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2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session IV–Policies for Inclusive Development of Modern Food Value Chains

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Presentation on "Institutions of Collective Action​ and Smallholder Performance:​ Evidence from Senegal" by Fleur Wouterse, Principal Researcher at Global Center on Adaptation

Publicado en: Economía y finanzas
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2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session IV–Policies for Inclusive Development of Modern Food Value Chains

  1. 1. Institutions of Collective Action and Smallholder Performance: Evidence from Senegal Fleur Wouterse and Amy Faye
  2. 2. Context & motivation • Smallholder agriculture is exposed to persistent market failures, culminating in missed opportunities and suboptimal economic behavior. • Engagement in collective action could allow for better access to markets and more benefits from market participation for smallholders. • Rural producer organizations could play an important role in achieving Africa’s rural transformation. • Senegal’s organizations have been considered weak in delivering benefits to members. • To leverage the country’s institutional infrastructure, we need evidence on the contribution of these organizations to smallholder efficiency and their ability to commercialize collectively.
  3. 3. Senegal’s institutional infrastructure
  4. 4. Data & methods • 2017 data collected under the Projet d’Appui aux Politiques Agricoles (PAPA) • 7,000 smallholders surveyed in all rural departments of Senegal • Covers all major value chains (dry cereals, rice, and horticulture producers) • Assess technical efficiency of members and non-members using propensity score matching and stochastic frontier analysis.
  5. 5. • About 400 Water User Associations surveyed in the horticulture value chain. • Activities of organizations are diverse: • We use regression analysis to understand whether governance of the organization affects performance (collective marketing) Data & methods
  6. 6. Results: technical efficiency
  7. 7. Results: governance -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 Established by members Existence of a board Decisions made by general assembly Membership fee Regular contributions Meeting attendance Must honor commitments Profit sharing System of accountability Returns to quantity of produce sold (kg)
  8. 8. Policy implications Smallholder-level • Encouraging smallholders’ membership Producer organization-level • Robustify organizations • Maintain balance between efficiency and equity objectives • Producer organizations in Senegal are by no means dormant • The role that producer organizations can play in the achievement of the country’s economic and agricultural development is likely to be significant. • Possible interventions for further enhancement