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  3. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH CITY PROFILE • capital and the largest city of of Karnataka • Accounts for 36% GDP of Karnataka • It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, • Know as silicon valley of India • Center of professional education, scientific and technical research, information technology, electronics design, and start-up opportunities, the city has Delineation of study area SL no NAME OF AREA EXTENT (km2) 1 BMA 1294 2 BMICA 79.4 3 BIAAPA 227 Total AREA 1599 Jala hobli and kasaba hobli form major part of development in BIAAPA Regional / National Framework The Comprehensive Mobility Plans (CMP) need to be in cognizance with the national and regional frameworks and guidelines to enhance mobility, National frame work Regional frame work NUTP UMTA (BMLTA) NMSH EV policy Karnataka 2017 Metro rail policy 2017 Data sharing frame work NEMMP 2020 Citizen awareness programs
  4. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Review of Existing Land Use Pattern • The Area allocated for transportation and communications falls very short of the requirements. • The general norm is 20% but most cities achieve at least 15% and what Bangalore is bestowed with is only 7.3% • The green areas especially in the 1. North East (Arkavathi) 2. the South East 3. South (Bannerghatta) Are environmentally sensitive zones and will not be available for development. • The thrust in growth hence will be essentially to the north and north-west. • BIAPPA and the Airport zone at Devanahalli would be prime destinations for future growth. Existing land use map of BMR Land use Transitions Under the revision of master plan, three land use scenarios were analyzed 1. The containment scenario 2. The Transit Oriented Development scenario 3. The differential scenario Option 3 differential scenario is chosen and New land use are proposed for 2031 accordingly RMP2031
  5. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Vision : Efficient and Sustainable Transportation for All Mission : Build a multi-modal transport system for equitable mobility access and minimized negative externalities Goals : 1: Increase mode share of public transport in meeting transport demand • Aim to increase the share of public transport in Bengaluru to at least 60% by 2031 and to 70% beyond that. 2: Regain road infrastructure as public good • infrastructure is currently skewed in favor of those using their private vehicles strategies and projects have been proposed to counter this situation 3: Reduce transport sector contribution to air pollution and GHG emissions • Aim to reduce the contribution of the transport sector to air pollution and GHG emissions should be reduced by 30 per cent by 2025. and reduce by 50 per cent by 2031 Approach and methodology
  6. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Data collection and Survey Findings Earlier Studies Below are the major studies conducted earlier in the city. From which data is obtained 1. CTTP for Bengaluru City, RITES, 2011 2. CTTS for Bengaluru Metropolitan Region, WSA, 2018 3. Transport Demand Forecast Study and Identification of Phase-III Corridors of Bengaluru Metro, RITES, 2016 1. DPR for Implementation of Bengaluru Suburban Rail System, RITES, 2016 2. Revision of Master Plan 2031 for Bengaluru, BDA 3. Sustainable Transport measures for livable Bengaluru (IISc 2018) 4. The Urban Commute by CSE 2018 5. Parking Policy for Clean Air and Livable Cities (CSE 2016) 6. Sustainable Practices in Other Countries Particular Stake holders Road infrastructure 1. BBMP 2. BDA 3. KPWD 4. KRDCL Urban mass transit 1. BMRCL 2. BMTC Regional connectivity 1. KSRTC 2. South western railway Regulation and Licensing 1. Transport Department, Enforcement 1. Bengaluru Traffic Police (BTP) Road Safety 1. Road Safety Authority in Transport department Freight Operators 1. Devaraj Urs Truck Terminal Limited Other Stakeholder • Residents / Commuters • industry / Traders • Academic and Research Institutes • Taxi Operators • KSPCB Identification of stake holders
  7. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Existing Transportation system 1.Road network Intersections 2.Public transport system Bus transport system Metro Sub urban rail 3.IPT 4.NMT 5.Goods transport 1. Road network Review of Existing Transport System • Ring radial pattern of road network in the core area of the city • City has a total length of 14,000 km of the road • major road network comprised less than 20% of the above total road network in the city. Review of road network showed following missing links 1. Within Intermediate ring road 2. Inner peripheral ring road (bw ORR , PRR) 3. PRR ( complementary to NICE road ) Existing Road network map
  8. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH 1a. Intersections • There are an estimated 40,000 intersections in the city • of which about 398 are signal controlled and 600 intersections are being manually controlled during peak hours. • 59 intersections have grade separation , which includes 38 flyovers and 21 underpasses • signal operations are not optimal and are resulting in undue delays due to green time wastage • Hence As part of the ITS program, it is envisaged to install vehicle actuated, networked and adaptive traffic signals at about 440 intersections which will be monitored and controlled at Traffic Management Center Public Transportation system BUS transport system • BMTC is operating 6143 buses And has 45 depots • Passenger load factor is observed to be decreasing over years (congestions) As per the Central Institute of Road Transport (CIRT) report Bus Transport Supply Index (buses per lakh of population) must be approximately 50. Metro Network Status Length Phase-1 Operating 42.3 km Phase-2 Construction in progress 72.1 km • Operated by BMRCL as of now has 3 car trains and another 6 will be introduced in phases • Average daily ridership under Phase 1 was 4.05 lakhs in the year 2019 Sub-Urban Railway Network • rail network of about 62 km within the city catering to commuters from suburban areas, satellite towns and neighboring cities The development proposed by Indian railways considered 4 larger corridors with 57 stations (21 elevated and 36 at ground level) MAP-Metro network MAP-sub urban railway
  9. Vehicl e Grow th in the Cit BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Inter mediate Public Transport • Auto-rickshaws cater to a substantial 13% of total trips but constitute only 3% of total vehicular numbers. • auto-rickshaw are parked along the roads and near bus stops for picking up passengers resulting in avoidable congestion. • The need for stands/ dedicated parking/waiting spaces across the city Non-Motorized Transport The major components are • Pedestrian Infrastructure • Bicycle Network • Public Bike Sharing Public bike sharing despite non-existent network infrastructure for bicycling in the city. Currently more than 4,700 bicycles are operated with an average of 10,000 rides per day PBS is operational around 4 IT clusters like Whitefield area, Electronic city and ORR corridor. Hence presently Phase 1, implementation of Cycle Parking Hubs and Cycle Tracks is proposed Goods Transport • BMR is catered by Container Corporation of India (CONCOR) through its Inland Container Depot (ICD) at Whitefield • Container Warehousing Corporation (CWC) also caters BMR through its Rail Side Warehousing (RSW) at Whitefield • BMR has 74 lakhs registered vehicles • two wheelers constituting the highest percentage Year Vehicle ownership / 1000 persons 2001 284 2011 419 2018 640 Vehicle Growth in the City
  10. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Parking There are about 11 public off-street parking places; of these 9 were developed by BMTC and 2 by BBMP Road accidents • Total accidents are decreasing ( due to slow speed , congestion ) • However fatal accidents are constant (which include vulnerable road users such a pedestrians and NMT Review of Energy and Environment Contribution to pm 2.5 and 10 The total Vehicle Kilometers Travelled (VKT) by the vehicles in the BMR region is about 31 million for the base year and is estimated to increase to about 48 million and 72 million for the years 2030 and 2050 respectively which is about 60% growth rate of VKT in 2050 from base year
  11. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Traffic surveys Important observations from the survey analyses are presented in the following section: Traffic Characteristics • The major road network is congested uniformly. • The traffic volumes at most of junctions have already exceeded capacity. • The major traffic enters the city through NH-7 (Hosur road). • The highest percentage of goods vehicles enters the city through NH-4 (Tumkur Road) Public Transport Characteristics • About 2.9 lakhs commuters use the inter or intra city bus terminals daily. • Majestic bus terminal caters to the maximum number of passengers i.e. 70000 passengers. • The City Railway Station handles 1.05 Lakh numbers of passengers daily. • The Kempe Gowda Airport caters to about 90,000 passengers per day. 1. Parking surveys 2. Terminal Surveys Bus passenger surveys Rail passengers surveys Air passenger surveys
  12. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Household Interview Survey • Nearly 84% of households have motor vehicles. • Average household income per month in the study area was Rs. 32374. • Average expenditure on transport per household is estimated as Rs 2473 per month (7.6%), • are performed everyday by the residents of study area. 12.60 Lakh peak hour trips • PT has 48% of total trips followed by 2 wheelers (23.5% ) and car/taxi (21%). • Per capita trip rate including walk is 1.24, excluding walk is 0.92 and for motorized trips is 0.91. • Average trip length for walk is 1.0 Km, for 2-wheeler 9.8 km, for car and taxi is 10.2 km and 13.1 km and for Bus it is about 12 km. Road Inventory and Speed & Delay Survey Characteristics • About 43% of roads have ROW up to 10 m • 74% of network length has carriageway of 2 lanes and only about 20% is 4 lanes and more. • Footpaths are available along only 47% of the road length. Thus the majority length of road network is without footpaths. • speeds on the city road network are mostly less than 20 kmph while the core area of Bangalore operates at very low speeds (less than 11 kmph) in the peak hour. Based on data obtained from surveys service level benchmarks are calculated for existing scenario Service level bench marks 48 23.5 21 7.5 Trips PT 2 wheelers car/taxi other 12 10.2 13.1 9.8 1 B U S C A R T A X I 2 W H E E L E R W A L K TRIP LENGTH KM TRIP LENGTH BY MODE
  13. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Pollution levels • Sulphur di Oxide (So2) • Oxides of Nitrogen • Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) • Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) (Size less than 10 microns) Integrated land use transport system • Financial Population Density – Gross (Persons/Developed area in hectare) • Mixed Land-use on Major Transit Corridors / Network (% area under non-residential use • Intensity of Development – City wide (FSI) • Intensity of development along transit corridor (FSI transit corridor/FSI) • Clear Pattern and Completeness of the network • Percentage of area under Roads • Percentage of network having exclusive ROW for Transit network Financial sustain ability of public transport • Extent of Non fare Revenue (% ) • Staff /bus ratio • Operating Ratio Public transport facilities • Presence of organized public transport system in urban area (% ) • Extent of supply availability of public transport • Service coverage of public transport in the city • Average waiting time for public transport users (mins) • Level of comfort in public transport ¾ Percentage of fleet as per urban bus specification Pedestrian infrastructure facilities • Signalized intersection delay (% ) • Street Lighting (Lux) • Percentage of city covered Non-Motorized Transport ( NMT) facilities • Percentage of network covered • Encroachment on NMT roads by vehicle parking (% ) • NMT parking facilities at interchanges (% ) Level of usage of Intelligent Transport System (ITS) facilities • Availability of traffic surveillance (% ) • Passenger Information System (PIS) (% ) • Global Positioning System (GPS)/ General Pocket Radio Service (GPRS) (% ) • Signal Synchronization (% ) • Integrated ticketing System (% ) Travel speed ( Motorized and Mass Transit along major corridors ) • Average travel speed of personal vehicles (Kmph) • Average travel speed of public transport (Kmph) Av ail ability of parking spaces Avail ability of parking spaces • Availability of on street paid public parking spaces (% ) • Ratio of maximum and minimum parking fee in the city Road Safety • Fatality rate per lakhs population • Fatality rate for pedestrian and NMT (% ) Service level benchmarks have been identified for the following parameters
  14. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH Travel Demand Assessment with the help of an urban transport planning model. Transport Demand Modelling has been carried out to replicate the Bengaluru “ real” transportation system 1. Business as Usual Scenario ( Do Minimum) 2. Option 1 (strategy 1,2,3) 3. Option 2 (1,2,3and 6) 4. Option 3 (1-10) Strategic Framework for the Scenarios Comparison BAU-option 3 Comparison LOS existing –Option 3
  15. BANGLORE CMP SCHOOLOF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE NEW DELHI SUBMITTED BY AKASH option 3 has bee divided in to in following 12 themes. And various projects are assigned under each theme 1. Integrated Land Use and Mobility Plan 2. Public Transport Improvement Plan 3. Road Network Development Plan 4. Non-Motorized Transport Plan 5. Multi-Modal Mobility Plan 6. Private Transport Management Plan 7. Freight Movement Plan 8. Technological Measures 9. Travel Demand Management Plan 10. Regulatory Measures 11. Governance Measures 12. Fiscal Measures • Phase 1 (2020 to 2022) • Phase 2 (2023 to 2027) • Phase 3 (2028 to 2035) Implementation of Plan Implementation of Plan icludes priorotization of plans based on resource availability and city needs and then deviding developments into 3 phases Short term projects 0-2 years Medium term projects 3-5 years Long term projects > 5 years