3. What is Debate?
is a method of interactive and
Debate is a broader form of argument
than deductive reasoning, which only
examines whether a conclusion is a
consequence of premises, and
factual argument, which only
examines what is or isn't the case, or
rhetoric, which is a technique of
4. Why Debate?
Is essential to our survival as a
civilized world. Talking about issues
and trying to figure out how to solve
both sides of an issue
to be considered, and reveals a
large number of facts about a topic.
6. Two men debate or :
Format of Debate
The Lincoln-Douglas Type
there is only one speaker in the side of
the affirmative as well as in the side of
The speaker in the affirmative side
opens the debate then followed by the
7. Rebuttal Type
Where each team from the affirmative and
the negative side is composed of about two
or three members. As the debate starts, the
affirmative speaker opens the constructive
speech and the negative speaker starts the
(rebuttal “a refutation or contradiction.")
Every speaker is allowed to deliver a rebuttal
speech. The debate is closed with
the affirmative side delivering the
9. One-Rebuttal type
is considered as a modified form of the LincolnDouglas type of debate. However in this type of
debate, there are about two to three members
in both the affirmative and the negative side.
(“refute”; Prove (a statement or theory) to be
wrong or false; disprove.)
In this debate, all of the speakers have a chance
to refute the argument of the
opponent with the exception of the first
affirmative speaker who is given the opportunity
to close the debate in his or her rebuttal speech.
10. Oregon-Oxford type
Also allows two to three speakers in both the
affirmative and the negative side. In this kind of
debate, the first speaker in the affirmative side
delivers the entire affirmative case.
After the delivery, the first affirmative speaker will
be interpellated by the first speaker of the
After this, the second speaker of the negative
side will present the entire negative case; then,
the second negative speaker well be interpellated
by the second or the first affirmative speaker.
After, the first speaker of the negative will deliver
his or her rebuttal speech followed by the rebuttal
of the second affirmative speaker.
13. Panel Discussion
discussion of a subject of public interest by a
group of persons forming a panel usually
before an audience.
A panel discussion is designed to provide an
opportunity for a group to hear several
people knowledgeable about a specific
issue or topic present information and
discuss personal views. A panel discussion
may help the audience further clarify and
evaluate their positions regarding specific
issues or topics being discussed and
increase their understanding of the positions
15. Step 1:
Identify the goal and purpose of
your panel discussion.
Establish what you want to achieve by
conducting the discussion, and what
general questions will be answered.
Focus on 1 or 2 main topics to direct
the panel discussion in an organized
16. Step II: Invite experts to
Choose knowledgeable, well-educated
experts or individuals involved in the
focus of your panel discussion. Invite
local coordinators and community
partners to participate in panel
discussions that involve projects within
your community. A panelist does not
have to have an impressive degree or
years of experience to offer insightful
discussion during the presentation.
Invite panelists at least 3 or 3 weeks
prior to the discussion to allow them time
17. Step III: Select and invite a
Choose a moderator who does not
have a conflict of interest with the
subject matter of the panel discussion.
Pick a moderator who will keep the
conversation moving, adhere to and
enforce the guidelines and rules of the
panel discussion, and can act as an
emcee for the event.
18. Step IV: Determine the rules for
the panel discussion.
Establish the guidelines for open discussion, if that's how
you wish the panel discussion to proceed. Open discussion
panel forums usually begin with a question and
conversation ensues between panelists based on their
comments. Guidelines often include a time limit for each
Create time limits for limited discussion methods. Many
times each panelist will be allowed a certain amount of time
to answer each question as asked by the moderator.
Discussion between panelists does not occur in this type of
Determine how questions from the audience will be handled.
Some formats allow questions during the panel discussion.
Others provide time after the panel discussion for audience
members to ask questions of the panelists.
Distribute the rules of the panel discussion to the invited
19. Step V: Write questions for the
Questions should be open-ended and
require more than "yes" or "no"
answers. Create more questions than
you think you will need in case the
panel discussion proceeds more
quickly than anticipated.
20. Step VI: Arrange for the panel
discussion to be recorded.
Recording the discussion in a digital
format will allow it to be posted to the
Internet without having to adjust its
21. Step VII: Present and introduce the
panelists at the beginning of the
Introduce the moderator, and he
should inform the audience of the
purpose of the discussion and provide
a brief summary of the discussion
format and rules. The moderator
should give a short biographical
introduction of the panelists before
leading into the panel discussion.
22. Step VIII: Make Plans
Conduct the discussion as planned,
following the established rules.
The moderator should ask questions
and coordinate the discussion as
23. Step IX: Summary
Conclude the panel discussion with
a summary and closing remarks.
The moderator should thank the
audience and panelists, and give any
pertinent information for follow-up
activities or events.
25. Difference between Debate and
In debating one side must ultimately
win. So any point of disagreement is a
form of attack or contradiction. Such
attacks or contradiction must be
because you're trying to win in the
debate and to prove the other side is
26. While on Panel Discussions everyone
participates on a somewhat equal
footing, even when they disagree.
Points of difference aren't necessarily
attacks/contradictions; they're just points
And to make a point of difference doesn't
imply that the other side is wrong - only
that you disagree with it.
Debate = One sided
Panel Discussion = For general