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American Citizenship

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American Citizenship

  1. 1. American Citizenship<br />
  2. 2. Allegiance<br />I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.<br />
  3. 3. A citizen…<br />Owes allegiance to a government.<br />Is entitled to government protection in exchange for their allegiance (contract).<br />Has certain rights and responsibilities.<br /> Citizenship is a social contract, the citizen owes loyalty and duty, the government owes protection of rights.<br />
  4. 4. Becoming a Citizen<br />Naturalized Citizenship<br />Native Citizenship<br />People born in other countries must go through a “naturalization process” to become a citizen of the U.S.<br />18 years old<br />Lawful, permanent resident of the U.S. for 5 years (3 is married to a citizen)<br />Swear loyalty to the U.S.<br />Have good moral character<br />Be able to read, write, and speak english<br />Be knowledgeable of U.S. history and government<br />If you are born in a country you are native to that country.<br />Babies born in America are automatically citizens, this is native citizenship.<br />Children born in other countries to American parents can also be citizens if their parents choose.<br />
  5. 5. Citizenship Test(example questions)<br />What do the stripes on the flag mean?<br />What do the stars on the flag mean?<br />What country did the U.S. fight during the Revolutionary War?<br />Who was the first President of the U.S.?<br />How many branches are there in our government?<br />What do we call a change to our Constitution?<br />Why did the Pilgrims come to America?<br />Who helped the Pilgrims in America?<br />What ship did the Pilgrims sail on?<br />What were the original 13 states?<br />
  6. 6. Membership in a Society<br />Citizens are members of a society, a community bound by common interests and standards.<br />Citizens must obey the laws of the society to ensure those common interests and standards are met.<br />Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizenship and government.<br />
  7. 7. Government and Society<br />Government is the organization that establishes and executes the policies (laws and rules) used by members of a society.<br />
  8. 8. What Government Does<br />Security. Government’s first job is to protect people’s natural rights. It is the government’s half of the social contract. <br />Government protects you from…<br /> Other countries (through the military)<br /> Other people (through the police)<br /> Business (regulations on food, workers)<br /> Yourself (seatbelt laws, drug laws)<br />
  9. 9. 2. Law and Order. Government makes laws and enforces those laws in order to maintain peace in society. Without law and order there is anarchy.<br />3. Public Services. Government privides services to help society run smoothly and safely. Such as trash collection, mail, water purification, firefighters, police<br />4. Maintain Institutions. Government establishes and runs many different services such as jails, courts, hospitals, and schools.<br />
  10. 10. Intro to Types of Government<br />Monarchy<br />Dictatorship<br />A single person is the ruler<br />The right to rule is passed down<br />Rules for life <br />The right to rule comes from God<br />Ruler may have absolute power or limited power<br />Kings, Queens, Emperors <br /><ul><li>Ruler has absolute and unlimited power
  11. 11. Dictators make laws, determine how laws are enforced, and decide punishments
  12. 12. Many dictators gain power through violent coups</li></ul>Democracy<br />Citizens control government by voting<br />Values the equality of all people<br />Government is limited in power <br />
  13. 13. The American Dream<br /> Because you live in America, you have the opportunity to see your dreams come true. No dreams are guaranteed, but you have the right to pursue your dreams.<br />
  14. 14. Diversity in America<br />America is a country made up of immigrants<br />The population is becoming more diverse<br /> E Pluribus Unum “From Many, One.” <br />The Melting Pot<br />People from different countries blend into one American culture<br />The Salad Bowl<br />People from different countries mix together but do not give up own culture to be part of the American culture<br />
  15. 15. Census 2000 – Racial Diversity in America<br />Note – Hispanics may be of any race. Hispanics make up 12.55 of the total population<br />
  16. 16. American Values<br />Equality<br />All citizens are treated equally by government<br />2. Freedom <br />Certain basic human rights are guaranteed by our government<br />3. Justice<br />Laws are applied fairly and equally to everyone<br />
  17. 17. Equality<br />Equality is an ideal that we try to achieve<br />“all men are created equal” in the Declaration of Independence 1776<br />Meant white men only<br />Women, African Americans, and Native Americans did not have equal rights<br />Today we are truly much more equal<br />Except…<br />
  18. 18. Freedom<br />Declaration of Independence 1776 was written to declare the U.S. a free country<br />The U.S. was built on Natural Rights theory<br />Means that people rights come from God, not government<br />Because they come from God they are inalienable, which means they cannot be taken away<br />The Top Freedoms: religion, speech, press, assembly, petition <br />
  19. 19. Justice<br />No person can be punished for a crime unless government follows certain rules and procedures<br />People have a right to:<br />A speedy trial, an attorney, confront witnesses, a jury<br />Protection from cruel and unusual punishment<br />
  20. 20. Striving Towards an Ideal<br />In the real world we do not find perfect equality, freedom, and justice<br />Our ideals are our goals<br />To achieve these goals all citizens must work to fulfill their duties and responsibilities<br />“America will lead by defending liberty and justice, because they are right and true and unchanging for all people everywhere.”<br />
  21. 21. Duties and Responsibilities of Citizens<br /> As an American Citizen you enjoy many rights, however, to keep those rights you must fulfill your duties as well as your responsibilities.<br />Duties are required by law<br />Responsibilities are implied by the social contract.<br />
  22. 22. Duties of Citizens<br />Obeying the laws. Citizens must uphold their end of the contract, if they break the law they lose their rights.<br />Defending the Nation. The military protects our country’s freedom and rights, we have a volunteer military. <br />
  23. 23. 3. Paying Taxes. Government needs tax money in order to provide services and exist at all.<br />4. Jury Duty. People accused of crimes need fair and responsible jurors. <br />5. Attending School. Educated citizens are productive and responsible citizens for the whole country.<br />
  24. 24. Responsibilities of Citizens<br />Respecting the Rights of others. Your Personal rights are balanced against the rights of others and the good of the community as a whole.<br />2. Voting. Voting is how people hold government accountable. Your vote is your voice. <br />
  25. 25. 3. Helping to make society better. Citizens have a responsibility to help make the community better. This can be by volunteering, donating to charity, tutoring, being a hardworking student and employee, and putting the common good before personal interests.<br />

Notas

  • Naturalized citizens must take a test and complete an interview in order to pass the naturalization process.
  • Money and wealth? Homosexuality? Women?
  • G. W. Bush
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