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DEFENSE MECHANISMS.pptx

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DEFENSE MECHANISMS.pptx

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REVIEW OF DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN PSYCHOLOGY/MENTAL HEALTH NURSING. Defense mechanisms are behaviors that people use to separate themselves from unpleasant events, actions, or thoughts.
1. repression
2. regression
3. projection
4. reaction formation,
5. sublimation
6. conversion
7. undoing
8. displacement
9. denial
10. Dissociation
11 Rationalization
12. Compensation
13. Intellectualization
- The idea of defense mechanisms comes from psychoanalytic theory, a psychological perspective of personality that sees personality as the interaction between three components: id, ego, and super-ego.

REVIEW OF DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN PSYCHOLOGY/MENTAL HEALTH NURSING. Defense mechanisms are behaviors that people use to separate themselves from unpleasant events, actions, or thoughts.
1. repression
2. regression
3. projection
4. reaction formation,
5. sublimation
6. conversion
7. undoing
8. displacement
9. denial
10. Dissociation
11 Rationalization
12. Compensation
13. Intellectualization
- The idea of defense mechanisms comes from psychoanalytic theory, a psychological perspective of personality that sees personality as the interaction between three components: id, ego, and super-ego.

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DEFENSE MECHANISMS.pptx

  1. 1. REVIEWOF DEFENSE MECHANISMS BY- ABHISHEK PRAJAPATI (M.SC- Nursing) MENTAL HEALTH NURSING
  2. 2. DEFENSE MECHANISMS • The term defense mechanism word first used by Sigmund Freud in his paper “the neuro- psychoses defense” (1894) • In his psychoanalytical theory Freud explained a defense mechanism is a tactic developed by ego to protect against anxiety • The meaning of defense mechanism is the act or technique of coping mechanism that reduce anxiety generated by threat from unacceptable or negative impulses.
  3. 3. • Defense mechanism are methods of attempting to protect self and cope with basic drives or emotionally painful thoughts, feelings or events. • The purpose of defense mechanisms is to reduce or eliminate anxiety. Relevance to Nursing – The nurse must recognize and understand maladaptive defense mechanism that patients use. The nurse has to carefully point out these mechanism and work with patients to encourage such behavior and discourage adaptive ones.
  4. 4. COMPENSATION SUBLIMATION DENIAL DISPLACEMENT REACTION FORMATION DISSOCIATION REGRESSION UNDOING INTELLECTUALIZATION REPRESSION RATIONALIZATION PROJECTION CONVERSION
  5. 5. 1. REPRESSION – This was the first defense mechanism that Freud discovered & most important one - Unconscious and involuntary forgetting of painful ideas, events and conflicts. - EXAMPLE - Forgetting a loved one’s birthdates after a fight 2. DENIAL – Unconscious refusal to admit an unacceptable ideas, behaviour. Not accept reality - EXAMPLE – smoker may refuse to admit themselves that smoking is bad for health
  6. 6. 3. DISPLACEMENT – To transfers an impulses or idea from threatening object to less threatening object. - EXAMPLE - A husband comes home after a bad day at work and yells at his wife 4. REACTION FORMATION – Replacing unacceptable ideas, feelings with their exact opposites. - It’s a reversal formation - EXAMPLE – A jealous boy who hates his elder brother may show him exaggerated respect and affection towards him.
  7. 7. 5. RATIONALIZATION – It is a process in which an individual justifies his failures and social unacceptable behaviour by giving socially approved reasons - EXAMPLE – A student who fails in examination may complain that the hostel atmosphere is not favorable and has resulted in his failure 6. SUBLIMATION–Consciously or unconsciously channeling instinctual drives in to acceptable activities. EXAMPLE – Aggressiveness might be transformed into competitiveness in business or sports.
  8. 8. 5. RATIONALIZATION – It is a process in which an individual justifies his failures and social unacceptable behaviour by giving socially approved reasons - EXAMPLE – A student who fails in examination may complain that the hostel atmosphere is not favorable and has resulted in his failure 6. SUBLIMATION–Consciously or unconsciously channeling instinctual drives in to acceptable activities. EXAMPLE – Aggressiveness might be transformed into competitiveness in business or sports.
  9. 9. 7. COMPENSATION – Consciously covering up for a weakness by over emphasizing or making up a desirable trait. - EXAMPLE – A student who fails in examination may compensate by becoming the college champion in athletics. - When a person say’s I may not know how to cook but I can sure do the dishes. 8. PROJECTION– Unconsciously or consciously blaming someone else for one’s difficulties. A person who blames another for his own mistakes is using the projection mechanism. EXAMPLE – A surgeon whose patient does not respond as he anticipated, may tend to blame the theater nurse who helped that surgeon at the time of operation.
  10. 10. 9. INTELLECTUALIZATION – Separation of the emotions of a painful event or situation from the facts involved; acknowledging the facts but not the emotions. - EXAMPLE – A person shows no emotional expression when discussing serious car accident. 10. UNDOING– Consciously doing something to counteract or make up for a transgression or wrong doing. EXAMPLE – Giving a treat to a child who is being punished for a wrong doing.
  11. 11. 11. REGRESSION – Unconscious return to an earlier and more comfortable development level. - EXAMPLE – An adult throws a temper tantrum when he does not get his own way. 12. DISSOCIATION– The unconscious separation of painful feelings and emotions from an unacceptable idea situation or object. EXAMPLE – Amnesia that prevent recalls of previous day auto accident/adult remembers nothing of childhood sexual abuse.
  12. 12. 13. CONVERSION – The unconscious expression of intra- psychic conflict symbolically through physical symptoms. - EXAMPLE – A students awakens with a migraine headache the morning of a final examination and feels too ill to take the test.

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