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The Greek Educational System Greece’s Education System hasundergone several effective changesthroughout years. Its last change was in2000, when senior highmultidisciplinary schools were split intolyceums and technological vocationalschools.
School life starts early in Greece sinceparents are obliged to enroll their childrenin “Νηπιαγωγείο”, which is known asnursery school or Kindergarten, usually atthe age of 3. The Greek kindergarten consists oftwo consequent grades, which pupilsnecessarily attend, in order to bepromoted to primary school level.
“Δημοτικό” (Demotikon) is theelementary or primary education school,and consists of six grades. Greek pupils enter the primary schoolapproximately at the age of six. A school year consists of three semesters and marks begin from 0 to 10.
Gymnasium (junior high school) is thefirst level of secondary education, andthe last obligatory one. A student isneeded an elementary school’sdischarge paper to attend this school.
It consists of three grades, and thepromotion to each sequent level requiresqualification in final exams at the end ofeach school year, only for the primarysubjects. A school year also consists of threesemesters but unlike the previouseducation level, students are evaluatedwith marks from 0 to 20.
After completing 9 years of totaleducation and receiving the mediumbaccalaureate, Greek students chooseeither to stop or continue theirsecondary education. In the public sector, there are 3options: Lyceum, Technical VocationalSchool and Vocational Educational.
In the first grade of Lyceum, all studentsattend the same subjects. School examsexist like in the junior high school for thequalification to the next grade. The second grade is when students areneeded to choose a separate thematicdirection of subjects that corresponds totheir future preference of faculty in thetertiary education, while still attending avariety of common general subjects.
In this third year, students are askedif they wish to change their previousgrade direction or not. At the end of this year, nationalexams are held to decide the numberof qualifiers to public tertiaryeducation.
Technical Vocational Schools are verypopular among students who do notwant to be “overloaded” with the“heavy” subjects of the Lyceum, and wishto obtain a specialty after completing theattendance. The attendance of TechnicalVocational Schools also lasts 3 years.Technical Vocational Schools includesome common subjects with the Lyceumsince the 1st grade.
During the 2nd grade, students areneeded to choose 2 specialtycorrelative subjects, depending onthe local school’s availability.
Vocational Educational Schoolsare a branch of post-junior secondaryeducation that offer the opportunity toattend a sole cycle of subjectscorresponding to a specific manualprofession such as Car Engineering,Plumbing, Electrics, Refrigerant. Theattendance lasts only 2 years.
School exams are needed in order toattend public university faculties.Irrespective of the direction that astudent has chosen, he/she may applyfor entering any type of faculty, afterhe/she has had his results received. Allthe faculties of the tertiary education aredivided to 5 groups: Humanities,Sciences, Health Sciences, Economics andMilitary Schools.