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Suffrage from the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines

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  1. 1. Article V
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines , not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote, for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage. “ </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Right and obligation to vote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major form of participation of a citizen in the political process of the State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essence of Citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it mandatory? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A mere privilege </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a natural right, not inherent to everyone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privilege given to individuals upon fulfilment of certain conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A political right </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables citizen to participate in the process of governance </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means by which people chose their officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plebiscite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote of people expressing their choice over a proposed law submitted to them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitutional Amendment/Approval </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Referendum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratification of a law passed by the legislative, up for approval of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation passed by national/local legislative body </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process whereby people directly proposes laws for the government to enact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Method by which a public official may be removed from office during his tenure, prior to the end of his term </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Citizen of the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>At least 18 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Resident of the Philippines for at least 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Resident of the place where one aspires to vote for at least 6 months before election day </li></ul><ul><li>Not disqualified by law </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Age of maturity </li></ul><ul><li>To tap on the youth and enable them to be part of nation-building </li></ul><ul><li>Legal age to enter contracts </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Philippine Residency Requirement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To make sure the person is a permanent resident of the Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Residency Requirement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To make sure that the person is knowledgeable and familiar with the set up of the community where he aspires to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To prevent vote buying and mechanical voting </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Person sentenced by final judgement to be imprisoned for at least 1 year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parole/ Amnesty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does not reinstate such political right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 years after service of sentence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ERAP </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Persons convicted of a crime involving disloyalty to the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebellion, sedition, national security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unless otherwise restored </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 years after service of sentence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Insane or incompetent persons </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Citizenship is not measured by literacy rate </li></ul><ul><li>The ability of the citizen to perform his obligations to the State is not dictated by his ability to read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely, the most knowledgeable citizens are those illiterate, who usually are bystanders, because they knew everything that happens in the society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are subject to abuse by politicians </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ownership of property does not affect an individual’s capacity to function properly as a social and political being </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, property-less individuals are the most updated and knowledgeable of their community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They have a direct knowledge of what is life outside the four corners of a house </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal schooling is not a guarantee of good citizenship or intellectual voting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sex/Gender Requirement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By virtue of just being a woman, who’s primary responsibility is child-rearing, does not provide that they are not productive citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taxpaying Ability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Property requirement </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ The Congress shall provide a system for securing the secrecy and sanctity of the ballot as well as a system for absentee voting by qualified Filipinos abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>The Congress shall also design a procedure for the disabled and the illiterates to vote without the assistance of other persons. Until then, they shall be allowed to vote under existing laws and such rules as the Commission on Elections may promulgate to protect the secrecy of the ballot.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Congress/ COMELEC cannot pass a law that requires the voter to write his or her name in the ballot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voters Registration/ List of Voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ballot Secrecy Folder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Voting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May affect their casting of votes </li></ul><ul><li>To promote fair, impartial and liberal election </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>To provide Filipino citizen not present in the Philippines to vote during election time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OFW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filipino soldiers deployed in other nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign dignitaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They should be registered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited to national elections only </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Part of their privileges as a Filipino citizen </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>? ? ? </li></ul>