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Industrial summer training on 220 kv substation ppt

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Industrial summer training on 220 kv substation ppt

  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING KIPM-COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, GIDA,GKP INDUSTRIAL SUMMER TRAINING 220/132 KV SUBSTATION BARAHUWA ASHUTOSH SRIVASTAVA (1375120016) B.TECH (IV YEAR) (EE)
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENT  Introduction  Single Line Diagram  220 KV Sub-Station  Panel Section  Yard Section  Battery Room  Components of Substation  Conclusion  References
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) is the company responsible for electricity transmission and distribution within the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh .Its chairman is Mr. Sanjay Agarwal. UPPCL Barahuwa 220 KV substation was established in 1979. UPPCL Barahuwa substation is basically contains two substation one of 220/132 KV & other one of 132/33 KV.
  4. 4. Single line diagram
  5. 5. There are three sections of substation: • One incoming section of 220 KV • Two outgoing sections of 132 & 33 KV • 220 KV INCOMMING SECTION: There are four incoming lines of 220 KV- * GKP CKT-1(MOTIRAM ADDA) * GKP CKT-2(MOTIRAM ADDA) * PGCIL SAHJANWA(INDIAN GOV.) * NTPC TANDA(INDIAN GOV.)
  6. 6. • 132 KV OUTGOING SECTION: There are seven outgoing lines of 132 KV- *MOHADDIPUR *MAU-1 *MAU-2(KAUDI RAM) *FCI-1 *FCI-2 *ANAND NAGAR *GIDA
  7. 7. • 33 KV OUTGOING SECTION: There are ten outgoing lines of 33 KV- *RUSTAMPUR *PGCIL SAHJANWA *LAL-DIGGI *NAUSAD *HARPUR GANGTAHI *STATION TRANSFORMER-1 *STATION TRANSFORMER-2(COLONY) *SAHJANWA *GIDA *SPARE
  8. 8. 220 KV SUB-STATION: IT IS DEVIDED INTO THREE PARTS: TWO MAIN PART IS- 1.PANEL SECTION -CONTROL PANEL -RELAYAND PROTECTION PANEL 2. YARD SECTION -220 KV SECTION -132 KV SECTION -33 KV SECTION ONE OTHER PART IS- 1.BATTERY ROOM
  9. 9. PANEL SECTION  it is a room which contains all type of panels.  it has two sections:  Control Panel Section: It contain panels related to controlling of instruments. E.g. feeder panel, X-mer panel, etc.  Relay and Protection Panel Section: It contains panel related to relay system and protection systems. E.g. relay panel, line protection panel, etc.
  10. 10. YARD SECTION 220 KV SECTION… • IT WORKS ON 220 KV. • THERE ARE THREE BUS BARS IN WHICH TWO IS MAIN BUS AND OTHER ONE IS TRANFER BUS. • IT HAS FOUR INCOMMING FEEDERS I.E. FROM PGCIL SAHJANWA, NTPC TANDA,GKP CKT-1 & GKP CKT-2.
  11. 11. 132 KV… • IT WORKS ON 132 KV. •THERE ARE THREE BUS BARS IN WHICH TWO IS MAIN BUS AND OTHER ONE IS TRANFER BUS. •220 KV VOLTAGE IS CONVERTED TO 132 KV VOLTAGE USING FOUR TRANSFORMERS IN WHICH ONE OF 160 MVA & OTHER THREE ARE 100 MVA. • IN OTHER WORDS IT IS 220 KV/132KV SUBSTATION. •THIS LINE IS DIRECTLY FEDED TO MANY OTHER SUBSTATIONS LIKE MOHADDIPUR,GIDA ETC.
  12. 12. 33 KV SECTION… • THIS SECTION WORKS ON 33 KV. • IT HAS TWO FEEDERS OF 33 KV. • ONE FROM 63 MVA TRANSFORMER & ONE FROM 40 MVA TRANSFORMER. • THESE TWO TRANSFORMERS CONVERTS 132 KV/33 KV. • IN OTHER WORDS IT IS 132 KV/33 KV SUSTATION. • THIS LINE IS DIRECTLY FEDED TO MANY INDUSTRIES AND DISTRIBUTORS LIKE GIDA,PGCIL ETC.
  13. 13. BATTERY ROOM 110 DC SUPPLY REQUIRED FOR OPERATION OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS- •55 BATTERIES OF 2V , 300AH (TAURUS-HBL POWER SYSTEM LTD.){FOR REGULER USE} •55 BATTERIES OF 2V , 300AH(HBL POWER SYSTEM LTD.){FOR BACKUP} DC SUPPLY REQUIRED FOR OPERATION IN CONTROL ROOM- •BATTERIES OF 2V , 500 AH (EXIDE INDUSTRIAL)
  14. 14. COMPONENTS OF SUB-STATION – •RELAY •CIRCUIT BREAKER •ISOLATOR •TRANSFORMER •CURRENT TRANSFORMER (CT) •POTENTIAL TRANFORMER (PT) •CAPACITOR VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER (CVT) •LIGHTENING ARRESTER( LA ) •FEEDER •BUS-BAR •INSULATOR •CAPACITOR BANK •WAVE TRAP
  15. 15. RELAY A relay is an electrically operated switch. A relay is a sensing device which sense the abnormal condition and then produce an alarm or open the breaker contact. CIRCUIT BREAKER A circuit breaker is an automatically operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by over-current or overload or short circuit. ISOLATOR Isolator is used to ensure that an electrical circuit is completely de-energized for service or maintenance.
  16. 16. TRANSFORMER A transformer is an electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction. There are eight step down transformer at substation: 220/132 KV TRANSFORMER- 1. 160 MVA(AREVA) 2. 100 MVA(MISTIBUSHI) 3. 100 MVA(MISTIBUSHI) 4. 100 MVA(TELK-TRANFORMERS & ELECTRICLS LIMITED KERALA) (NOT INSTALLED BUT UNDER PROCESS) 132/33 KV TRANSFORMER- 1. 63 MVA(ADITYA VIDYUT APPLIANCES LTD.) 2. 40 MVA(AREVA) 33000/400 VOLT TRANSFORMER- 1. 250 KVA(FOR SUB-STATION)(SWASTIK COPPER JAIPUR) 2. 250 KVA(FOR COLONY)(NGEF)
  17. 17. CURRENT TRANSFORMER It is a step up transformer which is used to measure the current, by stepping up the voltage level. POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER It is a step down transformer which is used to measure the voltage, by stepping up the voltage level. CAPACITOR VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER A capacitor voltage transformer (CVT) is a transformer used to step down extra high voltage signals and provide a low voltage signal for voltage measurement & It also forms a carrier communication network through the transmission network.
  18. 18. LIGHTENING ARRESTER It provides low impedance path for high frequency and high current supply. FEEDER A set of conductors that originate at a primary distribution centre and supply power to one or more secondary distribution centre. BUS-BAR An assembly of conductors for collecting electric currents and distributing them to outgoing feeders.
  19. 19. INSULATOR A material of such low conductivity that the flow of current through it is negligible. CAPACITOR BANK It is used to componsate the power factor from lagging to leading nature. WAVETRAP Tripping the high frequency communication signal sent on the line from the remote substation and diverting them to the telecom panel in the substation control room.
  20. 20. CONCLUSION An engineer needs to have not just theoretical but practical as well as and so every student is supposed to undergo practical training session after 3rd year where I have imbibed the knowledge about transmission, distribution and maintenance with economical issues related to it. At last I would like to say that practical training taken at 220 KV substation barahuwa has broadened my knowledge and widened my thinking as a professional.
  21. 21. REFERENCES  www.slideshare.net  www.seminarprojects.org  www.scribd.com  www.projectsreport.org  www.fullreports.net
  22. 22. At last i would say…… SAVE ENERGY,SAVE FUTURE THANK YOU..

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