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Water Scarcity in Shimla
Submitted by – Abhijeet Vikramaditya Tiwari
Shimla is the capital of the northern Indian state of
Himachal Pradesh, in the Himalayan foothills. Once
the summer capital of British India, it remains the
terminus of the narrow-gauge Kalka-Shimla Railway,
completed in 1903. It’s also known for the handicraft
shops that line The Mall, a pedestrian avenue, as well
as the Lakkar Bazaar, a market specializing in wooden
toys and crafts.
Scarcity is the fundamental problem of having
seemingly unlimited human wants in a world of
limited resources. It states that society has
insufficient productive resources to fulfil all human
wants and needs.
So Water Scarcity is shortage of water in satisfying
What is Scarcity ?
Shimla was planned for a population of 16,000 but
today it carries more than 200,000 on an average
putting pressure on its scarce natural resource
„Water‟. (1.7 lakh locals and around 70 thousands
There are around 450 Hotels in Shimla , each hotel
requires at least 2 times of water required for a
Now the big question why Shimla is
The main reason for the water shortage is the leakage
in the pipelines, which are not only old and decaying
but also travel a long distance in the harsh weather
and uneven terrain. According to a CAG report, the
city gets water for only 1.2 hours a day as against the
24-hour norm. From 2009-14, the corporation supplied
110 litres per capita per day (lpcd), which is less than
the prescribed limit of 135 lpcd.
Decentralised wastewater treatment plants can help
include uncovered areas at reduced costs. Treated water
will be reused to flush community toilets.
College/university students in association with NGO‟s can
organize water literacy programme.
Media can play major role in this concern.
Construction of small check dams and creation of water
Towards Blue Revolution – Management of fresh water
through optimization of use.
Installation of water meters and rationing system.
Removal of subsidies on water.
Promotion for construction of Rainwater Harvesting
plants with monetary support from local Municipal
Reduce, recycle, and reuse of water.
Abating water contamination problems, since fresh
water is a limited and scare resource, its pollution by
human activity is not desirable.