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The Nazi Soviet

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The Nazi Soviet Pact

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The Nazi Soviet

  1. 1. The Nazi-Soviet Pact By: Alina Claps, Agustín Bravo, Agustín Reynal and Juan Stordeur.
  2. 2. How can we relate the Treaty of Versailles? The Treaty of Versailles was before Hitler came to power after WW1. When he got to power all he wanted was revenge for such an unfair treaty, and one by one he dismissed the treaty's terms. The Treaty took German territory, what was known as the "Polish corridor", giving Poland access to the sea and dividing Germany into two.
  3. 3. Hitler’s actions First Hitler proposed what is known as the Nazi-Soviet Pact to Stalin, agreeing not to attack each other, and privately they agreed to divide Poland into two, giving him the perfect excuse to invade. The pact was Hitler's master stroke, he had promised many things to the Russians, but did not intend to keep his word. Stalin suspected this, but was sure he could only gain from a long war in which Britain, France and Germany exhausted themselves. This cartoon illustrates the relation between Stalin and Hitler, they pretend to like each other. They both wear guns and military uniforms, and we can see Germany's arms in the background.
  4. 4. Poland’s invasion Hitler invaded Poland. First the German army invaded Poland from the west, and then the USSR from the east. Poland soon fell. Hitler's next move in mind was an attack on the USSR, because he was sure Britain and France would not go to war over Poland, but he was mistaken, on September the 3rd Britain and France declared war on Germany. “The pact left Britain and France to fight Germany alone. Hitler did not really believe they would go to war over Poland, but almost had second thoughts when Britain's reaction to the Pact was the signing of a formal alliance with Poland on 25 August 1939. This time Britain and France would not be able to back down ... But the Anglo-Polish alliance did not change anything. It only took a few days for Hitler to recover his nerve and order that Poland be invaded on 1 September” Nigel Kelly and Greg Lacey, Modern World History (2001)
  5. 5. Britain and France’s roles in the conflict Britain and France knew that Hitler would go after Poland, Russia did too and called a meeting with the other two countries to make an alliance to protect Poland, knowing that Hitler would not go for Poland having them as backup. France agreed with Stalin, although she did not like a communist Russia, Britain however was too far away to help and had a small army. An alliance was never made, and instead Stalin signed the Nazi Soviet Pact with Hitler. B. Ulam, the author of Stalin: The Man and his Era (2007) has argued: "Soviet diplomacy sought (in a much more realistic way than that of Britain and France) to avoid war. To do Stalin justice, he never made a secret greater than his desire to avoid war, or more precisely to avoid Russia's military involvement in one." Stalin wanted to avoid war, that is way he made the pact with Germany, hoping giving her what she wanted would avoid a war, she was wrong.
  6. 6. Video