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[AWS Days Microsoft-LA 2015]: Best Practices for Backup and Recovery: Windows Workloads onto AWS

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Backing up Windows workloads can be a challenge, and cumbersome for many companies. Backup and recovery for Windows workloads on AWS, however, can be easy. This presentation will cover best practices for backup and recovery, how to configure Windows workloads to back up to AWS; pitfalls to look out for; and recommended reference architectures.

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[AWS Days Microsoft-LA 2015]: Best Practices for Backup and Recovery: Windows Workloads onto AWS

  1. 1. © 2015, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its Affiliates. All rights reserved. December 9, 2105 | Los Angeles, CA Best practices for backup and recovery: Windows Workloads onto AWS
  2. 2. Backup and Recovery Solution Space On Prem Backup and Recovery Process to protect data in the event of accidental deletion, corruption or failure with the ability to restore data to given point in time. Disaster Recovery Ability to restore service in the event of failure. Storage Snapshots Storage ISV Hypervisor Tape Storage Off-site Tape Vault Archiving Long term retention of data, generally for compliance requirements.
  3. 3. Common Backup and Recovery Concerns Data growth spiraling out of control • Challenging to meet backup windows Traditional technologies and processes don’t scale Try to accurately predict storage needs Bandwidth / WAN constraints for remote office / branch office (ROBO) RPOs / RTOs can be difficult to achieve • Recovery Point Objective • Recovery Time Objective Backup and Archive HW + SW is expensive Tape is unreliable, cumbersome, error prone, with low durability Off-site vaulting is cumbersome Days or Weeks
  4. 4. Operating System Backup Agent Data Backup Master Backup Database Media Server Media Hypervisor Backup Agent Guest Guest Guest Network Off Site Configuration & Metadata Data Data Data Data Center Backup Software Platform
  5. 5. Backup and Recovery Partners Backup software platform • Clients and server Networks Libraries and Media Off-site storage + + 100’s – 1000’s
  6. 6. Why AWS for backup? Metered usage: Pay as you go No capital investment No commitment No risky capacity planning Avoid Opex and risks of physical media handling Control your geographic locality for performance and compliance
  7. 7. AWS Storage and Archive Options Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) Highly scalable object storage 1 byte to 5 TB in size 99.999999999% durability Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) High-performance block storage device 1 GB to 16 TB in size Mount as drives to instances with snapshot/cloning functionalities Amazon Glacier Long-term object archive Extremely low cost per gigabyte 99.999999999% durability
  8. 8. Built-in redundancy Designed for 99.999999999% durability Store backups in Amazon S3 Internet-scale storage Grow without limits Benefit from AWS’s massive security investments Low price per GB per month No commitment No up-front cost
  9. 9. 99.999999999% durability Nice try kid…
  10. 10. Amazon S3 Enterprise Features Parallel I/O for max speed (Multipart Upload, Ranged GETs) Resource-level IAM permissions Bucket Policies & ACLs Direct access through APIs Private Endpoints Server Side Encryption Static Website Hosting Data Lifecycle Rules Logging and Event Notifications
  11. 11. Long term backup retention in Amazon Glacier Stop managing physical media Amazon Glacier has lower cost than Amazon S3 with the same durability Amazon Glacier is optimized for infrequent retrieval
  12. 12. Amazon Glacier Low-Cost Archival Storage Secure • SSL & AES-256 Durable • Designed for 99.999999999% durability Optimized for data archiving and backup • Suitable for RTO measured in hours • Includes storage costs and retrieval costs $0.007 per GB/Month Integrated with S3
  13. 13. Selecting the right Object Storage for your needs S3 S3-IA Glacier L i f e c y c l e Available S3: 99.99% S3-IA: 99.9% Performant Low Latency High Throughput ≥ 30 Days≥ 128K ≥ 90 Days Durable 99.999999999% Scalable Elastic capacity No preset limits > 0K$0.007/GB per month $0.0125/GB per month “Hot” Data Active and/or Temporary Data “Warm” Data Infrequently Accessed Data “Cold” Data Archive and Compliance Data ≥ 0 Days> 0K$0.03/GB per month 3 – 5 Hrs $0.01/GB retrieval $0.01/GB retrieval < 5%
  14. 14. Where AWS fits natively: S3 & Glacier Backup Master Backup Database Media Server Media Amazon S3 WANBoundary Amazon Glacier or Client Client HTTPS HTTPS HTTPS
  15. 15. Easy ways to transfer data AWS Direct Connect Dedicated connectivity to AWS Edge Locations AWS Import/Export Data transfer using portable disk drives Transfer data in a secure SSL tunnel over the public Internet
  16. 16. AWS Import/Export Uses portable storage volumes Economic and fast Faster than Internet for significant data sets Import into S3, EBS, or Glacier • Dependent upon region support Snowball 50TB Storage 10Gb Network 8.5G Impact Encryption with KMS Schedule via AWS Console
  17. 17. Windows - General VM Import • no additional charge beyond Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 • Use the AWS CLI or other developer tools to import a virtual machine (VM) image • VMware vSphere - AWS Management Portal for vCenter to import your VM • Windows and Linux VMs that use VMware ESX or Workstation, Microsoft Hyper-V, and Citrix Xen virtualization
  18. 18. How Amazon RDS backups work Automated backups Restore your database to a point in time Enabled by default Choose a retention period, up to 35 days Manual snapshots Build a new database instance from a snapshot when needed Initiated by you Persist until you delete them Stored in Amazon S3
  19. 19. AWS Storage Gateway VM Appliance run on-premise Creates iSCSI volume mount points Directly interfaces with S3 or Glacier Gateway-Stored Volumes Gateway-Cached Volumes Virtual Tape Library
  20. 20. Where AWS fits natively: AWS Storage Gateway Backup Master Backup Database Media Server Media Amazon S3 AWS Storage Gateway cached volume virtual tape library WANBoundary Caching disk Amazon Glacier iSCSI
  21. 21. Operating System Backup Agent Data Hypervisor Backup Agent Guest Guest Guest Network Configuration & Metadata Data Data Data Our Demo Today AWS Storage Gateway Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3)
  22. 22. Recovery Solutions
  23. 23. Backup and restore (into AWS) On-site infrastructure S3 Bucket Over the Internet AWS Import/Export or AWS Storage Gateway AWS region Corporate data center Using AWS Direct Connect Availability Zone Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Amazon S3 bucket Backup and restore
  24. 24. Pilot light architecture Pilot light www.example.com Data Mirroring/ Replication Not Running Database Server Data Volume Corporate data center Web Application Server Master Database Server
  25. 25. Pilot light architecture – Failover Pilot light Running Database Server Data Volume Corporate data center Web Application Server Master Database Server www.example.com Application Server Web Server Server
  26. 26. Warm standby architecture Warm standby Data Mirroring/ Replication Application Data Source Cut Over Elastic Load Balancer Active Production Amazon Route 53 www.example.com Corporate data center Data Volume Application Server Slave Database Server Web AWS region Web Application Server Master Database Server Non Production Traffic
  27. 27. Warm standby architecture – Failover Warm standby Elastic Load Balancer Active Production Amazon Route 53 www.example.com Corporate data center Data Volume Application Server Slave Database Server Web AWS region Web Application Server Master Database Server
  28. 28. Start your first migration in 10 minutes or less Keep your apps running during the migration Replicate within, to or from Amazon EC2 or RDS Move data to the same or different database engine Sign up for preview at aws.amazon.com/dms AWS Database Migration Service
  29. 29. Thank You

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