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The action plan for Open Science of the
universities of Catalonia
Lluís Anglada
(CSUC. Àrea de Ciència Oberta)
“Focus on O...
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
LIBER Europe
 Research Libraries
 Founded in 1971
 More than 400
national, university and other libraries from over 40
...
Vision:
The research
landscape in 2022
Open Access is
the main form
of publishing.
Research Data
is Findable,
Accessible,
Interoperable
and Reusable
(FAIR).
Digital Skills
underpin a
more open and
transparent
research life
cycle.
Research
Infrastructure is
participatory,
tailored and
scaled to the
needs of the
diverse
disciplines.
Tomorrow’s
cultural
heritage is built
on today’s
digital
information.
Strategy LIBER strategy 2018-
2022: Changing
roles of research
libraries
Libraries as
platform for
innovative
publishing
...
Outline
• Research and libraries
– LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
–Libraries support research in Catalan
academic librari...
 1996-2013: CBUC consortia of academic libraries
• Traditional library activities
– Union catalogue, ILL,
• Digital libra...
Comissió
funcional
(Vicerectors)
Grup de treball de
Suport a la Recerca
Comissió de treball per
al Portal de la Recerca
de...
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
Open metadata = transparency
Research
portal of
Catalonia
What? How? Why?
 What?
• aggregating information from different institutions and CRIS systems
– 12 universities, 40 resea...
Content
Dades febrer 2018
We are using the information already in the system,
but we deduplicate elements and add quality
Estandardització d’enllaço...
The future: more institutions, more elements, better visualization
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
The situation for a Spanish researcher
 The European Commission wants to have the 100% OA in 2020
• But there are deep di...
Recommendations (for universities, research centers, and
consortia)
https://www.recolecta.fecyt.es/sites/default/files/con...
Research Vicerectors of universities of Catalonia
Recommendations approuved (Nov. 2017)
 Containing the cost of the scien...
From speaking to acting
The objective is 100% OA, but, when? how?
• To get it, we need a policy, and our contradiction is...
The CSUC OA Action Plan for 2018
 Offsetting:
• We will try to sign offsetting licenses with some (3-5) small publishers
...
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
Why?
 Open Research Data Pilot H2020 requires to:
• Create a DMP
• To publish research data in open and FAIR modes
• Next...
RDM
La visión del CSUC:
• Es necesario pero aún no urgente (y complejo, y
desconocido y diverso)
• La gestión de los dato...
RDM: The CSUC vision
 It is necessary but not yet urgent
• (and it is complex, and unknown, and diverse)
 The management...
Mida i
complexitat
Nº projectes
0. (always and for all): Data Management Plans
 we have a form online
+ prepared staff for
helping researchers to
create ...
1. When the solution already exists
 Recomendaciones de
repositorios temáticos y
multidisciplinares
• For communities tha...
2. (for now and just in case): accommodate existing repositories
 Using existing IR has allowed us to easily
and quickly ...
3. (for most, soon): a FAIR repository where to publish the data
 Our challenges:
• to establish a set of achievable FAIR...
4. (for all, in the not very distant future): management tools
 In the medium and long-term,
universities should offer to...
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
Other activities
 Bibliometrics
• Current situation: unequal and inhomogeneous use of bibliometric indicators
• Objective...
Outline
Research and libraries
• LIBER vision and strategyc Plan
• Libraries support research in Catalan academic librari...
In the past, libraries
supported research
basically collecting,
licensing, preserving, and
disseminating journals
In the new OS context,
library services for
research should cover
the complete process o
cycle of research
lluis.anglada@csuc.cat
@lluisanglada
http://www.csuc.cat
Many thanks
questions?
Gràcies
Preguntes?
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The action plan for Open Science of the universities of Catalonia

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Presentació de Lluis Anglada, director de Cìencia Oberta al CSUC, duta a terme a la jornada "Focus on Open Science", celebrada el 20 de juny de 2018 per Scientific Knowledge Services, Barcelona Knowledge Hub de l'Academia Europaea i la Universitat de Barcelona.

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The action plan for Open Science of the universities of Catalonia

  1. 1. The action plan for Open Science of the universities of Catalonia Lluís Anglada (CSUC. Àrea de Ciència Oberta) “Focus on Open Science” Scientific Knowledge Services in cooperation with Barcelona Knowledge Hub of the Academia Europaea. Barcelona, 20th June 2018
  2. 2. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities
  3. 3. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities
  4. 4. LIBER Europe  Research Libraries  Founded in 1971  More than 400 national, university and other libraries from over 40 countries
  5. 5. Vision: The research landscape in 2022
  6. 6. Open Access is the main form of publishing.
  7. 7. Research Data is Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR).
  8. 8. Digital Skills underpin a more open and transparent research life cycle.
  9. 9. Research Infrastructure is participatory, tailored and scaled to the needs of the diverse disciplines.
  10. 10. Tomorrow’s cultural heritage is built on today’s digital information.
  11. 11. Strategy LIBER strategy 2018- 2022: Changing roles of research libraries Libraries as platform for innovative publishing Libraries as a hub for digital skills and services Libraries partnering in research infrastructure
  12. 12. Outline • Research and libraries – LIBER vision and strategyc Plan –Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries • OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) – O Metadata – O Access – O Data – O ther activities
  13. 13.  1996-2013: CBUC consortia of academic libraries • Traditional library activities – Union catalogue, ILL, • Digital library activities – Licensing and also – Repositories (the oldest was set up in 2001!9 – Promoting OA – ORCID implementation  2013: CBUC created a new activity line to give support to research  2014: CSUC = CBUC (libraries) + CESCA (supercomputing)  2017: CSUC created a new area for Open Science
  14. 14. Comissió funcional (Vicerectors) Grup de treball de Suport a la Recerca Comissió de treball per al Portal de la Recerca de les Universitats de Catalunya Mission: • Collaborate with universities to reduce the effort of adaptation to the requirements of Open Science Guiding principles: • Explore together • Share good practices • Build joint solutions (if applicable)
  15. 15. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities
  16. 16. Open metadata = transparency Research portal of Catalonia
  17. 17. What? How? Why?  What? • aggregating information from different institutions and CRIS systems – 12 universities, 40 research centers, 7 CRIS and a lot of no-CRIS information systems  How? • unifying elements of information – UNEIX + ORCID + CERIF + Dspace CRIS  Why? • 2 main goals: – visualize and disseminate from a unique place the research activity done in Catalan research system, and – promoting open access to scientific outputs (articles and data) –  Benefits: • increase access and visibility to the research done in Catalonia • putting data in open and standardized form to facilitate being harvested and reused
  18. 18. Content Dades febrer 2018
  19. 19. We are using the information already in the system, but we deduplicate elements and add quality Estandardització d’enllaços al format persistent, detecció DOIs incorrectes, enriquiment amb enllaços en accés obert, etc. Detecta versions en accés obert a través del DOI
  20. 20. The future: more institutions, more elements, better visualization
  21. 21. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities
  22. 22. The situation for a Spanish researcher  The European Commission wants to have the 100% OA in 2020 • But there are deep differences between countries and disciplines • In Europe, in a very general picture, – countries with a strong publishing industry (and powerful research) opt for the golden way (with payment of APCs) in gold and hybrid journals (UK, Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Finland), – In general with a strong support by the Government and rectors – most countries have opted for the green way;  The hybrid journals were born with the promise of not increasing overall costs (APCs should be discounted from subscription prices) • but, APCs meant an added cost (of a 10%?)  The dilemma for Spanish researchers is: • to publish in IR with short embargo periods (it does not happen often), • or to publish in pure gold journals (there are not many in JCR) • or publish in hybrid journals (in most cases with payment and APC)
  23. 23. Recommendations (for universities, research centers, and consortia) https://www.recolecta.fecyt.es/sites/default/files/contenido/hoja-informativa-Enero-2018-EN.pdf 1. Monitoring compliance with open access publishing 2. Facilitate the deposit 3. Focusing on researchers regarding OA and new indicators 4. Transparency in journal subscription agreements and control mechanisms 5. Contain the expense made in journals subscriptions
  24. 24. Research Vicerectors of universities of Catalonia Recommendations approuved (Nov. 2017)  Containing the cost of the scientific communication system • In contracting journal subscriptions it will be attempted not to accept annual increases in costs that are above the Catalan retail price index. • In order to avoid paying an extra cost for publishing, universities will create mechanisms that allow them to monitor what they pay for open access publishing through APCs or participation in open access publishing initiatives. • It will be ensured that journal subscription agreements include vouchers for open access publishing without payment of APCs for the principal researchers of the signatory universities.  Depositing scientific articles published by the academic community in the institutional repositories of universities • Universities will make it compulsory to deposit all scientific articles published by the academic community in their institutional repositories. Priority should be given to open access depositing, but if that is not possible, the works must be deposited with as short an embargo period as the funders and publishers allow. • Compliance with the mandatory deposit will be monitored and the results will be made public  Promoting transparency • Universities will make public all agreements for access to information resources reached with publishers, as has been done in the Netherlands and in Finland. • Universities will publicize the costs of the whole scientific communication system, including those of access to resources and those of publication.
  25. 25. From speaking to acting The objective is 100% OA, but, when? how? • To get it, we need a policy, and our contradiction is that we still are not ready to have one • We are not driving or navigating the scholarly communication transformation, we are skating and surfing in the OA landscape, We need the consensus between • more than 10 universities • vice-rectors, managers, administrators, librarians, researchers We need a feasible action plan, one that we can perform • (not one that is nice to talk about)
  26. 26. The CSUC OA Action Plan for 2018  Offsetting: • We will try to sign offsetting licenses with some (3-5) small publishers  Breaking: • We will do not sign licenses if the publishers ask us for abusive conditions • We will need to prepare alternatives for access to the publisher content  OA by default: • We would like to convince universities in making mandatory the deposit of all scientific articles published by the corresponding author of the universities • Embargos guaranties the compliance with journal policies  Transparency: • We want to make public the costs of subscriptions (like Holland and Finland did) • We will do it in an aggregate way
  27. 27. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities
  28. 28. Why?  Open Research Data Pilot H2020 requires to: • Create a DMP • To publish research data in open and FAIR modes • Next Horizon Europe will maintain the requirement and monitoring this  Recommendation on access to and preservation of Scientific Information (European Comission, 25.04.18): • research data that results from publicly funded research becomes and stays findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable ("FAIR principles") within a secure and trusted environment Implementing FAIR Data Principles: The Role of Libraries
  29. 29. RDM La visión del CSUC: • Es necesario pero aún no urgente (y complejo, y desconocido y diverso) • La gestión de los datos de la investigación debe ser asimétrica Una gestión asimétrica de los datos • 0. (siempre y para todos): Planes de gestión • 1. (para muy pocos, pero muy visibles): la solución ya existe • 2. (para ahora y por si acaso): acomodar los repositorios existentes • 3. (para la mayoría, pronto): un repositorio FAIR donde publicar los datos • 4. (para todos, en un futuro no muy lejano): instrumentos de gestión
  30. 30. RDM: The CSUC vision  It is necessary but not yet urgent • (and it is complex, and unknown, and diverse)  The management of research data should be asymmetric • solutions (probably) will be diverse and adopted progressively  In the medium-long term (probably), the mandates, incentives, facilities, and habits of the researchers will be more important than the data infrastructures • Although, in the short term, the construction of infrastructures is probably at the center of the debates Asymmetric research data management 0. (always and for all): Data Management Plans 1. (for very few, but very visible): the solution already exists 2. (for now and just in case): accommodate existing repositories 3. (for most, soon): a FAIR repository where to publish the data 4. (for all, in the not very distant future): management tools
  31. 31. Mida i complexitat Nº projectes
  32. 32. 0. (always and for all): Data Management Plans  we have a form online + prepared staff for helping researchers to create DMPs  with information about the content of the Plan, descriptions and real examples  but, only very few researchers used them (10% of the potential users) Mida i complexitat Nº projectes 43 planes reales creados des del inicio del servicio
  33. 33. 1. When the solution already exists  Recomendaciones de repositorios temáticos y multidisciplinares • For communities that already have their subject data repositories • For special cases  A table that shows the public data repositories characteristics  Systematic updates (v1 Jul’16, v2 Nov’16, and v3 Mei’17) Mida i complexitat Nº projectes
  34. 34. 2. (for now and just in case): accommodate existing repositories  Using existing IR has allowed us to easily and quickly respond to the need to publish data  Changes: metadata, data visualizing, ...  But this solution has clear limitations: • Files size • Preservation • PURLs used (handle and not DOI) • Software maintenance • ... Mida i complexitat Nº projectes Enllaç al wiki
  35. 35. 3. (for most, soon): a FAIR repository where to publish the data  Our challenges: • to establish a set of achievable FAIR principles: – persistent identifiers, – storage of different sizes and formats, – preservation of high performance, – Interoperability – … • taking advantage of economies of scale without institutions lose the sense of control of the data of their researchers Mida i complexitat Nº projectes
  36. 36. 4. (for all, in the not very distant future): management tools  In the medium and long-term, universities should offer to researchers a service that allows them to manage their research data throughout their life cycle F1 F2 F4 F0 Mida i complexitat Nº projectes
  37. 37. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities
  38. 38. Other activities  Bibliometrics • Current situation: unequal and inhomogeneous use of bibliometric indicators • Objective: to create a Service that provides a wide range of bibliometric indicators to the research system of Catalonia (and introduce altmetrics)  Repositories • Continuing maintain different repositories and portals • Doctoral theses: TDX / Research documents: Recercat • Images: Digital Memory of Catalonia / Journals: RACO  Digital humanities • A working group has been created • Goals: – identify HD groups and projects – establish standards for the digitalization of contents – create a librarians working group to support HD
  39. 39. Outline Research and libraries • LIBER vision and strategyc Plan • Libraries support research in Catalan academic libraries OS in CSUC = O (M + A + D) • O Metadata • O Access • O Data • O ther activities A final consideration
  40. 40. In the past, libraries supported research basically collecting, licensing, preserving, and disseminating journals
  41. 41. In the new OS context, library services for research should cover the complete process o cycle of research
  42. 42. lluis.anglada@csuc.cat @lluisanglada http://www.csuc.cat Many thanks questions? Gràcies Preguntes?

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