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Vocational education

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education, types of education, vocational education , meaning , institutes providing it and various courses under vocational education

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Vocational education

  1. 1.  INTRODUCTION  WHAT IS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION MEANING  NEED FOR VOATIONALISATION OF EDUCATION IN INDIA  VOCATIONAL SUBJECTS IN SECONDARY EDU  AVAILABLE VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS  AGENCIES INVOLVED IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDU  VOCATIONAL EDU IN INDIA  ADVANTAGES,DISADVANTAGES AND PROBLEM AREAS  CONCLUSION
  2. 2.  The term “vocation” means an individual's development of talents and abilities in the choice and enjoyment of a career.
  3. 3. Vocational education is education within vocational schools that prepares people for a specific trade. It directly develops expertise in techniques related to technology, skill and sci entific technique to span all aspects of the trade.
  4. 4. NEED FOR VOCATIONALISATION OF EDUCATION IN INDIA  Reduction in unemployment  Creation of SME’s  World Class productivity & quality  Exports & Tourism surge  GDP increase, per capita advantage
  5. 5. Commerce based:  Office Secretaryship  Stenography and Computer Applications  Accountancy and Auditing  Marketing and Salesmanship  Banking  Retail  Financial Market Management  Business Administration Engineering based:  Electrical Technology  Automobile Technology  Civil Engineering  Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology  Electronics Technology  Geo Spatial Technology  Foundry  IT Application
  6. 6. Heath and Para Medical based:  Ophthalmic Techniques  Medical Laboratory Techniques  Auxiliary Nursing & Midwifery  X-Ray Technician  Healthcare Sciences  Health and Beauty Studies  Medical Diagnostics Home Science based:  Fashion Design & Clothing Construction  Textile Design  Design Fundamental  Music Technical Production  Beauty Services
  7. 7. Others:  Transportation System & Logistic Management  Life Insurance  Library and Information Sciences Agriculture based:  Poultry Farming  Horticulture  Dairying Science and Technology Hospitality and Tourism based:  Food Production  Food and Beverage Services  Mass Media Studies and Media Production  Bakery and Confectionery  Front office  Travel and Tourism
  8. 8.  Many high schools offer basic vocational education, such as home economics, woodshop and auto repair.  Vocational educational institutions vary by state, but most postsecondary vocational instruction is offered by private career schools.  Other institutions offering vocational courses include 2-year community colleges  state-owned institutes of technology and Government-operated adult education centers.
  9. 9. Central Government  National Skills Development Council  Ministry of Human Resource Development  Department of School Education and Literacy (for TVET programmes in  senior secondary schools)  Department of Higher Education (for Technical Education)  Ministry of Labour and Employment,Directorate General of Employment and  Training (for Vocational Training)  There are some other 20 Central Ministries and Departments which have  running some small TVET programmes State Government  Directorate of Technical Education  Private Sector  NGOs
  10. 10. NATIONAL POLICY FOR EDUCATION(1986) •High importance to vocation education and training •Recognises that vocational education increases employability •Policy envisages efforts to provide higher secondary school students with vocational courses NATIONAL SKILL DEVELOPMENT POLICY(2009) Proposed following features Cometency based qualification, certification for learning achievement, national qualifications, avoidance of overlapping of qualifications, Modular character , quality assurance regime, lifelong learning , open and flexible system
  11. 11.  Vocational Education at the +2 stage helps develop competencies required by a specific or for self - employment.  The scheme provides for financial assistance to the states/UTs to set up administrative structure, area vocational surveys, preparation of curriculum, text books teacher training programme etc.  The vocational education programmes are being restructured with demand driven curriculum and a structured workplace hands on training/exposure  The 11th and 12th grade students have access to around 160 vocational courses offered in about 6,000 schools of the 32 States/Union territories of the country.
  12. 12.  Shorter duration  Lesser cost  Hands on experience  Labour- market outcome  Career minded education
  13. 13.  Limited flexibility  Add – on costs  Wrong attitude  Dearth of institutions  Narrow curriculum  Unsuitable medium of instruction  Lack of continuous education
  14. 14.  High drop out rate of secondary education  Enrollment in 11th and 12th grade of vocational education  Employers want employees with good academic skills not just vocational skills  Private and industry participation lacking  Present regulations are very rigid  Lack of experienced and trained teachers  Vocationalisation at all levels is not possible  No clear policy of vocatonal education

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