Chinese Culture

Chinese culture
The flag of China was officially adopted
on October 1, 1949.
 The red of the Chinese flag symbolizes
the communist revolution, and it's also
the traditional color of the people.
The large gold star represents
communism,
The four smaller stars represent the social
classes of the people.
In addition, the five stars together reflect
the importance placed on the number five
in Chinese thought and history.
Chinese history is generally divided into dynasties or periods
during which particular family or group of people reigned.
 Xia Dynasty (2100-1700 BCE)
 Shang Dynasty (1700-1050)
 Zhou Dynasty (1050-221) [inc. Warring States Period 475-
221]
 Qin Emperor and 3-year Dynasty (221-206)
 Han Dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE)
 Six Dynasties Period (220-589)
 Sui Dynasty (589-618)
 Tang Dynasty (618-906)
 Five Dynasties Period (907-60) [military rulers held power]
 Song Dynasty (960-1279)
 Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)
 Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
 Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
Chinese states were unified into a large empire with a
central government
 Republic Period(1912-1949)
 People’s Republic of China(1949-present)
Capital at Present: Beijing
Area: 9,600,000 sq. km
Population: 1.3 billion
Climate: Mainly continental monsoon climate
Currency: Yuan/Renminbi
Religion
If the growth continues
at the rate of 7 percent
Christians could be
32.5 percent of the
Chinese population by
2040, and 66.7 percent
by 2050.“
Source: Professor
Fanggang Yang
President
14 March,2013 - Present
Xi Jinping
Arts
“Calligraphy and poetry are considered as sister arts
and writing was an art equal to painting, music and
poetry”
Starting around 4000 B.C. traditional Chinese painting has developed
continuously over a period of more than six thousand years. Its
growth has inevitably reflected the changes of time and social
conditions. In its early stage of development, Chinese painting was
closely related to the other crafts, from pottery to the decorations
used on the bronzes, carved jade and lacqerware.
Following the introduction of Buddhism to China from India during
the 1st century A.D. and the consequent carving of grottoes and
building of temples, the art of painting religious murals gradually
gained in prominence.
The range of subject matters dealt with in figure painting was
extended far beyond religious themes during the Song dynasty(960-
1127),. Paintings of historical character and stories of everyday life
became extremely popular. Techniques were also further refined.
Landscape painting had already established itself as an independent
form of expression by the 4th century. Then gradually developed into
the two separate styles of “blue-and-green landscapes” and “ink-
and-wash landscape”. The blue-and-green landscape used bright
blue, green and red pigments derived from minerals to create a richly
decorative style. The ink-and wash landscape relied on vivid
brushwork and varying degrees of intensity of ink to express the artist's
conception of nature, and his own emotions and individuality.
Flower-and-bird painting was separated from decorative art to form
an independent genre around the 9th century. A great many artists
painted in this genre during the Song dynasty and their subject matter
included a rich variety of flowers, fruits, insects and fish. Many of the
scholar painters working with ink and brush used a great economy of
line. They produced paintings of such things as plum blossoms,
orchids, bamboo, chrysanthemums, pines and cypresses, using their
subject matter to reflect their own ideals and character.
Chinese Brush
Though it seems like watercolor painting in the West, it has a finer
tip suitable for dealing with a wide range of subjects and for
producing the variations in line required by different styles. Since
the materials used for calligraphy and painting are essentially the
same, developments in calligraphic styles and techniques can also
be used in painting.
Brush Techniques and Strokes
The ancients used the expression yu pi yu mo(to have brush, to
have ink). These show the significance of the meaning for the two
terms pi(brush) and mo(ink).The brush techniques so much
emphasized in Chinese painting include not only line drawing but
also the stylized expressions of shade and texture (cunfa) and the
dotting methods(dianfa) used mainly to differentiate trees and
plants and also for simple embellishment. The brush strokes give
the painting rhythm and beauty and depict the subject's outward and
inner qualities. At the same time, they reveal the individuality and
style of the painter himself.
Type of Painting Brushes:
Hsieh chao pi: Crab claw brush, large and small sizes
Hua jan pi: Brush for painting flowers
Lan yu chu pi: Brush for painting orchids and bamboo
Brushes used for writing:
T’u hao pi: Rabbit's hair brush
Hu ying pi: Hunan sheep's hair brush
Chinese Ink
Ink has been used in calligraphy and painting for over two
thousand years. When the ink cake is ground on the painter's
stone slab with fresh water, ink of various consistencies can be
prepared depending on the amount of water used. Thick ink is
very deep and glossy when applied to paper or silk. Thin ink
appears lively and translucent. As a result, in ink-and-wash
paintings it is possible to use ink alone to create a rhythmic
balance between brightness and darkness, and density and
lightness, and to create an impression of the subject's texture,
weight and coloring
Paper and Silk
Chinese painting may be done either on Chinese paper or silk.
Chinese Paper
The original paper(around 100 AD.)was made from many
different materials including pulp, old fishing nets and bark.
Modern paper is often machine made. It is classed in degrees of
weight and amount of size used. The paper is very absorbent
and the amount of size in it will dictate the quantity of ink used
for strokes on the paper. Different paper produce different
results; some are rough and absorb ink quickly like a sponge,
others have a smooth surface which resists ink. Chinese paper is
usually known as rice paper in English.
Chinese Silk
Before painting on silk, the silk should be treated with alum
and glue before use. This method makes silk less absorbent
than paper. Brushstroke is best shown on paper. Because of this
reason and the paper's variety of texture and finish, paper
quickly became favored by artists and calligraphers.
Chinese Color
Fourth, there are the colors. There are differences in the use of
color between Chinese painting and modern western painting.
Chinese painting aim is not to express the various shades of
color of the subject in relation to a fixed source of light, but to
express the characteristics of the different subjects.
For example, the adding of traces of brown or green to rocks,
trees, leaves, grass and moss in a painting is used to reinforce
the feeling of a particular season or state of the weather.
Dai-jin’s returning late from a spring outing
Guo-xi’s early spring
Ni-zan’s rongxi studio
Wu-zhen autumn river
Craft
“Chinese craft is not only aesthetic beauty for themselves but
also great treasures for China and the rest of the world”
Black eggshell pottery
Bodhisattva Bronze Stand
Chinese jarCarved Lacquer tray
Ceramic female attendants
Crossbow men Eastern Han Jade ornament with dragon
and phoenix design
Seated Buddha Monk, Song dynasty Leshan Giant Buddha,
Tang dynasty
Shang dynasty bronze ritual ding
Western Han
Tang dynasty tri-color horse
Tang dynasty tomb figure Wine Jar Song Dynasty Porcelain_Bottle
Zhou dynasty bronze musical bell
Terracotta Army
Architecture
“The most significant characteristic is the use of timber
framework. Paintings and carvings were added to the
architectural work to make it more beautiful and attractive”
Xia Dynasty
 Early markings from this period found on pottery and shells
are thought to be ancestral to modern Chinese characters.
 With few clear records matching the Shang oracle bones or
the Zhou bronze vessel writings, the Xia era remains poorly
understood and little is known about the architecture of Xia
Dynasty.
 According to mythology, the dynasty ended around 1600
BC as a consequence of the Battle of Mingtiao.
Zhou bronze vessel Shang oracle bones
Shang Dynasty
 The first set comes from sources at Shangcheng. The
second set is at An-yang, in modern-day Henan. The
findings at An-yang include the earliest written record of
Chinese past so far discovered.
 In the cities people lived in rectangular houses laid out in
rows, built of wood and rammed earth. In the center of the
city, there was a big palace or temple on a high earth
platform. One building at An-yang was a big hall with
pillars all the way around it.
 There was a city wall of rammed earth around the Shang
capital at An-yang. These were built by piling up dirt and
pounding it until it was as hard as rock.
 Other people at that time were building rammed earth altars,
in circular patterns like this one to worship Heaven, and
square ones to worship Earth.
 In the summertime, people moved out of their dark sod
houses and lived instead in a tree-house built on a wooden
platform, with the roof made of poles and branches. Living
high up in the air kept them safe from animals and snakes.
Shang Dynasty city wall around
ZhengzhouShang Dynasty Altar
Zhou (Chou) Dynasty
 There had been a lot of big palaces and shrines. These palaces
were built mainly of big wooden beams. They had rammed earth
walls, like the buildings of the Shang Dynasty. They had
courtyards. Archaeology tells us that some of these buildings had
clay roof tiles.
 Rich people's houses already looked a lot the way rich people's
houses looked in later China, with walls around them and
courtyards and more private areas for the women in the back.
 The Zhou emperors made laws about how fancy house could be.
Only the emperors were allowed to have artists carve their pillars
and paint them red. Only the very richest families could paint their
pillars black. People who were not so rich painted their pillars
yellow.
TYPES OF ANCIENT CHINESE
ARCHITECTURE
Classification by structure
 Chinese pavilions
 Terraces
 Storeyed pavilions
Chinese pavilions
Chinese Pavilions are covered structures without surrounding walls.
Types of Chinese Pavilion: Round, square, triangular
Practical function:
 Used for military and governmental purposes
 As a place for rest
 As a roof to a stone tablet
Aesthetic function:
Pavilions provided a place to sit and enjoy
the scenery, and they also became part of the
scenery itself, being attractive structures.
Terraces
As an ancient architectural structure of Chinese,
the tai was a very much elevated terrace with a flat
top, generally built of earth and stone and surfaced
with brick.
Functions of terraces :
 As an observatory
 As beacon towers along the Great Wall
 In honor of the sincere friendship
Storeyed Pavilions
 It is used in ancient times for the
storage of important articles and
documents
 A place where educated men used
to gather to write articles and
hold banquets
 Used for enjoying the sights
Functions of storeyed pavilions :
Storeyed Pavilions were like simple
pavilions stacked on top of each
other.
 Imperial Palaces
 Traditional Chinese Gardens
 Altars and Temples
 Religious Structures
 Tombs and Mausoleums
Classification by function
Imperial Palaces
Usually built on a grand scale, the
imperial palaces are closely related to
imperial sovereignty and were also
constructed for the entertainment of
rulers.
 Imperial palaces are where emperors
lived and administered their court
during their reign. They are the most
revered, luxurious and grandiose
architectural types from ancient
China.
 The ancient palaces were
strictly laid out on central
axis.
 Yellow roof tiles were used.
 The wooden columns of the
buildings, as well as the
surface of the walls, tend to
be red in color.
 The Chinese dragon was
heavily used on Imperial
architecture.
Traditional Chinese Gardens
The most distinguishing feature of traditional Chinese
gardens is their natural mountain-and-water style. Chinese
garden architecture includes both grand imperial gardens
and delicate private ones.
Altars and Temples
Altars and temples built in
ancient China were meant for
practice of rites.
Three categories:
 Imperial temples and altar for
worshiping of Heaven, the
earth, the sun, the moon and
the imperial ancestors.
 Commemorative temples for
dead people of great virtue.
 Family temples
A Chinese Taoist temple is
the holy hall where Taoists
perform their religious
ceremonies.
Taoist Temples
Religious Structures
Buddhist Temple Constructions
Buddhist Temple
Constructions in China
include Buddhist temples,
monasteries, pagodas,
Buddhist halls and grottoes.
Tombs and Mausoleums
People of all social classes had their tombs carefully built.
Over the centuries, the craft of tomb construction gradually
merged with arts like painting, calligraphy and sculpture. It
eventually became its own art form.
Great Wall of China Summer Palace
Summer palace
Other Architectures
Great hall of peopleForbidden City
Literature
“Chinese literature is one of the major literary
heritages of the world, with an uninterrupted
history of more than 3,000 years”
Chinese Literature is one of the most
major literacy with an interrupted
history and more that 30,000 years,
dating back at least to the 14th
century.
There are four Classes of Literature
1. Classical Literature
2. Modern Literature
3. Contemporary Literature
4. Present Age Literature
1.The Chinese Classical Literature (1644-1911)
It refers to the earliest period and covers works from 3,000 yeas
ago to the late Qing dynasty and is virtually unbroken strands
enduring dynastic changes. Written in ancient form of language
that is very different from present day Chinese, it needs to be
carefully studied to be understand
2. Chinese Modern Literature
It refers to the period from the
Opium War in 1840 to the may fourth
movement in 1919.
*Opium War- this is the war
between two wars in the mid 19th century
involving Anglo Chinese dispute over the
British.
- people observed the impact of
Western thought as foreigners poured
China and established their colonies,
novels, poetry and other works begun to
appear with the theme o patriotism and
revelation of social literature.
3. Contemporary Literature (1919-1949)
It took on a new vigor despite the fact that
Chinese was in the checkered and complicated
times.
4. Present Age Literature (1949-present)
It evolved since the establishments of the
People’s Republic in 1949 during this time.
There was a Logjam as a consequence of the
cultural resolution that lasted for near 10 years that era
is now long past and we now have a favorable turn
events and a great number of responsible written
works
Some of the literatures
Chinese Culture
Chinese Culture
Music
“Confucius: China’s foremost philosopher of music”
Traditional Musical Instruments
It is of four categories namely:
Stringed instruments
Percussion instruments
Plucked instruments
Wind instruments
General Traits of Traditional Music
 Grand entry
 Technical finesse
 Pentatonic scale
 Smoothly Continous
 Grand finale
Chimes and Bells in the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties
Tang Dynasty Music Show Tang Dynasty Dancing and Singing Show
Chinese opera music
China is known for their traditional theater art form, it
combines music, vocal performance, pantomime, dance, and
acrobatics. It is meant for entertainment. There are now several
major types of Chinese opera, but the favorites are
probably Beijing opera and Sichuan opera.
In general, a small ensemble of about seven musicians play at
one end of the stage. Experienced musicians know the score so
well that they can perform from memory.
The instruments include the erhu and other stringed
instruments, wood clappers, gongs, cymbals, and wind
instruments. The main function of the string instruments is to
accompany the singing, but they are used to make special
effects sounds such as animal sounds too.
O
P
E
R
A
Some Instruments
Dizi Xum
Guzheng
Dulcimer
Erhu
Hulusi
Lute (Pipa)
Dolceola
Xiao boSuzhou
Dance
“Chinese dance, with its vivid whirling ribbons, elaborate
stylized movements, ethnically diverse costumes, and stories
of China's past and its peoples, offers a tantalising glimpse
into a complex and ancient culture”
There are two types of dance:
 Court Dance
 Folk Dance
Court Dance: The arts flowered in the Tang dynasty, 618 - 906
CE, interweaving poetry, painting, sculpture, music and dance
into sophisticated amusements and cultural expressions for the
upper classes. Dancers learned martial arts, gymnastics and
expressive sculptural forms that were codes for classic stories
and emotions. Court dances were reserved for the palace of the
emperor and for ceremonies in Confucian temples and
eventually migrated to the highly stylized Peking Opera
 Prince Qin's Cavalry
It is a massive, spectacular dance with military
maneuvers, battle formations and audience participation. It
filled the stage with 100 singers, 100 musicians and more
than 100 dancers who moved in a dozen variations of
martial maneuvers. The entire synchronized exercise was
a military-readiness performance to remind the peaceful
Tang dynasty that the threat of war required constant
vigilance.
 Nichang Yuyi
It is also known as The Feather Dress Dance or The
Song of Enduring Sorrow is a delicate lament about an
emperor and his concubine, performed in feathered
costumes. Tang dynasty emperor Xuan Zong wrote and
choreographed this dance, which is still a popular tourist
must-see in China due to its ethereal setting, costumes and
romantic story.
The dancers act out the emperor's dream that
includes a journey to the moon where he is
entertained by a host of graceful performers. In the
dance, the emperor awakens and tells the dream to
his favorite concubine, who then dances it for him,
fluttering around the stage in feathers and silk that
enhance her refined court dance movements.
Folk Dance: China has China has 56 distinct ethnic
minorities, and each has traditional dances that reflect and
express its culture. Miao, Dai, Mongolian and Tibetan
minorities perform some of the most well-known dances,
and each has traditional dances that reflect and express its
culture. Miao, Dai, Mongolian and Tibetan minorities
perform some of the most well-known dances
 Fan Dance
Fans, used throughout Chinese history at every level of
society for thousands of years, are colorful and fluid stage
props, often stand-ins for blooming flowers, clouds, or lofty
sentiments. In the Fan Dance, the dancer's body follows the
lead of the fan, arcing and exploding into dynamic moves as
the fans float in the air or snap open and closed
 Ribbon Dance
It is emotive and expressive, with frequent leaps and
twirls aiding in the constant shapes and spirals formed by the
long silk ribbons. This dance emerged from ancient Han
dynasty heroic legends, but the "dancing" ribbons were so
mesmerizing that the choreography evolved to feature just
the breathtaking formations traced in the air.
 The Lion Dance
It kicks off the Lunar New Year. It's a clownish,
exuberant romp down commercial streets lined with parade
goers and merchants.
 The Dragon Dance
It is part of the Lantern Festival on the fifteenth night
of the two-week New Year's festivities. A brightly painted
tossing head and synchronized snaking line of dancers - the
dragon's body - chase away misfortune and evil spirits as
they bestow blessings on the crowd.
Prince Qin's Cavalry Nichang Yuyi
Chinese Ballet
Lion Dance Dragon Dance
Disco and Ballroom Dance
Folk dance of Dai minority Folk dance of Miao ethnic
group
Food
“The Chinese eat everything with four legs, except tables,
and everything that flies, except airplanes”
-Anon
Traditonal Food items are
 Rice
 Millet
 Wheat
 Noodles
 Tofu
 Tea
 Meat (Pork, Beef, Chicken, Duck, Pigeon)
 Sorghum
 Wine (Rice and Millet)
 Vegetables (Soyabeans and Cucumber)
Regional Food Types
Northern China: Salty, simple,
less vegetables with wheat as the
staple food. Food using wheat as
its main ingredient, such as noodles
and dumplings is prevalent there.
Western China: Hearty halal
food with lamb the main meat
Eastern China: Sweet and light
Southern Minority: Sour and
many minorities eat chilies every
day
Central China: Spicy with a lot
of seasonings
Festival
“China is a kingdom of festival”
China's festivals mainly fall into three
categories
 Agricultural
 Religious
 Social
Chinese New Year (1st - 15th of the first lunar month): Pasting
scrolls, the character 'Fu', and paper-cuts pictures, setting-off
firecrackers and fireworks, paying New Year visits, and eating
jiaozi.
Lantern festival (15th day of the first lunar month): Watching
lanterns and fireworks, guessing lantern riddles, performing folk
dances, and eating yuanxiao.
Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping day) (April 4th or 5th of
the solar calendar): Tomb sweeping, spring outings, and flying
kites.
Dragon Boat Festival (5th day of the 5th lunar month): Dragon
boat racing, eating zongzi, wearing a perfume pouch and tying
five-colour silk thread, and hanging mugwort leaves and calamus.
Double Seventh Festival or Chinese Valentine’s day(7th
day of seventh lunar month): Praying for skillful hands,
appreciating the stars, and eating noodles, jiaozi, and wontons
Mid-autumn Festival (15th day of the 8th lunar month):
Appreciating and offering sacrifice to the moonlight and eating
moon cakes.
Chongyang Festival (9th day of the 9th lunar month): Eating
Chongyang cake, drinking chrysanthemum wine, climbing
mountains and appreciating beautiful chrysanthemums.
Winter Solstice (Dec. 21st, 22nd or 23rd in solar calendar):
having dumplings in northern areas and having sticky puddings in
southern areas.
Laba Festival (8th day of the 12th lunar month): Eating laba rice
porridge and a variety of ingredients.
Chinese New Year
Chongyang
Double Seventh
Dragon-Boat Festival
Laba Festival
Lantern
Mid Autumn Festival
Qingming
Winter solstice
Fashion
“Red is favorite for most Chinese people since red
symbolizes good luck in traditional mind”
Some of the traditonal dress
 Tunics like long t-shirt (Xia Dynasty)
 Hanfu (Traditional Han Chinese
Clothing) – Xia Dynasty
 Adornment and Jewelry
 Pien Fu
Sheni
Chang Pao
 The Shenyi
 Clothes for the Head (Phoenix crown, Tang
Official headwear, Song official Headwear, Ming)
 Paneling Lanshan
 Dragon Robe
History of Clothing
Chinese Culture
Products
“Products developed turned from good to
worse in modern times”
Some of the products are
 Paper
 Printing
 Gun Powder
 Compass
 Noodles
 Gas Cylinder
 Kite
 Nail Polish
 Natural gas as fuel
 Rocket Arrows
 Sunglasses
 Bell
Miscalleneous
Acupuncture
It is a form of
alternative medicine in which
thin needles are inserted into the
body. It is a key component of
traditional Chinese medicine
(TCM). TCM theory and practice
are not based upon scientific
knowledgeand acupuncture is a
pseudoscience.It is most often
used for pain relief and is
generally used only in
combination with other forms of
treatment.
Kung fu
Chinese Kung Fu (Martial
Arts or as popularly
referred to as Gongfu or
Wushu) is a series of
fighting styles which has
developed over a long
historical period in China.
Styles including Shaolin,
Tai Chi and Qigong have
many followers worldwide.
Although being fighting
styles, Kung Fu advocates
virtue and peace, not
aggression or violence.
1 de 103

Recomendados

Sikhism + por
Sikhism +Sikhism +
Sikhism +jfpron
1.4K vistas21 diapositivas
China por
ChinaChina
Chinaguestd6b2aa
607 vistas8 diapositivas
Maryams presentation china por
Maryams presentation chinaMaryams presentation china
Maryams presentation chinamkhan0604
843 vistas12 diapositivas
The culture of china por
The culture of chinaThe culture of china
The culture of chinaYachay Tech
6.4K vistas111 diapositivas
Festivals in NEPAL por
Festivals in NEPALFestivals in NEPAL
Festivals in NEPALHasrat Ali
1.4K vistas12 diapositivas
All About China V por
All  About  China VAll  About  China V
All About China VKate Ahern
15K vistas19 diapositivas

Más contenido relacionado

La actualidad más candente

Dragon boat festival por
Dragon boat festivalDragon boat festival
Dragon boat festivalKaren Chen
247 vistas15 diapositivas
ALL ABOUT CHINA por
ALL ABOUT CHINA ALL ABOUT CHINA
ALL ABOUT CHINA Julie Uribe
1.2K vistas14 diapositivas
Brief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisions por
Brief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisionsBrief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisions
Brief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisionsSufi Nouman Riaz
317 vistas53 diapositivas
Tetsuya Hanamura - Environmental Management on Mt. Fuji and Mountains in Japan por
Tetsuya Hanamura - Environmental Management on Mt. Fuji and Mountains in JapanTetsuya Hanamura - Environmental Management on Mt. Fuji and Mountains in Japan
Tetsuya Hanamura - Environmental Management on Mt. Fuji and Mountains in JapanSustainable Summits Initiative
4.7K vistas42 diapositivas
Japan por
JapanJapan
JapanAyedhAlmansoori
1.1K vistas13 diapositivas
Indian festivals por
Indian festivalsIndian festivals
Indian festivalsAsefapatel2801
408 vistas7 diapositivas

La actualidad más candente(20)

Dragon boat festival por Karen Chen
Dragon boat festivalDragon boat festival
Dragon boat festival
Karen Chen247 vistas
ALL ABOUT CHINA por Julie Uribe
ALL ABOUT CHINA ALL ABOUT CHINA
ALL ABOUT CHINA
Julie Uribe1.2K vistas
Brief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisions por Sufi Nouman Riaz
Brief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisionsBrief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisions
Brief introduction to history of china and its administrative divisions
Sufi Nouman Riaz317 vistas
China Amazing Facts Powerpoint Presentation por Pure Presentations
China Amazing  Facts Powerpoint Presentation China Amazing  Facts Powerpoint Presentation
China Amazing Facts Powerpoint Presentation
Pure Presentations93.1K vistas
Chinese festivals中国节日(英文介绍) por Michelle Fan
Chinese festivals中国节日(英文介绍)Chinese festivals中国节日(英文介绍)
Chinese festivals中国节日(英文介绍)
Michelle Fan3.7K vistas
Korean art por bassmanb
Korean artKorean art
Korean art
bassmanb1.6K vistas
Ancient japan additional slides por Ms Wilson
Ancient japan additional slidesAncient japan additional slides
Ancient japan additional slides
Ms Wilson6.7K vistas
Country presentation final china por ANUJ GOYAL
Country presentation final chinaCountry presentation final china
Country presentation final china
ANUJ GOYAL3.9K vistas
Travel and Tourism Group Project (Class 10) por SayanMandal31
Travel and Tourism Group Project (Class 10)Travel and Tourism Group Project (Class 10)
Travel and Tourism Group Project (Class 10)
SayanMandal314.2K vistas
Culture of pakistan - An Introduction por Asad Ali
Culture of pakistan - An IntroductionCulture of pakistan - An Introduction
Culture of pakistan - An Introduction
Asad Ali357 vistas
China's Culture por kevinmccourt
China's CultureChina's Culture
China's Culture
kevinmccourt12.6K vistas
The Chinese Culture At a Glance por Bob Wong
The Chinese Culture At a GlanceThe Chinese Culture At a Glance
The Chinese Culture At a Glance
Bob Wong4.6K vistas
Ancient Japanese Culture por lolipop
Ancient Japanese CultureAncient Japanese Culture
Ancient Japanese Culture
lolipop4.9K vistas

Similar a Chinese Culture

Art of China 2 por
Art of China 2Art of China 2
Art of China 2Greg A.
1.5K vistas18 diapositivas
Presentation art history por
Presentation art historyPresentation art history
Presentation art historyjonidapremium2012
456 vistas14 diapositivas
Asian art: Chinese Art and Indian Art por
Asian art: Chinese Art and Indian ArtAsian art: Chinese Art and Indian Art
Asian art: Chinese Art and Indian ArtJinky Depio
18.2K vistas54 diapositivas
Chinese free brush.1 a por
Chinese free brush.1 aChinese free brush.1 a
Chinese free brush.1 aPatrice Burkhardt
24 vistas31 diapositivas
Asian Paintings And Sculptures por
Asian Paintings And SculpturesAsian Paintings And Sculptures
Asian Paintings And Sculptureszelah marie dasmariñas-gorres
2.2K vistas17 diapositivas
Art of China and Japan.pptx por
Art of China and Japan.pptxArt of China and Japan.pptx
Art of China and Japan.pptxSidra Akhtar
13 vistas26 diapositivas

Similar a Chinese Culture(20)

Art of China 2 por Greg A.
Art of China 2Art of China 2
Art of China 2
Greg A.1.5K vistas
Asian art: Chinese Art and Indian Art por Jinky Depio
Asian art: Chinese Art and Indian ArtAsian art: Chinese Art and Indian Art
Asian art: Chinese Art and Indian Art
Jinky Depio18.2K vistas
Art of China and Japan.pptx por Sidra Akhtar
Art of China and Japan.pptxArt of China and Japan.pptx
Art of China and Japan.pptx
Sidra Akhtar 13 vistas
Chinese Art APAH por smolinskiel
Chinese Art APAHChinese Art APAH
Chinese Art APAH
smolinskiel2.1K vistas
Greek and romans chapter 7 earlychinesejapaneseart 101012153900-phpapp01 por Karen Owens
Greek and romans chapter 7 earlychinesejapaneseart 101012153900-phpapp01Greek and romans chapter 7 earlychinesejapaneseart 101012153900-phpapp01
Greek and romans chapter 7 earlychinesejapaneseart 101012153900-phpapp01
Karen Owens6K vistas
ARTS AND CRAFTS FOUND IN CHINA, JAPAN AND KOREA por Cyra Micu
ARTS AND CRAFTS FOUND IN CHINA, JAPAN AND KOREAARTS AND CRAFTS FOUND IN CHINA, JAPAN AND KOREA
ARTS AND CRAFTS FOUND IN CHINA, JAPAN AND KOREA
Cyra Micu5.4K vistas
A Brief History of Chinese Painting 3.0 por Jerry Daperro
A Brief History of Chinese Painting 3.0A Brief History of Chinese Painting 3.0
A Brief History of Chinese Painting 3.0
Jerry Daperro3.1K vistas
Chinese calligraphy 1 por Anita Welych
Chinese calligraphy 1Chinese calligraphy 1
Chinese calligraphy 1
Anita Welych1.4K vistas
Chinese And Korean Art After 1279 Emily Andrew Sam por bassmanb
Chinese And Korean Art After 1279 Emily Andrew SamChinese And Korean Art After 1279 Emily Andrew Sam
Chinese And Korean Art After 1279 Emily Andrew Sam
bassmanb6.1K vistas
Chinese Art - Painting.pptx por ChienJazo
Chinese Art - Painting.pptxChinese Art - Painting.pptx
Chinese Art - Painting.pptx
ChienJazo9 vistas
Web Work9 por kskilton
Web Work9Web Work9
Web Work9
kskilton615 vistas
asianart-121012153937-phpapp01.pptx por vrajpatel154117
asianart-121012153937-phpapp01.pptxasianart-121012153937-phpapp01.pptx
asianart-121012153937-phpapp01.pptx
vrajpatel15411712 vistas

Último

Yin Sun - Shell por
Yin Sun - ShellYin Sun - Shell
Yin Sun - ShellDutch Power
62 vistas17 diapositivas
Timeahead Agency Pitch Deck.pdf por
Timeahead Agency Pitch Deck.pdfTimeahead Agency Pitch Deck.pdf
Timeahead Agency Pitch Deck.pdfHabib-ur- Rehman
9 vistas13 diapositivas
Helko van den Brom - VSL por
Helko van den Brom - VSLHelko van den Brom - VSL
Helko van den Brom - VSLDutch Power
63 vistas18 diapositivas
falsettos por
falsettosfalsettos
falsettosRenzoCalandra
6 vistas48 diapositivas
BLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdf por
BLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdfBLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdf
BLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdfFiverr
11 vistas9 diapositivas
Post-event report intro session-1.docx por
Post-event report intro session-1.docxPost-event report intro session-1.docx
Post-event report intro session-1.docxRohitRathi59
12 vistas2 diapositivas

Último(20)

Helko van den Brom - VSL por Dutch Power
Helko van den Brom - VSLHelko van den Brom - VSL
Helko van den Brom - VSL
Dutch Power63 vistas
BLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdf por Fiverr
BLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdfBLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdf
BLogSite (Web Programming) (1).pdf
Fiverr11 vistas
Post-event report intro session-1.docx por RohitRathi59
Post-event report intro session-1.docxPost-event report intro session-1.docx
Post-event report intro session-1.docx
RohitRathi5912 vistas
231121 SP slides - PAS workshop November 2023.pdf por PAS_Team
231121 SP slides - PAS workshop November 2023.pdf231121 SP slides - PAS workshop November 2023.pdf
231121 SP slides - PAS workshop November 2023.pdf
PAS_Team150 vistas
OSMC | SNMP Monitoring at scale by Rocco Pezzani & Thomas Gelf por NETWAYS
OSMC | SNMP Monitoring at scale by Rocco Pezzani & Thomas Gelf OSMC | SNMP Monitoring at scale by Rocco Pezzani & Thomas Gelf
OSMC | SNMP Monitoring at scale by Rocco Pezzani & Thomas Gelf
NETWAYS11 vistas
OSMC 2023 | Will ChatGPT Take Over My Job? by Philipp Krenn por NETWAYS
OSMC 2023 | Will ChatGPT Take Over My Job? by Philipp KrennOSMC 2023 | Will ChatGPT Take Over My Job? by Philipp Krenn
OSMC 2023 | Will ChatGPT Take Over My Job? by Philipp Krenn
NETWAYS22 vistas
Roozbeh Torkzadeh - TU Eindhoven por Dutch Power
Roozbeh Torkzadeh - TU EindhovenRoozbeh Torkzadeh - TU Eindhoven
Roozbeh Torkzadeh - TU Eindhoven
Dutch Power62 vistas
CitSciOz MOUA Inspiring Change Through Art por Christian Bartens
CitSciOz MOUA Inspiring Change Through ArtCitSciOz MOUA Inspiring Change Through Art
CitSciOz MOUA Inspiring Change Through Art
Christian Bartens43 vistas
Synthetic Biology.pptx por ShubNoor4
Synthetic Biology.pptxSynthetic Biology.pptx
Synthetic Biology.pptx
ShubNoor45 vistas
Gym Members Community.pptx por nasserbf1987
Gym Members Community.pptxGym Members Community.pptx
Gym Members Community.pptx
nasserbf19876 vistas
Managing Github via Terrafom.pdf por micharaeck
Managing Github via Terrafom.pdfManaging Github via Terrafom.pdf
Managing Github via Terrafom.pdf
micharaeck5 vistas
OSMC 2023 | IGNITE: Metrics, Margins, Mutiny – How to make your SREs (not) ru... por NETWAYS
OSMC 2023 | IGNITE: Metrics, Margins, Mutiny – How to make your SREs (not) ru...OSMC 2023 | IGNITE: Metrics, Margins, Mutiny – How to make your SREs (not) ru...
OSMC 2023 | IGNITE: Metrics, Margins, Mutiny – How to make your SREs (not) ru...
NETWAYS7 vistas

Chinese Culture

  • 2. The flag of China was officially adopted on October 1, 1949.  The red of the Chinese flag symbolizes the communist revolution, and it's also the traditional color of the people. The large gold star represents communism, The four smaller stars represent the social classes of the people. In addition, the five stars together reflect the importance placed on the number five in Chinese thought and history.
  • 3. Chinese history is generally divided into dynasties or periods during which particular family or group of people reigned.  Xia Dynasty (2100-1700 BCE)  Shang Dynasty (1700-1050)  Zhou Dynasty (1050-221) [inc. Warring States Period 475- 221]  Qin Emperor and 3-year Dynasty (221-206)  Han Dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE)  Six Dynasties Period (220-589)  Sui Dynasty (589-618)  Tang Dynasty (618-906)  Five Dynasties Period (907-60) [military rulers held power]  Song Dynasty (960-1279)  Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)  Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)  Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
  • 4. Chinese states were unified into a large empire with a central government  Republic Period(1912-1949)  People’s Republic of China(1949-present) Capital at Present: Beijing Area: 9,600,000 sq. km Population: 1.3 billion Climate: Mainly continental monsoon climate Currency: Yuan/Renminbi
  • 5. Religion If the growth continues at the rate of 7 percent Christians could be 32.5 percent of the Chinese population by 2040, and 66.7 percent by 2050.“ Source: Professor Fanggang Yang
  • 6. President 14 March,2013 - Present Xi Jinping
  • 7. Arts “Calligraphy and poetry are considered as sister arts and writing was an art equal to painting, music and poetry”
  • 8. Starting around 4000 B.C. traditional Chinese painting has developed continuously over a period of more than six thousand years. Its growth has inevitably reflected the changes of time and social conditions. In its early stage of development, Chinese painting was closely related to the other crafts, from pottery to the decorations used on the bronzes, carved jade and lacqerware. Following the introduction of Buddhism to China from India during the 1st century A.D. and the consequent carving of grottoes and building of temples, the art of painting religious murals gradually gained in prominence. The range of subject matters dealt with in figure painting was extended far beyond religious themes during the Song dynasty(960- 1127),. Paintings of historical character and stories of everyday life became extremely popular. Techniques were also further refined.
  • 9. Landscape painting had already established itself as an independent form of expression by the 4th century. Then gradually developed into the two separate styles of “blue-and-green landscapes” and “ink- and-wash landscape”. The blue-and-green landscape used bright blue, green and red pigments derived from minerals to create a richly decorative style. The ink-and wash landscape relied on vivid brushwork and varying degrees of intensity of ink to express the artist's conception of nature, and his own emotions and individuality. Flower-and-bird painting was separated from decorative art to form an independent genre around the 9th century. A great many artists painted in this genre during the Song dynasty and their subject matter included a rich variety of flowers, fruits, insects and fish. Many of the scholar painters working with ink and brush used a great economy of line. They produced paintings of such things as plum blossoms, orchids, bamboo, chrysanthemums, pines and cypresses, using their subject matter to reflect their own ideals and character.
  • 10. Chinese Brush Though it seems like watercolor painting in the West, it has a finer tip suitable for dealing with a wide range of subjects and for producing the variations in line required by different styles. Since the materials used for calligraphy and painting are essentially the same, developments in calligraphic styles and techniques can also be used in painting. Brush Techniques and Strokes The ancients used the expression yu pi yu mo(to have brush, to have ink). These show the significance of the meaning for the two terms pi(brush) and mo(ink).The brush techniques so much emphasized in Chinese painting include not only line drawing but also the stylized expressions of shade and texture (cunfa) and the dotting methods(dianfa) used mainly to differentiate trees and plants and also for simple embellishment. The brush strokes give the painting rhythm and beauty and depict the subject's outward and inner qualities. At the same time, they reveal the individuality and style of the painter himself.
  • 11. Type of Painting Brushes: Hsieh chao pi: Crab claw brush, large and small sizes Hua jan pi: Brush for painting flowers Lan yu chu pi: Brush for painting orchids and bamboo Brushes used for writing: T’u hao pi: Rabbit's hair brush Hu ying pi: Hunan sheep's hair brush
  • 12. Chinese Ink Ink has been used in calligraphy and painting for over two thousand years. When the ink cake is ground on the painter's stone slab with fresh water, ink of various consistencies can be prepared depending on the amount of water used. Thick ink is very deep and glossy when applied to paper or silk. Thin ink appears lively and translucent. As a result, in ink-and-wash paintings it is possible to use ink alone to create a rhythmic balance between brightness and darkness, and density and lightness, and to create an impression of the subject's texture, weight and coloring Paper and Silk Chinese painting may be done either on Chinese paper or silk.
  • 13. Chinese Paper The original paper(around 100 AD.)was made from many different materials including pulp, old fishing nets and bark. Modern paper is often machine made. It is classed in degrees of weight and amount of size used. The paper is very absorbent and the amount of size in it will dictate the quantity of ink used for strokes on the paper. Different paper produce different results; some are rough and absorb ink quickly like a sponge, others have a smooth surface which resists ink. Chinese paper is usually known as rice paper in English.
  • 14. Chinese Silk Before painting on silk, the silk should be treated with alum and glue before use. This method makes silk less absorbent than paper. Brushstroke is best shown on paper. Because of this reason and the paper's variety of texture and finish, paper quickly became favored by artists and calligraphers. Chinese Color Fourth, there are the colors. There are differences in the use of color between Chinese painting and modern western painting. Chinese painting aim is not to express the various shades of color of the subject in relation to a fixed source of light, but to express the characteristics of the different subjects. For example, the adding of traces of brown or green to rocks, trees, leaves, grass and moss in a painting is used to reinforce the feeling of a particular season or state of the weather.
  • 15. Dai-jin’s returning late from a spring outing
  • 19. Craft “Chinese craft is not only aesthetic beauty for themselves but also great treasures for China and the rest of the world”
  • 20. Black eggshell pottery Bodhisattva Bronze Stand Chinese jarCarved Lacquer tray Ceramic female attendants
  • 21. Crossbow men Eastern Han Jade ornament with dragon and phoenix design Seated Buddha Monk, Song dynasty Leshan Giant Buddha, Tang dynasty
  • 22. Shang dynasty bronze ritual ding Western Han Tang dynasty tri-color horse
  • 23. Tang dynasty tomb figure Wine Jar Song Dynasty Porcelain_Bottle Zhou dynasty bronze musical bell
  • 25. Architecture “The most significant characteristic is the use of timber framework. Paintings and carvings were added to the architectural work to make it more beautiful and attractive”
  • 26. Xia Dynasty  Early markings from this period found on pottery and shells are thought to be ancestral to modern Chinese characters.  With few clear records matching the Shang oracle bones or the Zhou bronze vessel writings, the Xia era remains poorly understood and little is known about the architecture of Xia Dynasty.  According to mythology, the dynasty ended around 1600 BC as a consequence of the Battle of Mingtiao. Zhou bronze vessel Shang oracle bones
  • 27. Shang Dynasty  The first set comes from sources at Shangcheng. The second set is at An-yang, in modern-day Henan. The findings at An-yang include the earliest written record of Chinese past so far discovered.  In the cities people lived in rectangular houses laid out in rows, built of wood and rammed earth. In the center of the city, there was a big palace or temple on a high earth platform. One building at An-yang was a big hall with pillars all the way around it.
  • 28.  There was a city wall of rammed earth around the Shang capital at An-yang. These were built by piling up dirt and pounding it until it was as hard as rock.  Other people at that time were building rammed earth altars, in circular patterns like this one to worship Heaven, and square ones to worship Earth.  In the summertime, people moved out of their dark sod houses and lived instead in a tree-house built on a wooden platform, with the roof made of poles and branches. Living high up in the air kept them safe from animals and snakes. Shang Dynasty city wall around ZhengzhouShang Dynasty Altar
  • 29. Zhou (Chou) Dynasty  There had been a lot of big palaces and shrines. These palaces were built mainly of big wooden beams. They had rammed earth walls, like the buildings of the Shang Dynasty. They had courtyards. Archaeology tells us that some of these buildings had clay roof tiles.  Rich people's houses already looked a lot the way rich people's houses looked in later China, with walls around them and courtyards and more private areas for the women in the back.  The Zhou emperors made laws about how fancy house could be. Only the emperors were allowed to have artists carve their pillars and paint them red. Only the very richest families could paint their pillars black. People who were not so rich painted their pillars yellow.
  • 30. TYPES OF ANCIENT CHINESE ARCHITECTURE Classification by structure  Chinese pavilions  Terraces  Storeyed pavilions
  • 31. Chinese pavilions Chinese Pavilions are covered structures without surrounding walls. Types of Chinese Pavilion: Round, square, triangular Practical function:  Used for military and governmental purposes  As a place for rest  As a roof to a stone tablet Aesthetic function: Pavilions provided a place to sit and enjoy the scenery, and they also became part of the scenery itself, being attractive structures.
  • 32. Terraces As an ancient architectural structure of Chinese, the tai was a very much elevated terrace with a flat top, generally built of earth and stone and surfaced with brick. Functions of terraces :  As an observatory  As beacon towers along the Great Wall  In honor of the sincere friendship
  • 33. Storeyed Pavilions  It is used in ancient times for the storage of important articles and documents  A place where educated men used to gather to write articles and hold banquets  Used for enjoying the sights Functions of storeyed pavilions : Storeyed Pavilions were like simple pavilions stacked on top of each other.
  • 34.  Imperial Palaces  Traditional Chinese Gardens  Altars and Temples  Religious Structures  Tombs and Mausoleums Classification by function
  • 35. Imperial Palaces Usually built on a grand scale, the imperial palaces are closely related to imperial sovereignty and were also constructed for the entertainment of rulers.  Imperial palaces are where emperors lived and administered their court during their reign. They are the most revered, luxurious and grandiose architectural types from ancient China.
  • 36.  The ancient palaces were strictly laid out on central axis.  Yellow roof tiles were used.  The wooden columns of the buildings, as well as the surface of the walls, tend to be red in color.  The Chinese dragon was heavily used on Imperial architecture.
  • 37. Traditional Chinese Gardens The most distinguishing feature of traditional Chinese gardens is their natural mountain-and-water style. Chinese garden architecture includes both grand imperial gardens and delicate private ones.
  • 38. Altars and Temples Altars and temples built in ancient China were meant for practice of rites. Three categories:  Imperial temples and altar for worshiping of Heaven, the earth, the sun, the moon and the imperial ancestors.  Commemorative temples for dead people of great virtue.  Family temples
  • 39. A Chinese Taoist temple is the holy hall where Taoists perform their religious ceremonies. Taoist Temples Religious Structures Buddhist Temple Constructions Buddhist Temple Constructions in China include Buddhist temples, monasteries, pagodas, Buddhist halls and grottoes.
  • 40. Tombs and Mausoleums People of all social classes had their tombs carefully built. Over the centuries, the craft of tomb construction gradually merged with arts like painting, calligraphy and sculpture. It eventually became its own art form.
  • 41. Great Wall of China Summer Palace Summer palace Other Architectures
  • 42. Great hall of peopleForbidden City
  • 43. Literature “Chinese literature is one of the major literary heritages of the world, with an uninterrupted history of more than 3,000 years”
  • 44. Chinese Literature is one of the most major literacy with an interrupted history and more that 30,000 years, dating back at least to the 14th century. There are four Classes of Literature 1. Classical Literature 2. Modern Literature 3. Contemporary Literature 4. Present Age Literature
  • 45. 1.The Chinese Classical Literature (1644-1911) It refers to the earliest period and covers works from 3,000 yeas ago to the late Qing dynasty and is virtually unbroken strands enduring dynastic changes. Written in ancient form of language that is very different from present day Chinese, it needs to be carefully studied to be understand
  • 46. 2. Chinese Modern Literature It refers to the period from the Opium War in 1840 to the may fourth movement in 1919. *Opium War- this is the war between two wars in the mid 19th century involving Anglo Chinese dispute over the British. - people observed the impact of Western thought as foreigners poured China and established their colonies, novels, poetry and other works begun to appear with the theme o patriotism and revelation of social literature.
  • 47. 3. Contemporary Literature (1919-1949) It took on a new vigor despite the fact that Chinese was in the checkered and complicated times. 4. Present Age Literature (1949-present) It evolved since the establishments of the People’s Republic in 1949 during this time. There was a Logjam as a consequence of the cultural resolution that lasted for near 10 years that era is now long past and we now have a favorable turn events and a great number of responsible written works
  • 48. Some of the literatures
  • 51. Music “Confucius: China’s foremost philosopher of music”
  • 52. Traditional Musical Instruments It is of four categories namely: Stringed instruments Percussion instruments Plucked instruments Wind instruments General Traits of Traditional Music  Grand entry  Technical finesse  Pentatonic scale  Smoothly Continous  Grand finale
  • 53. Chimes and Bells in the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties
  • 54. Tang Dynasty Music Show Tang Dynasty Dancing and Singing Show
  • 55. Chinese opera music China is known for their traditional theater art form, it combines music, vocal performance, pantomime, dance, and acrobatics. It is meant for entertainment. There are now several major types of Chinese opera, but the favorites are probably Beijing opera and Sichuan opera. In general, a small ensemble of about seven musicians play at one end of the stage. Experienced musicians know the score so well that they can perform from memory. The instruments include the erhu and other stringed instruments, wood clappers, gongs, cymbals, and wind instruments. The main function of the string instruments is to accompany the singing, but they are used to make special effects sounds such as animal sounds too.
  • 60. Dance “Chinese dance, with its vivid whirling ribbons, elaborate stylized movements, ethnically diverse costumes, and stories of China's past and its peoples, offers a tantalising glimpse into a complex and ancient culture”
  • 61. There are two types of dance:  Court Dance  Folk Dance Court Dance: The arts flowered in the Tang dynasty, 618 - 906 CE, interweaving poetry, painting, sculpture, music and dance into sophisticated amusements and cultural expressions for the upper classes. Dancers learned martial arts, gymnastics and expressive sculptural forms that were codes for classic stories and emotions. Court dances were reserved for the palace of the emperor and for ceremonies in Confucian temples and eventually migrated to the highly stylized Peking Opera
  • 62.  Prince Qin's Cavalry It is a massive, spectacular dance with military maneuvers, battle formations and audience participation. It filled the stage with 100 singers, 100 musicians and more than 100 dancers who moved in a dozen variations of martial maneuvers. The entire synchronized exercise was a military-readiness performance to remind the peaceful Tang dynasty that the threat of war required constant vigilance.  Nichang Yuyi It is also known as The Feather Dress Dance or The Song of Enduring Sorrow is a delicate lament about an emperor and his concubine, performed in feathered costumes. Tang dynasty emperor Xuan Zong wrote and choreographed this dance, which is still a popular tourist must-see in China due to its ethereal setting, costumes and romantic story.
  • 63. The dancers act out the emperor's dream that includes a journey to the moon where he is entertained by a host of graceful performers. In the dance, the emperor awakens and tells the dream to his favorite concubine, who then dances it for him, fluttering around the stage in feathers and silk that enhance her refined court dance movements. Folk Dance: China has China has 56 distinct ethnic minorities, and each has traditional dances that reflect and express its culture. Miao, Dai, Mongolian and Tibetan minorities perform some of the most well-known dances, and each has traditional dances that reflect and express its culture. Miao, Dai, Mongolian and Tibetan minorities perform some of the most well-known dances
  • 64.  Fan Dance Fans, used throughout Chinese history at every level of society for thousands of years, are colorful and fluid stage props, often stand-ins for blooming flowers, clouds, or lofty sentiments. In the Fan Dance, the dancer's body follows the lead of the fan, arcing and exploding into dynamic moves as the fans float in the air or snap open and closed  Ribbon Dance It is emotive and expressive, with frequent leaps and twirls aiding in the constant shapes and spirals formed by the long silk ribbons. This dance emerged from ancient Han dynasty heroic legends, but the "dancing" ribbons were so mesmerizing that the choreography evolved to feature just the breathtaking formations traced in the air.
  • 65.  The Lion Dance It kicks off the Lunar New Year. It's a clownish, exuberant romp down commercial streets lined with parade goers and merchants.  The Dragon Dance It is part of the Lantern Festival on the fifteenth night of the two-week New Year's festivities. A brightly painted tossing head and synchronized snaking line of dancers - the dragon's body - chase away misfortune and evil spirits as they bestow blessings on the crowd.
  • 66. Prince Qin's Cavalry Nichang Yuyi Chinese Ballet
  • 67. Lion Dance Dragon Dance Disco and Ballroom Dance
  • 68. Folk dance of Dai minority Folk dance of Miao ethnic group
  • 69. Food “The Chinese eat everything with four legs, except tables, and everything that flies, except airplanes” -Anon
  • 70. Traditonal Food items are  Rice  Millet  Wheat  Noodles  Tofu  Tea  Meat (Pork, Beef, Chicken, Duck, Pigeon)  Sorghum  Wine (Rice and Millet)  Vegetables (Soyabeans and Cucumber)
  • 71. Regional Food Types Northern China: Salty, simple, less vegetables with wheat as the staple food. Food using wheat as its main ingredient, such as noodles and dumplings is prevalent there. Western China: Hearty halal food with lamb the main meat
  • 72. Eastern China: Sweet and light Southern Minority: Sour and many minorities eat chilies every day Central China: Spicy with a lot of seasonings
  • 73. Festival “China is a kingdom of festival”
  • 74. China's festivals mainly fall into three categories  Agricultural  Religious  Social
  • 75. Chinese New Year (1st - 15th of the first lunar month): Pasting scrolls, the character 'Fu', and paper-cuts pictures, setting-off firecrackers and fireworks, paying New Year visits, and eating jiaozi. Lantern festival (15th day of the first lunar month): Watching lanterns and fireworks, guessing lantern riddles, performing folk dances, and eating yuanxiao. Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping day) (April 4th or 5th of the solar calendar): Tomb sweeping, spring outings, and flying kites. Dragon Boat Festival (5th day of the 5th lunar month): Dragon boat racing, eating zongzi, wearing a perfume pouch and tying five-colour silk thread, and hanging mugwort leaves and calamus.
  • 76. Double Seventh Festival or Chinese Valentine’s day(7th day of seventh lunar month): Praying for skillful hands, appreciating the stars, and eating noodles, jiaozi, and wontons Mid-autumn Festival (15th day of the 8th lunar month): Appreciating and offering sacrifice to the moonlight and eating moon cakes. Chongyang Festival (9th day of the 9th lunar month): Eating Chongyang cake, drinking chrysanthemum wine, climbing mountains and appreciating beautiful chrysanthemums. Winter Solstice (Dec. 21st, 22nd or 23rd in solar calendar): having dumplings in northern areas and having sticky puddings in southern areas. Laba Festival (8th day of the 12th lunar month): Eating laba rice porridge and a variety of ingredients.
  • 86. Fashion “Red is favorite for most Chinese people since red symbolizes good luck in traditional mind”
  • 87. Some of the traditonal dress  Tunics like long t-shirt (Xia Dynasty)
  • 88.  Hanfu (Traditional Han Chinese Clothing) – Xia Dynasty
  • 89.  Adornment and Jewelry
  • 94.  Clothes for the Head (Phoenix crown, Tang Official headwear, Song official Headwear, Ming)
  • 99. Products “Products developed turned from good to worse in modern times”
  • 100. Some of the products are  Paper  Printing  Gun Powder  Compass  Noodles  Gas Cylinder  Kite  Nail Polish  Natural gas as fuel  Rocket Arrows  Sunglasses  Bell
  • 102. Acupuncture It is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body. It is a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). TCM theory and practice are not based upon scientific knowledgeand acupuncture is a pseudoscience.It is most often used for pain relief and is generally used only in combination with other forms of treatment.
  • 103. Kung fu Chinese Kung Fu (Martial Arts or as popularly referred to as Gongfu or Wushu) is a series of fighting styles which has developed over a long historical period in China. Styles including Shaolin, Tai Chi and Qigong have many followers worldwide. Although being fighting styles, Kung Fu advocates virtue and peace, not aggression or violence.