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What is Cloud Computing? Cloud Computing is a utility service - giving you access to technology resources managed by experts and available on-demand.You simply access these servicesover the internet, with no up-front costs andyou pay only for the resources you use.
Tools to accessservicesCross ServicefeaturesPlatform buildingblocksInfrastructurebuilding blocks
The Cloud Scales Every day, Amazon Web Services adds enough new server capacity to support all of Amazons global infrastructure in the company’s fifth full year of operation, when it was a $2.76B annual revenue enterprise.
The Cloud Scales: Amazon S3 Growth Peak Requests: 449 Billion 290,000+ per second 262 Billion 102 Billion 40 Billion2.9 Billion 14 Billion Q4 2006 Q4 2007 Q4 2008 Q4 2009 Q4 2010 Q2 2011 Total Number of Objects Stored in Amazon S3
Digital Media Workflow Control Panel REST APIs ProductionVideo/audio capture Workflow Management Job Scheduling Review and Approvals Automation Post Prod WebEditingSequencing HostingTransitions PublishingCompositing Ingest CMS/DAM Encode DRM Playout Secure Upload Asset Mgmt Encode Encryption Playlist Mgmt VOD and Stream Metadata Mgmt Transcode Key Mgmt Broadcast scheduling Transmux Source Encode ClientMPEG2-TS Playback Devices Runtimes Players Interactivity Signal Monetize AuthN/Z Analytics Delivery Ad Insertion Authentication Real time stream Streaming and HTTP Transmit Ad Targeting Authorization OTT Delivery Reporting Origin and CDNSatellite OATCFiber Billing integration Produce Manage Publish AWS
Data Ingest Ingest Data Transfer – no additional charge Aspera On-Demand to Amazon S3 Up to 700 Mb/s Familiar and Intuitive Client
Media Storage - TodayExponential Growth Fixed Storage Assets Queue of files to in Digital Files (Main, Backup 1, Backup 2) Digitize
Media Storage - AWSExponential Growth Flexible Storage Assets Files to digitize in Digital Files (Main, Backup 1, Backup 2)
Storage with Amazon S3 Amazon S3 is a highly scalable, durable and available distributed object store designed for mission-critical and primary data storage with an easy to use web service interface. Durability Standard: Designed to provide 99.999999999% durability and 99.99% availability of objects over a given year" Reduced Redundancy: Designed to provide 99.99% durability and 99.99% availability of objects over a given year. This durability level corresponds to an average annual expected loss of 0.01% of objects. Pricing (per GB / per Month)
Amazon S3 Control Access to files with built in Access Control Lists and AWS Identity and Access Management CMS / DAM Solution Providers - Ooyala Secure data with encryption at REST • SafeNet – ProtectV • Trend Micro - SecureCloud
Transcoding - TodayExponential Growth Fixed Hardware Queue and Wait times in Digital Files
Transcoding – Amazon EC2Exponential Growth Flexible Hardware Queue and Wait times in Digital Files to meet Demand
Netflix Example Netflix needed to transcode 17,000 titles (80TB of data) to support the launch of Sony PS3. They provisioned 1200 Amazon EC2 instances and completed the transcoding process in just days.
Transcoding on Amazon EC2 Flexibility: Support for Windows, Linux, Novell, RedHat, etc.. Supports all major web and application platforms Deploy across Availability Zones for reliability Monitors status and usage Solution Providers Sorenson Media Encoding.com Panvidea
Analytics - TodayExponential Growth Fixed Hardware Customer Experience in Customer Data
Analytics with AWS Exponential Growth Flexible hardware to Customer Experience in Customer Data immediately handle increased processing When the job is done, shut down the extra servers to save $
Analytics Options on AWS AWS Elastic MapReduce Data Warehouse and BI Providers Oracle SAP Aster Data nCluster Vertica Analytics Services Ooyala http://www.s3stat.com/ Interactive Agencies – Razorfish
Amazon CloudFront (CDN) Amazon CloudFront is a flexible, high performing, easy-to-use content delivery service without contracts, overage charges, long-term commitments or minimum fees. Pay-as-you-go pricing Control over the origin for streaming and download delivery Integrates with other AWS Services Reach a global audience with 19 edge locations in key markets Serve video to different platforms • Options for HTTP download and Flash streaming • Stream live events Protect valuable assets • Policy based authentication, SSL delivery and RTMPE streaming Understand viewing patterns • Detailed access logs and integration with analytics packages
Challenge: In 2008 Netflix suffered an outage due to single points of failure with 2 key databases. They looked to re-architect for high availability and move to a service oriented architecture. Growth: Accelerating and unpredictable, product launch spikes (i.e Wii). Could not build datacenters fast enough.Solution: “AWS is the market leader and has been able tocreate a continuous and virtuous cycle. Large AWScustomers demand (and receive) continuous improvementsfrom AWS. Those improvements, in turn, attract more largecustomers and the cycle then repeats itself.”– Kevin McEntee, VP Content Engineering, Netflix
Benefits: “We moved to the clouds looking foravailability. We have also found a tremendous agilityby eliminating complexity, process, and control.”– Kevin McEntee, VP Content Engineering, Netflix
Challenge: Store, encode, manage, play, and analyzea vast library of digital media files.Solution: “When we started Ooyala, we were warnedthat we would spend most of our time in datacentersat 2:00 AM, making sure everything was working.With AWS, we have found ourselves asking whyanyone would choose to do it themselves. AWS hasenabled us to build, deploy, and scale our product inrecord time, raising the bar for rapid innovation.”- Sean Knapp, Founder and President of Technology, Ooyala
Benefits: For encoding jobs Ooyala leverages spot instances to save money and gain immense scale. Sean Knapp stated that “wait times have practically disappeared.” Agility – Developers are able to focus improving and growing the business, not on the infrastructure.AWS Usage Web application – Amazon EC2 Encoding – Amazon EC2 and Resque Digital Asset Management – Amazon S3 / Amazon EC2 Monetization with Amazon Flexible Payments
Challenge: Previous CDN had streaming error ratesthat were above PBS’s standards.Solution: After monitoring multiple CDNs for a fewweeks, PBS Interactive found that CloudFront had asignificantly lower error rate than the incumbent CDN.As a result, they migrated the majority of PBS videosto Amazon S3 storage and delivered them via AmazonCloudFront.
Benefit: PBS Interactive says it has experienced fiftypercent fewer errors in its video streamingperformance. PBS is delivering nearly 1PB ofstreaming video a month via Amazon CloudFrontAs with all the AWS services we leverage, usingAmazon CloudFront is so simple and reliable that theteam doesn’t have to think about it. It all just works,freeing us to focus on building cool applications.”- Drew Engleson, Chief Architect, PBS