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Multi-modal transportation, dissertation brief

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dissertation brief

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Multi-modal transportation, dissertation brief

  1. 1. DISSERTATION ON MULTI-MODAL TRANSPORTATION HUB BY :- Piyush Kumar (11636 ) B.Arch 4TH Year Guide :- Ar. Amanjeet Kaur
  2. 2. Aim To study the need and uses of multi- modal transportation and the circulation involves in it .
  3. 3. Objective  To study and understand the transitional area at multi-modal.  To determine the uses and requirement associated with it.  To study in detail the interchange of the multi- modal and the circulation involves in it .  To recommend design guidelines for transitional area .
  4. 4. Scope  Primary study focus on uses of multi-modal transportation hub.  The pattern of the movement of passenger in multi - modal transportation .  The study of transitional area at modal interface is restricted to that of different modes of surface transport only.
  5. 5. Limitation of the study  Due to time constrain do not permit an in- depth study of modal interface between Air & water transport .  Due to time constrain do not permit the study of freight multi-modal transportation.  Due to the complexity and scale of the problem the detail study is not done .
  6. 6. Abstract In our system for shortest paths from A to B where we combine two types of networks: The road network and the public transportation network . The result is a multi-modal network. we also minimize in combination with the number of transfers walking between and to stations. It turns out that the time dependent approach is about four times faster in average when we only use travel time and the number of transfers as criteria costs.
  7. 7. Content  Introduction  Need for the study  Methodology  Definitions  Components of a multimodal transport system  Conventional Transportation Planning  Multi-Modal Transportation Planning  Passenger Requirement
  8. 8. Introduction  Transportation has been identified not only as a key sector in the economic development of a country, but also a prime generator of its urban form . The main element in any modern transportation system are the network , the transportation system , the fixed facility and the passengers . Among these the fixed facility or the terminal play a pivotal role as the transport capacity of most agency is controlled by the abitity of their facility to process & handle the flow of passenger and
  9. 9. Need of study The chaos that exists in most terminals today shows a lack of understanding of the very complex characteristics of interchange . There is a urgent need to look into the design requirement of model interchange to make them safe, convenient and aesthetically pleasing. Its is a fact that terminals due to a lack of organisation & sensitive design consideration have become one of the major problem of the transportation industry today . It should be noted that problem associated with terminals in general get compounded where intra-model and multi-modal interchanges takes place simultaneously .
  10. 10. Need of study This entire area comprises of the built form of the terminal plaza , the parking area and all other surrounding open and semi open spaces . It is simply not enough to put up a building in isolation . This entire transitional area at the modal interface need to be addressed by designing and planning .
  11. 11. Methodology Litrature study :-  Characteristics of multi-modal in term of purpose , time and distance. 1. Uses associated with interchange terminals. 2. Passenger amenity facility 3. Pedestrian and vehicular movement 4. Special requirement for the aged and handicapped .  Parking characteristics and user habit in a interchange Terminal
  12. 12. Definitions Multimodal :- When more than one mode is involved, each mode provides “access” to the next in a chain connect the term ‘multimodal’ is used to represent the system with more than one mode, and the term ‘intermodal’ to represent the connection between any two of these elements. ting an origin to a destination.
  13. 13.  Waiting :-This is defined as the duration between the a user’s arrival to a transport terminal and the actual entry into the vehicle of the mode in question.  In-vehicle travel :- This is the duration of time on the vehicle.  Transfer :- This is defined as the duration between one getting out of the previous mode and arriving at the entrance point of the following mode.
  14. 14.  Modes of Transport :- The method of transport used for the movement e.g. by rail, road, sea or air.  Means of Transport :- The vehicle used for transport, e.g. ship, bus or aircraft.  Unimodal Transport :- The transport by one mode of transport only, where each agencies issues his own transport .
  15. 15. Case study  London london’s overall public transport network is characterised by a well-established rail network complemented by an extensive bus network and a ferry network. These networks are integrated by multi-modal stations designed for ease of interchange for high volumes of passengers. At major stations, purpose built bus interchanges have been developed to be within walking distance of the railway and underground stations, often manned by bus station staff and furbished with real time information systems (e.g. Countdown – which shows the number of minutes until the next bus is due to arrive).
  16. 16. Case study  Hong Kong Hong Kong public transport services include railways, trams, buses, minibuses, taxis and ferries. This results in very high public transit mode share (90%) and very low vehicle ownership rates (50 vehicles per 1000 population). Hong Kong transport services are provided by several operators.
  17. 17. Case study  Singapore Singapore is considered an international leader in integrated multi-modal transport planning. It established the world’s first area licensing and electronic road pricing systems, and uses a quota system to limit vehicle ownership. The government makes continued investments in transport infrastructure.
  18. 18. Conventional Transportation Planning  A transport planning process typically includes the following steps:  Monitor existing conditions.  Forecast future population and employment growth, and identify major growth corridors.  Identify current and projected future transport problems and needs, and various projects and strategies to address those needs.  Evaluate and prioritize potential improvement projects and strategies.  Develop long-range plans and short-range  programs identifying specific capital projects and operational strategies.  Develop a financial plan for implementing the selected projects and strategies.
  19. 19. Multi-Modal Transportation Planning  Multi-modal planning refers to planning that considers various modes (walking, cycling automobile, public transit, etc.) and connections among modes. 1. Traffic impact studies evaluate traffic impacts and mitigation strategies for a particular development or project. 2. ocal transport planning develops municipal and neighborhood transport plans.
  20. 20. 3. Regional transportation planning develops plans for a metropolitan region. 4. Strategic transportation plans develop long- range plans, typically 20-40 years into the future 5. Corridor transportation plans identify projects and programs to be implemented on a specific corridor, such as along a particular highway, bridge or route. 6. Mode- or area-specific transport plans identify ways to improve a particular mode.
  21. 21. Passenger Requirement  Minimum transfer time and distance between modes by providing efficient circulation system vertical movement facilities – Lift , escalators , ramps staircase etc.  Horizontal movement facilitators conveyor belt , walkway moveable platform etc.  Special care should be taken to enable easy movement for the handicapped, aged, pregnant etc.  Comfort weather protection seating / resting facilities , refreshment toilets , phone booth , adequate illumination etc.
  22. 22. REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY  Florida Department of Transportation. Multimodal Transportation Districts and Multimodal Area wide Quality of Service Handbook. November 2003.  Todd Litman (2012), Toward More Comprehensive and Multi-modal Transport Evaluation, VTPI  (; at  BCMoT (2008), 2008/09–2010/11 Service Plan, British Columbia Ministry of Transportation  (; at f.
  23. 23. THANK YOU