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Funcion comunicativas de los textos
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Funcion comunicativas de los textos


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  • 1. Universidad Nacional Experimental “Francisco de Miranda” Licdo. Zárraga Richard Función comunicativa de los Textos
  • 2. Función Comunicativa de TextosFunción Comunicativa de Textos Según la estructura predominante que presente un texto, se podría definir la función comunicativa del mismo. Narrativos Descriptivos Instruccionales Argumentativos Narrativos Descriptivos Instruccionales Argumentativos
  • 3. Su objetivo es contar, relatar uno o varios sucesos o eventos acontecidos en un marco temporal y espacial y que son llevados a cabo por personas específicas. Contienen una reseña del lugar, momento, personajes, y otras características de la historia o relato a ser contados. El desarrollo consiste en contar un evento, problema acontecido, o aspectos importantes de la vida de algún personaje. El final, comúnmente incluye el desenlace de la historia y/o una moraleja acerca de la misma. Los tiempos verbales predominantes presente y pasado. Algunos ejemplos: Biografías, cuentos, novelas, etc. Función Comunicativa Narrativa
  • 4. Rudolf Diesel was born in Paris in 1858. His parents were Bavarian immigrants. Rudolf Diesel was educated at Munich Polytechnic. After graduation he was employed as a refrigerator engineer. However, his true love lay in engine design. Rudolf Diesel designed many heat engines, including a solar-powered air engine. In 1893, he published a paper describing an engine with combustion within a cylinder, the internal combustion engine. In 1894, he filed for a patent for his new invention, dubbed the diesel engine. Rudolf Diesel was almost killed by his engine when it exploded. However, his engine was the first that proved that fuel could be ignited without a spark. He operated his first successful engine in 1897. In 1898, Rudolf Diesel was granted patent #608,845 for an "internal combustion engine" the Diesel engine. The diesel engines of today are refined and improved versions of Rudolf Diesel's original concept. They are often used in submarines, ships, locomotives, and large trucks and in electric generating plants.
  • 5. Su fin primordial es ofrecer información detallada con relación a un objeto, evento o persona. Se aprecia gran cantidad de adjetivos relacionados con edad, color, forma, tamaño, peso, etc. de personas y objetos. Las descripciones se realizan de arriba hacia abajo o de abajo hacia arriba en términos de apariencia física, funciones y propiedades (origen, localización, color, forma, material, etc.) de los elementos principales del texto. Pueden apreciarse comparaciones (more...than; less…than; similar, different, etc.). Generalmente estos textos se presentan en tiempo presente y pasado. Ejemplos: Reporte de actividades, descripción de sustancias, objetos, lugares o personas, descripciones generales de trabajos o procesos. Función Comunicativa Descriptiva
  • 6. Caffeine is one of the most widely used stimulants. It is found in common foods and drinks (coffee, tea, and chocolate), as well as in several varieties of painkillers. It is an ingredient in many soft drinks, notably colas. In moderate amounts, it seems to have no life- threatening effects on the user. At some point, a mild dependence may develop. Caffeine temporarily increases cellular metabolism (the general process of converting food into energy), which then results in a burst of newfound energy. It also blocks the effects of some inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain (Julien, 1985). Caffeine disrupts sleep, making it more difficult to get to sleep in the first place and more difficult to stay asleep. After long or excessive use, giving up sources of caffeine may result in the pain of withdrawal. If you tend to drink a lot of coffee and cola during the week, but take a break from them during the weekend, you may experience headaches of caffeine withdrawal. You may drink coffee to help stay awake to withstand an all night study session, but in a few hours after you stop drinking the caffeine, you may experience a streak of extreme mental and physical fatigue-perhaps right at exam time!
  • 7. Tienen como objetivo ofrecer una serie de órdenes o instrucciones para llevar a cabo pasos y finalmente lograr una meta. En algunos se observa la presencia de conectores como: first, second, then, afterwards, finally, etc. Abundantes verbos en infinitivo sin “to”. Ejemplo: “Read the instructions”, “Clean the materials before using them”. Ejemplos: Manuales de uso de aparatos, recetas de cocina, instrucciones o pasos para armar equipos o dispositivos, etc. Función Comunicativa Instructivo
  • 8. Safety tips in the house Install smoke detectors and keep them in working order. Keep emergency numbers next to the telephone. Don’t plug too many appliances into the same wall outlet or extension cord. Keep medicines and vitamins clearly labelled and tore them in childproof containers. Keep knives and sharp objects in a safe place.
  • 9. La argumentación se presenta como la función comunicativa donde se puede apreciar claramente la posición del autor con respecto a un determinado tema, puesto que ésta es una forma de expresión que presenta opiniones, hechos o ideas sobre un tema expuesto con el propósito de persuadir. Es decir, consiste en apoyar y defender una idea planteada con claridad y firmeza. Función Comunicativa Argumentativo Presentación Exposición de los hechos Propuesta Planteamiento de la hipótesis que se propone defender. Demostración Explicación de las causas, razones, ideas o hechos que trata de demostrar Conclusión Exposición de las consecuencias de la demostración y formulación de propuestas
  • 10. How to Make Your Messages Memorable When a piece of communication is to the point, relevant, worthwhile, and compelling, it moves you the listener or reader to action. Moving people is not magic, it’s all about effective communication. Anyone can achieve effective communication by using a simple tool that has an uncanny ability to pinpoint, why any message works or doesn’t work, and how to improve it. It’s called the 4Cs Model, which stands for Comprehension, Connection, Credibility, and Contagiousness. The 4Cs Model was originally developed as an assessment tool for evaluating the impact of advertising and marketing materials. Brands such as Dunkin’ Donuts, Suave Shampoo, and Breyers Ice Cream used the 4Cs Model to develop marketing campaigns that really spoke to people and built an emotional connection with their consumers. The good news is that you don’t have to be an expert writer or advertising genius to accomplish messaging mastery. The beauty of the 4Cs Model is that it’s easy to understand and simple to apply to every piece of communication you produce at work whether it's a résumé, an email, newsletter article, marketing piece, PowerPoint, or blog. When you use get into the habit of applying the 4Cs to every type of communication you generate, managers, coworkers, clients, and customers will take notice.
  • 11. Thank you very much for your attention. Thank you very much for your attention.