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Keynote: Raising the Bar on the Ethical Use of Data in Government at the ArabNet Digital Summit 2018

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Speaker: Linda Gibbs, Principal at Bloomberg Associates, New York City Ex-Deputy Mayor of Health and Human Services

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Keynote: Raising the Bar on the Ethical Use of Data in Government at the ArabNet Digital Summit 2018

  1. 1. Raising the Bar on the Ethical Use of Data in Government Linda Gibbs, Principal 05.01.18 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum
  2. 2. Because who doesn’t love Dilbert? ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18 2
  3. 3. My Point Of View: Government has an affirmative obligation to make use of data 3 • Government that is transparent and accountable • Relies on evidence to guide action • Committed to improvement in the public interest ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  4. 4. 4 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  5. 5. Government sits on troves of administrative data – an untapped resource 5 • Data collection is ubiquitous • Data is highly reliable when used to verify eligibility • Data is full of knowledge ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  6. 6. 6 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  7. 7. But data is rarely shared. 7 • Time and effort to make it available • Expertise to open it for use • Cost associated with building the architecture • Risks associated with data breaches • Lawyers who say no • Data “owners” who hoard data for power and control • Administrators who are averse to sharing facts • Increasing concern of perpetuating bias ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  8. 8. 8 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  9. 9. Data as a Public Good 9 • Culture shift from data hoarding to data sharing • Data as a public good – clean and open data in the public interest • Inclusive governance and clear communication • Privacy and protection as paramount — De-identification — System security • Acknowledging and addressing bias is key ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  10. 10. 10 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  11. 11. Data Science has not helped the cause. 11 • Lack of transparency • Users lack access to their own data • Privacy has not been protected • Bias in, bias out • Ubiquity can terrify • Lack of trust ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  12. 12. 12 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  13. 13. Algorithms with a life of their own. 13 • Bias in the data reflects and amplifies bias in life • Surrogate indicators not good enough • Statistical rigor and rigidity of data • Automated action • Rush to market, predatory uses • Surveillance effects magnified ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  14. 14. 14 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  15. 15. Ethical Use of Data 15 • Accuracy - Power of sunlight to cleanse data • User Control - Access and options • Privacy Protections - Systems security and legal protections • Transparency - Clearly document methodologies, publish data sets and research questions • Integrity- Good questions, question causal justification, and careful interpretations of answers • Diversity among programmers- Lived experience ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  16. 16. 16 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  17. 17. Ethical Use of Data - Algorithms 17 • Adequate Math - Statistical rigor on sample size • Data Relevance - No lazy surrogates • Careful testing and narrow application • Constant Data Refresh – to learn and adapt • Awareness of bias and surveillance effects • Decision support not decision maker • Open methodology and available redress ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  18. 18. 18 ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18
  19. 19. Do we need a stronger regulatory framework? 19 • Government action where there is market failure • Where failure occurs, is there strong enough self regulation? (eg Data for Good Code of Ethics) • Are public interests such that government action is necessary? (essential right to privacy and due process) • Government action – Data Standards, Algorithm Audits, comprehensive regulatory frameworks ArabNet Digital Summit – Smart Economy Forum| 05/01/18

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