School education system in poland

22 de Nov de 2016

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School education system in poland

  1. Education system in Poland
  2. The education system in Poland includes nursery schools primary schools secondary schools post-secondary schools/high schoos vocational or technical schools
  3. • In Poland a higher education system (colleges and universities) belongs to a separate department of the government administration. It isn't ranked among the educational system because it is being granted constitutional autonomy
  4. • In accordance with records of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland everyone has right to learn. Education is compulsory from the age 7 to 18 years old, but the status of compulsory institutions is given only to a primary school and the secondary school. Learning in public schools is free of charge .
  5. • Activities and the organization of the system are specified in the act from 7 September 1991 about the educational system . A new structure of education was introduced in 1999 .
  6. Nursery schools • Children attend the nursery school from the age 3 to 6. • A „zero class" is compulsory for children at the age of 6. „Zero classes" are established mostly at nursery schools, and also in some primary schools.
  7. Primary schools • The six-year school is divided into two three-year stages . The first stage includes classes from I to III; the main part is the block called „integrated education ” – these classes are being conducted by one teacher who is also acting as the class tutor. Each class lasts for 45 minutes and then there is a 10 minutes break. Lunch break is usually at 11.30 or 12.30 and lasts for 20 minutes.
  8. • Pupils can take part in classes of the religion or ethics. Parents decide whether their children attend them. • Children usually start learning a foreign language in class 1. • Some pupils also participate in compensatory classes or physiotherapy exercises. • Extra curricular classes may be organized according to the pupils’ interests or needs
  9. • In IV-VI classes different teachers teach various subjects, out of those, one (class tutor) is responsible for their class. • The subjects are all compulsory: • Polish • Foreign language (usually German or English) • Maths • General Biology • History and Society • Music • Arts • Technical skills • Information Technology • Physical Education
  10. • From the class V, pupils with their parental consent can take part in classes of sexual education (in the context of family life preparation)
  11. • The reform of the educational system from 1999 created the secondary school. Pupils attending the secondary school are between the ages of 13 - 16. Educating at this stage has a general character, all the following subjects are obligatory: • Polish • History • Knowledge about society • Art • Music • Foreign language • Maths • Physics and Astronomy • Chemistry • Biology • Geography • Information Technology • Technical skills • Physical Education
  12. • Attending classes of religious education, ethics or sexual education (preparation for family life) is not compulsarory and parents make the decision of their children’s attendance.
  13. • The learning at the secondary school ends with an examination, written by students of class III in April. Every year a director of the Central Examination Board setts the date of the test. The examination paper consists of three written parts: humanistic subjects and mathematical-environmental subjects and a foreign language (since 2009). The exam results don't affect the final school results, but they are significant for the recruitment to post- secondary schools (the comprehensive secondary school, profiled secondary school, the technical vocational school and a vocational school).
  14. Post-secondary education a) two-year fundamental vocational schools, b) three-year comprehensive secondary schools, c) three-year profiled secondary schools, d) four-year technical vocational schools, e) two-year supplementing comprehensive secondary schools, f) three-year supplementing technical vocational schools,
  15. Grading • The annual (semester) classification grades from educational classes, start being given in class of the IV primary education.They are set according to the following scale: • perfect – 6 • very good – 5 • good – 4 • satisfactory- 3 • ‚barely there’– 2 • Insufficient (fail) – 1
  16. • Annual classification grades for the behaviour: • perfect • very good • good • correct • inappropriate • reprehensible • In classes I-III of the primary school a descriptive evaluation is applied.
  17. • Most high schools finish with a ‚matura’ exam that enables the students to attend a higher education institution and obtain the degree of Bachelor (3- year course) or Master (5-year course)