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Ch 2 internet aplications1

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Ch 2 internet aplications1

  1. 1. INTERNET APPLICATIONS CREATED BY Jay Ramkrishna Kashiv Member Board of Studies IT, ICT, CS, CT
  3. 3. An interconnected system of networks that connects computers around the world via the TCP/IP protocol. Internet is the system through which one can submit information that can be used for single or multiple operations.  Wired or wireless mode of communication / data transfer is possible through Internet.  It is a huge network of several different interlinked networks; which communicate under specific guidelines i.e. called Internet Protocol (IP) OR i.e. called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).  Range of services being carried out through Internet is vast.  Internet applications includes Blogs & Forums, VoIP, e- commerce, e-Governance & e-maps. INTERNET
  4. 4. internet E-mail chat Video conferencing Search forum Blogs E- commerce Entertainment
  5. 5. A word “Blog” is formed from “Web Log”. Similar to e-mail accounts, user can create “Blog” at specific location on internet. It is user’s own space where he / she can keep (post) certain articles, ideas, news, facts, opinions, etc. which other visitors can view. Blogs are usually structured, organized by category and can be updated as and when required. As compared to e-mails, communication is fast, as visitors (so called bloggers) can quickly view the comments and even post his / her own thoughts on the subject. With reference to a particular topic, as information sharing and opinion forming can be collectively done, blog is considered as one of the strongest tool to connect people on social ground.
  6. 6. Steps to create blog: Step 1: Choose a free blogging software. Step 2: Register for an account and create your blog Step 3: Select Your Domain, Theme and Other Options. Step 4: Start blogging. Once you've completed steps 1-3, you're ready to join the BLOG and start publishing content on your blog. There are many more ways you can customize your blog, but these four easy steps are all you need to follow in order to start a simple blog.
  7. 7. Advantages of Blogs:  Quick posting & viewing of information is possible.  As blog is unlike e-mail communication, no threat of spams.  No limit to create number of blogs. User can create any number of blogs.  Typically recent developments / new information is posted on blogs. Hence blogs are in a way help to search engines to find new contents.  Blogging service and software are economical. Users (bloggers) can visit blogs with either free of cost or with very minimum charges.
  8. 8. Forums:  Forum is the space on internet used to communicate, interact and collaborate with others. E.g. it is possible by means of discussions, chat rooms, messaging windows, calendars.  Information posted on a particular topic can be saved and other people can see at any time, creating a discussion environment.  Everything that gets posted can be read any time.  Forum differs from blog in a sense that blog allows only one (owner) person to write and maintain the blog; whereas forum allows multiple users (members of the blog) to post his / her views on the subject and even change the subject.
  9. 9. Following are integral parts of forum: •User Group: Members of the forum add up their views about the topic, thus by expanding the discussions. The users, who are not registered members of forum, are commonly known as Guests OR Visitors. Visitors can usually view the contents of the forum. They are typically granted limited type of access to the functions that do not cause or require database alterations or breach privacy. •Moderator: The topic and discussion is monitored by a moderator or group of moderators. These are also users (or employees) of the forum. They are granted access to the post and threads of all members registered in the forum. Moderators are responsible for keeping the forum clean by means of arresting spams attacks.
  10. 10. •Administrators: Administrators; who also act as moderator, manage the technical details required for running the site. Administrators manage the rules; create sections and sub- sections as required and also perform any database operations (database backup etc.). Administrators can change or update the appearance (known as the skin) of a forum. •Topic: Topic, also commonly known as thread is collection of posts, i.e. displayed sequentially by means of dates. Thread is defined by subject / title that summarize the particular discussion. Popularity of thread is typically considered on forums in reply counts. Post: A post is nothing but the message submitted by forum member; i.e. user. It also contains basic details of user, date & time the message is submitted. Members can typically edit or delete their own posts
  11. 11. Difference between Blogs and Forums: Blogs Forums 1. A blog belongs to a personality (student, teacher, any person) 1. A forum belongs to someone else (a company, an online site, a non-profit organization, or anyone who creates and runs the forum). 2. Blogs are devoted to a specific topic. 2. A forum is a collection of posts offered by the general public, i.e. question-and-answer format 3. While a blog may be a collection of one person's writing on something. 3. A forum is more collection of the public's shorter comments on a topic. 4. Blogs can not offer to go with membership. 4. Some forums offer separate blogs to go with membership.
  12. 12. VoIP: Voice over IP (VoIP, abbreviation of voice over internet Protocol) commonly refers to communication protocols, technologies, methodologies, and transmission techniques involved in the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet. Other terms commonly associated with VoIP are IP telephony, Internet telephony, voice over broadband (VoBB), broadband telephony, IP communications, and broadband phone.
  13. 13. Types of VoIP: VoIP can be typically used in following ways: Computer to Computer: This is the basic form of VoIP. Users can simply talk to each other through a piece of software installed on their computers using a headset. Phone to Computer: Users can use a VoIP program installed on their computer to call phones. They can call any number worldwide; landline or mobile phone. VoIP Phones: VoIP phones apparently look just like telephones. Users speak and hear through them just like a phone connected to the internet; hence the name is VoIP system. Dialing the number is same as that of normal phone. VoIP Adapters: VoIP adapters can connect existing telephone to VoIP system. This means users can use their current phone to use VoIP
  14. 14. E- Commerce
  15. 15. E-Commerce E-Commerce (Electronic Commerce), it is about sharing business information, maintaining business relationship and carrying out business transactions using computer systems which are connected to telecommunication network. It is an emerging concept that describes the process of buying, selling or exchanging of product, services and information over electronic system such as computer network or internet.
  16. 16. Examples of e-Commerce: Auction sites where advertisements about any products to be auctioned are put in e- commerce. retail stores making banking transactions through internet (e-banking) e-filing of tax returns Ticket bookings (airlines, trains, bus, cinema, etc.)
  17. 17. Trade Cycle: E-commerce is the establishment of multiple functions that include selling products or information over the Internet and the processes that are established to support a company. As with physical commerce, the trade cycle is more or less categorized into four areas.  Identification of a supplier by a consumer and the agreement of terms for supply.  Selecting the goods and taking delivery.  Payment and invoicing is usually executed along with the selection of goods in e-commerce.  After-sales services including maintenance, in which complaints are addressed, support given, and any further involvement of the supplier with the product as specified in the terms of supply is engaged.
  18. 18. E-Market: E-Market (Electronic Market) is inter-organizational information system that provides facility for both buyers and sellers to exchange information about product offerings and price, payments and services using Internet, networks and digital technologies. Any transfer of goods or services from seller to buyer that involves one or more electronic methods or media can be considered electronic marketing. E-market is the virtual representation of physical market. By utilizing ICT, necessary e-marketing related information can be exchanged i.e. very beneficial for the traders who are geographically dispersed
  19. 19. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the electronic transfer of a standardized business transaction between a sender and receiver computer, over some kind of private network or Value Added Network (VAN). EDI is based on a set of standardized messages for the transfer of structured and formatted data between computer applications. EDI is primarily used by multiple and repeat operations like supermarkets, automobile industries. Inventory (stock) control and material management is possible through EDI. EDI can define multiple transaction sets corresponding to each type of business document such as invoice, purchase order, etc. It is most commonly applied in the execution and settlement phase of trade cycle. EDI system requires EDI standards, EDI Software, EDI network and trading community.
  20. 20. E-Banking: Internet banking (or E-banking) means any user with a personal computer and a browser can get connected to his bank’s website to perform any of the virtual banking functions. In internet banking system, banks have their own centralized database that is web-enabled. The services the bank has allowed to perform on the internet can be selected and further transaction is dictated by the nature of service. Since last few years, most commonly used service is ATM (All Time Money) from where customer can get required cash. ATM system is based on intranet i.e. network within the organization which connects various locations and having connectivity with central database. Once can invest amount in stocks market using the websites. By sitting at home you can transfer money in fixed deposit or in any other person’s bank account. you can see your bank balance, bank transactions on website and no need to go in bank physically.
  21. 21. E-Governance: The system by which citizens can access Government information while visiting the required sites on internet is e- Governance. It refers to the use of ICT (Information & Communication Technology) by government agency for various reasons as under:  Exchange of information with citizens / business OR other government departments / functions.  Fast & efficient delivery of public services  Improve internal efficiency  Reduce cost & increase revenue  Restructuring and administrative process
  22. 22. E-map E- map means Electronic map or digital map. E- maps are virtual images along with navigation facility. The spatial information of a region or a landmark is displayed using simple graphics, symbols and lines. Users can move or browse the map to locate particular region. In case of regular maps landmark is generally a building while in e-maps it can be a location, building or a dessert vendor or may be soothing else having user’s interest. Google Earth is one of the best examples for Digital Mapping.
  23. 23. Google Maps: A Google map is a web mapping service application and technology provided by Google. It is also called as “Google Local”. Google map provides that provides many map-based services, including the Google Maps website, Google Ride Finder, Google Transit and maps embedded on third-party websites via the Google Maps API. It offers road maps, a route planner for traveling by foot, car, bike]or public transport and an urban business locator for numerous countries around the world. Google Maps satellite images are not updated in real time; they are several months or years old. Google Maps uses a close variant of the Mercator projection, so it cannot show areas around the poles.
  24. 24. Google Earth Google Earth is a useful application for viewing almost any location in the world from a bird’s-eye view. It is a stand-alone program which offers more globe-viewing features, including showing polar areas. The free version of Google Earth software can be downloaded at: By using Google Earth, we can find a specific place, location (such as a city, landmark, or address)
  25. 25. Wikimapia for finding places, routes: Wikimapia website provides Google Maps interactive web map that consists of user-generated information layer on top of Google Maps satellite imagery and other resources. In December 2009 Wikimapia launched an API (Application Programming Interface) and made its content available in several formats for non-commercial use. It allows selecting any marked object and viewing its description. Apart from this and the search tool, user can filter and highlight objects by categories. Visitors can add location by drawing its outline on top of satellite photo, write a description for it, choose its category and upload referring pictures. To edit existing tag user need to register on website.