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Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic
Models

Community Training Institute 2013
Ashley Brundage, Senior Director of Community Impac...
Topics and Objectives


  Why Use Outcomes?
  • Learn value of outcome measurement
  Logic Models
  • Clearly explain how ...
Why Use Outcomes?




                    3
The importance of Evaluation and Outcome
based programing


                                   The
              Accountab...
Benefits of Outcome Measurement


     • Increased accountability to donors and the community
     • Enhance marketing and...
Questions that Outcomes Answer

     • Did the program achieve is intended goals/impact/etc.?
     • How does the program ...
Logic Models
Logic Models: Purpose


     What is a Logic Model?
      • If  Then
      • Visual representation of the program‟s inten...
Logic Models: Resources & Activities




      Resources                        Activities
    • Identify all inputs that ...
Resources & Activities Example


     Resources                  Activities
       •   Staff                  •   Child ab...
ACTIVITY BREAK


                 11
Activity Break: Resources and Activities


      Think about a program at your agency to evaluate.
      • Needs to have a...
Outputs




          13
Logic Model Component: Outputs



         Primary             What do
         Activities         clients do?


         ...
Outputs Example


     Outputs:
     • Educators will teach 200 people about the signs of child
       abuse.
     • Educa...
Activity Break: Develop Outputs


     With your partner,
     Discuss your program‟s activities
     Develop your outputs...
Outcomes
What is outcomes based planning and
evaluation?
                      “Not how many worms
                      the bird f...
Logic Model Component: Outcomes


     • What is an Outcome?
        • Outcomes are the benefits/client change for partici...
Indicators


      • What is an Indicator?
         • Indicators are specific observable, measurable
           characteri...
Building an Outcome




                  How you
     What your    want your    Indicator of   Outcome
     clients do   ...
Building an Outcome




                                          Audience will have
                                     ...
Activity Break: Outcome Statements


                         • Look at your activities and
                           out...
Outcomes: SMART


    S   • Specific

   M • Measurable

    A   • Action-Oriented

    R   • Realistic

    T   • Timed

...
Outcomes: The SMART Format




     X% (number) of clients will
    improve by X% or achieve X
      in a specific time fr...
Outcomes: Example




       80% (160) of 200 clients will
     increase their post test score by
      20% above their pr...
Activity Break: Outputs vs Outcomes


     Check under seat
     Read out loud
     Is yours an Output
      or an Outcome...
Activity Break: SMART Outcomes


     • Using the Outcomes statement developed earlier
     • Add SMART Criteria
     • Fi...
Logic Model Components: Impact


     Impacts are organizational, community, and/or system level
       changes expected t...
Activity Break:


      Add your impact statement to your logic model.
      Share examples with the group.




          ...
Logic Models: Tips
A common problem is that activities and strategies often do not
lead to the desired outcomes.
Check you...
Activity Break: Logic Model Exercise



       Using the logic model
       example provided

       • Individually circle...
Questions?

Thank You!
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Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 1 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 2 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 3 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 4 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 5 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 6 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 7 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 8 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 9 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 10 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 11 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 12 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 13 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 14 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 15 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 16 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 17 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 18 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 19 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 20 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 21 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 22 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 23 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 24 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 25 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 26 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 27 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 28 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 29 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 30 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 31 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 32 Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Slide 33
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Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models

  1. 1. Outputs, Outcomes, and Logic Models Community Training Institute 2013 Ashley Brundage, Senior Director of Community Impact Grants United Way of Metropolitan Dallas
  2. 2. Topics and Objectives Why Use Outcomes? • Learn value of outcome measurement Logic Models • Clearly explain how to construct the logic model Outputs • Clearly explain outputs Outcomes • Provide an in-depth discussion on developing outcomes 2
  3. 3. Why Use Outcomes? 3
  4. 4. The importance of Evaluation and Outcome based programing The Accountability measurement of Results Action & Analysis & Improvement Learning 4
  5. 5. Benefits of Outcome Measurement • Increased accountability to donors and the community • Enhance marketing and fundraising messages • An improved image and greater visibility in the community • Greater success in retaining, maintaining and/or increasing dollars “The American public has extended you the right to avoid taxation in exchange for your commitment to create real social value. You owe it to the public to make a real effort to track your performance and report to them on how you are doing in your work.” from Enterprising Nonprofits 5
  6. 6. Questions that Outcomes Answer • Did the program achieve is intended goals/impact/etc.? • How does the program contribute to the agency‟s strategic goals? • Is this program worth the cost? • Did the program reach the target population? • How can implementation be improved? • Is this program still relevant or viable? • Is what was promised being achieved? • Is the program working? • What is the program accomplishing? • How does this program compare to others? • Did we reasonably accomplish what we committed to do? • How have participants changed as a result of our program? 6
  7. 7. Logic Models
  8. 8. Logic Models: Purpose What is a Logic Model? • If  Then • Visual representation of the program‟s intent Why are Logic Models necessary? • Help to assess the program‟s effectiveness. • Illustrate the client‟s progress through the program • Developing a realistic picture of what the program can expect to accomplish • Helps tell your story and the difference you‟re making 8
  9. 9. Logic Models: Resources & Activities Resources Activities • Identify all inputs that • What will participants be make the activities doing? possible. • Prioritize, what activities • List all the “what” and will help to achieve the “who” that is necessary to outcomes? delivering the activities. • People, materials, meeting space, etc. 9
  10. 10. Resources & Activities Example Resources Activities • Staff • Child abuse awareness • Curriculum presentations • Funding • Distribution of • Awareness handouts awareness handouts • Conference room • Projector 10
  11. 11. ACTIVITY BREAK 11
  12. 12. Activity Break: Resources and Activities Think about a program at your agency to evaluate. • Needs to have a clear target population. • Needs to have a clear method of providing services. • Focus on one for the purposes of this training today. Fill in the Resources and Activities of your program. Work in pairs to help each other. What did you find difficult about this part? Easy? 12
  13. 13. Outputs 13
  14. 14. Logic Model Component: Outputs Primary What do Activities clients do? What is Outputs produced? 14
  15. 15. Outputs Example Outputs: • Educators will teach 200 people about the signs of child abuse. • Educators will give 10 hour long presentations. • Outreach staff will distribute 1,000 child abuse awareness handouts. 15
  16. 16. Activity Break: Develop Outputs With your partner, Discuss your program‟s activities Develop your outputs Fill in the output column of your logic model Share with the group one output from each of your programs What did you find difficult about this part? Easy? 16
  17. 17. Outcomes
  18. 18. What is outcomes based planning and evaluation? “Not how many worms the bird feeds its young, but how well the fledgling flies” United Way of America, 2002 18
  19. 19. Logic Model Component: Outcomes • What is an Outcome? • Outcomes are the benefits/client change for participants during or after their involvement with a program. • Outcomes may relate to a change in knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, behavior, condition, or status. • Satisfaction is not an outcome. Example: Educators increase the audience‟s awareness about signs of child abuse. 19
  20. 20. Indicators • What is an Indicator? • Indicators are specific observable, measurable characteristics or changes that represent achievement of the overall impact. • Specific statistics calculated to summarize the program‟s level of achievement. Example: Percent of target audience that remembers key points of lecture. 20
  21. 21. Building an Outcome How you What your want your Indicator of Outcome clients do clients to Change Statement change Outputs Outcome Indicator 21
  22. 22. Building an Outcome Audience will have increased awareness of child Increased abuse as Attend Increased Pre/Post measured by an presen- Awarenes Test increased score tations s scores from their pre to post test taken before and after Outputs Outcome Indicator the presentation. 22
  23. 23. Activity Break: Outcome Statements • Look at your activities and outputs you have for your program so far. • What outcomes do you want to see? • What indicators will determine those outcomes? • Develop at least one Outcome Statement for your program and share with the group. 23
  24. 24. Outcomes: SMART S • Specific M • Measurable A • Action-Oriented R • Realistic T • Timed 24
  25. 25. Outcomes: The SMART Format X% (number) of clients will improve by X% or achieve X in a specific time frame. 25
  26. 26. Outcomes: Example 80% (160) of 200 clients will increase their post test score by 20% above their pre test score after attending one child abuse awareness presentation. 26
  27. 27. Activity Break: Outputs vs Outcomes Check under seat Read out loud Is yours an Output or an Outcome? 27
  28. 28. Activity Break: SMART Outcomes • Using the Outcomes statement developed earlier • Add SMART Criteria • Fill in the Outcomes column on Logic Model • Report to Group Examples 28
  29. 29. Logic Model Components: Impact Impacts are organizational, community, and/or system level changes expected to result from program activities, which might include improved conditions, increased capacity, and/or changes in the policy arena. Ex: Improved health and well being in North Texas. 29
  30. 30. Activity Break: Add your impact statement to your logic model. Share examples with the group. 30
  31. 31. Logic Models: Tips A common problem is that activities and strategies often do not lead to the desired outcomes. Check your „if-then‟ statements and ensure that they make sense and lead to the outcomes you want to achieve. A logic model makes the connections EXPLICIT. “I think you should be more explicit here in Step Two.” 31
  32. 32. Activity Break: Logic Model Exercise Using the logic model example provided • Individually circle what you think needs adjustment • Share with the group what you identified as problem areas and why 32
  33. 33. Questions? Thank You!
  • LizRose14

    Dec. 4, 2021
  • guidars

    Jun. 1, 2018
  • EngAsmaMasood

    Mar. 19, 2018

My presentation at the Community Training Institute today on creating a logic model.

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