• An oral presentation is a short talk
on a set topic given to a
tutorial/researcher or seminar
group. In an oral presentation one
(or more) presenters give a talk to
a audience group and present
views on a topic based on their
readings or research. The rest of
the group then joins in a
discussion/cross questioning of the
ORAL PRESENTATION MEANS
• Presenting research paper
• Preparing and delivering a talk
• Leading a group discussion
• Preparing handouts and visual aids
• Submitting a written assignment based on
the presentation topic
THE ATTENTION CURVE
Almost everyone listens in
the beginning. This is THE
moment to make clear that
you will present work that
the audience cannot afford to
If you want to get your
message through, you should
state it loud and clear in the
beginning, and repeat it at
•We can make our
•By lighting the
mood of our
WHAT TO PRESENT AND
• Following should be
• Concept of the
• Types/number of audience
• Duration allotted
• Preparing an oral
presentation is much like 1.Plan your
preparing any other presentation.
assignment; it needs to 2.Plan your
be planned researched visual.
and written before it is 3.Design your
STRUCTURE OF ORAL PRESENTATION
• A good oral presentation is well structured;
this makes it easier for the listener to follow.
• Basically there are three parts to a typical oral
• the middle and (BODY)
• the end (CONCLUSION)
An introduction is like a road map that
tells your audience the direction your
presentation will take.
• State your topic and tell the audience
what your presentation will cover.
• Outline the main points.
A good introduction will capture an
Start your talk by greeting
and introducing yourself.
• State your topic clearly. For
• ‘I’m going to talk about...’
• ‘Today I’d like to discuss…’
• Provide an outline of the
• Provide any necessary
definition of terms.
• This is the further progression part of the
presentation. The body of your presentation is
where you develop the main points and present
examples and evidence.
• Make sure you provide clear links between main
points, explanations and examples.
• Use visual aids to engage the interest of your
audience and 'show’ instead of just ‘tell’.
• Emphasize important information. Tell your
audience when information is particularly
important or interesting. Tell them Why.
• Use verbal ‘signposts’ to guide your
audience through the presentation,
highlight key points and indicate the
different sections of your
• ‘Another point is...’
• ‘A contrary view to consider is’
• ‘In conclusion’
• Move from one point to the next by
using phrases (such as ‘Firstly
...secondly’ ... ‘finally’).
• Introduce supporting evidence ‘For
example...’ ‘*Author name+ states
• The conclusion is usually a summary
of the main points made in the body
of the talk.
• Restate the main points.
• Re-answer the question.
• Don’t introduce any new information
in the conclusion. Take
the opportunity to show that you have
covered all the points you made in
Thank the audience,
and invite questions:
• Restate the purpose
of your talk, and
say that you have
achieved your aim:
• ‘I think it’s now clear
• You are the expert
– Prepare among friends
– Insist that they challenge you
• It’s OK to say you don’t know, or haven’t
done the experiment yet
• The three “D”’s
4 KEYS FOR SUCCESFUL ORAL
• 1. Timing
• 2. Attention span
• 3. Personal approach
• 4. Practice
•Do not ramble on during a
•One minute per slide.
•When time is allotted do
not ignore the limit.
Structure of a ten-minute talK
• Background (1-2 slides)
• Aim of the study (1 slide – essential!)
• Brief methods (1 slide)
• Results (4-8 slides)
• Summary (1 slide)
• Conclusions (1 slide)
No more than
20 slides in
WHY WE NEED VISUAL AIDS ?
• crystallize ideas
• keep speaker on track
• generate interest
• help information retention
• Use visual aids to maximize the
effectiveness of your presentation
• Enhance interest
• Create link
• Enhance understanding
• Concentrate on focus
• Ensure in advance that the room has a projector.
• Do a number of practice runs through the presentation before
the real thing.
• Be prepared for all technology to fail and either have backup
transparencies for images or a full set of notes in order to give
the presentation without any slides.
• Limit how many slides you include - you usually need far less
than you think you do. Again, practice will help you gain
confidence to know how many are sufficient.
• Only use keywords and simple phrases.
• Use a large enough, easy-to-read font.
• Label any graphs, charts, figures and diagrams (again in a
readable font size).
• Include images for visual interest occasionally if relevant.
• Rely too heavily on the PowerPoint presentation, which may
experience technical difficulties on the day.
• Simply read from your slides - let them be reminders and key
• Use amusing fonts - stick to the basics such as Times or Arial.
• Use unnecessary slide or text transitions - it's distracting and
slow to watch letters appear one at a time.
• Use PowerPoint sounds or any other sounds unless it's part of
• Choose a template that's busy and doesn't relate to the
• Any professional can become an effective
• Knowledge is not enough.
• Being able to communicate is equally
• Investing time and effort in improving
presentation skills is “always rewarded”.