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Legacy of India

Publicado en: Educación, Meditación
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  1. 1. India, the biggest democratic and secular land of “Unity through diversity!”
  2. 2. Legacy  As suggested by artifacts about religious and philosophical beliefs of the people, ancient India was one of extraordinary cultural brilliance, with innovations and traditions that still leave their mark on the world today.  The cultural continuity between India's past and present is unmatched in other regions of the world. The modern societies in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, the Americas and China for the most part bear little resemblance to their ancient counterparts.  The contribution runs down way back to the Vedic periods when Ayurveda, Yoga therapy, Yagya, Spiritual way of living were taught by our Rishis (Monks). Each of these famous Rishis were research scholars of their respective knowledge field.  Our culture taught to rest of the world, the basis of life, the way to live and to improve it by giving them the 3 fold path of spirituality:  Sadhana– Worship  Upasana – Self discipline  Aradhana – Selfless Service  Perhaps there is no greater compliment that can be paid to India's ancient culture than the fact that its sophisticated beliefs and reverence for life can serve as guideposts to the world today.
  3. 3. The Treasured Legacy of India  Mahatma Gandhi – My Life is my Message  Gautam Buddha – Founder of Buddhism  Rabindranath Tagore – The Poet Laureate of INDIA  Transcendental Meditation – The Stress Reliever  Yoga – Achieve Eternal Peace  Bhagwad Gita – The Divine Life  Aryabhata - Astronomer and Mathematician  Ayurveda – Complementary Medicine.  Taj Mahal – Wonder of the World  Indian Classical Dance - Bharatnatyam  Bollywood – The influential Music & Dance
  4. 4. Mahatma Gandhi  Bapu ”Father of Nation" and the "Great Soul,” Gandhi's legacy still lives on in the constant struggle towards a peaceful world, eradicated of violence and hate.  Gandhi was not the originator of principle of non-violence, but he was the first to apply it in political field on a large scale.  The peaceful and simple way he lived his life; eating a vegetarian diet for means of self- purification, and making his own clothes, he became one of the greatest political and spiritual leaders, India and world, has ever seen.  Obama's reply in response to the question 'Who was the one person, dead or alive, that you would choose to dine with?' was "Gandhi's somebody I find a lot of inspiration in. He ended up doing so much and changed the world just by the power of his ethics.”  Many other modern luminaries have been guided by this principle of non-violence in their quests for social justice, most famously Reverend Martin Luther King, who said "Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics”. In his autobiography, King notes that "Gandhi was the guiding light of our technique of non-violent social change"  John F. Kennedy and Nelson Mandela have also claimed inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi.
  5. 5. Buddhism  India's most lasting legacy is the belief in non-harm to living beings – a centerpiece of Buddhism. Buddhism is practical, rational and offers a realistic view of life and of the world.  Today Buddhism remains as a great civilizing force in the modern world. It awakens the self - respect and feeling of self - responsibility of countless people and stirs up the energy of many a nation.  Buddhism appeals to the World because it has no dogmas, and it satisfies both the reason and the heart alike. It insists on self-reliance coupled with tolerance for others.  Buddhism points to man alone as the creator of his present life and as the sole designer of his own destiny.  The Indic compassion towards all living beings and the corresponding non-violent stance has been adopted by several groups worldwide that advocate vegetarianism, animal welfare and environmental activism.
  6. 6. Rabindranath Tagore  Tagore was poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright, educationist, spiritualist, painter, lyricist, composer and singer – a rare set of distinctions, an unbelievable conjunction of talents.  His creative works, which still influence billions of people globally, are a matter of pride for the people of India. This Indian rose to international heights: he was the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1913.  The versatile genius, who was much ahead of his time, wrote in his mother tongue of Bangla. But he did not limit his message to the people who lived around him. His creative works introduced a powerful dose of love and internationalism.  Tagore's legacy is not a simple case of a poet being remembered for some memorable lines. He was a model of a person who had all the wisdoms of the past, and yet was a modernist to the core - making a beginning in several endeavors that he had undertaken in each field he traversed.  Said Martin Kämpchen, a German specialist of Tagore: "Creative writers like Tagore do not merely produce works of art, but they also create a new art of living which translates, as closely as possible, the essence of their creative impulses into a social context.”
  7. 7. Transcendental Meditation
  8. 8. Transcendental Meditation  TM is a specific form of mantra meditation developed by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. The meditation practice involves the use of a mantra and is practiced for 15–20 minutes twice per day while sitting with one's eyes closed.  It is reported to be one of the most widely practiced, and among the most widely researched, meditation techniques, with over 340 peer-reviewed studies published.  During meditation, oxygen consumption and heart rate decreased, skin resistance increased. The results distinguish the state produced by TM from commonly encountered states of consciousness and suggest that it has practical applications.  The influence of the Maharishi, and the journey to Rishikesh to meditate, weaned The Beatles from LSD and inspired them to write many new songs. The New York Times Comments "The Man Who Saved the Beatles" — in response to the passing of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
  9. 9. Yoga
  10. 10. Yoga  Yoga is a term for the physical, mental and spiritual practices with a view to attain state of permanent peace.  The word yoga means "to unite" and ancient yoga was intended to prepare the body for meditation through which individual would seek to understand his or her oneness with the totality of universe.  Once this understanding was complete, people could no more hurt another living being than themselves. Today, such practices are routinely prescribed to complement western medical and psychotherapy treatments.  Among the documented benefits of yoga and its corollary, meditation, are lowered blood pressure, greater mental acuity and stress reduction.  Many studies have determined the effectiveness of yoga as a complementary intervention for cancer, schizophrenia, asthma and heart patients. In a national survey, long-term yoga practitioners in the United States reported musculo–skeletal and mental health improvements.
  11. 11. Bhagvadgita  Bhagavad Gita is one of the world’s most important books—indeed, one of the great books of human culture, Eastern and Western alike.  Everyone reading it can completely identify with it, in his or her own personal life. All of us go through a dilemma at some point of time or the other. This is where Gita comes to our aid, guiding us to do what is right and prevent us from treading the path of wrong or sin.  The Bhagavad has had and continues to have a great influence on different types of people from several cultures around the globe, as a defining document of contemporary thought and action.  Albert Einstein stated that he was so deeply moved by the Gita that once he started contemplating on how God went about creating the universe.  Dr. Albert Schweizer said that the Gita is so profound that it deeply influences the whole spirit of mankind by its attitude of devotion to God.  No other work has had a comparable influence across cultures in binding together East and West.
  12. 12. Aryabhata  Ancient India's legacy in the field of science and mathematics is significant. Mathematics was important to the layout of religious buildings and the philosophical comprehension of the cosmos.  The fifth century AD astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata is credited with originating the modern decimal system, which is predicated on an understanding of the concept of zero. Evidence of the Indic origin of the idea of zero, including the use of a small circle to denote the numeral, is found in Sanskrit texts and inscriptions.  The place-value system was also in place in his work. While he did not use a symbol for zero, the French mathematician Georges Ifrah explains that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata's place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients.  He also worked on the approximation for PI. His definitions of sine, cosine, versine and inverse sine influenced the birth of trigonometry. He was also the first to specify sine and versine (1 − cos x) tables, in 3.75° intervals from 0° to 90°, to an accuracy of 4 decimal places.
  13. 13. Ayurveda  Ayurveda, an ancient branch of medicine and 5000 year old holistic system of healing, has eight specialized branches that correspond roughly to eight branches of western medicine.  Translating literally as "science of life", it conceives basic principles for human health and points to physical and mental balance as the means to wellbeing. This balancing is used for both prevention and treatment of illness.  Ayurveda combines a number of approaches, as changes in lifestyle, Ayurvedic medicines, cleansing or detoxifying, massage, exercise, and meditation. Overall, it aims to strengthen and purify the body and increase spiritual awareness.  It is one such approach which has no side effects.  It has gained popularity in western world as a "complementary" medicine. Laboratory and clinical studies have suggested that some Ayurvedic herbal preparations may contain substances that have the potential to prevent and treat certain types of cancer.
  14. 14. TAJ MAHAL
  15. 15. TAJ MAHAL A UNESCO World Heritage  One of the greatest architectural achievement in the world and today it is one of the most famous and recognizable buildings in the world.  Without doubt, the Taj Mahal ranks as amongst the most perfect buildings in the world, flawlessly proportionate, built entirely out of marble. A rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex and light shadow.  While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar part of the monument, Taj Mahal is an extensive complex of buildings and gardens that extends over 22.44 hectares (55 acres).  It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage.  In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage. The Taj Mahal attracts a large number of tourists. UNESCO documented more than two million visitors in 2001, including more than 200,000 from overseas.
  16. 16. Bharatanatyam  Indian Classical Dance is one of the most comprehensive and oldest dance forms in the world. Bharatanatyam is a classical Indian Dance form that is popular and nurtured in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.  It evolved as a temple art. The Devadasis (servants of God) performed dance at the temples. Dance was one of the mediums of worship. The dancer performed facing the idol of the God.  It was created "not merely for pleasure, but to embody the cosmic relationships and expressions for all the worlds. So this performing art follows the worlds' movements in all activities and states: work and leisure, calm and laughter, fight and wars.  It is a dance form known for its grace, purity, tenderness, and sculpturesque poses. "Bharatanatyam, in its highest moment, is the embodiment of music in a visual form"  Today, it is one of the most popular and widely performed dance styles and is practiced by male and female dancers all over the world
  17. 17. Festivals
  18. 18. Festivals  India is one of the highly spiritual countries around the world. This country is a land of great multiplicity. There are innumerable national, regional, local, religious, seasonal and social festivities.  Indian calendar is one long procession of festivals. The Indian culture, often labeled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and includes traditions that are several millennia old.  This is not surprising considering the fact that India is the land of gods, goddesses, saints, gurus and prophets.  All the festivals that are celebrated throughout the year shows the best culture of India. These are the festivals those play a very significant role in promoting the long-established handcraft and visiting the attractions in India.  Number of travelers attracts towards those all the festivals in India. There are numbers of famous festivals including Diwali, Holi, Lohari, Ram Navami, Raksha Bandhan, Janmashtami and many others.
  19. 19. Bollywood
  20. 20. Bollywood  Bollywood, the Hindi language film industry, is not only popular among the India diaspora, but also the far off locations as Nigeria to Egypt to Senegal and to Russia generations of non-Indian fans have grown up during the years, bearing witness to the cross-cultural appeal of Indian movies.  Over the last years of the twentieth century and beyond, Bollywood progressed in its popularity as it entered the consciousness of Western audiences and producers, with Western actors now actively seeking roles in Bollywood movies.  The influence of Bollywood music is also seen elsewhere in the world. The characteristic music, has not only spread all over Indian society, but also been on the forefront of the spread of India's culture around the world. Hindi film songs are heard in restaurants and on radio channels all over the world.  The international appeal of Bollywood dancing is something that has been evolving with time. It has become chic in Europe, and is rising in popularity in the US, and Canada. Today, dance schools that teach this style may be found in most of the major cities.
  21. 21. END OF PRESENTATION Song embedded in this presentation was composed by A. R. Rahman In 2008, this song won an Academy Award for Best Original Song and a Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media