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Course no. VSO- 633
Course title: Gynaecology
Breeding Soundness Evaluation of
Female Animal by Rectal Palpation
and Ultra...
Talk Plan
1. Introduction
2. Importance
3. Breeding Soundness Evaluation by Rectal Palpation
4. Breeding Soundness Evaluat...
Introduction
The breeding soundness examination (BSE)
involves a complete and systematic evaluation of
the reproductive po...
Importance
1.To identify a healthy and sound female
animal for a successful reproductive
program
2.A complete examination ...
Breeding soundness evaluation by rectal palpation
Rectal palpation is one of the best and
cheapest method of breeding
soun...
Findings
Cervix
- Firm, Cylindrical, 5-12 cm
length and 2-6 cm diameter in
cow [4].
Uterine tone
1. Estrus- Turgid, contra...
Contd.
3. Edematous- a somewhat turgid uterus but without
muscular contraction; may be palpable few days
after estrus
4.Fl...
Condt.
Palpation of ovaries
# Follicles : 5-20 mm in diameter
# Smooth ovaries: no significant
heat
# Ovarian cyst: fluid ...
Breeding Soundness Evaluation By Ultrasonography
Ultrasonography is modern and the most precise
method of breeding soundne...
Ultrasound images and interpretation
Fig. Normal CL (Marked) Fig. Endometrium
Fig. Follicular cyst Fig. Luteal cyst
Fig. Pyometra Fig. Endometritis(marked)
Conclusion
Breeding soundness evaluation is the most
important task before bred to any animal.
Clinician will use differen...
References
1. Verra, M. (2013, March 13). Bovine Ultrasound : Follicular vs Luteal
Cyst. Retrieved from
https://www.eimedi...
THANKS TO ALL
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Breeding Soundness Evaluation in Female Animal by Rectal Palpation and Ultrasonography

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Breeding Soundness Evaluation in Female Animal by Rectal Palpation and Ultrasonography

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Breeding Soundness Evaluation in Female Animal by Rectal Palpation and Ultrasonography

  1. 1. Course no. VSO- 633 Course title: Gynaecology Breeding Soundness Evaluation of Female Animal by Rectal Palpation and Ultrasonography Presented by Md. Abdullah Al Mubin MS in Theriogenology Dept. of Surgery and Obstetrics Faculty of Veterinary Science Bangladesh Agricultural University
  2. 2. Talk Plan 1. Introduction 2. Importance 3. Breeding Soundness Evaluation by Rectal Palpation 4. Breeding Soundness Evaluation with Ultrasonography 5. Conclusion 6. References
  3. 3. Introduction The breeding soundness examination (BSE) involves a complete and systematic evaluation of the reproductive potential of an animal. The BSE is not a direct evaluation of fertility. But this can be confirmed only by successful production of offspring after breeding and successful delivery [3].
  4. 4. Importance 1.To identify a healthy and sound female animal for a successful reproductive program 2.A complete examination will help the clinician to predict important event to come such as estrus, ovulation, parturition or abortion 3.To establish a prognosis for condition of the uterus, uterine tube, ovaries and supporting structures
  5. 5. Breeding soundness evaluation by rectal palpation Rectal palpation is one of the best and cheapest method of breeding soundness evaluation. It’s related to examine- 1.Vaginal wall 2.Cervix 3.Uterine horns 4.Ovaries : a) Follicles b) Corpus luteum 5.Adhesion 6.Cysts Fig. Rectal Palpation
  6. 6. Findings Cervix - Firm, Cylindrical, 5-12 cm length and 2-6 cm diameter in cow [4]. Uterine tone 1. Estrus- Turgid, contracted uterus that is often curled into a rather tight configuration [4]. 2. Diestrus- A relaxed muscular uterus Fig. Bovine Cervix Fig. Bovine uterus
  7. 7. Contd. 3. Edematous- a somewhat turgid uterus but without muscular contraction; may be palpable few days after estrus 4.Flaccid – a lip, soft, usually thin walled uterus that doesn’t contract in response to palpation 5.Thickened or doughy – a pathologic condition, thickening of the endometrium and other layers. eg. Pyometra etc.
  8. 8. Condt. Palpation of ovaries # Follicles : 5-20 mm in diameter # Smooth ovaries: no significant heat # Ovarian cyst: fluid filled structure greater than 25mm in diameter found in the absence of detectable CL. # Ovarian bursa : inspection for adhesion, oviduct fluctuation or thickening # Tumor: rare Fig. Ovarian cyst
  9. 9. Breeding Soundness Evaluation By Ultrasonography Ultrasonography is modern and the most precise method of breeding soundness examination. A probe is inserted into rectum by using sound wave it creates images of different organs in the monitor [2]. Fig. Ultrasonography machine
  10. 10. Ultrasound images and interpretation Fig. Normal CL (Marked) Fig. Endometrium
  11. 11. Fig. Follicular cyst Fig. Luteal cyst Fig. Pyometra Fig. Endometritis(marked)
  12. 12. Conclusion Breeding soundness evaluation is the most important task before bred to any animal. Clinician will use different methods to evaluate soundness of animal. Farm economy largely depends on it. A sound and healthy dam will produce healthy offspring that is the main goal of BSE.
  13. 13. References 1. Verra, M. (2013, March 13). Bovine Ultrasound : Follicular vs Luteal Cyst. Retrieved from https://www.eimedical.com/blog/bid/87745/bovine-ultrasound- follicular-vs-luteal-cysts 2. McSweeney (2014, April 24). Benefits of ultrasounds . Retrieved from http://bovinetraining.com/benefits-of-ultrasound/ 3. Hardin, D. (2015). Breeding Soundness Exam: A risk management tool for cow-calf producers. Retrieved from https://beef.unl.edu/breeding-soundness-exam-risk-management-tool- for-cow-calf-producers 4. Jack, C (1993). Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology of the Cow. Retrieved from https://extension2.missouri.edu/g2015
  14. 14. THANKS TO ALL

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