Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.

Active Ageing Index

331 visualizaciones

Publicado el

Detailed study on active ageing on the people of India and Singapore and developed a active ageing index model using Naive Baye's to rank people aaccordingly

Publicado en: Datos y análisis
  • Sé el primero en comentar

Active Ageing Index

  1. 1. Presented by: Abhilasha Kumari || Ashok Eapen Pranav Agarwal || Rohit Pattnaik [National University of Singapore ]
  2. 2. Content  Introduction  Survey  Active Aging Index  Persona  Prototype  Conclusion
  3. 3. Global India 65 63.5 56-60 56-60 5-9 3.5-7.5 Average age for Retirement (Numbers in Years) Iceland 67 67 • Retirement age ? • Data sources on the situation ? • National, regional or local-level policy ? • Level of political support and awareness ? • Local initiatives ? • Active Ageing Index (AAI) ? • Key challenges limiting the use of AAI ? • Unique societal diversity and needs • WHO Reports 2002 • UNECE 2012 (Economic Commission of Europe Reports) • Intervention Prototypes • Programs & Policies • Concrete action plans Starting Point Points to ponder Outcomes expected
  4. 4. Courtesy: WHO Active Ageing Policy Framework(2002) Secondary Focus Group Primary Focus Group Special Interest Group
  5. 5. My safety and Quality of life?? My Financial independence?? My Social Life?? My Health?? Area of interest:  Active ageing index(AAI) in Indians  AAI in Indians staying in India Vs AAI staying at abroad. Typical Questions asked (Candid Mode)  According to you, When does one start to age? Employment:  How did you prepare for retirement?  How satisfied were you at work ?  What are the reasons that stop people from working as they get older? Health :  How do you take care of your health ?  How do you evaluate your physical performance, psychological well being and overall quality of personal and social life? Insights into active ageing determinants What is Active Ageing Index ??
  6. 6. Insights from the interview Quality of life/ Safety Financial independence Social Life Health White Board Model “I have to lead the same quality of life as before” - Former Manager ,Citi bank “My son will take care of me when I retire” - Former Librarian “There is no age to retire till a person is willing to work” and 65 is a very little age to retire” – Former VP ,TATA STEEL “I have saved money for my Second Innings” ,I will open my own business” -- IT professional “I would like to go back to my hometown and lead a meaningful life with family and friends.” -- Army Officer “I would like to strengthen my social network and contribute to social causes.” -- Business Consultant “You would get old when you think you are old”. I feel fit, I exercise and stay stress free. --- Professor “I have an health insurance to take care of my health in my old age. --- Taxi Driver
  7. 7. Less than 50 30.8% Age 50- 60 40.7% Age 60- 65 17.6% Greater than 65 11.0% Participating Age Groups India 69.3% Singapore 20.5% USA 2.3% Britain 3.4% Arab Emerates 4.5% Demographics • Age [65 > x > 50] as our Primary focus group • Age [x < 50] as our Secondary focus group • Age [x > 65] as our Special Interest Group • 69.3% respondents from India are considered as the primary group response • Rest 30.7% responses from non resident Indians are a mark of satisfaction and AAI abroad 91 Valid Responses Across 5Countries
  8. 8. 4.4% 8.8% 25.3% 17.6% 44.0% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 50-55 55-60 60-65 65-70 Greater than 70 How Old is truely "Old" 28.6% 56.0% 15.4% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% young middle-aged old How old do you feel ? Less than 50 30.8% Age 50- 60 40.7% Age 60- 65 17.6% Greater than 65 11.0% 44% of respondents feel Greater than 70 years of age is truly an old However retirement age of 56-60 (In India) doesn’t do justice to the population Participants Age distribution
  9. 9. 19.8% 76.9% 3.3% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% alone with family at an assisted living facility Current Living Condition 70.3% 20.9% 3.3% 5.5% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% married single divorced or separated widow(er) Current Marital Status This confirms the congruency of 70.3% Married individuals flocking in a family environment and a feeble 19.8% staying alone 30.8% 56.0% 6.6% 6.6% 1.1% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% Independently At home cared by family members At home cared by health professionals At assisted living facilities Adventurous Living Preferences Post Retirement However 30.8% of respondents who would like to live independently post retirement
  10. 10. 8.8% 9.9% 44.0% 31.9% 5.5% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% 50.0% paid formal employment volunteer service pursue leisure activities and hobbies spend time with family and friends don't know Post Retirement Plan 30.8% 56.0% 6.6% 6.6% 1.1% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% Independently At home cared by family members At home cared by health professionals At assisted living facilities Adventurous Living Preferences Post Retirement The respondents who would like to live independently may have the inclination to pursue Leisure activities and hobbies Good to observe that only 5.5% of the sample set is undecided on how they want to lead their lives post retirement
  11. 11. 68.1% 24.2% 2.2% 1.1% 4.4% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% Less than 20 hours 20-40 hours 40-60 hours 60-80 hours more than 80hours Time Spent on Volunteering/ social Activity 57.1% 61.5% 50.5% 61.5% 70.3% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% Sports club/Gym/Club for outdoor recreational activities Education/Arts/Music/Cultur al organizations Business/Professional organizations Religious organizations Social organizations Respondents Participation in volunteering /social activities 70.3% of the sample respondents are interested in social volunteering work. However 68.1% spend <20 hours per month
  12. 12. 19.8% 31.9% 20.9% 23.1% 4.4% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% Lack of time Not interested Don’t know how to go about it Cannot find an organization that can make right use of your skill set Financial reasons (travel expense) Why people don’t engage in Volunteer work? 31.9% of the sample respondents are not interested in volunteer work. 20.9% are not aware on how to go about volunteer work 23.1% Have skill Set mismatch 52.8% Hard to reach
  13. 13. 80.2% 13.2% 6.6% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% Yes No Don't Know Would Like to work after Retirement? 56.0% 28.6% 8.8% 5.5% 1.1% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% Most appealing Somewhat appealing Neutral Not appealing Don’t know Incentives of Part time Job with partial pension 20.9% 35.2% 19.8% 17.6% 6.6% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% strongly agree agree neither agree nor disagree disagree strongly disagree Increasing Retirement age is THE need of the hour Whopping 80.2% respondents want to work post retirement 56.1% respondents agree that increasing retirement age is the need of the hour 56% of the respondents want to work post retirement with partial pension and part time job
  14. 14. 0 10 20 30 40 50 very important fairly important not very important not at all important don't know Reason why individuals stop working Mandatory retirement There are no opportunities to gradually reduce working hours Older workers are not positively viewed by employers Older workers lack skills for employment in a modern workspace Work places are not built to suit the needs of older workers NO Clear Victors Here ….. All parameters are fairly important
  15. 15. 0 20 40 60 very satisfied satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied dissatisfied very dissatisfied General Life Satisfaction Levels Life in general Health Work Ability to perform day to day activities Personal relationships Living conditions 80.4% 75.0% 90.2% 68.5% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% Own Health Insurance Affordability Accecibility Adequacy Health Care Facilities Good overall level of satisfaction, greatly points towards better active ageing index
  16. 16. 0 20 40 60 very satisfied satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied dissatisfied very dissatisfied Amenities available and accessibility Public Buildings Public Transport Road and Pedestrian Crossings Public Parks Commercial Premises 0 10 20 30 40 no change required changes required but not urgent some change required a lot of change required new infrastructure required Changes and upgrades felt necessary Interesting Metric Showing the Expectation Vs Reality GAP Satisfaction of the public yields more Expectation and desire for change.
  17. 17. 12.1% 15.4% 26.4% 23.1% 23.1% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% not an obstacle a learning manageable a minor obstacle a major obstacle Technology a boon or a bane?Less than 50 30.8% Age 50- 60 40.7% Age 60- 65 17.6% Greater than 65 11.0% Participants Age distribution The Prototype that we develop has to take all the above parameters into account Key determinants for success of prototype: • Accessibility of service to target groups • Ease of use • Optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security
  18. 18. Active Ageing Index calculation METHOD: • 43 Data Points on Likert Scale Evaluated • All data arranged in Descending order of favorability to active ageing • Scale worth varying between 2-5 𝑵𝒐𝒓𝒎𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒛𝒆𝒅 𝑨𝑨𝑰 𝑺𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒆 = 𝟏𝟎 𝟏𝟒𝟗 ∗ ( 𝒌=𝟎 𝒏 (𝑳𝒊𝒌𝒆𝒓𝒕 𝑺𝒄𝒂𝒍𝒆 𝑽𝒂𝒍𝒖𝒆𝒔) - 43) Absolute Score • Minimum : 43 • Maximum : 192 Normalized Scores • Minimum : 0 • Maximum :10 Increasing Risk Better Active Ageing Interpretation of AAI and Normalized AAI 0 10 0 10
  19. 19. Increasing Risk/ Intervention Better Active Ageing • 13 individuals in Least Risk Zone • 27 individuals in Low Risk Zone • 36 individuals in Border line Zone. Warning for Active ageing • 11 individuals in High Risk Zone . Moderate Intervention Required • 4 individuals in Extreme Risk Zone. Maximum Intervention Required
  20. 20. Age Group Education Occupation Health Attributes Social Attributes Johnn y Ariel Carl <50 50-60 60-65 >65 Dr.Nefari o Undergraduate Postgraduate Post Doctoral Postgraduate Engineer/white collar Manager/white collar Scientist, Retired, Silver Skill Retired Executive Physically fit Overall General satisfaction Physically fit Overall General satisfaction Party Animal Trekking & adventurer Community work Gamer Selective Social Group Family oriented Highly selective core group Community Work Scientific community Physically mobile Deteriorating Health Overall General satisfaction Reduced Mobility Deteriorating Health Chronic condition Limited Interaction Community Work
  21. 21. Johnn y Ariel CarlDr.Nefari o Financial Attributes Technical Adeptness Low-Medium Income High expenditure No investments Medium-High Income High expenditure Immovable property investments High Income Low expenditure Immovable property investments Intellectual Property Low Income Low expenditure Immovable property investments Expert in new tech Uses multiple modes of communication Expert in new service exploration Good in new tech Uses limited modes of communication Expert in new service exploration Good in new tech Uses limited modes of communication Bad in new service exploration Struggles with new tech Uses limited modes of communication Bad in new service exploration Reachability Interest
  22. 22. Engagement Model Need Based Rights Based Communication / Awareness Universal Identification System (UID) • Digital • Printed • Word of mouth • Tele calling • Mobile applications AAIINTERVENTION Required • Medical intervention • Financial Intervention • Social Intervention WARNING Required • Medical Warning • Financial Warning • Social Warning INTERVENTION not Required
  23. 23. Symptoms of onset of cardiac problems High AAI Risk Score Primary Warning App Searches for the nearest window of opportunity with doctors using severity of AAI with patient (UID) Automatic Follow UP App Books appointment and Clears Patient’s work calendar using (UID). Clients Get Automated (OOO) message Automatic Report analysis Test confirms coronary disease and doctor updates the Central Health Server regarding patient Condition Real Time AAI Recalculation Central AAI calculator recalculates risk for patient and makes it available for other systems Medium AAI Risk Score Health Insurance Company Notified The Reports and the Health Index is sent to the health insurance provider.
  24. 24. Health Insurance Company Issues Monitors The Patients UID is used and a monitoring kit is sent immediately using cashless service Monitor Condition App monitors patient condition real time and sets timers for medication History of Condition App updates central server regarding any complications for the patient Automatic Report analysis Doctor Automatically updated on patient health via Central Server Heart attack The health monitor automatically calls emergency services and informs friends Intensive care Doctors are updated with patient info very frequently until stable
  25. 25. • Holsterin and Minkler (2007) argued that the process of idealization of active ageing might be repressive and counterproductive • Lay perspective is missing from the active ageing concept – Besides, the AAI framework does not align with the lay perspectives of successful ageing shown by Bowling and Dieppe (2005) • Active for who? – Individual, households, communities, nations, governments or policy makers • Very often these frameworks for active ageing are designed by policy makers and academics and these might not reflect preferences of older people
  26. 26.  UNECE 2012 report: https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=tpVMCgAAQBAJ&pg=PT336&lpg=PT336&dq=UNECE+2012+report&source=bl&ots=3Mo2cHjJj5&sig=xLLACvnNSzY4yyEgu Ihs3dTr-7o&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiy48fV9sLSAhVIu48KHbvuCE0Q6AEIPjAH#v=onepage&q=UNECE%202012%20report&f=false http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/stats/documents/sustainable_development/2012/Report_on_measuring_sustainable_development_Dec_2012_- _for_consultation.pdf  WHO Report http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/67215/1/WHO_NMH_NPH_02.8.pdf  TEDx Silver Skill: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgEFoLS9Bc4  Retirement Age https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retirement_age

×