1. P r e s e n t e d b y : A b h i s h e k D a b ra ( A s s t . P r o f. )
B. PHARMACY-IST SEMESTER,
INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BODY
Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy,
• Human anatomy (ana- = “up”, tome = “to cut”) is often defined
as the study of structures in the human body. Anatomy focuses
on the description of form, or how body structures at different
• Gross anatomy studies macroscopic structures (for example,
the body, organs, and organ systems), and histology studies
microscopic structures (for example, tissues, cells, and
• Human Physiology (physio = “nature”; -logy = “study”) studies
the “nature” of the human body, nature in the sense of how
structures at different levels work.
• Physiology focuses on function, or how structures at different
levels work and how they all works together in a unit form.
5. SCOPE OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
1. For the better understanding the homeostatic states of the
2. For the easy and early diagnosis of disease symptoms
3. For availing the better treatment approaches
4. For understanding the pathological state of the body and
differentiate between physiology and pathology.
5. For the cure of body from the diseases.
6. For the better understanding of the site of action of drug and
their mechanism of action in the body.
7. For the prohibition of use of specific drugs in certain
7. VARIOUS BODY SYSTEMS
1. Integumentary system (Skin)
2. Muscular system
3. Skeletal system
4. Digestive system
5. Respiratory system
6. Circulatory system (Immune system + Lymphatic system)
7. Excretory system
8. Nervous system
9. Reproductive system
10. Cardiovascular system
11. Endocrine system