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The role of local governance towards facilitating sustainable peatland management/restoration

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Presented by Diah Suradiredja, Policy Senior Advisor, Indonesia Biodiversity Trust Fund (KEHATI), at Webinar "A Synthesis and Way Forward", 17 December 2020.

In this session, the speaker explained the common understanding of peatland restoration. This session also underlined the importance of finding the balance between conservation and sustainable use through the multi-stakeholder and cooperation including the local engagement. Speaker also shared the potential criteria and indicators that can be useful in peatland monitoring and assessment such as improving participation, profitability, and productivity of smallholders, reducing social conflict, reducing deforestation and degradation, stock areas, and reducing fire and haze.

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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The role of local governance towards facilitating sustainable peatland management/restoration

  1. 1. The Role of Local Governance Towards Facilitating Sustainable Peatland Management/Restoration (Session 2d) Diah Suradiredja - KEHATI
  2. 2. • Peatlands are a unique habitat for a variety of flora and fauna. If this land is damaged, the world will lose hundreds of species of flora and fauna, because they are unable to grow in other habitats. Biodiversity living in peatland habitats is a source of germplasm that can be used to improve the traits of commercial varieties or types of flora and fauna in order to obtain disease- resistant, high-production, or other beneficial commodities • Peatland is also a habitat for freshwater fish which is a comodity of high economic value. They are important to be developed such as gabus/snakehead, toman?red snakehead, jelawat/Hoven's carp, tapah/helicopter catfish, etc. • Peatlands have great potential as a means of sustainable agricultural or plantation cultivation as long as it practices conservation principles and uses appropriate technology, as well as adaptive commodity selection. Indonesia has vast peatlands and is the fourth country with the largest peatlands in the world after Canada, Russia, and the USA. Common Understanding
  3. 3. Three things that have been pressured by all related parties since the 2000s, are; 1. In order to gain the function and benefit of natural resources of peatlands, it is necessary to have a balance between aspects of conservation and sustainable use of these lands. This condition can be met based on the identification of the potency and existing obstacles with an approach to balance the needs of conservation and utilization. 2. Management of natural resources including peatlands can not be carried out by certained parties only, but it alsoi requires efforts and coordination among relevant parties such Government, Non Government Organization, Universities, private sectors, and the community. Therefore, coopertion is needed among all parties to enable in realizing the optimal and sustainable use of natural resources. 3. Implementation of decentralization at local level requires a clear and firm division of tasks, as well as continous trasnparant communication among stakeholders. Fort his reason, a national guideline is required which can be elaborated in various regions by adjusting it as needed.
  4. 4. 1. Finding a balance across different sustainability dimensions (economic, social, environmental and good governance, including transparency issues), and boosting synergies and addressing trade-offs across these dimensions 2. Using a stepwise approach, combining outcome (‘good’) with process (‘in progress’) indicators 3. Being audience-oriented, with indicators that are relevant and meaningful to various target groups, including national governments, district governments, trade partners and consumers 4. Looking at feasibility, including by taking into account data availability and using efficient, objective collection methods, such as remote sensing, using secondary data, checks on government documents, surveys and others. Translating these elements and governance components into measurable indicators for jurisdictional sustainability calls for some general considerations:
  5. 5. The potential criteria and associated indicators that can be useful in monitoring and assessment of peatlands 1. Improving the participation, profitability and productivity of smallholders in fair commodity supply chains 2. Reducing social conflict and protecting human rights, including labour and indigenous land rights 3. Reducing deforestation and forest degradation in high conservation value and high carbon 4. Stock areas, including primary and secondary forests, as well as peatlands 5. Reducing fire and haze.
  6. 6. 1. The most appropriate scale of measurement remains the district. Provinces can be very heterogeneous, while villages are too small and too numerous for biophysical measurements to be interpreted. In addition, evaluation and verification at this or smaller scale could become too expensive, burdensome and lengthy for potential monitors. 2. District governments have specific mandates that are clearly specified and limited by regulations, particularly Law 23/2014 on Local Governments. They cannot pursue activities beyond their mandate. 3. The work of district governments is based on specific processes in terms of planning, budgeting and implementation. These processes are stipulated by regulations. To be implemented, district government activities should first be integrated into planning documents. Only then can they be financed by the local budget. 4. The provisions of the assistance task are contained in the Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation No.61 / MENLHK / SETJEN / KUM.1 / 11/2017 concerning the Assignment of Part of Government Affairs in the Environment and Forestry Sector for Peat Restoration Activities for Fiscal Year 2018 to the Governor of Riau, the Governor of Jambi, Governor of South Sumatra, Governor of West Kalimantan, Governor of Central Kalimantan, Governor of South Kalimantan, and Governor of Papua. Selecting pragmatic indicators for the roles of local at peatland jurisdictional level needs specific considerations: