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NISO's Altmetrics Initiative

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NISO's Altmetrics Initiative, a presentation by Nettie Lagace for ICIS: Innovating Communication in Scholarship meeting at UC Davis February 13-14, 2014

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NISO's Altmetrics Initiative

  1. 1. NISO’s Altmetrics Initiative Nettie Lagace (@abugseye) ICIS Meeting, UC Davis February 14, 2014
  2. 2. What is NISO? • Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI with 150+ members • Mission of developing and maintaining standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media • Represent US interests to ISO TC46 (Information and Documentation) and also serve as Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC 9 (Identification and Description) • Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Core metadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, SIP, NCIP, MARC records and ISBN (indirectly) • Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world
  3. 3. Premise of “Standards” • Consensus standards created by a community with various stakeholders • Trust • Leading to broader acceptance • Standards as plumbing • Standards facilitate trade, commerce and innovation • Standards reduce costs • Standards support better communication and interoperability across systems
  4. 4. ANSI Standards • Openness, lack of dominance, balance = everyone affected has a voice • Notifications, consideration of views and objections • Consensus votes and appeals • ANSI patent policy, commercial terms and conditions • Publication and maintenance • Credible & have Integrity
  5. 5. The Altmetrics Project • Came out of breakout session at (ACM) altmetrics12 meeting in Chicago, June 2012 • Funded by grant from Alfred P. Sloan Foundation • Premise of grant award: To help facilitate the adoption of altmetrics, development of community consensus standards can help address limitations and gaps that currently exist • Identify and prioritize needs and requirements
  6. 6. Why worth funding? • Scholarly assessment is critical to the overall process – Which projects get funded – Who gets promoted and tenure – Which publications are prominent • Assessment has been based on citation since the 60s • Today’s scholars multiple types of interactions with scholarly content are not reflected – Is “non-traditional” scholarly output important too?
  7. 7. Why worth funding? • In order to move out of “pilot” and “proof-ofconcept” phases … • Altmetrics must coalesce around commonly understood definitions, calculations and data sharing practices • Altmetrics must be able to be audited • Organizations who want to apply metrics will need to understand them and ensure consistent application and meaning across the community
  8. 8. What’s to Standardize? • Field is too new … no existing practice to build on • Standards should not be “invented” / codified • A diversion from the real work that needs to be done – No community practice: administrators, granting orgs etc. need accepted, trustworthy, verifiable info – This project is not taking place overnight; two stages for a reason – NISO open process invites engagement from all
  9. 9. A few Questions about Altmetrics • What gets measured (counted)? • What are criteria for assessing quality of these measures? • How granular should the metrics be to enable computation and analysis? • What period(s) should the metrics cover? • What technical infrastructure is necessary to enable the exchange of the metrics data?
  10. 10. 2 Phases • Phase 1: Hold meetings of stakeholders to define a high-level list of issues – – – – – October 2013, San Francisco December 2013, Washington, DC January 2014, Philadelphia Public Webinars White paper output, public presentations, public feedback • Phase 2: Create Working Group within NISO structure, to create recommended practice(s) and/or standard(s) – Education/training efforts to ensure implementation • Final report to Sloan due November 2015
  11. 11. Linked from
  12. 12. Steering Committee • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Euan Adie, Altmetric Amy Brand, Harvard University Mike Buschman, Plum Analytics Todd Carpenter, NISO Martin Fenner, Public Library of Science (PLoS) (Chair) Michael Habib, Reed Elsevier Gregg Gordon, Social Science Research Network (SSRN) William Gunn, Mendeley Nettie Lagace, NISO Jamie Liu, American Chemical Society (ACS) Heather Piwowar, ImpactStory John Sack, HighWire Press Peter Shepherd, Project Counter Christine Stohn, Ex Libris Greg Tananbaum, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition)
  13. 13. Meeting Format • Livestreamed (video recordings now available) • Morning: lightning talks, post-it brainstorming • Afternoon: discussion groups – Business and use cases – Qualitative/quantitative – Quality and data science – Data integrity – Definitions – Future proofing
  14. 14. Next Steps (Phase 1) • • • • • • Review and process all input from meetings Additional 1-on-1 interviews Community input via Preparation of white paper Public webinar(s) to discuss draft white paper White paper/work proposal finalized; vetted and approved by NISO leadership and members • Phase 2 to begin ~September 2014
  15. 15. Thank you! @abugseye