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Annual Report on the State of Philanthropy - Bosnia and Herzegovina 2017 - Quick Facts

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The 2017 Annual Report on Philanthropy in Bosnia and Herzegovina was the result of media monitoring (print, broadcast and electronic) of keywords related to domestic philanthropy during the period from January to December 2017.

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Annual Report on the State of Philanthropy - Bosnia and Herzegovina 2017 - Quick Facts

  1. 1. number of recorded instances estimated value of donations average donation per citizen increase from 2016 57.5% 38.8% 1.1 % 0.6 % 2.0 % District Brčko Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Republic of Srpska throughout B&H outside of B&H 1,577 5.9M € 1.7 € 73.2 % During 2017, Catalyst Balkans tracked media reports on domestic individual, corporate and diaspora philanthropy in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This brochure provides key statistics on the findings of this research. 17Annual Report on the State of Philanthropy Bosnia and Herzegovina Quick Facts
  2. 2. Several Characteristics of Philanthropy in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the countries in the region in which philanthropy in 2017 has seen significant improvements on many levels. In total 1,577 unique instances of charitable giving were recorded, which is for more than 46% higher than last year. Moreover, total estimated value of giving has increased as well, for 73.2%. Analysisofthedistributionofgivingindicatesthedropofthepercentage of instances in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (57.5%) and directed towards other countries (2.0%), while more frequent giving was recorded in Republika Srpska (38.8%). Giving in District of Brčko (1.1%) and across the several regions within the country maintained the level from 2016. As for the distribution to the capital, it has slightly increased in 2017 - 17.6% of instances was directed to Sarajevo. Despite the lower frequency of instances this year, citizens (mass individual donor type) continue to be the most active donors with 52% of total recorded instances. Corporate sector has shown significantly increased interest (34.9% of instances), while individual donors were less active in 2017, with 5.5% of instances coming from this donor type. The ranking of donor types is the same as in 2016. Corporate sector has shown improvements on multiple levels, and in terms of the values of donations, comes at the top this year with again increased share of 38.3% of total recorded amount. Contribution of both second ranked citizens and third ranked individual donors has dropped. As for donors from diaspora, they have participated with decreased 7% of instances, and, similarly to last year, share of 6% of total recorded value. Related to the themes of giving, the ranking from 2016 has maintained in this year too. It is important to note that healthcare has continued to be the most supported theme in the last three years - this year with Level of giving Geographic distribution Donors Themes
  3. 3. decreased percentage of instances (30.9%). There is an increase of support directed towards support to marginalized groups (28.9%) and education (10.1%), while interest for poverty relief is maintained the level from last year With significantly lower percentage of instances in 2017, the most frequent recipients of giving continue to be individuals and families (35.3%). Nonprofit organizations have seen increase in interest towards them and kept the firm second place with 34.1%. of instances. In comparison with 2016, institutions and local and national governments also mark increase in giving directed towards them. Interest in support to the state (institutions and local and national government) has jumped this year (27%) and it is also reflected in higher monetary value of donation given to this recipient. In comparison with 2016, number of instances directed towards associations and private foundations has significantly increased (34.1%), keeping this recipient second ranked, and by frequency of support slightly behind individual and families. This year, total recorded value directed to the nonprofits (25.3%) is 5% lower than in 2016. The most active donors for nonprofits continue to be the citizens, while corporate sector is at the second place, with somewhat stronger participation. In 2017, some new of organizations have been recorded, and in general, nonprofits have strengthened their presence with better reach-out to donors, successfully organizing fundraising campaigns and events. Looking at the use of donation, we can conclude that one-off support is still main form in which the donations are given - 54.4% of instances. However, it is positive change that this percentage is lower than in 2016, while donors’ interest in strategic investments is getting stronger, with 27.8% of instances. This year, people in economic need were the most supported with 22.8% instances directed towards them. This beneficiary group, as well as population from local communities and people with disabilities have seen increase in support. Although second ranked, together with the lower support to theme of health, people with health issues have seen decreased number of instances directed towards them. Finally, other supported beneficiary groups are still present, with this year’s donors interest recorded for homeless, ethnic minority population and refugees/ IDPs. In terms of the transparency of data, the analysis shows a positive change, as 47.1% of media reports indicates the value of a donation, which is for more than 9% higher than in 2016. Recipients Nonprofit organizations Use of donation Beneficiaries Data Transparency
  4. 4. 52.0 27.2 34.9 38.3 5.5 1.5 4.4 31.0 0.3 0.1 2.9 1.9 % of Instances Mass Individual Corporate Sector Individuals % of Recorded Sum Mass Individual Corporate Sector Individuals 2015 2016 2017 58.4% 20.1% 11.1% 64.3% 16.9% 12.5% 52.0% 34.9% 5.5% 27.1% 29.3% 9.0% 48.2% 35.5% 6.8% 27.2% 38.3% 1.5% 2015 2016 2017 Mass Individual Corporate Sector Individuals Mixed Donors Private Foundations Other % of instances % of recorded sum Donors Donations by Type of Donors Key Trends in Types of Donors
  5. 5. Out of 1,577 donation instances, 47.1% had monetary value associated with them, which is more than 9% higher than in 2016. Media are more interested in philanthropy and consider the topic important, providing detailed and accurate reports. The total value of donation reported upon by the media and which could be verified using other sources is slightly over EUR 3.75 million. Since almost half of recorded data contained the actual value of the donations, we used extrapolation to make a cautious estimate that the value of donations for charitable purposes in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2017 was over EUR 5.9 million. Data on donor activity shows that by the number of instances citizens were the most active donor type through mass individual giving. Although with reduced percentage (52%) in 2017, this type of donor continues with the trend of first ranked in the last three years. Corporate sector showed more interest in giving and significantly increased the activity maintaining the second position with 34.9% of instances. Individual donors’ participation was cut in half this year, and they remained third ranked with 5.5% of instances. Majority of the instances were coming from these three types of donors, while other donor types participated with 7.6% of instances. When it comes to the value of donations, in comparison with 2016, the ranking of donor types has changed. Along with the intensifying the activity, companies and corporate foundations have seen increase in recorded values (38.3%) and are on the leading position and represent result of strong response of this donor type in support to the assistance in emergencies to people living in the Middle East. Through campaign of two nonprofits organizations big values were collected from the corporate sector – over 12% of total value given by this donor type was meant for people in the Middle East. Significantly decreased share of amount from citizens (27.2%) has placed them on the second position, while individual donors participated with reduced 1.5% of total recorded value. During three successfully organized national campaigns in which great number of citizens, SMEs and corporations took part, it is noteworthy that this year mixed donor type contributed with extremely high 31% of total recorded value. In 2017, Bosnia and Herzegovina diaspora decreased their activity and participated with 7% of instances of giving, while donated values remained at the level of 2016 (6.8% of the recorded value). Donors Key Points
  6. 6. Nonprofit organizations Institutions Individuals/Families Education Support to marginalized groups Healthcare People in economic need Local Communities People with Disabilities Top 3 Recipient Entities Top 3 Themes for Giving Top 3 Final Beneficiary Groups 48.4% 32.4% 35.6% 8.7% 18.0% 14.5% 31.5% 19.6% 19.3% Corporate Sector Profiles of the Most Common Types of Donors
  7. 7. Aiming to change and improve nutrition habits among children, especially with elementary school children, Merkur BH osiguranje d.d. (Merkur Insurance) from Sarajevo launched call for applications ‘’U zdravoj školi zdrava djeca” (In Healthy School Healthy Children) and invited schools to apply with projects. Four schools were awarded (Puračić Elementary from Puračić, Cazin II Elementary from Cazin, Sveti Sava Elementary in Istočno Sarajevo and Ivan fra Frane Jukić Elementary from Usora) with total amount of EUR 11,765 for implementation of projects. School invested money to install water filters within school water supply system, establish health park, to promote activities and work needed to produce healthy food, as well as to raise awareness about environmental protection and importance of preserving resources for healthy food production. BH Telecom launched a call inviting medical institutions and public kitchens based on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina for programs and activities of purchasing medical equipment, as well as supplies and equipment for public kitchens. Within the call 32 recipients across whole country were supported with total amount around EUR 500,000. From 15th of June 2017 to 15th of July 2017, Intesa Sanpaolo Banka BiH in partnership with Visa implemented campaign “Inspired by Heart”. Intesa Sanpaolo Banka allocated EUR 0.05 from any transaction made in that particular period by Visa Inspire card, and with no additional fee for cardholders. Campaign was tailored to collect money for purchasing the equipment for homes for children without parental care in six towns across Bosnia and Herzegovina. Total amount collected was EUR 24,300. Sarajevo company AbbVie d.o.o. supported University Clinical Center of Republika Srpska by donation of five video phones with video communication feature, other devices supporting the same technology, as well as 70 IP phones to be used within the University Clinical Center. The value of donation is EUR 32,800. Small and medium enterprise KHALIFA COMPANY d.o.o. Bugojno donated ambulance vehicle to the Bugojno General Hospital. The value of donation is EUR 27,256. Examples of Corporate Sector Donations
  8. 8. Nonprofit organizations Individuals/ Families Institutions Support to marginalized groups Healthcare Poverty relief/ mitigation People in economic need People with health issues People with disabilities Top 3 Recipient Entities Top 3 Themes for Giving Top 3 Final Beneficiary Groups 51.3% 41.1% 30.7% 9.4% 15.4% 22.8% 36.7% 24.9% 24.5% Mass Individual Profiles of the Most Common Types of Donors
  9. 9. Examples of Mass Individual Giving Contribution from Diaspora During traditional Diplomatic Winter Bazaar, that was held on December 9th, 2017 in the Mirza Delibasic Hall in Skenderija, Sarajevo, EUR 102,500 was collected. This money was allocated to 20 charity organizations working with children and young people with different needs in Gračanica, Doboj, Mostar, Grahovo, Šamac, Foča, Zenica, Tuzla, Gacko, Banja Luka, Sarajevo and other areas in BiH. At the charity event that took place on August 12th, 2017 in Šujica, numerous citizens participated and collected EUR 15,300 for the reconstruction of Stjepan Radić House of Culture in Šujica. Merhamet Tuzla Regional Board initiated the campaign “Učenici pomažu Narodnu kuhinju Imaret” (the pupils are helping Imaret Public Kitchen), lasting from November 1st till December 15th where pupils of all primary and secondary schools from the Tuzla Canton were collecting various food supplies. Total value of collected supplies, which were donated to the Imaret Public Kitchen, was EUR 12,780. Students of Bjelave School of Medicine from Sarajevo initiated fundraising campaign aimed to support their classmates in economic need and enable them to be part of the school excursion. They managed to collect EUR 10,160. Australian diaspora gathered at donors’ evening in St. Leopold Bogdan Mandić parish and raised EUR 21,480 for Zaklada za Mudrost i Plemenitost (Foundation Wisdom and Nobleness) - Pro Sapientia et Clementia Foundation based in Sarajevo, which provides scholarships for students. The foundation was established in 2009 with aim to support and motivate students from different ethnic communities to continue their academic education in their own country and accept and enhance the richness of the diversity of the common homeland.
  10. 10. Seasonal Giving - Sport, Public Infrastructure, Emergency Management, Culture and Arts Environment, Religious Activities, Social Entrepreneurship, Economic Development, Animal Welfare Breakdown of Other Themes Key Themes for Giving 30.9 % 28.9 % 11.9 % 10.1 % 5-10 % 3-5 % 1-3 % 0-1 % Healthcare Support to marginalized groups Poverty relief/mitigation Education
  11. 11. 2015 2016 2017 18.8% 32.5% 24.1% 7.6% 12.7% 43.8% 24.9% 5.5% 11.9% 30.9% 28.9% 10.1% Key Themes % of Instances Poverty relief/mitigation Healthcare Support to marginalized groups Education In 2017, 81.8% out of all recorded instances was directed to healthcare, support to marginalized groups, poverty relief and education. The ranking of themes did not change in the last three years. Although still on the top position, healthcare recorded lower donors’ interest, while interest in education and support to marginalized groups is higher than last year; interest in education has almost doubled, however, this theme is still at the bottom of the list. Support to poverty relief has maintained the level from last year. In terms of other supported themes, the range remains is the same and quite broad, with strong support to seasonal giving - 9.6% of instances.
  12. 12. Recipient Entities Type of Recipient Entities In spite of significant drop in percentage of instances directed towards individuals and families (35.3%), in 2017 this recipient entity continued to be the most frequent recipients of giving. Nonprofit organizations which kept second place, have managed to strengthen fundraising activities and attracted donors interest more – 34.1% of instances were directed in support to this recipient entity. The same trend we can notice related to institutions and local and national governments where both the recipients recorded higher percentage of instances compared to 2016. 2015 2016 2017 21.8% 50.4% 21.6% 0.7% 22.1% 58.8% 16.6% 0.6% 34.1% 35.3% 24.5% 2.5% Beneficiary Entities % of Instances Nonprofit organizations Individuals/Families Institutions Local/National governments 35.3 % 34.1 % 24.5 % 2.5 % 3.6 % Individuals/Families Nonprofit Organizations Institutions Local and National Governments Other
  13. 13. Nonprofit Organizations in 2017 The category of nonprofit organizations consists of local civil society associations, foreign organizations, such as UNICEF, and private foundations. Since 2014 nonprofit organization maintained the steady level of percentage of instances received, (around 21%), to face a significant jump in 2017 with 34.1% reached. Data regarding the value of donations for nonprofits shows that, after the significant increase in 2015, percentage of share directed towards associations and private foundations have gradually decreased, and in 2017 is 25.3%. However, regardless of the decreased share of investments to them, nonprofit organizations have been more active, developing programs and activities, providing support for beneficiaries within wide range of themes. A few very successful national campaigns were organized, which gathered many donors throughout the country. In 2017 the most numerous instances directed to nonprofit organizations were coming from citizens (over 55%), then from the corporate sector, and in much smaller extent from individual donors. Support to marginalized groups, seasonal giving, healthcare and poverty relief were the most supported by nonprofits, but also sport, emergency management, culture and arts, environment and animal welfare. In terms of final beneficiary groups, the range includes people with disabilities, as the most frequent, people in economic need and people with health issues, followed by population from local communities, people living in other countries, children without parental care, single parents, women and children survivors of violence, elderly and animals. This year associations have seen stronger interest from donors initiating and organizing various small-scale, but also big campaigns and events, and it is noteworthy that a fair number of new organizations was recorded. Organizations that received multiple donations this year are International Forum of Solidarity EMMAUS, Srce za djecu koja boluju od raka u BiH (Heart for children with cancer BiH), 42.4 % 15.2 % 14.1 % Support to Marginalized Groups Seasonal Giving Healthcare
  14. 14. Association, Iskra Association of Parents of Children with Malignant Diseases, SOS Children’s Villages BiH, EDUS - Education for all and Mozaik prijateljstva Association of Citizens. Out of private foundations, the most frequently mentioned was Mozaik Foundation. On the occasion of the end of season of Super recept TV show (Super Recipe), in cooperation with Hayat TV, Srce za djecu koja boluju od raka u BiH Association (Heart for Children with Cancer BiH) organized charity dinner. During the event, contributions were made by phone calls, auction of paintings, and by placing donations during at the event itself. Total collected amount of EUR 153,192 was allocated for the operational costs of the Parent’s House in Sarajevo run by this association. Association from Sarajevo organized campaign of collecting aid for people in Syria affected by the war and humanitarian crisis. Numerous citizens, corporations and small and medium enterprises responded with valuable in kind and cash donations. 265 tons of humanitarian aid in value of EUR 230,000 was collected and was sent to Syria. With the same goal, to help people in Syria, Association Međunarodni forum solidarnosti – Emmaus (International forum of solidarity EMMAUS) from Doboj initiated campaign to collect humanitarian aid. Donations provided by citizens and companies were delivered in 17 trucks with the value of over EUR 26,850. In some communities, citizens also donated cash resulting in EUR 20,350 cash donations. Support for People Living in Other Countries Sucesfull Campaigns
  15. 15. Key Beneficiary Groups People in economic need People with health issues People with disabilities Local Communities 22.8 % 22.6 % 18.6 % 16.5 % Children Without Parental Care People Living in Other Countries Mothers and Babies, Elderly Single Parents General Population, Women and Children Survivors of Violence, Homeless, Talented Youth, Religious/ Faith Communities, Refugees/IDPs, Ethnic Minority Population, Migrants, Animals 3-5 % 5-10 % 1-3 % 0-1 % Beneficiary Groups
  16. 16. 21.2% 14.0% 21.0% 13.5% 18.9% 8.0% 31.9% 17.4% 22.8% 16.5% 22.6% 18.6% 2015 2016 2017 Trends in Key Final Beneficiary Groups % of Instances People in economic need Local communities People with health issues People with disabilities The top four final beneficiary groups (people in economic need, people with health issues, people with disabilities and population from local communities) comprised slightly over 80% of overall number of instances of giving in 2017. This year, people in economic need were the most supported beneficiary group with increased level of donors’ interest - 22.8% of total recorded instances. Last year’s first ranked people with health issues have seen big decrease in number of instances, which pushed this group back to the second place on the list. Two most supported groups actually received similar level of interest from the donors. People with disabilities maintained the third place on the list with slightly increased level of support (18.6%), while it is noteworthy that percentage of instances directed towards fourth ranked local communities have doubled in 2017. Other supported beneficiary groups remained present, with homeless, ethnic minority population and refugees/ IDPs as newly supported this year. However, children and youth at risk did not get any support this year and disappeared from the list. When compared with last year, in 2017 higher percentage (4.6%) was directed to people living in other countries, mostly as a result of efforts to assist in humanitarian crisis in the Middle East.
  17. 17. More than 54% of recorded instances was directed to one-off support (supplies, medical treatments of individuals, humanitarian support and individual housing), and one-off support continues the trend firmly the main type of giving in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Long-term investmens (support that may produce long-term effects) was given in smaller exten (27.8% of instances), however, it is possitive that after last year’s drop, this form of support is againg in increase. Percentage of instances for which the exact use could not be determined, was somewhat higher in 2017. Long-term support was mainly given in form of equipment, capital investments, services and scholarships. Corporate sector, which is always main donor of long-term strategic support, this year participated with 48.2% of instances, and this represent positive change compared to last year’s 40.7%. Use of Donations Use of Donations in 2017 27.8% 54.4% 17.8% Long-Term Support One-Off Support Unknown 2015 2016 2017 19.4% 61.1% 19.5% 17.6% 69.9% 12.5% 27.8% 54.4% 17.8% % of Instances Long-Term Support One-Off Support Unknown
  18. 18. Examples of Long-term Support Following their strategic determination to help and support women, especially vulnerable women, company AVON stepped up with two noteworthy initiatives in 2017. Through cause related marketing campaign, where the company gave away part of profit from sales of products marked by the pink ribbon, EUR 31,850 was collected. This amount was donated to Tuzla University Clinical Centre for establishing the Breast Centre, more precisely for purchasing ultrasound device and refurbishment of the waiting room. Additionally, on the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (November 25th) and 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence campaign, Avon launched the “Čitaj između redova” (Read between the lines) campaign. As part of this campaign Avon donated around EUR 12,800 to the Foundation of Local Democracy and Safe Network (Sigurna mreža) to support their services given to women victims of violence. Hemofarm Banja Luka donated EUR 25,500 for the construction of the inclusive children’s playground at Obilićevo settlement in Banja Luka. This is company’s contribution to support and promote inclusion from early age. With the same goal, Mtel a.d. Banja Luka company donated funds for the construction of new playground and recreational zone within the Aquana water park. The value of donation is EUR 61,200.
  19. 19. Methodology The methodology for this report was inevitably conditioned by the viable options for collecting data. Research on this topic worldwide shows that the only completely reliable source of information on level of giving for charitable purposes is collected by tax authorities. For many reasons it was not possible to use this source of information in any of Western Balkans countries. As mentioned previously, Catalyst has opted for alternative ways of collecting data, using primarily media data as well as other available data sources. Concretely, the data used as the basis for this report was gathered by monitoring the electronic, printed and on-line media on the local, regional and national levels in the period from January 1 through December 31, 2017. There are three key limitations to this methodology. First, this method does not provide comprehensive data because the media does not report on all charitable instances and giving. Second, media reports often do not provide all data of importance in following the development of philanthropy (most often the media does not publish the amount donated and/or collected). Third, there is a potential limitation in the credibility of data published by the media. The first limitation cannot be overcome at this time. Where the second and third limitations are concerned, Catalyst seeks to overcome them by cross-analyzing various media, and then conducting additional research, for example by checking the reporting by companies’ and nonprofit organizations (if available to the public). Our figure, although not comprehensive, provides a minimum value of relevant indicators. Hence, this data may be used as indicators of the minimal degree of philanthropy development in a specific country. Continued observation will show a rise and/or drop in numbers and change in data related to our selected indicators. Therefore, continued monitoring over years will point out trends in philanthropy development as well as trends in media reporting on the subject. To conclude, under current conditions, we are of the opinion that the methodology allows for preliminary insight into philanthropy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  20. 20. The 2017 Annual Report on the State of Philanthropy in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Quick facts is part of a broader initiative to promote and stimulate philanthropy in the region carried out by the Catalyst Foundation. The underlying research and this publication were created by Catalyst Foundation (Catalyst Balkans) and with the generous support of the C. S. Mott Foundation. Opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily those of the Balkan Trust for Democracy, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, or its partners. Research conducted by Research supported by Prepared by Zorka Kovačević Jelena Bekčić Edited by Aleksandra Vesić FOUNDATION CATALYST Takovska 38, 11000 Beograd, Serbia Belgrade, 2018