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MMVC15 Mallinson Remixing OERs

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Moodle Moot Virtual Conference 2015 (MMVC15):
Remixing OERs - Adapting for Purpose and Context

Online WizIQ class on:
Date: 11am (GMT+2) Saturday 8th August 2015

Full paper:
Mallinson and Krull (2015) "An OER Online Course Remixing Experience" Open Praxis Vol 7 (3)

Publicado en: Educación
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MMVC15 Mallinson Remixing OERs

  1. 1. Remixing OERs - Adapting for Purpose and Context BRENDA MALLINSON 8th August 2015
  2. 2. Outline Introduction Motivation for Remixing OER Significance of Remixing OER Design & Development of the Remixed course Pilot Implementation Evaluation of Remix experience Concluding Remarks
  3. 3. The ‘Openness’ Movement  Open Education  Open Learning  Open Online Courses – MOOCs - OpenupEd  Open Educational Resources – OER Africa  Open Licencing – Creative Commons  Open Access Journals - DOAJ  Open Source Software – OSS / FOSS
  4. 4. Introduction  Challenges to Higher Ed Institutions in developing countries:  Increasing access  Maintaining quality  Possible solution: Use of supporting ICTs  Concern: may raise additional barriers, including  Capacity of academic staff to facilitate online / blended learning  Mitigation: propagate efforts in capacity development  Purpose: adapt and enhance facilitation skills - from F2F to online  Two noteworthy resource provision initiatives in South Africa:  Supporting Distance Learners: a Tutor’s Guide (Saide)  Facilitating Online (UCT)
  5. 5. Motivation for remixing the resources Course A: Supporting Online Learners Course B: Facilitating Online The Lifelong Distance Learner Arriving Open Learning, Distance Education and eLearning Conversing Supporting Learning Facilitating Asynchronous Communication Creating Tutorials and Web-Conferencing Applying Assignment to Support the Learning Process Course Outlines (Units/Weeks) 1. What did we start with?
  6. 6. Motivation for remixing the resources 2. What did we want to achieve?  Contextualisation for wider African academic staff by:  Provide essential elements of each original resource  While shortening the duration  Resulting in an attractive and ‘doable’ option for academics Course A Course BNew: Course C
  7. 7. Significance  OER remixing is still not widely practised  African academics need to be producers (not only consumers) of OER  OER adaption needs to move from funded projects to sustainable institutional integration Continuum of Open Practice (Stagg, 2014)  OERs are not ‘free’, but require:  Academic expertise and discretion  Quality assurance  Contextualisation
  8. 8. Design and development of the remixed online OER course  Establish veracity with respect to suppositions:  Remixing OER courses with similar licensing is achievable  OER will be reused if they are contextually relevant  Design as Remix (Amiel, 2013) concerns allayed by:  Context: Primary original materials were developed by African educators  License: Freedom to reuse, adapt and remix was granted  Task reduced to a regular learning design activity for online provision
  9. 9. Remixed Course C: Facilitating Online Learning Schedule Tools / Technologies Resources Pre course introduction 4x introductory activities Online Quiz (Survey) Discussion Forum (x2), Blog Teaching in an Online Context (Anderson, 2008); Facilitating Online eBook 9Carr et al., 2009) Week 1 5 x activities Reflection Discussion Forum (x2) Synchronous Chat Online Assignment Wiki, Blog (x2) Pre-course survey results; Sync vs Async. Ppt (Mallinson, 2014a) Guide to completing a wiki (Wentworth, 2014); Week 2 5 x activities Reflection Discussion Forum (x4) Wiki, Blog, Live web conferencing 5 Stages of online participation (Salmon, 2003); Blackboard Collaborate access guide; Dimensions of online learning (Mallinson, 2014b) Break week (catch up on reading, activities & engagement) Week 3 4 x activities Reflection Discussion Forum (x3) Assignment – file upload, Blog Live web conferencing Activity design templates (x2): Mallinson (2014c); and Salmon (2003); Approaches to teaching and learning (Witthaus, 2009) Wrap up Evaluation; Closing reflection, Farewells Online quiz (survey) Discussion Forum (x2), Video Guidance on locating, exporting and displaying the open digital badge earned (Video) (Mallinson, 2014d)
  10. 10. Pilot Implementation  Email flyer to targeted groups – resulted in considerable interest  Moodle was used as commonly implemented by target groups  Cost considerations inhibited uptake initially  Facilitators needed to model ‘good practice’  High level of mediation  Completion acknowledged by digital badges & certificates  Only 2/3 of participants attained the awards
  11. 11. Evaluation  The content, nature, and deployment environment of the OER is important as is its licensing for reuse.  Time to remix an OER should not be underestimated.  The final resource should be cohesive, coherent and suitable for context.  A full understanding of licenses and their implications is important.  The more open the technological standards and formats, the fewer barriers exist to remixing. Process Remixed course  New and useful experience for participants.  Valued the experience of creating online activities and using synchronous tools.  Well-supported online.  Time challenges experienced.  Need more time to get to know the VLE Facilitators recommendations:  Increase duration by 1 week.  Enhance the facilitators guide.  Add more pedagogy and technology elements (from course A).  Provide funded access.
  12. 12. Concluding Remarks  Sharing of lessons learned in the remix experience  Course revision to follow  Publication of revised course as an OER under CC license.  Example of remix for context  Encourage further remix examples by African institutions  Remixing OER with similar licenses is an achievable undertaking  OER will be reused if they are deemed to be contextually relevant Take ownership of OER Adoption in Africa
  13. 13. Reflection How does this relate to your institution/organisation?  With respect to opening up your own resources  Reusing existing openly licenced resources  Remixing OER to contextualise to your own environment
  14. 14. Thank You BRENDA MALLINSON SlideShare: Full paper: Mallinson and Krull (2015) "An OER Online Course Remixing Experience" Open Praxis Vol 7 (3) July-Sept 2015. Available: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.