, trail, path. anfibio ra a (ap), amphibian.andadera /, trayeler, traveling derrick, traveling anfibol ra (miner), hornblende, amphibole. scaffold, anfibólico, amphibolic.andadero m, footwalk. anfibolifero, containing amphibole.andador ra, footwalk; (A) motor scooter, anfibolita/ (geol), amphibolite.andalucita / (miner), andalusite. anfibolosquisto ra (geol), hornblende schist.andamiada/, scaffolding. anf otero (qulm), amphoteric.-----de carenaje (ds), gridiron. angaletar (A), to miter. .andamiador ra, scaffold builder, stagebuilder. angalete ra (carp)(A), miter box.andamiaje ?n, scaffolding, staging, angarillas / , handbarrow.andamiar, to scaffold, angarillear (Ch), to move material in handbar-andamio ra, scaffold; (bdg)(Ec) falsework. rows.-----acartelado, bracket scaffold. angla/, (geog) cape.-----ambulante o corredizo, traveler, traveling anglesita / , anglesite, native lead sulphate, scaffold. angostar, to narrow, contract,-----colgante, hanging scaffold. angosto, narrow, close.-----de báscula (Col), scaffold on outlookers tied angostura/, gap, pass, narrows, gorge; throat. back to wall above. -----de la marea, tiderace.-----d e ‘caballetes, horse scaffold. angra /, cove, small bay.-----de parales, pole scaffold. angstrom ra (física), angstrom,-----suspendido, swinging or hanging scaffold. anguena / (min)(Es), a silver ore.-----tubular, pipe scaffold. anguilas / , launching ways,-----voladizo o volado, flying or cantilever or Out­ angular ra, (Sp)(C )(Pe) steel angle, angle iron; rigger scaffold, any rolled steel shape ;a angular, sharp (sand).andana / , row, file, line, tier, -----canal, channel iron.andarache ra (min)(Es), scaffold, -----ele (C), steel angle, angle iron.andarivel ra, aerial tramway, cableway, ropeway; ----- T, T bar, T iron. cable guardrail; single whip; cable ferry; -----Z, Z bar. cable railway; (C) ferryboat, ángulo ra, angle.andén ra, (rr) platform; sidewalk on a bridge; -----ascendente (lev), angle of elevation. walkway; towpath; (top)(Pe)(B) terrace; -----atiesador (est), stiffening angle. (ap) loading apron. -----comprendido, included angle.-----de cabeza (fc), end platform. -----con bordón o con nervio (est), bulb angle.-----de entrevia (fc), island platform. -----de arista redonda (est), round-back angle,-----de llegada (fc), arrival platform. -----de asiento (est), shelf or seat angle, erection-----de salida (fc), departure platform. seat.----- de trasbordo, transfer platform. -----de ataque, angle of attack; (mt) workingándito ?n, sidewalk; piazza, angle.andullo ra (núut), fender, mat. -----de aterrizaje (ap), landing angle.anegable, subject to inundation, -----de atraso (eléc), angle of lag.anegación / , inundation. -----de avance, (se) angle of lead, angular ad­anegadizo, liable to be overflowed; nonfloating, vance; (elec) angle of lead or of lag.anegar, to submerge, flood, inundate; (pu) to -----del bisel (sol), groove angle, bevel angle. drown; anegarce, to bo flooded; to sink; to -----de contingencia (fc), angle of intersection. become waterlogged, ----- del chaflán (sol), groove or bevel angle.aneléctrico, aneloctric. -----de deflexión (fc) (M) (AC) (E c), deflectionanemográfico, anemograpliic. angle.anemografo ra, anemograph, recording wind -----de deriva (fma), angle of crab. gage. -----de desfasamiento (eléc), phase angle.anemograma ra, anemogram. -----de despojo (mh), clearance angle.anemometria / , anemometry, wind gaging, -----de desviación, deflection angle; angle of de­anemometrico, anemometric. viation; (cab) fleet angle.anemómetro ?n, anemometer, wind gage. — de entrada (mh), entering angle. —-----indicador, indicating anemometer. -----de espacio libre labial, lip-relief angle (twist•----registrador, recording anemometer.- drill).anemometrografo m, ancmomctrograph, record­ -----de esviaje, angle of skew; (cab) fleet angle. ing wind gage, -----de filo (mh), tool angle, angle of keenness.anemoscopio m (mil), anemoscope, -----de fricción, angle of friction or of repose.aneróbico (is), anaerobic, -----de frotamiento interno, angle of intern ajanerobiosis /, anaerobiosis. friction, www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 37. ángulo 24 ánodo-----la hélice (herr)(rs), helix angle de . -----abrazadera (mh), clamp ring.-----de la herramienta (mh), tool angle, angle of -----aceitador (lu), oil ring. keenness. ----- anual (mad), growth ring.-----de incidencia, angle of incidence. ----- colector (eléc), slip or collector ring.-----de inclinación lateral (mh), side-rake angle. ----- conector (carp), ring connector.-----de juego (m h)(A), relief angle. ----- de albura (mad), sap ring.-----de llegada (ra), angle of arrival. ----- del asiento (vá), seat ring.-----de planeo (ap), angle of glide, obstruction ------ de bolas tipo empuje (cojinete), thrust ball ratio. race.-----de la ranura (sol), bevel or groove angle. ----- de cierre, lock ring (tire).-----de rayo (ra), beam angle. ■----de cierre hidráulico (bm), lantern ring.----- de rebajo o de relieve (mh), relief angle. —— de crecimiento (mad), growth ring.-----de reposo, angle of repose or of friction. ------ de émbolo, piston or packing ring.— ■de resbalamiento (A), angle of repose. ----- de empaque, washer, packing or junk ring;-----de resistencia al corte (ms), angle of shear­ (str) filling ring. ing resistance. ----- de empuje, thrust collar.■ de retraso (eléc), angle of lag, phase angle. — ----- de engrase (lu), oil ring.■ de rincón vivo (est), square-root angle.---- ----- de estancamiento (lu), seal ring.-----de rozamiento, angle of friction. -----de estopas o de guarnición, (eng) junk or-----de rumbo (geof), angle of strike. packing ring.-----de salida, (ra) angle of departure; (geop) ----- de frotamiento (mot), slip ring. angle of emergence. ---- - de la garganta (turb), throat ring.-----de separación (mh), front clearance. ----- de goteo (lu), drip ring.-----de sesgo, angle of skew. ----- de grasa (lu), grease ring.-----de varenga (cn), reverse frame. ----- de guarapo (az), juice ring.— - de vista (fma), angle of view or of coverage. -----de horquilla, clevis ring.-----descendente (lev), angle of depression. -----de levas, cam ring.-----desigual (est), angle with unequal legs. ----- de lubricación, oil ring.-----entrante, re-entrant angle. ----- de prensaestopas, (eng) junk ring.-----horario, hour angle. ----- de remate (est), cap ring.-----igual (est), angle with equal legs. -----de resorte, snap ring (piston).-----incluso, included angle. -----de respaldo (sol), backing ring.-----labial (A), lip angle (twist drill). ----- de retenidas, (de) guy ring.-----lateral de caída (m h), side rake. ----- de retículo (inst), cross-hair ring.-----paraláctico, angular parallax, parallactic ----- de rodadura, bearing race, raceway. angle. ----- de rodete, turbine case.-----periférico (fc)(V ), deflection angle. ----- de salida (turb), discharge ring.-----recto, right angle. ----- de traviesas (turb) (U), speed ring.----- subtenso (lev), subtense angle. ----- desgastable, wearing ring.-----sujetador (est), clip angle. ■ distribuidor (turb), speed or stay ring. ----------superior de inclinación (mh), back-rake -----fiador, retainer (ball bearing). angle. ■ -fraccionado (mad), false ring. —-----tangencial (fc), deflection angle. -----guardapolvo, dust ring.-----trancanil (cn), stringer angle. -----limpiador de aceite (lu), wiper ring.-----trasero de caída (mh), back rake. • -----llenador (est), filling ring.-----vertical (lev), vertical angle, angle of eleva­ -----micromètrico, micrometer collar. tion, altitude or site angle, ----- portabolas, cage of a ball bearing, ball race. ángulos -----portante: (túrb), case ring.-----adyacentes, adjacent angles. ----- portapaletas (turb), guide-vane ring. -----alternos, alternate angles. -----regulador (turb), gate or shifting ring. -----de ensamblaje (est), connection angles. ----- restregador (émbolo), scraper or wiper ring. -----en cruz (est), starred angles. ----- rozante (mot), slip ring. -----espalda con espalda, angles back to back. ----- salpicador (ra), splash ring. angulosidad / , angularity, — - seguidor (hid), follower ring (gate). anguloso, angular; sharp (sand)., -----sincronizador (auto), synchronizing ring. anhidrico, anhydrous, ----- sujetador (mh), shell chuck. anhídrido m, anhydride, á n im a /, (cab) center, core; web (drill); (mech) anhidrita / (miner), anhydrite, bore, anhidro, anhydrous, anión m, anion, anidable, nestable, anisométrico, anisometric. anidado, nested. anisotrópico, anisótropo, anisotropic, aniego m, aniegue m (M ), inundation, flooding, anòdico (eléc), anodic, anodal. anilina/, aniline, anodizar, to anodize, anilla / , ring. ánodo m (eléc), anode. anillar, to form rings or hoops, -----acelerador (ra)(tv), accelerating anode. anillo m, ring, hoop, collar, rim. -----partido, split anode. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 38. ánodo 25 anticongelador ----- retenedor, holding anode . -----fantasma, phantom or dummy antenna. anofeles, anopheles (mosquito), -----ficticia (A ), dummy antenna. anofelino, anopheline. -----giratoria, rotary-beam antenna. anolito ra (eléc), anolyte. -----indicadora de dirección (ap), directionfinder. anomalía/, anomaly (all senses), -----larga, long-wire or harmonic antenna. anortita/ (miner), anorthite (feldspar), ----- múltiple, multiple-tuned antenna. anortosita/ (geol), anorthosite. ----- paraguas o sombrilla, umbrella antenna. anotador m, recorder, note keeper, -----rómbica, diamond antenna. anotar, to take notes, -----sintonizada, tuned antenna. anotrón (ra), aiiotron. antenas entongadas, stacked array, antagonista, antagónico (mee), reactive, antag­ anteojo ra, telescope (transit or level). onistic. -----astronómico o de imagen invertida o de antebahía / (M ), entrance to a bay. ocular simple, astronomical telescope (in­ antecámara / , (hyd) forebay; lobby, anteroom; verted image). (di) antechamber. -----buscador (fma), telescopic finder. ----- de compresión (M ), air lock. -----de erección o de imagen recta, erecting or antecedentes m, preliminary data, terrestrial telescope. antecrisol ra, forehearth. -----de foco exterior, external-focusing telescope. antedársena/, entrance to a dock; first of a series -----de inversión (Es), erecting telescope. of basins, -----de puntería (fm a), sighting telescope. antedique ra, entrance to a dry dock, ----- meridiano, meridian instrument. anteesclusa / , entrance to a lock, -----solar (lev), solar telescope. anteespolón ra, works to protect a mole or jetty, anteojos de camino, goggles, anteestudio ra, preliminary study, antepagar, to prepay, antefoñdo ra, step protecting the floor of a lock, antepaís ra, foreland. antefornalla / , front part of firebox, antepecho to, railing; parapet; panel or apron or antegrada / (cn), lower end of launching ways, filler wall; spandrel; (min) bench, antehogar ra, front part of firebox, antepozo ra (A)(EJs), pump pit for semiartesian antena / (ra), antenna. well.----- Adcock, Adcock antenna. antepresa / (Es), upstream cofferdam. ,----- aperiódica, deadbeat or aperiodic antenna. antepresupuesto ra, preliminary estimate,----- artificial, artificial or dummy antenna. anteproyecto ra, preliminary design,----- Beverage, wave or Beverage antenna. antepuerto to, outer harbor, anchorage outside----- binomia, binomial array. an artificial port.----- cargada, loaded antenna. -----fluvial, protective works above a river port.—— compensadora, balancing aerial. antesolera / (hid), upstream hearth.----- de abanico, fan antenna. antestudio ra, preliminary study.----- de argolla, loop antenna. antetecho ra (Ch), overhang of a roof, eaves.----- de capacitancia, condenser or capacitor an­ antetrén ra, forecarriage. tenna. anteumbral ra (hid), upstream sill.----- de capas, tier array. antiablandecedor, nonsoftening.----- de cuadro, radio loop, loop antenna. antiácido, acid-resisting.----- de cuarto de onda, quartcr-wave antenna. antiaferrador, antiagarrador (maq), nonseizing.----- de doblete, doublet antenna. antialabeo, nonwarping.----- de fajas múltiples, multiband antenna. antialcalino, antalkaline.----- de haz (Es), beam antenna. antianofelino, antianopheline (mosquito).----- de inversión, antenna reflector. antiarañador, nonscoring.-----de jaula, cage antenna. antiarcos (eléc), nonarcing.----- de lazo, loop or coil antenna. antibiosis / (is), antibiosis.----- de media onda, half-wave antenna. anticapacitivo (eléc), anticapacitive.-----de molinete, turnstile antenna. anticatalizador m (quim), anticatalyst.-----de onda, wave or Beverage antenna. anticátodo ra (ra), anticathode, anode.----- de plena onda, full-wave antenna. anticlástico (mat), anticlastic.— de reflexión, antenna reflector. anticlinal ra (geol), anticline; a anticlinal.----- de techo plano, flat-top antenna. -----compuesto o múltiple, anticlinorium.-----de toda onda, all-wave antenna. -----interrumpido, arrested anticline.•--- de vientre (Es), loop antenna. - -----recostado, recumbent anticline.----- dipolo, dipole antertna, (Sp) doublet an­ ----- tumbado, overturned anticline. tenna. anticlinorio ra (geol), anticlinorium.-----direccional, antenna array, beam or direc­ anticloro ra (quím), antichlor. tional antenna. anticoagulante, anticoagulant,-----direccional transmisora, directive antenna. anticohesor m (ra), anticoherer,-----emisora, transmitting antenna. anticombustible ra, any fire-extinguishing chemi­-----en V, folded-wire or V antenna. cal.----- espina de pescado, fishbone antenna. anticondensación, anticondensation,* falsa, artificial antenna. ---- anticongelador ra, deicer, anti-icer. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 39. anticongelante 26 aparatoanticongelante, antifreeze, antipírico (C), fire-resisting,anticontracción, nonshrink . antirrajadura, antisphtting.anticorrosivo, rust-resisting, anticorrosive, non­ antirrechinante, antisqueak, corrosive, antirresbalidizo, nonslip, nonskid,anticorto-circuito (elèe), antishort, antirresonancia/ (ra), antiresonance,antichirrido, antisqueak, antirresonante, (A) soundproof,antiderrapante (M ), nonskid, antisalpicadura, nonsplash (funnel),antideslizante (m) para correas, belt dressing, antiséptico, antiseptic; (pt) antifouling.antideslumbrante (vi), antiglare, antisifonaje, antisiphon,antidesvanecedor (ra), antifading, antisimétrico, antisymmetrioal.antidetonancia / (mg), antiknock value, antisísmico, earthquake-proof, antiseismic.antidetonante m, antiknock, antidetonant, fuel antisonoro, soundproof, dope; a antiknock, antisuero to (lab), antiserum,antiebullicivo (cal), antipriming, antitérmico, nonconducting of heat,antieconómico, unprofitable, antivaho (A), antiglare (glass),antiendurecedor, nonhardening, antizumbido (eléc), antihum.antiengrane (A), antiseize, antlerita /, antlerite, native Copper sulphate,antiespuma (cal), antifoam, nonfoaming, antorcha/, welding torch; plumber’s torch.antiestático (ra), antistatic, ----- a soplete, blowtorch.antifase / (elèe), antiphase, opposite phase, • -----cortadora, cutting torch.antifluctuación (elèo), antihunting, ----- de arco eléctrico (sol), arc torch.antifricción, antifriction, ----- de guitarra o de pared, banjo or wall torch.antigénico (lab), antigenic, ■ -----para camino, highway or road torch, fusee.antígeno m (lab), antigen, ----- soldadora, welding torch.antigiratorio (cab), nonspinning, antraceno to, anthracene,antigolpeteo (mg), antiknock, antracifero (geol), anthraciferous.antihalo (fma), antihalation, antracita/, anthracite or hard coal,antiherrumbroso, rust-resisting, antracitico, anthracitic.antihigroscópico (A), nonhygroscopie, moisture- antracitoso, anthracitous, containing anthracite, proof. anulador (to) de energía, stilling pool, any deviceantiinductivo (elèe), anti-induction, for dissipating the energy of falling water,antilarvario, larvae-destroying. anular a, annular,antilogaritmo to, antilogarithm, anunciador to (eléc), annunciator,antimagnético (A), nonmagnetic, anunciar, to advertise,antimalárico (C), antimalarial. anuncio m, announcement; advertisement,antimicrofónico (ra), antimicrophonie. aojada / (Col), skylight,antimoniado, containing antimony, antimoni- apaciguador (m) de arco (sol), arc pacifier, ureted. apagabrasas to (loco), live-coal extinguisher,antimonial, antimonial, apagachispas m, spark extinguisher or arrester,antimoniato to, antimonate. apagada al aire, air-slaked (lime),antimónico a, antimony, antimonio, apagador to, quencher, extinguisher; slaker;antimonifero, containing antimony, (elee) (M ) light switch.antimonio to, antimony. -----a espuma, foam fire extinguisher.-----arsenical (miner), allemontite, arsenical an­ -----de arco (eléc), arc quencher. timony. -----de cal, lime slaker.■-----bianco (miner), valentinite, white antimony. -----visible (M ), surface switch.-----gris (miner), stibnite, gray antimony. apagafuego, apagaincendios, apagallamas to, fire-----pirofórico, explosive antimony. extinguisher,-----rojo, red antimony; kermes mineral. apagar, to extinguish, quench; to slake (lime);antimonioso, antimonious. (elec) to switch off.antimonita / (miner), antimonite, stibnite. apainelado, elliptical (arch); (Col) paneled,antimonito to (quim), antimonite. apalancar, to pry, move with a lever,antimoniuro m, antimonide. apaleadora / (C ), power shovel,antincrustante m, boiler or antiscale compound ; apalear, to shovel, a preventing scale formation; (pt) anti- apamate to, a Venezuelan lumber, fouling, apancle, apantle to (M ), irrigation ditch; flume,antinodo to (ra), antinode. apantallar (ra), to shield, screen,-----de la corriente, current antinode or loop. apantanar, to flood, inundate,antinormal, antinormal. aparadura / (cn), garbel, plate of the garboardantioxidante, antirust, rust-resisting, antioxidant. si rake.antipalúdico, antimalaria. aparar, to dress with an adz, to dub.antiparalela / (mat), antiparallel. aparatista (Es), instrument maker,antiparalelo a, antiparallel. aparato m, apparatus, device, fixture.antiparásito (elèe), antiparasitic. -----de distribución (eléc), switchgear.antiparras/, goggles. -----de mando, control mechanism.antipatinador to, antiskid device. -— de seguridad, safety device. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 40. aparato 27 aportación -----timoneo (en), steering gear de . aperiodicidad/ , aperiodieity. ----- dibujador, drafting machine. aperiódico (eléc), aperiodic. -— restituidor (fma), restitution machine. apernar, to bolt; to pin. ----- rotulador (dib), lettering machine. aperos m, tools, equipment, outfit. ■ ----tensor, take-up tackle, tightening device. apertura / , act óf opening. aparatos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures, apestañar (Es), to flange. aparedar, to wall up. apilador m (ef), decker. aparejador m, rigger; one who lays out the work; apiladora / , stacker, portable elevator. (lg) fitter, marker, apilar, to pile, stack. aparejar, to rig; to lay out; (pt) to prime, size, apilonar (C) (PR) (M ), to pile, pile up, stack, fill; (mas) to bond; (lbr) to rough-dress, apiñadura/ (ef), a jam. aparejo m, block and fall; chain block; tackle, apiñamiento (m) del espectro (eléc), spectrum rigging; purchase; (pt) priming, sizing, crowding. filler; (mas) bond; (mas) laying out; pack- apiñar, apiñarse, to jam, clog, stick, stall, saddle. apique m, mine shaft, ■---a cadena, chain block. apiri m, laborer in a mine, ■ atesador o de compensación, take-up tackle. — apisonado m (V), roadbed, subgrade, ■ ---cruzado (lad), cross or Dutch bond. apisonador m, rammer, tamper. cuádruple, four-part tackle. ----- de relleno, backfill tamper. de dibujo, drafting machine. -----de vapor, steam roller. ■ de lantia, single whip. ---- apisonadora/, tamper; roller. de maniobras (pet), draw works. —: de neumáticos, rubber-tire roller; — d e molinete, capstan pulley blocks (for line­ ----- de patitas de carnero, sheepsfoot or tamping men). roller. de perforación (pet), drilling rig. -----niveladora (ca), tamping and leveling ma­ ■ de retenida (cn), vang purchase, guy tackle. ---- chine. de sogas biseladas (lad), clipped or secret apisonar, to tamp, compact, ram. bond. apitón m, a Philippine lumber,■ ■de válvula (m v)(M ), valve gear. — apizarrado, containing slate, diferencial, differential hoist, chain block. apizarrar, to do slatework. espigado (lad), herringbone bond. aplanadera / , straightedge; mason’s float; road flamenco u holandés (lad), Flemish bond. drag.----- inglés (lad), English bond. aplanador m, roller; grader; (bs) flatter; (mas)----- inglés y cruzado (lad), block-and-cross or float. cross-and-English bond. aplanadora / , roller; grader; mason’s float; quíntuplo, five-part line. dresser. ■ tensor, take-up or tension tackle. --- ----- a vapor, steam roller.apartadero m, (rr) siding; (rr) turnout; (rd) wide ----- automotriz, motor roller. place for passing; (canal) wide spot where •----con pies de cabra o de pezuña, sheepsfoot or - boats may tie up. tamping roller.----- de paso, passing siding, turnout. -----mecánica (ec), power float.•-----muerto, dead-end siding. -----pata de cabra, sheepsfoot roller.----- particular, private siding. aplanar, to level, grade; to smooth up; (mas) toapartaderos solapados (fc), lap sidings, float.apartado m, (min) ore separation; (M) smelting; aplantillar, to work to a template, post-office box. aplastamiento m, collapsing; crushing; (pi)apartador m, ore picker; smelter, brooming; (conc) (Pe) (U) (A) slump. *apartamiento (to) meridiano, meridian distance, aplastar, to flatten; to crush, (pi) broom;apartar, to sort, separate, classify; (rr) to side­ aplastarse, to collapse, track. aplayar (r), to overflow,apartarrayos m, lightning arrester, aplicador m (ca)(lab), applicator,apatita / (miner), apatite. aplicar, to place against, apply to.-----fluor, fluorapatite. a p lita / (geol), aplite.apeadero m (fc), small station, aplobasalto m (geol), aplobasalt.apeador m, land surveyor, aplogranito m, aplogranite.apeadura, surveying. aplomar, to plumb; to coat with lead; aplomarse,apear, to fell (trees); to chock (wheel); to survey; to collapse. to shore, timber, brace; (Col) to support; aplomo m, v ertica lly; plumb line; o plumb, (M ) to underpin, vertical.apelotonar, to form into balls, apocromático, apochromatic (lens),apelmazar, to compress. apomecómetro m (lev), apomecometer.apeo m, a survey; timbering, shoring; cutting apopado (náut), down by the stern, trees; (M) underpinning, aporiolita/ (geol), aporhyolite.aperador m, wheelwright; foreman; (min) store­ aporreador m (Ch), sledge, maul, striking hammer, keeper, aportación /, (hyd) inflow, runoff; (w) weldaperar, to repair wagons. metal used in one operation. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 41. aportadero 28 árbolaportadero anchorage in a port, m, apuntar, to take notes; to sketch; to point; (inst)aportar (náut), to arrive in port, to sight.aporte to (hid), runoff, inflow, apunte m, rough sketch; memorandum, note,aporticado (est)(A), rigidly framed (columns and apuntillado to (min), wedging, shimming, connecting beam or truss), apurar, to purify; to finish; to hurry,aportillar, to make an opening in; aportillarse, to aquastato to, Aquastat (trademark), collapse, aquebradizar, to embrittle,apostadero to, naval station . a querita/ (geol), akerite.----- de hidroaviones, seaplane base, air harbor. arabana / (az), araban,apotema / (mat), apothem, arabinosa / (az), arabinose.apoyadero m, strut, shore, support, arado to, plow.apoyado libremente (viga), simply supported, -----de caminos, road plow.apoyaherramienta to, tool rest, ----- de nieve, snowplow.apoyapié to (auto), footrest. -----desarraigador, rooting or rooter plow; grubapoyar, to support; apoyarse en, to abut against, hook. rest on. ----- descargador (fc), train plow, ballast plow.apoyo to, support, bearing, cradle. -----múltiple, gang plow.-----colgante, shaft hanger. ----- quitanieve, snowplow.■ de dilatación, expansion bearing. — araguaney, araguato to, Venezuelan lumber-----de oscilación (est), rocker bearing. trees.-----de pasador, pin bearing. aralejo m, a West Indian hardwood,■ de rodillos (pte), roller or expansion bearing. ---- arancel m, tariff. apozarse (C ol)(P R ), to back up (water), to form — - aduanero, schedule of customs duties. pools. •----consular, list of consular fees. - apreciación / , appraisal, valuation; estimate; arandela /, washer, gasket; burr. (inst) smallest reading, ----- abierta, slip washer, C or slotted washer. appreciador m, appraiser, ----- acopada, cup washer. apreciar, to value, appraise; to estimate, ----- achaflanada o ahusada, bevel washer. aprecio m, appraisal, valuation, ----- cortada, cut washer. aprendiz, apprentice, -----de aceite, oil retainer. aprendizaje m, apprenticeship, -----de cabo, grommet. apresar (Es), to dam. ----- de cimacio o de gola, ogee or cast-iron aprestado to, dressing, washer. aprestadorm (pint), primer, ----- de cojín, cushion washer. aprestar, to make ready; (pt) to prime, size, ----- de empaque o de guarnición, packing washer. apresto m, outfit, equipment; (pt) priming. ----- de empuje, thrust washer. -----a soplete (pint), flame priming. ----- de grifo, bibb washer. -----para correas, belt dressing. ----- de placa, plate washer. apretado, tight, close; compact, ----- elástica o de resorte, spring washer. apretador to, tightener. ----- espadadora o separadora, spacing washer, ----- de corredera, zipper. separator. -----de tuercas (C h), nut runner or setter. — - fiador o de seguridad, lock washer. apretar, to tighten, to set (brake); (sh) to crowd; ----- fijadora, check or lock washer. to crimp (blasting cap), -----lubricadora, oiling washer. apretatubo m, hosecock, pinchcock. ----- nervada, ribbed cast-iron washer. apretón m (min), pressure, ----- partida, split washer. apretura/, tightness; (top) gorge, narrows, ----- taza (A ), cup washer. aprietacable to (A), cable clip, araña / (mee), spider, yoke, crowfoot, aprietacadena to, chain tightener, arañar, to score, scratch, aprietatuercas m, nut runner or setter, arar, to plow. aprieto m, (min) pressure; (machy) seizing, araucaria / , a South American pine, aproche (Col), aproches (M ) to, approach, arazá to, a South American hardwood, apropiación / (C ), appropriation, arbitración/ , arbitration, aprovechamiento to, development, utilization, arbitrador, árbitro to, arbitrator, exploitation; reclamation. arbitraje m, arbitration; arbitrage, — forestal, logging, lumbering. — arbitrar, to arbitrate. -----hidroeléctrico, hydroelectric development. árbol to, tree; mast; (machy) shaft, axle; man­ aprovisionamiento (m) de agua, water supply, drel; (bldg) center post of a spiral stairway. aprovisionar, to furnish, supply, ----- acodado, crankshaft. aproximación/, approximation; approach, • —-balan ceador (m gXA), rocker-arm shaft. aproximado a, approximate, ----- cardán, cardan shaft. apuntador to, timekeeper; note keeper, recorder, -----cigüeñal, crankshaft. apuntadora / (mh), pointing tool, ----- compensador, compensating axle. apuntalamiento m, shoring, timbering, trench -----de anclaje (ef), spar tree, head spar. bracing; falsework, -----del balancín, balance arbor. apuntalar, to shore, brace, prop. ■-----de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas tree. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 42. árbol 29 área • •de cabezal, head .shaft — adintelado, flat arch. ----- de camas (A ), camshaft. ■ apainelado, elliptical arch. ---- ----- de cola (ef), tail tree. articulado, hinged arch. ■ de conexiones (pet), Christmas tree. ---- - — birrotulado, two-hinged arch. ----- de contramarcha, countershaft. ----- capialzado, arch behind a lintel. ----- de desembrague, clutch-shifter or clutch- carbónico (eléc)(A), carbon arc. throwout shaft. carpanel, three-centered or elliptical arch. ----- del diferencial (auto), live axle. —— crucero, rib at intersection of groined arches. ----- de dirección (auto), steering shaft. -----cubierto (sol), shielded arc. — - de distribución, camshaft. ■ de aligeramiento, relieving arch. ---- -----de excéntricas (C), camshaft. • de ángulo constante, constant-angle arch ----- de impulsión, driving shaft. (dam). ----- de levas, camshaft. de asa de canasta (M ), three-centered arch. ----- de mando (auto) propeller shaft. de centro pleno, semicircular or full-centered ----- de reenvió (Es), countershaft, secondary arch. shaft. ----- de cuatro centros, four-centered arch. ----- de sierra, saw mandrel. ■ de declinación (inst), declination arc. ----- de torsión, torque shaft. -----de descarga, relieving arch. ■ de transmisión, driving shaft, (auto) propel­ ---- ----- de dos articulaciones, two-hinged arch. ler shaft. ----- de encuentro, groined arch. ----- gigantesco, big tree, sequoia; redwood. -----de enjuto abierto, open-spandrel arch. grúa (ef), spar tree, head spar or tree. ----- de filete, fillet arch. ----- motor, driving shaft or axle; crankshaft. de la hélice (cn), propeller arch, bridge -----partido, split shaft. piece, tuck plate. ■ propulsor, driving shaft, (auto) propeller ---- ----- de llama (eléc), flaming arc. shaft. de medio punto, semicircular or full-centered arbolar, to plant trees; to set a mast, arch. arbollón m, sewer, drain. • de radio constante, eonstant-radius arch arborización/ , arborestación / (M ), forestation, (dam). arbotante m, semiarch supporting a vault, strut de sardinel, rowlock (brick) arch. of a flying buttress; outlooker, hoisting -----de segmento, segmental arch. beam, de sierra, hacksaw frame. a rea /, box. -----de tres articulaciones o de triple charnela o ----- de agua, cistern. de triple rótula, three-hinged arch, ----- de herramientas, toolbox. de tres centros, three-centered arch, arcada / , arcade, series of arches, descubierto (sol), unshielded arc. arcaduz m, conduit; elevator bucket, en esviaje, skew arch. arce m, maple. escarzano o rebajado, segmental arch. ----- sacarino o de azúcar, sugar maple. forestal (te), logging arch. arcén m (Es), curb around a shaft or well; river- inverso (ra), arc-back, backfire. bank. múltiple, multiple arch (dam). arcilla / , clay nervado, ribbed arch. ■ batida, puddled clay. ---- para troncos (te), logging arch. ■--- cocida, burnt clay. - parlante (ra), speaking arc. ----- de batán, fuller’s earth. protegido (sol), shielded aro. de cohesión o de liga (ms), bond clay. rampante, rampant arch. de filtro, filter clay. ■ rectilíneo, flat arch. — de ladrillero, brick clay. reticulado, framed arch. ■ de pedernal, flint clay. — ■ rotulado, hinged arch. ---- de pudelaje (M ), clay puddle. sesgado, skew arch. ■ descoloradora, bleaching clay. ---- sonoro (eléc), singing arc. endurecida (V), clay stone. taquimétrico (inst), stadia arc. esquistosa, shale. - tricéntrico o zarpanel, three-centered arch. ----- ferruginosa, iron clay, clay ironstone. trirrotulado, three-hinged arch. laminar (V), shale. vuelto, inverted arch. refractaria, fire clay. arcón m, bin, bunker; caisson.----- refractaria apedernalada, flint clay. carbonero, coalbin. arcillar m, deposit of clay; v to spread clay; to arcosa / (geol), arkose (sandstone). mix with clay, archivador m, filing cabinet.a rcillita/ (V), clay stone, archivar, to file (documents).arcilloarenoso (geol), argilloarenaceous. archivero m (M ), tiling cabinet.arcillocalcáreo (geol), argillocalcareous. archivos to, (of) files.arcilloso, clayey, argillaceous, arder, to burn.arco m, arch; arc; (elec) arc. á rea /, area; (meas) are. a regia, flat arch. alimentadora o colectora (hid), drainage or------acarreador de trozas (M ), logging arch. catchment area, watershed. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 43. 30 armadurafirea-----calentamiento (ap), warming-up areaargamasón m, lump of mortar, de .-----de captación o drenaje (hid), catchment árgana / (Es), derrick, crane, area, watershed. arganeo to, anchor ring,-----de escurrimiento (hid)(Col), drainage area, argénteo, argental; silver-plated, watershed. argéntico, argentic.-----de inundación, flooded area; flood plam. argentífero, containing silver, argentiferous, sil­-----de retención (irr), check. ver-bearing,-----de sobrerrecorrido (ap), runover area. argentino, argental, silvery,----- de soporte (est), bearing area. argentita/, argentite (silver ore),-----de sustentación, bearing area. argentoso, argentous.— de viraje (ap), turn-around. — argilolita /, clay stone, -----exploradora (tv), scanning spot. argilla/, clay. ___ vertiente (hid), watershed, drainage area. argirita, argirosa / (miner), argyrite, argyrose, áreas extremas (ot), end areas, argentite. argiritrosa / (miner), argyrythrose, pyrargyrite. aren a/, sand. -----acarreadiza, blow sand. argo m (quim), argon. -----corrediza, quicksand. argolla/, ring; staple; shackle. -----cuarzosa, quartz sand. argüe m, windlass, capstan. -----chancada, crusher fjand. a ridez/, aridity. -----de aristas vivas, sharp sand. árido m, (conc) (rd) aggregate, road metal; a arid. -----de cantera o de mina, pit sand. -----fino, fine aggregate, sand. -----de conchas, shell sand. ----- graduado, graded aggregate. -----de duna, blow or dune sand. — - grueso, coarse aggregate, -----de escape (pet), thief sand. ariegita/ (geol), ariegite (pyroxenite). -----de fundición, molding or foundry sand. arietazo m (hid), water hammer, ----- de granos angulosos, sharp sand. ariete to, ram; water hammer. -----de mar o de playa, beach sand. -----a vapor, steam ram. ----- de revocar, plastering sand. ----- hidráulico, hydraulic ram; water hammer. -----de sílice, silica sand. arigue to (ed) (F ), post, stud, ----- flúida o movediza, quicksand. arista/, edge; salient angle; curb. -----fluvial, river sand. -----cortante, cutting edge. -----gasífera, gas sand. ----- cortante del fuste (herr), body-cutting edge. -----gorda o gruesa, coarse sand. -----cortante de la punta (herr), point-cutting -----molida, rolled or manufactured sand. edge. . ----- normal, standard sand. -----de encuentro, groin, intersection of groined -----oriental (A ), sand from Uruguay. arches. - — petrolífera, oil sand. ----- hidrográfica (V), watershed divide. -----productiva (pet), pay or producing sand. ----- matada, beveled edge. - — metálica de defensa, curb bar; corner bead. -----recia, coarse sand. •-----refractaria, fire or refractory sand. ----- viqa, sharp edge; draft edge. -----rodada, buckshot sand. aristero m (to) (A), hip. -----verde (fund), green sand. aristón to, line of intersection of groined arches; arenáceo, sandy, arenaceous. reinforced corner, arenador m, s a n d e r ; sandbox; (loco) sand dom e; aritm ética/, arithmetic, (A) sandblast outfit, aritmético, arithmetical, aren ad ora/ (ca), sand spreader, sander. aritmómetro to, calculating machine, arenal w , deposit of sand, sand pit or bar; (M ) arm ada/, erection, assembly; navy, sand dune, armadía /, raft. armado, built-up, framed, assembled; reinforced; arenar, to sand. a r e n e r a /(M ), sandblast outfit, trussed. areneo m, sanding, sandblasting, -----con pasadores, pin-connected. arenero m, sandbox; sand trap, settling basin: armador to, erector, framer; shipowner. ^ grit chamber; (loco) sand dome.^ -----de buques, shipfitter, shipbuilder; shipowner. arenilla/, fine sand, molding sand; grit, -----de puentes, bridgeman, steel erector. arenillas (m in)(M ), tailings, armadura / , erection, assembly; bent, frame­ work; truss; armature (magnet), keeper; arenisca / , sandstone. mounting; (conc) reinforcement; (V) con­ -----arcósica, arkose. crete forms; (elec)(C) armature. -----verde, greensand. arenisco, arenoso, sandy. -----A, A frame. areometria / , (chem) hydrometry, areometry. ----- articulada, pin-connected truss. areométrico, areometric. ----- atiesadora, stiffening truss. areómetro, hydrometer, areometer, (su) spindle, -----Baltimore, Baltimore truss. atetillo to, a Cuban hardwood, ------ Burr, Burr truss. argallera/ (Es), grooving saw, croze, ---- -comprimida (conc), compression reinforce­ argam asa/, (mas) mortar, ment. argamasar, to lay in mortar, to cement. -----contraquebranto (cn), hog frame. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 44. armadura 31 arrancador - — cruzada (conc), two-way reinforcement de compresión (émbolo), compression ring. . de arco y cuerda, bowstring truss. de émbolo, piston or packing ring. -— de cubierta, roof truss. de freno, brake ring. ■ de dos péndolas, queen-post truss. de guarnición, packing ring. -----de enrejado, lattice truss. • de neumático (auto), rim. — -----de lúnula, crescent truss. de piston, piston ring. de malla (conc), mat reinforcement; mesh de resorte, snap ring (piston). reinforcement. de ventilación (auto), ventilated piston ring. -----de pasadores, pin-connected truss. ----- dentado, ring gear. -----de pendolón, king-post truss. ----- desmontable (auto), demountable rim. -----de rigidez, stiffening truss. -----empaquetador, packing ring. : de segueta (C), hacksaw frame. portabolas o de rodillos, ball race (bearing), de surgencia (pet)(V), Christmas tree. roller cage, • de tablero inferior, through truss. rasca-aceite (auto)(A), scraper ring. ■----de tablero superior, deck truss. - -----rascador, scraper ring. ----- de tijera, scissors truss. regulador de aceite (auto), oil-control ring, ----- de viga, trussing of a beam. arpeo m, cant hook; grapnel, ----- en abanico, fan truss. arpeos de pie, climbing irons, climbers, ----- en arco, arch truss. arpillera/, burlap, bagging, en espiral (conc), spiral reinforcement. arpón m (pet), spear. ----- en K, K truss. de circulación y desprendimiento, releasing ----- enana (V ), pony truss. and circulating spear. ----- Howe, Howe truss. -----de disparo, trip spear. ----- Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania or Petit truss. desalojador, releasing spear, ----- Petit, Petit truss. -----pescacable, rope spear. ----- Pratt, Pratt truss. -----pescatubos, casing spear. -— rebajada, pony truss. -----pescaválvulas, valve spear. ------rechoncha (V), pony truss. arponado, pronged, ragged (bolt), ----- selectiva, selective assembly. arqueador m, ship surveyor, ■ ---superior (A ), through truss. arquear, to arch; to survey a ship; arquearse tejida (conc), mesh reinforcement. (an), to hog. triangular, triangular or Warren truss, War­ arqueo m, arching; measurement of a vessel; ren girder. tonnage of a vessel; (com) audit; appraisal volada, cantilever truss. of assets. ■ Warren, Warren girder or truss, triangular -----bruto, gross tonnage. truss. -----de registro, registered tonnage, tons register. Warren de doble intersección, double tri­ -----neto, net tonnage. angular truss. arquería / , series of arches, arcade, ■ Whipple, Whipple truss, double-intersection arquitecto mt architect. Pratt truss, -----naval, naval architect. armaduria /, assembling shop, -----paisajista, landscape architect. armaje m, erection, assembly; (A) framework, arquitectónico, architectural, armar, to assemble, erect, frame; to reinforce; to arquitectura f, architecture. truss, -----civil, architecture. armario m, cabinet. -----hidráulica, hydraulic engineering, de cortacircuito (elec), cutout box. -----militar, military engineering. ■----de dibujos, plan file. -----naval, naval architecture. de herramientas, tool cabinet. arquitectural (M ) (Es), architectural, arm azón/, framework, skeleton, frame, chassis; arquitrabe m, architrave; (C) beam; (Col) lintel, floor system of a bridge; (V) concrete rein­ arrabio m, pig iron; an ingot, forcement. arramblarse, to be covered with sand by a flood, ■ ----A, A frame. arrancaalcayatas m (fc), spike puller, • contraladeo (est), sway frame. arrancaclavos m, claw bar, nail puller,— de orugas, (cr) track frame, crawler frame. — arrancada/, starting. de sustentación, cribwork, crib. arrancador m, puller; grubber, ripper; (auto) del timón (cn), rudder frame. self-starter; (elec) starting compensator;- para serrucho (A), hacksaw frame. (pet) fishing tool,• para troncos (tc), logging arch, a botón, push-button starter. arm ella/, eyebolt; staple. -----automático, self-starter. de resalto, shoulder eyebolfc. -----Bendix, Bendix drive.armónico m a (mat) (elec), harmonic, dé estator (eléc)(A), field starter or control­aro m, hoop, ring; (auto) tire rim. ler,— del aguilón (gr), boom band. de postes de cerco, fence-post puller,■ de barril, barrel hoop. — -----de raíces, grubber.-----de base plana (auto), flat-base rim. de rotor (A), armature starter. • de caja (auto), hollow rim. -----de yerbajos, weed eradicator. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 45. arrancador 32 artefactos■ por inercia, inertia starter,— -----secundario o de contratensión (pte), coun­arrancaengranajes m, gear puller, terbracing,arrancaescarpias to (fe), spike bar . arriostrar, to brace, stay. arroba / , weight of 25 lb; measure varying fromarrancapernos to, spike puller, ¿Vi to 4i i gal.arrancapilotes tíí, pile puller or extractor, arrojar (exc), to cast, dump; to waste,arrancar, to start; to pull, draw; to root out; to arrolladizo, rolling. spring (arch); (min) to mine, dig. arrollado en derivación (eléc), shunt-wound,arrancarraíces to (ec), rooter, ripper, arrollado en serie (eléc), series-wound,arrancasondas m, drill extractor, arrolladura / (mad), shake,arrancatablas to (ts), plank puller, arrollamiento m (eléc), winding.arrancatocón to, stump puller, ----- anular, ring winding.arrancatubos m, pipe puller, tube extractor, -----compensador, compensating winding.arranque to, (machy) starting; beginning, intake ----- de arranque, starting winding. (canal); spring line (arch); (rr) lead; (rr) • ■de cuerdas, chord or short-pitch or frao- — turnout; (min) breaking ground; (min) tional-pitch winding. mining, digging. ----- de lazo, lap winding.-----domiciliario, service connection to a main. ----- de marcha, running winding.-----en frío, (eng) cold starting. — - de tambor, drum winding.-----práctico o real (fc), practical lead. ----- diametral, full-pitch winding.-----teórico (fc), theoretical lead. -----inducido, armature winding.arrasador m (Ch), leveling or finishing machine, ----- inductor, field winding. arrasar, to level; (bldg) to wreck, demolish, raze, ----- ondulado, wave or undulatory winding. arrastradero to (ef), skidding or snaking trail, ----- regulador, regulating winding. arrastradora (/) de troncos (ef), log hauler, arrollar, to roll, wind, reel, arrastrar, to haul, move, pull, draw, drag; (hyd) arromar, to blunt, dull. to scour, wash out; (r) to carry in suspen­ arroyada / , channel of a small stream, gully, sion; (hyd) (chem) to entrain; (lg) to skid, brook, snake, twitch, yard, arroyado, gullied. arrastratubos m, pipe puller, arroyo, brook, stream, creek; small valley, gully, arrastre m, haulage, hauling, carrying, dragging; draw; gutter. washout; drag mill; slope of an adit; (ra) ----- consecuente (geol), consequent stream. pulling; (ra) tracking. •--- obsecuente (geol), obsequent stream. - • capilar, capillary entrainment. ---- ----- resecuente (geol), resequent stream. • de agua (cal), priming. — -----subsecuente (geol), subsequent stream. -----de émbolo (auto), piston drag. arroyuelo to, small brook or valley, ■— de fondo (r), bed load. arrufadura/ (an), sheer, arrastres, suspended matter in a stream, silt. arrufo to (an), sheer; sagging, arrecife to, ridge of rock, ledge, reef; causeway. arruga/, corrugation, wrinkle, ----- barrera o de barra, barrier reef. arrugas de doblez (tub), bending creases, -----costero, fringing reef, arrugado, corrugated, fluted, arreglador (m) de averías (seg), average adjuster arrugamiento to (geol), small fold, or surveyor, arruma / (cn), a hold, cargo compartment, arremolinado to (r), eddy, arrumaje m, stowage, stowing, arremolinarse, to eddy, swirl, form whirlpools, arrumar, to stow. arrendador m, lessor, arrumbamiento m, (surv)(nav) bearing; (geol) arrendamiento m, lease, strike. arrendar, to rent, lease, arrumbe, arrumbre to (Ch), rust, arrendatario to, lessee, leaseholder, arrumbrarse (Ch), to rust, arrestachispas m, spark catcher, arsenal to, shipyard, dockyard; navy yard arrestallamas m, flame arrester, arsenal. arriada/, flood. arseniato m, arsenate, arseniate. arriar, to lower; to slack off; (cab) to pay out; arsenical, arsenical, arriarse, to be flooded, arsénico m a, arsenic. arriba adv, above, overhead, upstairs. ----- bianco, white arsenic, arsenic trioxide. ----- de la corriente, upstream. ----- piritoso (miner), arsenical pyrites, arsenopy- arricete m, reef of rocks. rite. arrimadero m, berth at a dock; ferry slip. ----- rojo, red arsenic, realgar. arrimadillo to, wainscot, dado. arsenioso, arsenious. arrimaje to, lighterage; (Ph) loading platform. arsenito m, arsenite. arrimar, to place against; (naut) to dock, berth. arseniuro m, arsenide. arrimo to, curtain wall; party wall. arsenopirita (mineral de arsénico), arsenopyrite. arriostramiento m (est), bracing. arsenical pyrites, -----contracimbreo o contraladeo, sway bracing. artefacto to, device, appliance, fixture, ----- contraviento, wind bracing. artefactos de alumbrado, fighting fixtures, ----- de portal (pte), portal bracing. artefactos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 46. artesa 33 asfaltoartesa/, trough, tray, launder, mortar tub;asentado de canto (mam), face-bedded, Col) ( river basin. asentador m, stonemason; chisel; (pet) settler.-----de almacenamiento (Col), storage basin or -----de chavetas, key-seating chisel. reservoir. -----de válvulas, valve grinder. ■ de amortiguación (hid)(Col), stilling pool. ---- asentamientom, settlement; (conc)(A)(C)slum p.----- de criba, screen pan. -----con vibración (conc), vibratory slump.-----de despumación o de espumas (dac), skim­ -----normal (conc), standard slump. ming or scum trough. asentar, (str) to set, seat; (act) to enter; (mas)---- - de lavado (pa), wash trough. to bed; (t) to hone; (machy)(A) to run in;----- de rebose (az), save-all, catchall. asentarse, to settle, ■ de salpicadura (lu), splash trough. ---- aseo (m) urbano, street cleaning,----- de via (fc), track pan. aserradero m, sawmill.----- de volteo (mz), dumping chute. -----a sierra sin fin, band mill.•-----oscilante (min), cradle. -----múltiple, gang mill.artesano m, artesan, skilled workman, mechanic. -— para chapa, veneer mill.----- de banco, bench worker, benchman. -----para durmientes, tie mill.artesianismo m (Pe), condition of artesian water, — —transportable, portable sawmill,artesiano, artesian. aserradizo, fit to be sawed into lumber,artesón m, tub, mortar box; panel; (min) wash- aserrado por cuartos, quartersawed, edge-grain. trough. aserrado (m) (.simple, tangent-sawing, plain-saw­artesonado m, paneling, wainscoting, ing, bastard-sawing,articulación / , joint, hinge, articulation, knee aserrador m, sawyer, sawmill worker; (Ec) saw­ joint. mill.----- cardán, cardan j oint. aserradora /, power saw. ■ ----de cruceta (A), universal joint. -----de banda, band saw, band mill.----- esférica o de rótula, ball-and-socket joint. -----de banda para repasar, band resaw.----- giratoria, swivel joint. -----de cantero, stone saw.----- universal, universal joint. -----en caliente, hot saw.articulado, jointed, articulated. -----en frío, cold saw.----- con pasadores, pin-connected. aserradura / , sawing; a saw cut.articular, to hinge, articulate, joint. aserraduras, sawdust,artifice m, artisan, skilled workman; maker. aserrar, to saw.artificial, artificial. -----a contrahilo, to saw across the grain.artificio m, device, appliance. -----al hilo o a lo largo, to ripsaw.artillero m (min)(Es), blaster, powderman. -----metales, to hacksaw.artisela/, rayon. aserrín m, sawdust.as (m) de guía, bowline knot. aserrío m (C )(M ), sawmill.asa /, handle, haft, bail; (M ) thimble. aserruchar, to saw.— de cubo, bail (bucket), asesor m, consultant; (ins) adjustor. asbestiforme (miner), asbestiform. -----de averías, average or insurance adjuster.a sb estin a /(p in t), Asbestine (trademark), -----legal, counsel.asbestino, made of asbestos, asbestine, ------ técnico, technical adviser. asbesto m, asbestos. asfaltador m, asphalt paver,----- acolchonado, (ini) asbestos blanket. asfaltaje m, asphalting. ■----de corcho, mountain cork. asfaltaT, to asphalt,----- en cartón, asbestos board. asfalteno (M ), asphaltene. asbesto-cambray barnizado (ais), asbestos-var­ asfáltico, asphaltic, nished cambric. asfaltifero, containing asphalt, ascensión recta, right ascension, asfaltina/, asphaltene. ascenso m, rise; promotion. asfaltita / (pet), asphaltite.----- muerto (an), dead rise. asfalto m, asphalt. ascensor m, elevator. ------adelgazado (M ), asphalt cutback. -----de acera, sidewalk elevator. -----artificial, artificial or oil asphalt. ----- de carga, freight elevator. -----cortado, asphalt cutback. ---- - de tambor, drum-type elevator. -----de alta penetración (ca), high-penetration -----de tracción, traction-type elevator. asphalt. ----- hidráulico, plunger elevator. -----de cura rápida, rapid-curing asphalt. ----- sin engranaje, gearless elevator. -----de curado lento, slow-curing asphalt. ascensorista m / , elevator operator. -----de petróleo, petroleum asphalt. ascua / , anything incandescent or red-hot. -----de roca, rock asphalt. asegurado m, the assured. -----diluido, cutback asphalt. asegurador m, fastener, anchor; insurer. -----fluxado (ca) (M ), flux asphalt. aseguradores contra incendios, fire underwriters. -----insuflado, blown asphalt. asegurar, to fasten; to insure. -----lacustre, lake asphalt. asentable (hid), settleable. -----mineral, rock asphalt. asentado m (auto)(A), running in. -----natural, native asphalt. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 47. asfalto 34 ataludai----- plástico, asphalt putty . -----de polvo, vacuum cleaner, dust exhauster.-----rebajado (ca), flux asphalt, asphalt cutback. aspirar, to suck, draw in.-----rebajado de curación mediana, medium-cur­ asquistico (geol), aschistic. ing cutback. asta/, pole; (t) handle, shank; (mas) header.-----refinado al aire, air-blown asphalt. • de canto (lad), bull header. ---------refinado al vapor, steam-blown asphalt. ----- de suspensores (cv), carrier horn.■ rellenado, filled asphalt, asphalt enamel, — -----, muro de, wall 1 brick thick.asidero to, handle. ----- y media, muro de, wall 1 % bricks thick.asiento ra, (str) beajing, seat; (conc) slump; set­ astaticidad/ , astaticism. tlement (foundation); (hyd) settlement, astático (eléc), astatic, settling; site; (act) entry; (A) saddle of a astatizar, to astatize. lathe. astiai ra (Es), side wall of á sewer; (min) side wall----- del aguilón (gr), boom-seat casting. of a gallery,-----de los aguilones (cn), boom or mast table. astil ra, shank, handle; beam of a scale,-----de cola (auto), rumble seat. astilla/, chip, splinter; spall.-----de deslizamiento (m aq), sliding bearing. ----- de cantera, quarry spall.------ de expansion (pte), roller or expansion bear­ ----- de laminación (met), spill, lap. ing. -— muerta (an), dead rise,— ■de montaje (est), erection seat. astillar, to splinter, (pi) broom; astillarse, to-----de puente, bridge seat. spall; to splinter, (pi) broom,-----de recambio (vá), renewable seat. astillero ra, shipyard, dockyard, naval station;-----de zaga (auto), rumble seat. rack for pipe or bars.-----longitudinal (cn), trim. ----- de torre (pet), finger board.-----mineral, mining region. astilloso, splintery, easily chipped; (met) spilly.-----postizo (vá), renewable seat, valve insert. astràgalo m (arq), astragal,asignación/, salary; appropriation. astronòmico, astronomic, astronomical,asimetría / , asymmetry. asurcar, to furrow.asimétrico, asymmetrical, unsymmetrical. atabe ra (pb)(Es), cleanout opening; vent.asincrónico, asincrono (eléc), asynchronous. atabladera /, drag, road planer.asincronismo ra, asynchronism. atablar, to screed, smooth off.asintonizar (ra), to detune. atacadera / (voi), bulling bar, tamping stick.asíntota:/ (mat), asymptote. ----- de bloque, tamping block.asiütótico, asymptotic. ----- de barro (min)(tún), bull, clay iron, clayingasismicidad/ , aseismicity. bar.asísmico, aseismic. atacador m, tamping stick or bar.asistente, assistant, helper. atacamita / , atacamite (copper ore),asnado m, mine timber. atacar (voi), to tamp, ram, stem,asnas / , rafters. atado ra, a bundle.asnilla / , strut, shore; (bldg) (Sp) needle, atador (ra) de troncos (ef), load binder, stretcherasnillo ra, carpenter’s horse; shore, jack.asociación /, association, company, union. atadora (/) de listones, lath binder.-----de fabricantes, manufacturers’ association. atadura /, tie, fastening.-----obrera, labor union. ataguía / , (hyd) cofferdam ; (mech) guides.-----patronal, employers’ association. -----celular, cellular (sheet-pile) cofferdam.— profesional obrera (C h), trade-union. -----de cajón, open caisson.asomo ra (geol), outcrop, inlier. -----de cofre, crib cofferdam.asotonar, to dig a cellar. -----de encofrado y relleno, puddle-wall coffer­aspa/y vane, wing, flight; (mx) blade; (min) in­ dam. tersection of two veins, ----- de tablestacado simple, single-wall sheet-pileaspas, X bracing. cofferdam.aspereza/, roughness; (conc) harshness, • encajonada, box cofferdam, open caisson. ---- áspero, rough ; (conc); harsh, -----metálica (M ), cofferdam of steel sheet piling.asperón ra, grindstone; flagstone, stone slab; ataguiar, to cofferdam. sandstone. atajadero ra (hid), small gate; (irr) division gate;— de diamante, diamond wheel, diversion dam.asperonar (M ), to grind (tools), atajadizo ra, baffle wall,asperosidad / ( M ) , roughness, atajador ra (mec), arrester.aspersor m, sprinkler, -----de golpe de ariete, water-hammer suppres­aspillera /, opening in a wall, sor.aspiración/, suction, draft. atajar, to obstruct; to dike.-----de polvo, dust exhaust. atajo m, dike; (A) cofferdam; (M ) cutoff wall;—- mecánica, forced draft. trail, path; barrier,-----normal, natural draft. atalajar, to haul; to couple; to harness, hitch up.aspirador m, suction pipe; draft tube; exhauster; atalaje ra, harness; coupling; hitching up. aspirator. ataludadora / (ca), backsloper, sloper blade,-----de aserrín, sawdust collector. ataludar, ataluzar, to slope; to batter. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 48. atanor 35 augitaatanorm, draintile . atmómetro m, atmometer.atapialar (Ec), to build mud walls, atmósfera / , atmosphere.ataque m, tamping of powder; (Pe) breaking -----tipo, standard atmosphere. ground. atmosférica / (ra)(M ), static, atmospherics,ataques (min), deads, rubbish, atmosférico, atmospheric,atar, to tie, bind, lash, atoaje m, towing, towage; a tow.atarazana / , shipyard. atoar, to tow.atarjea / , drainpipe, small culvert; (M ) small atolladero ra, bog; (machy) pocket, dead end. sewer; (Pe) reservoir. atollar, atollarse, to stick, clog, jam.-----doméstica, house connection to a sewer.atarquinamiento m, silting up, covering with atómico, atomic, mud. atomizador m, atomizer.atarquinarse, to silt up. -----de pintura, paint sprayer.atarrajar, to thread, tap. atomizar, to atomize,atarugar, to plug; to wedge, átomo m, atom,atascadero m, mudhole, bog. átomo-gramo, gram-atom.atascado (cab), foul, atorarse, to jam, stick,atascamiento (m) de hielo, ice jam. atornillador m, screwdriver.atascar, to stop ;up, obstruct; (bl) (A) to tamp -----de empuje, automatic or spiral screwdriver. powder; atascarse, to stick, jam ; to bog atornilladora (/) de tuercas, nut runner or down; (eng) to stall, tightener,atasco ra, jamming, sticking, atornillar, to screw; (C) to boltataujía / (A C ), conduit, drain, atoro m, obstruction, jam.ateje m, a hardwood of the West Indies, atracadero m, wharf, landing place, berth; ferryatejo m (Col), bundle, slip.atemperador m (aa), attemperator. ----- paralelo, marginal wharf. atemperar (aa), to temper; to condition, atracar (náut), to berth, dock, bring alongside, atenuación / (eléc), attenuation, atrapador m, trap; (ra) catcher. atenuador m (eléc), attenuator, pad; (ra)(A) -----de agua, steam trap. fader, -----de mandíbulas, alligator grab. atérmico, athermic. -----de ondas (ra)(A), wave trap. aterrajado córneo, taper thread, -----de polvo, dust collector. aterrajar, to thread, tap; (fdy) to strickle, atrapadora (/) de arena (pet), sand trap, aterraje m (ap)(A ), landing, atrapanúcleos ra (pet), core catcher, aterrar, to fill with earth; to demolish; aterrarse, atrapar, to trap. to silt up. atraparripio m (peti), junk catcher, aterrizaje m (ap), landing. atraque m, landing place, wharf; mooring, ----- a ciegas, blind or instrument landing. atrasarse, (elec) to lag; (rr) to be late, ----- a favor del viento, down-wind landing. atraso m (eléc), lag. ■ ■aplastado, pancake landing. — ----- de imanación, magnetic lag. ----- con velocidad crítica, stall landing. -----histerético, hysteresis lag. ----- de precisión, spot or precision landing; ac­ atravesado m, (m as)(M ) header, bondstone; a curacy landing. crosswise. ----- en tres puntos, three-point landing. atravesaño ra, header, cap, crosspiece; (bdg) ----- planeado, glide landing. floor beam; (C) crosstie. aterronarse, to become lumpy, to cake, atravesar, to cross, pass through; to place cross­ atesador m, stiffener; take-up tackle. wise; (tv) to traverse, ------ de correa, belt tightener. atravieso m (top)(C h), gap, pass, atesar, to tighten; to stiffen, atrecho ra (PR ), trail, path, atibar, (min) to pack, fill u p ; (Col) to load, stow, atril ra (lab), rack, atices m (min)(Col), lagging, spilling, atronadura / (mad), check, atierre ra, filling with earth; silting up; (min) audibilidad / (ra), audibility, slide of waste material, audible, audible. atierres (min), deads, audífono ra, headphone, earphone, atiesacadena m, chain tightener, audio a (ra), audio. atiesador m, stiffener; take-up tackle. audioamplificador m (ra), audio or audiofre­ — de apoyo, (gi) bearing stiffener. quency amplifier, ----- de mamparo (cn), bulkhead stiffener. audiofrecuencia / (ra), audiofrequency, -----extremo, (gi) end stiffener. audiómetro m, audiometer, atiesar, to tighten; to stiffen, audión (ra), audion. atirantar, to guy, stay; to truss, audiooscilador m (ra), audio or audiofrequency atizador ra, poker, slice or clinker or slash bar oscillator, fire hook; stoker, audioseñal / (ra), audio signal, atizar, to trim a fire. auditor ra (M ), auditor, atizonar, to bond with headers; to embed in a auditoría / (M ), auditing, wall. augita / (miner), augite, pyroxene. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 49. augita 36 autopropulsor augita-pórfido (geol), augitophyre, augite-por- autodinar (ra), to autodyne, phyry . . autodino a (ra), autodyne, aullido m (ra), howl. autoelevador, self-raising, ----- de borde, fringe howl. autoencendido m, self-ignition, aumentador m, aumentadora / , booster; in- autoendurecedor, self-hardening, creaser; augmenter; magnifier. autoengrasador, self-lubricating, ----- de presión, pressure booster. autoenrasillante (ed), self-furring, -----de velocidad, speed increaser. autoequilibrador (elèe), self-balancing, -----de salto (hid), fall increaser. autoestable, independently stable, self-support­ aureola / (geol), contact zone, aureole, ing. auricular m (tel), earpiece; a aural. autoestibante (náut), self-stowing, ----- de mano (ra), hand receiver. autoestrada/ (A )(M )(E s), automobile road, auriculares (ra), headphone. autoexcitación / (elèe), self-excitation, aurífero, gold-bearing. autoferro m (U), automobile on a railroad track, austemplado m (met), austempering. autoffltrador, self-filtering (lens), austenita/ (met), austenite. autofocador, autofocusing, self-focusing, austenitico, austenitic. autofundente, self-fluxing, austral, southern, austral. autogenerador, self-generative, ausfi m (P R ), a construction lumber. autogenético, autogenésico, (geol) autogenetic. ausuba/, ausubo m (PR) (R D ), a hardwood. autogenizador m (sol), autogenizer. autigénico (geol), authigenic. autògeno (sol), autogenous, autoabridor, self-opening. autogiro m (ap), autogiro, autogyro, autoactuador, self-acting. autógrafo m (inst), autograph, autoaeración/ , self-aeration. autoheterodino (ra), autoheterodyne, autoafilador, self-sharpening. autoignición / , self-ignition; spontaneous com­ autoaguzador, self-sharpening. bustion, autoajustador, self-adjusting. autoigualador, self-equalizing, autoalargador, self-lengthening. autoimpedancia/ (elèe), self-impedance, autoalimentador, self-feèdmg. autoimpulsor m (auto)(Es), self-starter, autoalineamiento m, self-alignment. autoindicador, self-indicating, autoamolador, self-sharpening, self-grinding. autoinducción / (elèe), self-induction,autoarrancador m, self-starter. autoinductancia / (elèe), self-inductance, coeffi­autobajador, self-lowering. cient of self-induction,autobasculante, self-tipping, self-dumping. autoinductivo, self-inductive,autobias (ra), self-bias. autoinductor m (elèe), self-inductor,autobomba / , motor fire engine. autoinflamación / , self-ignition; spontaneousautobote m, motorboat, powerboat. combustion,autobús m, motorbus. autolavador, self-scrubbing, self-washing,----- de trole, trolley coach or bus. autoligador, self-bonding,autocalafateador, self-calking, autolimpiador, self-cleaning,autocalibrador, self-calibrating, autolubricación / , self-oiling,autocamion m, motor truck, autotruck, autolubricador a, self-oiling,autocapacidad/ (elèe), self-capacitance, automático, automatic.autocarenaje m, self-docking, automezclador m (conc), truck or transit mixer,autocargador, self-loading. automotor m, (rr) motorcar; (A) motor vehicle;autocarril m, automobile on a railroad track; a self-moving, automotive, (rr)(Ec) motorcar, automóvil m, automobile.autocartógrafo m (fma), autocartograph. ----- de plaza (A), taxicab.autocatalitico (pet), autocatalytic. ----- de via, automobile on a railroad track.autocebadura / , self-priming, automovilario a, automotive, automobile,autocentrador, self-centering, automultiplicador, self-energizing (brake),autocerrador, self-locking, autonafta / , motor spirit,autoclàstico (geol), autoclastic. autonivelador ra (ca), motor grader,autoclave/, autoclave; retort, autoómnibus r«, motorbus.autocoagulación / , self-coalescence, autooscilación / (ra), self-oscillation,autocohesor m (ra), autocoherer, autooscilador m (ra), self-oscillator,autocolimación/ (fma), autocollimation. autooxidación / (quim), autooxidation,autocompensador, self-compensating, autopatrol m (ca )(A )(V ), motor patrol,autocoñducción / (elèe), autoconduction, autopatrullera/ (ca), motor patrol,autocontrolado, self-excited (oscillator), autopista/ ( A ) , automobile road,autoconvertidor tn (elèe), autoconverter, autopolarización/(ra)(A), self-bias,autóctono (geol), autochthonous, autoportante (A), self-supporting,autodepuración/(r), self-purification, autopositivo (fma), Autopositive (trademark),autodesplazable, self-moving, autopotencial m (geof), self-potential,autodina/(ra), autodyne, autoprensor m, clamshell bucket,autodinàmico, autodynamic. autopropulsor, self-moving, automotive. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 50. autoprotector 37 ázoeautoprotector, self-protecting, avenar, to drain,autopurificación / , self-purification, avenida / , flood; avenue,autorrecocido m, self-annealing, aventador m, blower, fan.autorrectificador (ra), self-rectifying, ■ -----de arena, sandblast outfit.autorreductor, self-reducing, avería / , damage, breakdown; a damaged article,autorregadora / , street-sprinkling truck, a second; (ins) average.autorregistrador, self-recording, ----- gruesa, general or gross average.autorregulador, self-regulating, -----particular o simple, common or particularautorroscante, self-tapping (screw) . average,autorrotativo, self-rotating, averiar, to damage.autosellador, self-sealing, aviar, to equip, fit out; to finance, advanceautosifonaje m, self-siphoning, money to.autosostenido, self-supported, avión m. airplane.autotanque m (Es), tank truck, ----- marino, seaplane, hydroplane, flying boat.autotécnica / , automotive engineering, ----- terrestre, landplane.autotécnico to, automotive engineer, avíos m, tools, equipment, outfit,autotrabador, self-locking. avisador m, indicator; warning sign; alarm; (ra)autotransformador to (eléc), autotransformer, (Sp) monitor. balancing coil, -----de bajo nivel (cal), alarm gage.autotransporte m, motor transport, -----de incendio, fire alarm.autotrófico (dac), autotrophic. aviso m, advertisement; notice; advice.autovehiculo m (A), motor vehicle, —— de embarque, shipping notice.autoventilador, self-ventilating, avivador m (Es), rabbeting plane; molding plane.autovía/, automobile highway; to (A), gasoline- axial, axil, axial. driven handcar, áxico (Es), axial.autovolcante, self-tipping, self-dumping, a xin ita/ (miner), axinite.autozorra / (A ), handcar with power, . axonométrico (dib), axonometric.auxiliar, n helper, assistant, auxiliary: a aux­ ayacahuite m, a Mexican pine. iliary. ayudante, helper, assistant.auxiliares to (tub), specials, fittings, ayui m, an Argentine wood (semiliard). avalancha/, avalanche; (A) flood, ayunque to (M ), anvil.avaliz m (A), beacon, ayustadera/, marlinespike.avalorar, to appraise, ayustador m, splicer.avaluador m, appraiser, ayustadora / , cable-splicing rig.avaluar, to appraise; to evaluate, ayustar (Cab), to splice.avalúo m, appraisal, valuation, ayuste m, splice. avance to, (mech) feed, advance; (tun) heading; ----- corto, short or tuck splice. (rr) lead, frog distance; (se) lead, lap; -----de cuatro inserciones, four-tuck splice. (elec) lead, pitch. ----- de maderero, logging splice. ----- a mano (mee), hand feed. ----- de ojal, eye or loop or thimble splice. — angular (eléc), angular pitch. -----largo, long or endless splice. -----con frente entero (tún), full-face tunneling. azada / , spade; h oe; (C) adz. ----- de la admisión (mv), admission lead. ----- para cunetas, drain spade. -----del encendido (mg), advancing the ignition. —— para hoyos, post spade. ----- del escape (m v), exhaust or inside lead. ----- para zanjas, ditch spade. ----- de fase (eléc), phase lead or displacement. azadón to, (t) hoe, grub hoe, spud; (ce) trench ----- de trabajo (fc), practical lead. hoe, backdigger. ----- por fricción (mh), friction feed. -----de pala, scuffle or weeding hoe. •-----por gravedad, gravity feed. -----mecánico (ec), trench hoe, backdigger. ----- práctico (fc), practical lead. ----- para arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. -----teórico (fc), theoretical lead. azadonar, azadonear, to spade. -----y banco (tún), heading and bench. azafrán m (cn), rudder frame. avantrén m, front truck of any piece of rolling azanca / (min) (Es), subterranean spring. stock, forecarriage, azarbe m, irrigation ditch (return). avanzada (/) de onda (eléc), wave front, azarbeta / , subsidiary irrigation ditch. avanzador to, feeder. azarcón m, red lead. avanzar, to advance; (mech) to feed; (tun) to azimut to, azimuth. drive. -----asumido, assumed azimuth. ----- la chispa (auto), to advance the spark. ----- de cuadrícula (fma), grid azimuth. avejigar, to blister. ----- terrestre (fma), ground azimuth. avellanado y cincelado (re), countersunk and -----verdadero, true azimuth. chipped. azimutal, azimuthal, avellanador to, countersinking bit. azoato to, nitrate. avellanar, to countersink. azocalar (Ch), to build (a wall) with heavy base avellano to (A ), a softwood. or water table, avenamiento m, drainage, draining, subdrainage. ázoe to, nitrogen. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 51. azogar 38 balanceazogar, to slake (lime) . bacilo m, bacillus.azogue m, quicksilver, mercury; (M) silver ore. -----coli, colon bacillus, BacMus coli.azoguería /, amalgamation works. bacteriano, bacterial,azoico, (geol) azoic; (chem) nitric. bacterias/, bacteria.azoladora/ (fe), adzing machine. ----- autotróficas, autotrophic bacteria.azolar, to adz; to dub. ----- coliformes, coliform bacteria.azolvarse, to silt up; to become obstructed. ----- nitrificantes, nitrifying bacteria.azolve m, silt. bactericida / , bactericide,azolvos m, silt; obstructions, bacteriófago m (is), bacteriophage,azotea / , roof, flat roof, (bldg) terrace, bacteriología/, bacteriology,azotico, nitric, bacteriólogo m, bacteriologist,azúcar m / , sugar. bacteriostático, bacteriostatic,-----amarilla, brown sugar. báculo m (M ), transit rod, range pole,-— aprovechable, available sugar. bachadora / (M ), road-patching machine,-----bianco, white or refined sugar. bache m, rut; mudhole; pothole; (C) sump,----- concreto, concrete sugar. bacheado (m) en frío (ca), cold patch,-----crudo, raw sugar. bachear, to patch a road,----- de alta polarización, high-test sugar. bacheo m (ca), patching, filling ruts,•----de caña, cane sugar. - badén m, gutter; gully; (A) paved ford,— de centrífuga, centrifugal sugar. badilejo m, bricklayer’s trowel,-----invertido, invert sugar. bagacillo m (az), trash, fine-cut bagasse,-----mascabada o morena o terciada, brown sugar. bagazo m, bagasse; (min) mud from drill hole,----- reductor, reducing or invert sugar. bahareque m, wall of cane plastered with mud■ refino, refined or white sugar. ---- and chopped straw,-----turbinado (C), centrifugal sugar. bahía / , bay, harbor, azucarero m, sugar-mill worker, sugarhouse fore­ bahorrina / (dac)(M ), sludge, man; sugar technologist, bailar (auto) (A ), to shimmy, azuchar, to shoe piles, bailoteo m (auto), shimmy, azuche in, pile shoe, b aja/, fall, drop; discharge (employee). azud / , diversion dam, weir. ----- definición (tv ), low definition.-----de encofrado, crib dam. ----- frecuencia, low frequency.-----para peces, fish weir. ----- ley, low grade (ore). azuela/, adz. bajada/, descent, slope, downgrade; downspout;-----curva, spout adz. (p) riser; (min) ladderway.-----de cotillo completo, full-head adz. •-----de antena (ra), leadin, down-lead.— de espiga o de ribera, spur-head or ship car­ ■ de inmundicias (pb), waste stack; soil stack. ----- penter’s adz. ----- pluvial (ed), leader, downspout. -----de medio cotillo, half-head adz. bajamar /, low tide (sometimes used to mean -----ferrocarrilera, railroad adz. ebb). azufre m, sulphur, ----- más baja, lowest low tide. azufroso, sulphurous, ----- media, mean low tide. azul m a, blue. ------ media más baja, mean lower low water.----- de bromoclorofenol (lab), bromochlorophe- bajante m, low water; leader, downspout; (p) nol blue. stack; standpipe. -----de bromofenol (lab), bromophenol blue. ----- de aguas de lluvia, leader, downspout. -----de bromotimol (dac), bromothymol blue. de aguas negras, soil stack. -----de metileno (dac), methylene blue. de aguas servidas, waste stack. -----de Prusia (dib), Prussian blue. de ventilación, vent stack. -----de timol (dac), thym ol blue. bajar, to lower; to descend; to drop, fall, azulado por recocción, blue-annealed, bajareque, see bahareque. azulejar, to set glazed wall tiles, bajial m, low ground subject to overflowing, azulejeria /, glazed tiling, bajío m, sand bar, shoal; lowland, azulejero m, tilemaker; tile setter (wall), bajo m, sand bar, shoal; (m in)(M ) footwall, azulejo m, glazed tile; (A) wall tile. floor; a low; adv below; pr under. -----antisonoro, acoustical tile. ----- calor de endurecimiento (ct), low heat of azumagarse, (Ch) to rust; (lbr)(Ec) to decay, hardening. azurita/, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite, ----- octanaje, de, low-octane (rating). azutero m, custodian of a diversion dam or irri­ bajos m, ground floor, gation intake. bajomando m (auto), underdrive, bajura / (P R ), lowland, bakelita/, bakelite. bala/, ball; bale.babazas / , slime (water mains), balance m, balance; (act) balance sheet.babeta/ (to)(A ), flashing, ----- calórico, heat balance.babor m (náut), port, larboard, ■ de comprobación (cont), trial balance. ----bacilar, bacillary. ----- del oxígeno (dac), oxygen balance. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 52. balance 39 banco■ ----la sacarosa (az), sucrose balance- de . -----grampa (A ), clamshell or grab bucket.----- de saldos (cont), trial balance. -----volcador o de volteo, dump or contractor’sbalanceador (m) armónico (auto), harmonic bal­ bucket, ancer. baldeadora/, fiusher.balancear, (mech)(elec) (act) to balance; balan­ baldear, to bail out; to wash, flush, cearse, to rock, roll, wobble, baldeo m, bailing; washing, flushing,balanceo m, balancing; oscillation, rocking, baldío m, uncultivated land; public land, swinging; (naut) rolling, baldosa /, floor tile, paving tile.balancín m, working beam, balance beam; bas­ -----de techar (A), roof tile. cule; handle; rocker arm; beam of a scale; — de vidriado mate, matt-glazed or dull-glazed whiffletree; spreader; pump jack; (A) tile. swinging scaffold; (A) eccentric-arbor -----gres, clay floor tile. press. baldosado m, tile paving,----- compensador, equalizing beam. baldosar, to lay floor tiles,----- de bomba, pump brake. baldosín m, floor tile.----- del freno, brake beam. -----de ladrillo (Col), a brick 20 x 20 x 4 cm.-----de tiempo (m g)(A), timing lever. balero m (M ), ball bearing.-----tiracable (pet), spudder arm. -----de rodillos, roller bearing.balancines de la brújula (en), gimbals, balicerO m (lev)(M ), rodman.balancinero m (A), operator of an eccentric- balinero m, ball race; ball bearing, arbor press, balines m, small balls (bearing); shot,balandra/, small sailing vessel; (A) scow, balita / (F), measure of about 0.69 acre,balanza/, scale, balance; (min) blind shaft. baliza/, buoy; survey pole; marker, beacon.----- analítica (lab), analytical balance. -----a farola (A), light bcacon.----- de humedad (ms), moisture scale. -----de acercamiento (ap), approach beacon.----- de inducción (elóe), induction balance, -----delimitadora (ap), boundary marker.----- de plataforma, platform scale. -----fija, beacon, range marker.-----de precisión, analytical balance. -----luminosa, gas buoy; light beacon.----- de resorte o de tensión, spring balance. balizador m, buoy tender.-----de torsión, torsion balance. balizaje m, buoying; system of beacons; beaconage,balanza-balde m, weighing bucket, balizar, to buoy; to mark with beacons,balanza-tolva / , weigh hopper, balón m, (lab) balloon; balloon tire,balao m, a Philippine lumber, balsa / , pool, pond; raft; balsa, corkwood; (A) balastaje m, ballasting, ferryboat; (V) flatboat; (min) hangingbalastar, to ballast, scaffold used in shaft timbering. balastera /, ballast pit. -----de clasificación (ef), sorting jack. balasto m, ballast; road metal; (U) conglomerate -----salvavidas, life raft. used for road building, balsada/, raft load, boatload, balastrar (M ), to ballast. balsadera/, ferry, balata /, balata (also used for various gum-yield­ balsaje m, rafting; ferrying, ing trees and sometimes used to mean bálsamo m (Es)(V), (lbr) balsam. rubber); (V) a hardwood; (M) brake lin­ -----del Canadá, Canada balsam. ing. balsear, to raft; to ferry, balate m, terrace; border of a trench, balseo m, rafting; (Ch) ferry, balaustrada /, balustrade. balserp m, ferryman, balaústre m, baluster; (Ec) bricklayer’s trowel, balsón m (M ), backwater, pool, balcón m, balcony; (M )(Pe) sidehill cut; (Ch) ballesta / , laminated spring. car platform; (pet) derrick platform, ----- de arco o de media pinza, semielliptical balconcillo m (pet), monkey board, derrick plat­ spring. form. -----de cayado, three-quarter elliptical spring. balconería / , balcony construction; balcony -----doble, elliptical spring. material. bambolear, to sway, wobble, (auto) shimmy, halconero m (M ), erector of iron balconies, bamboleo m, sway, swinging, wobbling, (auto) baldada / , bucketful, shimmy, balde m, bucket, pail. bambú m, bamboo, ----- arrastrador (A ), drag scraper. b a n ca /, bench; banking; brokerage, ----- basculante, dump or contractor’s bucket. b a n ca d a/, bench; (machy) bedframe, solepiece, ----- cargador (m z)(A), skip loader. bed (lathe); (machy)(A) bearing; (min) ----- de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper. stope. ----- de ascensor (B), elevator bucket. bancal m, berm, bench, terrace; sandbank, ----- de extracción, mine bucket. bancarrota / , bankruptcy, ----- de hormigón (A), concrete bucket. bancaza/, bedplate; heavy bench. -----de maniobra (ec), rehandling bucket. -----del torno, lathe bed. — - de pozo (exc), shaft bucket. banco m, (fin) bank; (geol) stratum; (carp) -----de transportadora (A), conveyor bucket. bench; (cons)(M ) bent; (r) sand bar; level ----- excavador (A), digging bucket. ground. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 53. banco 40 barco----- aserradbr, saw table . banquear, to level; to bench; (Col)(V) to exca­----- barrera, barrier beach. vate; (pmy) to bank (airplane),-----de arena, sandbank, sand bar. banqueo to, leveling, grading, benching; a bench;-----de balasto (fc), ballast pit. (pmy) banking; (Col)(V) excavation.-----del camino (Ec), roadbed. -----de préstamo (ot)(V ), borrow pit. de coral, coral reef. banqueta/, berm; sidewalk; haunch, shoulder of a road; banquette, de cota fija (lev), bench mark. banquilla (/) de aserrar (M ), sawbuck.• de desperdicio (o t)(M ), spoil bank. — banquillo to (to), cricket, cant, saddle,-----de doblar (ref), bending table, fabricating banquina/, berm, shoulder; (A) wall footing, bench. b an qu isa/ (A), pack ice.-----de emisión, bank of issue. banquito m (A), rail clip, de estirar, drawbench. bailadera/, bathtub. de grava, gravel bank. baSado to (A) (U ), marsh, wet land. de hielo, ice floe. ----- de asfalto, asphalt-dipped, asphalt-coated.-----de interruptores (eléc) (PR.), switchyard. ----- de cinc, zinc-coated.-----de liquidación, clearinghouse. ----- en caliente, hot-dipped. — de nivel (lev), bench mark. ----- en estaño, tin-dipped. — de pruebas, test stand, testing bench. bañar (pint), to dip. — de sierra, saw table. bañera/, bathtub.-— de soldar, welding slab or table. baño to, bath; bathtub; bathroom; coating-----de taller o de trabajo, workbench. (paint, etc.).■-----hipotecario, mortgage bank. ----- congelador, freezing bath.banda / , belt, band; (CA) window sash; iron ----- de aceite, oil bath. tire; (M ) belt course; side of a ship; (cr) ----- de ducha o de lluvia o de regadera, shower track. bath.-----cruzada, crossed belt. — de inversión (fma), reversing bath.-----de cadena (M ), chain belt. ----- endurecedor (fma), hardening bath.----- de cuero, leather belt. ----- fijador (fma), fixing bath.-----del embrague, clutch band. -----Maria (lab), water bath, double boiler.-----de esteras o de oruga, crawler belt. • para tubos, pipe dip. —-----de freno, brake band. bao m (an), beam, cross timber, deck beam.-----de guardia (ra), guard band. -----de bodega, hold beam.-----de hule, rubber belt. ----- de horquilla, fork beam.-----de rio, riverbank. ----- del peto de popa, transom beam.■ - de rodamiento, tread band (tire); (cr) track. — ----- maestro, midship or main beam.----- de sintonización (ra), tuning band. ----- sesgado, cant beam.----- de transmisión, driving or transmission belt. baos de los ráceles, panting beams, -----de transmisión libre (ra), pass or filter- baquelita/, bakelite. transmission band. baquelizar, to bakelize.-----del ventilador (auto), fan belt. baqueta / (vol)(Es), tamping stick,-----eslabonada (M ), endless belt. b a ra /, bar (unit of pressure),-----lateral inferior (ra), lower side band. baranda / , barandado to, barandaje to, barandal----- lateral superior (ra), upper side band. to, railing, handrail, balustrade, banister,-----maciza (E s), solid tire. barandilla/, railing; sideboard of a wagon; (PR)-----portadora (eléc), carrier band. stake of a flat truck.----- transportadora, belt conveyor. ----- de resguardo, highway guardrail. -----V, V belt. barba (/) de taladro, burr (steel), fin. bandaje m, tire (rubber or iron); rim. barbacana / , narrow opening in a wall; weep -----del inducido (eléc), armature band. hole; (hyd)(A ) gate opening, ■ macizo, solid tire, — barbeta / , lashing; (cab) seizing, serving; (naut) bandarria, see mandarria, gasket, stop, bandeador to (C), tap wrench, barbetar (cab), to serve, seize, bandear, to sway, weave, oscillate; (Ch) to per­ barbilla / (carp), beveled end of a timber for forate, framing; tenon, bandeja / , tray. barbotaje to, barboteo m (lu), splash, -----cogegotas, drip pan. b a rca /, boat, barge. -----de burbujeo (pet), bubble tray. ----- carbonera, coal barge. -----de resudación (pet), sweating pan. ----- chata, flatboat, scow. bandeo m, sway, weaving, ----- de grúa, derrick barge. b andera/, (rr)(surv) flag, ----- tanque, tank barge. banderero m (M ), flagman, b arcada/, bargeload, boatload, banderín m, signal flag. barcaza / , lighter, barge, flatboat. b an d erola /, (rr) switch target; (bldg)(A) tran­ ----- alijadora, lighter. som ; (surv) flag. ■-----perforadora, drilling barge. -----a balancín (A ), pivoted transom. barco to, vessel, boat, barge. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 54. barco 41 barra----- costero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel . -----cuello-de-ganso (herr), gooseneck bar, wreck­----- de carga, cargo boat, freighter. ing bar.■— de transbordo, ferryboat. -----de alinear (fc), lining bar. ■ petrolero, oil tanker. ---- -----de arco (met), arch bar. .barco-puerta/, caisson of a graving clock, caisson -----de argolla (ost), eyebar, loop rod. gate. -----de argüe, capstan bar.baricéntrico, barycentric. -----de asiento (compuerta), seat bar. -----de atalaje, drawbar.baricentro ro, barycenter. -----de brida (fc), splice bar, angle bar, fishplate.bario m (quím), barium, -----de celosía (est), lattice bar; web member.barita/, baryta, ■ •de conexión, (eng) connecting rod, pitman; —baritel m , windlass. (elec) connection bar.baritina / (miner), barite, barytes, barytine. ■ - de contratensión (pu?), counterbrace, coun­ —barjuleta / , tool bag. terdiagonal.barlovento m, windward, -----de corredera, (se) valve stem.barniz m, varnish. -----de corto circuito (eléc), shorting bar. ■ aislador, electric or insulating varnish. ---- — Lde cremallera, rack bar.----- al aceite o al óleo, oil varnish. -----de cuña (met), wedge bar.■ craso o graso, oil varnish. ---- -----de chucho (fc), bridle or switch or head rod, ■ de alcohol, spirit varnish. ---- -----de distribución (eléc) (C), bus bar.•-----de alto aceite, long-oil varnish. — de emergencia (ft), panic bar. de aparejo o de apresto, sizing. -----de emparrillado (cal), grate bar.■ de bajo aceite, short-oil varnish. ---- -----de empedrador, paving bar.----- de inmersión, dipping varnish. -----de enclavamiento (fc), detector bar.----- de intemperie, spar varnish. de enganche, drawbar.----- de laca, shellac. de enrejado (est), lattice bar.-----de rociar, spraying varnish. de entibar (re), dolly bar.■—— exterior o marino, spar or exterior varnish. — ■de estancamiento (compuerta), seal bar.■ japonés, japan drier; japan varnish. ---- -----de guarnición, curb bar; corner bead. mate, flat varnish. ------ del inducido (eléc), armature bar.----- para secado al horno, baking varnish. ■ de mina (min), hand drill. ---- secante, drier. de ojo (est), eyebar.barnizador m, varnisher. de orejas (ref), lug bar.barnizar, to varnish. ----- de parachoques (auto), buffer bar.barodinámica / , barodynamics. -----de parrilla (cal), grate bar; clinker bar.barodinámico, barodynamic. • de percusión (pet), sinker bar. ----barógrafo m, barograph, recording barometer. ■ de recalcar, swage bar (saw). ——barograma m, barogram. -----de remolque, towing bar.barométrico, barometric. -----de río, shoal, bar.barómetro m, barometer. -----de rosea, threaded rod. altimétrico, altitude barometer. -----de suspensión, hanger. aneroide, aneroid barometer. de taras (báscula), tare bar.----- de mercurio, mercurial barometer. ■ del tejido (V), (tu) web member. --------- registrador, recording barometer. de tiro o de tracción, drawbar.barometrógrafo m, barometrograph, barograph, -----de torsión (auto), torque arm.baroscopio m, baroscope, — de trabazón o de unión (ref), bond barbarotermógrafo m, barothermograph. dowel.barotermómetro m, barothermograph. ■ de uña, claw bar, nail puller. ----barquear, to transport by boat, to ferry, de ventana, muntin, window bar.barquero m, boatman, ferryman, lighterman, -----deformada (ref), deformed bar.barquín m, bellows. -----desviadora (fc), deflecting bar.barra/J bar, rod; sand bar. -----en U (met), U bar.- — alimentadora, feed rod. — I (met), I bar.----- angular (fc), angle bar, splice bar. — imanada, bar magnet.----- arrugada (ref), corrugated bar. ■ indicadora (fc), detector bar. ---------atiesadora (est), sag rod. -----lisa (ref), plain or smooth bar.----- cabecero (ref), header bar. -----ómnibus (eléc), bus bar.------colectora (eléc), bus bar. -----para encintado, curb bar.----- colectora de compensación, equalizer bus. -----patrón, test bar.----- colectora de control, control bus. perforadora (pet), sinker bar.----- colectora para fallas, fault bus. plana acanalada, channel flat.----- colisa (mh)(A), swivel bar. plana bruñida, ground flat.----- comercial, merchant bar. • plana con cantos de fleje, band-edge flat --------- corrugada (ref), corrugated bar. -----punta-de-cuña, wedge-point crowbar.----- cuadrada giratoria (pet), grief stem, kelly. -----punta-de-espolón, pinch-point crowbar.-----cuadrada torcida (ref), square twisted bar. ----- punzón (vol), punch bar. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 55. barra 42 barrenos----- (auto), radius. rod radial -----de columna, column drill.-----rodadora (ca), spray bar. -----de corchos (lab), cork borer.-----sacaclavos, stripping bar, nail puller; wreck­ -----de cruz, star bit or drill. ing or claw bar. -----de cuatro alas (pet), four-wing bit.-----subtensa (lev), subtense bar. -----de diamantes, diamond drill.-----T, T bar, T iron. ----- de discos (pet), disk bit.------ taladradora, boring bar. -----de filo en cruz, star drill.-----tirante, tie rod. ----- de fricción (pet), drag bit.-----torneada (m et), turned bar. ----- de guía, center bit.-----tracto ra (fc)(m h), drawbar. -----de gusano, worm auger.-----trancanil (cn), stringer bar. ----- de limpieza (sx), cleanout auger.-----trazadora (planimetro), tracing arm. -----de mano, hand drill, jumper.-----tumbadora (fc), tumbling rod. ----- de ojo, ring auger.-----V, V bar. ----- de pecho, breast auger.-----Z, Z bar. — de perforación desviada (pet), directional —barras bit.-----de armadura, reinforcing bars. ----- de rodillos (pet), roller bit.-----de barreno, drill steel. ----- de tierra, earth auger, posthole digger, well-----de deslizamiento, guides (gate). or soil auger.-----de enlace (est) (C ), lacing bars. ----- espiral, twist drill, auger bit.-----de yunque (az), anvil bars. ----- iniciadora (pet), spudding bit.-----espaciadoras (ref), spacing bars. -----para berbiquí, brace bit.-----portavástago (pet), carrier bars. ----- para cabillas, dowel bit.-----repartidoras (ref), distributing bars, spacing ----- para hoyo de poste, posthole auger. bars. -----para macho, tap drill.barraca/, barrack, bunkhouse; warehouse, shed. -----para mortajas, slotting auger.-----de hierro (C h), hardware store. ■ para pozos, well drill. ---------de maderas (Ch), lumber shed, lumberyard. ----- picadora (sx), chopping bit. barracón m, barracks, ——piloto, pilot drill or bit. barraganete m (cn), bulwark stay, -----principiadora (pet), spudding bit. barraje m, dike, barrage, diversion dam. ----- rompepavimento, pavement breaker, bull- barraies m (C h), sideboards of a wagon, point. barramina / (E c), drill. -----sacanúcleos o sacatestigos, core drill. barranca / , cliff, bluff; gorge, ravine; (A) river ----- salomónica, twist drill; screw auger. bank; (A)(U ) downgrade. -----tubular, core drill; calyx drill. -----abajo (A), downgrade, downhill. barrenas, drill steel. -----de falla, fault scarp. barrenador m, drill runner; auger, drill. — de falla con erosión, fault-line scarp, barrenadora / , drill. barranco m, precipice, cliff; gorge, -----de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. barrancón, m, gorge, canyon, barrenar, to drill; to blast; barrenarse (tún)(M ), barrancoso (top), broken, rough, to hole through, connect up. barranquilla / (M ), gully, barrendera / (maq), sweeper., barraquero m (A), warehouseman, barrendero m, sweeper (man), barreal m, clay pit. barrenero m, drill runner, barredera / (ot) (E c), drag scraper, barrenillo m, boring insect. barredor m, sweeper (man). -----de caña, cane borer. -----de locomotora, pilot, cowcatcher. -----de muelles, wharf borer. barredora / (maq), sweeper. barrenista m, drill runner, -----de goma, squeegee. barrenita (/) de mano, gimlet, -----de tractor (ca), tractor sweeper. barreno m, drill; drill hole, borehole; (Col) drilled -----eléctrica (M ), vacuum cleaner. well. -----patnilladora (ca), patrol sweeper. -----cebado (vol) (M ), missed hole. -----remolcada, drawn road broom. ----- de alivio (min), block hole. barrena/, drill, auger, gimlet, drill bit; crowbar. ■ de enlechado, grout hole. ---- -----adamantina .(M),-adamantine drill. -----de voladura, blasting hole. -----batidora, churn drill. -----fallido (vol) (M ), missed hole. -----cola de pescado, fishtail bit. barrenos -----cortanúcleo, core bit. de alivio (tún), relief holes. -----de arrastre (pet), drag bit. • de corte (tún) (M ), cut holes. ---- -----de cable, cable or well or churn drill. — de cuele o de franqueo (min),cut holes. -----de canaleta recta, pod auger or bit. •---- de destrozo (min) (tún), breakers, breaking- - -----de canteador, stonecutter’s or plug drill. down holes. -----de caracol, twist drill, auger bit. -----de ensanche (m in)(tún), holes for enlarging -----de cateo, earth borer. shots. -----de cesto (pet), basket bit. ----- del perímetro (tún), rim holes. -----de cincel, chisel bit. ----- limitadores (vol), line holes. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 56. barrer 43 bastidoibarrer, to sweep; (di) to scavenge, barros activados (dac), activated sludge,barrera/, fence, barrier, barricade; (rr) crossing barroso, muddy, clayey, silty, gate; clay pit; (hyd) diversion dam barrote to, heavy bar; grate bar; rung; (A) door .•--- colectora (ef), bag or sack hoom. - bolt; (rr)(C) angle bar; (sb) hatch bar corrediza (fc), sliding gate. hatch batten, cortafuego, firebreak, fire stop. barrotin m, batten of a hatch; hatch bar; (rr)■— de báscula (fc), hinged and counterweighted carline; (sb) carling. crossing gate. b a r y a / (física), barye.-----de cable (ca), cable guardrail. basa / , base, pedestal,----- de cinta (ca), traffic tape. basada j (cn), launching cradle,----- de clasificación (ef), sorting boom. basal (V), basal,----- de detrito (hid)(A), drift barrier. basáltico^ basaltic,• de guardia (ca), guardrail. ---- basaltiforme, basaltiform.-----de guía (ef), sheer or fender or glancing basalto to (geol), basalt. boom. -----analcitico, analcite basalt. flotante, log boom. -----prismático, columnar basalt.----- guarda camino, traffic or road guard, high­ vitreo, basalt glass, vitrobasalt, hyalobasalt. way guardrail. basaltoide, basaltoid, basaltiform. guardacruce (fc), crossing gate. basamento m, base; pedestal; (A) footing, foun­ ■ ---------- interceptadora (ef), catch or trap boom. ---- dation. para basuras (r), drift barrier. báscula / , scale (for weighing); (rr) (Ec) crossing parahielos (r), ice screen. gate.barrero m, clay mixer; clay pit; mudhole. -----de balancín, beam scale.barreta /, crowbar; bullpoint; small bar; (min) -----de plataforma, platform scale. moil. -----de pozo, pit scale. con espolón, pinch bar. -----de via, track scale. de pinchar (A), pinch bar. -----enclavable, dormant scale.— de punta, bullpoint. báscula-puente m, weighbridge,----- de punta recalcada (vol), bulge-point driv­ báscula-tolva / (ag) (A ), weighing batcher, ing iron. báscula-vagones m, car dumper.----- de soldadura (V), welding rod. basculadorTO, dumper; rocker; (min) tippleman;-----de uña, claw bar. any tipping device.----- desquiciadora (E c), bar for loosening rock. ------ de caja (co), body rocker.----- pata-de-cabra, claw bar. -----de carros, car dumper.- —■rompedora, bit of a paving breaker, bull- bascular, to tip, tilt. point. b a s e /, basis; base (all senses); rail flange.barretas, (M) drill steel, -----compound (m h), compound rest.barretear, to bar, work with a bar. -----de aviación, air or aviation base.barretero to, miner, drill runner in a mine; man -----de comparación (lev), comparator base. who works with a bar. -----de comprobación (lev), check base.barretón to, heavy crowbar; (Col) miner’s pick, -----de cuchilla (motocaminera), blade base.barrida / (ciudad), district, ward, quarter, -----de hidroaviones, air harbor, seaplane base.barrial to, clay pit; mudhole. -----de riel (fc), base of rail.barrica/, cask, barrel, -----de rodado (A ), wheel base.barricada/, barricade, ------ de ruedas, wheel base.barrida/, sweeping; (di) scavenging, -----de la soldadura, root of weld.barrido to (tv) (ra), sweep, -----de tope (pet), landing base.barriga/, bulge, belly, -----nával, naval base.barril m, barrel; measure of about 20 gal. -----negra (ca), black base. ■ de frotación, tumbling barrel. ---- -----sanitaria (ed), sanitary base.barrilada / , capacity of a barrel, bases del concurso, bidding conditions,barrilete m, clamp; pawl, dog; keg. bases de licitación, bidding conditions, informar----- de leva, cam clamp. tion for bidders,barrilla / (min) (B), doncentrates; metallic copper basicidad/, basicity, mixed in ore. básico (quim) (geol) (m et), basic,barrio to (ciudad), district, ward, quarter; sub­ basitas (geol) (A ), basic rocks, urb. bastarda, bastard (file). barro m, mud, clay, silt; sludge; earthenware; bastidor m, frame, bedframe; chassis; (Col) win­ adobe; (pet) slush. dow sash.----- amasado, clay puddle. -----auxiliar (auto), subframe.----- cloacal (dac), sludge. -— ■de carril (tc), crawler or track frame.----- cocido, terra cotta, burnt clay. -----de puerta, door buck, doorframe.----- de barreno, drill sludge. ----- de rodaje, truck frame. -----digerido (dac), digested sludge. ----- de rodillos (met), stand of rolls. -----esmaltado, glazed clay or terra cotta. -----de sierra para metales, hacksaw frame. -----refractario (C), fire clay. -----de ventana, window frame. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 57. bastidor 44 bidimensional-----inferior, underframe . bejuco m, rattan.basto, rough, unfinished; coarse, bel (elèe), bel.bastón m, (rr) staff (block system); (su) proof belio m (elèe)(A), bel. stick, sampler, benceno m, benzene.bastrén m, (t) spokeshave. bencidina/, benzidine.basural m (Ch), garbage dump, bencina/, gasoline; benzine.basuras / , trash, rubbish, dirt, refuse; garbage; beneficiable (min), workable. river drift, beneficiador m, operator of a mine or smelter;basurero m, garbage dump, processor; cultivator,batalla / , wheel base, distance between axles, beneficiar, to smelt, refine; to work a mine; tobatayola / (cn), handrail, beneficiate (ore) ; to process,bate m (fc), tamping pick, beneficio m, smelting, ore reduction, beneficia-batea / , trough, launder; tray, mortar tub; (V) tion; working of a mine; profit. paved ditch; (V) paved ford; (min) batea; ----- de explotación, operating profit. (auto) oil pan; (A) paved gutter crossing a ----- de madera, lumbering. road. ----- de minerales, smelting.■ de coque, coke tray (aerator). — bentonita/, bentonite,-----de pilada (cono), batch box. bentonitico, bentonitic,bateador m (fc), tamping bar, tamper, bentos (is), benthos,bateadora / , power tamper. benzol m, benzol, benzene,-----unitaria, unit tamper. berbique, berbiquí m, carpenter’s brace; (U)batear, to tamp (ties). crankshaft.bateo m, tamping. -----acodado, angular bitstock.batería /, battery (all senses). ----- de engranaje, angle brace.-----A (ra), A or filament battery. ----- de herrero o de pecho, breast or fiddle drill.-----anòdica (ra), anode or plate battery. ----- de matraca, ratchet brace.-----B (ra), plate or B battery. ----- de ribera, ship carpenter’s brace.-----C (ra), grid or C battery. ----- para rincones, corner brace.-----compensadora (elèe), floating battery; buf­ -----y barrenas, brace and bits. fer battery. berilio m (quim), beryllium,-----de acumuladores, storage battery. berlinga / , pole, round timber, spar,-----de calderas, battery of boilers. berma / (ot), berm, (rd) shoulder,-----de camiones (M), fleet of trucks. berroqueña / a, granite.-----de filamentos (ra), A or filament battery. besar, a, block and block, chockablock, two------de inmersión (elèe), plunge battery. blocks.-----de mazos, stamp mill. betanaftol to (quim), beta-naphthol.-----de pantalla (ra), screen battery. betatrón m (ra), betatron, rheotron.-----de pega (min), blasting battery. betonera/ (Ch), concretemixer,-----de pisones, stamp mill. betumen m, bitumen.-----de placa (ra), B or plate or anode battery. betuminadora/ (ca)(Es), bituminous distributor,-----de polarización negativa (ra), bias cell. betún m, bitumen, pitch, (C) stucco.— - de rejilla (ra), grid or C battery. ----- judaico o de Judea, asphalt.-----elevadora (elèe), booster battery. betunar, to coat with pitch; (C) to stuceo.batey m, ground occupied b y a sugar mill and ap­ bias (ra), bias. purtenances; (PR) area in front of a coun­ ------ C o de rejilla, grid bias, C bias. try house. biasar (ra)(A), to bias,batidera /, beater, maul; (Sp) mortar hoe. biaxil, biaxial,batido m, (ra) beat; a hammered, wrought. biáxico (E s)(A )(V ), biaxial,-----en frío, cold-hammered. biberon, m (lab), nipple, batidor m, beater, agitator; (A) mixer; (min) bibirû ra (mad), greenheart. dolly; (met) shingler. bicable, a double-cable, batiduras/ (met), mill or hammer scale, bicarbonato m, bicarbonate, batiente m, jam b; gate sill; lock sill; (dam) bicilindrico, (eng) double-cylinder, apron, hearth, (dd) apron; (carp) stop bicloruro to, bichloride. bead. ----- de estaño, tin or stannous chloride. -----de esclusa, miter or lock sill. — de mercurio, mercuric chloride, corrosive batir, to beat, hammer, pound, tam p; to stir, sublimate. batista barnizada (ais), varnished cambric, bicóncavo, biconcave, double-concave, concavo- batómetro m, bathometer, ooncave. baud (tel), baud. bicónico, biconical. bauxita / , bauxite (aluminum ore). biconvexo, biconvex, double-convex, bayoneta / , . (mech) bayonet; (auto) bayonet bicromato to (quim), bichromate, gage (oil level), bicrón to (med), bicron, bedano m, mortising chisel. bichero to, boat hook, Beggiotoa (is), Beggiotoa. bidé, bidet ra (pb), bidet, begohmio m (elèe), begolun. bidimensional, two-dimensional. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 58. bidirectional 45 bituminoso bidirectional (eléc), bidirectional, -----de estaño, tin dioxide, stannic oxide. bidón m, steel drum; drum of a hoist; a tin, C) ( bipié to, bipod. large can. bipolar, bipolar, two-pole. biela / , (eng) connecting rod, pitman. biposte, bipost (lamp). -----motriz, connecting or main driving rod. biprima (mat), double prime (x"). ----- paralela o de acoplamiento (loco), coupling biriquí to (E c)(A C ), carpenter’s brace. or side rod. birlo to (M ), stud bolt. bienes to, property. birrectangulo, birectangular. •----inmuebles o raíces o sedientos, real estate. - birrefringencia / (fma), birefringence. ----- muebles, personal property. birrefringente, birefringent. ----- semovientes, cattle. birrotulado, two-hinged. bienhechuría / (C), improvements (real estate), bisagra /, hinge, butt hinge. bifásico (eléc), two-phase, -----a munición, ball-bearing hinge. bifilar (eléc), two-wire, bifilar. -----acodada, offset hinge. bifluoruro m (quim), bifluoride, -----con levante, rising hinge, skew hinge. bifurcación/, junction of streams; crotch; (p) Y -----de bolitas, ball-tip door butt. branch; (rr)(C)(Sp) junction. -----de fricción, friction hinge. ----- de ramal paralelo (tub), upright Y branch. -----de muelle, spring hinge. ----- doble (tub), double Y branch. de paleta o de ramal, strap or joint hinge. ----- en U (tub), U branch. -----de pasador fijo, fast-pin butt. bifurcador to (aa), bifurcator. -----de pasador suelto, loose-pin butt. bifurcarse, to fork, branch. -----de resorte, spring hinge. bigorneta / , small anvil; tinsmith’s stake. ■ de superficie, flap or surface or full-surfaco ----- de acanalar (ch), creasing stake. hinge. ----- de arista viva (ch), hatchet stake. -----de tiro ancho, wide-throw hinge. ----- de costura (eh), seaming or grooving stake. -----de tope, butt hinge. ----- de pico, beakhorn stake. -----desmontable, loose-pin butt. bigornia/, anvil. -----en T, T hinge. bigote de gato (ra)(A), cat whisker. -----inerte, dead hinge. bigotera /, (dwg) bow compass, bow dividers; -----medio superficial, half-surface or half-mor­ slag tap (blast furnace), tise hinge, bigrilla (ra)(A), double-grid, bisecar, to bisect, bihilar (eléc), two-wire, bisección /, bisection, bijáguara / , a Cuban hardwood, bisectriz/, bisector, bilabarquín to (E c), carpenter’s horse, bisel to, a bevel, chamfer; (Ibr) wane. bilateral (eléc)(mec), bilateral, -----al hilo (mad), bevel rip. bilis / (lab), bile. -----a inglete, bevel miter.----- lactosa, lactose bile. -----de trozar (mad), bevel cutoff. bimbalete m (M ), strut; ridgepole; pump jack. biselado, beveled; (lbr) waney. bimetal to, bimetal. biseladora/, chamfering to o l, bimetálico, bimetallic. biselar, to bevel, chamfer, skive, bimórfico (ra), birnorph. bisilicato to (quim), bisilicate, bimotor, two-motor, bimotor. bismutina / (miner), bismuthine, bismuthinite, binario (quim) (mat), binary. bismuth glance. • binaural, binaural. bismutinita /, bismuthinite, native bismuth sul­binocular a, binocular. phide.binodo m (ra)(mat), binode. bismuto to (quim), bismuth.binomio (mat), binomial. ——blenda (miner), bismuth blende, eulytite.bioactivación / (dac), bio-activation. bisulfato (m) de sodio, sodium bisulphate.bioaeración / (dac), bio-aeration. bisulfito m, bisulphite.biofiltración / (is), biofiltration. bisulfuro to, disulphide, bisulphide.biofiltro, biofilter. bita / (náut), cleat, bitt.biofloculación/ (is), bioflocculation, -----de amarre, mooring bitt.biogenético (is), biogenetic. —— de remolque, towing bitt; towing post,biólisis / , biolysis, bitácora / (cn), binnacle,biolitico (dac), biolitic. bitadura^- turn of a rope around a bitt.biológico, biological, bite m (A), bead (on a board),bioprecipitación / , bioprecipitation, bitón m, bitt; double-head chock.bioquím ica/, biochemistry, -----de fondeo, riding bitt.bioquímico, biochemical, -----de remolcar, towing bitt.biorreducción/ (dac), bioreduction, bitoque to, (M ) faucet, cock; (CA) sewer,b io s a / (az), biose, disaccharide, bitulitico, bitulithic.biotita / (miner), biotite, black mica, bitumástico, bitumastic.biotrón to (ra), biotron. bitumen m (U )(M ), bitumen,bióxido to (quim), dioxide. bituminifero, containing bitumen,-----carbónico, carbon dioxide. bituminoso, bituminous. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 59. 46 bocabituviabituvia / (oa), Bituvia (trademark) . ----- condicional o facultativo (fc), permissivebivalencia/, bivaletice. blocking.bivalente (quim), bivalent. ----- manual (fc), manual blocking.biviario, two-lane (highway). b loq u era / (Es), concrete-block machine,bizcocho 7n (Col), a salmon brick. bob in a /, (elec) coil; (elec) bobbin.bianco m , gear b l a n k ; blank form; a white. -— - apagachispas, blowout coil.-----de antimonio, antimony white (pigment), ----- captadora (ra), pickup coil. antimony trioxide. —— con núcleo de hierro pulverizado, dust-core-----de barita (pigmento), baryta white, barium coil. sulphate. ----- con temblador, vibrator coil.-----de bismuto (pigmento), bismuth white. -----de acoplamiento (ra), coupling coil.-----de cinc (pigmento), zinc white. •--- del campo, field coil. ------de China, Chinese or zinc white. ----- de carga, loading coil.-----de España, whiting, Spanish white. ----- de cesto (ra), basket coil.-----de plomo, white lead. -----de compensación, compensating coil.-----de yeso, whiting. ----- de chispas, spark coil.blando, soft, ----- de choque (A) (Col), choke or impedance coil. blandura/, softness. ----- de desenganche, release coil. blanquear, to whitewash; to bleach, •--- de devanado universal (A), honeycomb coil. - blanquillo m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). -----de disparo, tripping coil. blastogranitico (geol), blastogranitic. ----- de encendido o de ignición, spark or ignition blastoporfiritico (geol), blastoporphyritic. coil. bleck o bleque (A), a term applied to all tar and ----- de enfoque (ra), focusing coil. asphalt products, -----de ensayo, exploring coil. blenda / (miner), blende, sphalerite. ----- de extinción, blowout coil. -----cadmifera, greenockite, cadmium blende. ----- de inductancia, inductance coil, reactor, in­ -----cornea (M ), hornblende. ductor. -----de zinc, zinc blende. ----- de máxima, overload release coil. -----roja, ruby blende (sphalerite). ----- de núcleo de hierro, iron-core coil. blindado, armored, ironclad; (elec) shielded, ----- de oposición, bucking coil. blindaje m, armor; (elec) shielding; (Sp) tunnel ----- de panal, lattice-wound or honeycomb coil. lining. ----- de prueba, exploring coil. -----antimagnético, magnetic screen or shield. ----- de reacción, choking or reactance or imped­ -----cerrado (eléc), interlocking armor. ance or retardation coil, reactor, kicking -----del radiador (tc), radiator guard. coil. blondín m (Es), cableway, ----- de reactancia, reactance coil, inductor. bloque m, block. -----de regeneración, feedback or tickler coil. -----amortiguador, cushion block. ----- de retención, retaining or holding coil. -----calibrador, gage block. ----- de la voz (ra), voice coil. -----comparador (lab), block comparator. ----- deflectora o desviadora (ra), deflecting coil. -----de barrenar, boring block. -----en derivación, shunt coil, (inst) potential -----de batir (ch), dolly block. coil. — de casas (PR ), city block, block of houses.•-----excitadora, exciting coil. -----de cilindros, cylinder block. -----exploradora, exploring or search coil, ex­ -----de clavar, nailing block, wood brick. plorer. -----de doblar (ref), bending block. -----inductora, induction coil. -----de enrasillar (ed), furring block. ----- nido de abeja (ra), honeycomb coil. -----de estampar (her), swage block. ----- sintonizadora (ra), tuning coil. -----de fallas (geol), fault block. -----térmica (tel), heat coil. -----de fusibles (eléc), fuse block. -----tipo canasto (ra), basket-weave coil. -----de golpeo (pb), driving block, turnpin, tam­ -----vibratoria, vibrator or trembler coil. pion. bobinado m, bobinaje m (eléc), winding, -----de motor, engine block. bobinadora/, winding machine, -----de patas (fc), heel block, heel raiser. bobinar, to wind. -----de recalcar (si), swage block. bobo m (P R )(V ), a lumber used in building, -----de .relleno (ed), filler block. boca / , mouth, entrance; nozzle; (tun) portal; -----desabollador (ch), dolly block. (hyd) intake; (top) gap, pass, saddle; (t) -----para triscar (si) , setting block. peen, nose. -----partido de enrasillar, split furring tile. ----- de agua, hydrant. -----portaherramienta (mh), tijiol block. -----de aspiración, air inlet. -----refractario de Construcción, structural tile. ----- de caída (al), drop inlet. -----seccional (fc), block (signal). -----de calle, inlet to a storm sewer. bloquear, to block (all senses); (M ) to chock; -----de carbón (cn), coaling hatch. (min) (B) to block out. -----de carga, fire door of a boiler. bloqueo m (fc)(ra), blocking. -----de cepillo, a (m am)(V), finished with a -----absoluto o definitivo (fc), absolute blocking. wooden float. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 60. boca 47 bomba-----corazón (fe), toe of a frog de . boj to, boxwood.-----de corneta, bellmouth. boje m, a hardwood of Cuba and Puerto Rico,-— de desagüe, drain inlet. b o la /, ball.-----de descarga, outlet, discharge opening. -----rompedora, skull cracker, wrecking ball, ball de entrada, intake, inlet; portal; manhole. breaker. de incendio, fire hydrant, fireplug. — •y cuenca, ball and socket,-— de inspección, manhole. bolas del regulador (mv), governor balls,-----de limpieza, cleanout hole; sluiceway. bolardo m, bollard, mooring post!,-----de manómetro, gage hatch. boleo to, boulder; deposit of boulders; (sb) cam• de pez, fishmouth (splice). — ber, roundup,----- de pozo (pet), wellhead. boletería / (fc), ticket office,— de puerto, entrance to a harbor. —• boletero m (fc), ticket agent,-----de registro, manhole, manhead. boleto to, ticket, de río, mouth of a river. bolín m, ball; shot. de salida, outlet. bolin a/, sounding line; (naut) bowline,-----de tormenta (A )(U )(P e), inlet to a storm- bolo m, (lbr)(C) bole; (Ph) machete, water sewer. bolómetro m (eléc), bolometer,----- de visita, manhole. bolón m, cobble, boulder; xubble stone,-----escotilla, hatchway. bolsa /, bag, sack; pocket; stock exchange;-----tipo de hongo (aa), mushroom outlet. pocket of rich ore.bocacalle /, street intersection, ------ de aire, air pocket, (eng) air lock.bocacaz m, opening in a flume or dam. -----de atacadura (vol), tamping bag.bocal to, mouth, entrance; (top) gap; strait, nar­ ----- de compensaciones (C), clearinghouse. rows (harbor); (min) pit head, -----de contracción (met), pipe, contraction cavity.bocallave / , keyhole; keyhole plate; (A) socket -----de corteza (mad), bark pocket. wrench. -----de resina (mad), pitch pocket.bocamejora / (min), auxiliary shaft, -----de valores, stock exchange.bocamina / , entrance to a mine, -----de válvula, valve bag.bocana / (C ol), mouth of a river, -----de vapor (m g)(pet), vapor lock.bocarte to, crusher, stamp mill; drag mill, bolsa da /, pocket, cavity; pocket of rich ore.bocartear, to crush, bolsón m, (geol) bolson; (min) pocket of rich ore.bocarteo to, crushing. bolsonero (min) (B ), in rich pockets,b o ca te ja /, first tile in a course; hollow under a b om b a /, pump; fire éngine; bomb; (V) mudhole. roof tile; (V) eaves, -----a mano, hand pump.bocatoma / (hid), intake, -----a nafta, gasoline-driven pump.bocazo to (vol), blowout, pop shot, -----al vacío, vacuum pump.bocel to, molding plane; convex molding, -----a vapor, steam pump.boceladora / , molding plane, ■ alimentadora, feed or boiler-feed pump. —bocelar, to form moldings, -----alternativa, reciprocating pump.bocelete to, small molding plane, -----aspirante, suction pump.bocelón m, large molding plane; (rf)(Col) ridge -----barrera, dredging or mud pump. roll. -----calorimétrica, bomb calorimeter.b ocin a /, bushing; bell end of a pipe; (auto)(ra) -----centrífuga difusora, diffuser-type centrifuga) horn; (C) hubcap; bellmouth; (sb) stern pump. tube; (hyd)(A) morning-glory (spillway). -----centrífuga voluta, volute-type centrifugal■--- de bruma, foghorn.- pump.•xponencial (eléc), exponential horn.e -----colgante (exc), sinking pump.bocina-vertedero (hid), morning-glory spillway,- -----contadora, metering pump (gasoline).bocoy m, large barrel, hogshead; (C) measure of ---- - contra incendios, fire pump; fire engine. about 175 gal. -----chupadora, suction pump.bochorno m, sultry weather; (min)(M) after­ -----de acción simple, single-acting pump. , damp; chokedamp, blackdamp. ----- de aceleración (auto), accelerator pump.bodega / , warehouse, storehouse; (naut) hold; ----- de aletas, vane-type rotary pump. cellar; (Ch) boxcar. -----de aletas deslizantes, sliding-vane pump. de herramientas, tool house. ----- de aspiración doble, double-suction pump.■ de tramo (fc), section tool house.---- -----de aspiración simple, single-suction pump.bodegaje m, storage charges, warehousing. -----de balancín, beam pump. en húmedo, wet storage (battery). -----de barrido (di), scavenge pump. en seco, dry storage (battery). -----de carena, bilge pump.bodeguero m, storekeeper. ----- de carrera regulable, variable-displacementbogie m (fc), truck. pump. de arrastre, trailing truck. ----- de cigüeña, crank-action pump.•--- giratorio o de un solo eje, pony truck.- -----de cigüeña y volante, crank-and-flywhee,•-----piloto, pilot truck. pump.bogue m (Es), Boghead coal, -----de cilindro corredizo (pet), iraveling-cylin.boicot, boicoteo m, boycott. der pump. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 61. bomba 48 boquilla----- de concreto, Pumpcrete (trademark) . ■ ■inatascable, clogless pump. —-----de chorro, jet or water-jet pump. ----- insertada (pet), insert pump, casing pump.-----de desplazamiento positivo, positive dis­ -----inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection ■ placement pump. pump.-----de difragma, diaphragm pump. ■ - manual, hand pump. —-----de doble efecto, double-acting pump. ----- medidora, measuring pump; (auto) metering-----de doble paso o de dos escalones o d,e dos or dispenser pump. etapas o de dos grados, two-stage pump. ----- multigradual, multistage pump.-----de dosaje, measuring pump. ----- para pozos profundos, deep-well pump.-----de dragado, dredging pump. ----- quíntupla, quintuplex pump.- — de efecto único, single-acting pump. ----- rarificadora (ra), vacuum pump.----- de émbolo, piston pump. — -recíproca (Pe), reciprocating pump.___ d¿ émbolo buzo o de émbolo macizo, plunger ----- recogedora (pet), pickup pump. pump. -----reforzadora, booster pump. -----de engranaje de oreja triple, three-lobe ro­ ----- rotativa, rotary pump. tary pump. ----- rotativa de engranaje interior, internal-gear -----de estribo, stirrup pump. pump. -----de fango, mud pump. -----sumergible, submersible or deep-well turbine .— de gasto variable, variable-discharge pump. pump. -----de hélice, propeller or screw pump. -----surtidora de gasolina, service-station or gas­ -----de impulso, impulse pump. oline-dispensing pump. -----de impulsor ¡abierto, open-impeller pump. -----suspendida (exc), sinking pump. -----de impulsor cerrado, closed-impeller pump. ----- triple, triplex pump. -----de impulsores opuestos, opposed-impeller bombas gemelas, duplex pump, pump. bombaje to, pumping. -----de inflar (A )(U ), tire pump. bombardeo electrónico, electron bombardment, — de inmersión, submersible or deep-well tur­ bombeable, pumpable. bine pump. bombeado m, pumping; arching, crowning; a ,— de lóbulos, lobar-type rotary pump. arched, crowned; dished, • de lodo, mud jack; sludge pump; dredging or — bombeador to, pumpman, pumper, mud pump; (pet) slush pump. bombear, to pump; to crown; to camber; bom­ -----de morbero (M ), plunger pump. bearse, to bulge, spring, -----de ocho grados, eight-stage pump. bombeo to, pumping; crowning; bulging; camber, -----de oxígeno, oxygen bomb. bombero m, pumpman; fireman, de paletas deslizantes, sliding-vane rotary bombilla/, incandescent lamp; bulb, pump. bombillo m, small pump; (p) trap; (C) lantern -----de paletas oscilantes, swinging-vane rotary globe; (C) incandescent lamp; (C) radio pump. ) tube. ■ de paso múltiple, multiple-stage pump. — bombón to, pump used in sugar mills, de paso recto, straightway pump. bonanza /, large deposit of rich ore. de pique .(auto)(A), accelerator pump. bonderita / , Bonderite (rustproofing) (trade­ de pistón, piston pump. mark). -— de potencia, power pump (reciprocating bonderizar, to bonderize (rustproof). pump driven by external power). bonete m (vá), bonnet. ---- de presión (pet), pressure bomb. bongo to, scow, flatboat. —— de resorte, spring-actuated pump. bonguero, boatman, bargeman, lighterman. -----de rodete doble, double-runner pump. bonificación/, bonus; (irr)(M ) reclamation. -----de rosario, chain pump. bonificar (cont), to credit. — f- de salvataje, salvage or wrecking pump. bonista (C), bondholder. — de sentina, bilge pump; sump pump. bono m, (fin) bond. - — de simple efecto, single-acting pump. ----- a corto plazo, short-term bond. -----de succión al extremo, end-suction centrifu- ----- colateral, eollateral-trust bond. gal pump. ---- - de primera hipoteca, first-mortgage bond. -----de succión lateral, side-suction centrifugal -----hipotecario, mortgage bond. pump. . boquera / , head gate; sluice gate; outlet; (Sp) -----de sumidero, sump pump. cesspool, -----de trasiego, transfer pump. boquerel to, nozzle. -----de turbina, turbine pump. boquerón m, large opening; (top) gap, pass, -----de vaivén (A), reciprocating pump. boquete m, gap, pass; opening in a wall; (elec) (A) -----desarenadora, sand pump. air gap. -----doble, duplex pump. boquilla / , small opening; chuck, collet; socket; -----giratoria, rotary pump. bushing; nipple; nozzle; (tel)(hyd) mouth­ -----impelente, force or pressure pump; impeller piece; (w) tip; (top) gap, pass; (mas) chink. pump. ----- ahusada (mh), spring collet, draw-in collet. — impulsora de diafragma, diaphragm -----aisladora, insulating bushing. force pump. ——aspiradora, aspirating nozzle. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 62. boquilla 49 botella de agua, needle nozzle . -----de encauzamiento, levee.•-----de anillo a escuadra, square-ring nozzle. -----libre (hid) (cn).. freeboard.-— de anillo agudo, undercut-ring nozzle. -----provisional (M ), cofferdam. de Borda (hid), Borda’s mouthpiecc. bordón to, flange of a wheel; bulb on an angle.■-----de borne (eléc), terminal bushing. or T. de brida, flanged nozzle. boreal, northern, de calorífero, radiator bushing. bórico (quim), boric, boracic. de collar, ring chuck. borna (eléc), see borne.----- del electrodo (sol), electrode tip. borne to, (elec) terminal, binding post; a hard­ de engrase, oilhole. wood. • de flujo, flow nozzle. ---- -----de contacto, contact terminal. de forro, liner bushing. -----de masa (auto), ground terminal. de guía, jig bushing. borneadero to (náut), berth; turning basin, de inundación (aa), flooding nozzle, bornear, (naut) to swing, turn; bornearse, tc de manguera, hose nozzle. warp. de pulverizadora, spray or airbrush nozzle. bornita / , bornite, purple copper ore.---- de quijadas convergentes (mh), collet or boro m (quim), boron, draw-iii or push-out chuck. borolón to, Borolon (abrasive) (trademark),-----de reborde hembra (tub), outside head borra / (min), barren rock. bushing. -----de algodón, cotton waste; cotton linters.-----de reborde macho, inside head bushing. borrador m, rough draft; eraser.-----de sujeción (herr), chuck. -----de tinta, ink eraser.-----de tuerca fiadora (eléc), lock-nut bushing. borradura/, erasure,-----entrante (hid), Borda’s or re-entrant mouth­ borrar, to erase piece. borrasca /, an unproductive or worked-out mine,-----fibrosa (elec), fiber bushing. borrico to, (carp) sawhorse; donkey,-----inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection borricón to, scaffold horse, large sawhorse, nozzle. borriquete m, sawhorse, carpenter’s horse,-----lanzaarena, sandblast nozzle. boruro to (quim), boride, • mezcladora, mixing nozzle. ---- bosque m, forest,-----muestreadora (vapor), sampling nozzle. bosquejar, to sketch,-----para macho, tap chuck. bosquejo to. sketch.-----para soldar (tub), soldering bushing. bota ( /) de ascensor (B), elevator boot,-----rociadora, spray nozzle. botas de goma, rubber boots,-----sin cabeza, headless bushing. botad a/, launching,-----sin reborde (tub), face bushing. botadero m (ot), dump, spoil bank,b o ra te ra / (A )(B )(C h ), borax deposit, botador m, (carp) nail set; (re) backing-outborato to (quim), borate, punch; (sb) sctbolt; tappet.bórax to, borax. -----de válvula, valve tappet.borbollar, borbotar, to gush, boil up. botafango to, mudguard.borbollón to, spring; boiling up. botaganado ?n, cowcatcher, locomotive pilot.borboteo to, gushing, bubbling, boiling up. botaguas m (ed), water table; flashing; rain shed;borbotón to, boil in sand, a spring, hood over a door; leader boot; weathering,borda / (cn), bulwark; gunwale, botalodo to (P ll), mudguard,borde to, edge; dike, levee. botalón to, derrick boom ; (V) stake.-----de ataque, upstream or leading or entering -----de pala, shovel boom. edge. -----para cable de arrastre, dragline boom.-----de desviación (irr), border check. botalonear (V), to stake out.-----de encauzamiento, levee. botar, to dump; (exc) to waste; to launch; (re)-----de entrada, leading edge. to back out.-----de obturación, masking edge. -----al agua, to launch.-----de retacadura, calking edge. botarel to, buttress, counterfort,-----de salida, downstream or trailing or leaving botavaca to (PH), (loco) pilot, cowcatcher, edge. botavara/, boom, gaff; boat hook; wagon pole,-----de solapa (cn), sight edge. botazo to (cn), fender, rubbing strip,-----de la soldadura, toe of welt*. bote to, boat; container; (M ) bucket, skip; (sh)-----laminado, rolled edge (steel plate). (M) dipper.-----recortado, sheared edge (steel plate). -----de draga (M ), dragline bucket. bordeadora / , tube expander, beading tool, (bo) -----de lata, tin container. flue roller; (irr) ridger. -----de paso, ferryboat.-----de discos (irr), disk ridger. -----de valva de almeja (M ), clamshell bucket. bordear, to flange; to edge, -----salvavidas, lifeboat. bordillo ?n, curb, shoulder. -----volador, flying boat. -----de labio (ca), lip curb. bote-sifón, siphon can. bordo to, dike; edge; side of a ship. botella/, bottle. -----de contención, levee, dike. -----aspiradora (lab), aspirator bottle, www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 63. botella 50 brazos -----cuentagotas (lab), dropping. bottle -----cónica, nun buoy. -----de lavar (lab), wash bottle. ----- de amarre o de anclaje, mooring buoy. -----de presión (lab), pressure bottle. -----de asta, spar buoy. -----de sondeo, sounding bottle. -----de campana, bell buoy. -----para filtrar, filter flask. -----de cuarentena, quarantine buoy. botero m, boatman. ----- de doble cono, mm buoy. boterola/, dolly; rivet set or snap. ----- de espía, warping buoy. botiquín m, medicine chest. -----de gongo, gong buoy. -----de emergencia, first-aid-kit. -----de medio canalizo, mid-channel buoy. ■-----de urgencia, first-aid kit; first-aid station. ----- de palo o de pértiga, spar buoy. boto, blunt. -----de pito o de silbato o de sirena, whistling botón to, button; doorknob; crankpin; (chem) buoy. bead; (Ibr) knot; (M ) snap team of mules ----- de tambor, can buoy. or.bulls; (m ech)(C) boss. -----luminosa, gas buoy, light buoy. -----del alumbrado (auto), light button. -----sonora, bell buoy. -----de arranque, (auto) starter pedal; (elec) boya-farol, gas or lighted buoy. starting button. boya-tonel, can buoy. -----de avance transversal (m h), cross-feed knob. boyante, buoyant. -----de bocina (auto), horn button. boyar, to buoy; to float. .-----de la calefacción (auto), heater button. bracero to, laborer, workman. — del cebador (auto), choke button. bra ga /, sling; spreader for hoisting. ■ de contacto, push button; contact button. — bramante (ra) aislador, insulating twine. -----de embrague (m h), clutch knob. bramil m, chalk line; a line marked with chalk. — del estrangulador de aire (auto), choke but­ branca / (C ol), pier, pilaster. ton. brancal to, frame of a wagon; (PR) wagon shaft. -----de manubrio, (eng) crankpin. brandal m, backstay, tieback. -----de pestillo o de puerta, doorknob. branque m (cn), stem. -----de presión, push button. brasero m, brazier, fire pot, salamander. -----de la puesta en marcha (auto)(A), starter -----de gasolina, plumber’s torch. button or pedal. braunita / , braunite (ore of manganese"). -----de sintonización (ra), tuning knob. braza / (náut), fathom, -----de tope (cv ), button stop. brazada / (C ol)(V ), fathom. -----de tráfico (ca), traffic-marking button. -----de piedra (M ), a cubic measure used in sell­ -----partido (eléc), split knob (insulator). ing building stone, -----pulsador, push button. brazaje m, depth of water, -----reflector (ca), reflecting button. brazal m, irrigation ditch. -----y tubo (eléc), knob and tube (work). brazo m, arm; leg of an angle; branch of a tree; botones de herramentero, toolmakers’ buttons, branch of a stream; mast arm. botonera / , panel of push buttons, -----, a, by hand. bournonita /, bournonite, wheel ore. -----de adrizamiento (an), righting lever or arm. b ó v e d a /, vault; arch; (geol) dome, cupola; (A) ----- de ataque (pi) (M ), dipper stick. crown of a road. ----- del cigüeñal, (eng) crank arm. -----corrida, barrel arch or vault. ----- de compás, leg of a compass. -----de aligeramiento, relieving arch. -----del cucharón (pi), dipper stick. -----de aristas, groined arch, cross vault. -----de dirección (auto), steering arm. -----de centro pleno, semicircular arch. -----del émbolo, piston rod. -----de crucería, groin vault. -----de gobierno (auto), control arm.----- de descarga, relieving arch. ----- de grúa, (crane) boom, jib ; (de) stiffleg. ——del fogón (cal), fire arch. -----del muñón de dirección (auto), steering------del hogar, fire arch. knuckle arm.-----de medio cañón, barrel arch; semicircular ----- de palanca, lever arm, leverage. arch. ----- de pared, wall bracket.-----de medio punto, semicircular arch. ------ de romana, beam of a scale.-----de panderete (E s), timbrel or Guastavino arch. -----de ruptura (auto), breaker arm.-----de segmento, segmental arch. -----montador (tún), erector arm.-----en- cañón, barrel arch or vault. ----- oscilante, rocker arm; (pet) swing arm.-----escarzana, segmental arch. -----para lámpara, lamp bracket.-----esférica, dome. -----para retenida (poste), guy arm.-----rebajada, flat arch. ----- polar, pole arm (planimeter).-----tabicada (C ol), arch of brick laid on the flat. ----- rastrillador (is), raking arm.bovedilla / , arch between steel floor beams; ----- rígido, (de) stiffleg. closed body of a truck; (sb) poop, stern ----- trazador, tracer arm (planimeter). overhang, counter, fantail. ----- volado (pte), cantilever arm.bovedón m (Pe), chamber in a mine, brazos, labor (men).b o y a /, buoy; float. — de cucharón a horcajadas (pi), straddle-type-----cilindrica, can buoy. dipper sticks. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 64. brazola 51 broca brazola/, coaming; . curb -----de tractores, fleet of tractors. de escotilla, hatch coaming. -----del tránsito (lev), transit party. de registro, manhole coaming. -----sanitaria, sanitary squad. brea /, pitch, tar, brea, petroleum asphalt. -----topográfica (A ), survey party. ■----de alquitrán (M ), coal-tar pitch. - brillante, bright (wire); glossy (finish), de carbón o de hulla, coal tar. brillantez / (il), brilliance, luminosity, subjective de hulla residual, coal-tar pitch. brightness. ■ -----de primera destilación, straight-run pitch. brillo to, (miner) luster; (il) brightness; gloss; de tierra, earth pitch. (ra) glow. •----mineral, asphalt, mineral pitch; maltha, - ----- anacarado, pearly luster. mineral tar. -----ceroso, waxy luster. brear, to coat with pitch, -----craso, greasy luster. breccia / (geol), breccia. -----de betún, pitchy luster. brecha / , a breach, opening, crevasse; (geol) -----grasiento o mantecoso, greasy luster. breccia. ----- grasoso (B), greasy luster. de dislocación (A), crush or friction or fault -----mate, dull luster. breccia. ----- nacarado, pearly luster. de fallas o de fricción o de trituración, fault -----resinoso, resinous luster. or crush or friction breccia. -----sedoso, silky luster. -----de talud, talus breccia. ----- subjetivo (il), subjective brightness, lumi­ b rech a ción / (geol), brecciation. nosity, brilliance. brechiforme, brecciated. -----terroso, earthy luster. brechero m (ec) (M ), trailbuilder. -----vitreo, vitreous luster. brechoide (B), brecciated. brinco (to) hidráulico, hydraulic jump, brechoso, brecciated. briqueta / , briquet, breque m, brake; (Pe) baggage car. briquetar, briquetear, to briquet, brequero m (Col), brakeman. briqueteadora/ , briqueting press; briquet mold, brete to (fc) (A ), cattle pass, cattle ramp, brisa /, breeze, light wind. b riaga/, sling; (Col) hoisting rope, ----- eléctrica, electric wind. brida / , (p) flange; clamp; splice plate; bridle — - ligera, light or gentle wind. (cable); bridle (harness); (rr) splice bar; moderada, moderate or fresh wind, (mt) dog. brisera / (C)(PR,), windshield, -----angular (fc), angle bar. brisero (Col), windshield, ------ ciega (tub), blind flange; blank flange. brisote to, strong wind, -----corrediza (tub), slip-on flange. bristol to (dib), Bristol board, ------ curva (tub), saddle or tank or boiler flange. brizn a/, splinter, chip, -----de acoplamiento, companion flange; couphng b ro ca /, drill, drill bit; (A) driftpin. flange. -----buriladora, router bit. -----de arrastre (mh), clamp dog. ----- centradora, center bit or drill. -----de collar (tub), neck or collar flange. ----- de acanalado doble, double-flute drill. -----de copa (tub), hat flange. -----de acanalado recto, straight-flute drill. -----de deslizamiento (V), slip-on flange. ----- de acanalado simple, single-flute drill. -----de enchufe (tub), socket flange. -----de acanaladura triple, three-fluted drill. -----de junta montada (tub), Van Stone or -----de alambre, wire drill. lapped-joint flange. -----de alegrar, reamer. -----de obturación (tub), blind flange. -----do avellanar, countersinking bit. -----de orificio (tub), orifice flange. -----de barrena, drill bit. -----de piso (pb), waste nut, floor flange. ----- de canal de aceite, oil-tube drill.----- grapa (A), lathe dog. -----de canaleta recta, pod bit.-----lisa (tub) (M ), blank flange. -----de cuchara, pod drill, spoon or pod bit----- loca, loose flange. -----de diamantes, diamond bit.----- para artefacto (pb), fixture flange. ----- de doble corte, dual-cut drill.-----para martillar (tub), peening flange. -----de espiga ahusada, taper-shank drill.----- para plato (torno), chuck plate. ----- de espiga recta, straight-shank drill.-----postiza (C), loose flange. -----de manguito, shell drill.-----reductora, reducing flange. de paso corto, high-spiral or high-helix-----roscada, screwed flange. drill.-----soldada, welded flange. -----de trinquete, ratchet drill.-----tapadera (tub), blind flange. -----desmontable, detachable bit.-----tapón (tub), barrel flange. -----destornilladora, screwdriver bit.bridas gemelas o de unión, flange union, com­ -----espiral o helicoidal, twist drill. panion flanges, -----estrellada, star bit.bridar, to flange. -----pasadora (est), driftpin.brigada/, party, squad, gang; (tk) fleet. -----piloto, pilot bit.-----de campo, field forces or party. -----postiza o recambiable, detachable bit.-----de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen. -----salomónica, twist drill. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 65. brocal 52 bulbobrocalm, rirn; mouth of a shaft; curb around a -----de artesa, trough compass. shaft; (M ) sidewalk curb; (min) collar; -----de azimut, azimuth or amplitude compass. (exc) pit boards, well curb, -----de bolsillo, pocket compass.brocantita / (miner), brochantite (copper sul­ -----de declinación, declination compass. phate), -----de geólogo, geologist’s compass.b ro ch a /, brush . -----de inclinación, dipping compass, dip needle.-----de alambre, wire brush. -----de inducción, induction or earth-inductor-----de blanquear, whitewash brush. compass.-----para pintura, paintbrush. ----- de minero, mine dial, mining compass.-— • para ventanas, sash tool, fitch, -----de nonio, vernier compass.brochada / , brush stroke; brush coat, -----de reflexión, prismatic compass.brochal to, header beam, ----- de selvicultura, forester’s compass.brochar, to brush, -----de senos, sine galvanometer.broche to, hasp. -----de tangentes, tangent galvanometer.broches para correa (C) (A), belt hooks or lacing. -----de topógrafo (M ), surveyor’s compass.brochón, whitewash .brush. -----giroscópica, gyrocompass, directional gyro.broma / , teredo, shipworm. •--- goniométrica, radio compass. -bromado, worm-eaten. ------ marítima, mariner’s compass.bromato to (quím ), brómate. -----minera, mining compass.bromhidrato m, hydrobromide, hydrobromate. -----repetidora, repeater compass.bromhldrico, hydrobromic. • suspendida (min), hanging compass. ----brómico, bromic. bruñidor to, burnisher.bromito m (quim), bromite. bruñir, to burnish, polish, bromo to (quim), bromine. brusca / (cn), camber, roundup, bromofenol m (is), bromophenol. brusco, sharp (curve or grade), bromuro m, bromide. bruto, gross; crude, —- metílico, methyl bromide. bruza / , coarse brush, bronce m, bronze; brass; (min) iron pyrites. bucear, to dive. -----al estaño, tin bronze. buceo m, diving, submarine work, -----al estaño-plomo, leaded tin bronze. b u ch a rd a / (mam), bushhammer; crandall. -----amarillo, brass. buchardar, to bushhammer. -----antiácido, acid bronze. bufarse, to swell, heave, -----cromado, chromium bronze. buhardilla/, garret; (A) skylight, -----de alto plomo, high-lead bronze. buja / (tub) (maq) (M ), bushing, -----de aluminio, aluminum bronze. bujarda / (mam), bushhammer. -----de campanas, bell metal, hard bronze. buje to, bushing, sleeve. ----- de cañón, gun metal. ----- al ras (tub), flush bushing. -----de carbón (m in), coal brass or blende. ----- de ballesta (auto), spring bushing. -----de níquel-estaño, nickel-tin bronze. -----de contratuerca (eléc), lock-nut bushing. -----duro, hard bronze, hard or bell metal. ----- de reborde (tub), shoulder bushing. — - fosforado, phosphor bronze. -----de reducción (tub), bushing. -----hidráulico, hydraulic bronze. • de tubo-conducto (eléc), conduit bushing. ---- -----manganésico, manganese bronze. -----maestro, master bushing. -----silicado, silicon bronze. ----- para manguera, hose bushing. -----Tobin, Tobin bronze. -----para soldar (tub), soldering or welding bush­ bronces (fc), car brasses, ing. bronceado, brass-plated, bronzed, ——partido, split bushing. broncería /, bronze work, brasswork; bronze or b u jía /, spark plug; candle; candle power. brass shop. — - caliente, hot spark plug. ----- de obra, structural bronze work. -----de encendido o de inflamación, spark plug. broncero to, broncista m, brassworker, bronze- -----decimal (il), decimal candle. smith. ----- eléctrica, electric or Jablochkoff candle. brookita/, brookite (titanium ore). ------ esférica (il), spherical candle power. broqueles m (tún)(Es), poling boards. ----- fría, cold spark plug. broquero m (m h)(M ), bit dresser. -----Hefner (il), Hefner candle. brotadero m, spring (water). -----hemisférica (il), hemispherical candle power. brotar, to crop out; to emerge (ground water). ----- hora, candle-hour. brotazón m, an outcrop. ----- internacional, international or British stand­ brote m (C), outcrop. ard candle. -----de filtración, seepage outcrop. -----luminosa o lumínica, candle power. b r o z a /, brushwood; (Ch) mine waste; (Pe)(B) ----- métrica, meter-candle. poor ore. ----- normal o patrón, standard candle. brucita / , brucite, native magnesium hydroxide, ----- plomada (tún), plumb candle. brújula / , compass, magnetic needle. bujía-pie, foot-candle. -----de agrimensor, surveyor’s compass, circum­ bulárcama / (cn), rider. ferentor. bulbo to, (A) bulb (lam p); (ra) (M ) tube. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 66. bulbo 53 caballón — al vacío (M ), vacuum . tube buscapolos to (eléc), pole finder,-----de amplificación (ra)(M ), amplifier. buscatubo to, pipe finder.-----de fuerza (ra)(M ), power tube. busco to (hid), gate or lock or miter sill; toe wall,-----de presión (ms), bulb of pressure. butano to, butane,-----electrónico (M ), electron tube. buterola /, dolly, rivet set.-----fotoeléctrico (A), phototube, photoelectric buzamiento to, (geol) dip; (min) pitch. tube. -----arriba, updip.----- indicador de sintonía (ra)(M ), tuning indi­ buzar (geol), to dip. cator tube. b u za rd a / (cn), breasthook.-----mezclador (ra)(M ), mixer tube. buzo to, diver; plunger.bulón to, bolt, (A) machine bolt. buzón to, bin, bunker; letter box; (B) chute; (Pe)-----común, machine bolt. manhole.-----de ajuste (est), fitting-up bolt. -----de compensación (ag), surge hopper.-----de anclaje, anchor bolt. -----de inspección (al)(Pe), manhole.----- de arado, plow bolt. -----de metralla, scrap bin.----- de cabeza de hongo y cuello cuadrado, car­ -----para carbon, coal bunker, coalbin. riage bolt. buzones cargadores (conc), mixer bins,-----de cabeza perdida, countersunk bolt; flat- buzonera/, (M ) drain. head stove bolt.-----de cabeza ranurada, stove bolt.-----de carrocería (A), carriage bolt.-----de eclisa (fc), track bolt. cabalgadura, pack animal, -----del émbolo, (eng) piston pin. cabalgar, to lap over,----- de fijación (A), stud bolt, setscrew; clamp caballaje m (C), horsepower, bolt. caballería /, a land measure about 33J4 acres in -----de grillete, shackle bolt. Cuba, 106 acres in Mexico, 194 acres in -----de montaje (est), erection bolt. Puerto llioo, about 111 acres in Central -----de ojo, eyebolt. America; saddle horse, -----de piston, (eng) piston pin. caballeriza/, stable, -----de via (fc), track bolt. caballero to (ot), spoil bank, ----- nervado (est), rib bolt. caballete to, trestle bent, A frame; horsehead; -----ordinario, machine bolt. (M) gantry; (A) truss; sawhorse; ridge of -----para cangilones, elevator bolt. a roof, ridgepole, ridge roll; (va) yoke; -----para peldaños, step bolt. (mech) saddle; (ca) ridge, small dike; (rd) -----torneado, turned bolt. windrow. -----zurdo, bolt with left-hand thread. -----A, A frame. bulonado to, bolting, fitting up. -----de los aguilones (cn), boom crutch. bulonar, to bolt, -----de andamio, scaffold horse. bullir, to boil. -----de aserrar, sawhorse. buque to, boat, vessel; (CA) doorframe. -----de cablevia, cableway tower. -----carguero, cargo boat, freighter. -----de extracción (min), headframe. ----- cisterna, tanker. -----de maniobra, (rr) switch stand; floor stand ----- costanero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel. (gate). ----- fanal o faro, lightship. -----de múltiples tramos, multiple-story bent. ----- frigorífico, refrigerator ship. -----de pilotes, pile bent. -----petrolero, oil tanker. -----en H, II frame. b u rbu ja /, blister; bubble, -----en marco, framed bent. burda / , backstay, tieback. -----oscilante, rocker bent. burel to, marlinespike, fid. -----portapoleas (pet), crown block. bureta / (lab), buret, caballo to, horse; horsepower; sawhorse; wood buril to, small chisel, graver, roof truss. burilada / , chisel cut. -----de carga, pack horse. buriladora/, graver; router, -----de fuerza o de vapor, horsepower. burilar, to chisel, carve. -----de fuerza al freno, brake horsepower. burlete to, weather strip; (p) j oint runner, gasket, -----de montar, saddle horse. burnetizar (m ad)(M ), to burnettize. -----de tiro, draft horse. burro to, sawhorse; trestle bent; (min) windlass; -----eléctrico, electric horsepower. donkey; (sb) vang; (PR) stepladder; (C) -----métrico, metric horsepower. cheek plate, caballo-hora, horsepower-hour, buscacloaca to, sewer-pipe locator, caballos buscador to, (inst) finder; (ra)(A) cat whisker. ----- al eje, shaft horsepower. ■----de fajas (fma), strip finder. - -----de establecimiento (Es), installed horse­ — de visión directa (fma), direct-vision view power. finder. -----de regimen (mot), horsepower rating. buscafallas to (eléc), fault localizer, faultfinder, caballón to, dike, levee. buscahuella m (auto), spotlight. ----- desviador (ca), water bar. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 67. cabecear 54 cablecabecear, to rock; to pitch (ship); (M ) cabezada/, bridle, halter; (C) headwaters; (top) to cap; (Ibr) (M ) to end-match . highest part of a region; (min) headercabeceo m, (naut) pitching; (M ) stone revet­ beam; (naut) pitching, ment. cabezal m, cap, header, lintel; bridle; headercab ecera /, headwall; intake; capital city, brick; (mt) headstock.cabeceras / (Col), headwaters, ----- alzador (gato), lifting head.cabecero m, header beam; cap, lintel; head ----- de balancín (pet), beamhead. block; (mas) header, bondstone; yoke of a ----- de cajón (cal), box header. window frame. -----de cerco (cal), ring header.-----de caballete, cap of a trestle bent. -----de conducto de servicio (eléc), service head.-----de esclusa, lock head. ----- de conexión múltiple (tub), branch T.-----de pilotes, pile cap. ----- de control (pet), control head.-----de pozo (al), manhole head. ----- de choque (fc), bumper, bumping post or-----de puerta, doorhead, lintel. block.cabecilla / (eléc)(U), binding post, terminal; m -----de entrada (az), inlet head. (F ), foreman, -----de entubamiento (pet), casinghead.ca b e lle ra / (fma), coma, -----de nivelación (inst), leveling head.cabestrillo m (carp), strap, diagonal tie. ----- de pozo, wellhead, (pet) casing head.cabeza /, head (rivet, bolt, n ail); head of water; -----de pozo con prensaestopa (pet), bradenhead. head of horses; (gi) flange; addendum ----- de seguridad (pet), safety head. (gear). ----- de sujeción (mh), workhead.-----avellanada (re), countersunk head. -----de taladrar (m h), boring or drilling head. ------caliente (m et), sinkhead, hot top, feed- -----de torno (mh), lathe head, headstock. head. ----- de tubería de revestimiento (pet), casing-----cilindrica ranurada, fillister head (screw). head.----- , de, on end. ----- de tubo de producción (pet), tubing head.-----de la biela, (eng) big end. -----de tubos, (p) branch T ; (bo) tube header;-----de botón alto (re), acorn head, high button- (C) tube sheet. head. ----- divisor (m h), dividing or index head. -----de cementación (pet), cementing head. -----fijo (mh), headstock. — —de circulación (pet), circulating head. ----- giratorio (mh), toolhead. -----de émbolo, pistonhead. -----mezclador (sol), mixing head. -----de empaque (pet), stuffing box. -----móvil (mh), tailstock, poppethead. -----de esclusa (hid), lock head. — - obturador (pet), packing head. -----de la fábrica (re), manufactured head. -----para barrenar (mh), drilling head. -----del filtro (az), filterhead. -----para tubería de perforación (pet), drilling -----de golpear (pet), driving head. head. -----de hervidores (cal) (A ), header. ----- portacuchillas (as), adz or cutter block, cut­ -----de hincado (pet), drivehead, driving cap. ter cylinder. -----de hongo, mushroom head (colum n); button- ----- portatronco (as), head block. head (rivet or bolt). -----transferente (as), transfer block. -----de mina, entrance to a mine. cabezales (az), mill cheeks, housing, -----de negro (M ), niggerhead, boulder. cabezo m, submerged rock, reef, -----de perforación (pet), drilling head. cabezón m, boulder, niggerhead; (Col) eddy, -----del pilote, butt of a pile. whirlpool, -----de pozo (pet), wellhead; casing head. cabezorro m, bolt with large head, -----de remache, rivethead. cabezote m, rubble or one-man stone, (conc) -----de seta (re), buttonhead. plum. -----de sonda (pet), drilling head. cab ida /, contents; capacity, space, -----del timón (cn), rudderhead. cabilla /, steel bar, dowel, driftbolt, treenail; -----de tornillo, screwhead. (naut) belaying pin; pintle; (conc) rein­ -----de tubería (pet), tubing head. forcing bar. -----de válvula (A), valve bonnet. ----- de repartición (ref)(M ), distributing bar. • embutida (re), countersunk head. — ----- de tensión (ca), tension dowel. -----encajadora (p et)(M ), drivehead. -----estriada (ref) (V ), deformed bar. -----fijadora (tornillo) (A ), fillister head. -----U, U bolt. -----fuera de la cuerda (en), chordal addendum. cabillón m, ladder rung. -----fungiforme, mushroom head (column). ca b in a /, elevator car; (tk)(sh) cab; cabin of an -----inferior, (gi) bottom flange. airplane. -----martillada (re), driven head. cabio m, joist; trimmer beam; lintel; rafter. -----para llave, wrench head (bolt). cabio m, lintel; rail of a door. -----perdida (re), countersunk head. cable m, cable, rope, line; (elec) cable. ■ superior, (gi) top flange. — -----acorazado (eléc), armored cable. -----trasera (perforadora), back head. ■ agitador (pet), jerk line. ----- -----(Para otros tipos de cabeza véase remache y ----- alimentador (eléc), feed cable. perno.) ■ antigiratorio, nonspinning wire rope. ----- www.FreeLibros.com
  • 68. cable 55 cabo----- armado, armored cable; multiple-conductor -----de retención, guy cable; (bu) holding line. cable . •----de retroceso, (sh) backhaul rope; (lg) haul- -•--- arrollado con encaje, (wr) locked-coil cable. - back, receding line.■--- atesador, tightening or take-up line. - ----- de las tenazas (pet), tong line.----- blindado, armored cable. ----- de torcido concéntrico (eléc), concentric-lay----- carril (ev), track cable. cable.■ cerrado (Es), locked-coil cable. ---- ----- de tracción, (wr) haulage cable; (cy) hauling----- cinta, flat wire rope. or endless line; (ce) dragline.----- concèntrico (elèe), concentric-lay cable. -----de traslación, (cy) hauling or endless line;-----corredor, running rope. (Ig) straw or grass line. de abacá, Manila rope. ----- de via (cv ), track or main cable. de aceite (elèe), oil-filled cable. -----de volteo (cuch), dumping line. de acercamiento (cv), inhaul cable. -----, de un solo, (bu) single-line. de acero, wire rope or cable. -----grúa (Es), cableway. de achique (pet), swabbing line. -----guardacarretera, highway guard cable. de alambre, wire rope. ----- Manila, Manila rope.■--- de alambres ajustados, (wr) locked-wire - -----mensajero, carrying or messenger or load cable. cable.-----de alambres pareados (elèe), paired or non- metálico de alma fibrosa, fiber-core wire rope. quadded cable. muerto, standing rope; (pet) dead line. de alejamiento, (cy) outhaul cable; (lg) para encarrilamiento (fc), wrecking rope. haulback. para intemperie (eléc), weatherproof cable.----- de algodón, cotton rope. para maniobras (fc), switching rope.----- de almas múltiples, multiple-core cable. para vientos, guy cable. de alzar, hoisting line. portador, (cy) main or load cable; suspension de aproximación (cv), inhaul cable. cable. ■ de arrastre, dragline, hauling cable. ---- preformado, preformed wire rope. de arrollado liso, (wr) smooth-coil cable. protegido (eléc), shielded cable.----- de avance (pi), crowd line. rastrero, hauling cable. de botones (cv), button line. rosario (cv)(A ), button line. ■ de cadena, chain cable. — soltador (cuch), tripping line. •--- de cáñamo, Manila or hemp rope. - suspendedor (pte), suspender cable. de carga, load or carrying cable. ■ - sustentador, carrying or load cable. — de cierre (cuch), closing or digging line. teleférico, aerial tramway. de cola, tag line. tractor o sin fin (cv), hauling or endless line. ■ de compensación, take-up line. ---- ■--- transbordador, cableway. - ■ de conductor múltiple (elèe), multiple-con­ ---- trenzado (eléc), stranded or braided cable. ductor cable. vaciador (cuch), dumping line. ■ de conductores de sector (elèe), sector cable. ---- cableado m (cab), lay.-— de conductores encerrados (elèe), shielded- corriente, regular lay. conductor cable. -----’ Cruzado, (cab) regular lay; pljiin lay (rope). de conductores gemelos (elèe), twin wire. — paralelo, lang lay. — de conductores separados (elèe), split-con- cablear (cab), to twist, to lay. ductor cable. cablecarril m, cableway; aerial tramway.----- de cordones planos, flattened-strand wire - corredizo, traveling cableway. rope. giratorio, radial cableway.----- de corrida, running rope. cablero m, (M ), rigger,----- de la cuchara (pet), bailing line. cablerriel m (cv), track cable, ■ de descarga (cuch), dumping or trip line. ---- cablevia m, cableway; aerial tramway. ■--- de elevación, hoisting or fall or load line. - de arrastre (ef), cableway skidder. -----de empuje (pi), crowd line. de cable templado, Tautline cableway----- de espira cerrada, (wr), locked-coil cable. (trademark). ■ - de extracción, cable on a mine hoist. ---- flojo, slackline cableway. ■--- de gas (elèe), gas-filled cable. - radial, radial cableway. ----- de giro (gr), sluing line. trasladable, traveling cableway. -----de henequén, sisal rope. cabo m, rope, strand; foreman; handle; cape; end ----- de izar, fall or hoisting or load line. ciego (A ), cap nut. ----- de labor, running rope. — - de cuadrilla, straw boss, assistant foreman. -----de ladeo (tún)(náut), bull line. de hacha, ax handle. ----- de levante (M ), hoisting line. de labor, running rope. de mando, operating cable. de mecha (A ), shank of a drill. -----de nudos (cv), button line. — de pico, pick handle. ■ ----de recorrido (cv) (A), hauling or endless line. de pistola, pistol grip. de refrenamiento, snubbing line. de retenida, guy cable; guy strand. de remolque, hawser, towing line, towline; guardacamino (ca), guardrail strand. (type of wire rope) hawser, mooring line. • Manila, Manila rope. — www.FreeLibros.com
  • 69. cabo 56 caída----- mensajero, suspension or messenger strand adujadas, coil chain. . ----- de-----muerto, standing rope, guy cable. -----de agrimensor, surveyor’s chain (66 feet).-----para vientos, guy strand. -----de aisladores (eléc), chain insulator, insula­cabotaje m, pilotage; coastwise shipping, cabo­ tor string. tage. ----- de ajuste, toggle chain, (lg) bunk chain.cabrestante m, winch, crab, capstan; A frame, -----de amarrar, mooring chain. breast or house derrick. -----de cable o de contretes, cable or stud-link-----corredizo (hid), traveling gate hoist. chain.-----de cadena, chain block. ----- de distribución (auto), timing chain.-----manual, hand-power winch. ----- de dragado, dredge chain.-----para remolcar, towing winch. ----- de empuje (pi), crowding chain.cabrestantero m (pet), winch-head man, cathead ----- de engranaje, pitch chain. man. ----- de escalera, ladder chain.cabria / , winch, capstan, windlass, crab; crane, -----de eslabón con travesaño, stud-link chain. derrick; A frame, gallows frame, house -----de eslabón torcido, twist-link chain. derrick; (lg) jammer; oil derrick. ----- de eslabones cortos, close-link chain.-----chinesca, differential windlass. ----- de eslabones planos, flat-link chain.-----de aguilón, jib crane. ----- de fondeo, mooring chain.-----de manivela, crank windlass. -----de Gall, Gall’s chain.-----de martinete, pile-driver leads. ----- de Gunter, Gunter’s or surveyor’s chain.-----de pies rígidos, stiffieg derrick. ----- de herramientas (pet), string of tools.-----de tres patas, shear legs, tripod derrick. ----- de mando, transmission or driving chain.-----de vientos, guy derrick. ----- de medir, surveyor’s or Gunter’s chain; engi­-----izadora de compuerta (hid), gate hoist. neer’s chain.-----remolcadora (tc), towing winch. ----- de montañas, mountain range.-----transportadora de troncos, logging arch. ----- de oruga, crawler belt. cabriada / (A), truss; pile-driver leads, ----- de paso corto, short-pitch chain (fiat link). cabrial m, rafter. ----- de paso largo, long-pitch chain. cabrilla/, sawhorse, sawbuck; trestle horse. -----de producción, assembly or production line. cabrio w, joist; rafter. ----- de rocas, reef, ridge of rock. cabrión m, chock. ----- de rodillos, roller chain. cabús m (fc)(M ), caboose. ----- de señales (cn), telegraph chain. cabuya /, sisal or hemp rope. ----- de transmisión, chain belt, driving chain. cabuya m, an Argentine hardwood. ----- de troncos, log boom. cabuyería / , rigging, outfit of ropes or cables; ----- enroscadora (pet), spinning chain. ship chandlery, ----- lubricadora, oiling chain. cabuyero m, ship chandler, ----- motora, driving chain. cacaraña/, pitting (rust), ----- para hojas de ventana, sash chain. cacarañado, pitted. ----- para ingenieros (lev), engineer’s chain (100 cacera / , channel, canal, irrigation ditch, feet). cacerola / (lab), casserole, -----para neumático, tire chain. ca ch a cera / (az), mud tank, blowup, ----- rotatoria, roller chain. cachar (mad), to split; to rip. ----- silenciosa, silent chain. cachaza / (az), scum, froth, foam, mud. -----sin soldar, weldless chain. cacheta / (ft), ward of a lock, ----- sorda, silent chain. cachete m, splice plate, scab, fishplate; jaw or -----transportadora, chain conveyor. cheek plate. cadenas de cola (ef), tag chains, cachim ba/, (A) shallow well, spring; (M ) miner’s ca den a da / (lev), length of one chain, lamp; (Pe) house connection to a sewer, cadenear (lev), to chain, cachimbo m, (V) nozzle; (V) inlet, cadeneo m, chaining, cachizo (mad), fit to be sawed, cadenero m, chainman. cachorro, cachorrero m (vol)(A )(C h), very light -----: delantero, head chainman. blast. -----trasero, rear chainman. cachucho m (Ch), bucket; coil pan in nitrate -----zaguero (A ), rear chainman. plant. ca d en eta s/ (Ch), bridging between joists, cachuela / (Pe), rapids of a river, cadenilla ( f) de tiro (eléc), pull chain, cadahalso m, shed, cadmiado, cadmium-plated, cadalso m, scaffold, staging, cadmio m, cadmium. cadena/, chain; log boom ; (cons) tie, brace, rein­ caedizo m, lean-to; a unstable, ready to fall; de­ forcement, buttress. ciduous (tree), -----afianzada, stud-link chain. caer, caerse, to fall, drop; to fail, -----antiderrapante (M ), tire chain. cagafierro m, slag, scoria, -----antideslizante, tire chain. caico m (C ), reef, shoal. -----articulada, block chain; pitch or pintle chain. c a íd a /, fall, drop; (hyd) head; (geol) dip; (str) -----comprobada, proof coil chain. failure; (min) slip, fall of rock; (bldg) roof -----con juntas de pasador, pin-connected chain. leader. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 70. caída 57 caja ----- (hid), gross . bruta head -----de distribución, (se) valve chest; (elec) dis­ -----de agua, waterfall. tribution or junction box. -----de fricción, (hyd) friction, drop. -----del eje, journal box, axle box. -----de tensión de la reactancia (eléc), reactance -----del embrague (auto), clutch case. drop, quadrature component. -----de empacadura (M ), stuffing box. -----efectiva (hid), effective head. -----de empalme (eléc), junction or splice or -----estática (hid), static head. joint box. -----IR (eléc), I R drop. -----de empaque (M ), packing case. -----pluvial, rainfall. -----de empaquetadura, stuffing box. ----- por impedancia (eléc), impedance drop. -----de enchufe (eléc), receptacle, outlet. -----útil (hid), useful head. -----de engranajes, gear case, gearbox; (auto) caídos (min), fallen material, transmission. caimán m, Stillson wrench; (M) ore chute; (pet) -----de engrase (fc), journal box, axle box. tongs. -----de entrega (irr), delivery box. caipón m (R D ), a timber tree, -----de escalera, stair well. cairel m (cn), rail. —r de esclusa, sluice box. — caja / , box, case; car body, truck body; (carp) -----de estopas, stuffing box. mortise, recess; (elec) cabinet; (machy) -----de extracción, mine cage. housing, casing; (elec) outlet box, junction -----de fuego (cal), firebox. box; (rd) section excavated for pavement; -----de gasto visible, sight-flow box. (min) thickness of a vein; (com) cash; safe, -----de grasa, grease case. cashbox; cashier’s office; fund; (Ch) river -----de, herramientas, toolbox, tool chest. bed. -----de humo, smokebox, breeching.----- basculante, dump body. -----de incendio, hydrant.-----chica, petty cash. -----de ingletes (carp), miter box.----- de abonado (eléc) (agua), service box. -----de jubilaciones, pension fund.-----de acceso, inspection box; (clec) pull box. -----de lavado (al), flush tank.----- de la aguja (inst), compass box. -----de menores, petty cash.-----de ahorros, savings bank. -----de muestras (sx), core box.-----de alimentación (az), feed well. -----de orificio (hid), orifice box.-----del alma (sx), core box. -----de paso (eléc), pull box.----- de amortización, sinking fund. -----de pilada (mam), batch or mortar box.----- de arranque (eléc), starting box. -----de puente trasero (auto), rear-aile housing.-----de ascensor, elevator shaft. -----de la puerta (M ), door buck.-----de avance (mh), feedbox. -----de registro, manhole (street).----- de banjo (auto), banjo housing. -----de resistencias (eléc), resistance box.----- de báscula, scale box (weighing). -----de retiros, retirement fund.----- de bobinas (auto), coil box. -----de rodillos (cojinete), roller race.-----de bolas (cojinete), ball cage, retainer. -----de salida (eléc), outlet or conduit box.-----de bomba, pump casing. -----de salida doble, double or two-gang outlet----- de borne (eléc), terminal housing. box.-----de cadenas (cn), chain locker. -----de salida simple, single or one-gang outlet-----de cambio, (auto) gear case, gearbox; (mt) box. speed box. -----de salida triple, triple or three-gang outlet----- de cambios rápidos (torno), quick-change box. gearbox. -----de sebo (U), grease cup,-----de caracol (turb), scroll case. -----de seccionamiento (eléc), sectionalizing box.-----de carretilla, wheelbarrow tray. -----de seguridad, safe; safe-deposit box.-----de carro, car body; wagon body. -----de servicio, (elec) service box; (irr) delivery-----de caudales, safe. box.-----de cepillo (herr), plane stock. -----de sulfitación (az), sulphur box.-----de cerradura (ft), lock case. ----- de transferencia (co), transfer case.-----de cigüeñal (auto), crankcase. de transmisión (auto), gear or transmission-----de contacto (eléc), receptacle, socket. case.-----de contador, meter box, (elec) meter trough. -----de unión, junction box.-----de contrapeso (ventana), weight box. -----de vagón, car body.-----de cortacircuito (eléc), cutout box. -----de válvula, valve chest; valve box.-----de la chapaleta (vá), clack box. -----de válvula al cordon, curb box.-----de chumacera, journal box, pillow block; ----- de vapor (mv), steam chest. axle box. -----de velocidades, (auto) gear or transmission-----de décadas (eléc), decade box. case; (mt) speed box.-----de derivación, (elec) junction or tap box; ----- de ventilación, air or ventilation shaft. service box; (sd) diverting box. -----de visita, manhole, inspection box.-----de derrame (az), overflow box. -----del volante (auto), flywheel housing.-----del diferencial (auto), differential case or -----de volteo, dump body. housing. .-----derivadora (irr), delivery box. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 71. 58 caldearcaja----- distribuidora (oa), spreader box, eradle en rosea (A), light draft. . ----------esparcidora (ca), spreader box. ----- máximo, extreme draft.----- espiral (turb), scroll case. -----medio, mean draft.-----estancadora (maq), gland. ----- sin carga, light draft.-----fuerte, safe. calador m, calking iron; drill for talcing samples.-----grasera (fc)(C h), journal box. -----para árboles (for), increment or accretion-----partida, split casing. borer,•-----pequeña (E c), petty cash. caladura/, boring,----- playa (co) (A), flat body. „ . , . calafate m, calking chisel or iron,----- portacuchiUa acabadora (mh), finishing box calafateador m, calker (man) ; calking tool. tool. -----agudo, butt or sharp iron.___ portacuchilla desbastadora (mh), roughmg ----- angosto, spike iron. box tool. ----- de cubierta, dumb or deck iron. -----repartidora (irr)(M ), division box. -----de estopa, yarning iron. -----volcable o volquete, dump body. calafatear, to calk; (mas)(Col) to point, ___ y espiga, (carp) mortise and tenon; (p)(M ) calafateo m, calking. bell and spigot, calaje m, (elec) angular displacement; (t) setting caja-dique ro, cofferdam, (angle). cajear, to mortise, recess, calamansanay m, a Philippine lumber, cajera / , groove, channel, recess, key seat. calamina / (miner) (met), calamine, -----colectora (lu), collecting groove. calaminas (Ch) (B), galvanized corrugated sheets, -----: de chaveta (maq), keyway, key seat. calandria/, (chem) calandria; (machy) calender, -----del eje, journal box, pillow block. calaña / (Es), guard railing, parapet, bulk­ ----- de lubricación, oil groove. head. cajero ni, cashier; box maker, calar, n limestone quarry; » to perforate; to cajón m, packing case; caisson; bin; skip, scale- wedge; to treat with lime; to make core pan; car body; locker; (Ch)(V ) gorge, can­ borings; to sink (caisson) ; (naut) to draw; yon; (Col) concrete forms; (elec) cabinet; o calcareous, (Ec) box culvert. calavera / (auto) (M ), taillight. ----- cargador, loading skip. calaverita /, calaverite (gold ore), ----- de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson. calca / , a copy. ----- de carro, wagon b ody; car body. ----- heliográfica, sun print, blueprint. ----- de embalaje, packing case. calcado m, tracing, -----de madera (exc), scale box. calcador m, tracer. ----- de volteo, dump body. calcantita/, chalcanthite, native copper sulphate, ----- esqueleto, crate. calcar, to trace, copy, ----- neumático o sumergible, pneumatic caisson. calcáreo, calcareous. cajones de agregados, aggregate bins, calce m, wedge, liner, shim; u n d erp in n in g; iron cajonero m, (exc) man who handles skips or tire. scalepans, (min) bottomer, onsetter. càlcico a (quim), calcic, calcium, ca ju e la /, groove, rapess. calcin a/, (Sp) concrete, cal / , lime. calcinador m, calciner; (min) roaster, -----aérea (Es), quicklime; high-calcium lime. calcinar, to calcine, burn, roast (ore), ----- apagada, slaked iime. calcio m, calcium. -----blanca, high-calcium lime. -----clorurado, calcium chloride. -----cáustica, caustic lime, quicklime. calcita / (miner), calcite, calcspar. ----- grasa, rich or high-calcium lime. calco m, a tracing; (V) original drawing on trans­ ----- gruesa (A), quicklime. parent paper. ----- hidratada, hydrated or slaked lime, mason’s ----- a lápiz, pencil tracing. hydrate. ----- heliográfico (A), blueprint. ----- libre, free lime. -----litogràfico, lithotracing. ----- muerta, slaked or hydrated lime. calcocita, calcosina/, chalcocite (copper ore), -----pobre, lean or magnesium lime. calcopirita / , chalcopyrite, yellow coppcr ore, ----- tal como sale, run-of-kiln lime. yellow pyrites, -----viva, quicklime, caustic lime. calculador m, calculating machine; estimator, -----y canto, stone masonry. computer. cala / , cove, small bay; hold of a vessel; (naut) ----- circular, circular slide rule. draft; test core, test boring; test pit. ----- de red (elec), network calculator. -----de prueba, test boring, boring core. calcular, to compute, calculate; (str)(C) to calabozo m (C), kind of machete, design. calabrote m, hawser. calculista, computer, estimator; (str)(C) de­ calado m, (naut) draft, depth; (C) stencil, open­ signer. work; (elec) (A) angular displacement. cálculo m, computation; calculus, -----de popa, draft aft. ca ld a /, heating; a heat (steel), -----de proa, draft forward. caldeador m, heater, — en plena carga, load draft. caldear, to heat; to weld. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 72. caldén 59 calibrador caldén m, an Argentine wood used for paving • a vapor de muy baja presión, vapor heating. — blocks, -----de punto, spot heating. caldeo m, heating; welding . -----por aire aspirado, draw-through hot-blast ■ a martillo, hammer welding. — heating. — a rodillo, roll welding. ■ por aire soplado^ blow-through hot-blast — ----- de herrero, blacksmith welding. heating. -----por inducción, induction heating. ----- por vapor de escape, exhaust-steam heating. caldera /, boiler; tar kettle; (min) winze; (min) calefaccionar, to heat, sump. calefaccionista m, heating contractor,----- a combustión de aceite, oil-fired boiler. calefactor m, heater. -----acuotubular, watertube boiler. — de panel, panel radiator,-----acuotubular rápida, express boiler. calefón (m) eléctrico (A), electric heater,----- de calefacción, heating boiler. calentada/, a heat (steel),----- de calor de desecho o de calor residual, calentado al blanco, white-hot. waste-heat boiler. calentado al rojo, red-hot.-----de colector múltiple, multidrum boiler. calentador m, heater.----- de cuatro pasos, four-pass boiler. ----- a presión, pressure feed-water heater. • de hogar contenido, integral-furnace boiler. ---- ----- a rocío, spray-type feed-water heater.----- de hogar exterior, external-firebox boiler. -----a soplo de aire, air-blast heater.----- de paso único, once-through-type boiler. ----- a vacío, vacuum or primary feed-water-----de retomo de llama, return-tubular boiler. heater.-----de tiro descendente, downdraft boiler. ----- a vapor de escape, exhaust-steam feed-water-----de tornallama, return-tubular boiler. heater. — de .tres colectores, three-drum boilér. ----- a vapor vivo, live-steam feed-water heater.----- de tubo directo, through-tube boiler. ----- atemperador (aa), tempering heater.----- de tubos al aire, exposed-tube boiler. ----- de agua de alimentación, feed-water heater.----- de tubos de agua o de tubos hervidores, ----- de cambiavía (fe), switch heater. watertube boiler. ----- de contrafiujo, counterfiow feed-water heater.----- de tubos de humo o de tubos de llama, fire- ----- de chorro de aire (aa), blast heater. tube boiler. ----- de dinamita, dynamite thawer. de tubos sumergidos, submerged-tube boiler. ----- de escape directo (cal), through or thorough­ de vacío, vacuum boiler. fare heater. eléctrica, electric steam generator, electric ----- de espacio, space heater. boiler. ----- de paso múltiple,multiflowfeed-water heater.----- enteriza con hogar, integral-furnace boiler. ----- de serpentín, coil-type heater. escocesa, Scotch boiler. ----- de superficie (asfalto), surface heater. humotubular (M ), fire-tube boiler. ----- desaereador, deaerating feed-water heater. igneotubular, fire-tube boiler. -----inducido, induced or draw feed-water heater. instantánea o rápida, flash boiler. ----- unitario, unit or space heater. • locomóvil, portable boiler on wheels. ---- calentamiento (m) suplementario (sol), concur­ multitubular escocesa, Scotch marine boiler. rent heating, semifija, semiportable boiler. calentar, to heat; calentarse, to heat up, rim hot,— tipo locomotora, locomotive-type boiler. calera/, limekiln; limestone quarry,• tubular de retorno, return-tubular boiler. — calería / , limekiln. tubular sin retorno, through-tube boiler. calero m, operator of a limekiln; a calcareous,-----vaporizadora de mercurio, mercury boiler. calesa / (min) (M ), bucket,calderada / , water capacity of a boiler, calesín m, cart, wagon; concrete buggy,calderería/, boilermaking; boiler shop, caleta/, cove, small bay, inlet; (PR) short street,calderero, calderista m, boilermaker, caletero m, coasting vessel; (V) stevedore,calderilla / (min), blind shaft, caleza/ (Ch), ore bucket.caldero m, boiler; caldron; (met) ladle. calibita / (mineral de hierro), chalybite, siderite. de brea, tar kettle. calibración / , calibration.■ de colada, ladle,— calibrador m, gage, calipers; sizer; (rr) clearancecaldo m (lab), broth. template; (rr)(V) track gage.■ de formiato ricinolado, formate ricinoleate — -----a cursor, slide caliper. broth. -----con arco, wing calipers.■ de lactosa y bilis verde brillante, brilliant— ----- convertible, inside and outside calipers. green bile lactose broth. -----de ahusamiento, taper gage. lactosado violeta cristal, crystal violet lac­ ----- de alambre, wire gage. tose broth, ----- de árboles, tree compass.calefacción/, heat, heating. ----- de cinta, feeler ribbon.■ a panel radiante, radiant-panel heating.— ----- de corteza, bark-measuring instrument.-----a tubería simple (ed), one-pipe heating sys­■ ----- de cubo, socket gage. tem. -----de engranajes, gear-tooth caliper, a vacío, vacuum heating system. -----de espigas, shank gage (drill). a vapor, steam heating. -----de mechas, drill gage. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 73. calibrador 60 calle----- de muescas, groove gage . ----- de estrías, fluted reamer.-----de roscas, screw-pitch gage. calita/, calite (alloy),-----macho, male gage. caliza / , limestone.-----para dientes, gear-tooth caliper. ----- cavernosa, cavern limestone.-----para espesor, outside calipers; slip gage. ----- magnesiana, magnesian limestone, dolomite.-----para interior, inside calipers. calizo, calcareous, containing lime,-----para planchas, sheet gage. calmar (met), to kill, deadmelt.calibraje m, gaging, calibration, calor to, heat.calibrar, to gage; to caliper; to calibrate, ----- aprovechable, useful heat. calibre to, gage, bore, caliber; (inst) gage, jig; •----concomitante (sol), concurrent heating. - calipers; (rr)(M ) gage. ----- de desecho, waste heat.-----a colisa, slide caliper. ----- de fraguado (conc), heat of setting.-----a vernier, vernier caliper. ----- de hidratación, heat of hydration. ___ americano, American or Browne and Sharpe ----- de humedecimiento (ms), heat of wetting. wire gage. -----de remojo (aa), heat of wetting. ----- corredizo, sliding calipers, caliper rule. ----- de rozamiento, frictional heat. -----de altura, surface gage. ----- de sublimación (aa), heat of sublimation. -----de anillo, ring gage. ----- específico, specific heat. -----de articulación ajustable, lock-joint calipers. ----- latente de fusión, latent heat of fusion. -----de articulación fija, firm-joint calipers. ----- moderado de endurecimiento (ct), moderate -----de Birmingham, Birmingham wire gage. heat of hardening. -----de centro, center gage. ----- sensible (aa), sensible heat. -----de circunferencia, circumference gage. caloría/, calorie. -----de comparación, master or reference gage. — - grande, large or great calorie, kilogram- -----de comprobación, check or setting gage. calorie. -----de copa, socket gage. ----- pequeña, small calorie, gram-calorie. -----de dientes limpiadores (si), raker gage. caloría-gramo, gram-calorie, small calorie, -----de espesor, outside calipers ; thickness gage. caloría-kilogramo, kilogram-calorie, great calorie, -----de estirar, drawplate. calórico, caloric. -----de juego máximo, not-go gage. calorífero to, radiator, heater; a giving heat. -----de juego mínimo, go gage. ---- - de aire, hot-air furnace. -----de límites, limit gage. ■----de tubería, pipe-coil radiator. - -----de macho, plug gage. ----- de vapor, steam radiator; heating boiler. -----de nonio, vernier calipers. -----directo-indirecto, direct-indirect radiator. -----de profundidad, depth gage. ----- mural, wall radiator. ----- de ranuras, groove gage. ----- seccionado de fundición, sectional cast-iron -----de resorte, spring calipers. radiator. -----de superficie, surface gage. ----- tapado, concealed radiator. -----de taller o de trabajo, working gage. calorífico, calorific. -----de tolerancia, limit gage. calorífugo, nonconducting of heat, heat-resisting, -----de traspaso, transfer calipers. calorimetría / , calorimetry, ■--- de triscado (si), tooth-set gage. - calorimétrico, calorimetric. • •determinado o específico, definite gage. — calorímetro to, calorimeter. -----escalonado, step gage. ----- de estrangulación, throttling calorimeter. -----exterior, snap gage; outside caliper. ----- de separación, separating calorimeter. -----hembra, receiving gage. calorita/ (aleación), calorite. -----hermafrodita, hermaphrodite calipers. calorizar (met), to calorize. ----- indicador, indicator calipers; indicating gage. calota/ (tún) (A ), top heading. ----- interior, male gage. caloventilador m (M ), heating fan. ----- maestro o patrón, master or standard gage. caluma / (top)(Pe), gap, pass, gorge. -----micrometrico, micrometer calipers. calza / , wedge, chock, shim, liner; (str) shoe; ----- normal, standard gage. (C) brake block; (t) tip. ----- para guardarriel (fe), guardrail gage. calzada / , paved roadway, causeway; (A) im­ ----- para troncos, log calipers. proved road; (Ph) wagon road, -----Stubs, Stubs wire gage. calzador m (vol)(A ), tamping stick, -----trazador, marking caliper. calzar, to wedge, chock, scotch, shim; to key; calicanto to, stone masonry, (rr) to tamp ties; (t) to tip. calicata / (A), test pit. calzo m, wedge, chock; shim; foot block; friction caliche to, caliche (stiff whitish clayey soil) ; (B) block; (machy) shoe. (Ch) soil that produces sodium nitrate, ----- de detención (fc), scotch block. calichera / (Ch)(Pe), nitrate deposit; residue of ----- de puerta (ft), binder. the caliche after production of the salitre, calzos de estiba (C), dunnage. calidra / (M ), a special kind of hydrated lime, calzón to (tub), Y , bifurcation. calientarremaches to, rivet heater, callapo to, (min)(Ch) strut; (B) handbarrow. caliente, hot, warm, calle / , street. calisuar to (A), reamer. ■-----urbanizada (Es), street paved and curbed. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 74. callejón 61 cambiocallejón ra, lane, alley; (top) pass . -----de vapor (mv), steam chest.-----del eje (cn), shaft tunnel, shaft alley. -----de vertedero (hid), weir chamber.callejuela/, small street; (M) traffic lane, ----- de visita, manhole, inspection chamber.ca m a /, bed, bedplate; stratum; cog; cam; body -----desripiadora (dac), grit chamber. of a flat truck or car. -----desviadora, diversion chamber.-----de mortero, bed of mortar. -----doble (fma), two-couple or two-lens camera----- de roca, bedrock, ledge rock. -----espiral (turb), scroll case.camada / , stratum, layer, -----estereofotogramétrica, stereocamera.camagón m, a Philippine lumber, -----fotográfica, camera.cám ara/, chamber, room; camera; (auto) inner -----granangular, wide-angle camera. tube; (min) stall, room, chamber. -----húmeda (lab), fog room.-----aerofotogrametrica, camera for aerial pho­ ----- limpia (al)(U), flush tank. tography, aerocamera. -----múltiple (fm a), multiple-lens camera.-----ampliadora, enlarging camera. -----nónupla (fma), nine-lens camera.-----anublada (lab), fog room; cloud chamber. -----proyectora, projection camera.-----■captadora (hid)(Pe), intake chamber. ----- quíntupla (fma), five-lens camera.-----cartográfica, mapping camera. -----rectificadora (fma), rectifying camera.-----cernidora (is) (Pe), screen chamber. -----registradora (fma), recording camera.-----compensadora (com), clearinghouse. -----separadora (hid), screen chamber.-----cuádruple (fma), four-couple or four-lons ----- séptica (dac), septic tank. camera. -----simple (fm a), single-lens camera.----- de aire, air chamber. -----. televisora, television camera.-----de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson. -----tomavistas (fma), view camera.-----de.ángulo ancho (fma), wide-angle camera. -----triple (fma), three-lens camera.----- de aspiración, (eng) suction chamber. camarín m, elevator car; shaft cage,-----de bajada (ve), downtake chamber. camarón m (Ch), wheels and axle used to handle----- de bifurcación (al), junction chamber. logs.-----de calma (hid), stilling well or box. camarote (cn), stateroom,-----de carga (hid), surge tank or chamber; fore­ cambará m (A), a softwood. bay. 6ambiacorrea ra, belt shifter,-----de cascajo (dac), grit chamber. cambiador ra, changer; switchman; (elec) switch;-----de comercio, chamber of commerce. (rr) (Ch) (M ) switch; belt shifter.-----de compensación, (hyd) surge tank or cham­ -----de calor (M ), heat exchanger. ber; (com) clearinghouse. -----de frecuencia (ra), frequency changer.-----de la compuerta (ds), caisson chamber. ----- de polos (elec), pole changer.----- de confluencia (al), junction chamber. -----de toma (eléc), tap changer.----- de copiar, copying camera. -----de torre (fc), towerman.----- de decantación, settling basin. ----- de velocidad, speed-changer, variable-speed-----de descompresión (tún), decompression transmission, chamber. cambiar, to change, exchange; to switch.----- de digestion (dac), digestion compartment, -----engranajes (auto), to shift gears. sludge-digestion chamber. -----marcha (maq), to reverse; to change speed.-----de dosificación (dac), dosing chamber. cambiavía m (fc), txirnout; switch; (C )(M )(P R ) — de empalme (eléc), splicing chamber. switchman; (M) turntable. — de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. ----- de aguja, point switch.-----de esclusa, lock chamber. -----de desvío doble, Y switch.----- de horizonte (fma), horizon camera. -----de resorte, spring switch.----- de limpia (al)(U), automatic flush tank. ----- de tope, stub switch.-----de mando, control room. -----de traspaso doble, diamond switch, double----- de máquinas, engine room. crossover.----- de oleaje (hid), surge chamber. ----- en Y, Y switch.----- de película continua (fma), continuous-strip ----- saltacarril, jumper switch. camera. ----- tándem, tandem switch.----- de pleno (ve), plenum chamber. -----tumbadora, ground throw, ground-lever----- de presión (hid), forebay. switch.----- de pulverización (auto)(U), mixing chamber. cambio m, change; (rr) switch; (auto) shift;----- de reducción, reduction camera. (com) exchange.----- de repartición (irr), division box. ----- aéreo, overhead frog (trolley).----- de retención (dac)(Pe), detention chamber. ----- corredizo (fc), slip switch.----- de rocío (aa), spray chamber. ----- corrido (fc), flying switch.----- de salida (hid), afterbay. ----- de aguja (fc), point or split or tongue switch-----de subida (ve), uptake chamber. -----de arrastre (fc), trailing-point switch.-----de trabajo, working chamber. -----de banda (ra) (A ), band switch or selector.----- de tranquilización (hid), stilling chamber. -----de bases (qulm)(Pe), base exchange.-----de turbina, wheel pit. -----de cruzamiento (fc)(A ), slip switch.-----de turbulencia (di), turbulence chamber. -----de descarrilar (fc), derail switch. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 75. cambio 62 campana-----marcha, (eng) reversing de . ----- cuba, tank truck.— - de rasante, break in grade. -----chato, flat truck.-----de resorte (fc), spring switch. ----- de adrales, flat truck with racks.-----de talón (fc), trailing-point switch. -----de auxilio, wrecking car.-----de tope (fc), stub switch. -----de barandas (A), flat truck with racks.-----de trazo (fc), change of Une, relocation. ----- de caballete, straddle truck.-----de tres tiros (fc), three-throw switch. -----de cama plana, flat truck;-----de velocidad (auto), gearshift. ----- de disparo (geof), shooting truck.-----de via (fc), switch; turnout. -----de escalera, (elec rr) tower truck.-----de via triple (fc), three-throw switch. ----- de estacas, stake-body truck.-----digital (auto), gearshift on the steering wheel. ----- de expreso, express or pickup truck.-----enfrentado (fc), facing-point switch. ----- de extensión, reach truck.-----extranjero o exterior (fin), foreign exchange. ----- de grúa, truck crane. -----inglés (fc) (A ), slip switch. ----- de maroma (M ), dump truck. -----químico, chemical change. ----- de medio carril, half-track. -----volumétrico (m s), volume change. -----de pilada o de revoltura (conc), batch truck. cambista m, switchman; money changer, -----de plataforma, flat truck. cambium m (mad), cambium. ----- de registro (geof), recording truck. Camboatá m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). -----de reparto, express or pickup or delivery cambray m, cambric. truck. -----barnizado (ais), varnished cambric. -----de taladro (geof), drill truck. -----impregnado, empire cloth, cambric insula­ ----- de teleros o de varales, flat truck with stakes. tion. ----- de volteo, dump truck. camelia / (met), camelia. ----- elevador o levantador, lift truck. camellón m, sawhorse; (top) ridge; windrow, -----esparcidor (ca), distributor truck. (irr) border. -----materialista (M ), truck for hauling concrete ----- distribuidor (hid), spreader ridge. materials. cam illa/, stretcher; handbarrow. -----mezclador (conc), truck mixer. caminamiento (lev)(Es), traversing, ----- multicelular (conc) (A ), multiple-batch truck. caminante, foot passenger. -----piano, flat or platform truck. caminero m, road workman; (rr)(A) track la­ -----playo (A), flat truck. borer; a pertaining to roads, ----- regador, sprinkler truck. caminillo m (C), runway, footwalk. -----remolcador, tow truck. camino m, road. ----- tanque, tank truck. -----afirmado, paved roadway, improved road. -----tractor, truck tractor. -----carretero, wagon road. ----- volquete, dump truck. ----- carrozable (Ec), wagon road. camionada / , truckload, -----de acceso, access road. camionaje m, trucking, truckage, -----de acceso controlado, controlled-access road, camionero m, truckman, truck driver; truck through highway, parkway. owner, hauling contractor, ----- de acceso ilimitado, local-service road, serv­ camioneta / , light truck. ice drive. camisa / , jacket, lagging; sleeve, bushing; drill -----de acceso limitado, through or limited-access chuck. highway, freeway, parkway, thruway. • •de agua, water jacket. — -----de arrastre (ef), skid road. -----de caldera, boiler lagging. ----- de fomento, feeder road. ----- de nudo (M ), coupling sleeve. -----de recua (V ), trail. -----del pistón (auto) (A ), piston skirt. -----de remolque, towpath. -----de polvo (ag), dust jacket. ----- de simple vertiente, hanging road. ----- de vapor, steam jacket. -----de sirga, towpath. ----- húmeda (auto), wet-type cylinder liner. -----de tierra, dirt or unimproved road. -----seca (auto), dry-type cylinder liner. -----de troncos, corduroy road. camón m, felloe, felly, ----- de un agua, hanging road. campamento m, camp. -----en balcón, benched road. campana / , bell; anything bell-shaped; (p) hub, -----mejorado, improved road. bell; (elec) petticoat (insulator). -----natural, unimproved or dirt road. ----- de aire, air chamber, air receiver. -----real o troncal, highway, main road. -----de bucear o de buzo, diving bell. -----vecinal, local or subsidiary road. -----de freno (A), brake drum. camión m, truck. ----- de goteo (eléc), drip petticoat. -----a horcadas, straddle truck. -----de lodo, mud socket (drilling). -----agitador (conc), truck mixer; truck agitator. ----- de nieblas, fog bell. -----andamio, (elec rr) tower truck. ----- de pesca (pet), socket. -----automóvil, motor truck. ----- de soldar (tub), welding bell. -----basurero, garbage truck. -----de vidrio (lab), bell glass or jar. -----batidor (conc), truck agitator; truck mixer. ----- neumática (M ), pneumatic caisson. ----- cisterna (A), tank truck. -----y espiga (tub), bell and spigot. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 76. campanilla 63 canalón campanilla (/) eléctrica, electric bell, medidor de Parshall, Parshall flume. cam paña/, level country; field (work), metálico superficial (elèe), surface metal campista miner who works on shares, tributer m, . raceway. campo m, field (all senses) ; mining camp. para alambres (elèe), raceway, conduit. — ■de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark. para barras conductoras (elèe), busway.-----de aviación o de decolaje, airpark, airfield. ■ para lanchones, barge canal. ---------de fuerzas (elèe), field of force. troncal (irr), main canal.-----de imagen (fm a), image field. ■--- vertedor, trough spillway, chute spillway; ------de la lente (fm a), field of view. spillway channel,-----de radiación (ra), radiation field. canal / , conduit, pipe, duct; channel iron; roof-----fijo (elèe), stationary or constant field. gutter; groove, slot. -----gasífero, gas field. de aluminio (est), aluminum channel.----- giratorio (elèe), rotating or revolving field. -----de bajada (ed), leader, downspout.-----petrolero o petrolífero, oil field. -----de barra (est), bar-mill channel.-----productor (pet), producing field. -----de cables, cable duct. ■ raso, open or flat country. ---- • -----de cruzamiento (fc), frog channel.----- visual, field of view or of vision. de desagüe (Pe), sewer pipe.can m, corbel, bracket, bolster; column cap; de enrasillado (ed), furring channel. shoulder; pawl, dog. -----de humo (M ), flue.canal m, canal, channel, gullet; chute, fiume, -----de lluvia (to), gutter. race; (min) ground sluice; (ra) channel; ----- de pestaña, flangoway. (elee) raceway, wireway. de ventilación, ventilation duct. ■ alimentador, feeder canal, headrace. ---- para construcción de carros, car-building-----asociado (ra), associated channel. channel. -----auxiliar (elèe), auxiliary gutter. para construcciones navales, shipbuilding-----cribador, screen chute. channel. ■ de acceso (hid), head canal, approach chan­ ---- T (M ), channel iron. J nel. canalado, corrugated, fluted, grooved,----- de aducción, headrace, head canal. canalador m, channeler ; rabbeting plane,-----de agotamiento, drainage canal. canaladura / , corrugation, fluting,-----de alcantarillado, drainage or sewer canal. canalera / (Es), roof gutter,----- de barras colectoras (elèe), busway. canaleria / , system of ducts or ditches,------ de carga (Es), headrace, open penstock, canalero m (irr), custodian of a canal; (M) irriga­ pentrough. tion subscriber,----- de combinación (elèe), combination raceway. canaleta/, chute; groove, corrugation; roof gut­-----de conducción, aqueduct canal. ter, eaves trough; (A) street gutter; (conc)-----de corriente portadora (elèe), carrier chan­ spout. nel. -----de aforos venturi, Venturi flume.-----de derivación, diversion channel. -----de carga, loading chute.----- de descarga, spillway channel, wasteway; ----- de descarga, dumping chute. tailrace. ----- de repartición (irr), head flume.■ de desfogue (M ), tailrace. ---- -----de toma en marcha (fe), track pan.-----de escurrimiento (ms), flow channel. -----plegadiza, jackknife chute.-----de flotación, log sluice. canalistas m (Ch), irrigation subscribers,-----de fondo abierto (elèe), open-bottom race­ canalización / , canalization; flume; piping; sys­ way. tem of ducts; (elee) wiring; (elee) layout• de fuga, tailrace; spillway channel. ---- "of conduits; (ra) channeling.• de lodo (pet), mud ditch. ---- -----de circunvalación simple (elèe), single run­----- de llegada, headrace; channel of approach. around wiring.----- de mareas, tideway. ----- de desagües, sewer system.-----de piso metálico celular (elèe), cellular- — - de red doble (elèe), double-grid wiring. metal-floor raceway. ----- de red simple (elèe), single-grid wiring.-----de radiodifusión, broadcasting channel. -----descubierta (elèe), exposed work.-----de riego, irrigation canal. -----eléctrica, electric wiring; system of conduits-----de traída, headrace. for electric wiring.-----derivado, branch canal. -----maestra, mains.-----descubierto, open channel. -----oculta (elèe), concealed work.-----desviador, diversion channel. canalizar, to canalize; to channelize,-----dosificador (is), dosing flume. canalizo m, flume, channel; fairway, gut.-----en balcón (M ), bench flume. -----de control, control flume.-----evacuador, spillway channel, wasteway; (irr) -----de evacuación, sluiceway ; (irr) return diteh. return ditch. -----medidor, measuring flume.----- madre (irr) (Pe), main canal. canalón m, flume; gutter, eaves trough; (elee)-----maestro, main canal. gutter; waste pipe; (M ) chute.-----marítimo, ship canal. -----armado o ensamblado (to), box or built-un■ medidor, measuring flume. ---- gutter. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 77. canalón 64 cañería-----garganta, throat flume de . -----cóncavo, in-curve edger.-----de media ladera, bench flume. -----convexo, out-curve edger.■ de Parshall, Parshall flume. ---- -----de acera, curb tool.-----medidor, control or measuring flume. -----de peldaños, step edger.-----suspendido (to), hanging gutter. -----en bisel, bevel edger.canasta/, basket; (hyd) strainer, ----- múltiple (as), gang edger.canastilla/, (M ) bucket; (M ) car of aerial tram­ cantear, to lay on edge; to cut stone; to pitch way. (stone); to edge,canastillo (hid), trashrack. cantera/, quarry.canasto m, basket; (A) small mortar bucket, -----de arena, sand pit.cancagua / (C h), a stiff sandy soil, -----de grava, gravel pit or bank. cáncamo to, eyebolt; bolt. -----de lastre, ballast pit.-----arponado (M ), ragged bolt. ----- de préstamo (ot), borrow pit.-----de quello, shoulder eyebolt. cantería / , stonecutting; quarrying; cut stone,-----de ojo, eyebolt. ashlar masonry; stonecutting yard,-----de remache, rivet ringbolt. cantero m, stonecutter, quarryman; (A) raised cancel to, screen; (CA) partition, area held by curbs, cancha / , yard; level tract of land; airpark; wide cantidad/, quantity. stretch of a river; (U) path, road. -----negativa, minus quantity. -----de almacenaje, store yard. cantil m, cliff. -----de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark. cantilever m, cantilever. -----de equipo (cons), equipment yard. cantimplora / , weep hole. -----de secamiento (dae) (C h), sludge-drying bed. cantina/, commissary store, canteen; saloon. canchal m, deposit of boulders, (M ) moraine, cantizal to, stony ground. canchamina / , yard around a mine shaft, canto m, edge; thickness of a board; ashlar stone; canchaminero m (C h), laborer in a mine yard, pebble, boulder. canchero, yard foreman, ----- , de, on edge. candado m, padlock; latch. -----de corte, cutting edge. -----de aldaba, hasp lock. ----- laminado, rolled edge (steel plate). -----de combinación, combination padlock. -----recortado, sheared edge (steel plate). candela / , flare, torch, ----- rodado, boulder, cobble, pebble. candelera to, support, cradle; stanchion, ■----sin labrar, rough ashlar. - candelón to (R D ), a hardwood, -----vivo, square edge. candencia / , incandescence, cantonera / , curb angle or bar, corner bead, any candente, incandescent, red-hot. piece reinforcing a corner or edge; (Sp) candil (to) de minero, miner’s lamp, angle iron, candileja/, (il) footlight; (rr) fusee, cantorral to, gravelly or stony ground, canecillo to, corbel, bracket, ca ñ a /, shank, handle; shaft; (naut) tiller; cane, canel to (Es), cannel coal, reed; stem, stalk; rod. caney to, small b a y ; (C) bend of a river, ----- brava, bamboo. canga / (A) (B ), a soil containing iron, -----del ancla, shank of an anchor. cangagua / (Col), a soil used for making adobe ----- de azúcar, sugar cane. brick. -----de barrena, drill shank. cangahua / (E c), hardpan. -----de Bengala o de Indias, rattan. cangalla /, mine refuse, tailings, -----de columna, shaft of a column. cangilón to, bucket; (C ol)(V ) rut; (Ec) mudhole; -----de mina, mine gallery. (PR) small waterfall. ----- del timón, tiller. -----basculante, tip bucket. -----de volar, blasting hole. -----de arrastre, dragline bucket. -----dulce o melar, sugar cane. -----de elevador, elevator bucket. ca ñ a d a /, ravine, gorge, gulch; (C )(P R ) brook; -----volquete, dump or contractor’s bucket. (A) inlet, estuary, cangrejo m (mec), any grappling device, (pet) cañadón, canyon, gorge, casing spear, cañahuate m, lignum vitae, canguilón to (Ch), bucket. cañamazo to, burlap; canvas, canilla /, faucet, spigot, bibb, cock; reel, spool. cañamelar m, sugar plantation, -----para manga, hose bibb. cañam iel/, sugar cane. -----surtidora, faucet. cáñamo m, hemp, jute; (CA) hemp cord; (Ec) ca n oa/, flume, trough; launch, canoe; (CA) roof burlap. gutter. -----de calafatear, calking yarn. canon m, list; rate; tax; royalty. -----de empaquetar, hemp packing. -----de arrendamiento, rental rate. - — de las Indias, jute. -----de riego, irrigation rate. -----de Manila, Manila hemp, abaca. cantal to, stony ground; spall, embreado, tarred marline. can talita/ (geol), cantalite. -----trenzado, braided hemp. canteador m, canteadora/, (t) edger; edging saw; cañería /, piping, pipe, conduit; pipework. pitching tool. bridada, flanged pipe. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 78. cañería 65 capacidad----- conductora (pet), line pipe . -----de expansión (cn), expansion trunk.-----corriente, standard pipe. -----de llave, shank of a key.-----de acueducto, water mains. -----de ventilación, air shaft.-----de aducción, supply line, aqueduct. ----- electrónico (ra), electron gun.-----de arcilla vitrificada, sewer pipe, glazed tile -----lanzacemento, cement gun. pipe. -----para tubos (ed), pipe shaft.-----de barra enclavada, Lock-bar pipe (trade­ -----perforador (pet), perforating gun. mark) . cañuela / (vol) (M ), fuse,-----de carga, penstock, force main. ca ob a /, mahogany.-----de conducción (hid), aqueduct, supply line. -----falsa, bastard or false mahogany.-----de duelas de madera, wood-stave pipe. ca ob illa / (C )(P R ), an inferior variety of mahog­----- de entubación (pet), casing pipe. any.-----de fundición, cast-iron pipe. caobo m, mahogany tree,-----de fundición liviana, soil pipe, lightweight caolín m, kaolin, China clay cast-iron pipe. caolínico, kaolinic.•----de hierro centrifugado, centrifugal cast-iron- caolinita / (miner), kaolinite, kaolin, pipe. capa / , layer; stratum; ply; (pt) coat; (mas)-----de hierro forjado legítimo, genuine wrought- course; coat of plaster; (min) seam, vein* iron pipe. (C) slicker, oilskin coat.-----de macho y campana, bell-and-spigot pipe. ----- acuifera, water-bearing stratum, aquifer.-----derivada, branch pipe line. -----aisladora de humedad (A), waterproofing-----extrapesada, extra-heavy pipe. course.-----forzada o de presión, pressure conduit, pen­ -----Appleton (ra), Appleton or F layer. stock. -----azotada (U), scratch coat (plaster).----- maestra o matriz, mains. -----barrera (ra), barrier or blocking layer.-----remachada en espiral, spiral-riveted pipe. -----blanca (yesería), finishing or white or putty-----roscada, screwed pipe. or skin or skim coat.-----sin costura, seamless tubing. -----café (M ), brown coat (plaster).-----surtidora, aqueduct, supply pipe. ----- de acabado, finishing coat; (plaster) white-----universal, Universal cast-iron pipe. or putty coat.cañero m, cañista m, pipeman, plumber, pipe ----- de baldeo (ca), flush seal. fitter, steam fitter, -----de base (ca;, base course.cañito (m) pasador, pipe sleeve, -----de conglomerante (ca)(Ch), binder course.caño m, pipe, conduit; gutter; roof leader; small -----de cubierta (ca), cover stone or coat. stream; (pw) channel; (A) hose; (C) sump, -----de defensa o de desgaste, wearing coat or floor drain, street inlet to a sewer. surface.-----arenero (loco), sand pipe. -----de desgrose (A), scratch coat of plaster.----- aspirante (bm ), suction pipe, (A) suction -----de emparejamiento o de enrase (ca), level­ hose. ing course.-----de absorción (A), perforated well pipe. -----de Heaviside (ra), Heaviside layer, iono­-----de acotamiento, service connection. sphere.----- de alimentación, feed or inlet pipe. -----de imprimación (pint), priming coat.----- de bajada (ed), downspout, leader. -----de ladrillos, course of brick.----- de bridas, flanged pipe. —— de ligazón, binder course.----- de chimenea, stack. -----dé mortero, bed of mortar.----- de desborde, overflow pipe. -----de pega (ca)(V ), tack coat.----- de drenaje, drainpipe, draintile. -----de reflexión (geof), reflecting layer or horizon.----- de expulsión (bin)(A), discharge pipe. -----de rodamiento (ca), wearing surface.----- de impulsión (bm), discharge pipe. -----de sellado (ca), seal or carpet coat.----- de perforación, drill pipe; drive pipe. -----de velocidad (geof), speed or velocity bed.----- de servicio (A )(C ), service connection. ----- F (ra), F or Appleton layer.----- de subida, riser. -----freática, ground water, water table, aquifer.-----de tornillo, screwed or threaded pipe. -----gasífera (pet), gas cap.-----expelente, (eng) exhaust pipe; (pu) dis­ -----pegajosa (ca)(M ), tack coat. charge pipe. -----rayada, scratch coat (plaster).-----pluvial (ed), leader, downspout. -----sellante (ca), seal coat.cañón m, pipe, tube; gorge, canyon; barrel of an -----superficial (ca), surface course. arch; barrel of a gun.; barrel of a hydrant; capá m (PR), a hardwood, (Col) tree trunk; (min) drift, gallery. capacidad/, capacity; (elec) capacitance.-----de ascensor, elevator shaft. -----al ras (ec), struck capacity.-----de caldera, boiler tube. -----asignada, rated capacity.-----de cemento, cement gun. -----colmada (ec), heaped capacity.-----de columna, shaft of a column. -----corporal (ra), body capacitance.— •de chimenea, chimney flue. -----de asiento (m s)(M ), bearing capacity.-----de escalera, stair well. -----de conducción, (hyd) flow capacity; (elec)-----de escobén (cn), hawsepipe. current-carrying capacity. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 79. capacidad 66 característica de ganancia, earning power. ----- de turno, shift boss.• de modulación (elèe), modulation capability. ---- -----de la via, track foreman.— de soporte del terreno, bearing power soil general, general foreman, walking boss. . of ----------directa (ra), straight-line capacitance. caperuza/, pipe cap; hood.-----dispersa (ra), stray capacitance. capialzado m, flashing over door or window. distribuida (ra), distributed capacitance. capilar, capillary. electrostática, permittance, electrostatic ca­ capilaridad/ , capillarity. pacity. capilla / , bonnet, hood, cowl.----- encubridora (pint), hiding power, covering ----- de válvula (mg) (Es), valve chamber. capacity. capillo ra (met), cupel.-----entre electrodos (ra), interelectrode capac­ ----- de prensaestopas (pet), packing gland. itance. capital m, capital (money).-----grilla-placa (ra), grid-plate capacitance. -----activo, working capital; (Ch) capital assets.• inductiva específica (elèe), permittivity, spe­ ---- — ■de explotación, working capital. cific inductive capacity, dielectric constant. -----en giro, working capital.-----interruptora (elèe), interrupting capacity. ----- físico (Ch), capital assets.• parásita (ra), stray capacitance. ---- -----integrado o realizado, paid-up capital.-----portante, carrying capacity, bearing power. ----- pasivo (C h), capital liabilities.-----rebosada (V), heaped capacity. -----social, capital stock.-----térmica, heat or thermal capacity. capital/, capital (city),capacimetro ra (A), capacitance meter, capitalista, s a, capitalist,capacitador ra (elèe), capacitor, condenser. capitalizar, to capitalize,-----compensador (ra), buffer capacitor. capitán m, captain; foreman.-----de acoplamiento, coupling capacitor. ----- de patio, yard foreman.-----de bloqueo, blocking capacitor. ----- del puerto, harbor master, captain o f thecapacitancia / (elèe) (mee), capacitance. port. acústica (ra), acoustic compliance or capac­ capitanía ( /) del puerto, office o f the harbor itance. master.-----de entrada (ra), input capacitance. capitel ra, capital, column head, (conc) column-----de salida (ra), output capacitance. cap.-----interelectródica (ra), interelectrode capac­ capó ra (auto), hood, itance. caporal ra (V ), foreman,-----lineal, straight-line capacitance. capota/, hood; auto top; cowling (airplane),-----propia, self-capacitance. capote ra, hood ; (Col) topsail,-----rejilla-cátado, grid-cathode capacitance. cápsula/, capsule, bottle cap; cartridge shell; lid, rejilla-placa, grid-plate capacitance. cover; (lab) dish.-----vagabunda, stray capacitance. ----- de carbón (tel), carbon button or capsule.capacitivo (elèe), capacitive, ----- de evaporación (lab), evaporating dish.capacitómetro ra, (ra) (A) capacitance meter, (M) ----- detonante, exploder, blasting cap. condenser meter, ----- detonante íe tiempo, delay blasting cap.capacitor ra (elèe), capacitor, condenser. ----- fulminante, blasting cap, exploder. de décadas (ra), decade condenser or capac­ captación/, (hyd) catchment, impounding; diver­ itor. sion; (r)(A) capture; (ra) pickup, de placas ajustables, variable or adjustable captador (ra) de polvo, dust collector, capacitor. captar (hid), to impound, collect; to divert, de placas paralelas, parallel-plate capacitor. captura / (r), capture,-----filtrador (ra), smoothing capacitor. capuchina / (Col), door or window latch,-----regulable, variable capacitor. capuchón ra, (auto) valve cap; (pi) driving cap;capacho ra, bucket; (sh) dipper; brick hod. chimney cap. con descarga por debajo, bottom-dump capulí m (Pe), kind of timber used in mines, bucket. cara / , face ; cheek.-----de elevador, elevator bucket. • ---------- anterior (dib), near side.-----de extracción, mine bucket. • - brillante (cuero), flesh side. —-----de pala, shovel dipper. de campana, bell face (hammer). de tiro, dipper of a pullshovel or trench hoe. — de la flor o de pelo (cuero), hair or grain-----de torre (cone), tower bucket. side.-----pesador, weighing bucket. de la raíz (sol), shoulder, root face. tipo cáscara de naranja (Ch), orange-peel de rueda, tread of a wheel. bucket, posterior (dib), far side.caparrosa/, copperas, caracol ra, spiral; (turb) scroll case; (A) wormcapataz m, foreman. gear.-----de brigada, squad boss. característica / (mee) (elèe) (mat), characteristic.-----de carpinteros, foreman carpenter. anòdica (ra), plate characteristic. del desencofrado (m o), stripping foreman. ------ de desprendimiento (ra), emission character­-----del patio, yard foreman. istic.-----del tramo (fc), section foreman. de grilla (ra), grid characteristic. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 80. característica 67 cardànico -----traspaso (ra), transfer characteristic de . carbonilla/, fine coal, pulverized coal; cinder, caramero m (V), drift carried by a flood, carbonita / (miner) (voi), carbonite. carato (m) de cemento (V), cement grout, carbonizador to, carbonizer. carátula / (M ), dial of an instrument, carbonizar, to carbonize; to char, carbodinamita / (vol), carbodynamite. carbono m, (chem) carbon. carbohidrato m (is), carbohydrate, -----de temple (m et), temper carbon. carbohidrógeno m, carbohydrogen. carbonómetro to, carbonometer. carbólico, carbolic. carbonoso, carbonaceous, carbolineo m, carbolineum (wood preservative), carborundo m, carborundum (abrasive), carbolita / (abrasivo), Carbolite (trademark), carburación/, carburetion, carburizing. carbolónm (abrasivo), Carbolon (trademark), ----- doble, dual carburetion. carbón m, coal; charcoal; carbon. ----- por agente sòlido (met), pack carburizing. activado (pa), activated carbon. ----- por pulverización, spray carburetion. aglomerante o aglutinante, caking coal. carburador m, carburetor. ----- animal, bone charcoal, bone black. ----- a succión ascendente, updraft carburetor. antracitoso, anthracite. ----- de barboteo (Es), surface carburetor. bituminoso, bituminous coal. -----de corriente descendente, downdraft car­----- brillante, glance coal. buretor.----- conglomerante, caking coal. -----de chorro, spray carburetor.----- de ampelita o de bujía, cannel coal. -----de evaporación, surface carburetor.----- de astilla, splint coal. -----de flotador, float-feed or constant-level car­ -----de forja o de fragua, blacksmith coal. buretor.----- de gas (V), gas carbon. ----- de inyector, jet or injection carburetor. de huesos, animal charcoal, bone black. ----- de pico compuesto, compound carburetor. de leña o de madera, charcoal. ----- de pulverizador, spray carburetor.• ---------- de llama corta, smokeless or hard coal. ----- de surtidor (Es), spray carburetor. ■--- de llama larga, soft coal. - -----de tiro descendente, downdraft carburetor.----- de piedra, coal. carburante to, carburetant.----- de retorta, gas carbon. carburar, to carburize, carburet.----- entrozado (M ), broken coal. carburizador 7n, carburizer.■ ■graso, bituminous or soft or gas coal. — carburizar, to carburize, caseharden; to carburet. lustroso, pitch coal. carburo to, carbide. mate, cannel coal. ----- cementado, cemented carbide. mineral, coal. ----- de hierro, iron carbide, cementite. ■ •no aglutinante, noncaking or free-burning coal. ---- ----- de silicio, silicon carbide, carborundum. para calderas, steam coal. carburómetro to, carburometer. pezoso, pitch coal. cárcamo to, sump; wheel pit; (min) drain; (min) seco, dry or nonvolatile coal. flume. ■ semigraso, semibituminous coal. ---- -----de succión, suction pit. tal como sale, run-of-mine coal. carcasa/, casing; framework. vegetal, charcoal. -----de motor (elèe), motor frame.carbonación/ (pa)(Pe), carbonation. ----- espiral (turb), scroll case.carbonado to, carbon or black diamond, cárcava / , gully, ditch, gutter,carbonatación / , carbonation. carcavón to (top), gorge,carbonatador m, carbonator. carcaxm (M ), carcass (tire),carbonatar, to carbonate. c á rce l/, clamp, cramp; vise; (hyd) gate groove;carbonato m, carbonate. timber frame in a shaft; notch, (min) hitch;----- ácido de sodio, acid sodium carbonate, bi­ (il) cárcel. carbonate of soda. ----- de banco, bench vise. ■ ---------- amónico, ammonium carbonate. ---- -----para sierra, saw clamp.----- de calcio, calcium carbonate, carbonate of -----para taladradora, drill or jig vise. lime. cárcel-hora (il), carcel-hour.-— ■magnésico, magnesium carbonate, (miner) carcom a/, wood borer, timber worm; dust made magnesite. b y the borer.----- sódico anhidro, soda ash, anhydrous sodium ----- blanca (m ad), white rot. carbonate, -----roja (mad), red rot.carboncillo to, fine coal, slack, carcomerse, to become worm-eaten; to decay; tocarbonear, to char, carbonize; to load coal, be undermined,ca rb on era /, coalbin; coal mine; (bl)(A) coyote carcomida / , decay; corrosion; (conc) honey­ hole. comb.carbonería/, coalyard. carcomido m, (Pe) wormhole; a worm-eaten,carbonero rn, coal miner; coaldealer; coal han­ (lbr) worm y; corroded; decayed; honey­ dler; a pertaining to coal, combed.carbónico, carbonic. carda (/) para limas, file card or brush,carbonífero, coal-bearing, carboniferous; coal- cardán, Cardan (joint), carrying. cardànico, Cardarne. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 81. cardenillo 68 cargocardenillo m, verdigris, -----específica, unit load.cardiar (V), to ream, ■ -estática, (hyd) static head;, (str) static orcardinal (mat), cardinal, dead load.carear, to face, smooth up; to mill, ----- explosiva, blasting charge.carena /, ship repair, careening; ship’s bottom, ----- fraccionada (est), partial loading.carenaje m, ship repair; careenage, ----- fundamental (elèe), base load.carenar, to careen; to repair a ship, to dock----- hidráulica, head. for repairs . ----- inductiva (eléc), inductive or lagging load.carenero m, dockyard, shipyard; graving dock. ----- límite, safe or allowable load.Carenote to (en), bilge keel, rolling chock, ----- muerta (est), dead load.careta / , mask, face shield. ----- neta (an), cargo dead-weight tonnage.-----antigás, gas mask. ----- pagada, pay load.-----de soldador, welding mask, face shield. ----- permanente (est), dead load.carga / , load, loading; freight, cargo, lading; — - plena, full load. (hyd) head; (conc) charge, batch; (elec) ----- por lotes, less-than-carload freight. charge, load; (met) heat, charge; (ra) load­ ----- por vagones, carload freight. ing. ----- presumida o prevista o supuesta, assumed-----a granel, bulk cargo. loading, design load.-----absoluta (hid), absolute head. -----propia (est), dead load.-----accidental, live load. ----- remanente, residual charge, electric residue.-----admisible, allowable load. ----- rodante, moving or rolling load.-----alar (ap) (A ), wing loading. ----- tipo (est), standard loading.-----bruta (an), dead-weight tonnage. ----- transversal (est), beam loading.-----conectada (eléc), connected load. ----- útil, pay or useful load; live load.-----de altura (hid), elevation head. — viva, live load,-----de arranque en frío (cf), pickup load, warm­ cargada / , a load. ing-up allowance. cargadero m, loading platform; freight station;-----de aspiración (bm ), suction head. charging opening,-----de atraque (vol)(A ), stemming, tamping. cargado sobre vagón, loaded on cars, FOB (free-----de barreno, blasting charge. on board).-----de buque, cargo. cargador to, loader; mucking machine; mucker-----de calefacción (aa), heat load. (man); (bo) stoker; (elec) charger; shipper,-----de camión, truckload. freighter.-----de carro, wagonload; carload. -----a parrilla articulada (cal), chain-grate or-----de cucharón, bucketful; (sh) dipperful. link-grate stoker.-----de descarga (bm), discharge head. -----autoalimentador, force-feed loader.-----de energía (hid), energy-head. de acumuladores o de baterías, battery-----de enfriamiento (aa), cooling load. charger.-----de ensayo, test load. de alimentación superior (cal), overfeed -----de entrada (hid), entrance head. stoker.-----de faja (ms), strip load. de cadena sin fin (cal), chain-grate stoker. -----de flexión (est), beam loading. ■ ■ cangilones o de cubos, bucket loader, — de -----de fractura, breaking load. portable elevator. ----- de fricción (hid), friction head. ----- de carbón (cal), stoker. -----de funcionamiento (hid), operating head. ----- de hogar, mechanical stoker. -----de hormigonera, batch of concrete. ----- de hormigonera (mz), skip loader. -----de llegada (hid), head of approach, velocity ----- de mandil, apron loader. head. -----de parrilla corrediza (cal), traveling-grate -----de ocupación (aa), occupancy load. stoker. -----de presión (hid), pressure head. ----- de retorta lateral (cal), side-retort stoker. -----de prueba, test load, trial load. ----- de retorta única (cal), single-retort stoker. -----de punta, (str) column loading; (elec)(A) ----- de retortas múltiples (cal), multiple-retort peak load. stoker. -----de rotura, breaking or rupture load. ----- de tractor (ec), tractor shovel; tractor loader. -----de rueda, wheel load. ----- distribuidor o esparcidor, spreader stoker. -----de seguridad, safe load. ----- por debajo, underfeed stoker. ——de servicio o de trabajo, working load. -----portátil, wagon loader, portable conveyor. -----de succión (bm ), suction head. ----- sacudidor (mz), shaking skip loader. -----de utensilios (aa), appliance load. cargadora / , any loading or stoking apparatus. -----de vacío (hid), vacuum head. ----- de troncos (ef), logger. -----de velocidad (hid), velocity or dynamic ----- de túnel, tunnel shovel, mucking machine. head. cargamento to, load, cargo, loading, -----dinámica, moving load; dynamic head. cargar, to load; to charge; to stoke; (act) to -----efectiva, (hyd) effective or net head; (tr) debit, charge, pay load. cargo to, cargo, freight; office, position; (act) -----espacial (ra), space charge. charge. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 82. cargómetro 69 carreterocargómetro m, Loadometer (trademark), -----del distribuidor (m v), valve travel.cargueo m ( h), loading. C -----del émbolo, piston stroke or travel.carguero to, carrier; beast of burden; loader, -----de encendido, (eng) ignition or working charger; (A) cargo boat, stroke.carguío to, cargo, load, -----de erogación (bm )(A ), delivery stroke.cariado, disintegrated, rotten, -----de escape, (eng) exhaust stroke.caries (f) seca, dry rot. -----de la excéntrica, throw of the eccentric.carleta/, (t) file, -----de expulsión, exhaust stroke, (di) scaveng­carlinga / (cn), mast step. ing stroke.carnalita /, carnallite (ore of magnesium and -----de filtración (pa) (U), filter run. potassium), -----de fondo, groundsill.carneta/ (AC), notebook, field book, ----- de fuerza, power stroke.carpa/, tent; (Ch) tarpaulin, -----de ladrillos, course of brick.carpanel, see arco carpanel. ----- de la leva, lift of the cam.carpero m (lev) (E c), man who looks after tents, -----de la marea, range of the tide.carpeta/, coating; pavement; (U )(M ) slab. -----del martinete, drop of a pile hammer,----- asfáltica, sheet asphalt. -----de pared (carp), wall plate.----- bituminosa (ca), skin, coat of bituminous ----- de retroceso, back stroke. material. ----- de soga (lad), stretcher course.-----de desgaste, wearing surface. -----de techo, ceiling joist.----- de fundación, foundation slab or mat. -----de tizones (lad), header course.carpintear, to do carpenter work, -----de trabajo, working stroke (piston).carpintería/, carpentry; carpenter shop. -----descendente, down stroke.— — vapor (A), shop carpentry. A -----motriz, (eng) working or power stroke.-----de armar (Y), structural carpentry. -----portacabio (to), binding rafter.----- de bianco, trim, millwork. carrero to, teamster, truckman; operator of a----- de encofrado, form carpentry; form carpen­ handcar, ter shop. carreta /, cart, wagon.----- de modelos, patternmaking. ----- de remolque, trailer.----- de obra, structural carpentry. -----volquete, dumpcart.----- de taller, shop carpentry, millwork. carretada/, cartload, wagonload,----- mecánica, millwork; mill, carpenter shop. carretaje m, cartage, drayage.----- metálica, light ironwork in a building, espe­ carretal m (Es), rough ashlar stone, cially doors and windows. carrete to, reel, coil; spool; (elec) coil.----- naval, ship carpentry. -----de autoinducción (eléc), self-induction coil.carpintero to, carpenter. -----de encendido (auto), ignition coil.----- ademador, timberman. -----de inducción (eléc), induction coil.-----armador, erecting carpenter, framer. ----- de película (fma), film spool. -----de banco, shop carpenter. -----de resistencia (eléc), resistance coil.•----de buque o de navio o de ribera, shipwright, - ----- en derivación (eléc), shunt coil, (inst) poten­ ship carpenter. tial coil.----- de carreta o de prieto, wheelwright. -----excitador (eléc), exciting coil.----- encofrador o de moldaje, form carpenter. ----- extintor de chispas (eléc), blowout coil.----- maestro, foreman or master carpenter. ----- inducido (eléc), armature coil.----- modelador, patternmaker. ----- inductor, induction coil. carraca / , ratchet brace, ratchet. ----- terminal (ais), dead-end spool.----- estiradora de alambres, fence ratchet. carreteable (ca), fit for hauling, carrada / (Es), carload; wagonload, carretear, to cart, haul; (ap) to taxi, carrasca / , carrasco m, pin oak, swamp white carretel to, reel, spool; winch head, (pet) cathead, oak; woodland, carreteo to (ap), taxiing, carrascal to, woodland; (Col) gravel bed. carretera/, highway, road. carrera / , strongback, waler, stringer, ranger; -----biviaria, two-lane highway. (Col) girder; (carp) wall plate, sill; purlin; -----cuadriviaria, four-lane highway. girt; highway; (Col) avenue; (machy) -----de acceso, access road. stroke, throw, travel; (mas) course; (dock) -----de accesos limitados, limited-access hign- stringpiece, backing log. way, freeway. ----- al aterrizar (ap), landing run. -----de cuatro vías, four-lane highway. ----- ascendente, upstroke (piston). -----de dos trochas, two-lane highway. ----- de admisión, (eng) admission or intake -----de trochas múltiples, multilane highway. stroke. -----de vía libre, express highway. ----- de aspiración, (eng) suction stroke. -----expresa, through or express highway, free­ ----- de barrido (di), scavenging stroke. way. ----- de compresión, (eng) compression stroke. -----matriz o troncal, main or through highway. ----- de la compuerta (hid), gate travel. carretera-parque (B), parkway, -----de defensa (muelle), fender. carretería/, wagon shop; wheelwright work, — de descarga (bm), delivery stroke. carretero to, truckman, teamster; wheelwright. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 83. carretilla 70 carro carretilla/, wheelbarrow; small car; hand truck; -----partido (tranvía), slot rail. tramway bucket; cableway carriage; ----- único, monorail. (rr) truck; trolley; (A)( U ) small wagon; (lg) -----Vignola, T rail, standard railroad rail. bummer, skidder, dolly, drag cart. carriles de oruga, crawler tread, -----a horcada, straddle truck. carriles para recolocación, relayers, -----alzadora, lift truck. carrilada/, flange way; treadway. -----concreterà, concrete barrow. carrilano to (Ch), worker on a railroad, track­ -----corrediza, I-beam trolley; cableway carriage. man. -----de atrás (loco), trailing truck. carrileo m (V), scraping a road to fill ruts, -----de cuerpo de acero, steel-tray wheelbarrow. carrilera/, track; rut; (rr)(C) siding; (Col) grat­ -----de equipaje, baggage truck. ing; (tc) track, -----de mano, hand or warehouse truck. de carena, track of a marine railway. -----de riel (fc), pony car. -----de grúa, crane runway. -----de suspensión, cableway carriage. -----de oruga, crawler tread. -----de vía (fc), track barrow. ----- de transbordador, runway of a transfer table. -----eléctrica (voi), electric squib. ----- decauville, narrow-gage track. -----elevadora, lift truck. -----industrial, industrial railway. -----pesadora, weigh larry. carrilero to (Ch), railroad worker, -----portante (fc), pony truck. carrillo m, small cart; tackle block; I-beam trol­ -----portatubos (pet), casing wagon. ley; (Sp) sheave, pulley. -----tubular, tubular-frame wheelbarrow. -----de contacto (fc eléc), contact plow. carretillada / , wheelbarrow load, ca rriola / (Col), purlin. darretillero m, wheelbarrow man; (min) trammer, carrito m, small car; concrete buggy; cableway carreto m (C ol)(V ), a hardwood, carriage; sliding-door hanger; traveler, carretón m, wagon, cart, truck; (PR) reel; (M ) trolley; (lg) bummer, dolly, skidder; (ea) concrete buggy. (V) scraper, -----corredizo, cableway carriage. cargador (ef), loading carriage, -----cuba, tank wagon. corredizo, cableway carriage; lathe carriage; -----de carriles o de orugas, track or crawler traveler, trolley; (lg) skidding carriage. wagon. ----- de cigüeña, small car moved by hand power. -----de remolque, trailer. ----- de mano, handcar. -----de volteo, dumpcart, dump wagon. 1 -----para ruedas, wheel dolly. -----herramental, tool wagon. ----- portador (m h), lathe carriage. -----regador, sprinkling wagon. carro to, car; wagon, truck, cart; automobile. -----semicarril, half-track. ----- aguatero, watering cart. -----tanque, tank wagon. andamio (fc eléc), tower car. carretonada/, wagonload, truckload, cartload, -----automotor (fc), motorcar. carretonaje m, cartage, trucking, hauling, ----- barrenador, drill carriage; wagon drill. carretonero m, truck or cart driver, teamster, -----basculador, dump car. carricuba to, sprinkling cart, tank wagon, ---- - basurero, garbage car; trash car. carril to, rail; track, traffic lane; treadway; nar­ -----bodega (Ch), boxcar. row road; (V) rut. ----- caja (M ), boxcar. -----a garganta, grooved or streetcar rail. -----calichera (C h), nitrate car. -----americano, T rail. -----carbonero, coal car. conductor, third rail, contact or conductor ----- cargador, charging carriage. rail. -----cerrado, boxcar. -----contraaguja, stock rail. ----- correo, mail car. -----de aguja, switch or point rail. ----- cuba, tank car; tank wagon. -— de alambre, aerial tramway. de aparejo o de auxilio, wrecking or derrick ■ -----de alivio (fc), easer rail. car. -----de arranque (fc), lead rail. -----de aserradero, sawmill carriage. -----de báscula, weigh rail. ----- de cajón, boxcar; (C) gondola car. -----de cambio, switch rail. -----de carga, freight car. -----de canal, grooved or streetcar rail. -----de costado bajable, drop-side car.-----de cremallera, rack rail. ----- de despejo, clearance car.-----de desecho, scrap rail. -----de dos vertientes, gable-bottom car.-----de hongo o de patin, T rail, standard railroad de embudo (C), hopper-bottom car. rail. -----de equipajes, baggage car.-----de muelle, spring rail (frog). ■-----de escalera (A), tower car (elec rr).-----de puerta corrediza, track for sliding door. ----- de expreso, express car.-----de ranura, grooved or streetcar rail. -----de extracción, mine car.-----de toma, third or conductor rail. de grúa, wrecking or derrick car; crane truck.-----dentado, rack rail. ----- de hacienda (A), cattle car.-----doble T, girder rail. de herramientas, tool car; tool wagon.-----guía, guardrail. -----de mangueras, hose cart.-----maestro, stock or running rail. ----- de mano, handcar, push car. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 84. carro 71 carupal de perforadoras, drill carriage, jumbo — de pago, receipt. . ----- de plancha (C), flatcar. -----de porte, freight bill; bill of lading; (A) way­ -----de plataforma, flatcar. bill. -----de remolque, trailer. -----de privilegio, franchise, concession. ----- de riego, sprinkling cart. -----de venta, bill of sale. ----- de socorro, wrecking car. ----- dinamométrica, dynamometer card. ----- de taladros, drill carriage. ----- diurna (tel), day letter. -----de tolva, hopper-bottom car. -----geográfica, map. -----de torno, lathe carriage. geográfica aérea, aerocartograph. de torre (fe elóc), tower car. -----hidrográfica, chart. ----- de trampas, drop-bottom car. -----magnética, magnetic chart. ----- de traslación, transfer car or carriage. ----- marina (A), chart. ----- de volteo, dump car. -----nocturna (tel), night letter. ----- de vuelco, dump car; tip cart. planialtimétrica (A ), contour map. ----- decauville, narrow-gage dump car. cartabón m, square; rule; gage; (dwg) triangle; dormitorio (M ), sleeping car. (str) gusset plate; peak of a roof; (A) splay, ----- elevador, lift truck. con transportador, protractor triangle. ----- entero, por, in carload lots. -----corredizo, slide caliper. ----- estafeta, mail car. ----- de inglete, bevel square. ganadero, cattle car, stockcar. -----de profundidad, depth gage. ----- gondola, gondola car. ----- de rotulación (dib), lettering angle. -----herramental, tool car. dilatable (Es), bevel protractor; protractoi -----inferior, undercarriage. triangle, ----- lastrero (Ch), ballast car. para madera (A ), board rule, ----- motor (fc), motorcar. cartabonear (A), to work with a square, ----- nevera, refrigerator car. cartán m (V), a hardwood, ----- pagador, pay car. cartela / , bracket, corbel, console, bolster; knee ----- para trozos, sawmill carriage. brace, gusset. -----petrolero (Ch), tank car. -----aguantadora (cn), toe bracket. • -----pipa, water cart. atiesadora (cn), tilting bracket; stiffen « ----- piano, flatcar. bracket; tangency bracket. portaherr amienta (mh), tool carriage, tool- - y de tangencia (cn), tangency bracket, slide. cárter m, housing, casing, cover. ----- portasierras (as), saw carriage. -----del diferencial (auto), differential case. ----- raso, flatcar. de engranajes (auto), gearbox. ----- reja, cattle car. -----del motor (auto), crankcase. -----salitrero (Ch), nitrate car. cartera /, (Col) notebook, field book, -----salón, chair car. cartografía / , cartography. -----separador, idler car. aérea, aerial photographic surveying, air­ ■-----tanque, tank car; water cart. plane mapping, ----- trailla (ec), wagon scrapcr. cartografiar, to survey, make maps, -----transversal (mh), cross carriage. cartográfico, cartographic, -----tranvía o urbano, streetcar. cartógrafo m, cartographer, ----- volcador, dump car; dump wagon. cartómetro m, chartometer. carro-montacargas, lift truck, carton in, cardboard, millboard, heavy paper; carro-soporte, lathe saddle, (M) gusset plate, bracket. carros completos, por, in carload lots, -----alquitranado, tar paper. carrocería /, automobile body (not usually ap­ -----comprimido o de Fuller, pressboard, Fuller plied to trucks); (M) truck body. board. ----- de turismo, touring-car body. de asbesto, asbestos board. -----de volteo (M ), dump body. -----de bagazo, celotex. -----transformable, convertible body. -----de fibra, fiberboard. carrocero m (Es), wheelwright, ----- de paja, strawboard. carrosage m (auto), inclination of the front» de yeso, plasterboard, wallboard. wheels. -----embetunado, tar paper. carroza / (cn), companion, companion head, fieltro (U), roofing paper or felt. carruaje m, any kind of vehicle, -----piedra, papier-máché.carrucha / (AC), reel; sheave, pulley, -----tabla (C), wallboard.ca rta/, chart, map; letter, document. ca rtoteca / (V), map file,----- caminera (Ch), road map. cartucho m, cartridge.----- certificada, registered letter. de dinamita, dynamite cartridge,----- colorimetrica (lab), color chart. de fusible (eléc), fuse cartridge, constitucional, incorporation papers, charter«^ filtrante, filter cartridge.-----de ciudadanía, naturalization papers. -----fusible (eléc), cartridge fuse.----- de crédito simple, clean letter of credit. cartulina / , Bristol board,• de fletamento, charter party.— carupal m, a Venezuelan lumber. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 85. casa 72 castilletecasa / , house; firm . casillero m, rack (for pipe, e tc.); (C) bin.-----central, main or home office. casim ba/, well; spring,-----constructora, construction company. casiterita/, cassiterite (tin ore),.— de azotea, penthouse. caso (m) fortuito, force majeure, contingency, de bombas, pump house. act of God. de calderas, boilerhouse. casquete m, cap; shell; helmet.-----de cambio, money-exchange office. -----de burbujeo (pet), bubble cap. de cartas (cn), chart house. ■ del cabezal (torno), headstock cap. ----------de comando, control house. ----- de espiga (ca), dowel-bar cap.-----del comando (cn), bridge house. ----- de hincar (pi), drive cap. -----de comercio, business concern. ----- de soldador, welding helmet. -----de las compuertas (hid), gatehouse. ----- de tubo, pipe cap. ■--- de departamentos, apartment house. - ----- de unión (vá), union bonnet. ■ de distribución (eléc), switch house. — ----- de la válvula, valve bonnet. — de fuerza, powerhouse. -----guardahumo, smoke helmet. -----de liquidación, clearinghouse. -----sellador (vá), seal cap. ----- de máquinas, enginehouse; powerhouse. casquijo m, gravel, gravel bar. de los molinos (az), mill house. casquillo m, ferrule; gland; sleeve, bushing; de los tachos (az), boiling house. socket; pipe cap; base of an incandescent -de tramo (fc), section house. lamp; horseshoe; (min) blasting cap, ex­ -----matriz, main office. ploder. -----redonda (fc) (M ), roundhouse. ----- abierto (cab), open socket. cascada / , waterfall, cascade. ----- acuñado (cab), wedge socket. cascadas (C), rapids. ----- cerrado (cab), closed socket. cascajal, cascajar m, gravel pit or bed. ----- conectador (eléc), hickey. cascajero m, gravel b ed; worked-out mine. ----- del alma (sx), core barrel. cascajo m, gravel; quarry waste; (rr) ballast; ■ de bayoneta, bayonet-socket base (lamp). ---- (sd) grit; (A) rubble aggregate, cobbles, ----- de boca cuadrada, square-drive socket. cascajoso, gravelly, -----de calafateo (tub), calking ferrule. cáscara/, casing, shell; bark. ----- de doce estrías, twelve-point socket. -----de naranja, (bu) orange peel. ----- de empaque, packing follower. cascarón m, shell, casing; (ar) vault; (A) deposit ----- de guía (mh), guide bushing. of scale. -----de motón, coak. casco m, shell, casing; cask; (naut) hull; (V) ----- de ocho estrías, eight-point socket. central part of a city. — - de prensaestopa, gland. -----de buzo, diver’s helmet. ----- de puente (cab), bridge socket. -----de caldera, shell of a boiler. ----- de rosea, screw base (lamp). -----de cojinete, bearing shell. ----- de soldar (tub), soldering bushing, sweating -----del radiador (auto), radiator shell. thimble. -----de soldador, welding helmet, head shield. ----- de tubo-conducto (eléc), conduit bushing. cascote to, debris, rubbish; rubble; (A) brickbat; ---- - deslizante, slip bushing. (exc) muck, -----destornillador, screwdriver socket. cascotear (C ol), to level up with rubbish, ----- escalonado (cab), stepped socket. caseoso (ms) (M ), compressible, easily deformed, ----- escariador, reaming shell (drill). caseta/, small building; cabin; (tk)(sh) cab. ----- estriado, (t) socket. -----de balanza, scale house, weighhouse. -----flotante, floating bushing. -----de cabezal (min), head house. ----- para cabilla (ca), dowel socket. -----de control (eléc), switch house. •-----partido, split bushing. -----de guardaagujas (fc), switchman’ s shanty. -----por soldar (tub), welding neck; stub end. -----del guardacrucero (fc), crossing watchman’s -----reductor, pipe bushing. shanty. -----universal, universal socket. -----de mando, control house. casquillos (fc), car brasses, -----de mando de compuertas (hid), gatehouse. castañeteo m (herr), chatter, -----herramental, tool house. castaño m, chestnut wood, -----telefónica, telephone booth. castañuela / , lewis; lewis bolt; stone bolt, split casetón m (ds)(M ), caisson gate, bolt; (naut) cleat. casilla / , small building, shed; privy; post-office ----- de cantera, lewis. box; (loco) cab; (elec) cubicle; cabinet; castillejo m, scaffolding, trestlework; pedestal; (Ec) water closet; (Sp) column in a note­ bed frame. book. castillete m, scaffold; trestle bent; A frame; -----de aceites, oil house. horse; pile-driver leads; gallows frame; oil -----del cambiador (fc), switchman’s shanty. derrick; (min) headframe. -----de compuertas (hid), gatehouse. ----- armado, framed bent. -----de correo, post-office box. ------ de cablevia, cableway tower. -----de herramientas, tool house. -----de pilotes, pile bent. ■ del maquinista (loco), cab. — -----de transmisión, transmission tower. www.FreeLibros.com
  • 86. castillete 73 cebo----- provisorio (pte), falsework . cauchotar, to treat with rubber,castillo m, (min) headframe; (sb) forecastle. caudal ra, volume of flow.-----de popa (en), poop deck. -----afluente, runoff, inflow.-----de proa (en), forecastle. -----crítico, critical flow.castina / , flux, -----de avenida, flood flow.casucha/, shanty; (sh) cab. -----de estiaje, low-water flow.¿a ta /, test pit; testing, test boring, exploration, ----- graduado o regularizado, regulated flow.cataclástico (geol), cataclastic. -----instantáneo, momentary flow.catadora /, earth auger, any tool for exploring -----medio, mean flow. the ground, -----sólido, material in suspension in a stream.catalejo m, telescope, -----subcritico, streaming flow.catalina / (Es)(C), sprocket, gear wheel, -----supercritico, shooting or supercritical flow.catálisis / (quim), catalysis, caudaloso, of great volume, running full, in floodcatalítico, catalytic. causticador ra, causticizer.catalizador m, catalyst, catalytic agent. causticar, to causticize.----- de lecho fijo (pet), flxed-bed catalyst. cáustico, caustic (all senses).----- usado, spent catalyst. cautil ra (AC), soldering iron.catalizar, to catalize. cautín ra, soldering iron.catálogo m, catalogue, cava /, pit, excavation.ca ta lp a / (mad), catalpa. cavadizo, easily excavated.catar, to explore the ground, dig test pits; to cavador ra, excavator. sample. -----de agujeros de postes, (t) posthole digger.catarata/, waterfall, cataract; (se) cataract. -----de zanjas, trench machine, ditcher.Catarina/ (M ), sprocket. cavadora/, excavator.catarocas /(g e o l)(A ), cataclastic rocks, -----cargadora, elevating grader.catastral, cadastral. -----de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade.catastro ra, inventory of real estate in a district; -----de capachos, bucket excavator. census, cadastre, ----- de desagües, drainage ditcher.cateador m, prospector; sampler, trier, cavadura/, excavation, digging,catear, to make borings, explore the ground, cavar, to excavate, dig. prospect; to sample, cavazanjas, máquina, trench machine,catenaria/, catenary. cavazón / (Es), excavation,-----hidrostática, hydrostatic catenary, elastica. cavén ra, a Chilean hardwood,cateo m, prospecting, exploration; sampling. caverna / , cavern, hollow.cateto m, leg of a right triangle. cavernoso, full of cavities, porous, containingcatetómetro m (lab), cathetometer. voids.catetrón m (ra), cathetron. caveto ra, quarter-round concave molding.catiguá m, an Argentine wood (semihard). cavidad/, cavity.cation m (eléc), cation, kation. cavitación/, cavitation.catidnico, cationic. cayo ra, small island, cay, key; shoal.catódico, cathodic. caz ra, flume, canal, race.cátodo m (eléc), cathode. -----de descarga, tailrace.-----a calefacción directa, directly heated cathode. -----de traída, headrace.----- de calentamiento indirecto, indirectly heated -----vertedor, spillway channel. or equipotential cathode. cazaclavos ra, nail puller, claw bar.•----de charco (de mercurio), pool-type cathode. - cazadera/, (min) hitch,-----virtual (ra), virtual cathode. cazangueo ra (M ), clearing land,catodógrafo m, cathodograph, radiograph, cazarremaches ra, rivet set or snap,catolito ra (eléc), catholyte. cazo ra, ladle, bucket, dipper.catóptrico, catoptric (light), -----de cola, gluepot.catraca / (A), ratchet, -----de colada, pouring or charging ladle.cauce m, channel, river bed. -----de fundidor, casting ladle.-----de alivio, floodway. -----para asfalto, asphalt dipper.-----de derivación, diversion channel. cazoleta /, bucket of a turbine; pan; dolly; (Sp)----- de escape, tailrace. water-closet bowl.-----de evacuación, spillway channel. -----del diferencial (auto), housing of the differ­-----de llegada, headrace. ential,----- libre, open channel. cazonete ra, toggle. caución /, security, guaranty. cebadero ra, opening for charging a furnace,----- de licitador, bid security. cebador ra, (auto) priming cup; choke; (pu) caucionar, to bond (employee), primer, caucho ra, rubber; (V) automobile tire. cebadura /, priming.-----endurecido, hard rubber. cebar, (bl) to prime; (pu) to prime; (bo) to feed,----- regenerado, reclaimed rubber. charge; cebarse (vol)(M ), to misfire,----- silvestre, native or wild rubber. cebo ra, (bl)’ primer, fuse; (rd) binder; (bo) cauchotado (A), rubberized, waterproofed. charge. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 87. cebo 74 central-----gelatìna (voi), gelatin . de primer ----- de alto hom o, slag cement.-----eléctrico, exploder. -----de bajo calor, low-heat cement.-----fulminante, blasting cap, exploder. -----de calor moderado de fraguado, moderate------retardado, delay blasting cap. heat-of-hardening cement.cebolla / (bm), strainer for footvalve. -----de empizarrar, slater’s cement.cedazo to, screen, sieve, strainer, riddle. ----- de escoria, slag cement.-----corredizo, traveling screen. — - de fraguado lento, slow-setting cement.-----de arrastre, drag screen. -----de fraguado rápido, quick-setting or high------de banda, band screen. early-strength cement.-----de disco, disk screen. ----- de goma, rubber cement.-----giratorio, revolving screen. -----de sílice, silica cement.-----para peces (hid), fish screen. — modificado, modified cement.-----sacudidor, shaking screen. ----- natural, natural cement.-----vibrante, vibrating screen. ----- para empaquetadura, gasket cement.ceder, to yield, give way, fail; to assign, -----para pisos de vidrio, vault-light cement.cedro to, cedar. -----plástico para techos, roofing cement.céd u la /, certificate, official document; schedule; ----- Portland, Portland cement. (fin) (A) bond. -----puzolánico, pozzolanic cement.-----de cambio, bill of exchange. -----reforzado (Col), reinforced concrete.-----de investigación (tr), tracer. -----refractario, high-temperature or refractory-----hipotecaria (A ), mortgage bond. cement.cegar, to wall up; to plug, stop up. — -resistente a los sulfatos, sulphate-resistingcegesimal o, centimeter-gram-second. cement.ceiba / , ceibo to, tropical tree that yields kapok. -----romano (Es), natural cement.c e ja /, flange; (M ) tire bead; (C) trail, path. ----- sin arena, neat cement.celador m, watchman; maintenance man. ----- suelto, bulk or loose cement.celaje m (Es), skylight; transom. cementoso, cementitious.celda /, cell ; bin. cenagal m, swamp,-----de batería (A ), battery cell. cenagoso, swampy,■ de energía, (eng) energy cell.---- cenicero m, ashpan, ashpit,-----fotoeléctrica, photoelectric cell. cenit to, zenith,celita /, (ct) (conc admixture) cellite. cenital, zenithal,ce lo id in a / (fma), celloidin. cen iza /, ash.celosía / , (str) latticing, lacing; window blind, ----- de soda, soda ash, anhydrous sodium car­ lattice. bonate,-----de ventilación, louver. cenizal m, ashpit, ash dump,célu la /, cell; cubicle. cenizas, ashes, cinders.-----fotoeléctrica (A ), photoelectric cell, photo­ ----- de plomo, litharge, lead ash. cell. ----- volcánicas, volcanic ash.-----fotoemisora, phototube. centelleo to (ra), flicker,-----talofido (ra), thalofide cell. centesimal, centesimal,celular, cellular, centésimo to a, hundredth,celuloide to, celluloid, centiárea / , centiare, centare.celulosa /, cellulose, centibara/, centibar,celulósico, cellulosic. centígrado, centigrade,celuloso a, cellular. centigramo m, centigram,cementación / (mam)(met), cementation, centilitro to, centiliter.cementador m (pet), cementer, cementing outfit, centimetrado (A), dividedintocentimeters(tape). cementadora /, (Sp) cement gun; (pet)(Ec) centímetro to, centimeter, cementing equipment, centinormal, centinormal. cementar, to cement; to carburize, caseharden. centipoise, centipoise. cementerò a, pertaining to cement, centner m, centner. cementista m, cemeiit worker, cement mason, ----- métrico, metric or double centner. cementita / (m et), cementite, centrador to, centralizer, centering device. cemento to, cement. -----de embrague (auto), clutch pilot.-----a granel, bulk or loose cement. -----fijo (mh), steady rest.------ artificial (Es), Portland cement. centradora / , (mt) spotting tool,-----armado, reinforced concrete. centraje to, centering. -----asfáltico, asphalt cement. ----- propio, de, self-centering. -----de alta resistencia a corto plazo (M ), high- central/, plant, station; powerhouse; sugar mill early-strength cement. telephone exchange; a central. -----de alta resistencia inicial,high-early-strength -----auxiliar, stand-by power plant. cement. ----- azucarera, sugar mill. -----de alta velocidad (M ), high-early-strength ----- de bom beo (C ol), pumping station. cement. -----de energía o de fuerza, power plant, power­ -----de alto calor, high-heat cement. house. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 88. central 75 cerca de escorrentíaR ), river-run power plant. (P ■ biselador, chamfer plane. — de hormigón (A ), concrete-mixing plant. -----bocel, plane for making half-round moldings. de transformación, transformer station, sub­ ------ cóncavo, hollow plane. station. -----convexo, round plane. eléctrica a vapor, steam-electric powerhouse. -----de achaflanar, bevel plane.-— electrógena o generadora, generating or -----de alambre o de acero, wire brush. central station, electric powerhouse. -----de albañil (V ), float. elevadora, pumping plant; hoisting installa­ • -----de alisar, smooth plane. tion. ----- de angaletar (A ), miter plane. ■ hidráulica, water-power plant. --- ----- de astrágalos, beading plane. medio encerrada (eléc), semioutdoor station. ----- de banco, bench plane. telefónica, telephone exchange. -----de cantear, edge plane. térmica, steam power plant. ----- de contrafibra, block plane. termoeléctrica, steam-electric power plant. -----de costado, side plane.central to (C ), sugar mill, -----de encabezar escalones, nosing plane.centrar, to center, -----de ensamblar, dovetail plane.céntrico, central, centric. ■ de gramil, rabbet plane with fence. ----centrífuga, centrifugadora / , centrifuge, centrif­ ----- de hierro doble, double-iron plane. ugal. -----de juntas, jointing plane.centrifugar, to centrifuge, ----- de madera (V ), mason’s float.centrífugo a, centrifugal, -----de mediacaña, half-round or reed plane.centrípeto, centripetal. • -----de molduras, molding plane; beading plane.centro m, center. -----de ranurar, grooving or rabbet or plow or a centro, center to center. dado plane. ■ de la carga o de distribución (eléc), load cen­ --- ----- de refrentar, cross-grain plane. ter, center of distribution. -----dentado, toothing plane.-----de deformación (fm a), center of distortion. -----desbastador, j ack plane. de estación (fm a), camera station. -----limador, shaping planer. de figura (m at), center of figure. ----- machihembrador, matching plane. ■ --de flotabilidad (an), center of buoyancy. ----- mecánico, planer, jointer. de flotación (an), center of flotation. — mecánico de banco, bench planer or jointer.■ ■ giro, center of gyration. — de -----metálico, wire brush. de gravedad, center of gravity. -----raspador, scraper plane. de inercia o de masa, center of inertia or of ------ rebajador, rabbet or plow or sash plane. mass. -----redondo, compass plane.-----de momentos, center of moments. -----universal, combination plane.-----de perspectiva (fm a), perspective center. cepillo-juntera, jointing plane, de presión, center of pressure. cepillo-rasqueta, scraper plane,-----de rotación, center of gyration. cepo to, waler, ranger, ribbon, stringpiece, strong------de simetría, center of symmetry. back; cap of a bent; stock of an anvil;•-----de la vista (fm a), center of vision. stock of an anchor; shell of a tackle block; demográfico, center of population. clamp, vise, fotográfico (fma), photographic or plate cen­ cequión m (Ch) (V ), irrigation canal, ter. cera / , wax. geométrico, center of figure. ----- amarilla (pet), yellow wax.-----momentáneo, instantaneous center. ----- de parafina, paraffin wax. muerto, dead center (twist drill). -----para correas, belt wax. -----substituto (fma), substitute center. cerámica de construcción, hollow tile, structural centroidal, centroidal. terra cotta, centroide to, centroid, cerámico, ceramic. centropunzón m (C ), center punch, cerargirita /, cerargyrite, horn silver, native sil­ ceolita / (miner) (pa), zeolite, ver chloride, c e p a /, butt end; stump; (Ch) trestle bent; (M) cerca /, fence. footing, cutoff wall, -— alambrada, wire fence. cepillado por cuatro caras (mad), dressed four ----- alemana (C), worm or snake fence. sides. -----de estacas, paling fence. cepillado por un canto (mad), dressed one edge, ----- de lienzos (C )(P R ), fence built in panels be­ cepilladora/, planer, plane; jointer. tween posts. ■ de banco oscilante, reciprocating-table — ----- de nacer, fence of wire on posts that have planer. taken root. -----desbastadora, jack plane. -----de pie (C )(P R ), paling fence. cepilladuras / , shavings. -----de piedra, stone wall. cepillar, to plane, face, dress; to brush. ----- defensa de cable (ca), cable guardrail. cepillo to, plane; brush. ----- en zigzag, worm fence. -----acabador, smooth plane. -— paranieve, snow fence. ----- acanalador, fluting plane. -----viva, hedge. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 89. cercado 76 cicutacercado , fence, fencing to . cerrojo m, door bolt, bolt of a lock, latch; (C)----- eslabonado, chain-link fencing. machine bolt.cercar, to fence. -----acodado, neck bolt.cerco to, fence; hoop; frame; (auto) rim; iron tire. ----- cilindrico -de aplicar, barrel bolt.-----de alambre, wire fence. ----- de aplicar, surface bolt.-----de barril, barrel hoop. -----de caja, case bolt.-----de puerta, doorframe. ----- de caja tubular, barrel bolt.-----de rueda, tire. ■ - de embutir, mortise bolt, flush bolt.-----de ventana, window frame. -----de pie o de piso, foot or floor or bottom bolt.cerco-guía (hid), gate frame, -----de resorte, latch, spring bolt.cercha/, rib of an arch center; (Pan)(U) truss; -----dormido, dead bolt. (Col) template; screed; (M ) stair string; certeneja / (Ch), hole scoured in the bed of a (dwg) spline; (i-r) clearance gage, stream,cerchámetro to (fc) (A ), clearance gage, certificado to, certificate.cerchón to, arch centering, ----- de acciones, stock certificate. cerda / (inst), hair of the reticle, ----- de ensayo, test certificate. céreo a, wax, waxy. -----de incorporación, corporation charter, incor­ ceresita / , Ceresit. (trademark)(waterproofing). poration papers. cerezo m, cherry wood. ----- de nacimiento, birth certificate. cerillo m, a Cuban lumber. cerusa / , white lead, ceruse, cerussite, cernedor to, screen, sieve. cerusita/, cerussite (lead ore), ceraer, to screen, sift. cesante a, unemployed ;■discharged, cernido (to) húmedo, wet screening. cesantear, to discharge (men), cernidor to, screen, sieve; (Col) buddle; sifter. cesantes s, unemployed, discharged workers, cerniduras/, screenings. cesantía/, unemployment, discharge, cernir, to screen; (Col) to buddle. cesio to (quim ), cesium, cero to, zero. césped to, sod, grass, turf, ceroso, waxy. cespol to, cespul m, (pb) floor drain, cesspool cerrable (eléc), sealable. (sd)(M ) cesspool; (pb) trap, cerradero to, keeper or strike of a lock; padlock cesta/, basket; bucket; strainer. eye; staple; any locking device. ----- de aspiración (bm ), strainer for foot valve. -----angular, angle strike. •----pescarripio (pet), junk basket. - cerrado, closed; sharp (curve), cesto to, basket. cerrador to, window shutter; locker; any closing • •de la centrífuga (az), centrifugal basket. — or locking device, ----- de pesca (pet), junk basket. cerradura / (ft), lock. cestón to, gabion, bundle of brushwood filled -----a tambor (A ), cylinder lock. with stone used in bank protection or -----de aplicar (A ), rim lock. stream diversion, ----- de arrimar, rim lock. cestonada /, revetment of gabions, -----de caja, rim lock; safe lock. cetano to (pet), cetane. -----de cilindro, cylinder lock. cianita / (miner), cy anite, kyanite, disthene. -----de cilindro paracéntrico, paracentric lock. cianizar, to cyanize. -----de combinación, combination lock. cianoficeas (is), Cyanophyeeae. -----de dos cilindros, duplex lock. cianògeno to (quim), cyanogen, -----de dos vueltas, double-throw lock. cianuración/ (met), cyaniding. -----de embutir, mortise lock. cianúrico, cyanuric. -----de molinillo (E s), cylinder lock. cianuro m, cyanide, -----de muelle o de resorte, spring or snap lock. ciciclo, cyclic. -----dormida, dead lock. ciclo to (eléc)(m ee)(quim), cycle. -----rebajada, rabbeted lock. -----cerrado o completo, closed or complete -----recercada (M ), rim lock. cy cle. cerraja / (Es), lock, ----- compuesto, (eng) mixed cycle. cerrajear, to do locksmith work, ----- de cuatro tiempos (mg), four-stroke cycle. cerrajería / , locksmithing; locksmith’ s shop; ----- de enfriamiento invertido (aa), reverse-re- builder’s hardware; light ironwork; iron­ frigeration cycle, heat-pumping. works. ----- de filtración (pa), filter cycle. cerrajero to, locksmith; architectural ironworker, ----- de imanación, magnetic cycle. cerramiento to, closure; bulkhead; fence; parti­ cicloidal, cycloidal, tion; curtain wall; (min) dam, dike, cicloide / , cycloid. cerrar, to close; to fasten, lock; to enclose; to cicloinversor to (eléc), cycloinverter. obstruct, block; to seal. ciclómetro to, cyclometer, -----con llave, to lock. ciclón to, cyclone, -----el trazado, to close the survey. ciclónico, cyclonic, cerrillada / , range of low hills, ciclópeo (mam), cyclopean. cerrillar, to mill, knurl, ciclótomo (mat), cyclotomic. cerro to, hill. cicuta / (mad), hemlock. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 90. ciego 77 cincharciego, blind (flange, nut, window, etc .); blank -----de prueba, test cylinder. (flange, etc), -----graduado (lab), graduate cylinder.cielo m, ceiling; top. -----maestro (auto), master cylinder (brake).-----abierto, a, on the surface, in open cut. -----primitivo (en), pitch cylinder.-----del hogar (cal), crown sheet. -----sacanucleos, core barrel (drill).-----descubierto, a, on the surface. -----triturador, crushing roll.----- raso, flat or flush ceiling, plastered ceiling. cilindros-----raso acústico, accoustical ceiling. -----de conformar, forming rolls.ciénaga / , swamp, marsh. ----- de enderezar, straightening rolls, (sb) man­ciencia / , science. gle rolls.cienegal m (P R ), swamp. -----de expansion (pte), expansion rollers.cienmilésimo m, one hundred-thousandth. ----- de forjar, forging rolls.cienmilimetro m, one hundredth of a millimeter. -----terminadores (met), finishing rollB.cienmillonésimo m, one hundred-millionth. cilindroide m, cylindroid.cieno m, mud; sludge. cilonita/, Z y Ionite (trademark).-----activado (dac), activated sludge. <^ma/, crest, summit, peak, top.-----de acumulador (eléc), battery mud. cimacio m, ogee; (M ) spillway bucket.-----digerido (dac), digested sludge. -----vertedor, rollway (dam). — elutriado (dac), elutriated sludge. cimborrio m, dome; (min) roof, ceiling,-----húmico (dac), humus sludge. cimbra / , arch centering.científico, scientific. cimbrar, to center (arch); cimbrarse, to sway,ciento, cien m a, hundred. vibrate,cierracompuerta m (hid), gate-closing device. cimbreo m t sway, vibration,cierrapuerta m, door check. cimbrón m (A), vibration,cierre m, .closure, sealing, locking. cimbronazo m (V), earthquake,-----a tornillo, screw lock. cim entación/, foundation, footing.-----del cojinete (maq), bearing seal. -----de cajón, pneumatic-caisson foundation.-----de línea (pet), line blind. -----de emparrillado, grillage foundation.-----del trazado (lev), closure. -----de zampeado, mat foundation.-----de vapor (m g)(M ), vapor lock. -----escalonada, stepped footing.-----definitivo (presa), final closure. -----sobre pilotes, pile foundation. ---- hidráulico, water seal. cimentar, to lay a foundation, to found,-----relámpago, zipper. cimento m (geol), cementing material,cierro m, inclosure; fence, cimiento m, foundation, footing; foundationcifra (/) global, lump sum (contract), material; cement.cigüeña /, crank; sweep; winch, windlass, cap­ -----de retallo, stepped footing. stan; (C) handcar, automobile on a rail­ ----- ensanchado, spread footing. road track, — -romano (Pe), hydraulic lime,cigüeñal m, crankshaft. cimómetro m (ra), cymometer,-----de compensación, balanced crankshaft. cimoscopio m (eléc), cymoscope,-----de cuatro codos, four-throw crankshaft. cinabarita / (Es), cinnabar,-----de dos codos, two-throw crankshaft. cinabrio m, cinnabar (mercury ore),-----de siete cojinetes, seven-bearing crankshaft. cinc m, zinc.-----equilibrado, balanced crankshaft. -----no gastable (eléc), wasteless zinc.-----simple o de un codo, single-throw crank­ cincado, galvanized, zinc-plated, zinc-coated. shaft. -----a fuego, hot-galvanized.-----voladizo, overhanging crankshaft. cincar, to galvanize, zincify.cilanco m, slack or stagnant water, backwater, cincel m, chisel, cutter, graver. ciliado a (is), ciliate. -----arrancador, floor or box chisel.cilindrada/, piston displacement, cylinder capac­ -----de filo en cruz (cantero), cross chisel. ity. -----de fundidor, flogging chisel. cilindradora / , road roller, -----de pico redondo, roundnose chisel. cilindraje m, rolling, compacting, -----de uñas (Es), stonecutter’s chisel. cilindrar, to roll, compact, -----dentado (cantero), tooth chisel, bumper. cilindreo m, rolling, -----debastador, drove chisel, boaster, drove, cilindrico, cylindrical, boasting chisel. cilindro m, cylinder; roller, roll. -----hendedor, splitting chisel.----- apisonador, tamping roller; paving roller. cincelador m, chipping hammer; chipping chisel;----- compresor, road or paving roller. stonecutter,-----de bomba, pump cylinder; working barrel. cincelar, to chisel, carve; to chip, de caldera, shell of a boiler. cincifero, containing zinc, zinciferous, de caminos, road roller. cincita / , zincite, red zinc ore, red oxide of zinc*-----de culata en T, T-head engine cylinder. cinco sextos, five sixths, ■ de curvar, bending roll. ---- cincha / , girth, belt. ■----de frenaje, brake cylinder. -----de seguridad, safety belt. de laminar, roll in a steel mill. cinchar, to cinch; to hoop, band. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 91. cincho 78 círculocincho (M ), belt, hoop, band, iron tire; m -----de guardalínea, lineman’s belt. (min) frame for shaft timbering . -----de seguridad, safety belt.-----de plomo, lead shield (for screw). -----para herramientas, tool belt.-----para herramientas, tool belt. cipo m (Es), boundary monument; milepost.cinemática f, kinematics, ciprés m, cypress.cinemático, kinematic, circón m (miner) (rfr), zircon.cin ética/, kinetics, circon ia / (rfr), zirconia.cinético, kinetic. circónico, zirconic.cinglador m, blacksmith’s hammer; (met) shin- circonio m (quim), zirconium. gler; (met) squeezer. circuito m (eléc), circuit.----- de quijadas, alligator or crocodile squeezer. -----aceptor (ra), acceptor circuit.-----rotativo o de leva, rotary or cam squeezer. ----- amortiguador, damping circuit.cinglar, to shingle (iron). ----- anódico (ra), anode or plate circuit.cingueria / (A), sheet-metal work, sheet-metal ----- atenuador de las altas (ra), bass-boosting shop. circuit. cinguero m (A), sheet-metal worker, tinsmith, -----cátodo-tierra (ra), cathode follower. cinta / , belt; tape; strip; (carp) batten, waler, -----combinado, compound circuit. ribbon; (str) girt; sliver (rope). ----- compuesto (tel), composited circuit.-----aisladora (eléc), insulating or friction or ----- de absorción (ra), absorption or tank circuit. binding tape. ----- de acoplamiento por resistencia, resistance------barnizada (eléc), varnished tape. coupled circuit.-----conectora (carp), ribbon connector. ----- de admisión (ra)(A), acceptor circuit.-----de acero, steel tape. ----- de aproximación (fc), approach circuit.-----de agrimensor, measuring tape. -----de descarga (tv), discharge circuit. -----de bolsillo, pocket tape (measuring). -----de disparo (ra), trigger circuit. -----de cordones, corded tape (measuring). ----- de entrada, input circuit. -----de diámetros (ef), diameter tape. ----- de línea (fc), line circuit. -----del embrague, clutch band. ----- de media onda (ra), half-wave circuit. -----de empalme (eléc), friction or insulating ----- de placa (ra), plate or anode circuit. tape. -----de plena onda (ra), full-wave circuit. -----de encajonar, box strapping. -----de prueba, test circuit. -----de freno, brake band; brake lining. -----de rejilla (ra), grid circuit. -----de fricción, friction band; (elec) friction or ----- de salida, output circuit. binding tape. ----- de sangría (ra), bleeder circuit. -----de género (med), cloth tape. -----de via (fc), track circuit. -----de hierro, strap or band iron. ----- de vía libre (fc), clearing circuit. -----de lienzo, linen tape. ----- de vuelta, return circuit. -----de limpieza (al), cleaning tape. ----- derivado, branch circuit. -----de medir, tape line, measuring tape. ----- desviador (tv), deflection circuit. -----de resorte, spring-winding tape (measuring). -----en puente, bridge circuit; jumper circuit. -----de selvicultor, circumference or forester’s -----equilibrado, balanced circuit. tape. ----- fantasma, phantom circuit. -----de tela (lev), cloth tape. -----inducido, secondary circuit. -----de tela reforzada (lev), metallic tape. ----- inductor, primary circuit. -----de transporte, belt conveyor. ----- oscilador (ra), oscillatory circuit. ----- de urdimbre metálica (C), metallic tape. ----- oscilante barredero (ra), sweep circuit. -----de vidrio (eléc), glass tape. -----receptor (ra), receiving circuit. -----fusible (eléc), fuse link. ----- rechazador o repulsor (ra), rejector circuit. -----metálica (lev), metallic tape; (A)(Sp) steel -----reflejo (ra), reflex circuit. tape. -----restaurador (tv), restorer circuit. -----metálica articulada (Es), chain belt. -----tanque (ra)(A), tank circuit. -----métrica, measuring tape. - — trampa (ra), trap circuit, -----pescadora (eléc), fish wire, snake, pull wire, circulación / , circulation. fish tape. ----- a gravedad (cf), gravity circulation. -----vitrificada (eléc), felass tape. -----forzada, forced circulation. cintada / (lev), tape length, tape measurement. circulador m, circulator, cinteada / (geol), band, streak. circular, v to circulate; a circular, cintero m, (Sp) hoisting line; (surv) tapeman. círculo m, circle. -----delantero, head tapeman. ----- anual (mad), annual ring. -----trasero, rear tapeman. -----azimutal, azimuth circle. cintillo m (P R ), sidewalk curb, -----cenital (tránsito), vertical circle. cintra /, arch ‘centering, -----de ahuecamiento (en), dedendum circle. cintrar, to center (arch), -----de aterrizaje (ap), circle marker. cintre! mt template for an arch, ----- de cabeza (en), addendum circlc. cintura/, throat of a chimney; belt, ----- de esfuerzos, circle of stress. cinturón m, belt. ----- de Mohr, Mohr’s circle. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 92. círculo 79 clavo• --- pie (ms), toe circle - de . ----- de cedazo, screen classifier. de punto medio (ms), mid-point circle. -----de paletas o de rastrillo, rake classifier. de talud (ms), slope circle. -----de rastro de vaivén, reciprocating-rake clas­■ primitivo (en), pitch or rolling circle. ---- sifier.----- taquimétrico (inst), stadia circle. -----de rebose, overflow classifier.circumpolar, circumpolar, ----- de taza, bowl classifier.circunferencia / , circumference. -----en espiral (arena), spiral classifier.----- de ahuecamiento o de raíz (en), dedendum -----hidráulico, hydraulic classifier, jig. or root circle. clasificar, to classify, grade; to screen; to rate. de base (en), base circle. clástico (geol), clastic. ■ de rotura, circle of rupture. ---- clavador m, (surv) (Ec) stake driver. de tensión (A ), circle of stress. ----- de cabillas, (t) driftbolt driver.-----primitiva (en), pitch circle. -----de pernos, bolt driver; spike driver. circunferencial, circumferential, ------ de postes de cerco, fence-post driver. circunscribir (mat), to circumscribe. clavaestacadas m, sheeting hammer. cisco m, coal dust, culm, slack; (V) cinders. cjavar, to nail, spike; to drive piles; (sh) to crowd. ■ de coque, coke breeze. ---- ----- a firme (pi)(C), to drive to refusal. cisterna /, tank, cistern. -----hasta el rebote (pi), to drive to refusal. citación (J) a licitadores, call for bids, invitation clavazón /, stock of nails. to bidders. clave / , key, keystone; (conc) bonding key; citara/, brick wall 1 brick thick; (Col) partition quoin; (V) lintel; (dwg) legend. wall. -----de trabazón (conc), bonding key. citarilla /, thin partition wall; (M) thin partition clavellino m, a South American lumber, block. clavera / , nail hole, citarón m, (C) wall 2 bricks thick; (Col) header, clavete m, small nail, tack, citrato (m) férrico amónico (lab), ferric ammo­ clavetear, to tack, nail. nium citrate, clavija / , pin, peg, dowel, driftbolt; cotter; pin­ ciu da d/, city. tle; (elee) plug; (elee) stud. ciu d a d ela / (cn)(A ), bridge deck, a cuchilla (elèe), knife plug. cizalla / , a shear. ----- de la cigüeña, (eng) crankpin. ----- de dentar (si), gummer shear. ----- de conexión (elèe), terminal stud; attach­ ----- de escuadrar, squaring shear. ment plug. ----- de guillotina, guillotine or gate shear. de contado (elèe), plug. -----de palanca, lever or alligator shear. •----de corrección (inst), adjusting pin. - ----- hendedora, splitting shears. -----de desconexión (elèe), disconnecting plug. •--- múltiple, gang shear. - de división (mh), index pin. -----para chapa, sheet-metal shear. -— de dos patas, cotter pin. -----para metralla, scrap shear. de escala, ladder rung. — para planchas, plate shear, de expansión (M ), expansion bolt. cizallador m, shearer (man). -----de infinidad (elèe), infinity plug. cizallamiento m, shearing stress; shearing, -----de piso (elèe), floor plug. cizallar, to shear. de trepar, pole step. cizalleo m, shearing; shearing stress. • hendida, cotter pin, split pin, spring cotter. ---- ciara / (A ), spacing, span. •--- sincronizadora (elèe), synchronizing plug. - claraboya/, skylight; transom; clearstory. tàndem (elèe), tandem-biade plug. -----de bóveda, vault light. clavito m, brad, small nail, tack. -----sin masilla, puttyless skylight. cortado, cut finishing nail. claridad/, (il) brightness; (tv)(Sp) brilliance, ----- de cabeza cónica, flooring brad. clarificador m, clarifier. -----de Paris, wire brad. ----- de batea (pa), tray clarifier. para contramarcos, casing nail. -----de batea múltiple (pa), multiple-tray clarifier. clavo m, nail, spike; (min) chimney; (min)(M) -----intermitente, intermittent clarifier. rich body of ore. clarificar, to clarify. agrio, bright nail ; (C) cut nail. clarifloculador m (is), Clariflocculator (trade­ arponado de techar, barbed roofing nail. mark). — - común de alambre, common wire nail. clarigestor m (is), Clarigester (trademark), corriente, common nail. clarión m, crayon. cortado, cut nail. claro m, clear space; clear span, bay, opening; a cuadrado (C ), cut nail. bright (wire); clear (glass); light (color). -----de alambre, wire nail. de compuerta, gate opening. -----de barquilla, boat spike. ■ • puente, span of a bridge. — de ----- de cabeza acopada, cupped-head nail. de puerta, doorway. -----de cabeza embutida o perdida, countersunk de ventana, window opening. nail. clasificador m (is)(min)(ag), classifier; screen. -----de cabeza excéntrica, offset-head nail. ■ cónico, cone classifier. — -----de chilla, lathing nail. ----- de arrastre, drag classifier. -----de doble cabeza, double-headed nail. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 93. elavo cloroamonîaco-----embarcaciones, boat . spike de ----- de empotramiento (Y), house connection to-----de filo de cincel, chisel-point nail. a sewer.*— de fundición, foundry nail. -----de presión, depressed sewer.• de listonaje, lath nail. — ----- derivada, branch sewer; lateral sewer.-— de muelle, dock spike. ----- domiciliaria, house sewer. — de punta de aguja, needle-point ñau. ----- emisaria, outfall sewer. ---- de punta diamante, diamond-point nail. ----- escalonada, flight sewer.-----de punta excéntrica, side-point nail. ----- interceptadora, intercepting sewer.-----de punta roma, blunt-point nail. ----- maestra o máxima o troncal, trunk or main-----de ripiar, shingle nail. sewer.-----de rosca, screw nail, drive screw. ----- ovoide, egg-shaped sewer.-----de techar, roofing nail. -----pluvial, storm sewer.-----de tinglar, clout nail. ----- secundaria, submain sewer.-----de via, track spike. ----- tubular, pipe sewer.-----de 1 pulg, twopenny nail. -----unitaria (C )(A ), combined sewer.-----de i y 4 pulg, threepenny nail. cloacal, pertaining to sewerage.-----de lYz pulg, fourpenny nail. cloaquista m (A ), man who lays sewer pipe.-----de l 3 pulg, fivepenny nail. /4 cloche m (V), clutch.-----de 2 pulg, sixpenny nail. cloque m, grapnel, grappling iron.-----de 2 % pulg, sevenpenny nail. cloración / , chlorination.-----de 2Yz pulg, eightpenny nail. ----- al punto de saturación (is), break-point-----de 2 % pulg, ninepenny nail. chlorination.-----de 3 pulg, tenpenny nail. ——con residuo combinado aprovechable (pa),-----de 3Ya pulg» twelvepenny nail. combined residual chlorination.-----de 2>Yz pulg, sixteenpenny nail. ----- con residuo libre aprovechable (pa), free-----de 4 pulg, twentypenny nail. residual chlorination.-----de 4 % pulg, thirtypenny nail. ----- simple (pa), plain chlorination.-----de 5 pulg, fortypenny nail. dorador m, chlorinator.-----de 5Y2 Pulg, fiftypenny nail. ----- al vacío, vacuum chlorinator.-----de 6 pulg, sixtypenny nail. ----- de alimentación directa, direct-feed chlo­-----de 8 pulg, eightypenny spike. rinator.-----español (C), cut nail. ----- de mano, manual chlorinator.-----fechado, dating nail. ----- de vacío visible, visible-vacuum chlorinator.-----francés, wire nail; (C) finishing nail. clora m ida / (quím), chloramide.-----harponado, barbed nail. cloramina / (pa), chloramine, ammonia chlorine.r-----inglés (C), cut nail. cloraminación / , chloramination.-----lancero (M ), toenail. cloramoniar, to treat with chloramine.-----marcador (min), spud, spad. clorar, to chlorinate.-----para bisagra, hinge nail. clorato m (quím), chlorate.-----para hormigón, concrete nail. clorhidrato m, hydrochlorate.-----para lanchón, barge spike. clorhídrico, hydrochloric.-----para remachar, clinch nail. dórico, chloric.-----rielero, track spike. clorificar, to chlorinate. clavo-pija, fetter-drive lag screw, clorimetro m, chlorimeter. clavo-tornillo, drive screw, clorinación / , chlorination. clica / (ft) (A ), keeper of a lock, clorinador m, chlorinator. clima m, climate. clorinar, to chlorinate. clima artificial (M ), air conditioning, clorinometro m, chlorometer. climático, climatic, clorita / (miner), chlorite. climatología / , climatology, cloritico, chloritic. clinógrafo mt clinograph. cloritización / , chloritization. clinometria / , clinometry. clorito m (quím), chlorite. cimómetro m, clinometer, slope level, angle clorización / , chlorination. meter, clorizador m, chlorinator. clínquer m (M ), clinker, clorizar, to chlorinate. clisímetro m (M ), slope gage, cloro m, chlorine. clistron m (ra), klystron-, ----- amoniacal, proceso (pa), chlorine-ammonia clitómetro m, clinometer, process. clivaje m (geol), cleavage, stratification. ----- combinado disponible, combined available -----de disyunción, fracture cleavage. chlorine residual. -----de flujo, flow cleavage. -----libre disponible, free available chlorine re­ cloaca /, sewer: sidual. -----colectora, intercepting sewer. -----residual o restante (pa), chlorine residual. -----de alivio o de rebose, relief or overflow sewer. cloroalimentador m (pa), Chlorofeeder (trade­ -----de descarga, outfall sewer. mark). -— del edificio, house drain. cloroamonîaco m (is), chloramine. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 94. clorocresol 81 codoclorocresol (is), chlorocvesol m . cobreado, copper-plated.clorof enol m (is), chlorophenol. cobreria / , copper w ork; copper shop.cloroficeas (is), Chlorophyceae. cobrero m, coppersmith.clorofila / , chlorophyll, cobrizado, copper-plated.clorometria / , chlorometry. cobrizo, containing copper; copper-colored.clorometro m, chlorometer. c o c a /, kink.cloroplatinato m, chloroplatinate. cocción /, baking, roasting, burning (brick),----- de amonio (lab), ammonium chloroplatinate. coceo m (M ), thrust,----- potásico (is), potassium chloroplatinate. cocer, to bake; to boil,cloroso, chlorous. cociente m, quotient.clorurar (quim)(met), to chloridize. -----diferencial, differential coefficient or quo­cloruro m, chloride. tient,-----áurico, gold chloride. coco m (is), coccus,-----de amonio, ammonium chloride, sal ammo­ cocobolo m, cocobolo (hardwood), niac. cocodrilo ?7i (mee), grab; squeezer,----- de cal, chloride of lime, bleaching powder. cocha / (B )(E c), lake, pond,----- de hidrógeno, hydrogen chloride, hydrochlo­ coche m, (rr) car, coach; closed automobile. ric acid. -----automotor (fc), motorcar.-----sódico, sodium chloride, common salt. -----comedor, dining car.coagulación /, coagulation. ----- de estación (auto), station wagon.-----de flujo ascendente (is), upflow coagulation. -----de observación, observation car. coagulador m, coagulator. -----de pasajeros (Ch), passenger car. coagulante m, coagulant; a coagulant, flocculent. ----- de remolque, trail car. coagular, to coagulate; to clump; coagularse, to -----de tranvía, streetcar, trolley car. coagulate, form floe; to clot, clump, ----- de turismo (auto), touring car. coágulo m, floe, coagulum, clot, -----dormitorio, sleeping car. coaltar m (Es), tar, pitch, -----motor, (rr) motorcar. coaltarizar, to coat with pitch, — salón, chair car. coaltitud /, coaltitude, zenith distance, cochecito lateral, sidecar (motorcycle). coasegurador m, coinsurer, coch era /, carbarn; garage. coaxial, coaxil, coaxial, cocherón m, enginehouse, roundhouse. cobaltifero, containing cobalt, cochinilla / (m ad), wood louse. cobaltina, cobaltita / (miner), cobaltite, cobal- cochino m (met), pig. tine. cochitril m, crib. cobalto m, cobalt. cochura / , baking, roasting. ----- arsenical (miner), smaltite. codal m, strut, spreader, spur, trench brace; ----- gris, smaltite, gray cobalt. frame of a saw; try square. cobaltoso, cobaltous. -----del eje (cn), shaft strut. cobertizo ra, shed; penthouse; (Col) lean-to; (ap) codaste m (cn), sternpost; stern frame. hangar. ----- popel, rudderpost, sternpost. ----- de trasbordo, transfer shed. ----- proel, sternpost, propeller post, body post. -----de trenes, train shed. codecünación / , codeclination, polar distance, -----para carros, carbarn, car shed. codera / (náut), breast fast, -----para nieve, snowshed. código 77i, code. cobertura/, cover, covering, ----- de edificación, building code. cobijadura / (geol)(A), overthrust; alluvial de­ -----de señales, signal code. posit. Código Eléctrico Nacional, National Electric cobola / , a Costa Rican pine, Code. cobre m, copper. código Morse (tel), Morse code, ----- abigarrado, bornite, purple copper ore. codillo m, knee, elbow, bend, ----- amarillo (miner), copper pyrites, chalcopy- codimero m (pet), codimer. rite. codo mt (cons) knee; (machy) crank; (p) elbow, ----- ampolloso, blister copper. bend. ----- añilado, covellite, indigo copper; azurite, -----abierto, long elbow. blue copper ore. ----- angular, miter elbow. ----- azul, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite. -----cerrado, short elbow. ----- de acarreo (geol), drift copper. -----compensador, expansion bend. ----- del cátodo (met), cathode copper. ----- con base o con soporte, base elbow. ----- de cementación, cement copper. -----con derivación o con salida lateral, side-out- ----- gris, tetrahedrite, gray copper ore. let elbow. ----- negro, blister or black copper. ----- con lomo o de copa, bossed elbow. ----- piritoso, copper pyrites, chalcopyrite. -----de campanas, bell-and-spigot quarter bend. -----rojo, red copper ore, cuprite. ----- de curva alargada o de radio largo, long- -----tenaz, tough-pitch copper. radius elbow. — ----------verde (miner), malachite, green malachite. -----de doble ramal, double-branch elbow. ----- vitreo, vitreous copper, torbernite. ----- de enchufes, socket-end elbow (for welding). www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 95. codo 82 coeficiente -----inglete, miter elbow de . de deformación (ms), deformation coeffi­ ----- de orejas, drop elbow. cient. -----de palanca (maq), crank. de derrame (hid), runoff coefficient, ----- de pendiente o de rosca inclinada, pitch de descargue (hid), coefficient of discharge, elbow. de deslizamiento, sliding factor (dam), ----- de reducción, reducing elbow. de desviación (ra), deflection factor, -----de retom o unido, return bend-close type. de diagrama, (eng) diagram factor, ----- de servicio, service or street elbow. de dilatación, coefficient of expansion, -----de tangente larga, long-tangent elbow. de dispersión (eléc), leakage factor, -----de toma particular, service elbow. de elasticidad, modulus of elasticity, -----de tres salidas, three-way elbow. de entrada (ve), coefficient of entry, -----de unión, union elbow. de escamas (pa), coefficient of scale hard­ -----de y 8, eighth bend. ness. -----de 1/ 4, quarter bend. de escorrentia (hid), runoff coefficient, -----de 5 % ° , sixty-fourth bend. de escuadreo (an), block coefficient, coeffi­ -----de 1 1 1 4 o, thirty-second bend. cient of fineness of displacement, ----- de 22Y2 °, sixteenth bend. de escurrimiento superficial (hid), surface -----de 45°, eighth bend, 45° elbow. runoff coefficient, ----- de 60°, sixth bend. de explotación (fc), operating ratio, -----de 72°, fifth bend. de extinción (quim), extinction coefficient, -----de 180°, return or half bend. specific absorption index, -----doble, offset; return bend; three-way de filtración (ms), coefficient of percolation, elbow. del filtro (fma), filter factor, -----en escuadra, right-angle bend. de finura, coefficient of fineness, ----- en octavo, eighth bend. de flecha (est), deflection coefficient, ----- en U, return bend. de fricción o de frotamiento, friction factor, - — falso (as), false knee. coefficient of friction, -----macho y hembra, service or street elbow. de fricción de deslizamiento, coefficient of -----obtuso (A ), eighth bend. sliding friction, -----para baranda, railing elbow. de gasto (hid), coefficient of discharge, -----para inodoro (pb), closet bend. de hinchamiento (ms), coefficient of swelling, -----recto con desplazamiento, single-offset quar­ de inflación (ms) (A ), coefficient o f swelling, ter bend. de luminosidad (il), luminosity factor, -----reductor, taper or reducing elbow. de modulación (eléc), modulation factor or -----suave, long-radius elbow. index. coeficiente m, coefficient. de mortalidad, death rate, -----completo de traspaso de calor (aa), over-all de operación (fc), operating ratio, coefficient of heat transfer. de pandeo (est), buckling coefficient, -----de absorción (óptica), absorption factor, co­ de permeabilidad, (hyd) percolation coeffi­ efficient of absorption. cient; (sm) coefficient of permeability,— - de acidez (geol), acidity coefficient, oxygen de Poisson, Poisson’s ratio, ratio. de precipitación, rainfall coefficient,----- de acoplamiento (elêc), coupling coefficient. de producción, load factor (compressor),----- de afluencia (hid), runoff coefficient. de productividad (pet), productivity index,----- de amortiguación, coefficient of damping de propulsion (an), propulsive coefficient, (vibration). de reactancia (eléc), reactive factor,-----de amortiguación viscosa (ms), coefficient of de rectificación (ra), rectification factor, viscous damping. de recuperación o de rechazo (pi), coefficient— - de amplificación (ra), amplification factor or of restitution, constant. de recuperación elástica (ms), coefficient of-----de aprovechamiento (eléc), load factor. elastic recovery,-----de aspereza (hid), coefficient of roughness. de reflexión, (ra) reflection coefficient; (il)-----de autoinducción (éléc), coefficient of self- reflection factor, induction, self-inductance. de relajamiento (met), relaxation factor,----- de caída de tension (eléc), drop factor. de remoldeo (ms), remolding index,-----de cambio de volumen (ms), coefficient of de rendimiento (aa), coefficient of perform­ volume change. ance.-----de cargamento (tr), load factor. de resistencia, coefficient of strength,-----de caudal (hid), coefficient of discharge. de restitución (ms) (fma)-, coefficient of resti­-----de compactación (ms), coefficient of consoli­ tution. dation. de retardo, (hyd) coefficient of retardation;-----de conductividad térmica, coefficient of ther­ (wp) drag coefficient, mal conductivity. de retraso (hid), coefficient of retardation,----- de consolidación, (ea) coefficient of shrink­ de riego, duty of irrigation water, age, shrinkage factor; (sm) coefficient of de rozamiento, coefficient of friction, consolidation. de rugosidad (hid), roughness coefficient. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 96. coeficiente 83 cola— de seguridad, factor of safety . — de bolas con adaptador, adapter-type ball-----de sequedad (irr), wilting coefficient. bearing.-----de superficie (ag), surface coefficient, sur- -----de bolas con anillo de resorte, snap-ring- face-area factor. type ball bearing.-----de trabajo, factor of safety. -----de bolas de contacto angular, angular-con­-----de transmisión, (ht) coefficient of transmis­ tact ball bearing. -----de bolas de empuje, thrust-type ball bear­ sion; (il) transmission factor. ing.-----de traspaso superficial de calor (aa), film -----de bolas de empuje doble, two-direction coefficient of heat transfer. thrust ball bearing.— dieléctrico, dielectric constant. -----de bolas de protección doble, double­-----espumante, foaming coefficient (water). shielded ball bearing.----- resistivo (el6c)(A), coefficient of resistance. -----de bolas de protección simple, single-shielded-----uniforme (ms)(C), uniformity coefficient. ball bearing. coeficientes del Almirantazgo (an), Admiralty -----de bolas doble, double-row ball bearing. constants. -----de bolas radial, radial ball bearing. coercitividad / (elec), coercivity, coercive force, -----de bolillas, ball bearing. cofa / (cn), top, crow’s-nest, -----de casco recambiable, replaceable-shell cofactor to (mat), cofactor, bearing. cofásico, cophasal. -----de cola, tail bearing. cofre to, box; crib; bin; (A) concrete form; (auto) -----de collares, collar bearing. (M) hood, -----de descanso, pillow block. cogedero to, handle., grip; bail. ----- de doble efecto, two-direction (roller) bear­ ----- indicador de tensión (lev), tension handle, ing. spring balance, ----- de efecto simple, single-direction (roller) cogegotas to, drip pan. bearing. coger, to grasp; to collect; to close up, obstruct; -----de empuje, thrust or axial bearing. (mas) (Col) (V) to point, -----de engrase automático, self-lubricating bear­ cogollo to, small end of a pole or pile, ing. coherencia / (mat), coherence, -----de fila única, single-row (ball) bearing. coherente to, binder; a cohesive, coherent, -----de filas múltiples, multirow (ball) bearing. coh esión /, cohesion, bond. -----de guía, pilot or guide bearing. -----aparente (ms), apparent cohesion. ----- de manguito, sleeve bearing. -----verdadera (ms), true cohesion. -----de piedra (inst), jewel bearing. cohesivo, cohesive, -----de resorte (mh), spring die. cohesor w (ra), coherer. ----- de rodillos ahusados, tapered roller bearing. cohete to (min), blasting fuse; blast hole; (M) -----de rodillos esféricos, spherical roller bearing. dynamite cartridge, -----de rodillos rectos, straight roller bearing. cohetear (m in)(M ), to blast, -----de rolletes, roller bearing. coigüé to, a South American softwood, -----de rolletes cónicos, tapered roller bearing. coihue to, a Chilean hardwood, -----de roscar, die for threading, screw plate. coincidencia/, coincidence, -----de suspensión, suspension bearing. coincidente, coincident. -----de terraja, die for threading. coincidir, to coincide; to match (rivet holes). ----- de tope (U), thrust bearing. cojear, (eng) to knock. -----enterizo, unit or solid pillow block. cojín to, cushion, p a d ; pillow block. -----exterior, outboard bearing. ----- del embrague, clutch cushion. -----flotante, floating bearing. ----- de vacío (conc), vacuum mat. -----partido, split pillow block. -----roscado para soldar (tub), welding pad. ----- piloto, pilot bearing. cojinete to, bearing, pillow block, journal box; -----radial, radial or annular bearing. bushing; (th) die. ----- radioaxial, radial-thrust bearing. ----- a municiones, ball bearing. -----recalentado, hot bearing. ----- a rulemán, roller bearing. cok to, coke. -----acabador (rs), sizer die. -----de petróleo, petroleum coke. ----- autoalineador, self-aligning bearing. ----- de retorta, gas coke. ----- autolubricador, oilless or self-lubricating -----para altos hornos, blast-furnace coke. bearing. cola / , glue; tail; (t) tang, fang, shank; stub, -----axial, axial or thrust bearing. stump. -----cerrado, solid bearing. -----aislante, insulating glue. -----cónico, cone bearing. -----animal o de huesos, animal glue. -----de agujas, needle bearing. -----de agua fría o de caseína, cold-water 01 -----de alineamiento, alignment bearing. casein glue, casein cement. ----- de anillo esférico, spherical-race bearing. ----- de barrena, shank of a drill. -----de asiento (A), step bearing. -----de carpintero, joiner’s glue. -----de bancada, base or main bearing. -----de golondrina (carp) (m ec), swallowtail, ----- de bolas axial, thrust-type ball bearing. dovetail. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 97. cola 84 colocadora -----martillo, peen of a hammer de . -----de corriente (eléc), current collector. ----- de milano o de pato, dovetail. ----- de desagüe, (pb) main soil pipe, house drain -----de pescado, isinglass; fish glue; fishtail (bit). (Pe) sewer. -----de rata, rattail (file); driftpin. ----- de escamas (pet), scale trap. -----marine, marine glue. ------ de espumas (dac), scum collector. ----- para madera laminada, plyw ood glue. ----- de fango, mud trap. colas (min), tailings, chats, ----- de grasa, grease trap. colada / , (met) m elt; (cone) pour; (eonc) lift; ----- de humedad, moisture separator or trap. (conc) batch. ----- de lodos, sludge collector.----- de prueba, trial batch. ----- de pértiga (fe eléc), pole trolley. coladera/, strainer; (M )(P R ) leaching cesspool; ------ de polvo, dust collector. (M ) sewer, drain, -----de sedimentos (cal), mud drum. coladera-punta, well point, ----- de tormentas (Es), storm sewer coladero m (m in), winze, ore chute, ----- de tubos, manifold header. colado en el lugar (conc), poured in place, ----- de vapor (loco), steam drum. colador m, strainer. ----- pantógrafo, pantograph trolley-----a presión, pressure strainer. -----pluvial, storm-water sewer.----- de caño pluvial (to), leader strainer. -----sanitario, sanitary sewer.-----de cesta, basket-type strainer. ----- visitable (Es), sewer large enough for a man-----de coque, coke strainer. to enter.------ de lodo (pet), mud screen, shale shaker. colector-cabezal, header of a boiler.-----para hojas (hid), leaf screen. cólera (m) asiático, Asiatic cholera. colagón m (M ), conduit, canal, colero m, gluepot; (m in)(M )(Pe) labor foreman. colanilla /, door bolt, coleta /, burlap. colapez / , isinglass; fish glue, colgadero m, hanger. colapsible (M ), collapsible, colgadizo shed, lean-to; a hanging, suspended,colapso m (M ), failure, collapse, colgador m, hanger.colar, to pour; to strain; to cast; (tun)(M ) to -----autoalineador, self-aligning hanger. drive, bore; to sink (shaft): colarse, to -----de artefacto (eléc), fixture hanger. seep, percolate; to sift. -----de cable, (cy) fall-line carrier; (elec) cable----- en basto, to rough-cast. hanger.colatitud /, colatitude, ------ de canalón (to), gutter hanger.colato de sodio (lab), sodium cholate. de mensajero (eléc), messenger hangercolcótar m (abrasivo), colcothar, rouge, ----- del revestidor (pet), liner hanger.colcha / (ais), quilt, blanket, •----de tubo, pipe hanger. -colchado m (cab), lay. ----- de vigueta, joist hanger.----- a la derecha, right lay. colgante m, hanger, pendant; a suspended, hang­-----a la izquierda, left lay. ing.-----corriente o cruzado, regular or plain lay. ----- de servicio (eléc), service drop.-----lang o paralelo, lang or cable lay. ----- giratorio, swivel hanger.colchar, to lay rope. colgar, to hang.colchón m, cushion, mattress; (elec cab) bedding. coli-aerogenes (is), coli-aerogenes.-----amortiguador (hid) (Col), stilling pool. colibacilo m (is), colon bacillus, Bacillus coli.-----de agua, water cushion, stilling pool. coliforme, coliform (bacteria).-----de barro (hid), clay blanket. colillas / (min), tailings.----- de cieno (dae), sludge blanket. colimación / , collimation.----- filtrador (pa), filter blanket. colimador m, collimator.-----hidráulico (M ), stilling pool. colimetria / (pa)(U ), coliform density.colear, to yaw, buck; (auto) to shimmy, colin a /, hill.colectivo m (tr)(A ), small public bus. colin ea ción / (mat), collineation.colector m, collector; catch basin, trap; intercept­ colineal, collinear, ing sewer; (irr) return ditch; (elec) com­ co lis a /, slide; (eng) link. mutator; (elec) collector; (min) collector; ----- de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link. (p) (Pan) manifold. colisión /, collision,-----cloacal, main sewer. colmado, heaped up.-----de aceite, oil trap; drip pan; (auto) o il’pan. colmatación /, colmataje m, filling; earth fill;----- de aguas blancas (A), storm-water sewer. (A) silting up.-----de aire, air trap. colocabilidad / (cone)(M ), placeability.-----de aire comprimido, air receiver (compres­ colocado en frío (ca), cold-laid, sor). colocador m, setter, placer, positioner; (sa) set------- de alivio (M ), relief sewer. works.---- 1de arco (fe eléc), bow trolley. ----- de ladrillos (C), bricklayer.-----de avenidas (Es), storm sewer. -----de vagones, car spotter.-----de barro, mud trap, catch basin. -----de via (maq), track layer.-----de cascajo, grit collector. colocadora/, setter, placer.-----de condensado, condensate or steam trap. ----- neumática, pneumatic concrete placer. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 98. colocar 85 combustóleocolocar, to place, locate, set; .to invest -----zunchada (conc), hooped column.colodión m, collodion. columnar (geol) (miner), columnar,colofon ia/, resin. columnata / , row of columns, colonnade,cologaritmo m, cologarithm. columpio m, bascule, any device with a swingingcoloidal, colloidal. motion,coloide m, colloid. coluvial (geol), colluvial.colon ia/, (PR) sugar plantation; (A) farm; (lab) collado 77i, hill; saddle, gap, pass, colony, collar m (mec), collar, collet.color m, color. -----de bolas, ball race (bearing).color de recocido, temper color, -----de cementar (pet), cementing collar. amarillo, yellow, -----de circulación (pet), mud collar. amarillo claro, light yellow, -----del excéntrico (mv), eccentric strap. amarillo de paja, straw color, -----de hincar (pi), drive sleeve. amarillo oscuro, dark yellow, -----de mástil (cn), mast collar. amarillo pálido, faint yellow, -----de perforación (pet), drill collar. azul, blue. -----de terraja (m h)(A), threading die. azul brillante, bright blue, -----de tope, stop collar. azul oscuro, dark blue, -----de vaciado (tub)(V ), joint runner. azul puro, full blue, -----micrométrico, micrometer collar. blanco, white. -----para rueda (fc), wheel seat. castaño amarillento, brown yellow. -----poratescobillas (elóc), brush ring. castaño purpúreo, purple brown. collarín ra, collar. castaño rojizo moteado, spotted red brown. -----de empuje, thrust collar. cereza claro, light cherry. -----del prensaestopas, gland. negro rojizo, black red. collera / (fc)(A ), a length of track between two pajizo oscuro, dark straw. pairs of opposite joints, pajizo pálido, pale straw. coma / (fma), coma. púrpura, purple. cornalón m (eléc)(C), come-along clamp, rojo cereza mediano, medium cherry red. comando m, control. rojo cereza oscuro, dark cherry red. -----a distancia, remote control. rojo cereza puro, full cherry red. -----digital, finger-tip control. rojo de sangre oscuro, dark blood red. comarca / , region, territory, salmon, salmon, com b a /, warp, wind, bulge; camber; (rd) crown; salmón claro, light salmon, (Pe) maul, sledge; (auto)(A) caster; (ra) color patrón, standard color, (Sp) antinode, loop. colorante m, coloring matter, ----- de canto (mad), crook. colorimetria/ , colorimetry, -----de piano (mad), bow. colorimetrico, colorimetric, combada de oxígeno disuelto (is), oxygen sag. colorímetro m, colorimeter, com badura/, warping, bulging; camber; sag. co lp a /, copperas; (min)(Pe) a silver ore. combar, to camber; to bend; (Ch) to strike with columna /, column. a maul; combarse, to sag, warp, bulge; ----- cerrada, box column. (na) to hog. -----combinada, combination column. com b ersa / (to)(A ), valley, -----compuesta, (str) built-up column; (conc) combés m, waist of a ship, composite column. combinación / (mat)(quim), combination, ----- de agua (fc), water column. combinado químicamente, chemically combined, ----- de asiento esférico, round-end column. combinador w (elec), controller. -----de barras Z, Z-bar column. -----de gobierno, master controller. -----de burbujeo (pet), bubble column. -----magnético, full-magnetic controller. -----de caja, box column. combinarse (quim), to combine, -----de celosía, latticed column. combo m, maul, sledge, -----de dirección (auto), steering column. comburente m a, combustible, -----de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. combustibilidad / , combustibility, -----de extremo fijo, fixed-end column. combustible m, fuel; a combustible. -----de fraccionamiento, fractionating tower. ----- de seguridad, safety fuel. ----- de fundición, cast-iron column. -----tipo, reference fuel. -----de plancha y ángulos, plate-and-angle col­ combustion / , combustion. umn. -----a presión invariable, constant-pressure com­ -----de planchas atiesadoras, battened column. bustion. ----- escalonada (est), stepped column. -----a volumen constante, constant-volume com­ ----- fénix, Phoenix column. bustion. ----- H , H column. -----espontánea, spontaneous combustion. ----- Lally, Lally column. -----fraccionada, fractional combustion. -----positiva (eléc), positive column. -----fumívora, smokeless combustion. -----reguladora (hid), surge tank, standpipe. -----retardada, afterburning. -----tubular, steel-pipe column. combustóleo m, fuel oil. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 99. combustóleo 86 compreso----- de calefacción, furnace . oil ----- interior, inside calipers.-----Diesel, Diesel oil. ----- micrometrico, micrometer calipers.-----para buques, bunker oil. ----- para huecos, inside calipers.comején m, termite. ----- portalápiz, pencil compass.comerciable, marketable; merchantable (grade), ----- universal, universal compasses.comisaría/, commissary, compensación/, compensation; balancing; take-comisariato m (Ec), commissary, up. ^comisario (m) de averías (seg), average surveyor, ----- de bajos (ra), bass compensation.comisión / , committee, commission; (surv)(C) ----- de la brújula, compass compensation. party, corps; (com) commission. ----- de la pendiente (fc), grade compensation-----de estudios (C), survey party. (for curvature).compacidad / (o t)(V )(P R ), compaction, com­ ----- de tierra (ra)(Es), counterpoise. pactness. ----- de tierras (ot), balancing cuts and fills.compactación/ , compacting, consolidating, ----- por accidentes de trabajo, workmen’s com­compacto, compact, dense, pensation.compañía /, company, corporation. compensador m, compensator (all senses) ; equal­-----anónima, ptock company, corporation. izer, adjuster.-----aseguradora, insurance company. ----- armónico (auto), harmonic balancer.-----colectiva, partnership. ----- de arranque (elèe), starting compensator.-----fiadora, bonding company. ----- de freno, brake adjuster.-----por acciones (C), stock company. ----- de impedancia (elèe), impedance compen­comparador m, comparator; comparer. sator.-----de banco, bench comparator. ----- de pérdida de tension (elèe), line-drop com­-----de bloque, block comparator. pensator.-----de color, color comparator. ----- de ruedas (auto)(A), wheel balancer.-----de pie, pedestal comparator. -----elevador (elèe), balancer-booster.comparágrafo m (fma), comparagraph. compensar, to compensate (all senses); to bal­compartidor m (A), official charged with the dis­ ance, equalize, tribution of irrigation water, competencia / , competence, fitness, capacity;compartimiento m, compartment, (rr) stateroom. competitive bidding, competition; (r) com­-----de calderas (cn)(A ), boiler room. petence,-----de mando (co), driving compartment. competente (geol), competent,-----de máquinas (cn)(A ), engine room. complejo m a, complex.comparto m (irr)(A), division box. ----- fundamental (geol), basal complex.compás m, compass, dividers, calipers. complementario (mat), complementary,-----con arco, wing compass or dividers; quadrant complemento m (mat), complement, compass. complexo a, complex.-----de agrimensor, surveyor’s compass. componente m / , component (all senses) ; (chem)-----de bisección, bisecting dividers. constituent.-----de calibres (Es), calipers. ----- desvatada (elèe), wattless component.-----de corredera (Es), slide caliper. -----electromagnética (ra), magnetic component.-----de cuadrante (Es), wing compass or dividers. ----- en fase (elèe), inphase component.-----de division, dividers. ----- harmonica (elèe), harmonic component.-----de división a resorte, hairspring or spring ----- negativa de secuencia (elèe), negative se­ dividers. quence component.-----de espesor, calipers, outside calipers. ----- nula de secuencia (elèe), zero sequence com­-----de espirales, volute compass. ponent.-----de exterior, outside calipers. ----- positiva de secuencia (elèe), positive se­-----de gruesos, calipers, outside calipers. quence component.-----de mar, mariner’s compass. -----vatada (elèe), active or inphase component.-----de marcar, scribing compass. componer, to repair, overhaul,-----de muelle, bow pencil or pen or dividers. composición / (quim)(mat), composition,-----de precisión, hair compass, hairspring di­ composturas / , repairs, viders. compound a (m v)(eléc), compound.-----de proporción, proportional dividers. -----cruzado, cross-compound.-----de punta fija o de punta seca, dividers. -----en tándem, tandem-compound.-----de reducción, proportional dividers. compoundaje m, compounding,-----de regla (B), beam compass. comprador m, buyer,-----de trazar, draftsman’s compass. compregnado, compregnated (plywood),----- de tres piernas, triangular compass. compresibilidad / , compressibility,-----de vara, beam compass, trammel. compresible, compressible,-----deslizante, beam compass. compresimetro m (A), compression gage,-----divisor, dividers. compresión / , compression.-----giratorio, rotating or drop spring or rivet -----de dos etapas, two-stage compression. compass. compresivo, compressive,-----hermafrodita, hermaphrodite caliper. compreso, compressed. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 100. compresómetro 87 compuestocompresómetro m, compression gage, compres- desagüe o de evacuación* sluice or waste -----de someter . gate.compresor m, compressor. -----de deslizamiento, sliding gate.-----de ángulo, angle compressor. -----de doble cuña, double-disk gate (valve).---- de anillo (herr), piston-ring compressor. -----de esclusa, sluice gate; lock gate, floodgate.-----de chorro (aa), jet compressor. -----de guillotina, shear gate; sliding gate.-----de un grado, single-stage compressor. -----de limpia, sluice gate (dam).-----de volumen (ra), volume compressor. -----de marea, tide gate, floodgate. — en línea recta, straight-line compressor. -----de orugas, caterpillar or Broome gate.-----multigradual, multistage compressor. -----de paso, shutoff gate.compresores gemelos, duplex compressor, -----de perforación (pet), drill gate.compresora / , compressor. -----de postigo (turb), wicket gate.-----a correa, belt-driven compressor. -----de purga, sluice gate. — a motor, motor-driven compressor. -----de retención, backwater gate.-----axial, axial-flow compressor. -----de rodamiento, roller gate.-----centrífuga de aletas radiales, radial-blade -----de rodillos, fixed-wheel gate, truck-type centrifugal compressor. gate; Stoney gate; coaster gate. -----de aletas corredizas, sliding-vane rotary ----- de ruedas fijas, fixed-wheel gate. compressor. ----- de sector, sector gate; drum gate.-----de cinco grados, five-stage compressor. -----de sector rodante, rolling sector gate. -----elevadora, booster compressor. -----de segmento, segmental or Tainter gate.-----móvil, portable compressor. ----- de servicio (irr), delivery gate.-— neumática (M ), air compressor. -----de tablero engoznado, hinged-leaf gate,-----rociadora, spraying compressor. shutter weir.-----rotativa, rotary compressor. * -----de tambor, drum gate. compresorista m, operator of a compressor, -----de tiro, damper (flue). comprimible, compressible, -----de tolva (ag), bin gate. comprimir, to compress, compact, ----- de toma, intake or head gate. comprobación (/) del tránsito (Ec), tracing (a -----de urgencia, emergency gate. shipment). -----de vagón (Es), truck-type or fixed-wheel comprobador m, checker; tester. gate. -----de contadores, meter tester. -----deflectora (aa), deflecting damper. comprobante m, voucher. -----derivadora (irr), delivery gate, turnout, divi­ -----de venta, bill of sale. sion gate. comprobar, to check, verify; to prove, -----desarenadora, sand or sluice gate. compuerta / , (hyd) gate; (bldg) half door; (tk) ----- descargadora, sluice or waste gate. gate; (V) bulkhead in a concrete form. ----- deslizable (A), coaster gate. -----abatible (co), down-folding gate. -----desripiadora (Ch), sluice gate. ----- acuñada (vá), wedge gate. -----desviadora, diversion gate. -----aforadora, metergate. -----elevadora o levadiza, rising gate. -----basculante, tilting gate. ----- estranguladora (aa), throttling damper. -----Broome, Broome or caterpillar gate. -----flotante (ds), caisson. -----cilindrica, rolling or roller gate; ring gate. -----medidora (irr), metergate. -----de abanico (M ), Tainter or radial gate. ----- partidora (irr), bifurcation or division gate. -----de abatimiento, bear-trap gate; drum gate. ----- piloto, filler gate. -----de aguja, needle valve. ----- radial, radial or Tainter gate; (min) arc gate. -----de aletas ajustables (aa), multiple-louver -----radial inferior (min), underswung arc gate. damper. -----radial superior (min), overhung arc gate. -----de alzas, bear-trap gate, roof weir. ----- rodante, roller gate; rolling sector gate. -----de anillo, ring gate. -----trasera (co), tail gate. -----de anillo corredor (Col), ring-follower gate. -----trasera cargadora, tail-gate loader. -----de anillo estancador, ring-seal gate. -----tubular (Es), gate valve. -----de anillo seguidor, ring-follower gate. compuertas -----de arco (min), arc or radial gate. ----- de demasías, spillway gates. ---- de arco inferior (min), underswung arc gate. ----- de derrame, spillway or crest gates. -----de arco superior (min), overhung arc gate. -----del-umbral, crest gates. -----de arranque, head gate. compuesto m, a compound; a compound, (str) ----- de basuras, skimming gate. built up. ----- de bifurcación (irr), bifurcation gate. -----aditivo (quím), addition compound or -----de buzón (ag), bin gate. product. -----de cabecera, head gate. -----aislador, insulating compound. -----de cierre anular, ring-seal gate. -----dé cortar (mh), cutting compound. ----- de cizalla, shear gate. -----de curación (conc), curing compound. -----de cola (co), tail gate. ----- de enfriamiento, cooling compound; (mt) -----de cuña, wedge gate (valve). cutting compound. ----- de chapaleta o de charnela, flap gate. -----de pulir, lapping or buffing compound. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 101. compuesto 88 condensador-----retacar, calking compound de . -----fresco, green concrete.----- de sellar (elèe), sealing compound. -----graso, rich concrete.----- de soldar, soldering paste; brazing com­ -----grueso, harsh concrete. pound. ----- magro o pobre, lean concrete.-----de tarrajar, thread dope. -----premezclado, ready-mixed or plant-mixed----- desincrustante, boiler compound. concrete.-----impermeabilizador, waterproofing com­ -----premoldeado, precast concrete. pound. -----reforzado, reinforced concrete.----- inflamable (voi), flash compound. -----simple, plain concrete.----- para banda, belt dressing. -----tieso, stiff concrete.-----para cable, cable compound or dressing. -----trabajable, workable concrete.----- para enchufes (tub), joint compound. concurrente (mat)(seg), concurrent.----- para engranajes, gear compound. concursante, bidder.----- para roscas, thread paste. concurso m, meeting, assembly.-----para terminador de cable (elèe), pothead -----de acreedores, creditors’ meeting. compound. ----- de competencia (A), competitive bidding.----- químico, chemical compound. concusión / , concussion.----- sellador de juntas (ca), joint-sealing com­ ^concha / , shell, casing; boiler scale; (V) mill pound. scale; (V) scale of rust; (ce)(M ) scalepan,com putador?» (inst)(M ), computer, skip.computar, to compute, calculate, ----- de almeja, (bu) clamshell.computista to, computer, conchabador to (A ), labor contractor,computo to, computation, conchabero to (Col), taskworker, pieceworker,comunicación / , communication, conchífero, containing shells,concadenamiento m, linkage, conchudo, shelly, shaly.concavidad/, concavity, condensable, condensable,cóncavo to, cóncava /, cavity, hollow, condensación / , condensation,cóncavo a, concave, dished, condensado to, condensate,cóncavo-convexo, concave-convex, condensador to (mec)(eléc)(fma), condenser,concentración / , concentration. (elee) capacitor. -----en seco (min), dry concentration. -----a vacío, vacuum condenser. — hidrogeniónica (pa), hydrogen-ion concen­ -----acorazado, shell-and-tube condenser. tration. -----atmosférico (aa)(rfg), atmospheric con­-----por venteo (m in), dry blowing. denser.concentrado to, a concentrate; a concentrated, -----cerámico (elèe), ceramic capacitor.concentrador to, concentrator, ----- compensador (ra), balancing condenser.concentrar, to concentrate, ----- de acoplamiento (ra), coupling capacitor orconcentricidad / , concentricity, condenser.concéntrico, concentric. ----- de aire (elèe), air condenser.con cesión/, concession, grant; (mech) allowance. -----de bajas pérdidas (ra), low-loss condensen-----social, corporate franchise or charter. / -----de bloqueo (eléc), stopping or blocking con­concesionar (M ), to grant a concession, denser.concesionario to, holder of a concession, licensee, ----- de casco, shell-and-tube condenser. grantee. ----- de contraflujo (aa), counterflow condenser.conconete to (M ), small irrigation ditch, -----de corrientes opuestas, countercurrent con­concordancia (f) de fases (elèe), phase coinci­ denser. dence. ----- de corrientes paralelas, parallel-flow con­concreción / (geol), concretion, denser.concrecional, concretionary, ----- de chorro, jet condenser.concrecionar, to sinter, ----- de chorro múltiple, multijet condenser.concretar, to concrete, ----- de décadas (ra), decade condenser or capaci­concreterà / (C ), concrete mixer, tor.concreto to, (cons) concrete; (su) concrete, con­ -----de derivación (ra), by-pass condenser. crete sugar. ----- de doble flujo, double-flow or two-pass con­------a soplete (AC), gunite. denser.-----acorazado, armored concrete. -----de electrolito pastoso, dry electrolitic capac­-----agrio, harsh concrete. itor.----- aguado, sloppy concrete. -----de Altro (ra), filter capacitor.-----armado, reinforced concrete. ----- de inundación, flooded condenser.----- ciclópeo, cyclopean concrete. -----de inyección, jet condenser.-----de cenizas, cinder concrete. -----de pasaje (A), by-pass condenser.-----de clavar, nailing concrete, Nailcrete (trade­ -----de paso (eléc), by-pass condenser. mark). -----de paso múltiple, multiflow condenser.-----de escorias, slag concrete; (C) cinder con­ ----- de placa (eléc), plate condenser. crete. -----de reflujo, reflux condenser.-----en masa, mass concrete. -----de rejilla (ra), grid condenser. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 102. condensador 89 conductor-----rocío, shower condenser de . -----de captación (Pe), intake pipe.-----de superficie, surface condenser. ------de cuatro pasos (eléc), four-way cable----- de un paso, single-flow condenser. duct.----- de vapor acuoso, vapor condenser. -----de desagüe, sewer, drain.----- fraccionador, fractionating condenser. — ■de desembanque (presa), silt sluice.-----múltiple (ra), gang condenser. -----de desfogue (hid), sluiceway, wasteway.• - neutralizador (ra), neutralizing capacitor. -----de entrada (ds), filling culvert. ---- patrón, standard capacitor. -----de espuma (az), foam canal. ---- radial, radial-flow condenser. -----de evacuación, outlet pipe; sluiceway.-----regulable (eléc), variable or adjustable con­ -----de fibra (eléc), fiber conduit, fiber-duct race­ denser. way.----- rotatorio (eléc), rotary or synchronous con­ -----de humo, flue. denser. ----- de impulsión (hid), force main.------ sintonizador (ra), tuning condenser. -----de irrigación, irrigation canal.-----sumergido (aa)(rfg), submerged condenser. -----de servicio (eléc), service conduit.■ - variable (ra), trimmer or variable condenser. -----de tormenta (Es)(A), storm-water sewer. condensar, to condense, -----de troncos (ef), log slide, dry slide, slip, log con den sita/ (eléc), Condensite (trademark), chute. conducción / , conduction; transportation, cart­ -----de vaciamiento (ds), emptying culvert. age; (auto) driving. -----de ventilación, ventilation duct.----- de calor, thermal conduction. -----de vía única (eléc), single-duct conduit.----- delantera (auto) (M ), front drive. -----eductor (aa), exhaust duct.----- electrolítica (quim), electrolytic conduction. -----eléctrico, electric conduit, raceway. -----final (auto) (M ), final drive. -----fibroso flexible (eléc), loom, flexible tubing. -----rasante (P R ), gravity conduit. -----forzado (hid), pressure conduit, penstock. conducir, to carry, conduct, convey; (auto) to -----metálico flexible (eléc), flexible metallic con­ drive. duit, flexible raceway. conductancia /, conductance. -----metálico superficial (eléc), surface metal ----- anòdica (ra), plate conductance. raceway, metal molding, wireway. -----de dispersión (eléc), leakage conductance, -----múltiple (eléc), multiple-duct conduit. leakance. -----para barras colectoras (eléc), busway. -----de entrada (ra), input conductance. -----para hielo (hid), ice chute. -----de grilla (ra), grid conductance. -----para zócalo (eléc), baseboard raceway. -----electródica (ra), electrode or grid or plate -----pluvial, storm-water sewer; roof leader. conductance. -----por gravitación (hid), gravity conduit. -----específica (is), specific conductance. ----- portacable (eléc), cable duct. -----molar (quim), molar conductance, molecular ----- simple (eléc), single-duct conduit. conductivity. • -----sin fondo (eléc), open-bottom raceway. -----unitaria de convección (aa), unit convection — -superficial de alambres (eléc), wireway, sur­ conductance, film coefficient for convec­ face raceway, molding. tion. -----superficial de madera (eléc), surface wooden conductibilidad / , conductivity. raceway, wood molding. -----calorífica, thermal conductivity. -----surtidor, supply pipe. conductividad / , conductivity. conductométrico (quim), conductometric. ----- magnética, magnetic conductivity, perme­ conductómetro m, conductometer. ability. conductor m, (elee) conductor; (rr) conductor -----molecular, molecular conductivity, molar (auto) driver, chauffeur; (Sp) motorman conductance. operator of a machine; conveyor, carrier -----térmica, thermal conductivity. (w) lead; a (elee) conductive. conductivo (eléc), conductive, -----a tierra, ground wire, grounding conductor. conducto m, conduit, flume, aqueduct; duct; -----a tierra de la red, system grounding conduc­ flue; chute; (elee) conduit. tor. ----- celular (eléc), conduit (street). -----compuesto (eléc), composite conductor. ----- de abastecimiento (hid), supply line, aque­ -----de alimentación, feed wire, feeder. duct. -----de arrastre, drag conveyor. ----- de aceite, oil duct or groove; oil pipe. ----- de artesas, pan conveyor. ----- de aducción, supply line, aqueduct, supply -----de bagacillo (az), trash conveyor. pipe; supply duct. -----de bagazo (az), bagasse carrier. ----- de alambres, wireway, raceway, electric con­ -----de bateas, pan conveyor. duit. -----de caña (az), cane carrier. ----- de arcilla vitrificada, clay conduit. -----de cinta en espiral, ribbon conveyor. -----de banqueta (hid), bench flume. -----de contacto (eléc), contact conductor. ----- de barro vitrificado, vitrified-tile conduit. -----de correa, belt conveyor. ----- de basuras (hid), trash chute. -----de cubetas, bucket conveyor or elevator. ----- de caja (hid), box flume. -----de cubiletes (C), bucket conveyor. ----- de calibración (hid), rating flume. -----de entrada (eléc), lead-in wire. www.FreeLibros.com www.FreeLibros.com
  • 103. conductor 90 conmutador ----- entrada de servicio (eléc), service particular (tu b)(eléc), house connection. de ----- en­ trance conductor . ----- perfecta a tierra (eléc), dead earth or ground. -----de estera (C), apron conveyor. ----- por enchufe, (elec) plug connection; (p) bell- ----- de gusano, screw conveyor.