1. Introduction to human body.pptx

A
AbhiDabraAssistant Professor en Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Yamunanagar
P r e s e n t e d b y : A b h i s h e k D a b ra ( A s s t . P r o f. )
B. PHARMACY-IST SEMESTER,
CHAPTER-I
INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BODY
Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy,
Yamunanagar
1. Introduction to human body.pptx
DEFINITION
Anatomy:
• Human anatomy (ana- = “up”, tome = “to cut”) is often defined
as the study of structures in the human body. Anatomy focuses
on the description of form, or how body structures at different
levels look.
• Gross anatomy studies macroscopic structures (for example,
the body, organs, and organ systems), and histology studies
microscopic structures (for example, tissues, cells, and
organelles).
DEFINITION
Physiology:
• Human Physiology (physio = “nature”; -logy = “study”) studies
the “nature” of the human body, nature in the sense of how
structures at different levels work.
• Physiology focuses on function, or how structures at different
levels work and how they all works together in a unit form.
SCOPE OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
1. For the better understanding the homeostatic states of the
body
2. For the easy and early diagnosis of disease symptoms
3. For availing the better treatment approaches
4. For understanding the pathological state of the body and
differentiate between physiology and pathology.
5. For the cure of body from the diseases.
6. For the better understanding of the site of action of drug and
their mechanism of action in the body.
7. For the prohibition of use of specific drugs in certain
pathological state.
LEVEL OF STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION
VARIOUS BODY SYSTEMS
1. Integumentary system (Skin)
2. Muscular system
3. Skeletal system
4. Digestive system
5. Respiratory system
6. Circulatory system (Immune system + Lymphatic system)
7. Excretory system
8. Nervous system
9. Reproductive system
10. Cardiovascular system
11. Endocrine system
BASIC LIFE PROCESSES
1. Movement
2. Reproduction
3. Sensitivity
4. Nutrition
5. Excretion
6. Respiration
7. Growth
HOMEOSTASIS
State of steady internal, physical, chemical and social conditions
maintained by living system.
Basic
Anatomical
Terminologies
1. Introduction to human body.pptx
1. Introduction to human body.pptx
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1. Introduction to human body.pptx

  • 1. P r e s e n t e d b y : A b h i s h e k D a b ra ( A s s t . P r o f. ) B. PHARMACY-IST SEMESTER, CHAPTER-I INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BODY Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Yamunanagar
  • 3. DEFINITION Anatomy: • Human anatomy (ana- = “up”, tome = “to cut”) is often defined as the study of structures in the human body. Anatomy focuses on the description of form, or how body structures at different levels look. • Gross anatomy studies macroscopic structures (for example, the body, organs, and organ systems), and histology studies microscopic structures (for example, tissues, cells, and organelles).
  • 4. DEFINITION Physiology: • Human Physiology (physio = “nature”; -logy = “study”) studies the “nature” of the human body, nature in the sense of how structures at different levels work. • Physiology focuses on function, or how structures at different levels work and how they all works together in a unit form.
  • 5. SCOPE OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1. For the better understanding the homeostatic states of the body 2. For the easy and early diagnosis of disease symptoms 3. For availing the better treatment approaches 4. For understanding the pathological state of the body and differentiate between physiology and pathology. 5. For the cure of body from the diseases. 6. For the better understanding of the site of action of drug and their mechanism of action in the body. 7. For the prohibition of use of specific drugs in certain pathological state.
  • 6. LEVEL OF STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION
  • 7. VARIOUS BODY SYSTEMS 1. Integumentary system (Skin) 2. Muscular system 3. Skeletal system 4. Digestive system 5. Respiratory system 6. Circulatory system (Immune system + Lymphatic system) 7. Excretory system 8. Nervous system 9. Reproductive system 10. Cardiovascular system 11. Endocrine system
  • 8. BASIC LIFE PROCESSES 1. Movement 2. Reproduction 3. Sensitivity 4. Nutrition 5. Excretion 6. Respiration 7. Growth
  • 9. HOMEOSTASIS State of steady internal, physical, chemical and social conditions maintained by living system.