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The Necessary Role
of Ethics and Justice
in Climate Policy
Professor Simon Caney
University of Oxford
I: Justice and the Target
Question: how should “dangerous anthropogenic
Interference” (Article 2, UNFCCC) be defined?
Ques...
Justice and the Target
What ethical criteria?
One Proposal: dangerous climate change should be
defined, in part, in terms ...
Justice and the Target
A Human Rights Standard can give
[1] help define Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference
[2] guide Ada...
II: Justice and Burden
Sharing
1st role: defining dangerous climate change
2nd role: guiding governing burden sharing
“The...
Justice and Burden
Sharing
Two orthodox Principles of Just Burden Sharing
Principle I: Development-Sensitive Polluter Pays...
Justice and Burden
Sharing
[1] Just burden sharing recognizes the right of developing
countries to develop in environmenta...
III: Justice and Political
Reality
The Challenge: Is an ethical approach utopian?
unrealistic? naïve?
The Response:
Import...
Justice and Political
Reality
Verdict:
Meaning 1. Unrealistic = Impossible to be achieved. It
would be a problem if a purp...
Justice and Political
Reality
Meaning 2. Unrealistic = unlikely to be achieved. It may be true
that it is unlikely that a ...
Concluding Remarks
Ethics and Justice are an essential part of any defensible climate
treaty.
I: In defining the just targ...
Thank You!
For more information see:
S. Caney 'Climate Change, Human Rights and Moral Thresholds' in
Human Rights and Clim...
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The Necessary Role of Ethics and Justice in Climate Policy, S. Caney

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S. Caney (University of Oxford , Oxford, United Kingdom) at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France.

More at http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/

Publicado en: Ciencias
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The Necessary Role of Ethics and Justice in Climate Policy, S. Caney

  1. 1. The Necessary Role of Ethics and Justice in Climate Policy Professor Simon Caney University of Oxford
  2. 2. I: Justice and the Target Question: how should “dangerous anthropogenic Interference” (Article 2, UNFCCC) be defined? Question: Why 2°C degrees? Or any alternative target? On what basis? Answer: the necessity of ethical criteria. This must include an account of the kind of standard of living to which people are entitled as a matter of justice. Ethics and justice are inescapable and indispensable.
  3. 3. Justice and the Target What ethical criteria? One Proposal: dangerous climate change should be defined, in part, in terms of its impact on the enjoyment of human rights. Human Right to Life Human Right to Health Human Right to Food and Water Human Right to Adequate Standard of Living
  4. 4. Justice and the Target A Human Rights Standard can give [1] help define Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference [2] guide Adaptation and define the target [3] help determine the nature and extent of ‘Loss and Damage’ (including non-economic loss and damage) [4] provide guidance if we exceed the 2°C target.
  5. 5. II: Justice and Burden Sharing 1st role: defining dangerous climate change 2nd role: guiding governing burden sharing “The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Accordingly, the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof.” (UNFCCC Article 3.1)
  6. 6. Justice and Burden Sharing Two orthodox Principles of Just Burden Sharing Principle I: Development-Sensitive Polluter Pays Principle. The burden of mitigation and adaptation should be borne by those who contributed to the problem (but responsibility arises only once agents are above a decent standard of living). Principle II: Ability to Pay. The burden of mitigation and adaptation should be borne by those with the greatest ability to pay.
  7. 7. Justice and Burden Sharing [1] Just burden sharing recognizes the right of developing countries to develop in environmentally sustainable ways. Given that many lack access to energy, and given the need to avoid dangerous climate change this places an imperative on research into, and equitable access to, clean technology. [2] In addition, mitigation and adaptation policies must not impose unjust burdens on third parties. A side-constraint on energy policies.
  8. 8. III: Justice and Political Reality The Challenge: Is an ethical approach utopian? unrealistic? naïve? The Response: Important to disambiguate what it means for a proposal to be unrealistic: Meaning 1- Impossible to be achieved Meaning 2 - Unlikely to be achieved
  9. 9. Justice and Political Reality Verdict: Meaning 1. Unrealistic = Impossible to be achieved. It would be a problem if a purportedly just outcome was impossible to attain (‘ought implies can’). BUT it is possible to achieve a just climate treaty (one which prevents dangerous climatic changes; distributes the responsibilities equitably; respects the right to develop).
  10. 10. Justice and Political Reality Meaning 2. Unrealistic = unlikely to be achieved. It may be true that it is unlikely that a just climate treaty will be reached. BUT That does not undermine the claims made earlier about what a just treaty would involve. (‘Ought’ implies ‘can’ not ‘likely to happen’ or ‘will be adopted by powerful states’.) A just climate treaty is attainable. It will be hard to achieve, but that does not change the fact that a just climate treaty requires the kinds of actions described earlier.
  11. 11. Concluding Remarks Ethics and Justice are an essential part of any defensible climate treaty. I: In defining the just target of climate change policy and determining what constitutes dangerous anthropogenic interference II: in guiding burden sharing and evaluating mitigation and adaptation policies (should honour two principles and right to develop) Climate science and economics are essential; but so too is ethics.
  12. 12. Thank You! For more information see: S. Caney 'Climate Change, Human Rights and Moral Thresholds' in Human Rights and Climate Change (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), edited by Stephen Humphreys, pp.69-90 S. Caney 'Climate Change and the Duties of the Advantaged', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy vol.13 no.1 (2010), pp.203-228. S. Caney ‘Just Emissions’, Philosophy & Public Affairs vol.40 no.4 (2012), pp.255-300. http://simoncaney.weebly.com

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