Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.
Sustainable growth or sustainable degrowth?
On the hard problem of sustainable development
Prof. Dr. André Reichel
Interna...
The development of sustainable development
Pfister, T., Schweighofer, M., & Reichel, A. (2016). Sustainability. London: Ro...
The SDGs and their sustainability
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs
http://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/r...
The SDGs and their (un-)sustainability
Wackernagel, M., Hanscom, L., & Lin, D. (2017). Making the Sustainable Development ...
Economic growth
https://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2013/08/economic-history-1
https://www.economist.com/blogs/gr...
Decoupling as the great hope of »Green Growth«
• Decoupling of GDP growth and environmental impact growth
• through invest...
Decoupling as the great hope of »Green Growth«
• While energy use per unit of GPD has decreased
significantly, CO2 intensi...
Decoupling as the great hope of »Green Growth«
Polimeni, J. M., Mayumi, K., Giampietro, M., & Alcott, B. (2008). The Jevon...
Degrowth as an alternative?
Latouche, S. (2009). Farewell to growth. Cambridge ; Malden, MA: Polity.
Jackson, T. (2009). P...
Overview of degrowth perspectives
Muraca, B., & Schmelzer, M. (2017). Sustainable degrowth. In: Iris Borowy & Matthias Sch...
General policy suggestions from degrowth
http://seri.at/en/projects/completed-projects/implications-of-a-persistent-low-gr...
Double decoupling as middle ground
Göpel, M. (2016). The Great Mindshift (Vol. 2). Cham: Springer International Publishing...
http://www.andrereichel.de/
linkedin.com/in/reichelandre
@andrereichel
Sustainable growth or sustainable degrowth?
Prof. D...
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

Sustainable growth or sustainable degrowth? On the hard problem of sustainable development

105 visualizaciones

Publicado el

Sustainable development is a global political concept, a normative framework for aligning human well-being with the well-being of the natural environment over the long-term. As a political concept, sustainable development remains contested. The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) might appear to be clear and unambiguous goals for political and business decision makers, yet there is a central contradiction at their core: economic growth driven through investments and market forces is intended to help us achieve a more sustainable development, yet the consequences of economic growth in the past have create global ”un-sustainabilities” when it comes to climate change, loss of biodiversity but also economic inequalities within and across countries. From its beginning, the modern sustainable development discourse had a complicated relationship with growth, as can be seen in the first report to the Club of Rome titled ”Limits to Growth“, through the Brundtland Report’s understanding of sustainable development and some mild questions about the sustainability production and consumption patterns of the global north, all the way to our current notions of a green economy and green growth. Over the past decade and half, the alternative discourse on ”décroissance”, on degrowth or postgrowth, has gained traction in a variety of European countries and also made interesting connections to southern movements like Buen Vivir in South America or Radical Ecological Democracy (RED). In this contribution we will seek to understand the contradictions between sustainable development and economic growth, the limits to green growth, and the alternative perspectives for human, social and natural well-being degrowth can offer us. Keynote at Universidade Nove de Lisboa on 5 April 2018 at "Globalisation XXI: Connected Societies" conference.

Publicado en: Ciencias
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí

Sustainable growth or sustainable degrowth? On the hard problem of sustainable development

  1. 1. Sustainable growth or sustainable degrowth? On the hard problem of sustainable development Prof. Dr. André Reichel International School of Management | ISM www.andrereichel.de
  2. 2. The development of sustainable development Pfister, T., Schweighofer, M., & Reichel, A. (2016). Sustainability. London: Routledge Dresner, S. (2008). The Principles of Sustainability (2nd ed.). London: Earthscan. Resource Imperative Global Justice Triple P Economics Universal Idea of Humankind
  3. 3. The SDGs and their sustainability https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs http://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2017-02-28-contributions-to-agenda-2030.html
  4. 4. The SDGs and their (un-)sustainability Wackernagel, M., Hanscom, L., & Lin, D. (2017). Making the Sustainable Development Goals Consistent with Sustainability. Frontiers in Energy Research, 5, 18. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2017.00018
  5. 5. Economic growth https://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2013/08/economic-history-1 https://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2014/11/secular-stagnation-graphics • Long-term, • steady state expansion of supply & demand, • measured in real GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
  6. 6. Decoupling as the great hope of »Green Growth« • Decoupling of GDP growth and environmental impact growth • through investments in environmental technologies • and the creation of »green markets« Economic Activity (GDP) »Growth« Resource Use: Relative Decoupling Resource Use: Absolute Decoupling Resource Use: Sufficient Absolute Decoupling GDP Resource Use Time Reduction Target
  7. 7. Decoupling as the great hope of »Green Growth« • While energy use per unit of GPD has decreased significantly, CO2 intensity changes rather slowly. • At the same time, energy use in total has increased sharply and CO2 emissions, while plateauing for the last three years, have started to rise again. • We can only observe relative decoupling of economic growth and CO2 emissions in the global economy, not absolute and certainly not sufficient decoupling; if the global economy should expand with 3% p.a., carbon intensity has to drop with 9% p.a. in order to maintain the 2C guardrail for mitigating climate change. Jackson, R. B., Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Peters, G. P., Roy, J., & Wu, L. (2017). Warning signs for stabilizing global CO2 emissions. Environmental Research Letters, 12(11), 110202
  8. 8. Decoupling as the great hope of »Green Growth« Polimeni, J. M., Mayumi, K., Giampietro, M., & Alcott, B. (2008). The Jevons paradox and the myth of resource efficiency improvements. London: Earthscan.
  9. 9. Degrowth as an alternative? Latouche, S. (2009). Farewell to growth. Cambridge ; Malden, MA: Polity. Jackson, T. (2009). Prosperity without growth: Economics of a finite planet. London: Earthscan. D’Alisa, G., Demaria, F., & Kallis, G. (Eds.). (2015). Degrowth: a vocabulary for a new era. London: Routledge. • From »décroissance«, a term introduced by Serge Latouche: • Deliberate downscaling of production and consumption • that increases human well-being • and enhances ecological equity on the planet Postgrowth Degrowth Steady-State Economy (Herman E. Daly) Bioeconomics & Entropy Economics (Nicholas Gergescu-Roegen) »Everything that comes after the growth story« (Postgrowth Institute) Conservative Social-Liberal Reformist Sufficiency Oriented Anti- Capitalist Feminist Buddhist Economics (Ernst F. Schumacher) Conviviality (Ivan Illich)
  10. 10. Overview of degrowth perspectives Muraca, B., & Schmelzer, M. (2017). Sustainable degrowth. In: Iris Borowy & Matthias Schmelzer (Eds.) 2017. History of the Future of Economic Growth: Historical Roots of Current Debates on Sustainable Degrowth, Routledge: London, pp 174-192. Conservative Social-reformist Sufficiency oriented Anti-capitalist Feminist Diagnosis Economic, ecological and social limits to growth Fixation on GDP growth leads to multiple ecological crises Decoupling of growth and environmental impact is impposible, over-consumption is the main problem Capitalism as driver of growth, environmental degradation and »imperial(ist) lifestyles« Economic growth endangers the reproduction of social ties, deepens gender imbalances, and leads to degradation of self- sufficiency Means Self-restraint, deep culture change, cutting back on social security, strengthening civil society and its initiatives Eco-taxes, suffiency policies, forms of basic income, focus on alternative welfare measures (beyond GDP) Consuming less (not just »green«), lifestyles of sufficiency (»enoughness«), economic self- sufficiency, regional economic cycles Solidarity economy, economic democracy, basic and maximum income, governmental regulation of private investments De-commercialisation, local economies, and non-monetary self- sufficiency Ends Adaptation to unavoidable contraction Growth independence Planned, deliberate contraction Planned, deliberate contraction Gender-just deliberate contraction Actors Politics, consumers Politics (, civil society) Consumers, civil society Critical civil society, trade unions Critical civil society
  11. 11. General policy suggestions from degrowth http://seri.at/en/projects/completed-projects/implications-of-a-persistent-low-growth-path-a-scenario-analysis/ Friends of the Earth Europe. (2018). Sufficiency: Moving Beyond the Gospel of Eco-Efficiency. Brussels. Degrowth policy suggestions (by SERI for the Austrian economy) • Reduction of working hours by 10% This measure was designed cost-neutral, i.e. wages increase by the degree of induced productivity effects. • Introduction of a cost-neutral eco-social tax reform of levies Petroleum tax was increased and social security contributions reduced with the reduction being equally shared between employees and employers. • Reduction of environmentally harmful subsidies About 1bn EUR annually until 2025. • Promotion of private demand for services Demand for labor-intensive services of private consumption was assumed to increase at a standard rate of about 3% until 2025 while at the same time private households reduce their consumption expenditures for environmental harmful goods. Additional sufficiency oriented policies (advocated by FoEE) • Tax breaks on environmentally positive behaviour Especially reduction of sales taxes on public transportations and product repairs. • Regulations on material efficiency and eco-effectiveness Longevity, repairability, re-usability, and recyclability of products (e.g. EU Ecodesign Directive, Germany’s Circular Economy Law and Electrical & Electronic Equipment Act • Reforming laws on competition Negative environmental externalities as unfair competition.
  12. 12. Double decoupling as middle ground Göpel, M. (2016). The Great Mindshift (Vol. 2). Cham: Springer International Publishing. Material- economic wealth Ecological footprint Quality of Life 1st order decoupling Technological efficiency (»Green Growth«) 2nd order decoupling Lifestyles of sufficiency (Beyond Growth)
  13. 13. http://www.andrereichel.de/ linkedin.com/in/reichelandre @andrereichel Sustainable growth or sustainable degrowth? Prof. Dr. André Reichel International School of Management | ISM

×