1. JIGNASA-A Student Study Project
SOME ECO-FRIENDLY PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT METHODS
Government Degree College,Rangasaipet, Warangal.Warangal Dist.
Aditya, BSc. (BZC), III year.
Sameera, BSc. (BZC), III year.
Likhita, BSc. (BZCs), III year.
Aishwarya, BSc. (BZC), III year.
Sindhu Bhavana, BSc. (BZCs), III year
Under the supervision of:
Dr. Chanda Sudhakar
Assistant Professor of Chemistry
Government Degree College
2. Study Project Overview
Study Project Overview
. Aims and Objectives of the Study Project
Scope of the Study Project
Significance of the Study Project
Plastic Waste Management Methods
1. Conventional Plastic Waste Management Methods
2. Some Eco-friendly Plastic Waste Management Methods
(i)Utilization of plastic waste in road construction
(ii) Conversion of plastic wasteinto liquid RDF (oil)
(iii) Utilization of plastic waste as alternate fuel and Raw material in cement Kilns
and power plants
3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY PROJECT:
To learn and understand about the importance of plastic waste management.
To learn and understand about some eco-friendly plastic waste management methods.
SCOPE OF THE PROPOSED STUDY PROJECT:
With increasing population the utilization of plastic increasing day by day. The
conventional plastic waste management methods landfilling, recycling, incineration
causes pollution. The scope of the present study project is;
To think about eco-friendly environment.
To know some eco-friendly plastic waste management methods.
know creation of wealth from plastic waste
STUDY PROJECT FRAMEWORK AND SIGNIFICANCE
Plastic waste from different sources are increasing in a large amount which is causing
hazard to life due to its non-biodegradable nature. So we have to reduce it by utilizing it
in an eco-friendly manner by adopting proper techniques
We have gathered information about the plastic waste management (PWM) and its importance from various Open Educational Resources, studied
about the plastic waste management and its importance and understood that there are many PWM methods. Among them we have studied about
three plastic waste management methods and presented them in this project. They are
•Utilization of Plastic Waste in Road Construction.
•Co-processing of plastic waste as Alternative Fuel and Raw Material (AFR) in cement kilns and power plants.
Conversion of plastic waste into liquid RDF (Oil). ANALYSIS OF DATA:
Plastics are synthetic polymers that may be shaped when soft and then hardened to retain the given shape.
PLASTIC WASTE or PLASTIC POLLUTION:
The accumulation of plastic objects (e.g.: plastic bottles and much more) in the earth's environment that adversely affects wildlife,
wildlife habitat, and humans.
PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT:
The initiative aims to establish environment-friendly plastic waste disposal solutions. In the process it seeks to ban the use of plastic
bags and plastic products, and reduce plastic littering across earth.
Plastics are non-biodegradable, synthetic polymers derived
primarily from petro-fossil feedstock
Due to its broad range of application it produced on a
massive scale world wide and its production crosses the 270
million tonnes per year globally.
6. Quaternary ammonium salt:
When al the four `H` atoms of the NH4
+ ions have been replaced by –R groups the
compound is called as Quaternary ammonium salt
7. 2. In secondary (2o) and tertiary (3o) aliphatic amines, when two or more –R groups are
same, the prefix di or tri is appended before the name of the alkyl group.
3.In secondary (2o) and tertiary (3o) aliphatic amines, when two or three different –R
groups are attached to the `N` atom, they are named in alphabetical order.
b) Aliphatic Amines IUPAC Nomemenclature:
1). Primary amines are named as alkanamines.
8. 2). In 20 and 30 amines, if different alkyl groups are attached to `N` atom, the
longest chain becomes parent alkyl and remaining alkyl groups are added as
prefixes in alphabetical order.
3). In case, more than one amino group is present at different positions in the
parent chain , their positions are specified by giving numbers to the carbon atom
bearing –NH2 groups and suitable prefix such as di, tri etc., is attached to the
amine.The letter `e` of the suffix of the hydrocarbon part is retained.
9. ii) Aromatic Amines Nomemenclature:
a)Aromatic Amines Common Names: Mostly have common special names
given in perentheses.