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AmeliCA. A cooperative strategy to strengthen the non-profit scholarly-led scientific communication in Latin America and the Global South

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AmeliCA. A cooperative strategy to strengthen the non-profit scholarly-led scientific communication in Latin America and the Global South

AmeliCA. A cooperative strategy to strengthen the non-profit scholarly-led scientific communication in Latin America and the Global South

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AmeliCA. A cooperative strategy to strengthen the non-profit scholarly-led scientific communication in Latin America and the Global South

  1. 1. Acooperativestrategytostrengthenthenon-profit scholarly-ledscientificcommunicationinLatinAmerica andtheGlobalSouth Dr. Arianna Becerril García Chair AmeliCA Executive Director Redalyc
  2. 2. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Latin America has created and maintains a non-commercial structure where scientific publishing belongs to academic institutions and not to large publishers Autonomous National University of Mexico
  3. 3. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South A fee has not been included neither for authors nor for readers in the regional editorial tradition. Every institution supports journals that are driven by their own faculty members, and then that content is made available in OA. Everyone gets benefit from everyone’s investment.
  4. 4. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Open Access Ecosystem in Latin America Nonprofit platforms of visibility, edition, quality assurance, metrics Nonprofit institutional journal publishing Mainly public institutions Key factors: Cooperation Networking Crowdsourcing Open source software In-house software Free software Nonprofit, mainly public – funded scientific communication system 2,849 journal installations Scholarly-led scientific communication system
  5. 5. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Property Open access to knowledge is not enough, we must think about: There is no guarantee that what it is open know, continues to be open. Specially if authors do not hold copyright. Sustainability Research assessment Participation 1 2 3 4 Is it OA long-term guaranteed? Is it non- profit OA sustainable? Is it science fairly assessed? Are there OA platforms included in assessment criteria? Are new forms of exclusion emerging?
  6. 6. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South PROCESSES OPTIMIZATION EFFICIENCY IN THE USE OF HUMAN & ECONOMIC RESOURCES STRATEGIC COOPERATION JOINING FORCES To achieve a more equitable access and participation of the South in the global scientific conversation, it is necessary ...
  7. 7. Redalyc’s technology and innovation now is extended to the Global South
  8. 8. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Redalyc contributions at a glance 54.000 Redalyc daily users 10 million article downloads per month 1,300 Peer-reviewed OA journals 629,000 full-text articles 622publisher institutions from 22countries 1.5 million authors from 10.000 institutions
  9. 9. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Elsevier’s article of the future Many functionalities offered by commercial publishers in other parts of the world are provided for free by Redalyc and now by AmeliCA vs. Redalyc article reader technology However, the recognition of research assessment -by governments and institutions- is for what is present in Scopus (Elsevier) or WoS. If this doesn’t change there is no future for scholarly-led scientific communication
  10. 10. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South AmeliCA is a multi-institutional community-driven initiative supported by UNESCO and led by Redalyc and CLACSO, that arises in response to the international, regional, national and institutional contexts of Open Access, which seeks a cooperative, sustainable, protected and non-comercial solution for Open Knowledge in Latin America and the Global South. Redalyc along with CLACSO and a dozen of institutions formed a regional alliance to back and keep the ”organically open and scholarly” OA ecosystem
  11. 11. Conocimiento Abierto para América Latina y el Sur GlobalConocimiento Abierto para América Latina y el Sur Global Values and principles 2The OA has no future or meaning without the evolution of the research assessment 4The transition to digital scientific communication is an essential axis 1 Scientific knowledge generated with public funds is a common good and access to it is a right 3 The economic investment in the OA must be consistent with the benefit to society 5 The Impact Factor must be overcome as an indicator of quality and performance
  12. 12. Conocimiento Abierto para América Latina y el Sur GlobalConocimiento Abierto para América Latina y el Sur Global 17 member institutions
  13. 13. Conocimiento Abierto para América Latina y el Sur GlobalConocimiento Abierto para América Latina y el Sur Global We are commited to improve research assessment Latindex-Redalyc-CLACSO-Conacyt
  14. 14. www.amelica.org XML JATS markup tool
  15. 15. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Technology and Artificial Intelligence for a participatory and inclusive science ecosystem. XML Open data Linked data Knowledge Discovery Ubiquity Semantic web And this is just the beginning…
  16. 16. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South We must seek as humanity a more equitable participation of all nations in the scientific discourse that comprehends local agendas, diversity and that contributes in the reduction of gaps. We are totally committed in contributing with our technology and knowledge -but above all- with our willingness to build an alliance in favor of achieving science as commons. We imagine ... A web of data for science, a cloud of scientific knowledge, sustainable and open that promotes a participatory and inclusive science communication.
  17. 17. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South How could they interact without cause other forms of exclusion? How could they coexist with their own paradigms without one being imposed to the other? If one subsystem is altered to emulate the other, new concepts, rules, values and Different subsystems of science communication to address Open Access Different paradigms to address Open Access Aim to eliminate pay-to-read bussiness model Neither a cost for readers nor for authors Focused on legacy publishers Natively Open, Scholarly-led, Non-profit communication system
  18. 18. Commercial publishing Scholarly-led Scholarly-supported Non-profit publishing Restrictions to read Before BOAI
  19. 19. Commercial publishing Scholarly-led Scholarly-supported Non-profit publishing Restrictions to publish Open to read After BOAI and the pay-to-publish model emerged
  20. 20. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Plan S and AmeliCA definitely share a common goal: achieve full and immediate Open Access to publications from publicly funded research. AmeliCA is the widening of Redalyc’s work Redalyc contribution to the regional publishing is shown in the 1,300 journals and more than half million full-text articles available in Open Access Plan S and AmeliCA also share the support of DORA Redalyc last year required as mandatory for a journal to be index the DORA’s signature DORA recently confirmed that almost 50% of the signatures comes from Redalyc We celebrate cOAlition S is commited to fulfil the target. Our concerns about Plan S are not a matter of ends but of means. Plan S from AmeliCA’s perspective
  21. 21. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Global Alignment of Open Access Initiatives (1/4) Although Plan S is not focus on a single bussiness model, the only one that is mentioned is APC. If Plan S pursuit global acceptability, the diversity of bussiness models should receive equal mentions and planned actions, including the definition of how funding could be given to organisations that implement them. (agree with point seventh of Martin Eve’s letter). Case Latin America, publications in Redalyc X articles in X journals X publishers (universities and academic societies) from X countries They are no-APC but they need funding to continue publishing Applying an APC of X, funders would pay X. The APC model brings a risk of widening the gap between Latin American research and international publication; 1 Disruption of a non-profit scholarly-led publishing ecosystem, which is mainly financed with public resources –thorugh governments and universities-. 2 Effects
  22. 22. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South APC No APC A case of APC to non-APC conversion
  23. 23. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Highlights A global flip could only be achieved if all prevalent Open Access models at all regions are recognised. A global flip cannot emerged from a self-referenced vision.
  24. 24. Open Knowledge for Latin America and the Global South Dra. Arianna Becerril García arianna.becerril@gmail.com http://www.redalyc.org/autor.oa?id=25 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0278-8295 @ariannabec Merci beaucoup

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