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From rhetoric to reality: Operationalizing the landscape approach in practice

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Presented by Terry Sunderland at International Association of Landscape Ecology Congress, Milan, Italy, 4th July 2019

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From rhetoric to reality: Operationalizing the landscape approach in practice

  1. 1. From rhetoric to reality: Operationalizing the landscape approach in practice Terry Sunderland International Association of Landscape Ecology Congress Milan, Italy 4th July 2019
  2. 2. Landscapes have been central to CIFOR’s research strategy: Central to CIFOR’s Strategy since 1993:  Landscapes for Sustainable Livelihoods (LIV)  Biodiversity in Fragmented Landscapes (ENV)  Managing conservation and development trade-offs at the landscape scale (Domain 4)  Landscape Management, ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation and livelihoods (Component 3)  Sustainable landscapes and food systems • Adaptive collaborative management • “Landscape Mosaics” – SDC (with ICRAF) • Landscape principles and guidelines • Global Landscapes Forum • Systematic reviews
  3. 3. The origin of the “landscape approach” 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010 - present 1980s: Integrated Rural Development 1998: Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) 1985 onwards: Integrated Conservation & Development projects (ICDPs) Contributing Sciences: Ecosystem Management Landscape Ecology Island biogeography Conservation rooted frameworks e.g. “Ecosystem Approach” 1983: “Landscape Approach” first documented (Noss, BioScience) Last decade: (Integrated) Landscape Approach frameworks
  4. 4. “A review of 15 Integrated Conservation and Development Projects in Asia who said they were working at the landscape scale were in fact primarily focused on protected areas.”
  5. 5. Systematic reviews • Identified major gaps in our understanding of implementation of landscape approaches • Yet pervasive narrative continued to promote “landscapes as a solution”… but to what? • Research not informing rhetoric • SDG’s provide opportunity for addressing development role of forests in landscapes
  6. 6. Operationalizing landscape approaches in the tropics (IKI) • Concept first submitted in May 2015 • Invited to re-submit in 2016 • Full proposal development through 2017 • Continued refinement to June 2018 when project commenced
  7. 7. Project objectives • To address gaps between strong scientific theory and weak implementation • To facilitate multi-stakeholder dialogue to benefit actors across multiple sectors and decision-making scales • Raise awareness of the value of biological diversity in complex landscapes to inform national policies • To empower marginalized groups to effectively participate in decision-making processes • To test the extent to which implementation of landscape approaches can reduce land use conflict
  8. 8. Linking research, policy and practice Extensive policy and network analysis in each country Political partners • Ensures the project becomes part of the inter-ministerial committee on climate change • Promote the project at all levels of government • Access data and information from other departments, including forest and land use data Implementing partners • Promote the implementation of landscape approaches for conservation, livelihoods and adaptation to climate change, biodiversity conservation, democracy and governance • Outreach through networks
  9. 9. Research partners Centre for International Forest Research • Overall project management and coordination • Budgets and finance University of Amsterdam • Supervision of four PhD students, including two for Zambia • Lead on governance aspects of research University of British Columbia • Supervision of graduate students (PhD, Masters and Post-Doc) • Remote sensing support • Scientific advisory role
  10. 10. Great opportunity… • To challenge the project implementation paradigm; moving from “project” to “process” • Facilitating empowerment and knowledge sharing • Building on existing networks and previous research • To understand and monitor change in ever-changing, dynamic landscapes • Formal capacity building through student engagement • To do cool stuff – photovoice, drone mapping, landscape games – while keeping people engaged • To provide much needed leadership in implementing “landscape approaches”
  11. 11. Getting the message out
  12. 12. Thank you! More information: @TCHSunderland @James_D_Reed