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Living things and life processes

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Living things and life processes

  1. 1. All living things belong to a kingdom. All the individuals in a kingdom share similar characteristics. There are 3 main kingdoms.
  2. 2. Animals can move around. They eat other living things.
  3. 3. Plants can’t move around. They make their own food.
  4. 4. Fungi can’t move around. They eat the remains of living things.
  5. 5. The three life processes of all living things are interaction, nutrition and reproduction.
  6. 6. Through the process of interaction all living things react to their environment.
  7. 7. Through the process of nutrition all living things obtain the nutrients they need to live.
  8. 8. Through the process of reproduction all living things make new individuals.
  9. 9. 1. They use their sense organs to see, hear, taste, feel or smell. 2. They use their nervous system to process the information. 3. They respond to the information using their locomotor system by moving muscles and bones.
  10. 10. Plants react to changes in light, humidity, temperature and movement by moving one or more of their parts. Sunflowers face the Sun to receive its energy. The roots of plants grow towards water.
  11. 11. All animals eat other living things. They have a digestive system to obtain nutrients. Depending on what they eat, animals can be: • Hervibores: eat only plants. • Carnivores: eat only other animals. • Omnivores: eat plants and other animals.
  12. 12. Spiders are carnivores. Giraffes are hervibores. Hedgehogs are omnivores.
  13. 13. Plants obtain nutrients from their environment and make them into food. • Through the roots, they absorb water and minerals from the soil. • Through the leaves, they obtain sunlight and carbon dioxide from the air. Plants use energy from the sunlight to make the food and transport it over the plant.
  14. 14. 2 1 3
  15. 15. Animal reproduction can be: • Asexual: an animal makes a new individual from a part of its body. • Sexual: a male and a female mate. After that, the new individual forms. Most animals reproduce sexually. They can be oviparous or viviparous.
  16. 16. Oviparous After a male and a female mate, each baby forms inside an egg. The baby grows inside until it is big enough. Viviparous After a male and a female mate, babies grow inside the mother until it is big enough to born.
  17. 17. Plant reproduction can also be: • Asexual: a part of a plant makes a complete new individual. For example, a spider plant. • Sexual: in it there are three processes.  Pollination.  Fertilisation.  Germination.
  18. 18. 1 2
  19. 19. 3
  20. 20. STARFISH: it can make a complete new starfish from one of its arms.
  21. 21. The giraffe is the only mammal that doesn‟t have vocal chords so it is La jirafa es el único mamífero que no completely tiene cuerdas vocales, por lo que es completamente muda. mute.
  22. 22. The tongue of the blue whale weights as an adult elephant. La lengua de una ballena azul pesa como un elefante adulto.
  23. 23. If a jellyfish called „sea wasp‟ stings you, you have 45 seconds of life. It‟s the most poisonous animal of Si una medusa llamada “avispa de mar” te pica, tienes 45 segundos de vida, ya que es el animal más venenoso the world.
  24. 24. THE BIGGEST JELLYFISH IN THE WORLD!!!
  25. 25. The tongue of the giraffe can measure 50 centimeter s. medio La lengua de una jirafa puede medir hasta metro.
  26. 26. The drangonfl y lives only one day. La libelula vive solo un dia.
  27. 27. An elephant‟s pregnancy lasts almost two years. El embarazo de un elefante dura casi 2 años.
  28. 28. A hippo runs faster than a man. Un hipopotamo corre mas rápido que un hombre.
  29. 29. The giraffe sleeps only 7 minutes per day and it does it standing. La Jirafa duerme tan solo 7 minutos por día y lo hace de pie.
  30. 30. The brain of a crocodile is as big as a person‟s thumb. El tamaño del cerebro de un cocodrilo es igual al del dedo pulgar de una persona.
  31. 31. It‟s physically impossibl e for pigs to look to the sky. Es físicamente imposible para los cerdos mirar al cielo.
  32. 32. For snails, i t takes two hours to move one meter. El caracol tarda dos horas en caminar un metro.
  33. 33. THIS WORLD IS THE HOME OF LIVING THINGS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjmh2KtwIpM

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