Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.

Position paper market failures july for 20

  • Sé el primero en comentar

  • Sé el primero en recomendar esto

Position paper market failures july for 20

  1. 1. ¯ ¯, ¯ " 072011 ¯ www.jims-israel.orgJIMS Position Paper Series ¯
  2. 2. ¯ ¯, ¯ .2011 1 " " ¯ ¯ ," ¯ ¯ " ¯ ¯" ¯ ¯"." ; ¯ " ¯ " " . ¯ " ¯" . ¯ ¯ . ¯ , ¯ ¯¯ . ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯¯ ¯ ¯ .( ¯ ¯ ) ¯ . .1958 ¯ ¯ ¯ , . ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯ ¯ ¯, ¯ . ¯ ¯ ¯. ¯ , ¯ ¯ . ¯ . ¯, ¯) ," ¯ " . ( , , ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯) ¯ ¯, ¯ ¯ .( ¯ ¯ , ¯ .
  3. 3. ? ¯ :1 ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ : . 2011 16 , ¯ ¯" ¯ ... " . ¯ " ,2011 , ¯ ¯ , , . ¯ ¯ , " , . 93% ¯. , " . 121 2011 ,(OECD 166) 235 ,(OECD 16 ) 20 ¯ 1 ¯ ) " ¯ .(OECD 62%) ¯ 104% 7 ¯ ¯ .147 ( ¯ ¯ 5% ,(OECD 33) 144 ,(OECD 4.8 ) .(OECD 4.4%) ¯, , , ¯ , ¯ ¯ BDO ¯ . , 2 . " 6.9 2010 " ¯ , " 11.5 " ¯ " . 30% ¯ BDO .2010 ¯ ¯," 3.2% ¯ 2008 " ,OECD 3 ¯ " .1.8% OECD .OECD 5.4% ,9.4%1 The World Bank and the International Finance Corporation, "Doing Business Project,"www.doingbusiness.org – ", BDO Consulting Group 2 .54 ,"2011-2012 20103 OECD, "Tax Database," table 22,http://www.oecd.org/document/60/0,3746,en_2649_34897_1942460_1_1_1_1,00.html
  4. 4. OECD ¯ :1 OECD 16 20 166 235 62% 104% ¯ ¯ 4.8 7 ¯ 33 144 ¯ 4.4% 5% ¯ ¯ ¯Source: The World Bank and the International Finance Corporation, "Doing Business Project,"www.doingbusiness.org OECD " :2 OECD 1.8% 3.2% " ¯ " 5.4% 9.4% ¯ "Source: OECD, "Tax Database," table 22,http://www.oecd.org/document/60/0,3746,en_2649_34897_1942460_1_1_1_1,00.html " , , ¯ : ¯ ¯. , , ." , ¯ . " 1 ." ¯ , ¯
  5. 5. .2001 ¯ . ¯ 2008 ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯ ¯ . ,. , ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯ 30% , , . ¯ , ¯ : , . ¯ ¯ .1 ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ .2 .. " .3 ) ¯ . ( 2011 21 , " ; ¯ " – . ¯ ¯ – ¯ ."2011 " , ¯ " ¯ ,¯ ¯ – ¯ ¯ 15 . , , . ¯ . ¯ , " . ¯ ¯ . " ., , ¯ , . .
  6. 6. , ¯ , ¯ . ¯ ¯ , 2011 1, " ¯ ¯ " ¯ ¯ ¯ . ¯ ¯ ? ¯ , ¯ . ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ – ¯ . ¯ ¯, ¯ . , ¯ ¯ . ¯ . , , . " " . ¯ ¯ , ¯ – . . – ¯ – ¯ – ¯ ¯, ., , ¯) , ¯ , , .( , 15 ) 4 .( ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ . ¯ . ¯ ¯ : " " ¯ .1 ." " , .2 ¯ ¯. ¯ , . . 4 , , ¯ , .
  7. 7. , .3 . ¯ , ¯ .4 . ¯ ¯ .5 . ¯ ¯ :2 ¯ . ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ , , ¯ ¯ ¯. ¯ . ¯ ¯ " " ¯ ¯ ¯ , ¯, ¯ ( ¯) . ¯ . ¯ : . , ¯ 2011 12 , " ¯ " ¯ ¯ ¯ " ¯, ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ," " ." ¯ ¯ . ¯ ? ¯ ¯ . , . ¯ ," ¯" 5 2007 22 , ¯ , ¯ ¯ . " , " ¯" . ) ¯ .( ¯ . ¯ . ¯ 5 ¯ ¯ , http://www.moc.gov.il/new/documents/gronau/shacham.pdf ,2007 22 ,
  8. 8. . ¯ ¯ , , ¯ ¯ , ¯ ¯ , ¯ . , ¯ , ¯ . ¯ ¯ :3 ¯ " , ¯. ¯ ¯ ." ¯ ¯ ¯ ": ¯ NRG 22 ¯ . ¯ ¯ . ¯ ¯ ¯ ." ¯" . ¯ ¯ ." " ¯ )" ¯" , , 2007 ¯ , ¯ .( ¯ . , . ... ¯ " , ¯ " ,[ ¯ ¯ ] .[ ] 6 ."16.2% . , ¯ ¯ ¯. ¯ . ¯ ¯ , ¯ ¯, ¯ . , ¯ ¯ . , ¯ . ¯ . , . ¯ 6 .2008 20 ," ¯ ", ¯
  9. 9. 2001 , ¯ :1 ," ¯ ", :," ", http://www.bankisrael.gov.il/deptdata/pikuah/ribit/mortgageh.htm http://www.bankisrael.gov.il/deptdata/monetar/interest/bointcrh.htm

×